ISFP Presentation FAO APR Workshop March 2009
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ISFP Presentation FAO APR Workshop March 2009






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ISFP Presentation FAO APR Workshop March 2009 ISFP Presentation FAO APR Workshop March 2009 Presentation Transcript

  • P.K. Mudbhary Chief, Policy Assistance Branch FAO Regional Office for Asia and the Pacific 1 Workshop and Advanced Briefing for FAO Representatives 2- 6 February 2009 Bangkok, Thailand FAO’s Initiative on Soaring Food Prices in Asia and the Pacific
    • Food prices and government response in Asia
    • FAO’s response – the Initiative on Soaring Food Prices (ISFP)
    • FAO ISFP in Asia & the Pacific
    • FAO’s collaboration with regional organizations: ISFP and beyond
    • Food prices and government response in Asia
  • Selected cereal prices in Asia 14
      • Reduced food tariffs and taxes
      • Subsidized food prices and expanded safety net programs
      • Released stock and increased food import
      • Imposed export control
      • Supported input distribution, etc.
    • The measures were short-term and costly
      • High budgetary and foreign exchange cost
      • Measures prevented high prices from being transmitted to farmers
    • Structural and long-term challenges remain unaddressed
    Governments responded to high prices with different measures 16
  • Major policy responses to high prices in Asian countries 15
  • FAO’S response - the Initiative on Soaring Food Prices (ISFP) 17
    • increase food availability
    • boost smallholder productivity
    • contribute to longer-term food security by addressing underlying drivers of the crisis
    FAO Initiative on Soaring Food Prices (Launched in December 2007 and fully expanded after the High-level conference to translate the commitments into action) 19
    • partnership
    • country driven
    • catalytic
    • diversified
    • targets smallholders
    • tests best approaches
    FAO Initiative on Soaring Food Prices 20
    • estimated global need through 2009: US$ 1.7 billion
    • ISFP financing as of 19 January 2009:
      • Total funds received:101.9 million (including 35.9 million FAO funds)
      • Agreements signed: 41.2 million
      • Projects in pipeline: 72 million
    • Main sources:
      • FAO Technical Cooperation Projects
      • Donors: Austria, EC, Haiti, multilateral, Netherlands, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Tajikistan, UK,, Italy, Japan, Sierra Leone, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Tajikistan, UNDP, UNOCHA, World Bank
    • EC food facility for response to food crisis
      • FAO is implementing agency for 12 countries, three from Asia, during the first phase
    FAO Initiative on Soaring Food Prices FINANCING 21
    • inter-agency assessment missions
    • country action plans:
    FAO Initiative on Soaring Food Prices MAIN ACTION ELEMENTS
    • input supply (seeds, fertilizer, etc.)
    • small-scale irrigation
    • linking farmers with markets
    • reducing crop losses
    • supportive policies
    • UN Secretary-General established UN High-Level Task Force on Food Security Crisis (April 2008): a unified response
    • The Task Force produced Comprehensive Framework for Action (CFA), a global strategy and action plan with major FAO contributions (July 2008), which has two objectives:
      • Improve access to food and nutrition support and take immediate steps to increase food availability,
      • Strengthen food and nutrition security in the long-run by addressing underlying factors driving food crisis
    • Inter-agency cooperation between FAO –World Bank, ADB, EC and other UN agencies
    • Collaboration with regional organizations (SAARC and ASEAN), and NGOs and bilateral donors in support of national governments
    • High Level Meeting on Food Security for All Madrid (Spain) 26-27 January 2009 to review progress since June Conference and agree on future priorities
    FAO Initiative on Soaring Food Prices Modalities of ISFP Response 22
  • FAO ISFP in Asia & the Pacific Region 26
    • 7 interagency assessment missions (identification of needs; proposals for contribution to national action plans)
    • Input supply, technical and policy assistance taking place in 17 countries
    • Regional brainstorming at RAP – 25 April 2008
    • Two regional TCP projects
    • Three country projects (Afghanistan, Nepal and Pakistan) completed for EC Food Facility
    FAO ISFP - Asia and Pacific Region 26
    • “ Regional Support to Alleviate the Impact of Soaring Food Prices on Most Affected Vulnerable Farming Populations of Asia – Pacific Region” (TCP/RAS/3204 - $458,000 – 1 year)
    • “ Monitoring Food Market Development as Rapid Response to ISFP Implementation” (Regional TCP Facility $94,340 – 10 months)
    FAO IFSP - Asia and Pacific Region 32
  • Regional Support to ISFP activities at the country level (TCP/RAS/3204)
    • Objectives
    • Support countries to increase agricultural production through enhanced supply of inputs, while ensuring timeliness, full transparency, quality of inputs and access to those most in need;
    • Assist countries in setting up effective monitoring and evaluation mechanisms to assess the impact of activities to address the soaring food prices situation;
    • Support inter-agency assessments at the national level on the impact of the food crisis, the development of country action plans and the detailed formulation of recommended projects;
    • Provide coordination services at regional/subregional level; identify scope for synergy, lessons learned and potential for upgrading and further development of national initiatives; and
    • Strengthen regional and subregional organizations to better address and monitor the food security situation in the region.
  • Regional Support to ISFP activities at the country level (TCP/RAS/3204)
    • Activities
    • Technical support and supervision missions
    • Regional workshop
    • Mission to assess implementation and follow-up programming
    • Project implementation support – Timor Leste
    • Technical and operational support
  • Monitoring Food Market Development and Rapid Response to ISFP Implementation – TCP Facility
    • Objectives
    • To monitor the dynamic changes in the food markets (price fluctuations, market conditions, policy actions, etc.) in the Asia Pacific Region;
    • To provide periodic analyses of important market and policy issues related to food security in RAP member countries in order to assist policy makers in decision‑making; and
    • To continue the wide dissemination (website, email) of market information and analysis through the “Asia Pacific Food Situation Update” (APFSU) to governments, embassies, international organizations, related institutions.
  • Monitoring Food Market Development and Rapid Response to ISFP Implementation – TCP Facility
    • Activities/ Outputs
    • A network of trade and market correspondents in selected countries.
    • A database of food and input prices (both domestic and international)
    • A monthly newsletter with analysis of international and domestic food prices, indicators and any changes relating to food/agriculture market and policy for stakeholders’ decision-making.
  • FAO’s collaboration with regional organizations: ISFP and beyond
  • Regional strategies and programmes
    • Partnership with the SAARC Secretariat
    • Process of formulating regional strategies
      • RTWG and NTWG
      • Country Position papers for seven countries
      • Synthesis and further consultations
      • Identification of Project ideas
      • Development of Project Concept Notes
      • Colombo Summit declaration on food security
      • Conference involving development partners
  • Proposed Areas for Regional Cooperation in SAARC
    • Prevention of pre and post harvest losses, through appropriate interventions, and value chain development
    B. Pre and Post-Harvest Loss Reduction and Value Chain Management
    • Enhancing productivity of small farmers in marginal and unfavorable areas / regions
    • Enhancing and sustaining production and productivity in favourable areas
    • Technical and policy support towards conservation and efficient use of land, water and bio-diversity resources
    • Promoting rational/balanced use of agricultural inputs (fertilizer, agro-chemicals)
    A. Productivity, Sustainability and Income Enhancement Identified Priority Projects Broad Clusters of PCNs
  • Identified Priority Projects Broad Clusters of PCNs Support /assistance for capacity-building in analysis and formulation of agricultural trade policies for ensuring food security D. Agricultural Trade and Marketing for Food Security
    • Development / Updating of national SPS Standards in line with CODEX
    • Development/up-gradation of Accredited Laboratories in SAARC Region
    • Institutionalization of a SAARC mechanism/ network on control of Trans-Boundary Plant and Fish Diseases
    • Support/assistance in capacity-building in the areas of food safety, quality and standards
    C. Ensuring Bio-Security
    • Proposed Areas for Regional Cooperation in ASEAN
    • ASEAN Integrated Food Security (AIFS) Framework
    • Strategic Plan of Action on ASEAN Food Security (SPA-FS)
    • Convergence Matrix to align CFA Outcomes and Activities/ Sub-Activities under ASEAN SPA-FS
    • Planned Regional Conference
  • THANK YOU 43