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ISFP Presentation FAO APR Workshop March 2009
 

ISFP Presentation FAO APR Workshop March 2009

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    ISFP Presentation FAO APR Workshop March 2009 ISFP Presentation FAO APR Workshop March 2009 Presentation Transcript

    • P.K. Mudbhary Chief, Policy Assistance Branch FAO Regional Office for Asia and the Pacific 1 Workshop and Advanced Briefing for FAO Representatives 2- 6 February 2009 Bangkok, Thailand FAO’s Initiative on Soaring Food Prices in Asia and the Pacific
    • PRESENTATION OUTLINE
      • Food prices and government response in Asia
      • FAO’s response – the Initiative on Soaring Food Prices (ISFP)
      • FAO ISFP in Asia & the Pacific
      • FAO’s collaboration with regional organizations: ISFP and beyond
      2
      • Food prices and government response in Asia
    • Selected cereal prices in Asia 14
        • Reduced food tariffs and taxes
        • Subsidized food prices and expanded safety net programs
        • Released stock and increased food import
        • Imposed export control
        • Supported input distribution, etc.
      • The measures were short-term and costly
        • High budgetary and foreign exchange cost
        • Measures prevented high prices from being transmitted to farmers
      • Structural and long-term challenges remain unaddressed
      Governments responded to high prices with different measures 16
    • Major policy responses to high prices in Asian countries 15
    • FAO’S response - the Initiative on Soaring Food Prices (ISFP) 17
      • OBJECTIVES
      • increase food availability
      • boost smallholder productivity
      • contribute to longer-term food security by addressing underlying drivers of the crisis
      FAO Initiative on Soaring Food Prices (Launched in December 2007 and fully expanded after the High-level conference to translate the commitments into action) 19
      • FEATURES
      • partnership
      • country driven
      • catalytic
      • diversified
      • targets smallholders
      • tests best approaches
      FAO Initiative on Soaring Food Prices 20
      • estimated global need through 2009: US$ 1.7 billion
      • ISFP financing as of 19 January 2009:
        • Total funds received:101.9 million (including 35.9 million FAO funds)
        • Agreements signed: 41.2 million
        • Projects in pipeline: 72 million
      • Main sources:
        • FAO Technical Cooperation Projects
        • Donors: Austria, EC, Haiti, multilateral, Netherlands, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Tajikistan, UK,, Italy, Japan, Sierra Leone, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Tajikistan, UNDP, UNOCHA, World Bank
      • EC food facility for response to food crisis
        • FAO is implementing agency for 12 countries, three from Asia, during the first phase
      FAO Initiative on Soaring Food Prices FINANCING 21
      • inter-agency assessment missions
      • country action plans:
      FAO Initiative on Soaring Food Prices MAIN ACTION ELEMENTS
      • input supply (seeds, fertilizer, etc.)
      • small-scale irrigation
      • linking farmers with markets
      • reducing crop losses
      • supportive policies
      22
      • UN Secretary-General established UN High-Level Task Force on Food Security Crisis (April 2008): a unified response
      • The Task Force produced Comprehensive Framework for Action (CFA), a global strategy and action plan with major FAO contributions (July 2008), which has two objectives:
        • Improve access to food and nutrition support and take immediate steps to increase food availability,
        • Strengthen food and nutrition security in the long-run by addressing underlying factors driving food crisis
      • Inter-agency cooperation between FAO –World Bank, ADB, EC and other UN agencies
      • Collaboration with regional organizations (SAARC and ASEAN), and NGOs and bilateral donors in support of national governments
      • High Level Meeting on Food Security for All Madrid (Spain) 26-27 January 2009 to review progress since June Conference and agree on future priorities
      FAO Initiative on Soaring Food Prices Modalities of ISFP Response 22
    • FAO ISFP in Asia & the Pacific Region 26
      • ACHIEVEMENTS AND ACTIVITIES TO DATE
      • 7 interagency assessment missions (identification of needs; proposals for contribution to national action plans)
      • Input supply, technical and policy assistance taking place in 17 countries
      • Regional brainstorming at RAP – 25 April 2008
      • Two regional TCP projects
      • Three country projects (Afghanistan, Nepal and Pakistan) completed for EC Food Facility
      FAO ISFP - Asia and Pacific Region 26
      • REGIONAL TCP PROJECTS
      • “ Regional Support to Alleviate the Impact of Soaring Food Prices on Most Affected Vulnerable Farming Populations of Asia – Pacific Region” (TCP/RAS/3204 - $458,000 – 1 year)
      • “ Monitoring Food Market Development as Rapid Response to ISFP Implementation” (Regional TCP Facility $94,340 – 10 months)
      FAO IFSP - Asia and Pacific Region 32
    • Regional Support to ISFP activities at the country level (TCP/RAS/3204)
      • Objectives
      • Support countries to increase agricultural production through enhanced supply of inputs, while ensuring timeliness, full transparency, quality of inputs and access to those most in need;
      • Assist countries in setting up effective monitoring and evaluation mechanisms to assess the impact of activities to address the soaring food prices situation;
      • Support inter-agency assessments at the national level on the impact of the food crisis, the development of country action plans and the detailed formulation of recommended projects;
      • Provide coordination services at regional/subregional level; identify scope for synergy, lessons learned and potential for upgrading and further development of national initiatives; and
      • Strengthen regional and subregional organizations to better address and monitor the food security situation in the region.
    • Regional Support to ISFP activities at the country level (TCP/RAS/3204)
      • Activities
      • Technical support and supervision missions
      • Regional workshop
      • Mission to assess implementation and follow-up programming
      • Project implementation support – Timor Leste
      • Technical and operational support
    • Monitoring Food Market Development and Rapid Response to ISFP Implementation – TCP Facility
      • Objectives
      • To monitor the dynamic changes in the food markets (price fluctuations, market conditions, policy actions, etc.) in the Asia Pacific Region;
      • To provide periodic analyses of important market and policy issues related to food security in RAP member countries in order to assist policy makers in decision‑making; and
      • To continue the wide dissemination (website, email) of market information and analysis through the “Asia Pacific Food Situation Update” (APFSU) to governments, embassies, international organizations, related institutions.
    • Monitoring Food Market Development and Rapid Response to ISFP Implementation – TCP Facility
      • Activities/ Outputs
      • A network of trade and market correspondents in selected countries.
      • A database of food and input prices (both domestic and international)
      • A monthly newsletter with analysis of international and domestic food prices, indicators and any changes relating to food/agriculture market and policy for stakeholders’ decision-making.
    • FAO’s collaboration with regional organizations: ISFP and beyond
    • Regional strategies and programmes
      • Partnership with the SAARC Secretariat
      • Process of formulating regional strategies
        • RTWG and NTWG
        • Country Position papers for seven countries
        • Synthesis and further consultations
        • Identification of Project ideas
        • Development of Project Concept Notes
        • Colombo Summit declaration on food security
        • Conference involving development partners
    • Proposed Areas for Regional Cooperation in SAARC
      • Prevention of pre and post harvest losses, through appropriate interventions, and value chain development
      B. Pre and Post-Harvest Loss Reduction and Value Chain Management
      • Enhancing productivity of small farmers in marginal and unfavorable areas / regions
      • Enhancing and sustaining production and productivity in favourable areas
      • Technical and policy support towards conservation and efficient use of land, water and bio-diversity resources
      • Promoting rational/balanced use of agricultural inputs (fertilizer, agro-chemicals)
      A. Productivity, Sustainability and Income Enhancement Identified Priority Projects Broad Clusters of PCNs
    • Identified Priority Projects Broad Clusters of PCNs Support /assistance for capacity-building in analysis and formulation of agricultural trade policies for ensuring food security D. Agricultural Trade and Marketing for Food Security
      • Development / Updating of national SPS Standards in line with CODEX
      • Development/up-gradation of Accredited Laboratories in SAARC Region
      • Institutionalization of a SAARC mechanism/ network on control of Trans-Boundary Plant and Fish Diseases
      • Support/assistance in capacity-building in the areas of food safety, quality and standards
      C. Ensuring Bio-Security
      • Proposed Areas for Regional Cooperation in ASEAN
      • ASEAN Integrated Food Security (AIFS) Framework
      • Strategic Plan of Action on ASEAN Food Security (SPA-FS)
      • Convergence Matrix to align CFA Outcomes and Activities/ Sub-Activities under ASEAN SPA-FS
      • Planned Regional Conference
    • THANK YOU www.fao.org/isfp 43