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Word Final Project Word Final Project Document Transcript

  • The Declaration of Independence and theEvents that Led Up to It. Darcie-Lynne Chidester 2/27/2012 Computer Essentials: Word Final Project
  • The Declaration of Independence and the Events that Led Up to It There were many changes that took place from events that occurred in theAmericancolonist’s lives from 1763 to 1776 that led to the Declaration of Independence.During these thirteen years many disputes took place between British government andAmerican colonists. From these events the colonists finally wrote a letter (titled,Declaration of Independence) to the British Government (King and Parliament) thatstated the rights of the people. It was signed on July 4, 1776Declaring Independence ofAmerica.TREATY OF PARIS This very long dispute started with the Treaty of Paris 1763 which granted Britaina great deal of valuable North American land. American colonist wanted to settle west ofthe Appellation Mountains but the British did not want the American colonist to do thatbecause it would upset the French and Native Americans. The Proclamation of 1763 wasissued; this was a document stating that the colonist could settle on the boundaries of thethirteen colonies. This started the many events in which the British government’s actionsand intent were misunderstood and disregarded by the American colonists(U.S. History:The Proclomation of 1763).THE TEA ACT The next event that occurred was thatBritish government started taxing theAmerican colonists without representation. The American colonists interpreted this as aviolation of their rights; they did not believe that it was fair to be taxed without theirconsent. This dispute led to the Stamp Act of 1766,which was a document stating that 1
  • everything taxed had to be stamped on legal paper to show proof of payment. After theStamp Act,parliament issued the Declaratory Act and after the Declaratory Act theTownshend Act took place.THE BOSTON MASSACRE The next event to take place was the Boston Massacre (March 5, 1770). TheBoston Massacre led the Parliament to concede on the issue of taxation and allTownshend were repealed except the tax on tea. The Boston Massacre taught Americancolonists that the British government would use any and all force to keep them in line. Another event that took place after the Boston Massacre was the Tea Act(1773),which was a law, passed stating that tea must be taxed. Colonist reacted to the Tea Act bystorming ships one night and dumping all of the tea into the water before the tax could becollected.THE INTOLERABLE ACTS After the Boston Tea Party the British government was tired of the colonist’sactions so they passed the Intolerable Acts which were a collection of two acts:  Coercive  Quebec Act The American colonists were not pleased about the Intolerable Acts and thoughtthat it was pushing things too far,so they held a meeting in Philadelphia called the FirstContinental Congress. 2
  • THE AMERICAN REVOLUTION The first few battles of the American Revolution that took place before theDeclaration of Independence were; The Battle of Lexington and Concord, The Siege ofFort Ticonderoga, The Battle of Chelsea Creek, The Battle of Bunker Hill, The Battle ofQuebec. The Battle of Lexington and Concord was the first military engagement of theAmerican Revolution War. This battle marked the outbreak of open armed conflictbetween the Kingdom of Great Britain and the thirteen colonies(Davidson, 2012). The Battle of Bunker Hill is one of the most important colonial victories in theU.S. War for Independence(The American Revolution: Battles). This battle made boththe British and Colonist realize that this was not going to be a matter decided on by onequick and decisive battle.The Battle The Date Located AtThe Battle of Lexington & 4/19/1775 Lexington & Concord,Concord MassachusettsThe Siege of Fort 5/10/1775 Fort Ticonderoga, NewTiconderoga YorkThe Battle of Chelsea Creek 5/27/1775 Suffolk County, MassachusettsThe Battle of Bunker Hill 6/16/1775 Charlestown, MassachusettsThe Battle of Quebec 12/31/1775 Quebec City, Province of Quebec 3
  • THE DECLARATION OF INDEPENDENCE Richard Henry Lee introduced a resolution to the Congress that declared thethirteen colonies “free and independent” states. The congress did not immediately act onthis resolution. Benjamin Franklin, John Adams, Thomas Jefferson, and a few otherpeople choose the wording of the document. The declaration is divided into three parts: 1. A simple statement of intent. 2. A list of grievances and why the colonies wanted independence. 3. The closing paragraph which officially dissolves ties with Britain. 4
  • This document was signed on July 4, 1776,declaring the thirteen colonies free from the British Empire. 5
  • BibliographyDavidson, D. H. (2012). Experiencing History: Interpreting Americas Past. McGraw Hill.The American Revolution: Battles. (n.d.). Retrieved February 28, 2012, from The American Revolution: http://www.theamericanrevolution.org/battles.aspxU.S. History: The Proclomation of 1763. (n.d.). Retrieved January 28, 2012, from U.S. History: http://www.ushistory.org/us/9a.asp 6