Set IV - D Varieties of English
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Set IV - D Varieties of English

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Set IV - D Varieties of English Set IV - D Varieties of English Document Transcript

  • Instituto de Estudios Superiores Belén PROFESORADO EN INGLÉS Historia de la Lengua Inglesa 1 VARIETIES OF ENGLISH SET IV: MODERN ENGLISH (1500 - PRESENT DAY) AND AFTER In the same way as our Spanish language is not the same in Spain or in Mexico or here in Argentina, English also differs from one place or country to another. PROCEDENCE Look at these pictures. Do you know the name of these famous English-speaking people? Where are they from?
  • Instituto de Estudios Superiores Belén PROFESORADO EN INGLÉS Historia de la Lengua Inglesa 2 Although all the three people in the pictures (the Queen, Kylie Minogue, and Usain Bolt) , they speak it very differently. Why? Because they use a variety of English. So, we can say that people (AmE), those in Australia ). Virtually all countries where English is spoken have their own variety. Varieties of English are the different kinds of English spoken around the world whether a first or second language. That is to say that there are differences in pronunciation, grammar, vocabulary and so on, b y j “ .” Sometimes these are very closely related but other times they can be very different. Nevertheless the variations, most English speakers can understand each other, but there can be occasional problems. In addition, each main variety of English has sub-varieties or regional variations. For example, within the British English variety we have: Cockney, Essex English, Geordie and so on, not to mention Scottish English, Welsh English and Irish English. There are also socio-economic varieties of English. The Queen speaks Received Pronunciation which is very different from the Black English spoken in America, for example. For more information on the varieties of English, you can read the PDF file titled: “Set IV – D1 All kinds of English” WHAT VARIETY TO TEACH? With such a huge variety of English, you as a future teacher may want to know which one is more proper to teach. Around the world, different countries prefer their teachers to teach some specific variety of English. Often the reason for this is historical and political. As a rough guide, you should know that , , Africa and the Middle East, while , .
  • Instituto de Estudios Superiores Belén PROFESORADO EN INGLÉS Historia de la Lengua Inglesa 3 Now, which variety of English will you use in classroom and teach to your pupils? Think about this question and answer it at the forum in the campus. ENGLISH IN AMERICA Of all the varieties of English, the most spread and used one is AmE. Can you think about the reasons why this happens? Now look at the following paragraph and then read it out aloud: Here is the same text read aloud first by a British English speaker and then an American English speaker. Listen as many times as you need and note differences in pronunciation that you observe, focusing on the underlined words. “I WAS READING IN A MAGAZINE THE OTHER DAY ABOUT HOW COMMON OBESITY IS NOW. SOME NEW RESEARCH HAS FOUND THAT OVER FORTY PERCENT OF THE POPULATION IS OVERWEIGHT. MOST PEOPLE IN THE SURVEY SAID THEY’D RATHER DRIVE THAN WALK, AND THAT IT'S BETTER TO SPEND LEISURE TIME AT HOME THAN OUTSIDE. THAT'S UNDERSTANDABLE IN THE WINTER, I GUESS, BUT SURELY EVERYONE CAN BUILD SOME EXERCISE INTO THEIR DAILY SCHEDULE?”
  • Instituto de Estudios Superiores Belén PROFESORADO EN INGLÉS Historia de la Lengua Inglesa 4 Now, let us read the text “Set IV – D2 English in America” and answer these questions: 1. What did G.B Shaw say in 1942? What did he mean by saying that? 2. What happened in 1607? 3. What happened between 1619 and 1865? 4. What happened in America during the 17th , 18th , 19th and 20th centuries? 5. What did the first English settlers do? 6. What are the main difference between AmE and BrE explained by the text? 7. Did AmE borrow words from newcomers? Why? 8. What role did African-American play? 9. W w N W b F ’ b ? 10.How does American English influence the world? ACTIVITIES A. Remember to take part of the Forum in the Campus providing your answer for: “which variety of English will you use in classroom and teach to your pupils?” B. Complete the answers to the Questionnaire about “English in America” IMAGE SOURCE 1. “Queen Elizabeth II”: 12/10/2012 16:39 from http://www.kitesurf22.com/kitesurf/shapeur7_files/10%20copie.jpg. 2. “Kylie Minogue”: 12/10/2012 16:39 from http://www.fond- ecran.net/fonds/kylieminogue_015.jpg. 3. “Usain Bolt”: 12/10/2012 16:46, from http://www.eldiariodecarlospaz.com/foto_noti/bolt.jpg 4. “English Speaking Countries”: 12/10/2012 17:28 from http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/f/f0/Anglosphere_map.png. 5. “American English”: Accessed 12/10/2012 17:58 from https://lh3.ggpht.com/T_owmaMocaJMRnLEmz8xohGtsHtYJZXoeRIpMqBFhVKGZygeXrgRZ7T duhbnVP_AuksI=s129
  • Instituto de Estudios Superiores Belén PROFESORADO EN INGLÉS Historia de la Lengua Inglesa 5 SOURCES  HEWINGS, Martin: English Pronunciation in Use - Advance. 2th Edition, Cambridge University Press, England - 2005. pp. 8 – 11  VINEY, Brigit: The History of the English Language. Oxford Bookworms Factfiles, Oxford University Press, England - 2003. pp. 39 – 51