South West Australia: Creating A Waterwise Mediterranean Garden - Water Corporation
creating a south westwaterwisemediterranean garden The information in this brochure is tailored to the South West. This covers the Perth Metropolitan, Peel, South West and Great Southern Regions - including Perth, Albany and Esperance.The southern half of Western Australia experiences cool, • Spongelite and zeolite (all soil types).wet winters and long hot dry summers. Our climate is very • ater storage polymers sold as granules or Wsimilar to that of many countries surrounding the in sealed bags.Mediterranean Sea, where gardeners have been practicingtheir art for centuries, developing distinctive styles of mulchinggarden to suit the climate and soils. A Mediterranean style Bare soil encourages weeds, wastes water and increasesgarden fits in well in WA, with the added bonus for the stress upon plants. A waterwise mulch spread to a depthgardener of being able to choose from a very wide range of 5 to 10cm will reduce evaporation from the soil surface.of plants from both the Mediterranean area, as well as our It will also prevent erosion, reduce weeds, reduceown native flora. What’s right for you will depend on the temperature fluctuation in the soil, slowly break downsize and style of your garden and the overall effect you over time to feed the soil and improve the overallwant to achieve. For your Mediterranean garden to be appearance of the garden. A good waterwise mulch issuccessful and rewarding you will need to carry out soil one that has large, chunky pieces that hold little, if any,improvement prior to planting, mulch after planting, water. Always keep mulch just clear of stems and trunksand install an efficient irrigation system. and be prepared to spread more mulch over the surface as the material breaks down to feed the soil.soil improvementSoil improvement should be carried out prior to planting. irrigationThe best soil improver is organic matter. It dramatically The most efficient irrigation systems are those that deliverincreases the moisture and nutrient holding capacity of the right amount of water to the right place, at the rightsandy soil and encourages the all important soil micro time, with minimal wastage. The simplest and mostfauna that are vital for healthy plant growth. efficient system available to the home gardener is knownImproving the soil is a simple process: variously as sub-irrigation, integrated dripper or in-line dripper. It is simple to install and delivers water directly• ig a hole 25 to 30cm deep and, at a minimum, D to the root system with little or no evaporative loss. 3 times the width of the pot. The wider the better. For further information and expert assistance with• Replace half the soil with organic matter. irrigation, contact either your local Waterwise Garden• ix thoroughly and replace in the hole in a shallow M Irrigator or Waterwise Irrigation Design Shop. saucer shape.• ake the plant out of the pot and place in the bottom T hydrozoning of the saucer. Hydrozoning is grouping plants with similar water needs together in an effort to be more water efficient. This is• Water in well, applying a wetting agent if necessary. one of the most important tools to conserve water in the• rganic matter can be purchased as compost, O garden, and help save you money. You can choose plants soil improver or soil conditioner. to suit your garden and region with our Waterwise PlantsIn addition to organic matter, the following can also for WA online directory.be incorporated into the soil at planting time: Your local Waterwise Garden Centre can also assist with• Bentonite clay (sandy soils only). plant selection and watering needs.• Gypsum (reactive clay soils only). To find out your watering days visit our website.watercorporation.com.au
how to design a waterwise mediterranean garden Garage High wall Ct Residence Ld By Salg Fruit Trees Path underplanted Leb Ar with Herbs Courtyard Ec DrivewayLag Sals Sis Council footpath legend Hydrozone 1 Ery Hydrozone 2 LawnFront Hydrozone 3Verge (including vegetables, herbs fruit trees) Lawn Street Tree. Refer to your local Leh council verge policy Designs provided by Josh Byrne Associates plant species www.joshbyrne.com.au Abrv Common Name Botanical Name Abrv Common Name Botanical Name Ground Covers Salg Salvia ‘Crimson and Black’ Salvia greggi Ct Snow in Summer Cerastium tomentosum Sals Salvia ‘Electric Blue’ Salvia sinaloensis Leh Red Lechenaultia Lechenaultia hirsuta* Grasses/Strappy Leaf Plants Leb Blue Lechenaultia Lechenaultia biloba* By Mexican Lily Beschorneria yuccoides Shrubs Sis Devon Skies Sisyrinchium ‘Devon Skies’* Coc Blue Smoke Bush Conospermum Trees (Prostrate form) caeruleum*∆ Ery Coral Tree Erythrina indica Ar Wormwood Artemesia absinthium Lag Crepe Myrtle Lagerstromia indica Ec Pride of Madeira Echium candicans Ld Upside-down Bush Leptosema davesioides * These species are endemic to WA ∆ Optional Species (not included in illustration) more information For professional advice, visit our website to find a Waterwise Specialist near you. They include Garden Designers, Garden Centres, Garden Irrigators, Irrigation Design Shops, Landscapers, Lawnmowing Contractors, Plumbers and Water Auditors. Waterwise Specialists have been trained especially to help you save water by providing specialist advice on waterwise products and services for your home and garden. Look for the Waterwise Approved and Smart Approved WaterMark symbols when choosing gardening products such as mulch, plants, greywater systems and sprinklers. 13 10 39 Waterwise Helpline watercorporation.com.au ISBN 1 74043 481 1 December 2011 This information is available in alternative formats on request.