Escuela Normal Superior del Distrito de Barranquilla Plan clase Ingles: Daniela Castilla Ibarra Tema: Chínese New Year. Curso: 11° B
Class Plan IDENTIFICATION Escuela Normal Superior del Distrito de Barranquilla Level Education: 5° grade Grade: 11B Teacher in Training: Daniela Patricia Castilla Ibarra. Advisory Teacher: Analida Carvajal AREA OF KNOWLEDGE Topic: Chinese New Year Project: Teach about the other cultures of the world to children. Theme Generator: “Chinese New Year”
Competitions and Stantdars: · Know, the Chinese New Year as a festival in the world. · Know that traditions are usually on t Achievenments: · Getting children to show interest in class. · Ensure that classes are more didactic, to retain the attention of child Indicator of achievenments: That children learn the importance of the festivities over the world to other cultures
Chínese New Year Chinese New Year – oftencalledChinese Lunar New Yearalthoughitactuallyislunisolar,– isthemostimportant of thetraditionalChineseholidays. Itisanall East and South-East-Asia celebration and thecorrectnamingishence "Asian New Year". In China itisknown as "Spring Festival," the literal translation of theChinesename春节 (Pinyin: ChūnJié), owingtothedifferencebetween Western and traditionalChinesemethodsforcomputingtheseasons. Itmarkstheend of thewinterseason, analogoustothe Western carnival.
The festival begins on the first day of the first month (Chinese: 正月; pinyin: ZhēngYuè) in the traditional Chinese calendar and ends with Lantern Festival which is on the 15th day. Chinese New Year's Eve, a day where Chinese families gather for their annual reunion dinner, is known as ChúXī (除夕) or "Eve of the Passing Year."Chinese New Year is the longest and most important festivity in the Chinese Lunisolar Calendar. The origin of Chinese New Year is itself centuries old and gains significance because of several myths and traditions
Ancient Chinese New Year is a reflection on how the people behaved and what they believed in the most. Chinese New Year is celebrated in countries and territories with significant Chinese populations, such as Mainland China, Hong Kong, Indonesia, Tibet, Macau, Malaysia, Philippines, Singapore, Taiwan, Thailand, and also in Chinatowns elsewhere. Chinese New Year is considered a major holiday for the Chinese and has had influence on the new year celebrations of its geographic neighbors, as well as cultures with whom the Chinese have had extensive interaction. These include Koreans ( Seollal), and Bhutanese ( Losar ), Mongolians (TsagaanSar), Vietnamese (Tết ), and the Japanese before 1873 (Oshogatsu).
Mitology According to tales and legends, the beginning of Chinese New Year started with the fight against a mythical beast called the Nian (Chinese: 年; pinyin: nián). Nian would come on the first day of New Year to devour livestock, crops, and even villagers, especially children. To protect themselves, the villagers would put food in front of their doors at the beginning of every year. It was believed that after the Nian ate the food they prepared, it wouldn’t attack any more people. One time, people saw that the Nian was scared away by a little child wearing red. The villagers then understood that the Nian was afraid of the colour red. Hence, every time when the New Year was about to come, the villagers would hang red lanterns and red spring scrolls on windows and doors. People also used firecrackers to frighten away the Nian. From then on, Nian never came to the village again. The Nian was eventually captured by Hongjun,Laozu, an ancient Taoist monk. The Nian became HongjunLaozu's mount.
Publicholiday Chinese New Year is observed as a public holiday in a number of countries and territories where a sizable Chinese population resides. Since Chinese New Year falls on different dates on the Gregorian calendar every year on different days of the week, some of these governments opt to shift working days in order to accommodate a longer public holiday. Also like many other countries in the world, a statutory holiday is added on the following work day when the New Year falls on a weekend.
Metodologic Process: learn and have fun and learn in an educational differentiating aspects of this great festival. Evaluation Process: review of the issue shall be made by asking questions during class and also through evaluations. Teaching Material: books, charts, games, classroom workshops, activities with children. References: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chinese_New_Year