Intimate Partner Violence: STD’s in Adolescents Danielle Y. Hairston-Green Adolescent Health Educator and Training Directo...
<ul><li>Physical Violence </li></ul><ul><li>Sexual Violence </li></ul><ul><li>Psychological Violence </li></ul>Defined: pa...
Prevalence of Violence Against Women <ul><li>Globally between 10% and 69% of women report physical abuse by an intimate pa...
Prevalence of Violence Against Women cont. <ul><li>Pregnant teens experience abuse an estimated 16% to 37% of the time. (h...
The Intersection between Intimate Partner Violence and STD’s <ul><li>Direct transmission through sexual violence </li></ul...
Intersection between Intimate Partner Violence and STD’s cont. <ul><li>Intimate transmission by partnering with riskier/ol...
Common STD’s among Adolescents <ul><li>Chlamydia </li></ul><ul><li>Gonorrhea </li></ul><ul><li>Genital Herpes </li></ul><u...
Intimate Partner Violence can affect health? <ul><li>Teens who are abused are more likely to do poorly in school </li></ul...
Opportunities to address intimate partner violence in STD programming <ul><li>Behavior change communication strategies </l...
Multi-sectoral approaches to address intimate partner violence and HIV/AIDS & STD’s <ul><li>Public Awareness </li></ul><ul...
Key Messages <ul><li>Direct and Indirect mechanisms by which Intimate partner violence and infections interact </li></ul><...
Resources <ul><li>The Global Coalition on Women and Aids </li></ul><ul><li>Center for Disease Control </li></ul><ul><li>ww...
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Intimate Partner Violence

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Presentation at the Pennsylvania MidAtlantic AIDS Education and Training Center in Harrisburg PA 2008

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Intimate Partner Violence

  1. 1. Intimate Partner Violence: STD’s in Adolescents Danielle Y. Hairston-Green Adolescent Health Educator and Training Director INNOVATION EMPOWERMENT TRANSPARENCY JOY
  2. 2. <ul><li>Physical Violence </li></ul><ul><li>Sexual Violence </li></ul><ul><li>Psychological Violence </li></ul>Defined: pattern of coercive behaviors used by adults and/or Adolescents to control their partners INTIMATE PARTNER VIOLENCE
  3. 3. Prevalence of Violence Against Women <ul><li>Globally between 10% and 69% of women report physical abuse by an intimate partner. </li></ul><ul><li>Between 6% and 47% of adult women worldwide report being sexually assaulted by intimate partners in their lifetime. </li></ul><ul><li>Between 7% and 48% of girls and young women age 10-24 years report their first sexual encounter as coerced. </li></ul><ul><li>Source: WHO 2002; Garcia-Moreno and Watts 2000; Heise et al. 1999 </li></ul>
  4. 4. Prevalence of Violence Against Women cont. <ul><li>Pregnant teens experience abuse an estimated 16% to 37% of the time. (higher than estimated rate for pregnant adults) </li></ul><ul><li>In a 2001 study one in five high school females experienced physical and/or sexual abuse at the hands of a dating partner (Silverman et al.) </li></ul>
  5. 5. The Intersection between Intimate Partner Violence and STD’s <ul><li>Direct transmission through sexual violence </li></ul><ul><li>Indirect transmissions through sexual risk taking </li></ul><ul><li>Indirect transmission through inability to negotiate condom use </li></ul><ul><li>Source: Department of Gender, Women and Health </li></ul>
  6. 6. Intersection between Intimate Partner Violence and STD’s cont. <ul><li>Intimate transmission by partnering with riskier/older men </li></ul><ul><li>Violence as a consequence of being HIV positive </li></ul>
  7. 7. Common STD’s among Adolescents <ul><li>Chlamydia </li></ul><ul><li>Gonorrhea </li></ul><ul><li>Genital Herpes </li></ul><ul><li>Genital Warts (HPV)– currently a vaccine available </li></ul><ul><li>HIV- on the rise between 13-19yr olds </li></ul>
  8. 8. Intimate Partner Violence can affect health? <ul><li>Teens who are abused are more likely to do poorly in school </li></ul><ul><li>Carry the patterns of violence into adulthood </li></ul><ul><li>Engage in unhealthy behaviors like drug and alcohol use </li></ul><ul><li>Eating disorders and Depression </li></ul><ul><li>Source: www.cdc.gov/injury </li></ul>
  9. 9. Opportunities to address intimate partner violence in STD programming <ul><li>Behavior change communication strategies </li></ul><ul><li>Role of health services in addressing violence against women </li></ul><ul><li>Programs targeting gender attitudes and norms </li></ul>
  10. 10. Multi-sectoral approaches to address intimate partner violence and HIV/AIDS & STD’s <ul><li>Public Awareness </li></ul><ul><li>Economic empowerment of women and girls </li></ul><ul><li>Strengthening laws and policies </li></ul>
  11. 11. Key Messages <ul><li>Direct and Indirect mechanisms by which Intimate partner violence and infections interact </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Coercive sex poses a direct biological risk </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Negotiation of condom use </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Childhood sexual abuse; coerced sexual initiation, current partner violence. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Violence or fear of violence may deter women and girls from seeking testing and delay access to treatment </li></ul></ul>
  12. 12. Resources <ul><li>The Global Coalition on Women and Aids </li></ul><ul><li>Center for Disease Control </li></ul><ul><li>www.medscape.com </li></ul><ul><li>PA Coalition Against Domestic Violence </li></ul><ul><li>Liz Claiborne Inc. </li></ul><ul><li>Henry J. Kaiser Foundation </li></ul><ul><li>Pennsylvania Department of Health </li></ul><ul><li>Thank You! </li></ul>

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