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Intimate Partner Violence

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Presentation at the Pennsylvania MidAtlantic AIDS Education and Training Center in Harrisburg PA 2008

Presentation at the Pennsylvania MidAtlantic AIDS Education and Training Center in Harrisburg PA 2008


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  • 1. Intimate Partner Violence: STD’s in Adolescents Danielle Y. Hairston-Green Adolescent Health Educator and Training Director INNOVATION EMPOWERMENT TRANSPARENCY JOY
  • 2.
    • Physical Violence
    • Sexual Violence
    • Psychological Violence
    Defined: pattern of coercive behaviors used by adults and/or Adolescents to control their partners INTIMATE PARTNER VIOLENCE
  • 3. Prevalence of Violence Against Women
    • Globally between 10% and 69% of women report physical abuse by an intimate partner.
    • Between 6% and 47% of adult women worldwide report being sexually assaulted by intimate partners in their lifetime.
    • Between 7% and 48% of girls and young women age 10-24 years report their first sexual encounter as coerced.
    • Source: WHO 2002; Garcia-Moreno and Watts 2000; Heise et al. 1999
  • 4. Prevalence of Violence Against Women cont.
    • Pregnant teens experience abuse an estimated 16% to 37% of the time. (higher than estimated rate for pregnant adults)
    • In a 2001 study one in five high school females experienced physical and/or sexual abuse at the hands of a dating partner (Silverman et al.)
  • 5. The Intersection between Intimate Partner Violence and STD’s
    • Direct transmission through sexual violence
    • Indirect transmissions through sexual risk taking
    • Indirect transmission through inability to negotiate condom use
    • Source: Department of Gender, Women and Health
  • 6. Intersection between Intimate Partner Violence and STD’s cont.
    • Intimate transmission by partnering with riskier/older men
    • Violence as a consequence of being HIV positive
  • 7. Common STD’s among Adolescents
    • Chlamydia
    • Gonorrhea
    • Genital Herpes
    • Genital Warts (HPV)– currently a vaccine available
    • HIV- on the rise between 13-19yr olds
  • 8. Intimate Partner Violence can affect health?
    • Teens who are abused are more likely to do poorly in school
    • Carry the patterns of violence into adulthood
    • Engage in unhealthy behaviors like drug and alcohol use
    • Eating disorders and Depression
    • Source: www.cdc.gov/injury
  • 9. Opportunities to address intimate partner violence in STD programming
    • Behavior change communication strategies
    • Role of health services in addressing violence against women
    • Programs targeting gender attitudes and norms
  • 10. Multi-sectoral approaches to address intimate partner violence and HIV/AIDS & STD’s
    • Public Awareness
    • Economic empowerment of women and girls
    • Strengthening laws and policies
  • 11. Key Messages
    • Direct and Indirect mechanisms by which Intimate partner violence and infections interact
      • Coercive sex poses a direct biological risk
      • Negotiation of condom use
      • Childhood sexual abuse; coerced sexual initiation, current partner violence.
      • Violence or fear of violence may deter women and girls from seeking testing and delay access to treatment
  • 12. Resources
    • The Global Coalition on Women and Aids
    • Center for Disease Control
    • www.medscape.com
    • PA Coalition Against Domestic Violence
    • Liz Claiborne Inc.
    • Henry J. Kaiser Foundation
    • Pennsylvania Department of Health
    • Thank You!