Characteristics of Effective Peer Education Programs


Published on

My Presentation at the 2009 Alliance National Conference in Houston Texas. Co-Facilitator: Tyrell Hairston-Green

  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Total views
On SlideShare
From Embeds
Number of Embeds
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Characteristics of Effective Peer Education Programs

  1. 1. Characteristics of Effective Peer Education Programs Danielle Y. Hairston-Green Internal Business Consultant INNOVATION EMPOWERMENT TRANSPARENCY JOY
  2. 2. What is Peer Education? <ul><li>Peer education is the process whereby well-trained and motivated young people undertake informal or organized educational activities with their peers. These activities, occurring over an extended period of time, are aimed at developing young people’s knowledge, attitudes, beliefs, and skills and at enabling them to be responsible for an to protect their own health. </li></ul>
  3. 3. The Rationale for Peer Education <ul><li>Teenagers receive most of their information…from other youth </li></ul><ul><li>Peers provide a stabilizing influence </li></ul><ul><li>Peer based interventions decrease the incidence of risky behavior </li></ul><ul><li>Peer Educators were more effective in encouraging the use of condoms </li></ul><ul><li>Social Learning Theory </li></ul>
  4. 4. Peer Education and Behavior Change Theories <ul><li>The Theory of Reasoned Action </li></ul><ul><li>The Social Learning Theory </li></ul><ul><li>The Diffusion of Innovations Theory </li></ul><ul><li>The Theory of Participatory Education </li></ul><ul><li>The Health Belief Model </li></ul><ul><li>Social Ecological Model for Health Promotions </li></ul><ul><li>IMBR model </li></ul>
  5. 5. Standards for Peer Education Programs- Checklist <ul><li>Planning </li></ul><ul><li>Recruitment and Retention </li></ul><ul><li>Training and Supervision </li></ul><ul><li>Management and Oversight </li></ul>
  6. 6. Planning <ul><li>Stakeholders </li></ul><ul><li>Active Participation of Youth </li></ul><ul><li>Consider Issues </li></ul><ul><li>Refine Objectives </li></ul><ul><li>Identify Audience </li></ul><ul><li>Identify need </li></ul><ul><li>Identify resources </li></ul><ul><li>Develop a work plan </li></ul><ul><li>Develop a monitoring evaluation plan </li></ul><ul><li>Feedback Mechanisms </li></ul><ul><li>Coordinate linkage with other programs </li></ul><ul><li>Sustainability Plan </li></ul>
  7. 7. Recruitment <ul><li>Identify channels to recruit peer educators </li></ul><ul><li>Criteria? </li></ul><ul><li>Clear Expectations </li></ul><ul><li>Standardized interview </li></ul>
  8. 8. Retention <ul><li>Document expectations </li></ul><ul><li>Establish means for continuous communication </li></ul><ul><li>Incentive System </li></ul><ul><li>Supervisory and mentoring system </li></ul><ul><li>Offer opportunities for increasing involvement and responsibility </li></ul>
  9. 9. Training <ul><li>Qualified trainers </li></ul><ul><li>Training Curriculum </li></ul><ul><li>Size of Group </li></ul><ul><li>Structure agenda and time to meet training needs </li></ul><ul><li>Provide materials and handouts </li></ul><ul><li>Use interactive, participatory, and skills development approaches </li></ul><ul><li>Evaluation tool </li></ul><ul><li>Ethical issues? </li></ul><ul><li>Youth at all stages </li></ul>
  10. 10. Supervision <ul><li>Arrange for Personnel </li></ul><ul><li>Well prepared peer educators </li></ul><ul><li>Reinforce motivation and ethical behavior </li></ul><ul><li>Encourage team building </li></ul><ul><li>Share responsibility with peer educators </li></ul>
  11. 11. Management and Oversight <ul><li>Compliance </li></ul><ul><li>Technical competency </li></ul><ul><li>Quality expectations of program activities </li></ul><ul><li>Effective human and financial resources </li></ul><ul><li>Decision –making process </li></ul>
  12. 12. Informal/Formal Approval Process? <ul><li>Must the board of directors or school board approve programs before they can be implemented? </li></ul><ul><li>Must the director or principal approve an idea before it can go the board of directors or school board? Is another person’s prior approval necessary? </li></ul>
  13. 13. Informal/Formal Approval Process? cont. <ul><li>If the board must approve, what is the view of the group as a whole on prevention education? </li></ul><ul><li>Is there a core group of individuals who are strongly committed to prevention education? </li></ul><ul><li>What will appeal to uncommitted members? Hard data or vision? </li></ul>
  14. 14. 10 Common Arguments Against Implementing Peer Education <ul><li>Sexuality education encourages teens to have sexual intercourse. </li></ul><ul><li>Adolescents are not at risk for developing AIDS. It’s a disease of adults. </li></ul><ul><li>Parents will not support the program. It’s too controversial. </li></ul><ul><li>The school already provides __ hours of prevention education in health classes. </li></ul><ul><li>This organization provides______ activities for youth. It is not in the business of offering other types of programs. </li></ul>
  15. 15. cont. 10 Common Arguments Against Implementing Peer Education <ul><li>The Staff is already overworked. </li></ul><ul><li>It doesn’t change behavior. </li></ul><ul><li>Teenagers cannot take on the amount of responsibility this program requires. </li></ul><ul><li>Youth aren’t interested and don’t care much about their peers. </li></ul><ul><li>Teens will not listen to other teens because they have no authority. </li></ul>
  16. 16. Adult Youth Partnership <ul><li>Peer Education must be seen as an example of a youth-adult partnership: “good peer education is indeed about young people and adults working together to achieve the goals of a program” </li></ul>
  17. 17. Spectrum of Attitudes Theory <ul><li>Youth as Objects —adults know Best! </li></ul><ul><li>Youth as Recipients – adults must help youth adapt! </li></ul><ul><li>Youth as Partners— adults respect youth! </li></ul>
  18. 18. Bull's-eye of Participation 8. Youth Initiated, Shared decisions 7. Youth initiated and directed 6. Adult Initiate, share decisions 5. Consulted and informed. 4. Assigned but not informed 3. Tokenism 2. Decoration 1. Manipulation 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8
  19. 19. Selecting Staff INTERPERSONAL SKILLS Communication Creativity Flexibility Sense of Humor Enjoy people and situations Empower youth EXPERIENCE Motivate adolescents Commitment to HIV/STI prevention Teaching Sexuality education Ability to work with youth Allow youth to make decisions KNOWLEDGE Knowledge of Adolescent Health Issues
  20. 20. Preparing Coordinator for Challenges of working with Youth <ul><li>All teens are not alike </li></ul><ul><li>Cultural Issues matter </li></ul><ul><li>Reaching members of all populations of youth is critical to being effective </li></ul><ul><li>Creating a safe and hospitable environment is essential </li></ul><ul><li>Using appropriate language can help ensure the program’s success </li></ul><ul><li>Empowering youth means assisting youth in developing their leadership skills </li></ul>
  21. 21. Finding Funding <ul><li>Local Health Care Corporation </li></ul><ul><li>Rite Aid Foundation </li></ul><ul><li>Avon Foundation </li></ul><ul><li>Tiger Woods Foundation </li></ul><ul><li>United Way </li></ul><ul><li>Elton John AIDS Foundation </li></ul><ul><li>The Gill Foundation </li></ul><ul><li>The Ittleson Foundation </li></ul><ul><li>The Magic Johnson Foundation </li></ul><ul><li>The Public Welfare Foundation </li></ul>
  22. 22. Other Possible Funding <ul><li>Other HIV/STI or prevention education programs </li></ul><ul><li>Friends and/or business associates </li></ul><ul><li>Corporate Funding sources </li></ul><ul><li>State/Federal agencies </li></ul><ul><li>Local Health Department </li></ul><ul><li>School’s </li></ul>
  23. 23. Questions! <ul><li>Family Health Council of Central Pa., Inc. </li></ul><ul><li>717-761-7380 x3075 </li></ul><ul><li>[email_address] </li></ul><ul><li>Special Recognition: </li></ul><ul><li>Thanks to Advocates For Youth </li></ul><ul><li>and </li></ul><ul><li>O2T Peer Education Program </li></ul><ul><li>& Tyrell Green </li></ul>