Prevalence of and barriers to passenger helmet use in Cambodia
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Prevalence of and barriers to passenger helmet use in Cambodia

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Co-authored by AIP Foundation, Handicap International, the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, and University Ca’ Foscari Venice ...

Co-authored by AIP Foundation, Handicap International, the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, and University Ca’ Foscari Venice

Presentation to IUHPE 21st World Conference on Health Promotion by Pagna Kim, August 2013

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  • In the event of a crash, one can reduce their chance of severe injury by 69% and risk of death by 42% through the simple act of wearing a helmet. In many countries, a motorcycle is equivalent to the family car, as the most common way to get around. Increasing helmet use, particularly in countries with a high density of motorcycles, is a critical component for reducing traffic related injuries and fatalities
  • Research suggests that universal helmet laws enforced and supported by the public can significantly increase passenger helmet use and reduce road traffic injuries. Mandatory helmet laws for adult in Vietnam resulted in a 13% reduction in the number of road traffic crashes, 12% reduction in fatalities, and 24% reduction in injuries within one year of implementation.* In Thailand, mandatory helmet legislation in Khon Kaen province led to a 40% reduction in head injuries among motorcyclists and a 24% drop in motorcyclist deaths within two years.** In Cambodia, an estimated 348 lives were saved and 1,595 serious injuries prevented in 2009 after the enactment and enforcement of motorcycle driver helmet mandate. This translates into total savings of over $33 million USD for 2009 (<$20 million USD for serious injuries
  • Significance: Less than half of adult and a third of child passengers wear helmets when traveling by motorcycle. A motorcycle helmet law requiring both drivers and passengers, including children, to wear helmets is favored by the Cambodian public as a way to increase helmet use.

Prevalence of and barriers to passenger helmet use in Cambodia Prevalence of and barriers to passenger helmet use in Cambodia Presentation Transcript

  • Prevalence of and barriers to Passenger helmet use in Cambodia Co-authored by AIP Foundation, Handicap International, the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, and University Ca’ Foscari Venice Presentation to IUHPE 21st World Conference on Health Promotion by Pagna Kim, August 2013 Centers for Disease Control and Prevention*
  • Asia Injury Prevention Foundation Image: Hosted on Flickr Mission: To provide life-saving traffic safety knowledge and skills to the developing world with the goal of preventing road traffic crash fatalities and injuries.
  • Background Research objective Methods Results What we’re doing now Presentation
  • Background
  • • In the last five years, the number of motorcycle-related fatalities in Cambodia increased by 61% • Motorcycle users make up two- thirds of road crash fatalities, three-quarters of which are the result of serious head injuries • Helmets are mandatory for drivers but not passengers • Observed helmet wearing rates for motorcycle drivers are nearly 10 times greater than for passengers • A draft passenger helmet law is under review by the Cambodian government The Problem
  • Helmets = Vaccine 69% 42% Reduces risk of severe head injury by: Reduces risk of fatality by: ↓ ↓ Appropriate Helmet Use
  • Cambodia: • An estimated 348 lives were saved • 1,595 serious injuries prevented • Savings totaled $33 million USD Legislation works: Case studies Khon Kaen Province, Thailand: • Head injuries among motorcyclists decreased by 40% • Motorcycle-related deaths dropped by 24% Vietnam: • 12% reduction in fatalities • 24% decrease in injuries Universal helmet laws combined with enforcement and support by the public can significantly increase helmet use and reduce road traffic injuries
  • To determine prevalence and use of helmets among passengers, gauge barriers to passenger helmet use, and assess attitudes toward a passenger helmet law in Cambodia Research objective
  • • 806 roadside interviews with motorcyclists in three provinces • 632 household interviews with parents in two provinces Methods
  • Results
  • • 55% of motorcyclists reported to rarely or never wear a helmet as a passenger • Almost one-third of parents reported that their children never wear a helmet when riding on a motorcycle Reported helmet use
  • • Short travel distance (51% of roadside interviewees) • He/she is too young (31% of parent interviewees) Barriers to helmet use
  • Support for mandate • 98% of motorcyclists reported support for a passenger helmet legislation • 97% of parents supported a mandatory helmet law for children
  • What we’re doing now
  • Advocacy v v On January 10, 2013, AIP Foundation submitted a joint policy recommendation entitled, “motorcycle passengers, including children, must wear helmets,” to the Minister of Public Works and Transport and Chairperson of the National Road Safety Committee. AIP Foundation, the Coalition for Road Safety (CRY), and Handicap International (HI) are jointly issuing the policy recommendation.
  • Raising awareness v The policy recommendation has been: • published in leading newspapers • discussed and shared at the Radio Talk Show, National Road Safety Week, and other events
  • Thank You! AIP Foundation Headquarters 18bis/21 Nguyen Thi Minh Khai Street Da Kao Ward, District 1 Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam Website:  www.asiainjury.org AIP Foundation Cambodia Office #18BEo, Street 348 Sangkat Toul Svay Prey I, Khan Chamkamorn Phnom Penh, Kingdom of Cambodia Email: pagna.kim@aipf-cambodia.org *The findings and conclusions in this report are those of the authors and do not necessarily represent the official position of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.