Nationalism

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Nationalism during 20th century

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Nationalism

  1. 1. What is “Nationalism”? ☻It is simply…Loving the music of one’s own country. ☻Born in 19th Century
  2. 2. What is “Nationalism”? ☻It also refers to the use of musical ideas or motifs that are identified with a specific country, region, or ethnicity.
  3. 3. What is “Nationalism”? ☻Example: Hungarian Rhapsodies -Franz Liszt -to develop a "national style" of music for their homeland.
  4. 4. th 19 Century Music ☻ The 19th century was a time in which passionate nationalism was prevalent and which saw many political upheavals.
  5. 5. th 19 Century Music ☻ To do this they turned to the dances, folk songs, history, and national legends of their countries as a basis for their musical compositions.
  6. 6. th 19 Century Music ☻ Moguchaya kuchka (The Mighty Handful) - coined by Russian music critic Vladimir Stasov to describe a group of five Russian composers. style. - purpose: to compose music in a Russian
  7. 7. th 19 Century Music ☻ Moguchaya kuchka (The Mighty Handful): 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Mily Balakirev (1836–1910) , leader. César Cui (1835–1918) Modest Mussorgsky (1839–1881) Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov (1844–1908) Alexander Borodin (1833–1887) The Five felt that the folk and religious music of the Russian people should be used a basis for composition.
  8. 8. th 19 Century Music ☻Jean Sibelius Born: Hämeenlinna, December 8, 1865 Died: Järvenpää, September 20, 1957 - Finland's greatest composer - composer of seven symphonies, a violin concerto, and a number of symphonic poems. - by concentrating on Finnish legends and fiercely allying himself with Finnish nationalism, Sibelius became something of a national hero during his lifetime.
  9. 9. th 19 Century Music ☻Antonin Dvorak Born: Mühlhausen, September 8, 1841 Died: Prague, May 1, 1904 - greatest composer that Bohemia produced - Dvorák's fame as a musician spread during his lifetime throughout Europe and to America - It is in the third movements of many of his symphonies where Dvorák gives free rein to the music of his homeland, as he does in the Symphony no. 7 in D minor.
  10. 10. th 19 Century Music ☻Influence: 1. Music of Romantic Era 2. Music in this era is intense and with energy 3. Frederic Chopin 4. Poland 5. Mazurkas of Chopin 6. Czarist Russia
  11. 11. Nationalism in century th 20 ☻Characteristics: •Sudden emergence of advance technology. •The time of rise and improvement and technology.
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