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Early Explorers of America
 

Early Explorers of America

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5th grade lesson on early explorers of America and their routes

5th grade lesson on early explorers of America and their routes

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    Early Explorers of America Early Explorers of America Presentation Transcript

    • MR. GREEN’S 5 TH GRADE CLASS 5-20-2009 EARLY EXPLORERS OF AMERICA
    • MOTIVATIONS OF EARLY EXPLORERS OF AMERICA
      • DESIRE FOR GLORY
        • NATIONAL WEALTH AND TERRITORY
        • PRESTIGE FOR MONARCHS
      • POSSIBILITY OF PERSONAL WEALTH AND FAME
      • QUEST FOR WORLD KNOWLEDGE
      • DESIRE TO SPREAD CHRISTIANITY
      • COMPETITION AMONG THE POWERFUL NATIONS OF EUROPE
      • DESIRE TO FIND NEW TRADE ROUTES TO THE EAST – INCREASE PROFITS
    • CARAVEL
    •  
    •  
    •  
    • IMPROVED COMPASS
    • MAJOR NATION- STATES INVOLVED IN EXPLORATION
    • FERDINAND AND ISABELLA OF SPAIN SUPPORTED EXPLORATION AND EXPANSION
    • MAJOR EMPHASIS
      • FINDING GOLD AND SILVER
      • EXPANSION OF TRADE
      • FARMING - SUGAR PLANTATIONS
      • SOME SLAVE TRADE – LIMITED
        • Spain outlawed the slave trade in the 1700’s
      • ACTIVE IN THE SPREAD OF CHRISTIANITY-
        • JESUITS MISSIONARIES
      • ACQUISITION OF LAND-
        • NATIONAL AND PERSONAL
      • ENHANCE PERSONAL AND SOCIAL STANDING
    • ENGLAND
      • EAST COAST OF NORTH AMERICA
      • CANADA
      • INDIA
    • MAJOR EMPHASIS
      • EXPANSION OF TERRITORY
      • TRADE
      • NEW OPPORTUNITIES FOR MIDDLE CLASS
      • FLEEING RELIGIOUS PERSECUTION
    • MAJOR EUROPEAN EXPLORERS
      • MAGELLAN -first voyage to circumnavigate the globe
      • COLUMBUS -first European voyage to arrive in the New World
      • CORTEZ -conquest of the Aztec Empire in Mexico
      • PIZARRO -conquest of the Incan Empire in Peru
      • BALBOA -first to see the Pacific- crossed Panama Isthmus
      • PONCE DE LEON- explored Florida
      • CORONADO -first European to see the Grand Canyon and explore the southern US
    • MAGELLAN-PORTUGUESE
      • MAGELLAN DID NOT SURVIVE THE VOYAGE
      • OF THE 270 MEN WHO BEGAN THE VOYAGE AROUND THE GLOBE, ONLY 18 FINISHED AND RETURNED TO EUROPE
    •  
    • COLUMBUS- ITALIAN LED THREE VOYAGES TO THE NEW WORLD. HE WAS LOOKING FOR NEW TRADE ROUTES TO THE EAST INDIES
    • CORTEZ- SPANISH Looking for Gold, Workers, and Fame
    • PIZARRO- SPANISH
    • PIZARRO-CONQUEST OF THE INCAN EMPIRE IN PERU HE WAS LOOKING FOR GOLD AND FAME
    • INCAN EMPIRE IN PERU THE ANCIENT INCAN CITY OF MACHU PICCHU
    • BALBOA
      • CROSSING THE ISTHMUS OF PANAMA
      • FIRST EUROPEAN TO CROSS FROM THE ATLANTIC TO THE PACIFIC
      • LOOKING FOR A SHORTER ROUTE TO THE GOLD AND SILVER MINES OF SOUTH AMERICA
    • MINING
      • SILVER MINES
      • AT POTOSI
      • VAST AMOUNTS OF GOLD AND SILVER WERE SENT TO SPAIN FROM THE NEW WORLD
      • PRIMARY LABOR FORCE WAS THE INDIGENOUS POPULATION
    • PLANTATIONS- SUGAR BECAME A MAJOR EXPORT CROP NATIVE PEOPLES AND AFRICAN SLAVES WORKED THE FARMS AND PLANTATIONS
    • THE IMPACT OF EUROPEAN EXPANSION – AGE OF EXPLORAITON
    • ECONOMIC
      • RAPID ECONOMIC GROWTH AND AN INCREASE IN BUSINESS ACTIVITY
      • VAST AMOUNTS OF GOLD AND SILVER FLOODED INTO EUROPE
      • PRICES OF GOODS ROSE DUE TO INLFATION
      • MAJORITY OF EUROPEANS SAW LITTLE IMPROVEMENT IN THEIR STANDARD OF LIVING
    • POLITICAL
      • WESTERN EUROPE BEGAN TO DOMINATE THE GLOBE
        • NEW LANDS WERE CLAIMED AND COLONIZED
        • WESTERN POLITICAL MODELS WERE INSTALLED
      • THE RIVALRY BETWEEN THE NATION-STATES OF EUROPE INTENSIFIED
      • INTERNATIONAL TENSIONS GREW
    • RELIGIOUS
      • CHRISTIANITY SPREAD ACROSS THE GLOBE
        • THE AMERICAS
        • PARTS OF ASIA
      • CHRISTIAN MISSIONARIES WORKED TO CONVERT NATIVE POPULATIONS
        • THE JESUITS WERE VERY ACTIVE
        • STARTED MISSIONS
        • ESTABLISHED SCHOOLS
      • THE CATHOLIC CHURCH BECAME DOMINANT IN MANY COLONIAL REGIONS
      • VERY OFTEN CONVERSIONS WERE FORCED AND OR COERCED; HOWEVER, MANY TRULY CONVERTED TO CHRISTIANITY
      • CHRISTIANITY OFTEN BLENDED WITH TRADITIONAL RELIGIOUS BELIEFS AND PRACTICES
    • GLOBAL
      • MILLIONS OF AFRICANS WERE IMPORTED TO THE NEW WORLD AS SLAVES
      • ANIMALS WERE BROUGHT TO THE AMERICAS
        • HORSES AND CATTLE
      • NEW PLANTS AND CROPS WERE EXCHANGED
        • TOMATOES
        • POTATOES
        • CORN
        • ETC.
    • INDIGENOUS POPULATIONS
      • NATIVE POPULATIONS IN THE NEW WORLD WERE DECIMATED
        • ESTIMATED THAT FROM 1500-1600 THE POPULATION SHRANK FROM 20 MILLION TO 2 MILLION
        • DISEASE AND MALNUTRITION
        • WAR AND CONFLICT
        • HARSH LABOR
      • INDIGENOUS POPULATIONS MIXED WITH EUROPEANS AND AFRICANS
        • NEW CULTURAL AND RACIAL GROUPS
        • BLENDING OF CULTURES
          • LANGUAGE
          • RELIGION
          • CUSTOMS
          • MUSIC
          • ART
    • A NEW WORLD
      • EXPLORERS SHARED SOME MOTIVATIONS LIKE GOLD, GOD, AND GLORY
      • THEY BUILT ON THE DISCOVERIES OF OTHER EXPLORERS
      • WE WILL BREAK INTO GROUPS TO SHARE OUR EXPLORES INFORMATION WITH OUR CLASSMATES