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Early Explorers of America

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5th grade lesson on early explorers of America and their routes

5th grade lesson on early explorers of America and their routes

Published in: Education, Business, Travel

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  • 1. MR. GREEN’S 5 TH GRADE CLASS 5-20-2009 EARLY EXPLORERS OF AMERICA
  • 2. MOTIVATIONS OF EARLY EXPLORERS OF AMERICA
    • DESIRE FOR GLORY
      • NATIONAL WEALTH AND TERRITORY
      • PRESTIGE FOR MONARCHS
    • POSSIBILITY OF PERSONAL WEALTH AND FAME
    • QUEST FOR WORLD KNOWLEDGE
    • DESIRE TO SPREAD CHRISTIANITY
    • COMPETITION AMONG THE POWERFUL NATIONS OF EUROPE
    • DESIRE TO FIND NEW TRADE ROUTES TO THE EAST – INCREASE PROFITS
  • 3. CARAVEL
  • 4.  
  • 5.  
  • 6.  
  • 7. IMPROVED COMPASS
  • 8. MAJOR NATION- STATES INVOLVED IN EXPLORATION
  • 9. FERDINAND AND ISABELLA OF SPAIN SUPPORTED EXPLORATION AND EXPANSION
  • 10. MAJOR EMPHASIS
    • FINDING GOLD AND SILVER
    • EXPANSION OF TRADE
    • FARMING - SUGAR PLANTATIONS
    • SOME SLAVE TRADE – LIMITED
      • Spain outlawed the slave trade in the 1700’s
    • ACTIVE IN THE SPREAD OF CHRISTIANITY-
      • JESUITS MISSIONARIES
    • ACQUISITION OF LAND-
      • NATIONAL AND PERSONAL
    • ENHANCE PERSONAL AND SOCIAL STANDING
  • 11. ENGLAND
    • EAST COAST OF NORTH AMERICA
    • CANADA
    • INDIA
  • 12. MAJOR EMPHASIS
    • EXPANSION OF TERRITORY
    • TRADE
    • NEW OPPORTUNITIES FOR MIDDLE CLASS
    • FLEEING RELIGIOUS PERSECUTION
  • 13. MAJOR EUROPEAN EXPLORERS
    • MAGELLAN -first voyage to circumnavigate the globe
    • COLUMBUS -first European voyage to arrive in the New World
    • CORTEZ -conquest of the Aztec Empire in Mexico
    • PIZARRO -conquest of the Incan Empire in Peru
    • BALBOA -first to see the Pacific- crossed Panama Isthmus
    • PONCE DE LEON- explored Florida
    • CORONADO -first European to see the Grand Canyon and explore the southern US
  • 14. MAGELLAN-PORTUGUESE
    • MAGELLAN DID NOT SURVIVE THE VOYAGE
    • OF THE 270 MEN WHO BEGAN THE VOYAGE AROUND THE GLOBE, ONLY 18 FINISHED AND RETURNED TO EUROPE
  • 15.  
  • 16. COLUMBUS- ITALIAN LED THREE VOYAGES TO THE NEW WORLD. HE WAS LOOKING FOR NEW TRADE ROUTES TO THE EAST INDIES
  • 17. CORTEZ- SPANISH Looking for Gold, Workers, and Fame
  • 18. PIZARRO- SPANISH
  • 19. PIZARRO-CONQUEST OF THE INCAN EMPIRE IN PERU HE WAS LOOKING FOR GOLD AND FAME
  • 20. INCAN EMPIRE IN PERU THE ANCIENT INCAN CITY OF MACHU PICCHU
  • 21. BALBOA
    • CROSSING THE ISTHMUS OF PANAMA
    • FIRST EUROPEAN TO CROSS FROM THE ATLANTIC TO THE PACIFIC
    • LOOKING FOR A SHORTER ROUTE TO THE GOLD AND SILVER MINES OF SOUTH AMERICA
  • 22. MINING
    • SILVER MINES
    • AT POTOSI
    • VAST AMOUNTS OF GOLD AND SILVER WERE SENT TO SPAIN FROM THE NEW WORLD
    • PRIMARY LABOR FORCE WAS THE INDIGENOUS POPULATION
  • 23. PLANTATIONS- SUGAR BECAME A MAJOR EXPORT CROP NATIVE PEOPLES AND AFRICAN SLAVES WORKED THE FARMS AND PLANTATIONS
  • 24. THE IMPACT OF EUROPEAN EXPANSION – AGE OF EXPLORAITON
  • 25. ECONOMIC
    • RAPID ECONOMIC GROWTH AND AN INCREASE IN BUSINESS ACTIVITY
    • VAST AMOUNTS OF GOLD AND SILVER FLOODED INTO EUROPE
    • PRICES OF GOODS ROSE DUE TO INLFATION
    • MAJORITY OF EUROPEANS SAW LITTLE IMPROVEMENT IN THEIR STANDARD OF LIVING
  • 26. POLITICAL
    • WESTERN EUROPE BEGAN TO DOMINATE THE GLOBE
      • NEW LANDS WERE CLAIMED AND COLONIZED
      • WESTERN POLITICAL MODELS WERE INSTALLED
    • THE RIVALRY BETWEEN THE NATION-STATES OF EUROPE INTENSIFIED
    • INTERNATIONAL TENSIONS GREW
  • 27. RELIGIOUS
    • CHRISTIANITY SPREAD ACROSS THE GLOBE
      • THE AMERICAS
      • PARTS OF ASIA
    • CHRISTIAN MISSIONARIES WORKED TO CONVERT NATIVE POPULATIONS
      • THE JESUITS WERE VERY ACTIVE
      • STARTED MISSIONS
      • ESTABLISHED SCHOOLS
    • THE CATHOLIC CHURCH BECAME DOMINANT IN MANY COLONIAL REGIONS
    • VERY OFTEN CONVERSIONS WERE FORCED AND OR COERCED; HOWEVER, MANY TRULY CONVERTED TO CHRISTIANITY
    • CHRISTIANITY OFTEN BLENDED WITH TRADITIONAL RELIGIOUS BELIEFS AND PRACTICES
  • 28. GLOBAL
    • MILLIONS OF AFRICANS WERE IMPORTED TO THE NEW WORLD AS SLAVES
    • ANIMALS WERE BROUGHT TO THE AMERICAS
      • HORSES AND CATTLE
    • NEW PLANTS AND CROPS WERE EXCHANGED
      • TOMATOES
      • POTATOES
      • CORN
      • ETC.
  • 29. INDIGENOUS POPULATIONS
    • NATIVE POPULATIONS IN THE NEW WORLD WERE DECIMATED
      • ESTIMATED THAT FROM 1500-1600 THE POPULATION SHRANK FROM 20 MILLION TO 2 MILLION
      • DISEASE AND MALNUTRITION
      • WAR AND CONFLICT
      • HARSH LABOR
  • 30.
    • INDIGENOUS POPULATIONS MIXED WITH EUROPEANS AND AFRICANS
      • NEW CULTURAL AND RACIAL GROUPS
      • BLENDING OF CULTURES
        • LANGUAGE
        • RELIGION
        • CUSTOMS
        • MUSIC
        • ART
  • 31. A NEW WORLD
    • EXPLORERS SHARED SOME MOTIVATIONS LIKE GOLD, GOD, AND GLORY
    • THEY BUILT ON THE DISCOVERIES OF OTHER EXPLORERS
    • WE WILL BREAK INTO GROUPS TO SHARE OUR EXPLORES INFORMATION WITH OUR CLASSMATES

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