COLD WAR After the WWII, the alliance between the USA, theUSSR, Great Britain and France ended. At the Yalta Conference, Germany was divided intofour occupied zones controlled by Great Britain,France, the Soviet Union, and the United States. The city of Berlin, though technically part of theSoviet zone, was also split, with the Soviets takingthe eastern part of the city.
ORIGINSHistoricalresentment The Soviet Union couldnot forget that in 1918Britain and the USAhad tried to destroy theRussian Revolution. Britain and the USAcould not forget thatStalin had signed theNazi-Soviet Pact withGermany in 1939.
CAUSES The Soviet Union wanted to spread its ideology of communismworldwide The acquisition of atomic weapons by America caused fear inthe Soviets. Both countries feared an attack from each other adhering tomutual mass destruction. The Soviet Unions action of taking control over EasternEurope was a major factor for US suspicions.
The US President had a personal dislike of theSoviet leader Joseph Stalin. America was annoyed by the Soviet Unions actionsin the part of Germany it had occupied. The Soviets feared that America would use WesternEurope as a base to attack it.