The last katrina powerpoint

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The last katrina powerpoint

  1. 1. Hurricane Katrina: Effective and Ineffective Coverage of a Crisis By: Danielle Haskin, Lindsay Hurd, Ariana Katzman, Elliot Polakoff and Allison Stein
  2. 2. Reporting Prior to Katrina
  3. 3. What Does Effective/Ineffective Reporting Prior to the Crisis Do? <ul><li>Effective: </li></ul><ul><li>Explains past Hurricane damage </li></ul><ul><li>Cites reliable sources </li></ul><ul><li>Explores the construction of the levees </li></ul><ul><li>Encourages evacuation and knows that a worse storm will happen </li></ul><ul><li>Ineffective: </li></ul><ul><li>Makes the threat of hurricanes seem small </li></ul><ul><li>Happy and safe tone, focusing more on the positives aspects of the city </li></ul>
  4. 4. Prior Coverage: Effective <ul><li>Hurricane Ivan: Nature weekly journal September 23 rd , 2004 </li></ul><ul><li>-Information from Ivor van Heerden and other scientists are the main content </li></ul><ul><li>-Explains the issues with the levee construction </li></ul>
  5. 5. Prior News Coverage: Effective <ul><li>U.S News & World Report on Tropical Storm Cindy: July 18 th , 2005 </li></ul><ul><li>-Predicts a even worse storm to come </li></ul><ul><li>- “non-evacuation culture” </li></ul><ul><li>-Explains why New Orleans is vulnerable </li></ul><ul><li>Both highlight that another storm, that is even worse, is bound to happen </li></ul>
  6. 6. Prior News Coverage: Effective <ul><li>Times-Picayune: November 16 th , 2001 </li></ul><ul><li>Levee Benefits </li></ul><ul><li>Explains the cost and length project </li></ul><ul><li>Benefits and why needed </li></ul><ul><li>Vulnerabilities of the current levees </li></ul>
  7. 7. Prior News Coverage: Ineffective <ul><li>Special to The New York Times: New Orleans Journal: Aug. 30, 1992 </li></ul><ul><li>-No mention of the damage done to other cities from hurricane Andrew </li></ul><ul><li>-Main focus is Café du Monde and the French Quarter </li></ul><ul><li>-Know that a dangerous storm is coming, but nothing on what to do/could be done </li></ul>
  8. 8. Reporting DURING the Crisis (August 25-August 31 2005)
  9. 9. <ul><li>Effective Coverage: </li></ul><ul><li>-Informs citizens on how to evacuate </li></ul><ul><li>-Informs citizens outside the area about the magnitude of the hurricane and how they can help </li></ul><ul><li>-Compares Katrina to past hurricanes so citizens understand how bad a hurricane it is </li></ul><ul><li>Ineffective Coverage: </li></ul><ul><li>-Jumps to conclusion that we “dodged a bullet” with Katrina </li></ul><ul><li>-Shows images but does not give a lot of information </li></ul><ul><li>-More about getting awe out of audience for rating than about actually informing people </li></ul>
  10. 10. Effective Reporting <ul><li>NY Daily News: August 29, 2005 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Gave detailed information about evacuation plan </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Explained the potential impact Katrina could have </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Referenced old Hurricanes: Hurricane Andrew, Hurricane Camille, etc. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Gave the Hurricane scale and explained what each level actually means </li></ul></ul><ul><li>&quot;The storm surge will most likely topple our levee system,&quot; the mayor predicted grimly. That would turn New Orleans into a bowl filled with up to 35 feet of fetid water, laced with sewage, oils and toxic chemicals, that may not drain for months.” </li></ul>
  11. 11. <ul><li>PR Newswire US: August 30, 2005 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>MSNBC.com: &quot;When an event like Hurricane Katrina occurs, we want to offer our consumers a news experience with sight, sound and motion in addition to written word,&quot; said Charlie Tillinghast, General Manager and Publisher for MSNBC.com. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>They offered photo slideshows updated with photos from the day, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Interactive hurricane tracker </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Citizen journalism, which offered collected reports from citizens in the region </li></ul></ul>Effective Reporting
  12. 12. <ul><li>TWC Hurricane Katrina coverage: August 27 & 28 2005 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The Weather Channel executed effective reporting on during the hurricane by explaining what it means for the people in the region that Katrina is labeled as a category 5 hurricane and by giving information regarding the traffic as a result of the evacuation routes </li></ul></ul><ul><li>http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=AZw5HVy1x </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Lg6MhGCfPRg </li></ul>Effective Reporting
  13. 13. Ineffective Reporting <ul><li>NY TIMES: August 28, 2005 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Pictures of New Orleans Residents boarding up stores and evacuating </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>No actual information other than citizens evacuating, more about the image attracting readership then the actual content. </li></ul></ul>
  14. 14. <ul><li>NY Daily News: August 30, 2005 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Reporters from CNN such as Brian Andrews “acted like a little kid playing war games- crouching for cover behind a sidewalk mailbox , then running for shelter” (David Bianculli, Daily News ) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Anderson Cooper and Campbell Brown were standing outside as well and reported much of the same thing and looked “silly” </li></ul></ul><ul><li>CNN Coverage </li></ul><ul><ul><li>http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=c_12WDZXeys </li></ul></ul>Ineffective Reporting
  15. 15. Reporting After Katrina (August 31 st , 2005 –preset)
  16. 16. Effective Reporting After Hurricane Katrina <ul><li>Effective Journalism Tactics Included: </li></ul><ul><li>An appropriate balance between important facts and opinions </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The piece shouldn’t overload the reader with too many unnecessary facts, nor should it omit them altogether </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Including facts that fit well with opinions makes the writing more fluid and has more of an impact </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Captivating Writing </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The writer should make sure that the information is presented in a way that will interest the reader and spark a desire to learn more. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>An Opening paragraph to a NYT article: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>“ Despair, privation, and violent lawlessness grew so extreme in New Orleans on Thursday that the flooded cities mayor issued a “desperate SOS” and other local officials, describing the security situation as horrific, lambasted the federal government as responding too slowly to the disaster.” </li></ul></ul></ul>
  17. 17. Effective Reporting After Hurricane Katrina <ul><li>Effective Tactics Continued: </li></ul><ul><li>Relevant Images and Diagrams </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Diagrams </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Diagrams are an effective way to show the damage done to the city because they help the reader to understand the catastrophe differently than from a photo. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Diagrams show more technicalities and are used to explain the facts in the article. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>*http://proquest.umi.com.proxy.lib.umich.edu/pqdweb?did=1173947652&sid=1&Fmt=10&clientId=17822&RQT=309&VName=HNP </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Images </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Many images of Katrina evoke intense emotion amongst viewers: they have the power to tell an entire story. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>The image of a policeman trying to control thousands of stranded civilians helps the reader to visualize the catastrophe. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Likewise, the image of a young boy sitting on top of rubble, hand on his forehead has infinite implications for the reader. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Articles that include images or diagrams or both were more effective-- they helped make the crisis tangible to the reader. </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  18. 18. Imagery
  19. 19. Effective Reporting After Hurricane Katrina <ul><li>Effective Tactics Continued: </li></ul><ul><li>Presenting Relief Efforts </li></ul><ul><ul><li>An article that provides information on relief efforts should present clear strategies to the reader, often the use of bullets or lists with descriptions is most effective. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The article should talk to both those in need of help and those looking to provide help. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The writer should omit personal opinions from a piece that focuses on relief efforts as it should be more informative over entertaining. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>A good article written on relief efforts should not be overwhelming, often those that were more succinct were more useful to readers. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Use of Relative and Credible Sources </li></ul><ul><ul><li>It is important to include the views of other citizens when reporting a story but those who are interviewed must have a relative connection to the crisis. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>A NYT article, “ Rotting Food, Dirty Water, And Heat Add to Problems , looks to sources such as “the director of emergency management for Harrison County” as well as a doctor who directs the emergency room at an effected hospital. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>These sources make the article stronger because of their relevance to the subject. </li></ul></ul></ul>
  20. 20. <ul><li>Ineffective Reporting After the Hurricane: </li></ul><ul><li>Descriptions of the devastating aftermath of hurricane on New Orleans </li></ul><ul><li>and surrounding areas were helpful and informative to certain extent </li></ul><ul><li>-did little to create any senses of hope and optimism in various </li></ul><ul><li>communities. Same could be said of reports that focused on individuals </li></ul><ul><li>and their struggles during/after Katrina. </li></ul><ul><li>Andy Kelly’s September 6th 2005 Liverpool Daily Post article: </li></ul><ul><li>-details the personal struggles of the Scott family to survive </li></ul><ul><li>-non-stop criticism of local authorities and relief efforts </li></ul><ul><li>-near-death experiences for all individuals portrayed </li></ul><ul><li>-These article traits make Katrina’s effects seem slightly unrealistic, </li></ul><ul><li>even considering the extreme magnitude of the hurricane. </li></ul><ul><li>-misleading, only accurately depicts small area and population affected by the </li></ul><ul><li>hurricane. </li></ul><ul><li>These forms of journalism may speak to others’ cries for </li></ul><ul><li>help, but they don’t permit the casual reader to feel as associated </li></ul><ul><li>with the hurricane and its’ aftermath. </li></ul>
  21. 21. <ul><li>Ineffective Reporting Continued: </li></ul><ul><li>Necessary for post-Katrina coverage to cover most socially relevant elements of the hurricane so that general public is able to process critical information and most optimally contribute to restoration process. </li></ul><ul><li>Ed James September 17th Liverpool Daily Post : “Hurricane Katrina: The Aftermath: Return to city starts next week”: </li></ul><ul><li>-produces an initial sense of attempting to describe a new post-hurricane community by describing Mayor Ray Nagin’s proposed plans for New Orleans… </li></ul><ul><li>-arguments quickly lose substance </li></ul><ul><li>-Article generates nearly as much speculation as fact </li></ul><ul><li>-Backs up speculation with irrelevant or illegitimate sources, like a strip club owner </li></ul><ul><li>-Sources like this don’t represent the majority of the affected community </li></ul>
  22. 22. <ul><li>Even if post-Katrina reporting educated the general public, never took time </li></ul><ul><li>to focus on the most pressing issues pertaining to social reconstruction. </li></ul><ul><li>Bill Walsh October 22nd, New Orleans Times-Picayune , “Plan would let </li></ul><ul><li>president take control in disasters: Proposal may be seen as slap at Blanco”: </li></ul><ul><li>-Examines relationship between Louisiana governor Kathleen Blanco, the </li></ul><ul><li>President, and federal organizations like Federal Emergency Management </li></ul><ul><li>Agency (FEMA) in relation to who should intervene in restoring and aiding </li></ul><ul><li>the hurricane region. </li></ul><ul><li>-Article is inefficient because it specifically focuses on </li></ul><ul><li>nitpicking at who should be in control for controlling communities affected </li></ul><ul><li>by natural disasters. </li></ul><ul><li>-More focus on what is being done or what needs to be done, not who is </li></ul><ul><li>doing it. </li></ul>
  23. 23. <ul><li>Finally, for much of the general public, pictures leave lasting image </li></ul>

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