د. عبد الفتاح الهمص و د. فايز شلدان
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د. عبد الفتاح الهمص و د. فايز شلدان

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  • 1. ‫ﺍﻹﺴﻼﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﺎﻤﻌﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﺠﻠﺔ‬)‫ﺍﻹﻨﺴﺎﻨﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﺭﺍﺴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺴﻠﺴﻠﺔ‬(‫ﺹ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﺜﺎﻨﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺩﺩ‬ ،‫ﻋﺸﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺜﺎﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﻠﺩ‬١٤٥-‫ﺹ‬١٧٤‫ﻴﻭﻨﻴﻭ‬٢٠١٠ISSN 1726-6807, http://www.iugaza.edu.ps/ara/research/‫ﺍﻹﺸﺎﻋﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺘﺭﻭﻴﺞ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﻔﺴﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺒﻌﺎﺩ‬‫ﺇﺴﻼﻤﻲ‬ ‫ﻤﻨﻅﻭﺭ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻋﻼﺠﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﺴﺒل‬ ‫ﺍﻹﻋﻼﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﺴﺎﺌل‬ ‫ﻋﺒﺭ‬‫ﺩ‬.‫ﺍﻟﻬﻤﺹ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻐﻨﻲ‬ ‫ﻋﺒﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﺘﺎﺡ‬ ‫ﻋﺒﺩ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﺩ‬.‫ﺸﻠﺩﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﻜﻤﺎل‬ ‫ﻓﺎﻴﺯ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺎﻋﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﻔﺴﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺼﺤﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﺴﺘﺎﺫ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺎﻋﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺭﺒﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﺼﻭل‬ ‫ﺃﺴﺘﺎﺫ‬‫ﺍﻟﺘﺭﺒﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻜﻠﻴﺔ‬‫ﺍﻟﺠﺎﻤﻌﺔ‬‫ﺍﻹﺴﻼﻤﻴﺔ‬–‫ﻏﺯﺓ‬-‫ﻓﻠﺴﻁﻴﻥ‬‫ﻤﻠﺨﺹ‬:‫ﺍﻟﻜﺸﻑ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﺭﺍﺴﺔ‬ ‫ﺘﻬﺩﻑ‬‫ﻋﺒﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺸﺎﻋﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺘﺭﻭﻴﺞ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﻔﺴﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺒﻌﺎﺩ‬ ‫ﻋﻥ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﺼﺎﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﻋﻼﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﺴﺎﺌل‬ ‫ﺘﻌﺘﺒﺭ‬ ‫ﺤﻴﺙ‬ ،‫ﺇﺴﻼﻤﻲ‬ ‫ﻤﻨﻅﻭﺭ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻋﻼﺠﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﺴﺒل‬ ‫ﺍﻹﻋﻼﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﺴﺎﺌل‬‫ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﻘﻭﻡ‬ ،‫ﻤﻭﺍﻗﻔﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻴﺒﻨﻲ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻲ‬ ،‫ﻟﻠﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺴﺎﺴﻴﺔ‬‫ﺍﻷﺤﺩﺍﺙ‬ ‫ﺤﻴﺎل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﻤﺎﻋﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﺘﺠﺎﻫﺎﺕ‬‫ﻤﻭﻗﻑ‬ ‫ﺘﺸﻜﻴل‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻠﻤﻭﺱ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﻭﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﻋﻼﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﺴﺎﺌل‬ ‫ﺘﺘﻭﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﻜﻤﺎ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﺭﻓﺽ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟﻘﺒﻭل‬ ‫ﺴﻭﺍﺀ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﺠﺎﺭﻴﺔ‬‫ﹰ‬‫ﺔ‬‫ﻋﺎﻤ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻟﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﻴﻭﺍﺠﻪ‬ ،‫ﻭﺍﻟﺩﻭﻟﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺤﻠﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﺎﺤﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻁﺭﻭﺤﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﻀﺎﻴﺎ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺘﻠﻘﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﻤﻬﻭﺭ‬‫ﺍﻟﺤﺭﻭﺏ‬ ‫ﺃﺸﺩ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺘﻌﺩ‬ ‫ﹰ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﺤﺭﺒ‬ ‫ﹰ‬‫ﺔ‬‫ﺨﺎﺼ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻔﻠﺴﻁﻴﻨﻴﻭﻥ‬‫ﻭﺃﻗﺴﺎﻫﺎ‬‫ﺍﻟﺘﻲ‬‫ﺘﺘﻤﺜل‬ ،‫ﺨﺼﻭﻤﻬﻡ‬ ‫ﻀﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻋﺩﺍﺀ‬ ‫ﻴﺸﻨﻬﺎ‬‫ﻭﺫﻟﻙ‬ ،‫ﺒﻴﻨﻬﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻔﺭﻗﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﺘﻨﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺒﺙ‬ ،‫ﺼﻔﻭﻓﻬﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﺸﺘﻴﺕ‬ ‫ﺘﻤﺎﺴﻜﻬﻡ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﻴل‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻬﺎﺩﻓﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺸﺎﻋﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺒﺙ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬‫ل‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﺍﻟﺘﺤ‬ ‫ﻋﻤﻠﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﹰ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﻤﺅﺜﺭ‬ ‫ﹰ‬‫ﻼ‬‫ﻋﺎﻤ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﻋﻼﻡ‬ ‫ﻴﻌﺩ‬ ‫ﺤﻴﺙ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻤﺨﺘﻠﻔﺔ‬ ‫ﺒﺄﻨﻭﺍﻋﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺴﻤﻭﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﻋﻼﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﺴﺎﺌل‬ ‫ﻋﺒﺭ‬‫ﺤﻘﻴﻘﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺘﻜﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﻗﺩ‬ ‫ﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻴﻘﺩﻤﻪ‬ ‫ﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﺨﻼل‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺘﻤﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻌﺭﺽ‬ ‫ﻨﺘﻴﺠﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﺸﻭﻫﺔ؛‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ،‫ﻜﺎﺫﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ،‫ﺍﻹﻋﻼﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻭﺴﺎﺌل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺘﻘﺒل‬ ‫ﻗﺒل‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻤﺘﻭﺍﺼل‬.‫ﻴﻭﻀ‬ ‫ﻭﻻ‬ ،‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﺨﻤﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺩﺱ‬ ‫ﻁﺭﻴﻕ‬ ‫ﻋﻥ‬ ‫ﻴﺜﺒﺘﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻻ‬ ‫ﺒﺄﻨﻪ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺤﻘﺎﺌﻕ؛‬ ‫ﻋﺭﻀﻪ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺴﻼﻡ‬ ‫ﺯ‬‫ﻴ‬‫ﺘﻤ‬ ‫ﻭﻗﺩ‬‫ﻬﺎ‬‫ﺤ‬‫ﻭﺍﻟﻤﻐﺎﻟﻁﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺩﻟﻴﺱ‬ ‫ﺒﺄﺴﻠﻭﺏ‬..‫ﺍﻟﺼﺩ‬ ‫ﻭﻋﻠﻰ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻴﻘﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻭﺼل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻡ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺤﻘﺎﺌﻘﻪ‬ ‫ﻴﺒﻨﻲ‬ ‫ﻭﺇﻨﻤﺎ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﺅﺩﻱ‬ ‫ﻕ‬‫ﻭﻀﻊ‬ ‫ﻭﻗﺩ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺠﺢ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺴﻼﻤﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﻋﻼﻡ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻫﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟﻐﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﺴﺄﻟﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺼﺩﻕ‬ ‫ﻓﺎﻟﺘﺯﺍﻡ‬ ،‫ﻭﺍﻻﻁﻤﺌﻨﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺜﻘﺔ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬‫ﻭﺍﻟﻤﺠﺘﻤﻊ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﺃﻀﺭﺍﺭﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺸﺎﻋﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺩ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺘﺴﻬﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﻠﻭل‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﺠﻤﻭﻋﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺴﻼﻡ‬.‫ﻭ‬ ‫ﻴﺤﺎﻭل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺫﻱ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺤﻠﻴﻠﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻭﺼﻔﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻨﻬﺞ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺎﺤﺜﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﺴﺘﺨﺩﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﺭﺍﺴﺔ‬ ‫ﻏﺭﺽ‬ ‫ﻭﻟﺘﺤﻘﻴﻕ‬‫ﺍﻟﻅﺎﻫﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺼﻑ‬‫ﻭﺍﻟﻌﻤﻠﻴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺤﻭﻟﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺘﻁﺭﺡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻲ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻵﺭﺍﺀ‬ ‫ﻤﻜﻭﻨﺎﺘﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺒﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻼﻗﺔ‬ ‫ﺒﻴﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺜﻡ‬ ‫ﺒﻴﺎﻨﺎﺘﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﺤﻠﻴل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﺭﺍﺴﺔ؛‬ ‫ﻤﻭﻀﻭﻉ‬‫ﺘﺤﺩﺜﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻲ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻵﺜﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﺘﺘﻀﻤﻨﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻲ‬.Psychological and social dimensions in the promotion ofrumors through the media and remedy from an IslamicperspectiveAbstract: study aims to uncover the psychological and social dimensions inthe promotion of rumors through the media and remedy from an Islamicperspective, where the media of the main sources of information, which buildsupon the individual positions and groups based on trends of current events,whether acceptance or rejection , And the media significant role in shaping thepublics recipient of the issues on the domestic and international arena, facingthe world in general and Palestinians in particular war is one of the harshest
  • 2. ‫ﺩ‬.‫ﺍﻟﻬﻤﺹ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﺘﺎﺡ‬ ‫ﻋﺒﺩ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﺩ‬.‫ﺸ‬ ‫ﻓﺎﻴﺯ‬‫ﻠﺩﺍﻥ‬١٤٦and most wars waged by the enemies against their opponents, is to spreadrumors aimed at undermining the viability and dispersal of their ranks,broadcasting Sedition and division among them, and through the media ofdifferent kinds, poisonous, where the media is a major factor in thetransformation process through its information may be true or false ordistorted; a result of exposure continued and sustained by the future of themedia.Islam Has been marked its presentation of the facts; proven that throughintuition and guesswork, and illustrated by way of fraud and chicanery .. Butbuilds on the realities of science leads to uncertainty, and the truth that leadsto confidence and trust, honesty commitment was crucial in the successfulIslamic Information.Islam has developed a set of solutions that contribute to the reduction ofrumors and damage to the individual and society.To achieve the purpose of the study researchers used the descriptive approachanalytical attempt to describe the phenomenon in question; and analysis ofdata indicating the relationship between the components and the views putaround and processes involved and the effects.‫ﻤﻘـﺩﻤـــﺔ‬:‫ﺘـﺴﺘﻌ‬ ‫ﻷﻨﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ؛‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﻔﺴﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺭﺏ‬ ‫ﻭﻭﺴﺎﺌل‬ ‫ﺃﺴﺎﻟﻴﺏ‬ ‫ﺃﻫﻡ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺸﺎﻋﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺘﻌﺩ‬‫ﺒﻔﺎﻋﻠﻴـﺔ‬ ‫ﻤل‬‫ﺍﻟﺴﻠﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﻗﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﻜﺫﻟﻙ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺭﺏ‬ ‫ﻭﻗﺕ‬)‫ﺍﻟﺒﺎﺭﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺭﺏ‬(،‫ﺍﻟﺠﻤـﺎﻫﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﻋﻭﺍﻁـﻑ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺘﺄﺜﻴﺭﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﺒﺸﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﺘﻤﻴﺯ‬‫ﺇﻟﻴﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻭﺠﻬﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻜﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﺼﻭﻟﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻤﻨﺫ‬ ‫ﺘﺒﺩﺃ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻅﻴﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺘﻬﺎ‬ ،‫ﺍﻻﻨﺘﺸﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻜﺒﻴﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻭﻗﺩﺭﺘﻬﺎ‬.‫ﻭﺘﻨ‬ ‫ﺘﺤﻤﻠﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻭﺴﻴﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺨﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺴﺎﻟﻴﺏ‬ ‫ﻋﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺸﺎﻋﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﺨﺘﻠﻑ‬‫ﻤـﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﺯﻴـﺩ‬ ‫ﻘﻠﻬـﺎ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﺘﻤـﻊ‬ ‫ﺃﻓـﺭﺍﺩ‬ ‫ﺒﻌﺽ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺸﺎﻋﺔ‬ ‫ﺘﺼل‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﻓﻤﺎ‬ ،‫ﻨﻔﺴﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺘﻬﺩﻑ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﺘﻤﻊ‬ ‫ﻫﻲ‬ ‫ﻭﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺘﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺤﺩﺘﻬﺎ‬‫ﺤـﺩ‬ ‫ﻋﻨـﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻤﺭ‬ ‫ﻴﻘﺘﺼﺭ‬ ‫ﻻ‬ ‫ﺒل‬ ،‫ﻴﻌﺭﻓﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻜل‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﺭﻭﻴﺠﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺒﺭﻭﺍﻴﺘﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻴﻘﻭﻤﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﺤﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺘﻬﺩﻑ‬‫ﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﹰ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﻏﺎﻟﺒ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺸﺎﻋﺔ‬ ‫ﻴﻨﻘل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺫﻱ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺸﺨﺹ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻤﺭ‬ ‫ﻴﺘﻌﺩﻯ‬ ‫ﺒل‬ ‫ﻓﻘﻁ؛‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﻘل‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺭﻭﺍﻴﺔ‬‫ﻋﻠﻴﻬـﺎ‬ ‫ﻴﻀﻴﻑ‬‫ﺍ‬ ‫ﻴﺠﻌل‬ ‫ﻤﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﺘﻔﺎﺼﻴﻠﻬﺎ؛‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻜﺜﻴﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺃﺠﺯﺍﺀ‬ ‫ﺍﺨﺘﻠﻕ‬ ‫ﻭﺭﺒﻤﺎ‬ ،‫ﻓﻴﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﻴﺒﺎﻟﻎ‬‫ﻷﺜﺭ‬‫ﻭﺃﻗـﻭﻯ‬ ‫ﺃﻋﻅﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺸﺎﻋﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬‫ﻨﻘـل‬ ‫ﻋـﺏﺀ‬ ‫ﺤﻤـل‬ ‫ﻗﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺘﻬﺩﻑ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﻤﻬﻭﺭ‬ ‫ﻷﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺸﺎﻋﺔ؛‬ ‫ﻪ‬‫ﺠ‬‫ﻟﻤﻭ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟﻨﺴﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﺇﻋﻼﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺴﻴﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬‫ﻋﻠـﻰ‬ ‫ﺴﺎﻋﺩ‬ ‫ﻭﻜﺫﻟﻙ‬ ‫ﻨﻘﻠﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺴﺭﻋﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺴﺎﻋﺩ‬ ‫ﻤﻤﺎ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﺘﻤﻊ‬ ‫ﺃﻓﺭﺍﺩ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻓﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﻜل‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺸﺎﻋﺔ‬‫ﺯﻴـﺎﺩﺓ‬‫ﻋﻜـﺱ‬ ‫ﻭﻫﺫﺍ‬ ،‫ﻤﺠﺘﻤﻌﻪ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺨل‬ ‫ﺃﻭﻤﻥ‬ ،‫ﺼﺩﻴﻘﻪ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺸﺎﻋﺔ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﻩ‬ ‫ﻴﺴﻤﻊ‬ ‫ﻗﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﻷﻥ‬ ،‫ﻭﺘﺄﺜﻴﺭﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺘﻬﺎ‬‫ﺍﻟﻌـﺩﻭ‬ ‫ﺠﺎﻨﺏ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻜﺸﻭﻓﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻭﺴﺎﺌل‬ ‫ﻷﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺩﻭ‬ ‫ﻭﺼﺤﻑ‬ ‫ﺇﺫﺍﻋﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺘﻨﺸﺭ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﺘﺫﺍﻉ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺸﺎﻋﺎﺕ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺘﻬﺩﻑ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﻤﻬﻭﺭ‬ ‫ﻗﺒل‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺭﻴﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﺸﻙ‬ ‫ﻤﺤل‬ ‫ﺘﻜﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﹰ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﻏﺎﻟﺒ‬)‫ﺏ‬ ،‫ﻜﺤﻴل‬ ‫ﻋﺒﺩﺍﻟﻭﻫﺎﺏ‬.‫ﺕ‬:٧١.(‫ﻭﺘﻘﻭﻡ‬ ،‫ﻤﻭﺍﻗﻔﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻴﺒﻨﻲ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻲ‬ ،‫ﻟﻠﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺴﺎﺴﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺼﺎﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﻋﻼﻡ‬ ‫ﻓﻭﺴﺎﺌل‬‫ﻭﺴﺎﺌل‬ ‫ﺘﺘﻭﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﻜﻤﺎ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﺭﻓﺽ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟﻘﺒﻭل‬ ‫ﺴﻭﺍﺀ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﺠﺎﺭﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺤﺩﺍﺙ‬ ‫ﺤﻴﺎل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﻤﺎﻋﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﺘﺠﺎﻫﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ‬‫ﺍﻟﺴﺎﺤﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻁﺭﻭﺤﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﻀﺎﻴﺎ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺘﻠﻘﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﻤﻬﻭﺭ‬ ‫ﻤﻭﻗﻑ‬ ‫ﺘﺸﻜﻴل‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻠﻤﻭﺱ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﻭﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﻋﻼﻡ‬
  • 3. ‫ﺍﻹﺸﺎﻋﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺘﺭﻭﻴﺞ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﻔﺴﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺒﻌﺎﺩ‬‫ﻋﻼﺠﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﺴﺒل‬ ‫ﺍﻹﻋﻼﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﺴﺎﺌل‬ ‫ﻋﺒﺭ‬١٤٧‫ﺍﻟﻤ‬‫ﺍﻟﺤﺭﻭﺏ‬ ‫ﺃﺸﺩ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺘﻜﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﺘﻜﺎﺩ‬ ‫ﹰ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﺤﺭﺒ‬ ‫ﹰ‬‫ﺔ‬‫ﺨﺎﺼ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻔﻠﺴﻁﻴﻨﻴﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﹰ‬‫ﺔ‬‫ﻋﺎﻤ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻟﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﻴﻭﺍﺠﻪ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﺩﻭﻟﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ،‫ﺤﻠﻴﺔ‬‫ﺍﻟﺘ‬ ‫ﻭﺃﻗﺴﺎﻫﺎ‬‫ﺘﻤﺎﺴﻜﻬﻡ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﻴل‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻬﺎﺩﻓﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺸﺎﻋﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺒﺙ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺘﺘﻤﺜل‬ ،‫ﺨﺼﻭﻤﻬﻡ‬ ‫ﻀﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻋﺩﺍﺀ‬ ‫ﻴﺸﻨﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻲ‬‫ﺒﺄﻨﻭﺍﻋﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺴﻤﻭﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﻋﻼﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﺴﺎﺌل‬ ‫ﻋﺒﺭ‬ ‫ﻭﺫﻟﻙ‬ ،‫ﺒﻴﻨﻬﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻔﺭﻗﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﺘﻨﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺒﺙ‬ ،‫ﺼﻔﻭﻓﻬﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﺸﺘﻴﺕ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﺨﺘﻠﻔﺔ‬.‫ﹰ‬‫ﻼ‬‫ﻋﻤ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﹰ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﺍﺭﺘﺠﺎﻟﻴ‬ ‫ﹰ‬‫ﻼ‬‫ﻋﻤ‬ ‫ﻭﻟﻴﺴﺕ‬ ،‫ﻨﻴﻥ‬‫ﻴ‬‫ﻤﻌ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﻜﺘﻴﻙ‬ ‫ﺇﺴﺘﺭﺍﺘﻴﺠﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺭﻭﺏ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺸﺎﻋﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﻘﻭﻡ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠـﺎل‬ ‫ﻓـﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺸـﺎﻋﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﺴﺘﺨﺩﻡ‬ ،‫ﺒﻌﻴﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﻗﺭﻴﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﻘﺎﺼﺩ‬ ‫ﻟﺘﺤﻘﻴﻕ‬ ‫ﺠﻤﺎﻋﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﻓﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﺒﻪ‬ ‫ﻴﻘﻭﻡ‬ ‫ﹰ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﻓﻭﻀﻭﻴ‬‫ﺘﺴﺘﺨﺩﻡ‬ ‫ﻜﻤﺎ‬ ،‫ﻻﺴﺘﺨﺩﺍﻤﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﻟﻴل‬ ‫ﺒﻤﺜﺎﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﻴﻜﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﻋﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﻤﻔﻬﻭﻡ‬ ‫ﻀﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﺭﺍﺘﻴﺠﻲ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠـﺎل‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺸﺎﻋﺔ‬،‫ﻤﺤـﺩﺩﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﻜﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺯﻤﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻭﻗﺎﺌﻊ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﻌﻁﻴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺭﺍﻫﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻭﻀﻊ‬ ‫ﻅﺭﻭﻑ‬ ‫ﺘﻘﺘﻀﻲ‬ ‫ﻜﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﺫﻟﻙ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻜﺘﻴﻜﻲ‬‫ﺘﺨﻁﺌﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻓﻼ‬ ‫ﺒﺩﻗﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﺴﻭﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻫﺩﺍﻑ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﺒﻠﻎ‬ ‫ﻟﺘﺼﻴﺏ‬ ‫ﻭﺫﻟﻙ‬.‫ﺃﻁﻠﻕ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺇﻥ‬ ،‫ﻭﺍﻷﺴﺱ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻘﻭﺍﻋﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻨﺎﻫﺞ‬ ‫ﺫﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻨﻀﺒﻁﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻭﻡ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﹰ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﻋﻠﻤ‬ ‫ﺃﺼﺒﺤﺕ‬ ‫ﻓﺎﻹﺸﺎﻋﺔ‬‫ﺃﻫﺩﺍﻑ‬ ‫ﻟﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺸﺎﻋﺔ‬‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﺸـﺄﻨﻪ‬ ‫ﻤـﻥ‬ ‫ﹰ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﻤﻨﻅﻤ‬ ‫ﹰ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﻁﺭﻴﻘ‬ ‫ﺘﺤﻘﻴﻘﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﻴﺴﻠﻙ‬ ‫ﻓﺈﻨﻪ‬ ‫ﻭﻟﺫﺍ‬ ،‫ﻟﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﺨﻁﻁ‬ ‫ﻤﺤﺩﺩﺓ‬‫ﻨﻌﻨﻲ‬ ‫ﻻ‬ ‫ﻭﻟﺫﺍ‬ ،‫ﺒﺩﻗﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻫﺩﺍﻑ‬ ‫ﻭﻴﺼﻴﺏ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﺍﺩ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﻴﺼل‬-‫ﺍﻟﺤﺎل‬ ‫ﺒﻁﺒﻴﻌﺔ‬-‫ﺒﻬـﺫﻩ‬ ‫ﻫﻲ‬ ‫ﺇﺸﺎﻋﺔ‬ ‫ﻜل‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬‫ﺃﺭﺍﺩ‬ ‫ﻤـﻥ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﻨﻌﻨﻲ‬ ‫ﻭﺇﻨﻤﺎ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻔﻭﻀﻭﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻹﺸﺎﻋﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﻭﻀﻭﻱ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻤل‬ ‫ﻭﺠﻭﺩ‬ ‫ﻨﻨﻔﻲ‬ ‫ﻓﻠﺴﻨﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻔﻜﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺜﺎﺒﺔ‬‫ﻋﻠﻤ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺸﺎﻋﺔ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺍﺴﺔ‬‫ﺫﻟﻙ‬ ‫ﺃﻤﻜﻨﻪ‬ ‫ﹰ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﻤﻨﻀﺒﻁ‬ ‫ﹰ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﻭﺍﻀﺤ‬ ‫ﹰ‬‫ﺎ‬)،‫ﻨﻭﻓل‬ ‫ﺃﺤﻤﺩ‬١٩٨١:١٠١.(‫ﻓـﻲ‬ ‫ﻤﺘﻐﻴـﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻭﺃﺨﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺜﺎﺒﺘﺔ‬ ‫ﺨﻁﻭﻁ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻟﻤﻴﺘﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺭﺒﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺘﻨﺎﺯﻋﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻸﻁﺭﺍﻑ‬ ‫ﻜﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﻟﻘﺩ‬،‫ﻭﺒﻌـﺩﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺭﻭﺏ‬ ‫ﺘﻠﻙ‬ ‫ﺇﺒﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﻜﺘﻴﻜﻬﻡ‬ ‫ﺇﺴﺘﺭﺍﺘﻴﺠﻴﺘﻬﻡ‬ ‫ﻟﻬﻡ‬ ‫ﻜﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺤﻴﺙ‬ ،‫ﻭﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﻔﺴﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺤﻤﻼﺘﻬﻡ‬"‫ﻋﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺃﻨﺸﺄﺕ‬ ‫ﹰ‬‫ﻼ‬‫ﻤﺜ‬ ‫ﻓﺒﺭﻴﻁﺎﻨﻴﺎ‬)١٩١٨‫ﻡ‬(‫ﻗﺴ‬‫ﺍﻟﻠﻭﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﺒﺭﺌﺎﺴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺩﻭ‬ ‫ﻀﺩ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺩﻋﺎﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﹰ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﻤ‬)‫ﻨﻭﺭﺜﻜﻠﻴﻑ‬(‫ﻜﻤﺎ‬ ،‫ﺍﻷﻤﺭﻴﻜﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺭﺌﻴﺱ‬ ‫ﺃﻤﺭ‬)‫ﻭﻟﺴﻭﻥ‬(‫ﺭﺌﺎﺴﺔ‬ ‫ﺘﺤﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻼﺴﺘﻌﻼﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﻜﺘﺏ‬ ‫ﺒﺈﻨﺸﺎﺀ‬)‫ﺴـﺭﻴل‬ ‫ﺠﻭﺭﺝ‬(‫ﻤـﻥ‬ ‫ﺃﺴـﻘﻁ‬ ‫ﻤـﺎ‬ ‫ﺒﻠـﻎ‬ ‫ﻭﻗـﺩ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﺘﺠﺎﺭﻱ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﻋﻼﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺘﺨﻠﺼﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺨﺒﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﻔﺎﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﺃﺴﺎﺱ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﻨﻁﺎﺩ‬ ‫ﺒﻭﺍﺴﻁﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﻟﻤﺎﻨﻴﺎ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻤﻨﺸﻭﺭﺍﺕ‬)‫ﺍﻟﺒﺎﻟﻭﻥ‬) (٥,٣٦٠,٠٠٠(‫ﺃﻜﺘﻭﺒﺭ‬ ‫ﺨﻼل‬ ‫ﻤﻨﺸﻭﺭ‬-‫ﺘـﺸﺭﻴﻥ‬‫ﻋﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻭل‬١٩١٨‫ﻡ‬)،‫ﻨﻭﻓل‬ ‫ﺃﺤﻤﺩ‬١٩٨١:١٠٣.(‫ﺀ‬‫ﺒﻨﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺴﺭﺍﺌﻴﻠﻲ‬ ‫ﻟﻺﻋﻼﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺴﺘﺭﺍﺘﻴﺠﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﹼﺔ‬‫ﻁ‬‫ﺍﻟﺨ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻴﻪ‬ ‫ﻗﺎﻤﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﻫﺫﺍ‬‫ﻗﺎﻋﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬)‫ﺘـﺴﺩ‬ ‫ﻕ‬‫ﺭ‬‫ﻓـ‬(‫ﺒﺩﺍ‬ ‫ﺤﻴﺙ‬‫ﺍﻟﻌـﺩﻭ‬ ‫ﻭﻜﺎﻥ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻁﺎﺌﻔﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﻗﻠﻴﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻨﺼﺭﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﻭﺘﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻌﺯﻑ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻔﺭﻗﺔ‬ ‫ﻫﺩﻑ‬ ‫ﹰ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﻭﺍﻀﺤ‬‫ﻓﻲ‬‫ﻋﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺤﺭﺒﻪ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﹰ‬‫ﻼ‬‫ﻓﻤﺜ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﺨﻁﺔ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﻩ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻴﻌﺘﻤﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺭﺏ‬ ‫ﻤﻊ‬ ‫ﺤﺭﻭﺒﻪ‬)١٩٨٢(‫ﻫـﺫﻩ‬ ‫ﺘﺠﻠﺕ‬ ‫ﻟﺒﻨﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬‫ﺍﺴـﺘﻐﻼل‬ ‫ﻭﺤـﺎﻭل‬ ،‫ﻭﻓﻠـﺴﻁﻴﻨﻴﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻟﺒﻨـﺎﻨﻴﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺒﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺴﻠﻤﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺼﻔﻭﻑ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻔﺭﻗﺔ‬ ‫ﺤﺎﻭل‬ ‫ﺤﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺨﻁﺔ‬‫ﻜﺴﺒﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻴﻜﻥ‬ ‫ﻟﻡ‬ ‫ﺇﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻗل‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺘﺤﻴﻴﺩﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﻤﺂﺭﺒﻪ‬ ‫ﻟﺘﺤﻘﻴﻕ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﻭﻅﻴﻔﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻟﺒﻨﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺩﻴﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻗﻠﻴﺎﺕ‬.‫ﺇ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻹﻀﺎﻓﺔ‬‫ﺍﻟﺠﻨـﺩﻱ‬ ‫ﻕ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﺘﻔ‬ ‫ﺇﺸﺎﻋﺔ‬ ‫ﻫﻲ‬ ‫ﺃﺨﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺇﺴﺘﺭﺍﺘﻴﺠﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺨﻁﺔ‬ ‫ﻫﻨﺎﻙ‬ ‫ﻜﺎﻨﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺨﻁﺔ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﻩ‬ ‫ﻟﻰ‬‫ﺍﻟﻨﺼﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﺤﺘﻤﺎل‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻴﺄﺱ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺭﺒﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﻨﺩﻱ‬ ‫ﱡﻑ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ﻭﺘﺨ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺴﺭﺍﺌﻴﻠﻲ‬...‫ﻜﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺨﻁ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﺍ‬ ‫ﺘﺤﻘﻴﻕ‬ ‫ﺴﺒﻴل‬ ‫ﻭﻓﻲ‬
  • 4. ‫ﺩ‬.‫ﺍﻟﻬﻤﺹ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﺘﺎﺡ‬ ‫ﻋﺒﺩ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﺩ‬.‫ﺸ‬ ‫ﻓﺎﻴﺯ‬‫ﻠﺩﺍﻥ‬١٤٨،‫ﺍﻹﺴﺘﺭﺍﺘﻴﺠﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺨﻁﺔ‬ ‫ﺘﺨﺩﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻜﺘﻴﻜﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻹﺸﺎﻋﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻷﺭﺍﺠﻴﻑ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺨﺒﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﻴﻠﺠﺄ‬‫ﻤـﻥ‬ ‫ﺘﺒﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﻗﺩ‬‫ﺍﻟ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﻭﺍﺌﺭ‬ ‫ﺨﻁﺏ‬‫ﺨﻁﺏ‬ ‫ﺨﺎﺼﺔ‬ ،‫ﺇﺴﺭﺍﺌﻴل‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺤﺎﻜﻤﺔ‬)‫ﺇﻴﺒﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺃﺒﺎ‬(‫ﺘﻘـﻭﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺴﺒﻕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺨﺎﺭﺠﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺯﻴﺭ‬‫ﻓﻬـﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺭﺏ‬ ‫ﻨﻔﻭﺱ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻷﻤل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻴﺄﺱ‬ ‫ﺇﺸﺎﻋﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻴﻘﻭﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺴﺭﺍﺌﻴﻠﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﻋﺎﺌﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻜﺘﻴﻙ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﺃﺴﺎﺱ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬‫ﻟﻠﺠـﻴﺵ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘـﺼﺩﻱ‬ ‫ﻋﻠـﻰ‬ ‫ﻤﻘـﺩﺭﺘﻬﻡ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﹰ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﺘﻤﺎﻤ‬ ‫ﻴﺎﺌﺴﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺭﺏ‬ ‫ﺘﺠﻌل‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﺇﺴﺭﺍﺌﻴل‬ ‫ﻭﺍﺠﺏ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﻴﻘﻭل‬‫ﺍﻟﻭﻗ‬ ‫ﻨﻔﺱ‬ ‫ﻭﻓﻲ‬ ،‫ﺍﻹﺴﺭﺍﺌﻴﻠﻲ‬‫ﺍﻟﻌﺭﺏ‬ ‫ﻨﻔﻭﺱ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻤل‬ ‫ﺭﻭﺡ‬ ‫ﺇﺸﺎﻋﺔ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺴﺭﺍﺌﻴﻠﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﻋﺎﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺘﺴﻌﻰ‬ ،‫ﺕ‬‫ﺍﻟﺘﻜﺘﻴﻜـﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﺴـﺘﺨﺩﺍﻡ‬ ،‫ﺒﺎﻷﻟﻔـﺎﻅ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻼﻋﺏ‬ ‫ﻴﻜﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﻫﻜﺫﺍ‬ ،‫ﺇﺴﺭﺍﺌﻴل‬ ‫ﻤﻊ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﻼﻡ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻭﺼﻭل‬ ‫ﺤﻭل‬‫ﻭﺍﺤﺩ‬ ‫ﻭﻗﺕ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺘﻨﺎﻗﻀﺔ‬)،‫ﺇﻤﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺇﺒﺭﺍﻫﻴﻡ‬١٩٧٩:٣٣٣.(‫ﻋﻼ‬ ‫ﻭﻫﻲ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻨﻔﺴﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺤﺭﺏ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺸﺎﻋﺔ‬ ‫ﺒﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻭﻁﻴﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻼﻗﺔ‬ ‫ﺘﺘﻀﺢ‬ ‫ﻫﻨﺎ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬،‫ﺒﺎﻟﻜل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﺯﺀ‬ ‫ﻗﺔ‬‫ﻋﻠﻤـﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﻭﻜﺫﻟﻙ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻉ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻡ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻤﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﺍﺘﻔﻕ‬ ‫ﻭﻗﺩ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻜل‬ ‫ﺒﻤﺜﺎﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﻔﺴﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺤﺭﺏ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﺯﺀ‬ ‫ﺒﻤﺜﺎﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﺎﻹﺸﺎﻋﺔ‬‫ﺘﻌﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺸﺎﻋﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﺎل‬ ‫ﻫﺫﺍ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺒﺎﺤﺜﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻤﺨﺘﺼﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﻔﺱ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻡ‬‫ﺇﺤﺩﻯ‬‫ﺍﻟﺤـﺭﺏ‬ ‫ﺃﺴـﺎﻟﻴﺏ‬‫ﺃﺴﺎﻟﻴﺒﻬ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺃﺴﻠﻭﺏ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺸﺎﻋﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﻔﺴﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺭﺏ‬ ‫ﻜﺘﺏ‬ ‫ﺠﻤﻴﻊ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﻭﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﻓﻘﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﻔﺴﻴﺔ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﺒل‬‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺴﻴﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﻫﻲ‬‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺫﻟﻙ‬ ‫ﻭﻏﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻷﺯﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﺘﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻓﺘﻌﺎل‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﻤﺎﻍ‬ ‫ﻭﻏﺴل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﻋﺎﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﺜل‬ ‫ﺫﻟﻙ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﻤﺜﻠﻬﺎ‬ ،‫ﻭﺴﺎﺌﻠﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺃﻗﻭﻯ‬‫ﺍﻟﻜﺜﻴﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺴﺎﻟﻴﺏ‬)،‫ﺍﻟﻤﻔﻠﺢ‬ ‫ﻤﺒﺎﺭﻙ‬١٩٩٤:٦٠.(‫ﺩﺭﺍﺴﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﻜﺩﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﻫﺫﺍ‬)،‫ﻋﺒﺎﺱ‬٢٠٠٥(‫ﺍﻟﺩﻋﻭﺓ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﻔﺴﻲ‬ ‫ﻭﺃﺜﺭﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺸﺎﻋﺔ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﺭ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬‫ﺩﺭﺍﺴﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﻜﺫﻟﻙ‬ ،‫ﻓﻠﺴﻁﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻤﻘﺎﻭﻤﺔ‬)،‫ﺍﷲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺒﺩ‬٢٠٠٥(‫ﺍﻟﺤﺭﺏ‬ ‫ﺨﻁﻭﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺃﻜﺩﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻲ‬‫ﺘﻭﺠﻪ‬ ‫ﻤﺘﻌﺩﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﻭﺴﺎﺌل‬ ‫ﺘﺴﺘﺨﺩﻡ‬ ‫ﻷﻨﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺴﻜﺭﻴﺔ؛‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺭﺏ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺃﻜﺜﺭ‬ ‫ﻭﺃﻓﺭﺍﺩﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﺘﻤﻊ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﻔﺴﻴﺔ‬‫ﻭﻭﺠﺩﺍﻨﻬﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﻌﻨﻭﻴﺎﺘﻬﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺱ‬ ‫ﺃﻋﺼﺎﺏ‬ ‫ﺘﺄﺜﻴﺭﻫﺎ‬.‫ﻭﻻ‬ ،‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﺨﻤﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺩﺱ‬ ‫ﻁﺭﻴﻕ‬ ‫ﻋﻥ‬ ‫ﻴﺜﺒﺘﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻻ‬ ‫ﺒﺄﻨﻪ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺤﻘﺎﺌﻕ؛‬ ‫ﻋﺭﻀﻪ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺴﻼﻡ‬ ‫ﺯ‬‫ﻴ‬‫ﺘﻤ‬ ‫ﻭﻗﺩ‬‫ﺒﺄ‬ ‫ﻬﺎ‬‫ﺤ‬‫ﻴﻭﻀ‬‫ﻭﺍﻟﻤﻐﺎﻟﻁﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺩﻟﻴﺱ‬ ‫ﺴﻠﻭﺏ‬..‫ﻭﻋﻠﻰ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻴﻘﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻭﺼل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻡ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺤﻘﺎﺌﻘﻪ‬ ‫ﻴﺒﻨﻲ‬ ‫ﻭﺇﻨﻤﺎ‬‫ﻭﻟﻘﺩ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺠﺢ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﻋﻼﻡ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻫﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟﻐﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﺴﺄﻟﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺼﺩﻕ‬ ‫ﻓﺎﻟﺘﺯﺍﻡ‬ ،‫ﻭﺍﻻﻁﻤﺌﻨﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺜﻘﺔ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺅﺩﻱ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺼﺩﻕ‬‫ﺘﻌﺎﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺒﻘﻭﻟﻪ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻡ‬ ‫ﺒﻐﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﻴﻘﻭﻟﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺫﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻜﺭﻴﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﺭﺁﻥ‬ ‫ﻡ‬‫ﺫ‬:‫ﹸ‬‫ﻜ‬ِ‫ﺘ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻨ‬ِ‫ﺴ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻟ‬َ‫ﺄ‬ِ‫ﺒ‬ ‫ﻪ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻨ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﱠ‬‫ﻘ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﺘ‬ ‫ﹾ‬‫ﺫ‬ِ‫ﺇ‬﴿‫ﺎ‬‫ﻤ‬ ‫ﹸﻡ‬‫ﻜ‬ِ‫ﻫ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻓ‬َ‫ﺄ‬ِ‫ﺒ‬ ‫ﻥ‬‫ﹸﻭ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﹸﻭ‬‫ﻘ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﺘ‬‫ﻭ‬ ‫ﻡ‬﴾ ‫ﻡ‬‫ِﻴ‬‫ﻅ‬‫ﻋ‬ ِ‫ﻪ‬‫ﱠ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ﺍﻟ‬ ‫ﺩ‬‫ِﻨ‬‫ﻋ‬ ‫ﻭ‬‫ﻫ‬‫ﻭ‬ ‫ﹰ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﻨ‬‫ﻴ‬‫ﻫ‬ ‫ﻪ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻨ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﺒ‬‫ﺴ‬‫ﺤ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﺘ‬‫ﻭ‬ ‫ﻡ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻠ‬ِ‫ﻋ‬ ِ‫ﻪ‬ِ‫ﺒ‬ ‫ﹸﻡ‬‫ﻜ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻟ‬ ‫ﺱ‬‫ﻴ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻟ‬)‫ﺍﻵﻴﺔ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻨﻭﺭ‬:١٥(‫ﹼﺔ‬‫ﻨ‬‫ﺍﻟﺴ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﻭﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﻜﻤﺎ‬ ،‫ﻗﺎل‬ ‫ﻋﻨﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﷲ‬ ‫ﺭﻀﻲ‬ ‫ﻋﺎﺼﻡ‬ ‫ﺒﻥ‬ ‫ﺤﻔﺹ‬ ‫ﻓﻌﻥ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻨﺒﻭﻴﺔ‬:‫ﻭﺴﻠﻡ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻴﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﷲ‬ ‫ﺼﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﷲ‬ ‫ﺭﺴﻭل‬ ‫ﻗﺎل‬" :‫ﻜﻔﻰ‬‫ﻴ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﹰ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﻜﺫﺒ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟﻤﺭﺀ‬‫ﺴﻤﻊ‬ ‫ﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﺒﻜل‬ ‫ﺙ‬‫ﺩ‬‫ﺤ‬)"،‫ﻤﺴﻠﻡ‬ ‫ﺼﺤﻴﺢ‬١٩٥٥:‫ﺍﻟﺤﺩﻴﺙ‬ ‫ﺭﻗﻡ‬٦.(،‫ﺍﻟﻨـﺎﺱ‬ ‫ﺒـﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻔﺘﻨﺔ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺭﺃﻱ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﻀﻠﻴل‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻓﻜﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﺒﻠﺒﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻀﺎﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺁﺜﺎﺭﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﻟﻺﺸﺎﻋﺔ‬‫ﺍﻟﺭﺴﻭل‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺸﺭﻜﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﺃﺸﺎﻉ‬ ‫ﻜﻤﺎ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﺒﺭﻱﺀ‬ ‫ﺴﻤﻌﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﺸﻭﻴﻪ‬-‫ﻭﺴﻠﻡ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻴﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﷲ‬ ‫ﺼﻠﻰ‬-‫ﺴـﺎﺤﺭ‬ ‫ﺒﺄﻨﻪ‬‫ﺃﺸﺎﻋ‬ ‫ﻭﻜﻤﺎ‬ ،‫ﻤﺠﻨﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﻜﺎﻫﻥ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﺸﺎﻋﺭ‬ ‫ﻭﺃﻨﻪ‬ ،‫ﱠﺍﺏ‬‫ﺫ‬‫ﻜ‬‫ﺃﺼﺤﺎﺒﻪ‬ ‫ﻟﺘﻀﻠﻴل‬ ‫ِل‬‫ﺘ‬‫ﹸ‬‫ﻗ‬ ‫ﺃﻨﻪ‬ ‫ِﺩ‬‫ﺤ‬‫ﹸ‬‫ﺍ‬ ‫ﻏﺯﻭﺓ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﻭﺍ‬.
  • 5. ‫ﺍﻹﺸﺎﻋﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺘﺭﻭﻴﺞ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﻔﺴﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺒﻌﺎﺩ‬‫ﻋﻼﺠﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﺴﺒل‬ ‫ﺍﻹﻋﻼﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﺴﺎﺌل‬ ‫ﻋﺒﺭ‬١٤٩،‫ﻟﻠﻨﺎﺱ‬ ‫ﹰ‬‫ﻼ‬‫ﻭﺘﻀﻠﻴ‬ ‫ﻭﻓﺘﻨﺔ‬ ‫ﹰ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﻀﺭﺭ‬ ‫ﻓﻴﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻷﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻜﺎﺫﺒﺔ؛‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺸﺎﻋﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﺨﺘﻼﻕ‬ ‫ﻋﻥ‬ ‫ﻴﺭﻀﻰ‬ ‫ﻻ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻹﺴﻼﻡ‬‫ﺘﻌﺎﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﻗﻭﻟﻪ‬ ‫ﺫﻟﻙ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﻥ‬:﴾ ‫ﻥ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﺒ‬ِ‫ﺫ‬‫ﹶﺎ‬‫ﻜ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﺍ‬ ‫ﻡ‬‫ﻫ‬ ‫ﻙ‬ِ‫ﺌ‬‫ﻟـ‬‫ﻭ‬ُ‫ﺃ‬‫ﻭ‬ ِ‫ﻪ‬‫ﹼ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ﺍﻟ‬ ِ‫ﺕ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﻴ‬‫ِﺂ‬‫ﺒ‬ ‫ﻥ‬‫ﹸﻭ‬‫ﻨ‬ِ‫ﻤ‬ْ‫ﺅ‬‫ﻴ‬ ‫ﹶ‬‫ﻻ‬ ‫ﻥ‬‫ِﻴ‬‫ﺫ‬‫ﱠ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﺍ‬ ‫ﺏ‬ِ‫ﺫ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻜ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﺍ‬ ‫ِﻱ‬‫ﺭ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﺘ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻔ‬‫ﻴ‬ ‫ﺎ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ﱠ‬‫ﻨ‬ِ‫ﺇ‬ ﴿)‫ﺍﻟﻨﺤل‬‫ﺍﻵﻴﺔ‬ ،:١٠٥(‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﺠﻔﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻋﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﻗﻭﻟﻪ‬ ،:‫ﻥ‬‫ِﻴ‬‫ﻨ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﻌ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ﻤ‬﴿ۖ‫ﹸـﻭ‬‫ﻔ‬ِ‫ﻘ‬‫ﹸ‬‫ﺜ‬ ‫ﺎ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻨ‬‫َﻴ‬‫ﺃ‬ٓ‫ﹰ‬‫ﻼ‬‫ِـﻴ‬‫ﺘ‬‫ﹶﻘ‬‫ﺘ‬ ‫ﹾ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﹸـﻭ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ﱢ‬‫ﺘ‬‫ﹸ‬‫ﻗ‬‫ﻭ‬ ‫ﹾ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﹸﻭ‬‫ﺫ‬‫ِـ‬‫ﺨ‬ُ‫ﺃ‬ ‫ﹾ‬‫ﺍ‬۟﴾)‫ﺍﻵﻴﺔ‬ ،‫ﺍﻷﺤﺯﺍﺏ‬:٦١.(‫ﺴـﺒﺤﺎﻨﻪ‬ ‫ﻗـﺎل‬ ‫ﺤﻴﺙ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺱ‬ ‫ﺒﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻜﺫﺏ‬ ‫ﻴﺸﻴﻊ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺒﺘﻔﺴﻴﻕ‬ ‫ﺡ‬‫ﺭ‬‫ﺼ‬ ‫ﻗﺩ‬ ‫ﻭﺠل‬ ‫ﻋﺯ‬ ‫ﺍﷲ‬ ‫ﺇﻥ‬ ‫ﺒل‬:﴿‫ﹸ‬‫ﻨ‬‫ﻴ‬‫ﺒ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﺘ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻓ‬ ‫ِﻕ‬‫ﺴ‬‫ﹶﺎ‬‫ﻓ‬ ‫ﻡ‬‫ﹸ‬‫ﻜ‬‫ﺎﺀ‬‫ﺠ‬ ‫ﻥ‬ِ‫ﺇ‬ ‫ﹸﻭﺍ‬‫ﻨ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ﺁ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺫﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻬﺎ‬‫ﻴ‬‫ﺃ‬ ‫ﻴﺎ‬‫ﻡ‬‫ﹸ‬‫ﺘ‬‫ﻠـ‬‫ﻌ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻓ‬ ‫ﺎ‬‫ﻤ‬ ‫ﹶﻰ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ﻋ‬ ‫ﻭﺍ‬‫ﺤ‬ِ‫ﺒ‬‫ﺼ‬‫ﹸ‬‫ﺘ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻓ‬ ٍ‫ﺔ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﻬ‬‫ﺠ‬ِ‫ﺒ‬ ‫ﺎ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻗ‬ ‫ﻭﺍ‬‫ﺒ‬‫ِﻴ‬‫ﺼ‬‫ﹸ‬‫ﺘ‬ ‫ﻥ‬َ‫ﺃ‬ ‫ﻭﺍ‬‫ﻥ‬‫ِﻴ‬‫ﻤ‬ِ‫ﺩ‬‫ﹶﺎ‬‫ﻨ‬﴾)‫ﺍﻵﻴﺔ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﺤﺠﺭﺍﺕ‬:٦.(‫ﻭﺍﺴـﺘﺨﺩﻤﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻴﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻟﺠﺄ‬ ‫ﻭﻗﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺎﺭﻴﺦ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺠﺫﻭﺭ‬ ‫ﻟﻪ‬ ‫ﺒل‬ ،‫ﻋﻬﺩ‬ ‫ﺤﺩﻴﺙ‬ ‫ﹰ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﻤﺭﻀ‬ ‫ﻟﻴﺴﺕ‬ ‫ﻓﺎﻹﺸﺎﻋﺔ‬:‫ﺍﻟﻨ‬ ‫ﻋﻬﺩ‬ ‫ﻓﻔﻲ‬ ،‫ﻭﻏﻴﺭﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺭﺏ‬ ‫ﺤﺎﻟﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻘﺎﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺩﻭل‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺴﺎﺴﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺠﻤﺎﻋﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻓﺭﺍﺩ‬‫ﺍﷲ‬ ‫ﺼـﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺒﻲ‬‫ﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﻨﻬﺎ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺱ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺫﻟﻙ‬ ‫ﻭﺃﺸﺎﻋﻭﺍ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻜﻬﺎﻨﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺴﺤﺭ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟﻜﺫﺏ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺸﺭﻜﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﺘﻬﻤﻪ‬ ،‫ﻗﻠﻨﺎ‬ ‫ﻜﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﺴﻠﻡ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻴﻪ‬‫ﺍﻟﺼﺩﻴﻕ‬ ‫ﺒﻨﺕ‬ ‫ﻋﺎﺌﺸﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﻴﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺘﻭل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺅﻤﻨﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺃﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺩﻴﻨﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻤﺭﺠﻔﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻨﺎﻓﻘﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﺒﻪ‬ ‫ﺭﻤﻰ‬‫ﺒﻜﺭ‬ ‫ﺃﺒﻲ‬‫ﺍﻟﺸﻬﻴﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﻓﻙ‬ ‫ﺤﺎﺩﺜﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬.‫ﻜﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﺎ‬‫ﺍﻹﺴ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﺘﻤﻊ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺨﻁﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺘﺄﺜﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻟﻬﺎ‬‫ﺍﻟﺘـﺄﺜﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﻋﻥ‬ ‫ﻨﺎﻫﻴﻙ‬ ‫ﻼﻤﻲ‬‫ﺍﻟﻨﻔﺴﻲ‬.‫ﺒﻘﻭﻟﻪ‬ ‫ﻭﻓﻀﺤﻬﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻨﺎﻓﻘﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺃﻟﺴﻨﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﷲ‬ ‫ﻓﻘﻁﻊ‬:﴿‫ﹸ‬‫ﺕ‬‫ﹶﺎ‬‫ﻨ‬ِ‫ﻤ‬ْ‫ﺅ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﻭ‬ ‫ﻥ‬‫ﹸﻭ‬‫ﻨ‬ِ‫ﻤ‬ْ‫ﺅ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﺍ‬ ‫ﻥ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻅ‬ ‫ﻩ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ﹸ‬‫ﺘ‬‫ﻌ‬ِ‫ﻤ‬‫ﺴ‬ ‫ﹾ‬‫ﺫ‬ِ‫ﺇ‬ ‫ﹶﺎ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﻥ‬‫ِﻴ‬‫ﺒ‬‫ﻤ‬ ‫ﻙ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻓ‬ِ‫ﺇ‬ ‫ﹶﺍ‬‫ﺫ‬‫ﻫ‬ ‫ﹸﻭﺍ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﹶﺎ‬‫ﻗ‬‫ﻭ‬ ‫ﺍ‬‫ﺭ‬‫ﻴ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﺨ‬ ‫ﻡ‬ِ‫ﻬ‬ِ‫ﺴ‬‫ﹸ‬‫ﻔ‬‫َﻨ‬‫ﺄ‬ِ‫ﺒ‬﴾)‫ﺍﻵﻴﺔ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻨﻭﺭ‬:١٢.(‫ﺍﻟﺤﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﻗﺘﻨﺎ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﻋﻼﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﺴﺎﺌل‬ ‫ﺘﺴﺘﺤﻭﺫ‬ ‫ﻟﺫﻟﻙ‬‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺘﺤﺎﺼﺭﻨﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﻜﺎﺩ‬ ،‫ﻭﺍﻨﺘﺒﺎﻫﻨﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻫﺘﻤﺎﻤﻨﺎ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻀﺭ‬‫ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﻨﺴﻤﻌﻪ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﻨﺸﺎﻫﺩﻩ‬ ‫ﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﻟﻤﻀﺎﻤﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻋﺭﻀﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﺼﺒﺤﻨﺎ‬ ‫ﺇﺫ‬ ،‫ﺍﻷﻭﻗﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺠﻤﻴﻊ‬ ‫ﻭﻓﻲ‬ ،‫ﺇﻟﻴﻪ‬ ‫ﻨﺫﻫﺏ‬ ‫ﻤﻜﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻜل‬‫ﺍﻟﻭﺴﺎﺌل‬ ‫ﻫﺫﻩ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﹰ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﻴﻭﻤﻴ‬ ‫ﻨﻘﺭﺃﻩ‬.‫ﺒﺸﻜل‬ ‫ﻭﺘﺴﺎﻫﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺭﺒﻭﻱ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺩﺏ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﹰ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﺸﻴﺌ‬ ‫ﺘﻀﻴﻑ‬ ‫ﹼﻬﺎ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ﻋ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﺭﺍﺴﺔ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﻩ‬ ‫ﻓﻜﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻨﺒﺜﻘﺕ‬ ‫ﻫﻨﺎ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬‫ﺍﻟ‬ ‫ﺒﺘﺭﺴﻴﺦ‬ ‫ﻟﻼﺭﺘﻘﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﺠﺎﺩ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﺨﺘﻠﻔﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻤﻔﺎﻫﻴﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻓﻜﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﻁﺭﺡ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻤﻭﻀﻭﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺼﺎﺩﻗﺔ‬ ‫ﻜﻠﻤﺔ‬.‫ﺍﻟﺩﺭﺍﺴﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﺸﻜﻠﺔ‬:‫ﺍﻟﺘﺎﻟﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺭﺌﻴﺱ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﺅﺍل‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﺭﺍﺴﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﺸﻜﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﺘﺘﺤﺩﺩ‬:‫ﺍﻹﻋﻼﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﺴﺎﺌل‬ ‫ﻋﺒﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺸﺎﻋﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺘﺭﻭﻴﺞ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﻔﺴﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺒﻌﺎﺩ‬ ‫ﻤﺎ‬‫؟‬‫ﺍﻟﺘﺎﻟﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﺭﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺴﺌﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺭﺌﻴﺱ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﺅﺍل‬ ‫ﻋﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﻴﻨﺒﺜﻕ‬:١-‫ﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﻔﺴﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺒﻌﺎﺩ‬ ‫ﻤﺎ‬‫؟‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﻋﻼﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﺴﺎﺌل‬ ‫ﻋﺒﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺸﺎﻋﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺘﺭﻭﻴﺞ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ‬٢-‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﺘﻤﻊ؟‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﻋﻼﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﺴﺎﺌل‬ ‫ﻋﺒﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺸﺎﻋﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺘﺭﻭﻴﺞ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﻔﺴﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺒﻌﺎﺩ‬ ‫ﻤﺎ‬٣-‫ﺇﺴﻼﻤﻲ؟‬ ‫ﻤﻨﻅﻭﺭ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﻋﻼﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﺴﺎﺌل‬ ‫ﻋﺒﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺸﺎﻋﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺘﺭﻭﻴﺞ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺤﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻘﺘﺭﺤﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﻠﻭل‬ ‫ﻤﺎ‬
  • 6. ‫ﺩ‬.‫ﺍﻟﻬﻤﺹ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﺘﺎﺡ‬ ‫ﻋﺒﺩ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﺩ‬.‫ﺸ‬ ‫ﻓﺎﻴﺯ‬‫ﻠﺩﺍﻥ‬١٥٠‫ﺍﻟﺩﺭﺍﺴﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﻫﺩﺍﻑ‬:‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﺭﺍﺴﺔ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﻩ‬ ‫ﻫﺩﻓﺕ‬:١-‫ﺍ‬‫ﺍﻟﻔﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺸﺎﻋﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺘﺭﻭﻴﺞ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﻔﺴﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺒﻌﺎﺩ‬ ‫ﻋﻥ‬ ‫ﻟﻜﺸﻑ‬.٢-‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﺘﻤﻊ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺸﺎﻋﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺘﺭﻭﻴﺞ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﻔﺴﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺒﻌﺎﺩ‬ ‫ﻋﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻜﺸﻑ‬.٣-‫ﺇﺴﻼﻤﻲ‬ ‫ﻤﻨﻅﻭﺭ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺸﺎﻋﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺘﺭﻭﻴﺞ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺤﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻘﺘﺭﺤﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﻠﻭل‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻑ‬‫ﺭ‬‫ﺍﻟﺘﻌ‬.‫ﺍﻟﺩﺭﺍﺴﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﻫﻤﻴﺔ‬:‫ﻴﻠ‬ ‫ﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﺨﻼل‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺃﻫﻤﻴﺘﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﺭﺍﺴﺔ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﻩ‬ ‫ﺘﻜﺘﺴﺏ‬‫ﻲ‬:١-‫ﺍﻹﺸﺎﻋﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺘﺭﻭﻴﺞ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺘﺭﺘﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﻔﺴﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺸﻜﻼﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺩ‬.٢-‫ﺍﻟﺨﺒﺭ‬ ‫ﻨﻘل‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻤﻭﻀﻭﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺼﺩﻕ‬ ‫ﺘﺤﺭﻱ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﻋﻼﻡ‬ ‫ﻟﻭﺴﺎﺌل‬ ‫ﺭﺍﺠﻌﺔ‬ ‫ﺘﻐﺫﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺘﻘﺩﻡ‬.٣-‫ﺍﻹﺸﺎﻋﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻨﺸﺭ‬ ‫ﺘﺠﻨﺏ‬ ‫ﻨﺤﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﺘﻤﻊ‬ ‫ﺃﻓﺭﺍﺩ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﻭﺠﻴﻪ‬ ‫ﺇﺭﺸﺎﺩ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﺭﺍﺴﺔ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﻩ‬ ‫ﺘﺴﺎﻫﻡ‬.٤-‫ﺍﻹﺸﺎﻋﺎ‬ ‫ﺘﺭﻭﻴﺞ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺤﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺴﻼﻡ‬ ‫ﻨﻅﺭ‬ ‫ﻭﺠﻬﺔ‬ ‫ﺒﻴﺎﻥ‬‫ﺕ‬.‫ﺍﻟﺩﺭﺍﺴﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﻨﻬﺞ‬:‫ﺍﻟﻅـﺎﻫﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻭﺼـﻑ‬ ‫ﻴﺤـﺎﻭل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺫﻱ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺤﻠﻴﻠﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻭﺼﻔﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻨﻬﺞ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﺭﺍﺴﺔ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﻩ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺎﺤﺜﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﺴﺘﺨﺩﻡ‬‫ﺤﻭﻟﻬـﺎ‬ ‫ﺘﻁـﺭﺡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘـﻲ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻵﺭﺍﺀ‬ ‫ﻤﻜﻭﻨﺎﺘﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺒﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻼﻗﺔ‬ ‫ﺒﻴﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺜﻡ‬ ‫ﺒﻴﺎﻨﺎﺘﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺘﺤﻠﻴل‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﺭﺍﺴﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﻭﻀﻭﻉ‬‫ﺘﺤﺩﺜﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻲ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻵﺜﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﺘﺘﻀﻤﻨﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻲ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻌﻤﻠﻴﺎﺕ‬.‫ﺍﻟﺩﺭﺍﺴﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﺼﻁﻠﺤﺎﺕ‬:‫ﺍﻹﺸﺎﻋﺔ‬:-‫ﻫﻲ‬،‫ﺍﻟﻭﺍﻗـﻊ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﺸﻭﻴﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﻘﺎﺌﻕ‬ ‫ﺘﺯﻴﻴﻑ‬ ‫ﺘﻌﺘﻤﺩ‬ ،‫ﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﻁﺭﻑ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻴﻘﻭﻡ‬ ،‫ﹰ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﻏﺎﻟﺒ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺼﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻤﺠﻬﻭﻟﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﺨﺒﺎﺭ‬،‫ﻭﺍﻟﻘﻠـﻕ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺒﻠﺒﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻨﻭﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺭﻭﺡ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺄﺜﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﻬﺩﻑ‬ ،‫ﻭﺍﻟﻐﻤﻭﺽ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻷﻫﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺨﺒﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﻩ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﺘﺴﻡ‬‫ﹰ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﺍﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴـ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﹰ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻴ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﹰ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﺴﻴﺎﺴﻴ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﹰ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﻋﺴﻜﺭﻴ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻤﻨﺎﻭﺌﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺨﺼﻭﻡ‬ ‫ﺼﻔﻭﻑ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺸﻙ‬ ‫ﺒﺫﻭﺭ‬ ‫ﻭﺯﺭﻉ‬)،‫ﺍﻟﻤﻔﻠﺢ‬ ‫ﻤﺒﺎﺭﻙ‬١٩٩٤:١٤.(-‫ﺼﺤﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺘﺤﻘﻕ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﺘﻤﺤﻴﺹ‬ ‫ﺒﺩﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺱ‬ ‫ﻴﺘﻨﺎﻗﻠﻪ‬ ‫ﺃﻭﺤﺩﺙ‬ ‫ﻗﺼﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﺨﺒﺭ‬ ‫ﻋﻥ‬ ‫ﻋﺒﺎﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻫﻰ‬،‫ﻭﻏﺎﻟﺒﺎ‬‫ﺒﺎﻟﺘﻘﻠﻴل‬ ‫ﺃﻡ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟﺘﻬﻭﻴل‬ ‫ﺴﻭﺍﺀ‬ ‫ﻓﻴﻪ‬ ‫ﻤﺒﺎﻟﻐﺎ‬ ‫ﻴﻜﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ،‫ﺼﺤﻴﺢ‬ ‫ﻏﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﻴﻜﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﺎ‬)،‫ﻁﻪ‬ ‫ﻓﺭﺝ‬٢٠٠٣:٢٢.(-‫ﺒﺄﻨﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﹰ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﺇﺠﺭﺍﺌﻴ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺎﺤﺜﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﻴﻌﺭﻓﻬﺎ‬" :‫ﻤﺤﻘ‬ ‫ﻏﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﻴﺔ‬‫ﺼـﺤﻴﺤﺔ‬ ‫ﻏﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺃﻨﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟﻀﺭﻭﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻭﻟﻴﺱ‬ ‫ﻘﺔ‬‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﻋﻼﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﺴﺎﺌل‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﺁﺨﺭ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺸﺨﺹ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺘﻨﺘﻘل‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﺘﻤﻊ‬ ‫ﺃﻓﺭﺍﺩ‬"‫ﺍﻹﻋﻼﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﺴﺎﺌل‬:‫ﺸﺨﺹ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺨﺒﺭ‬.‫ﺠﺭﻴﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺨﺒﺭ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬.
  • 7. ‫ﺍﻹﺸﺎﻋﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺘﺭﻭﻴﺞ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﻔﺴﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺒﻌﺎﺩ‬‫ﻋﻼﺠﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﺴﺒل‬ ‫ﺍﻹﻋﻼﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﺴﺎﺌل‬ ‫ﻋﺒﺭ‬١٥١‫ﻤﺠﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺨﺒﺭ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬.‫ﺇﺫﺍﻋﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺨﺒﺭ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬.‫ﺘﻠﻔﺎﺯ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺨﺒﺭ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬.‫ﺨﻁﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺭﺴﺎﻟﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺨﺒﺭ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬.‫ﻤﺴﺠل‬ ‫ﺸﺭﻴﻁ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺨﺒﺭ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬.‫ﺍﻟﻌﻨﻜﺒﻭﺘﻴ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺸﺒﻜﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺨﺒﺭ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬‫ﺔ‬)‫ﺍﻹﻨﺘﺭﻨﺕ‬.(‫ﺒﻴﻨﻬﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻨﺘﺸﺎﺭﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺱ‬ ‫ﺒﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺨﺒﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﺘﻨﺎﻗل‬ ‫ﻁﺭﻕ‬ ‫ﻫﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻭﺴﺎﺌل‬ ‫ﻓﻬﺫﻩ‬.‫ﺴﺎﺒﻘﺔ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺍﺴﺎﺕ‬:‫ﺍﻻ‬ ‫ﺨﻼل‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬‫ﺍﻟﺩﺭﺍﺴـﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺒﻌـﺽ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﻴﺼﻼ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺎﺤﺜﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﺴﺘﻁﺎﻉ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﺘﺭﺒﻭﻱ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺩﺏ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻁﻼﻉ‬‫ﺍﻟﺘﺎﻟﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﺤﻭ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﺭﺍﺴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺘﻠﻙ‬ ‫ﺠﺎﺀﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﻗﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺎﻟﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﺭﺍﺴﺔ‬ ‫ﺒﻤﻭﻀﻭﻉ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺘﻌﻠﻘﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﺎﺒﻘﺔ‬:١.‫ﺩﺭﺍﺴ‬‫ﻋﺒﺎﺱ‬ ‫ﺔ‬)٢٠٠٥(‫ﺒﻌﻨﻭﺍﻥ‬:"‫ﺍﻟـﺩﻋﻭﺓ‬ ‫ﻀـﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﻔﺴﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺤﺭﺏ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺼﻬﻴﻭﻨﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﻋﻼﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﺴﺎﺌل‬‫ﻟﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﺼﺩﻱ‬ ‫ﻓﻠﺴﻁﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻤﻘﺎﻭﻤﺔ‬"‫ﻭﺴﺎﺌل‬ ‫ﻤﻜﻭﻨﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺃﻫﻡ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻌﺭﻑ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﺭﺍﺴﺔ‬ ‫ﻫﺩﻓﺕ‬‫ﺍﻟﺼﻬﻴﻭﻨﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﻋﻼﻡ‬‫ﻭﺃﺴـﺎﻟﻴﺒﻪ‬‫ﻭﺃﺒـﺭﺯ‬ ،‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﺼﺩﻱ‬ ‫ﻟﻤﻭﺍﺠﻬﺘﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﺒل‬ ‫ﺃﻓﻀل‬ ‫ﻭﻭﻀﻊ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﻋﻼﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﺎﺩﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﺘﺸﻜل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﻭﺍﻨﺏ‬‫ﻟﻬﺎ‬.‫ﻤـﺴﻴﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻋﺘﺒﺎﺭﻫﺎ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﺼﻬﻴﻭﻨﻲ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻜﻴﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺼﻬﻴﻭﻨﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﻋﻼﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﺴﺎﺌل‬ ‫ﺃﻫﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﺭﺍﺴﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﻅﻬﺭﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﻗﺩ‬‫ﺍﻟﺘﻔـﻭﻕ‬ ‫ﺘﺤﻘﻴـﻕ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺘﻬﺩﻑ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺸﺎﻤﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﺤﺭﺒﻪ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻴﺘﺠﺯﺃ‬ ‫ﻻ‬ ‫ﺠﺯﺀ‬ ‫ﻭﻫﻲ‬ ،‫ﹰ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﻋﺎﻟﻤﻴ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﺘﺭﺍﺒﻁﺔ‬ ‫ﹰ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﺴﻴﺎﺴﻴ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﻭﺠﻬﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﻔﺴﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺭﺏ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻫﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺩﺍﺓ‬ ‫ﻟﻜﻭﻨﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻵﺨﺭﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺴﻴﻁﺭﺓ‬.٢.‫ﺍ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺒﺩ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺍﺴﺔ‬‫ﷲ‬)٢٠٠٥(‫ﺒﻌﻨﻭﺍﻥ‬" :‫ﺍﻹﻋﻼﻤﻴـﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤـﺭﺏ‬:‫ﻓـﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻘـﺎﻭﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﻋـﻼﻡ‬ ‫ﻨﻤـﻭﺫﺝ‬‫ﻟﺒﻨﺎﻥ‬"‫ﻤﻥ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻤﺨﺘﻠﻔﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﻋﻼﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﺴﺎﺌل‬ ‫ﻋﺒﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺸﺎﻋﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺒﺙ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﻋﻼﻡ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﺭ‬ ‫ﺘﻌﺭﻑ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﺭﺍﺴﺔ‬ ‫ﻫﺩﻓﺕ‬‫ﺒﺎﻋﺘﺒﺎﺭﻫـﺎ‬ ،‫ﻭﻭﺠـﺩﺍﻨﻬﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﻌﻨﻭﻴـﺎﺘﻬﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺱ‬ ‫ﺃﻋﺼﺎﺏ‬ ‫ﻟﺘﻭﺠﻴﻪ‬ ‫ﻜﻭﺴﻴﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﻔﺴﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺭﺏ‬ ‫ﺍﻋﺘﻤﺎﺩ‬ ‫ﺨﻼل‬)‫ﺍﻟﻨﻔﺴﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺭﺏ‬(‫ﺃ‬‫ﺍﻟﺤـﺭﺏ‬ ‫ﻤـﻥ‬ ‫ﹰ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﻭﺍﺘـﺴﺎﻋ‬ ‫ﹰ‬‫ﻻ‬‫ﺸـﻤﻭ‬ ‫ﺃﻜﺜـﺭ‬ ‫ﻭﺠﺒﻬﺘﻬﺎ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻌﺴﻜﺭﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺭﺏ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺨﻁﺭ‬‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺘﺴﺘﺨﺩﻡ‬ ‫ﻷﻨﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﹰ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﺩﻭﺍﻤ‬ ‫ﺃﻜﺜﺭ‬ ‫ﻫﻲ‬ ‫ﻜﺫﻟﻙ‬ ،‫ﺴﻭﺍﺀ‬ ‫ﺤﺩ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻌﺴﻜﺭﻴﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺩﻨﻴﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺘﻬﺎﺠﻡ‬ ‫ﻷﻨﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺴﻜﺭﻴﺔ‬‫ﹰ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﻤﻌ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺴﻠﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺭﺏ‬ ‫ﺃﻭﻗﺎﺕ‬.‫ﺍﻷﺨﺒـﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﻭﻨـﺸﺭ‬ ، ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻘﺎﻭﻤـﺔ‬ ‫ﺤﻤﺎﻴـﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﻋﻼﻡ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﺭ‬ ‫ﺘﻌﺭﻑ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﺭﺍﺴﺔ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﻩ‬ ‫ﻫﺩﻓﺕ‬ ‫ﻜﻤﺎ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﻭﻀ‬‫ﺍ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﻋﻼﻤﻴـﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻵﻟـﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﻘﺎﺒل‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻌﺴﻜﺭﻴﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺩﻨﻴﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﻌﻨﻭﻴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺘﺭﻓﻊ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻲ‬ ‫ﻭﻋﻴﺔ‬‫ﻟﺨﺎﺼـﺔ‬‫ﺒﺎﻷ‬‫ﻋﺩﺍﺀ‬.
  • 8. ‫ﺩ‬.‫ﺍﻟﻬﻤﺹ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﺘﺎﺡ‬ ‫ﻋﺒﺩ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﺩ‬.‫ﺸ‬ ‫ﻓﺎﻴﺯ‬‫ﻠﺩﺍﻥ‬١٥٢٣-‫ﺸﻠﻴﻔﺭ‬ ‫ﺭﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺍﺴﺔ‬)٢٠٠٣(‫ﺒﻌﻨﻭﺍﻥ‬":‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﻔﺴﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺭﺏ‬)‫ﺇﺴﺭﺍﺌﻴل‬(‫ﺠﺩﻴﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺍﺴﺔ‬"‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﻔﺴﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺤﺭﺏ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻬﻴﻜﻠﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺸﺎﻜل‬ ‫ﺍﺴﺘﻌﺭﺍﺽ‬ ‫ﺘﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﺭﺍﺴﺔ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﻩ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬)‫ﺇﺴﺭﺍﺌﻴل‬(‫ﻭﻁـﺭﻕ‬،‫ﺤﻠﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﺇﻤﻜﺎﻨﻴﺔ‬‫ﺍﻟﻴﻬـﻭﺩﻱ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻨﻔﻭﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺒﺘﻌﺎﺩ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﺼﺩﺭﻩ‬ ،‫ﻭﺍﻟﻭﻋﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﻬﻡ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺸﻜﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﺼﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻭﻴﻜﻤﻥ‬،‫ﺍﻟﺩﻋﺎﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﻭﻀﻭﻉ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺩﻴﻤﻘﺭﺍﻁﻲ‬‫ﻭﺇﻥ‬‫ﺍﻷﺨﻴـﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻭﻗـﺕ‬ ‫ﻓـﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻤﺭﻴﻜـﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘـﺼﻭﺭ‬ ‫ﺼﻔﺔ‬‫ﺍﻷﻫﻤﻴـﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻋﺎﻟﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺠﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻴﻌﺘﺒﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﺭﻜﺔ‬ ‫ﺴﺎﺤﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﺒﻠﻭﻤﺎﺴﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﺎل‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ،‫ﻟﻠﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬‫ﻜﺎ‬ ‫ﺘﻨﺴﻴﻕ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺘﻌﻤل‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺠﻬﺯﺓ‬ ‫ﺠﻤﻴﻊ‬ ‫ﻭﻋﻠﻰ‬‫ﻤﺨﺘﻠﻔﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺃﺤﺩﺍﺙ‬ ‫ﻭﺴﺎﺌل‬ ‫ﻋﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﻋﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﻓﺼﺎﺡ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﻡ‬ ،‫ﻤل‬‫ﺍﻟﻨﺯﺍﻉ‬ ‫ﻨﻁﺎﻕ‬ ‫ﻭﻓﻲ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﺠﻤﺎﻫﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺄﺜﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺎﺠﺔ‬ ‫ﺤﻭل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻻﺴﺘﺨﺩﺍﻡ‬)‫ﺍﻹﺴـﺭﺍﺌﻴﻠﻲ‬(‫ﺍﻷﺴﺎﻟﻴﺏ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﷲ‬ ‫ﻭﺤﺯﺏ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﻠﺴﻁﻴﻨﻴﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﺴﺘﺨﺩﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺭﺒﻲ‬‫ﻤـﻥ‬ ‫ﻓﻬـﻡ‬ ،‫ﻤﺘﻌﺩﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﻨﺠﺎﺤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﺤﺼﺩﻭﺍ‬‫ﺠ‬‫ﻤﻌ‬‫ﺍﻟﺤﻀﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻻﻋﺘﺭﺍﻑ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻻﺴﺘﻌﺩﺍﺩ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺤﺯﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺼﻤﻴﻡ‬ ‫ﺒﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺍ‬‫ﻭﺒﻭﺍﺴﻁﺔ‬ ‫ﺠﺫﺍﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﺒﺎﺩﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻓﻤﻥ‬ ،‫ﺭﻱ‬‫ﺭﺴﺎﺌﻠﻬﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﻠﺴﻁﻴﻨﻴﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﺭﺭ‬ ‫ﻨﻘل‬ ‫ﺒﺴﻴﻁﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺴﺎﺌل‬)‫ﻹﺴﺭﺍﺌﻴل‬(‫ﻭﺍﻟﻌﺎﻟﻡ‬.‫ﺍﻟﺒﺎﺤﺜ‬ ‫ﻭﻴﺅﻜﺩ‬‫ﺎﻥ‬‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﻬﺎﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬"‫ﻭﺍﻹﺩﺭﺍﻙ‬ ‫ﺍﻟـﻭﻋﻲ‬ ‫ﻭﻨﻘـﺹ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﻫﻤﺎل‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺘﺘﺎﻟﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﻨﻭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬)‫ﺍﻹﺴﺭﺍﺌﻴﻠﻲ‬(‫ﻤﻨﺎﺴﺏ‬ ‫ﺇﺒﺩﺍﻉ‬ ‫ﺒﺄﻱ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﻴﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺠﻬﺯﺓ‬ ‫ﻗﺩﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻋﺩﻡ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺴﺎﻫﻤﺕ‬."٤-‫ﺍﻹﺩ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺍﺴﺔ‬‫ﺭﻴﺴﻲ‬)١٩٨٩(‫ﺒﻌﻨﻭﺍﻥ‬"،‫ﺍﻟـﺩﻤﺎﻍ‬ ‫ﻏـﺴل‬ ، ‫ﺍﻟﺸﺎﺌﻌﺎﺕ‬ ، ‫ﺍﻟﻨﻔﺴﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺭﺏ‬ ‫ﺃﺴﻠﺤﺔ‬‫ﻤﻨﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻭﻗﺎﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﺼﻭﺭ‬"‫ﺒﺈﺠﺭﺍﺀ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺎﺤﺙ‬ ‫ﻗﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﻗﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﻤﺎﻍ‬ ‫ﻭﻏﺴﻴل‬ ،‫ﺍﻹﺸﺎﻋﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺨﻁﻭﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺄﻜﻴﺩ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﺭﺍﺴﺔ‬ ‫ﻫﺩﻓﺕ‬،‫ﺍﻹﺴـﺭﺍﺌﻴﻠﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺤﺘﻼل‬ ‫ﺴﺠﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﹰ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﺴﺎﺒﻘ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﻠﺴﻁﻴﻨﻴﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﺘﻘﻠﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻋﻴﻨﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻤﻴﺩﺍﻨﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺍﺴﺔ‬‫ﹰ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﻤﺜﺒﺘـ‬،‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﺭﻭﻓـﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﻤﺎﻍ‬ ‫ﻏﺴﻴل‬ ‫ﻁﺭﻕ‬ ‫ﺤﺴﺏ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﺘﻘﻠﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻷﻭﻟﺌﻙ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﻤﺎﻍ‬ ‫ﻟﻐﺴﻴل‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺴﺭﺍﺌﻴﻠﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺩﻭ‬ ‫ﻤﺤﺎﻭﻻﺕ‬‫ﻟﻠﺘـﺎﺭﻴﺦ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻭﻟـﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﺘـﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻋﻠـﻰ‬ ‫ﹰ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﻔﺴﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺤﺭﺏ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺎﺭﻴﺨﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﻴﺎﻕ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺎﺤﺙ‬ ‫ﺘﻁﺭﻕ‬ ‫ﻭﻗﺩ‬‫ﺍﻟﺩﺭﺍﺴﺔ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﻩ‬ ‫ﻫﺩﻑ‬ ‫ﻟﻜﻭﻨﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﹰ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﻨﻅﺭ‬ ‫ﻤﻔﺼل‬ ‫ﺒﺸﻜل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﻤﺎﻍ‬ ‫ﻭﻏﺴﻴل‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺸﺎﻋﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﻨﺎﻭل‬ ،‫ﺍﻹﺴﻼﻤﻲ‬.‫ﻭ‬‫ﻓـﻲ‬‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﻋﻠـﻰ‬ ‫ﹰ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﻤﻌﺘﻤﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﻤﺎﻍ‬ ‫ﻭﻏﺴﻴل‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺸﺎﻋﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺨﻁﺭ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻭﻗﺎﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﹰ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﺘﺼﻭﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺎﺤﺙ‬ ‫ﻭﻀﻊ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﺭﺍﺴﺔ‬ ‫ﻨﻬﺎﻴﺔ‬‫ﺍﻹ‬ ‫ﻤﻭﺍﺠﻬﺔ‬‫ﺸﺎﻋﺎﺕ‬)‫ﺍ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻷﺴﺭﻉ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻋﻡ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻋﺘﺒﺎﺭﻫﺎ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﺘﻤﻊ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﹰ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﻨﺘﺸﺎﺭ‬(‫ﺍﻹﺸـﺎﻋﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺘﺤﻠﻴـل‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺘﻜﻤﻥ‬ ‫؛‬‫ﺨـﻼل‬ ‫ﻤـﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﻭﺍﺠﻬﺘﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺴﻼﻤﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻨﻬﺞ‬ ‫ﺍﺘﺒﺎﻉ‬ ‫ﺜﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﻥ‬ ،‫ﻭﻤﺼﺩﺭﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﺃﻫﺩﺍﻓﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻤﻔﺭﺩﺍﺘﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻟﻤﻌﺭﻓﺔ‬‫ﻭﺍﻹﻋﻼﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺭﺒﻭﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺅﺴﺴﺎﺕ‬.‫ﺘﻌﻘ‬‫ﻴﺏ‬‫ﺍﻟﺴﺎﺒﻘﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﺭﺍﺴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬:١‫ﺍﻟﻨﻔـﺴﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺭﺏ‬ ‫ﺃﺴﺎﻟﻴﺏ‬ ‫ﺒﺙ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺨﺘﻠﻔﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﻋﻼﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﺴﺎﺌل‬ ‫ﺩﻭﺭ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﺎﺒﻘﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﺭﺍﺴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺭﻜﺯﺕ‬ ‫ـ‬‫ﺍﻟﺸﻌﻭﺏ‬ ‫ﻤﻌﻨﻭﻴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻨﻴل‬.٢‫ﻤﻥ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻌﺴﻜﺭﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟﺤﺭﺏ‬ ‫ﻤﻘﺎﺭﻨﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﻌﺭﻜﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﻱ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﻔﺴﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺭﺏ‬ ‫ﺘﻔﻭﻕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﺎﺒﻘﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﺭﺍﺴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺃﻅﻬﺭﺕ‬ ‫ـ‬‫ﻗ‬ ‫ﺤﻴﺙ‬‫ﻭﺍﻟﺒﺸﺭﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺎﺩﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺨﺴﺎﺌﺭ‬ ‫ﻠﺔ‬.
  • 9. ‫ﺍﻹﺸﺎﻋﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺘﺭﻭﻴﺞ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﻔﺴﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺒﻌﺎﺩ‬‫ﻋﻼﺠﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﺴﺒل‬ ‫ﺍﻹﻋﻼﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﺴﺎﺌل‬ ‫ﻋﺒﺭ‬١٥٣٣‫ﺍﻟﻔﺘﻨـﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺒﺙ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﺘﻤﻌﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺘﻔﻜﻙ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﻭﺩﻭﺭﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺸﺎﻋﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺨﻁﻭﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻋﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﺎﺒﻘﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﺭﺍﺴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻜﺸﻔﺕ‬ ‫ـ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﺘﻤﻊ‬ ‫ﺃﻓﺭﺍﺩ‬ ‫ﺒﻴﻥ‬.٤‫ﺃﻫـﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﺴـﺘﺨﻼﺹ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻨﻅﺭﻱ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﻁﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﺒﻨﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﺎﺒﻘﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﺭﺍﺴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺎﻟﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﺭﺍﺴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﺴﺘﻔﺎﺩﺕ‬ ‫ـ‬‫ﺍﻹﺴ‬ ‫ﻤﻨﻬﺞ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻌﺭﻑ‬ ‫ﻭﻜﺫﻟﻙ‬ ،‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻭﺼﻴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﺘﺎﺌﺞ‬‫ﺍﻟﻨﻔﺴﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺭﺏ‬ ‫ﺨﻁﺭ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻭﻗﺎﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﻼﻡ‬.٥‫ﺍﻟﻔـﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﻤـﻥ‬ ‫ﻜـل‬ ‫ﺘﺄﺜﺭ‬ ‫ﻤﺩﻯ‬ ‫ﺃﻅﻬﺭﺕ‬ ‫ﺃﻨﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﺎﺒﻘﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﺭﺍﺴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻋﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺎﻟﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﺭﺍﺴﺔ‬ ‫ﺘﻤﻴﺯﺕ‬ ‫ـ‬‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻘﻀﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻨﺎﺴﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﻠﻭل‬ ‫ﻭﺇﻴﺠﺎﺩ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻤﺨﺘﻠﻔﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﻋﻼﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﺴﺎﺌل‬ ‫ﺘﺒﺜﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻲ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻹﺸﺎﻋﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻤﺠﺘﻤﻊ‬‫ﺍﻹﺴﻼﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﻅﺭ‬ ‫ﻭﺠﻬﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺸﺎﻋﺎﺕ‬.‫ﺍﻟﻨﻅﺭﻱ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﻁﺎﺭ‬:‫ﻭﻴـﺅﺜﺭ‬ ،‫ﺍﻹﻨﺴﺎﻨﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﻋﻤﺎﻕ‬ ‫ﻴﺴﺘﻬﺩﻑ‬ ‫ﻉ‬‫ﺼﺭﺍ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻘﻭﻯ‬ ‫ﺒﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺼﺭﺍﻉ‬ ‫ﺠﺩ‬‫ﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺨﻠﻴﻘﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﷲ‬ ‫ﺨﻠﻕ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﻨﺫ‬‫ﹼﺎﻜـﺔ‬‫ﺘ‬‫ﺍﻟﻔ‬ ‫ﺒﺄﺴﻠﺤﺘﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺘﺴﺘﻬﺩﻑ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻨﻜﺒﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻜﻭﺍﺭﺙ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻷﺯﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺭﻭﺏ‬ ‫ﻜﺎﻨﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﺇﺫﺍ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﺒﺸﺭﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻜﻴﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬‫ﺤﻴﺙ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﻨﺴﺎﻥ‬:‫ﺍﻟﺤـﻭﺍﺩﺙ‬ ‫ﻀـﻔﺎﻑ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺘﺘﻭﺍﻟﺩ‬ ‫ﻤﺴﺘﺘﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺴﺎﻓﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﹰ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﺤﺭﺒ‬ ‫ﻫﻨﺎﻙ‬ ‫ﻓﺈﻥ‬ ،‫ﻭﺒﻨﺎﺅﻩ‬ ،‫ﺠﺴﺩﻩ‬‫ﺘـﺴﺘﻬﺩﻑ‬ ‫ﻷﻨﻬـﺎ‬ ،‫ﹰ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﻓﺘﻜـ‬ ‫ﻭﺃﻗﻭﻯ‬ ‫ﻀﺭﺍﻭﺓ‬ ‫ﺩ‬‫ﺃﺸ‬ ‫ﻭﻫﻲ‬ ،‫ﺭﺍﺕ‬‫ﻴ‬‫ﻭﺍﻟﻤﺘﻐ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻘﻠﺒﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺯﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﺘﻜﺎﺜﺭ‬ ،‫ﺎﺕ‬‫ﻤ‬ِ‫ﻠ‬‫ﻭﺍﻟﻤ‬‫ﺍﻹﻋﻼﻤﻴـﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻷﺴـﺎﻟﻴﺏ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻭﺴﺎﺌل‬ ‫ﺠﻤﻴﻊ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﺴﺘﺨﺩﻡ‬ ،‫ﻭﻨﻤﺎﺅﻩ‬ ‫ﻪ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ﻭﻗﻴ‬ ،‫ﻭﻋﻁﺎﺅﻩ‬ ‫ﹸﻪ‬‫ﻘ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ﻋ‬ ‫ﺤﻴﺙ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﻨﺴﺎﻥ‬‫ﺍﻟﻌﺴﻜﺭﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺭﻭﺏ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺴﻘﻁﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻲ‬ ‫ﺃﻫﺩﺍﻓﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻟﺘﺤﻘﻴﻕ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻤﺨﺘﻠﻔﺔ‬.‫ﺍﻟ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻁﻭﺭ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﺍ‬ ‫ﻅل‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬‫ﻓـﻲ‬ ‫ﻫـﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﻋﻼﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻶﻟﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﺼﺒﺢ‬ ،‫ﻭﺍﻻﺘﺼﺎل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻜﻨﻭﻟﻭﺠﻴﺎ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﻬﺎﺌل‬‫ﺴﻠﻭﻜﻬﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﺤﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﺭﻏﺒﺎﺘﻬﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﻴﻭﻟﻬﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﺘﺠﺎﻫﺎﺘﻬﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﺸﻜﻴل‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﺘﻤﻊ‬ ‫ﺃﻓﺭﺍﺩ‬ ‫ﻟﺩﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻭﻋﻲ‬ ‫ﺘﻜﻭﻴﻥ‬،‫ﺍﻵﺨﺭﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺘﺠﺎﻩ‬"‫ﺍﻹﻋﻼﻤـﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺨﻁـﺎﺏ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺠﻌل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻴﻭﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻟﻡ‬ ‫ﻓﻀﺎﺌﻴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺒﻴﺕ‬ ‫ﻜل‬ ‫ﺍﻨﻔﺘﺎﺡ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﻜﻤﺎ‬‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺘﻭﻅﻴﻔﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻴﻤﻜﻥ‬ ‫ﺃﺩﺍﺓ‬،‫ﺍﻟﻘﻁﺭﻴـﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘـﻀﺎﻴﺎ‬ ‫ﻟﻴـﺸﻤل‬ ‫ﻴﻤﺘـﺩ‬ ‫ﺒـل‬ ،‫ﻭﺍﻟﺠﻤﺎﻋﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﺭﺃﻱ‬ ‫ﻤﺴﺘﻭﻯ‬‫ﺤﻭﻟﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺠﺩﺍل‬ ‫ﻻ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﻀﺎﺌﻴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻓﺎﺌﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﻭﺒﺎﺘﺕ‬ ،‫ﻭﺍﻟﺩﻭﻟﻴﺔ‬ ،‫ﻭﺍﻻﻗﻠﻴﻤﻴﺔ‬)"،‫ﺍﻟﺯﻫﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﻤﺤﻤﻭﺩ‬٢٠٠٤:٢٣(‫ﻓﻠﻘﺩ‬ ‫ﺒﻌﻴﺩ‬ ٍ‫ﻥ‬‫ﺯﻤ‬ ‫ﻤﻨﺫ‬ ‫ﹰ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﻤﻌﺭﻭﻓ‬ ‫ﻜﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺒل‬ ، ‫ﹰ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﺠﺩﻴﺩ‬ ‫ﹰ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﺤﺩﺜ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﻋﻼﻡ‬ ‫ﻴﻜﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﻟﻡ‬‫ﺍﻟﺠﺎﻫﻠﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺭﺏ‬ ‫ﻋﺭﻓﺕ‬‫ﻋﺭﻓﻭ‬ ‫ﻓﻘﺩ‬ ، ‫ﺤﻘﺔ‬ ‫ﹰ‬‫ﺔ‬‫ﻤﻌﺭﻓ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﻋﻼﻡ‬‫ﻭﻜﺎﻨـﺕ‬ ،‫ﻭﺍﻟﻨـﺸﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﻋﺎﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺴﺎﺌل‬ ‫ﺃﻫﻡ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﻫﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺨﻁﺎﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺸﻌﺭ‬ ‫ﺍ‬‫ﺃﺴـﻠﻭﺏ‬ ‫ﻜـﺫﻟﻙ‬ ‫ﻭﻋﺭﻓـﻭﺍ‬ ،‫ﺠﺎﺯ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ﺍﻟ‬ ‫ﻭﺫﻱ‬ ،‫ﻋﻜﺎﻅ‬ ‫ﻜﺴﻭﻕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺸﻬﻭﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺴﻭﺍﻕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻐﺎﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻬﺫﻩ‬ ‫ﺘﺨﺼﺹ‬‫ﺍﻟﻘﺒﺎﺌل‬ ‫ﺒﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﺸﻬﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﻋﺎﻴﺔ‬.،‫ﺠﻤﻌﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺸﺭﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺒﻨﻭﺭﻩ‬ ‫ﻭﺃﻀﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺴﻼﻡ‬ ‫ﺠﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﻭﻋﻨﺩﻤﺎ‬"‫ﻭﺴﻠﻡ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻴﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﷲ‬ ‫ﺼﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺭﺴﻭل‬ ‫ﺃﺩﺭﻙ‬‫ﺃﻫﻤﻴ‬ ‫ﺒﻔﻁﺭﺘﻪ‬‫ﻫـﺫﻩ‬ ‫ﻴﺴﻘﻁ‬ ‫ﻭﻟﻡ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﺤﻘﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﺘﻠﻙ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺭﺏ‬ ‫ﺠﺯﻴﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺘﺎﺤﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﻋﻼﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﺴﺎﺌل‬ ‫ﺍﺴﺘﺜﻤﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﺔ‬‫ﺘﺘﻭﺠﻪ‬ ‫ﻜﺎﻨﺕ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﺒﻌﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺴﻼﻡ‬ ‫ﻟﺨﺩﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﻫﺩﺍﻓﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﻁﻭﻴﺭ‬ ،‫ﻤﺴﺎﺭﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﺒﺘﻌﺩﻴل‬ ‫ﻗﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﻟﻜﻨﻪ‬ ‫ﺤﺴﺎﺒﻪ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻭﺴﺎﺌل‬‫ﻭﻤـﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﺎﻫﻠﻴـﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﺭﺏ‬ ‫ﺒﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻨﺘﺸﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺸﺭﻭﺭ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﻌﻤﻴﻕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﺘﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺇﺸﻌﺎل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﻼﻗل‬ ‫ﻭﺇﺜﺎﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺨﻼﻓﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻟﺒﺙ‬‫ﻫﺫ‬ ‫ﺃﺒﺭﺯ‬‫ﺍﻟﻭﺴﺎﺌل‬ ‫ﻩ‬:
  • 10. ‫ﺩ‬.‫ﺍﻟﻬﻤﺹ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﺘﺎﺡ‬ ‫ﻋﺒﺩ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﺩ‬.‫ﺸ‬ ‫ﻓﺎﻴﺯ‬‫ﻠﺩﺍﻥ‬١٥٤١‫ﺍﻟﺸﻌﺭﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﺼﻴﺩﺓ‬ ‫ـ‬:‫ﺍﻟﻌـﺼﺭ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺭﺏ‬ ‫ﺒﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺘﺼﺎل‬ ‫ﻭﺴﺎﺌل‬ ‫ﺃﺒﺭﺯ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﹰ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﻭﺍﺤﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺸﻌﺭ‬ ‫ﻜﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺤﻴﺙ‬‫ﺍﻟﻨﺒـﻲ‬ ‫ﺠﻌﻠﻬـﺎ‬ ‫ﻓﻘﺩ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﺸﻌﺭﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻘﺼﻴﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﻋﻼﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﺩﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﺴﺘﻔﺎﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺴﻼﻡ‬ ‫ﺠﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﻭﺤﻴﻥ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﺠﺎﻫﻠﻲ‬‫ﺍ‬ ‫ﺒﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﻨﺸﺭﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺴﻼﻡ‬ ‫ﺭﺴﺎﻟﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﺤﻤل‬ ‫ﺎﻟﺔ‬‫ﻌ‬‫ﺍﻟﻔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻭﺴﺎﺌل‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﺤﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﻭﺴﻠﻡ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻴﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﷲ‬ ‫ﺼﻠﻰ‬‫ﻟﺠﻤﺎﻫﻴﺭ‬.٢‫ﺍﻟﺨﻁﺎﺒﺔ‬ ‫ـ‬:‫ﺍﻷﻤـﻡ‬ ‫ﻤـﻥ‬ ٍ‫ﺭ‬‫ﻜﺜﻴـ‬ ‫ﺒﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﺯﺩﻫﺭﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﺩﻴﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﻋﻼﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﺴﺎﺌل‬ ‫ﺃﻫﻡ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺨﻁﺎﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﺘﻌﺩ‬‫ﻋـﺭﺏ‬ ‫ﺒـﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﻋـﻼﻡ‬ ‫ﺤﻘـل‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺅﺜﺭ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﺭﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﺘﻠﻌﺏ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻭﺴﻴﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﻩ‬ ‫ﻭﻜﺎﻨﺕ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻘﺩﻴﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺤﻀﺎﺭﺍﺕ‬‫ﻓﺎﺴﺘﺜﻤ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﻋﻼﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﻫﻤﻴﺘﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﻼﻡ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻴﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺭﺴﻭل‬ ‫ﻭﺃﺩﺭﻙ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺨﻁﺎﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﻗﻴﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺴﻼﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﻋﺭﻑ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﺠﺎﻫﻠﻴﺔ‬‫ﺭﻫﺎ‬‫ﺍﻟﺼﺩﺩ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﺍ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﹰ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﺒﺎﺭﺯ‬ ‫ﹰ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﺩﻭﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﺒﻭﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺨﻁﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﻜﺎﻥ‬ ،‫ﺒﺤﻘﺎﺌﻘﻪ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻹﻋﻼﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺴﻼﻡ‬ ‫ﻨﺸﺭ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﺭﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﻟﺘﻠﻌﺏ‬‫ﺘﻌﺎﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﻟﻘﻭﻟﻪ‬ ‫ﹰ‬‫ﻻ‬‫ﺍﻤﺘﺜﺎ‬ ‫ﺭﺒﻪ‬ ‫ﻋﻨﺩ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺠﺎﺀﻩ‬ ‫ﺒﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﻗﻭﻤﻪ‬ ‫ﱢﻡ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ﻟﻴﻌ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺼﻔﺎ‬ ‫ﺠﺒل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﻼﻡ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻴﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﺒﻲ‬ ‫ﺼﻌﺩ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﻨﺫ‬:﴿‫ﻥ‬‫ِﻴ‬‫ﺒ‬‫ﺭ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻗ‬َ‫ﺄ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﺍ‬ ‫ﻙ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﺘ‬‫ﺭ‬‫ِﻴ‬‫ﺸ‬‫ﻋ‬ ‫ﺭ‬ِ‫ﺫ‬‫َﻨ‬‫ﺃ‬‫ﻭ‬﴾)‫ﺍﻵﻴﺔ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﺸﻌﺭﺍﺀ‬:٢١٤(.٣‫ـ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﻨﺎﺩﺍﺓ‬:‫ﺍﻟﻭﺴﻴﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﻩ‬ ‫ﺘﺯﺍل‬ ‫ﻭﻻ‬ ‫ﻗﺩﻴﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﺇﻋﻼﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺴﻴﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﻌﺩ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﺘﻤﻌـﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻜﺜﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﻤﻨﺘﺸﺭﺓ‬‫ﺍﻟﺒﺩﺍﺌﻴﺔ‬‫ﺒﺎﻷﺤﺩﺍﺙ‬ ‫ﺃﻫﻠﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻹﻋﻼﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻨﻁﻘﺔ‬ ‫ﻴﺠﻭﺏ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻨﺎﺩﻱ‬ ‫ﻓﻜﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﺎﻫﻠﻲ؛‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺼﺭ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺭﺏ‬ ‫ﻤﺎﺭﺴﻬﺎ‬ ،‫ﻗﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺼﻼﺓ‬ ‫ﺃﻭﻗﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻋﻥ‬ ‫ﻟﻺﻋﻼﻡ‬ ‫ﻨﺩﺍﺀ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺴﻼﻡ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﺩﺍﺀ‬ ‫ﺘﻁﻭﺭ‬ ‫ﻭﻗﺩ‬ ،‫ﺫﻟﻙ‬ ‫ﻏﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻬﺎﻤﺔ‬‫ﺘﻌﺎﻟﻰ‬ ‫ل‬:﴿ٍ‫ﻕ‬‫ِﻴـ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ﻋ‬ ‫ﺞ‬‫ﹶـ‬‫ﻓ‬ ‫ﱢ‬‫ل‬‫ﹸ‬‫ﻜ‬ ‫ِﻥ‬‫ﻤ‬ ‫ﻥ‬‫ِﻴ‬‫ﺘ‬ْ‫ﺄ‬‫ﻴ‬ ٍ‫ﺭ‬ِ‫ﻤ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﻀ‬ ‫ﱢ‬‫ل‬‫ﹸ‬‫ﻜ‬ ‫ﹶﻰ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ﻋ‬‫ﻭ‬ ‫ﹰ‬‫ﻻ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﺠ‬ِ‫ﺭ‬ ‫ﻙ‬‫ﹸﻭ‬‫ﺘ‬ْ‫ﺄ‬‫ﻴ‬ ‫ﺞ‬‫ﺤ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ِﺎ‬‫ﺒ‬ ِ‫ﺱ‬‫ﱠﺎ‬‫ﻨ‬‫ﺍﻟ‬ ‫ِﻲ‬‫ﻓ‬ ‫ﱢﻥ‬‫ﺫ‬َ‫ﺃ‬‫ﻭ‬﴾)،‫ﺍﻟﺤـﺞ‬‫ﺍﻵﻴﺔ‬:٢٧.(٤‫ﺍﻟﺒﺭﻴﺩ‬ ‫ـ‬:‫ﺍﻟﻔﺭﺱ‬ ‫ﻋﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺭﺏ‬ ‫ﻨﻘﻠﻪ‬ ‫ﻭﻗﺩ‬ ،‫ﻫﺎﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﺇﻋﻼﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻜﻭﺴﻴﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺴﻼﻤﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺎﺭﻴﺦ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺭﻴﺩ‬ ‫ﻋﺭﻑ‬‫ﺍﻟﺒﺭﻴﺩ‬ ‫ﻭﺼل‬ ‫ﻭﻗﺩ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺯﻨﻁﻴﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻋﻥ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬‫ﺍﻟﺠـﻭﻱ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺭﻴﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﺴﺘﺨﺩﻡ‬ ‫ﺤﻴﺙ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻤﻤﺎﻟﻴﻙ‬ ‫ﺯﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺘﻘﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻏﺎﻴﺔ‬‫ﺍﻟﺤﺭﺏ‬ ‫ﻭﺃﻤﻭﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺨﺒﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﻟﻨﻘل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺯﺍﺠل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﻤﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺒﻭﺍﺴﻁﺔ‬)،‫ﺤﻤﺎﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺼﻼﺡ‬٢٠٠٢:١٢٢.(‫ﻨـﺸﺭ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﻭﻏﻴﺭﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﻋﻼﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻭﺴﺎﺌل‬ ‫ﻫﺫﻩ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺎﻀﻲ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺴﻼﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﻋﻭﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﺴﺘﻔﺎﺩﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﻫﻜﺫﺍ‬‫ﺍﻹ‬ ‫ﻭﻀﻌﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻀﻭﺍﺒﻁ‬ ‫ﻀﻤﻥ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺱ‬ ‫ﺒﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﻴﻥ‬‫ﻭﺍﻷﻤـﻭﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺨﺒـﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﻨـﺸﺭ‬ ‫ﻤﻊ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻌﺎﻤل‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺴﻼﻡ‬‫ﺒﺎﻟﺩﻋﻭﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺨﺎﺼﺔ‬.‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﻤﺘﻌﺩﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﺃﺴﺎﻟﻴﺏ‬ ‫ﻴﺴﺘﺨﺩﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﺃﺼﺒﺢ‬ ،‫ﻭﻭﺴﺎﺌﻠﻪ‬ ‫ﻤﺅﺴﺴﺎﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﺘﻁﻭﺭﺕ‬ ‫ﻋﻨﺩﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﻋﻼﻡ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﺭ‬ ‫ﺘﻁﻭﺭ‬ ‫ﺜﻡ‬‫ﺍﻟـﺩﻭل‬ ‫ﻤـﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻜﺜﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺩﻓﻊ‬ ‫ﻤﻤﺎ‬ ،‫ﻭﺍﻟﻤﺤﻠﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻹﻗﻠﻴﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻟﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺤﺩﺍﺙ‬ ‫ﺒﻤﺠﺭﻴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺘﻌﻠﻘﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺨﺒﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﻨﺸﺭ‬‫ﺍﻟﻌﺴﻜﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺨﻴﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﺇﺴﻘﺎﻁ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻜﺒﺭﻯ‬‫ﺍﻟﺒﻠﺩﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺜﺭﻭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻟﻨﻬﺏ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﺨﺎﺼﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﺼﺎﻟﺤﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻋﻥ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺩﻓﺎﻉ‬ ‫ﻜﻭﺴﻴﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﻱ‬‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺭﻏﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﻋﻠﻰ‬ ،‫ﻭﺍﺴﺘﻌﻤﺎﺭﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﻘﻴﺭﺓ‬‫ﺍﻤﺘﻼﻜﻬﺎ‬‫ﻫـﺫﻩ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﺃﻴﻘﻨﺕ‬ ‫ﺃﻨﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺇﻻ‬ ،‫ﻭﺍﻟﻤﺩﻤﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﺘﺎﻜﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻸﺴﻠﺤﺔ‬‫ﺍﻟﻨﻔـﺴﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺒـﺎﻟﺤﺭﻭﺏ‬ ‫ﹰ‬‫ﺔ‬‫ﻤﻘﺎﺭﻨـ‬ ،‫ﺒﺸﺭﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺨﺴﺎﺌﺭ‬ ‫ﻤﺎﺩﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺘﻜﻠﻔﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﻜﺜﺭ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﺘﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻘﻠﻴﺩﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻷﺴﺎﻟﻴﺏ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻭﺴﺎﺌل‬،‫ﺍﻟﻤﻭﺠﻬﺔ‬‫ﺃﺨﺫ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟﺘﺎﻟﻲ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤـﺴﺘﺨﺩﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺴـﻠﺤﺔ‬ ‫ﺒﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻜﺒﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﻴﺯ‬ ‫ﻴﺤﺘل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﻔﺴﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺘﻭﻯ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻌﺎﻤل‬‫ﺃﻜﺜـﺭ‬ ‫ﹰ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﺇﻁـﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﻔﺴﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺭﺏ‬ ‫ﻓﻴﻪ‬ ‫ﻭﺃﺨﺫﺕ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺘﻬﺩﻓﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﻋﻲ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺘﺄﺜﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﺩﻴﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﻭﻟﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﻅﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬‫ﺍﻟﺩﻗﻴﻕ‬ ‫ﻤﻔﻬﻭﻤﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﺒﺎﺕ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﺭﻭﻓﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﺩﻭﺍﺘﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺃﺤﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﻋﻼﻡ‬ ‫ﻓﻴﻪ‬ ‫ﻭﺃﺼﺒﺢ‬ ‫ﺸﻤﻭﻟﻴﺔ‬:‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻁﻴـﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﺴـﺘﺨﺩﺍﻡ‬
  • 11. ‫ﺍﻹﺸﺎﻋﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺘﺭﻭﻴﺞ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﻔﺴﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺒﻌﺎﺩ‬‫ﻋﻼﺠﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﺴﺒل‬ ‫ﺍﻹﻋﻼﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﺴﺎﺌل‬ ‫ﻋﺒﺭ‬١٥٥‫ﺍﻟﺴﺭﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﻔﺴﻴﺔ‬‫ﻭﺘﻌـﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤـﺼﺎﻟﺢ‬ ‫ﺘﺄﻤﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺘﺴﻬل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻲ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻻﺘﺠﺎﻫﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻵﺭﺍﺀ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﻨﺎﻋﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻹﻴﺠﺎﺩ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻌﻠﻨﻴﺔ‬‫ﺍﻟﺼﺭﺍﻉ‬ ‫ﺇﺩﺍﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬‫ﻭﺘﺤﻠﻴﻠﻪ‬.‫ﺇﻥ‬‫ﺍﻟﻨﻅـﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺘﻁﺒﻴﻘﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺒﺸﻴﻭﻉ‬ ‫ﻭﻻ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﻋﻼﻡ‬ ‫ﺘﻘﻨﻴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺒﺘﻁﻭﺭ‬ ‫ﻨﺸﺄﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﺘﺭﺘﺒﻁ‬ ‫ﻟﻡ‬ ‫ﻤﻔﻬﻭﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﻔﺴﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺭﺏ‬‫ﺠﻨ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺴﻜﺭﻴﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﺎﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﺒﻌﺽ‬ ‫ﺃﺩﺭﻙ‬ ‫ﻋﻨﺩﻤﺎ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﺤﺭﻭﺏ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﻴﻌﻭﺩ‬ ‫ﺒل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﺩﻴﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﻭﻟﻲ‬‫ﻗﺘﺎﻻ‬ ‫ﻴﻘﺎﺘﻠﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺩﻫﻡ‬‫ﻋـﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﻓﺎﻉ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﻴﺴﺘﺒﺴﻠﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺫﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺩﻭ‬ ‫ﺠﻨﻭﺩ‬ ‫ﻭﻜﺫﻟﻙ‬ ،‫ﺃﺨﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺘﺎﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﺒﻥ‬ ‫ﺤﺩ‬ ‫ﻭﻴﺘﺒﻠﺩﻭﻥ‬ ،‫ﺘﺎﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺸﺭﺴﺎ‬‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻤـل‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﻨﻔﻌﺎﻟﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻨﺎﻗﺽ‬ ‫ﺫﻟﻙ‬ ‫ﻋﺯﻭﺍ‬ ‫ﺤﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺃﺨﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺘﺎﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻤﺘﻘﻬﻘﺭﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﻴﻨﺴﺤﺒﻭﻥ‬ ،‫ﺘﺎﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻤﻭﺍﻀﻌﻬﻡ‬‫ﻭﺇﻀﻌﺎ‬ ،‫ﻋﻨﺩﻫﻡ‬ ‫ﺘﻘﻭﻴﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﻭﺴﺎﺌل‬ ‫ﻭﺘﻁﻭﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﻟﺩﺭﺍﺴﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺨﺘﺼﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﻭﺠﻬﻭﺍ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﻔﺴﻲ‬،‫ﺨﺼﻭﻤﻬﻡ‬ ‫ﻋﻨﺩ‬ ‫ﻓﻪ‬‫ﺘﺤـﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﻀـﻌﺕ‬ ،‫ﻭﺍﻷﺩﻭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻭﺴـﺎﺌل‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺩﻴﺩ‬ ‫ﺸﻤﻠﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﺎل‬ ‫ﻫﺫﺍ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻠﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺇﺠﺭﺍﺀﺍﺘﻬﻡ‬ ‫ﻓﻜﺎﻨﺕ‬‫ﺠﺎﻨـﺏ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺨﻁﻁ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻻﺴﺘﺨﺩﺍﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺜﺎﻨﻴﺔ؛‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻟﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺭﺏ‬ ‫ﺒﻌﺩ‬ ‫ﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﹶﺕ‬‫ﻓ‬ِ‫ﺭ‬‫ﻋ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﻔﺴﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺭﺏ‬ ‫ﻋﻨﻭﺍﻥ‬‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺄﺜﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺒﻘﺼﺩ‬ ‫ﻋﺎﺘﻴﺔ؛‬ ‫ﻹﺠﺭﺍﺀﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻁﻭﺍﺭﺉ‬ ‫ﻭﻗﺕ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺭﺏ‬ ‫ﻭﻗﺕ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﻭﻟﺔ‬‫ﻭﻋﻭﺍﻁﻑ‬ ‫ﺃﺭﺍﺀ‬‫ﺍﻟﺩﻭﻟـﺔ‬ ‫ﺴﻴﺎﺴـﺔ‬ ‫ﺘﺤﻘﻴـﻕ‬ ‫ﻋﻥ‬ ‫ﺘﻌﺒﺭ‬ ‫ﺒﻁﺭﻴﻘﺔ‬ ‫ﺼﺩﻴﻘﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﻤﺤﺎﻴﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﻋﺩﺍﺌﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﺠﻨﺒﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺠﻤﺎﻋﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﺴﻠﻭﻙ‬‫ﻭﺃﻫﺩﺍﻓﻬﺎ‬.‫ﻟﻠﺘـﺄﺜﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺠﻬﺯﺓ‬ ‫ﻭﻜل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺘﻭﻓﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺩﻭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻜل‬ ‫ﺘﺴﺘﻌﻤل‬ ‫ﺸﺎﻤﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﺤﻤﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﺒﺄﻨﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺒﻘﻠﻴل‬ ‫ﺫﻟﻙ‬ ‫ﺒﻌﺩ‬ ‫ﻭﻋﺭﻓﺕ‬‫ﺇﻟـﻰ‬ ‫ﺘﺅﺩﻱ‬ ‫ﺃﺨﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﻤﻭﺍﻗﻑ‬ ‫ﻭﺇﺤﻼل‬ ،‫ﻤﻌﻴﻨﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﻭﺍﻗﻑ‬ ‫ﺘﺩﻤﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺒﻬﺩﻑ‬ ‫ﻤﺤﺩﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﺠﻤﺎﻋﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﻘﻭل‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬‫ﺴـﻠﻭﻜﻴﺔ‬‫ﺍﻟﺤﻤﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﻩ‬ ‫ﻴﺸﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺫﻱ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻁﺭﻑ‬ ‫ﻤﺼﺎﻟﺢ‬ ‫ﻤﻊ‬ ‫ﺘﺘﻔﻕ‬)،‫ﻤﺤﻤﺩ‬ ‫ﻤﺤﺴﻥ‬١٩٩٧:٢٢٢.(‫ﻓـﻲ‬ ‫ﺘـﺴﺘﻬﺩﻑ‬ ‫ﻷﻨﻬـﺎ‬ ‫ﺒﺄﺸﻜﺎﻟﻬﺎ؛‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﻔﺴﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺭﺏ‬ ‫ﺃﻫﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻟﻡ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺎﺭﻴﺨﻴﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﺎﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﺸﻌﺭ‬ ‫ﻭﻗﺩ‬‫ﻋﻘﻠﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻘﺎﺘل‬‫ﺒﺎﻟﺘـﺎﻟﻲ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﻘﻭﺩﻩ‬ ‫ﻓﻴﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﺘﺎل‬ ‫ﺇﺭﺍﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﻘﻀﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻨﻭﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺭﻭﺤﻪ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﺤﻁﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﻗﻠﺒﻪ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﻔﻜﻴﺭﻩ‬‫ﺍﻟﻬﺯﻴﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬،‫ﺍﻟﺭﺴﻭل‬ ‫ﻭﻴﻌﺩ‬-‫ﻭﺴﻠﻡ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻴﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﷲ‬ ‫ﺼﻠﻰ‬-‫ﻤﻌﺭﻜﺔ‬ ‫ﻴﻜﺴﺏ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺎﺭﻴﺦ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﻋﺴﻜﺭﻱ‬ ‫ﻗﺎﺌﺩ‬ ‫ﺃﻭل‬،‫ﻭﺤﺩﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﻔﺴﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟﺤﺭﺏ‬ ‫ﻜﺎﻤﻠﺔ‬‫ﻤﻜﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﻌﺭﻜﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﻭﺫﻟﻙ‬..‫ﺩﻡ‬ ‫ﻨﻘﻁﺔ‬ ‫ﻴﺭﻴﻕ‬ ‫ﻻ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﺤﻴﻨﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﹰ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﺤﺭﻴﺼ‬ ‫ﻜﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻓﻘﺩ‬‫ﻭﺃ‬‫ﻻ‬‫ﺱ‬‫ﺩ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﻘ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺭﻡ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﺍ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﻼﺡ‬ ‫ﻴﺴﺘﻌﻤل‬.‫ﻭﻗـﺩ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻜﻌﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﺤﺭﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﻻﻨﺘﻬﺎﻙ‬ ‫ﺴﺎﺒﻘﺔ‬ ‫ﺘﻠﻙ‬ ‫ﺘﻜﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﻻ‬ ‫ﺤﺘﻰ‬‫ﺍﺘﺒﻊ‬‫ﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﺒﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﻜﺎﻥ‬ ،‫ﺃﻋﺩﺍﺌﻪ‬ ‫ﻀﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﻔﺴﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺭﺏ‬ ‫ﻗﻭﺍﻋﺩ‬ ‫ﺇﺭﺴﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﹰ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﻓﺭﻴﺩ‬ ‫ﹰ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﺃﺴﻠﻭﺒ‬ ‫ﺫﻟﻙ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺭﺴﻭل‬‫ﻋﻥ‬ ‫ﺫﻟﻙ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﻭﺭﺩ‬‫ﻗﺎل‬ ‫ﺤﻴﺙ‬ ‫ﻤﺎﻟﻙ‬ ‫ﺒﻥ‬ ‫ﺃﻨﺱ‬:‫ﹰ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﻤﻌﺘﻤـﺭ‬ ‫ﻤﻜـﺔ‬ ‫ﺴﻠﻡ‬ ‫ﻭ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻴﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﷲ‬ ‫ﺼﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﷲ‬ ‫ﺭﺴﻭل‬ ‫ﺩﺨل‬‫ﻭﺍ‬ ‫ﻴﻔﺘﺤﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﻗﺒل‬‫ﻴﻘﻭل‬ ‫ﻭﻫﻭ‬ ‫ﻴﺩﻴﻪ‬ ‫ﺒﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻴﻤﺸﻲ‬ ‫ﺭﻭﺍﺤﻪ‬ ‫ﺒﻥ‬:‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻨﻀﺭﺒﻜﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻴﻭﻡ‬ ‫ﺴﺒﻴﻠﻪ‬ ‫ﻋﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻜﻔﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﺒﻨﻲ‬ ‫ﺨﻠﻭﺍ‬‫ﺘﻨﺯﻴﻠﻪ‬‫ﺨﻠﻴﻠﻪ‬ ‫ﻋﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺨﻠﻴل‬ ‫ﻴﺫﻫل‬ ‫ﻭ‬ ‫ﻤﻘﻴﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻬﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﻴﺯﻴل‬ ‫ﹰ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﻀﺭﺒ‬‫ﻋﻤﺭ‬ ‫ﻓﻘﺎل‬:‫ﻴﺎ‬‫ﺍﷲ‬ ‫ﺭﺴﻭل‬ ‫ﻴﺩﻱ‬ ‫ﺒﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﷲ‬ ‫ﺤﺭﻡ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺭﻭﺍﺤﻪ‬ ‫ﺒﻥ‬-‫ﺴﻠﻡ‬ ‫ﻭ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻴﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﷲ‬ ‫ﺼﻠﻰ‬-‫ﻫﺫﺍ‬ ‫ﺘﻘﻭل‬‫ﺴﻠﻡ‬ ‫ﻭ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻴﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﷲ‬ ‫ﺼﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﺒﻲ‬ ‫ﻓﻘﺎل‬ ‫؟‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺸﻌﺭ‬:‫ﻨﻔﺴ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺫﻱ‬ ‫ﻓﻭ‬ ‫ﻋﻤﺭ‬ ‫ﻴﺎ‬ ‫ﻋﻨﻪ‬ ‫ﺨل‬‫ﻋﻠﻴﻬﻡ‬ ‫ﺃﺸﺩ‬ ‫ﻟﻜﻼﻤﻪ‬ ‫ﺒﻴﺩﻩ‬ ‫ﻲ‬
  • 12. ‫ﺩ‬.‫ﺍﻟﻬﻤﺹ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﺘﺎﺡ‬ ‫ﻋﺒﺩ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﺩ‬.‫ﺸ‬ ‫ﻓﺎﻴﺯ‬‫ﻠﺩﺍﻥ‬١٥٦‫ﺍﻟﻨﺒل‬ ‫ﻭﻗﻊ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬) "،‫ﻤﺴﻠﻡ‬ ‫ﺼﺤﻴﺢ‬١٩٥٥:‫ﺭﻗﻡ‬‫ﺍﻟﺤﺩﻴﺙ‬٣٣٧٦(‫ﺭﻭﺍﺤﺔ‬ ‫ﻻﺒﻥ‬ ‫ﻓﺈﻗﺭﺍﺭﻩ‬ ،‫ﻤﻨﻪ‬ ‫ﺘﺸﺠﻴﻊ‬-‫ﻋﻠﻴﻪ‬-‫ﻭﻫﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﻭﻉ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﺍ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﺴﺘﺨﺩﺍﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﻼﻡ‬)‫ِﻌﺭ‬‫ﺸ‬‫ﺍﻟ‬(‫ﺍﻷﻋﺩﺍﺀ‬ ‫ﻟﻤﻭﺍﺠﻬﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﻔﺴﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺭﺏ‬ ‫ﺃﺴﺎﻟﻴﺏ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬.‫ﻗﺎل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺫﻱ‬ ‫ﺭﻭﻤل‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻟﻤﺎﻨﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﺎﺌﺩ‬ ‫ﻭﻜﺫﻟﻙ‬:‫ﺍﻟﺫ‬ ‫ﻫﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺠﺢ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﺎﺌﺩ‬ ‫ﺇﻥ‬‫ﻋﻘﻭل‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻴﺴﻴﻁﺭ‬ ‫ﻱ‬‫ﺃﻋﺩﺍﺌـﻪ‬‫ﺩﻴﻐﻭل‬ ‫ﺸﺎﺭل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﻨﺭﺍل‬ ‫ﻭﻴﻘﻭل‬ ،‫ﺃﺒﺩﺍﻨﻬﻡ‬ ‫ﻗﺒل‬:‫ﺍﻟﺤﺭﺏ‬ ‫ﺘﺸﻥ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ‬ ،‫ﺤﺭﺏ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﻟﺔ‬ ‫ﺘﻨﺘﺼﺭ‬ ‫ﻟﻜﻲ‬‫ﺍﻟﺤﺭﺏ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﻩ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﻅل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﺘﺎل‬ ‫ﻤﻴﺎﺩﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﻗﻭﺍﺘﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺘﺘﺤﺭﻙ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﻗﺒل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﻔﺴﻴﺔ‬‫ﺘﻨﺘﻬـﻲ‬ ‫ﺤﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﻭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﻩ‬ ‫ﺘﺴﺎﻨﺩ‬‫ﺒﻘﻭﻟﻪ‬ ‫ﺘﺸﺭﺸل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﺎﺌﺩ‬ ‫ﹰ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﺃﻴﻀ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻴﻪ‬ ‫ﺃﻜﺩ‬ ‫ﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﻫﺫﺍ‬ ،‫ﻤﻬﻤﺘﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬:‫ﻜﺜﻴﺭ‬‫ﺭﺕ‬‫ﻴ‬‫ﻏ‬ ‫ﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﹰ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﻭﺠـﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﻔـﺴﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺭﺏ‬‫ﺍﻟﺘﺎﺭﻴﺦ‬)‫ﺏ‬ ،‫ﻤﺤﻔﻭﻅ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺠﻤﺎل‬ ‫ﻤﺤﻤﺩ‬.‫ﺕ‬:٧٧.(‫ﻴﺤﺘـل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺩﻴﺙ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺼﺭ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺃﺼﺒﺢ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺫﻱ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﻔﺴﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺭﺏ‬ ‫ﺴﻼﺡ‬ ‫ﺨﻁﻭﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺠﺎﺀﺕ‬ ‫ﻫﻨﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﻥ‬‫ﻤﻜـﺎﻥ‬‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﹰ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﺃﺜﺭ‬ ‫ﺃﺸﺩ‬ ‫ﻴﻜﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﻗﺩ‬ ‫ﺒﺄﻨﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺴﻜﺭﻴﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﻴﺅﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺫﻱ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺭﻭﺏ‬ ‫ﺃﺴﻠﺤﺔ‬ ‫ﺒﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺼﺩﺍﺭﺓ‬‫ﺍﻷﺨﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺴﻠﺤﺔ‬‫ﺒﺴﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﺼﺭ‬ ‫ﻫﺩﻑ‬ ‫ﺘﺤﻘﻴﻕ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬‫ﻭﺍﻟﺒﺸﺭﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺎﺩﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺨﺴﺎﺌﺭ‬ ‫ﻭﺒﺄﻗل‬ ،‫ﻋﺔ‬.‫ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻘـﺭﻭﺀﺓ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤـﺴﻤﻭﻋﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺘﻌـﺩﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﻋﻼﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﺴﺎﺌل‬ ‫ﻋﺒﺭ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺠﻤﺎﻫﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﻔﺴﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺭﺏ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﺩﺨل‬‫ﻓـﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨـﺎﺱ‬ ‫ﻟﺠﻤﻴـﻊ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻭﺼﻭل‬ ‫ﻜﺜﻴﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻭﺃﺴﺎﻟﻴﺏ‬ ‫ﹰ‬‫ﻻ‬‫ﺃﺸﻜﺎ‬ ‫ﺘﺘﺨﺫ‬ ‫ﻜﻤﺎ‬ ،‫ﺍﻷﺸﺨﺎﺹ‬ ‫ﻋﺒﺭ‬ ‫ﺤﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﺌﻴﺔ‬،‫ﻟﻠﻌﺩﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺨﺎﺼﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺼﺎﻟﺢ‬ ‫ﻴﺨﺩﻡ‬ ‫ﺒﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻴﻬﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﺄﺜﻴﺭ‬ ،‫ﺍﻵﺨﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻁﺭﻑ‬‫ﻭﻫﻨﺎﻙ‬‫ﺭﺌﻴـﺴ‬ ‫ﺃﺴـﺎﻟﻴﺏ‬ ‫ﺃﺭﺒﻌﺔ‬‫ﺔ‬‫ﻭﻫﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﻔﺴﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺤﺭﺏ‬:‫ﺃ‬-‫ﺍﻟﺩﻋﺎﻴﺔ‬:،‫ﻭﺍﻟﻤﻌﺘﻘـﺩﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻟﻸﻓﻜـﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﺭﻭﻴﺞ‬ ‫ﻨﺸﺭ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺩﻴﺜﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﻋﻼﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﺴﺎﺌل‬ ‫ﺍﺴﺘﺨﺩﺍﻡ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﻘﻭﻡ‬‫ﻤﻌﻴﻨـﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﺘﺠﺎﻫـﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﺨﻠـﻕ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻓﺭﺍﺩ‬ ‫ﻨﻔﺴﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺄﺜﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺒﻐﺭﺽ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﺭﻭﻴﺠﻬﺎ؛‬ ‫ﻨﺸﺭﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﺘﻭﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻲ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻷﺨﺒﺎﺭ‬‫ﻟﺩﻴﻬﻡ‬.‫ﺘ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﻔﺴﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺭﺏ‬ ‫ﺃﺴﺎﻟﻴﺏ‬ ‫ﻜﺄﺤﺩ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺩﻋﺎﻴﺔ‬‫ﻟﻨـﻭﻉ‬ ‫ﹰ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﻭﻁﺒﻘـ‬ ‫ﻟﻸﻫـﺩﺍﻑ‬ ‫ﹰ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﻁﺒﻘ‬ ‫ﻤﺘﻨﻭﻋﺔ‬ ‫ﹰ‬‫ﻻ‬‫ﺃﺸﻜﺎ‬ ‫ﺄﺨﺫ‬‫ﺒﻬﺯﻴﻤﺘـﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌـﺩﻭ‬ ‫ﻭﺇﻗﻨـﺎﻉ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟﻨﺼﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﻗﺘﻨﺎﻉ‬ ‫ﺘﺴﺘﻬﺩﻑ‬ ‫ﻓﺎﻟﺩﻋﺎﻴﺔ‬ ،‫ﺇﻟﻴﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻬﺔ‬‫ﺠ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﻭ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺠﻤﺎﻋﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻓﺭﺍﺩ‬.‫ﺸـﺭﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻓـﻲ‬ ‫ﺃﻓﺭﺍﺩﻩ‬ ‫ﻨﻔﻭﺱ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺸﻙ‬ ‫ﺒﺫﻭﺭ‬ ‫ﻭﺯﺭﻉ‬ ،‫ﻭﺍﻟﺭﻭﺤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻭﻁﻨﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﻌﺘﻘﺩﺍﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﺒﻤﺒﺎﺩﺌﻪ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﺸﻜﻴﻜﻪ‬‫ﺒﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻹﻴﻤﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻗﻀﻴﺘﻬﻡ‬.‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﻋﺎﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﺴﺘﻬﺩﻑ‬‫ﺼـﻔﻭﻑ‬ ‫ﺒـﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻭﺌﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﻋﺩﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﺭﻗﺔ‬ ‫ﺒﺙ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻭل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻘﺎﻡ‬‫ﻭﺒـﻴﻥ‬ ،‫ﻭﺍﻟﺸﻌﺏ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﻜﻭﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺒﻴﻥ‬ ،‫ﻭﺤﻠﻔﺎﺌﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺨﺼﻡ‬ ‫ﺒﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺘﻔﺭﻴﻕ‬ ‫ﺘﺴﻌﻰ‬ ‫ﻓﻬﻲ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻤﻘﺎﺘﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﻭﺤﺩﺍﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺨﺼﻡ‬‫ﺫﻟـﻙ‬ ‫ﻭﺭﺍﺀ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﻘﺼﺩ‬ ،‫ﻭﺍﻷﻏﻠﺒﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻗﻠﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺒﻴﻥ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻤﺨﺘﻠﻔﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻷﺤﺯﺍﺏ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻁﻭﺍﺌﻑ‬ ‫ﻭﺒﻴﻥ‬ ،‫ﻭﺍﻟﺠﻨﻭﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﺎﺩﺓ‬‫ﻟﻴﺴﻬل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺼﻔﻭﻑ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﻔﺭﻴﻕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻭﺤﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﺘﻔﺘﻴﺕ‬ ‫ﻜﻠﻪ‬‫ﺍﻟﻨﺼﺭ‬ ‫ﻟﻬﺎ‬.‫ﺏ‬-‫ﺍﻟﻤﺅﺍﻤﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻙ‬‫ﺒ‬‫ﺤ‬‫ﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺯﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻓﺘﻌﺎل‬:‫ﺘﻜـﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﻗـﺩ‬ ‫ﻤﻌﻴﻨﺔ‬ ‫ﺤﻭﺍﺩﺙ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﺤﺎﺩﺙ‬ ‫ﺍﺴﺘﻐﻼل‬ ‫ﻋﻥ‬ ‫ﻋﺒﺎﺭﺓ‬‫ﺍﻟﺩﻭﻟـﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﻨﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﺴﺘﻔﻴﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺩﻭ‬ ‫ﻨﻔﺴﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺘﺅﺜﺭ‬ ‫ﺃﺯﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﺨﻠﻕ‬ ‫ﺃﺠل‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺒﻨﺠﺎﺡ‬ ‫ﺍﺴﺘﻐﻼﻟﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻴﺘﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﻟﻜﻥ‬ ‫ﺒﺴﻴﻁﺔ؛‬‫ﺍﻷﺴﻠﻭﺏ‬ ‫ﻟﻬﺫﺍ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺘﺨﺩﻤﺔ‬.‫ﻭﻨـ‬ ‫ﺴﻭﺭﻴﺎ‬ ‫ﻤﻊ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺩﻭﺩ‬ ‫ﻷﺯﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﺇﺴﺭﺍﺌﻴل‬ ‫ﺍﻓﺘﻌﺎل‬ ‫ﺫﻟﻙ‬ ‫ﻤﺜﺎل‬‫ﺍﻟﻔـﺩﺍﺌﻴﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺸﺎﻁ‬‫ﻋﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺭﺏ‬ ‫ﻟﺸﻥ‬ ‫ﻜﻤﺒﺭﺭ‬١٩٦٧‫ﻡ‬.
  • 13. ‫ﺍﻹﺸﺎﻋﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺘﺭﻭﻴﺞ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﻔﺴﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺒﻌﺎﺩ‬‫ﻋﻼﺠﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﺴﺒل‬ ‫ﺍﻹﻋﻼﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﺴﺎﺌل‬ ‫ﻋﺒﺭ‬١٥٧‫ﺝ‬-‫ﻭﺍﻟﻔﻭﻀﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺭﻋﺏ‬ ‫ﺇﺸﺎﻋﺔ‬:‫ﺍﻟﺨـﻭﻑ؛‬ ‫ﻋﺎﻁﻔـﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﺴﺘﻐﻼل‬ ‫ﺒﻭﺍﺴﻁﺔ‬ ‫ﺘﺴﺘﺨﺩﻡ‬ ‫ﻤﻬﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺴﻴﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﻫﺫﻩ‬‫ﻴـﺴﻬل‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻔﻭﻀﻰ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺤﺎﻟﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﺨﻠﻕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺨﺘﻠﻔﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻭﺴﺎﺌل‬ ‫ﺍﺴﺘﺨﺩﺍﻡ‬ ‫ﺨﻼل‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺇﺨﻀﺎﻋﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺸﻌﻭﺏ‬ ‫ﻹﺭﻫﺎﺏ‬‫ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻐﻠﺏ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﻴﻁﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻁﺭﻴﻘﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻋﻥ‬.‫ﺇﺜﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻭﺍﻤل‬ ‫ﺃﺸﺩ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﻥ‬‫ﻭﺘﺨﻤﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺩﻭ‬ ‫ﻫﺠﻭﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻨﺘﻅﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺨﻭﻑ‬ ‫ﺓ‬‫ﻤﻨﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺴﻴﺄﺘﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻲ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺠﻬﺔ‬ ‫ﻨﻭﻋﻴﺔ‬.‫ﻫﻭ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺠﻨﻭﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﻔﺴﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻨﻁﻕ‬ ‫ﻴﻜﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﻓﺤﻴﻨﺌﺫ‬" :‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺨﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﻼﺀ‬ ‫ﻭﻗﻭﻉ‬‫ﺍﻨﺘﻅﺎﺭﻩ‬. "‫ﺍﻹﺸـﺎﻋﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﺠـﺩ‬ ،‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﺨﻤﻴﻨـﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺨﻴﻼﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﻜﺜﺭ‬ ‫ﻨﻔﻭﺴﻬﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻘﻠﻕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺸﻙ‬ ‫ﻴﺴﻭﺩ‬ ‫ﻭﺤﻴﻨﺌﺫ‬‫ﺒﻴﻨﻬﻡ‬ ‫ﹰ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﺨﺼﺒ‬ ‫ﹰ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﻤﺭﺘﻌ‬ ‫ﻟﻨﻔﺴﻬﺎ‬.‫ﺍﻟﻘﻠﻕ‬ ‫ﻴﺩﻓﻊ‬ ‫ﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﹰ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﻭﻜﺜﻴﺭ‬‫ﻟﻴﺨﻠـﺼﻭﺍ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺘﻌﺠل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻬﺠﻭﻡ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟﺠﻨﻭﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺘﺒﺩ‬‫ﻤﻊ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻐﺎﺒﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻗﺘﺎل‬ ‫ﺃﺜﻨﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻁﺭﻴﻘﺔ‬ ‫ﺒﻬﺫﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﻨﻭﺩ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﹰ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﻜﺜﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻤﺭﻴﻜﻴﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﺨﺴﺭ‬ ‫ﻭﻗﺩ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻤﺨﻴﻑ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﻨﺘﻅﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬‫ﺍﻷﻗﺼﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺸﺭﻕ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻴﺎﺒﺎﻨﻴﻴﻥ‬.‫ﺍﻟﻜﻤﺎﺌﻥ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﻓﻴﻘﻌﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻘﺩﻡ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﻴﻨﺩﻓﻌﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﻜﺎﻨﻭﺍ‬ ‫ﻓﻘﺩ‬.‫ﺩ‬-‫ﺍﻹﺸﺎﻋﺔ‬:‫ﻨﻭﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﺒﺎﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻭﻫﻲ‬"‫ﻤﻭﻀﻭﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬"‫ﻤﻘﺩﻤﺔ‬‫ﻵﺨﺭ‬ ‫ﺸﺨﺹ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺘﺘﻨﺎﻗل‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺘﺼﺩﻴﻕ‬.‫ﻭﻫـﻲ‬‫ﻻ‬ ‫ﺃﺨﺒـﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﺨﻠـﻕ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﺴﻊ‬ ‫ﻨﻁﺎﻕ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﻨﺸﺭﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﻟﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﺭﻭﻴﺞ‬ ‫ﻤﻌﻴﻨﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﺨﺒﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺒﺎﻟﻐﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺘﻌﺘﻤﺩ‬‫ﺍﻟﺼﺤﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻟﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺃﺴﺎﺱ‬.‫ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﺴﻴﺎﺴﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻷﻫﺩﺍﻑ‬ ‫ﹰ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﺘﺤﻘﻴﻘ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺭﺃﻱ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺄﺜﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺒﻬﺩﻑ‬ ‫ﺫﻟﻙ‬ ‫ﻜل‬‫ﻋﺴﻜﺭﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬.‫ﻤﻌﺘﻤﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﻜﻠﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺘﻜﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﻻ‬ ‫ﻗﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺸﺎﻋﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﻟﺫﻟﻙ‬‫ﻤـﻥ‬ ‫ﺠﺯﺀ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺘﻌﺘﻤﺩ‬ ‫ﻓﻘﺩ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﺨﻴﺎل‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬‫ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺱ‬ ‫ﻗﺒل‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﻘﺒﻠﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺘﺼﺩﻴﻘﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺇﻤﻜﺎﻨﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﺠل‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﻘﻴﻘﺔ‬.‫ﺍﻟـﺼﺤﻑ‬ ‫ﻓـﻲ‬ ‫ﹰ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﺃﺤﻴﺎﻨ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺸﺎﻋﺔ‬ ‫ﺘﻅﻬﺭ‬ ‫ﻭﻗﺩ‬‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻠﻔﺯﻴﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺫﺍﻋﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﻭﺠﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﻁﺭﻴﻘﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺘﺠﺩ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻤﺠﻼﺕ‬.‫ﻭﻗـﺕ‬ ‫ﻓـﻲ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﻨﺘﺸﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺸﺎﻋﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﺴﺘﺨﺩﻡ‬‫ﺃ‬ ‫ﻫﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺭﺏ‬ ‫ﺯﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻓﺈﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﻟﺫﻟﻙ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻭﻁﻨﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺯﻤﺎﺕ‬‫ﻭﻨـﺸﺭﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺸـﺎﻋﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻟﺘﻠﻙ‬ ‫ﻭﻗﺕ‬ ‫ﻨﺴﺏ‬‫ﻴـﺴﻤﻌﻭﻨ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘـﻲ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻷﻗﺎﻭﻴل‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺨﺒﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻜﺜﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﻟﺘﺼﺩﻴﻕ‬ ‫ﻨﻔﺴﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﺴﺘﻌﺩﺍﺩ‬ ‫ﺤﺎﻟﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻓﺭﺍﺩ‬ ‫ﻴﻜﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﺤﻴﺙ‬‫ﻬﺎ‬‫ﺍﻟﺘ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﻔﺴﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻭﺘﺭ‬ ‫ﻟﺤﺎﻟﺔ‬ ‫ﹰ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﻨﻅﺭ‬‫ﻴﻌﻴﺸﻭﻨﻬ‬ ‫ﻲ‬‫ﺎ‬.‫ﺘﺴﺘﺨﺩﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﺃﺨﺫﺕ‬ ‫ﺫﻟﻙ‬ ‫ﺃﺩﺭﻜﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﻭل‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﹰ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﻜﺜﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﻓﺈﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﻟﺫﻟﻙ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﻬﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﻔﺴﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺭﺏ‬ ‫ﻭﺴﺎﺌل‬ ‫ﻜﺄﺤﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺸﺎﻋﺎﺕ‬.‫ﻭﺍﻹﺸﺎﻋﺎﺕ‬‫ﻨـﻭﻋﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺭﺏ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺘﺴﺘﺨﺩﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻲ‬‫ﺍﻟﺭﻏﺒ‬ ‫ﻭﺇﺸﺎﻋﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺨﻭﻑ‬ ‫ﺇﺸﺎﻋﺎﺕ‬‫ﺔ‬.‫ﻋﻠﻴﻪ‬ ‫ﺘﻨﻁﻭﻱ‬ ‫ﺒﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺨﻭﻑ‬ ‫ﻭﺇﺸﺎﻋﺎﺕ‬‫ﺘﻬـﺩﻑ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟﺨﻁﺭ‬ ‫ﺇﻨﺫﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬‫ﻟـﺯﻭﻡ‬ ‫ﻻ‬ ‫ﹰ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﻗﻠﻘ‬ ‫ﺘﻭﻟﺩ‬ ‫ﻜﺎﻨﺕ‬ ‫ﺇﺫﺍ‬ ‫ﻓﻬﻲ‬ ، ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺭﺒﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻤﺠﻬﻭﺩﺍﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻅﻔﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟﻨﻬﺎﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺸﺨﺹ‬ ‫ﺜﻘﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻜﻑ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬‫ﺍﻨﻬﺯﺍﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻨﻅﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺘﺅﺩﻯ‬ ‫ﺃﺤﻴﺎﻨﺎ‬ ‫ﻜﺎﻨﺕ‬ ‫ﻟﻪ‬.‫ﺍﻟﺭﻏﺒ‬ ‫ﻭﺇﺸﺎﻋﺎﺕ‬‫ﺘﻔـﺎﺅل‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺘﺤﺘﻭﻯ‬ ‫ﺃﺨﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﻨﺎﺤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺔ‬‫ﺴﺎﺫﺝ‬.‫ﻤﻤﻜـﻥ‬ ‫ﺤـﺎل‬ ‫ﺃﻱ‬ ‫ﻭﻗﺒـﻭل‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺨﻨـﻭﻉ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺎل‬ ‫ﻋﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺭﻀﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﻨﺎﻋﺔ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺘﺅﺩﻯ‬ ‫ﺇﺫ‬.‫ﻭﺍﻷﻤﺜﻠـﺔ‬‫ﺍﻹﺸـﺎﻋﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻭﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻟﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺭﺏ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻨﺘﺸﺭﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺜﺎل‬ ‫ﺴﺒﻴل‬ ‫ﻓﻌﻠﻲ‬ ،‫ﺘﺤﺼﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﻻ‬ ‫ﺘﻌﺩ‬ ‫ﻻ‬ ‫ﻟﻺﺸﺎﻋﺎﺕ‬‫ﺠ‬ ‫ﻴﻐﻠﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺃﻨﻬﻡ‬ ،‫ﺍﻷﻁﻔﺎل‬ ‫ﺃﻴﺩﻱ‬ ‫ﻴﻘﻁﻌﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻟﻤﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﺘﻘﻭل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻲ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻘﺼﺹ‬‫ﻤﻨﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﻴﺼﻨﻌﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻭﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺜﺙ‬‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﺘﻘـﻭل‬ ‫ﺇﺸـﺎﻋﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺘﻨﺘـﺸﺭ‬ ‫ﻜﺎﻨﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻟﻤﺎﻨﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﺎﻨﺏ‬ ‫ﻭﻓﻲ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﺤﺭﺏ‬ ‫ﺃﺴﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﻴﺼﻠﺒﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺃﻨﻬﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺼﺎﺒﻭﻥ‬،‫ﺍﻟﻤﺘﺤﻀﺭﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺱ‬ ‫ﺤﺭﺏ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﻭﺃﺴﻴﺎ‬ ‫ﺃﻓﺭﻴﻘﻴﺎ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺘﻭﺤﺸﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻨﺎﺱ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻐﻭﺭﻴﻼﺕ‬ ‫ﻴﺴﺘﺨﺩﻤﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﻠﻔﺎﺀ‬‫ﺍﻷﺒﺭﻴﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺩﻨﻴﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻴﻌﺘﻘﻠﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺃﻨﻬﻡ‬ ‫ﺩﻤﺩﻡ‬ ‫ﺭﺼﺎﺹ‬ ‫ﻴﺴﺘﺨﺩﻤﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺃﻨﻬﻡ‬)،‫ﺒﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺃﺤﻤﺩ‬١٩٨٢:٣٩. (
  • 14. ‫ﺩ‬.‫ﺍﻟﻬﻤﺹ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﺘﺎﺡ‬ ‫ﻋﺒﺩ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﺩ‬.‫ﺸ‬ ‫ﻓﺎﻴﺯ‬‫ﻠﺩﺍﻥ‬١٥٨‫ﻤـﻥ‬ ،‫ﻭﺍﻟﻤﺠﺘﻤـﻊ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻗﻭﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺄﺜﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﻟﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻜﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻓﻘﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﺭﺍﺴﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﻭﻀﻭﻉ‬ ‫ﻭﻫﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺸﺎﻋﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺃﻤﺎ‬،‫ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺘﻬﺩﻓﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﻤﺎﻫﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺒﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﺩﺍﻭﻟﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻨﺘﺸﺎﺭﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﺴﻬﻭﻟﺔ‬ ‫ﺤﻴﺙ‬‫ﻤﺼﺩﺭﻫﺎ؛‬ ‫ﻤﻌﺭﻓﺔ‬ ‫ﺼﻌﻭﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺭﻏﻡ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬‫ﻤﻤﺎ‬ ،‫ﺃﺼﺩﻗﺎﺌﻬﻡ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻴﺴﻤﻌﻭﻨﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻀﺤﺎﻴﺎﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﻷﻥ‬‫ﻀـﺤﺎﻴ‬ ‫ﺇﻥ‬ ‫ﺒـل‬ ،‫ﺍﻟـﺼﺎﺩﻕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺨﺒﺭ‬ ‫ﺼﻭﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻴﻌﻁﻴﻬﺎ‬‫ﺎﻫﻡ‬‫ﻤـﻊ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﺭﻋﺭﻋـﺕ‬ ،‫ﺘﻁﻭﺭﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﻗﺩ‬ ،‫ﺍﻹﻨﺴﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻗﺩﻡ‬ ‫ﻗﺩﻴﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺸﺎﻋﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﺎﺭﻴﺦ‬ ،‫ﻤﺭﻭﺠﻭﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﻫﻡ‬ ‫ﹰ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﺃﺤﻴﺎﻨ‬ ‫ﻴﻜﻭﻨﻭﻥ‬‫ﺤﺭﻭﺒﻬﻡ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻴﻭﻨﺎﻥ‬ ،‫ﻭﺍﻟﺼﻴﻨﻴﻭﻥ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻤﺼﺭﻴﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﺴﺘﺨﺩﻤﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻓﻘﺩ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺤﺩﻴﺜﺔ؛‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻘﺩﻴﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﻀﺎﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺘﻁﻭﺭ‬‫ﻋـﺯ‬ ‫ﺍﷲ‬ ‫ﻜﺘﺎﺏ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﹸﻜﺭ‬‫ﺫ‬ ‫ﻭﻗﺩ‬ ،‫ﻟﻠﻌﺩﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻨﻭﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺭﻭﺡ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺘﺄﺜﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﻨﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺒﺂﻻﻑ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻴﻼﺩ‬ ‫ﻗﺒل‬‫ﻭﺠـل‬‫ﻭﻗﺼﺼﻬﻡ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﺴﻼﻡ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻴﻬﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻨﺒﻴﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﺘﺎﺭﻴﺦ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﻭﺒﻘﺭﺍﺀﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺎﺭﻴﺦ؛‬ ‫ﻓﺠﺭ‬ ‫ﻓﻤﻨﺫ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺸﺎﻋﺎﺕ؛‬ ‫ﺘﻠﻙ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻨﻤﺎﺫﺝ‬،‫ﹰ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﺃﺤﻴﺎﻨ‬ ‫ﻭﻴﺘﻭﺍﺭﺜﻭﻨﻬﺎ‬ ،‫ﻴﺒﺜﻭﻨﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺜﻡ‬ ،‫ﻗﻭﻤﻪ‬ ‫ﻗﺒل‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺸﺎﻋﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻜﺜﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺤﻭﻟﻪ‬ ‫ﺃﺜﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﻗﺩ‬ ‫ﻤﻨﻬﻡ‬ ‫ﹰ‬‫ﻼ‬‫ﻜ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﻨﺠﺩ‬،‫ﺃﺨﻼﻗﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ،‫ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ،‫ﺍﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ،‫ﺴﻴﺎﺴﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ،‫ﻨﻔﺴﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﺍﻓﻊ‬ ‫ﺫﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻓﻬﻲ‬‫ﺘﻠﺨﻴﺹ‬ ‫ﻭﻴﻤﻜﻥ‬‫ﺃﻫﺩﺍﻑ‬‫ﺍﻟﻨﻔﺴﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺭﺏ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﻭﺨﺎﺼﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺎﻀﺭ‬ ‫ﻋﺼﺭﻨﺎ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺸﺎﻋﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﺩﻭﺍﻓﻊ‬:•‫ﺍﻟﻨﻔﺴﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺭﻫﺎﺏ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺒﻪ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻭﺼﻭل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﻗﻭﺍﻩ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﻔﺘﻴﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺩﻭ‬ ‫ﻤﻌﻨﻭﻴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺄﺜﻴﺭ‬.•‫ﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﺤﻘﻴﻘﺔ‬ ‫ﻹﺨﻔﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﺨﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻜﺴﺘﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻌﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺘﻤﻭﻴﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﺴﺘﺨﺩﻤﻬﺎ‬.•‫ﻷﺠل‬ ‫ﺼﺤﺘﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﻤﺸﻜﻭﻙ‬ ‫ﻭﺃﺨﺒﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﻜﺎﺫﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﻨﺒﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﺘﺭﻭﻴﺞ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻨﻭﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺭﻭﺡ‬ ‫ﺇﻀﻌﺎﻑ‬.•‫ﻨﻔﺴﻴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺘﺄﺜﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺸﺎﻋﺔ‬ ‫ﺘﺨﺩﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﻔﺱ‬ ‫ﻟﻌﻠﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺩﻴﺜﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺴﺎﻟﻴﺏ‬ ‫ﺍﺴﺘﺨﺩﺍﻡ‬‫ﺍﻟﻌﺩﻭ‬‫ﻭﻤﻌﻨﻭﻴﺎﺘ‬‫ﻪ‬‫ﻭﺇﻴﺭﺍﺩﺍﺘ‬‫ﻪ‬..•‫ﻭﺍﻟﻤﺩﻨﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺴﻜﺭﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﺒﻬﺘﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﻌﻨﻭﻴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺘﺩﻤﻴﺭ‬‫ﻭﺘﺤﻁﻴﻤﻬـﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﺇﻨﻬﺎﻜﻬﺎ‬)،‫ﺍﻟﺤـﺎﺭﺜﻲ‬ ‫ﻋـﺩﻴﻡ‬٢٠٠٥:١١.(‫ﻋﺩﻴ‬ ٍ‫ﻉ‬‫ﻭﺃﻨﻭﺍ‬ ٍ‫ل‬‫ﺒﺄﺸﻜﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﺘﻤﻊ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺸﺎﻋﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﻨﺘﺸﺭ‬،‫ﺩﺓ‬‫ﻵﺨـﺭ‬ ٍ‫ﻥ‬‫ﺤـﻴ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺘﻐﻴﻴﺭﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺩﻭ‬ ‫ﺩ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ﻴﺘﻌ‬‫ﺴﻭﺍﺀ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺘﻬﺩﻑ‬ ‫ﻭﻭﻀﻊ‬ ‫ﺤﺎﻟﺔ‬ ‫ﺤﺴﺏ‬‫ﺃﻡ‬ ‫ﹰ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﺸﺨﺼ‬ ‫ﺃﻜﺎﻥ‬‫ﺘـﺩﻤﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘـﻲ‬ ‫ﺜﻤﺎﺭﻫـﺎ‬ ‫ﻴﺠﻨﻲ‬ ‫ﺤﺘﻰ‬ ،‫ﹰ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﻤﺠﺘﻤﻌ‬‫ﻫـﺫﻩ‬ ‫ﺇﻟـﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﻟﻠﺘﻌﺭﻑ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﺨﺎﺼﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻤﺼﺎﻟﺤﻪ‬ ‫ﹰ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﺘﺤﻘﻴﻘ‬ ،‫ﹰ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﻭﺍﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴ‬ ‫ﹰ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﻭﻨﻔﺴﻴ‬ ‫ﹰ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﻤﻌﻨﻭﻴ‬ ‫ﹰ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﺘﺩﻤﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺒﺄﺴﺭﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﺘﻤﻊ‬‫ﻴﻠﻲ‬ ‫ﻓﻴﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﻨﺫﻜﺭﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻨﻭﺍﻉ‬:١.‫ﺍﻟﺤﻘﻴﻘﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺸﺎﻋﺔ‬:‫ﻫﻲ‬‫ﻋﻠـﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺨﺒﺭ‬ ‫ﺘﺄﺜﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﻻﺴﺘﺒﻴﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺘﻘﺎل‬ ‫ﻤﺅﻜﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﻭﺤﻘﻴﻘﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﻭﺜﻭﻕ‬ ‫ﻤﺼﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺫﺍﺕ‬‫ﺇﻟـﺯﺍﻡ‬ ‫ﻗﺒل‬ ‫ﻭﺘﻐﻴﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺘﻌﺩﻴﻼﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻭﻀﻭﻉ‬ ‫ﺫﻟﻙ‬ ‫ﻴﺤﺘﺎﺠﻪ‬ ‫ﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﺴﺘﻨﺘﺎﺝ‬ ‫ﻀﻭﺌﻪ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﻴﺘﻡ‬ ‫ﺴﺎﻤﻌﻪ‬‫ﺘﻁﺒﻴﻘﻪ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﺘﻨﻔﻴﺫﻩ‬.٢.‫ﺍﻻ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺸﺎﻋﺔ‬‫ﺴﺘﻨﺘﺎﺠﻴﺔ‬:‫ﻤـﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﺼﺩﺭ‬ ،‫ﻤﺤﺩﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﻓﺘﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺨﻼل‬ ‫ﻤﻌﻴﻨﺔ‬ ‫ﺘﻁﺒﻴﻘﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﺴﺘﻘﺭﺍﺀ‬ ‫ﻨﺘﻴﺠﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﻫﻲ‬‫ﻭ‬ ‫ﺘﻌﻠﻤﻪ‬ ‫ﺒﺤﺴﺏ‬ ‫ﺸﺨﺹ‬ ‫ﺃﻱ‬‫ﺍﻹﺸـﺎﻋﺔ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﻩ‬ ‫ﺘﺼﺩﻕ‬ ‫ﻟﺫﻟﻙ‬ ‫ﹰ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﻭﺘﺒﻌ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻭﻀﻭﻉ‬ ‫ﺒﺠﻭﺍﻨﺏ‬ ‫ﻭﺇﻟﻤﺎﻤﻪ‬ ‫ﺜﻘﺎﻓﺘﻪ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﻭﻀﻭﻉ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﹰ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﻗﺭﺒ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺸﺨﺹ‬ ‫ﺫﻟﻙ‬ ‫ﺯﺍﺩ‬ ‫ﻜﻠﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺤﻴﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻜﺜﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﻭﻤﻌﺭﻓﺔ‬ ‫ﹰ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﺇﻟﻤﺎﻤ‬‫ﺒﻪ‬‫ﻭﺘﺨﻴـﺏ‬‫ﻓﻴﻪ‬ ‫ﺠﻬﻠﻪ‬ ‫ﺯﺍﺩ‬ ‫ﻜﻠﻤﺎ‬.
  • 15. ‫ﺍﻹﺸﺎﻋﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺘﺭﻭﻴﺞ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﻔﺴﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺒﻌﺎﺩ‬‫ﻋﻼﺠﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﺴﺒل‬ ‫ﺍﻹﻋﻼﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﺴﺎﺌل‬ ‫ﻋﺒﺭ‬١٥٩٣.‫ﺍﻟﺤﺎﻟﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺸﺎﻋﺔ‬:‫ﺘﻌـﻴﺵ‬ ‫ﻻ‬ ‫ﻓﺌـﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﻥ‬ ‫ﺘﺼﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﻤﻨﻴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﺃﻭﻫﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﻨﺭﺠﺴﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﺸﺎﻋﺭ‬ ‫ﻨﺘﻴﺠﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﻫﻲ‬‫ﺃﺒﻌﺎﺩﻩ‬ ‫ﺒﺠﻤﻴﻊ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻭﺍﻗﻊ‬‫ﺍﻟﻘﺒﻭﺭ‬ ‫ﺃﺼﺤﺎﺏ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻜﻔﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﻴﺌﺱ‬ ‫ﻜﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﺼﺩﻗﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﻴﺌﻭﺱ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﻌﻁﻴﺎﺘﻪ‬.٤.‫ﺍﻟﻜﺎﺫﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺸﺎﻋﺔ‬:،‫ﺠﺯﺍﻓـﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻜـﻼﻡ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻘﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺝ‬ ‫ﺼﺤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻏﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺒﻴﺌﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﻨﺸﺄ‬ ‫ﻥ‬‫ﻤ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﺼﺩﺭﻫﺎ‬‫ﻻ‬ ‫ﺤﺘـﻰ‬ ‫ﺴﺎﻤﻌﻴﻪ‬ ‫ﻴﻨﺘﻘﻲ‬ ‫ﻭﻨﺠﺩﻩ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻤﻭﺍﺠﻬﺔ‬ ‫ﻴﺤﺏ‬ ‫ﻭﻻ‬ ،‫ﻜﻼﻤﻪ‬ ‫ﻤﺼﺩﺍﻗﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﻤﻌﻪ‬ ‫ﻴﺤﻘﻕ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﻴﻜﺭﻩ‬‫ﻟﻠﻤﺴﺎﺀﻟﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﺭﻀﺔ‬ ‫ﻴﻜﻭﻥ‬.٥.‫ﺍﻟﺤﺎﻗﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺸﺎﻋﺔ‬:‫ﹰ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﺒﺩﺀ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﻁﻼﻕ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺸﺎﻋﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺃﻨﻭﺍﻉ‬ ‫ﺃﺨﻁﺭ‬ ‫ﻭﻫﺫﻩ‬‫ﺇ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬‫ﻋـﺩﻭ‬ ‫ﻴﻐﺭﺴﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺸﺎﻋﺔ‬‫ﺍﻟـﺒﻌﺽ‬ ‫ﻴﺘﻘﻭﻟﻪ‬ ‫ﺒﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻨﺘﻬﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺭﺃﻱ‬ ‫ﻟﺒﻠﺒﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻭﺍﻁﻨﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺒﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﻠﺩ‬‫ﺍﻟﻨﻔـﻭﺱ‬ ‫ﺃﺼـﺤﺎﺏ‬ ‫ﻤـﻥ‬‫ﺇ‬ ‫ﺤﻕ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻴﻀﺔ‬‫ﻭﺯﻤﻼ‬ ‫ﻭﺠﻴﺭﺍﻨﻬﻡ‬ ‫ﺨﻭﺍﻨﻬﻡ‬‫ﺇ‬ ‫ﺌﻬﻡ‬‫ﹰ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﺸﺒﺎﻋ‬‫ﺒﺎﻟﺴﻭﺀ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻤﺎﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﻔﺱ‬ ‫ﻟﺭﻏﺒﺎﺕ‬.‫ﺍﻹﺴﻼﻡ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺸﺎﻋﺔ‬:‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺴﻼﻡ‬ ‫ﺤﺫﺭ‬‫ﻤﺒﺘـﺩﻉ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻜﺭﻴﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﺭﺴﻭﻟﻪ‬ ،‫ﻭﺘﻌﺎﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺴﺒﺤﺎﻨﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﷲ‬ ‫ﻭﻭﺼﻑ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻜﺎﺫﺏ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺨﺒﺭ‬ ‫ﺇﺸﺎﻋﺔ‬‫ﻭﺼﻔ‬ ‫ﻓﻘﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻭﺼﺎﻑ؛‬ ‫ﺒﺄﻗﺒﺢ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﺭﻭﺠﻬﺎ‬ ،‫ﺍﻹﺸﺎﻋﺔ‬‫ﻪ‬‫ﺘﻌﺎﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﻗﻭﻟﻪ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟﻔﺎﺴﻕ‬:﴿‫ﹸـﻭﺍ‬‫ﻨ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ﺁ‬ ‫ﻥ‬‫ِﻴ‬‫ﺫ‬‫ﱠ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﺍ‬ ‫ﺎ‬‫ﻬ‬‫ﻴ‬َ‫ﺃ‬ ‫ﺎ‬‫ﻴ‬‫ﹸﻭﺍ‬‫ﻨ‬‫ﻴ‬‫ﺒ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﺘ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻓ‬ ٍ‫ﺈ‬‫ﺒ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻨ‬ِ‫ﺒ‬ ‫ﹲ‬‫ﻕ‬ِ‫ﺴ‬‫ﹶﺎ‬‫ﻓ‬ ‫ﻡ‬‫ﹸ‬‫ﻜ‬‫ﺀ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﺠ‬ ‫ﻥ‬ِ‫ﺇ‬﴾)‫ﺍﻟﺤﺠﺭﺍﺕ‬:‫ﺍﻵﻴﺔ‬:٦(‫ﺘﻌﺎﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﻗﻭﻟﻪ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺏ‬‫ﻭﺍﻟﻜﺎﺫ‬ ،:﴿ِ‫ﺇ‬‫ِﻱ‬‫ﺭ‬‫ﹶـ‬‫ﺘ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻔ‬‫ﻴ‬ ‫ـﺎ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ﱠ‬‫ﻨ‬‫ﻥ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﺒ‬ِ‫ﺫ‬‫ﹶﺎ‬‫ﻜ‬‫ﺍﻟ‬ ‫ﻡ‬‫ﻫ‬ ‫ﻙ‬ِ‫ﺌ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﻭ‬ُ‫ﺃ‬‫ﻭ‬ ِ‫ﻪ‬‫ﱠ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ﺍﻟ‬ ِ‫ﺕ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﻴ‬‫ِﺂ‬‫ﺒ‬ ‫ﻥ‬‫ﹸﻭ‬‫ﻨ‬ِ‫ﻤ‬ْ‫ﺅ‬‫ﻴ‬ ‫ﻻ‬ ‫ﻥ‬‫ِﻴ‬‫ﺫ‬‫ﱠ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﺍ‬ ‫ﺏ‬ِ‫ﺫ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻜ‬‫ﺍﻟ‬﴾)‫ﺍﻟﻨﺤل‬:‫ﺍﻵﻴﺔ‬:١٠٦(‫ﻜﻤـﺎ‬ ‫ﹶ‬‫ﻕ‬‫ﻭﺍﻟﻤﻨﺎﻓ‬ ،‫ﻗـﺎل‬ ‫ﻭﺴﻠﻡ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻴﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﷲ‬ ‫ﺼﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﷲ‬ ‫ﺭﺴﻭل‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﻋﻨﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﷲ‬ ‫ﺭﻀﻲ‬ ‫ﻫﺭﻴﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺃﺒﻲ‬ ‫ﻋﻥ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻨﺒﻭﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﻨﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺠﺎﺀ‬:"‫ﻭﺼﺎﻡ؛‬ ،‫ﺼﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﺇﻥ‬ ‫ﺜﻼﺙ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻨﺎﻓﻕ‬ ‫ﺁﻴﺔ‬‫ﻤﺴﻠﻡ‬ ‫ﺃﻨﻪ‬ ‫ﻭﺯﻋﻡ‬:‫ﻭﺇﺫﺍ‬ ‫ﺃﺨﻠـﻑ‬ ‫ﻭﻋـﺩ‬ ‫ﻭﺇﺫﺍ‬ ،‫ﻜـﺫﺏ‬ ‫ﺤﺩﺙ‬ ‫ﺇﺫﺍ‬‫ﺨﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﺅﺘﻤﻥ‬) "،‫ﺍﻟﺒﺨﺎﺭﻱ‬ ‫ﺼﺤﻴﺢ‬١٩٨٧:‫ﺍﻟﺤﺩﻴﺙ‬ ‫ﺭﻗﻡ‬٢٥٤٤(‫ﺘﻌﺎﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﻓﻘﺎل‬ ‫ﻟﻜﺫﺒﻪ؛‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻜﺎﺫﺏ؛‬ ‫ﻴﺴﺘﺤﻘﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻘﻭﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺒﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻜﺫﺏ؛‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﻌﺎﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺴﺒﺤﺎﻨﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﷲ‬ ‫ﻭﺤﺫﺭ‬:﴿‫ﻥ‬‫ِﻴ‬‫ﺒ‬ِ‫ﺫ‬‫ﹶﺎ‬‫ﻜ‬‫ﺍﻟ‬ ‫ﹶﻰ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ﻋ‬ ِ‫ﻪ‬‫ﱠ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ﺍﻟ‬ ‫ﹶ‬‫ﺔ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻨ‬‫ﻌ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻟ‬ ْ‫ل‬‫ﻌ‬‫ﺠ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻨ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻓ‬﴾)‫ﺍﻵﻴﺔ‬ ،‫ﻋﻤﺭﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺁل‬:٦١(‫ﺘﻌﺎﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﻗﺎل‬ ،:﴿‫ﻯ‬‫ﺭ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﺘ‬ ِ‫ﺔ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﻴ‬ِ‫ﻘ‬‫ﺍﻟ‬ ‫ﻡ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﻴ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﹲ‬‫ﺓ‬‫ﺩ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﺴ‬‫ﻤ‬ ‫ﻡ‬‫ﻬ‬‫ﻫ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﺠ‬‫ﻭ‬ ِ‫ﻪ‬‫ﱠ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ﺍﻟ‬ ‫ﹶﻰ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ﻋ‬ ‫ﻭﺍ‬‫ﺒ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﺫ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻜ‬ ‫ﻥ‬‫ِﻴ‬‫ﺫ‬‫ﱠ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﺍ‬﴾)‫ﺍﻵﻴﺔ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﺯﻤﺭ‬:٦٠(‫ﺍﻟﻤﻁﻬﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﺒﻭﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﹼﺔ‬‫ﻨ‬‫ﺍﻟﺴ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺠﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﻜﻤﺎ‬ ،‫ﻗﺎل‬ ‫ﻭﺴﻠﻡ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻴﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﷲ‬ ‫ﺼﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﺒﻲ‬ ‫ﻋﻥ‬ ‫ﻋﻨﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﷲ‬ ‫ﺭﻀﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﷲ‬ ‫ﻋﺒﺩ‬ ‫ﻋﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﺌل‬ ‫ﺃﺒﻲ‬ ‫ﻋﻥ‬" :‫ﻴﻬﺩﻱ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺼﺩﻕ‬ ‫ﺇﻥ‬‫ﺍ‬ ‫ﻭﺇﻥ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﺒﺭ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬‫ﺍﻟﻜﺫﺏ‬ ‫ﻭﺇﻥ‬ ،‫ﹰ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﺼﺩﻴﻘ‬ ‫ﺍﷲ‬ ‫ﻋﻨﺩ‬ ‫ﻴﻜﺘﺏ‬ ‫ﺤﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﻟﻴﺼﺩﻕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺭﺠل‬ ‫ﻭﺇﻥ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﺠﻨﺔ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﻴﻬﺩﻱ‬ ‫ﻟﺒﺭ‬‫ﹰ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﻜﺫﺍﺒ‬ ‫ﺍﷲ‬ ‫ﻋﻨﺩ‬ ‫ﻴﻜﺘﺏ‬ ‫ﺤﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﻟﻴﻜﺫﺏ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺭﺠل‬ ‫ﻭﺇﻥ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﻴﻬﺩﻱ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﺠﻭﺭ‬ ‫ﻭﺇﻥ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻔﺠﻭﺭ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﻴﻬﺩﻱ‬")،‫ﺍﻟﺒﺨﺎﺭﻱ‬ ‫ﺼﺤﻴﺢ‬١٩٨٧:‫ﺍﻟﺤﺩﻴﺙ‬ ‫ﺭﻗﻡ‬٥٦٢٩(‫ﺍﷲ‬ ‫ﺭﻀﻲ‬ ‫ﻫﺭﻴﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺃﺒﻲ‬ ‫ﻋﻥ‬ ‫ﺁﺨﺭ‬ ‫ﺤﺩﻴﺙ‬ ‫ﻭﻓﻲ‬ ،‫ﺭﺴﻭ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﻋﻨﻪ‬ ‫ﺘﻌﺎﻟﻰ‬‫ﻗﺎل‬ ‫ﻭﺴﻠﻡ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻴﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﷲ‬ ‫ﺼﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﷲ‬ ‫ل‬" :‫ﺴﻤﻊ‬ ‫ﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﺒﻜل‬ ‫ﻴﺤﺩﺙ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﹰ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﻜﺫﺒ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟﻤﺭﺀ‬ ‫ﻜﻔﻰ‬")،‫ﻤﺴﻠﻡ‬ ‫ﺼﺤﻴﺢ‬١٩٥٥:‫ﺍﻟﺤﺩﻴﺙ‬ ‫ﺭﻗﻡ‬٦.(‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺎﺭﻋﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺤﺫﺭﻩ‬ ،‫ﻴﺴﻤﻊ‬ ‫ﻤﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﺄﻜﺩ‬ ،‫ﺒﺎﻟﺘﺜﺒﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﻌﺎﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺴﺒﺤﺎﻨﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﷲ‬ ‫ﺃﻤﺭﻩ‬ ‫ﻓﻘﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﺎﻤﻊ‬ ‫ﺃﻤﺎ‬‫ﻟﻠﻤﺅ‬ ‫ﻋﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺨﻁﺎﺏ‬ ،‫ﺃﻤﺭﻩ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻨﺩﺍﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﻓﻴﻘﻊ‬ ‫ﻴﺒﻠﻐﻪ‬ ‫ﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﻜل‬ ‫ﺘﺼﺩﻴﻕ‬‫ﺘﻌﺎﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﻗﺎل‬ ‫ﻤﻨﻴﻥ؛‬:﴿‫ﻥ‬‫ِﻴ‬‫ﺫ‬‫ﱠ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﺍ‬ ‫ﺎ‬‫ﻬ‬‫ﻴ‬َ‫ﺃ‬ ‫ﺎ‬‫ﻴ‬
  • 16. ‫ﺩ‬.‫ﺍﻟﻬﻤﺹ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﺘﺎﺡ‬ ‫ﻋﺒﺩ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﺩ‬.‫ﺸ‬ ‫ﻓﺎﻴﺯ‬‫ﻠﺩﺍﻥ‬١٦٠‫ﻥ‬‫ِﻴ‬‫ﻤ‬ِ‫ﺩ‬‫ﹶﺎ‬‫ﻨ‬ ‫ﻡ‬‫ﹸ‬‫ﺘ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ﻌ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻓ‬ ‫ﺎ‬‫ﻤ‬ ‫ﹶﻰ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ﻋ‬ ‫ﻭﺍ‬‫ﺤ‬ِ‫ﺒ‬‫ﺼ‬‫ﹸ‬‫ﺘ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻓ‬ ٍ‫ﺔ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﻬ‬‫ﺠ‬ِ‫ﺒ‬ ‫ﹰ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻗ‬ ‫ﻭﺍ‬‫ﺒ‬‫ِﻴ‬‫ﺼ‬‫ﹸ‬‫ﺘ‬ ‫ﻥ‬َ‫ﺃ‬ ‫ﹸﻭﺍ‬‫ﻨ‬‫ﻴ‬‫ﺒ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﺘ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻓ‬ ٍ‫ﺈ‬‫ﺒ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻨ‬ِ‫ﺒ‬ ‫ﹲ‬‫ﻕ‬ِ‫ﺴ‬‫ﹶﺎ‬‫ﻓ‬ ‫ﻡ‬‫ﹸ‬‫ﻜ‬‫ﺀ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﺠ‬ ‫ﻥ‬ِ‫ﺇ‬ ‫ﹸﻭﺍ‬‫ﻨ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ﺁ‬﴾)‫ﺍﻵﻴﺔ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﺤﺠﺭﺍﺕ‬:٦.(‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺃﺩﺕ‬ ‫ل‬‫ﺠ‬‫ﻤﺘﻌ‬ ‫ﻭﺼﺩﻗﻬﺎ‬ ،‫ﻭﺴﻤﻌﻬﺎ‬ ،‫ﻤﻐﺭﺽ‬ ‫ﺃﻁﻠﻘﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺇﺸﺎﻋﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻓﻜﻡ‬،‫ﺍﻹﺨـﻭﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺘﺒﺎﻏﺽ‬‫ﻭﺘﻔﺭﻴـﻕ‬ ،‫ﺃﺴﺭ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﺸﺘﻴﺕ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻔﻀﻼﺀ‬ ‫ﺴﻤﻌﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺇﺴﺎﺀﺓ‬ ،‫ﻭﺍﻟﺯﻤﻼﺀ‬ ،‫ﺍﻷﺼﺤﺎﺏ‬ ‫ﺒﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻌﺩﺍﻭﺓ‬ ،‫ﻭﺍﻷﺼﺩﻗﺎﺀ‬‫ﻭﻓﺭﻗـﺔ‬ ،‫ﺘﻨـﺩﻤل‬ ‫ﻻ‬ ‫ﻋﻤﻴﻘﺔ؛‬ ‫ﹰ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﺠﺭﺍﺤ‬ ‫ﺫﻟﻙ‬ ‫ﻓﺘﺭﻙ‬ ‫ﺠﻴﻭﺵ؛‬ ‫ﻭﻫﺯﻴﻤﺔ‬ ،‫ﻭﺍﻨﻬﻴﺎﺭ‬ ،‫ﺸﻌﻭﺏ‬ ‫ﻭﻨﻜﺒﺔ‬ ،‫ﺠﻤﺎﻋﺎﺕ‬‫ﺘﺠﺘﻤﻊ‬ ‫ﻻ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺌﻤﺔ‬.‫ﺍﻷﻭل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﺅﺍل‬ ‫ﺇﺠﺎﺒﺔ‬:‫ﺍﻹ‬ ‫ﻟﺘﺭﻭﻴﺞ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﻔﺴﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺒﻌﺎﺩ‬ ‫ﻤﺎ‬‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﻋﻼﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﺴﺎﺌل‬ ‫ﻋﺒﺭ‬ ‫ﺸﺎﻋﺎﺕ‬‫ﺍﻟﻔﺭﺩ؟‬‫ﺇﻟـﻰ‬ ‫ﺘﺘﺠـﻪ‬ ‫ﺃﻨﻬـﺎ‬ ‫ﺃﻱ‬ ‫ﺠﺴﺩﻩ؛‬ ‫ﻭﻟﻴﺱ‬ ‫ﻭﻨﻔﺴﻪ‬ ‫ﻭﻗﻠﺒﻪ‬ ،‫ﺍﻹﻨﺴﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻋﻘل‬ ‫ﺘﺴﺘﻬﺩﻑ‬ ‫ﹰ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﺩﺍﺌﻤ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺸﺎﻋﺔ‬ ‫ﺇﻥ‬،‫ﻭﺍﻟﻌﻘﻴﺩﺓ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻔﻜﺭ‬ ‫ﺇﺸﺎﻋﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﺴﺘﻬﺩﻑ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺸﺨﺼﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻫﻭ‬ ‫ﻤﻴﺩﺍﻨﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺇﻥ‬ ‫ﺤﻴﺙ‬ ،‫ﻤﻤﺘﻠﻜﺎﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﻻ‬ ‫ﻤﻌﻨﻭﻴﺎﺘﻪ‬‫ﻭﺍﻟـﺭﻭﺡ‬‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻋﺴﻜﺭﻴﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﻤﺩﻨﻴﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺴﻭﺍﺀ‬ ،‫ﺍﻷﻋﺩﺍﺀ‬ ‫ﻤﻌﻨﻭﻴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻟﺘﺤﻁﻴﻡ‬‫ﺍﻟﺴﻭﺍﺀ‬.‫ﺍﻷﻤﺭﺍﺽ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ٍ‫ﺭ‬‫ﻟﻜﺜﻴ‬ ‫ﹰ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﺩﺍﺌﻤ‬ ‫ﹰ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﻤﻌﺭﻀ‬ ‫ﻴﻜﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻹﺸﺎﻋﺔ؛‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺘﻬﺩﻑ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﺘﻤﻊ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﻴﻌﻴﺵ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺫﻱ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻔﺭﺩ‬‫ﺍﻟﺤﺭﺏ‬ ‫ﺘﻁﺒﻴﻕ‬ ‫ﺴﻴﺎﻗﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻷﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺃﻓﻌﺎﻟﻪ؛‬ ‫ﺘﺼﺭﻓﺎﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﺘﺤﻜﻡ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻴﻪ‬ ‫ﺘﺴﻴﻁﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻲ‬ ،‫ﻭﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻨﻔﺴﻴﺔ‬‫ﻭﺭﻏﺒﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﺤﺎﺠﺎﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﻨﺴﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﻴﻭل‬ ‫ﻤﻊ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻌﺎﻤل‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺘﻌﺘﻤﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺤﻴﺎﻥ؛‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻜﺜﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﻔﺴﻴﺔ‬‫ﺜـﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﻤـﻥ‬ ،‫ﺘﻪ‬‫ﻤﺭﻏﻭﺏ‬ ‫ﺇﺸﺒﺎﻉ‬ ‫ﺒﺄﺴﺎﻟﻴﺏ‬ ‫ﻏﺭﺍﺌﺯﻩ؛‬‫ﻓﻴﻬﺎ‬‫ﻤﻨﻔﺭ‬ ‫ﺘﺠﻨﺏ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ،‫ﻤﻨﻪ‬‫ﻤﻌﻅﻤﻬـﺎ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺘﺴﺘﻬﻭﻱ‬ ‫ﻤﻌﻁﻴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﻫﻲ‬ ،‫ﻭﺍﻟﻤﻜـﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺯﻤـﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻁﻠﻭﺏ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻬﺩﻑ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻭﺼﻭل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﻔﺴﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﻼﺡ‬ ‫ﺃﻤﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻁﺭﻴﻕ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﻤﻬﺩ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻤﺘﻠﻘﻴﻥ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﺤﺩﺩﻴﻥ‬.‫ﻟﻠﺤـﺭﺏ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤـﺴﺎﻋﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻤـﻭﺭ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟﻌﺩﻴﺩ‬ ‫ﻟﺘﻤﻴﺯﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﻋﻼﻤﻴﺔ؛‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻭﺴﺎﺌل‬ ‫ﺃﺒﺭﺯ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺫﺍﻋﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﻌﺩ‬‫ﺍﻟﻨﻔﺴﻴﺔ‬:‫ﻓﻴﻤﺘـﺎﺯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻠﻔﺎﺯ‬ ‫ﻭﺃﻤﺎ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻜﻠﻔﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺒﺴﺎﻁﺔ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻔﻬﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﺴﻬﻭﻟﺔ‬ ،‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﺨﺩﺍﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﺘﺴﺎﻉ‬ ،‫ﺍﻻﻨﺘﺸﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﻜﺴﺭﻋﺔ‬‫ﻭﻴﻌﺘﺒﺭ‬ ،‫ﺍﻷﻓﺭﺍﺩ‬ ‫ﻟﺩﻯ‬ ‫ﹰ‬‫ﻻ‬‫ﻭﻗﺒﻭ‬ ‫ﹰ‬‫ﺔ‬‫ﺃﻟﻔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻭﺴﺎﺌل‬ ‫ﺃﻜﺜﺭ‬ ‫ﻭﻫﻭ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﺘﻭﺠﻴﻬﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﻗﺩﺭﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﺒﺠﺎﺫﺒﻴﺘﻪ‬‫ﻜﻼﻫﻤﺎ‬)‫ﺍﻹﺫﺍﻋـﺔ‬‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻠﻔﺎﺯ‬(‫ﺇﻋﻼﻤﻴـﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺴﻴﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﺴﺭﻉ‬ ‫ﻭﻷﻨﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻡ؛‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺭﺃﻱ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﹰ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﺘﺄﺜﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺃﻜﺜﺭ‬ ‫ﻟﻜﻭﻨﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻭﺴﺎﺌل‬ ‫ﻫﺫﻩ‬ ‫ﺃﺒﺭﺯ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬‫ﺍﻟﻜﺘﺎﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟﻘﺭﺍﺀﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺱ‬ ‫ﻹﻟﻤﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺘﺤﺘﺎﺝ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻴﻭﻡ‬ ‫ﻁﻭﺍل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﺘﻼﺯﻡ‬)،‫ﺤـﺴﻭﻨﺔ‬ ‫ﺇﺒـﺭﺍﻫﻴﻡ‬ ‫ﺨﻠﻴل‬٢٠٠١:٢٢. (‫ﺘﺴ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻭﺴﺎﺌل‬ ‫ﺘﻠﻙ‬ ‫ﺒﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺘﺩﺍﻭﻟﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﻋﻼﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﺎﻟﻤﺎﺩﺓ‬‫ﻭﺍﻟﻨﻔـﺴﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻘﻠﻴـﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔـﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﺘﻭﺠﻬﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻴﻁﺭ‬‫ﺁﻟﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺼﻬﻴﻭﻨﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺭﻜﺔ‬ ‫ﹼﺭ‬‫ﺨ‬‫ﺘﺴ‬ ‫ﻟﺫﻟﻙ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻭﺴﺎﺌل؛‬ ‫ﺘﻠﻙ‬ ‫ﻴﻤﺘﻠﻜﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﺘﺠﺎﻫﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻴﺘﻨﺎﺴﺏ‬ ‫ﺒﻤﺎ‬ ،‫ﻭﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ‬‫ﺒﻭﺍﺴﻁﺘﻬﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﻀﺨﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﺇﻋﻼﻤﻴﺔ‬)‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻠﻔﺎﺯ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺫﺍﻋﺔ‬(‫ﻋﻠـﻰ‬ ‫ﺘـﺴﻴﻁﺭ‬ ‫ﺤﻴﺙ‬ ،‫ﻭﻓﻠﺴﻁﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻟﻡ‬ ‫ﻤﺴﺘﻭﻯ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬‫ﺍﻟﻐﺭﺒﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻟﻡ‬ ‫ﺒﻼﺩ‬ ‫ﺒﻌﺽ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻠﻔﺎﺯ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺫﺍﻋﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﺤﻁﺎﺕ‬‫ﺭﺅﻭﺱ‬ ‫ﺴـﻴﻁﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻁﺭﻴﻕ‬ ‫ﻋﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺫﻟﻙ‬ ،‫ﻭﺃﻤﺭﻴﻜﺎ‬
  • 17. ‫ﺍﻹﺸﺎﻋﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺘﺭﻭﻴﺞ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﻔﺴﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺒﻌﺎﺩ‬‫ﻋﻼﺠﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﺴﺒل‬ ‫ﺍﻹﻋﻼﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﺴﺎﺌل‬ ‫ﻋﺒﺭ‬١٦١‫ﺇﺴﺭﺍﺌﻴل‬ ‫ﺘﺨﺩﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻭﺠﻬﺔ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺘﻭﺠﻬﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻡ‬‫ﺜ‬ ،‫ﺴﻴﺎﺴﺘﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻤﻭﺍل‬)،‫ﺍﷲ‬ ‫ﻋﺒـﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﻴﺩ‬ ‫ﻤﻌﺘﺯ‬١٩٩٧:٦٧.(‫ﻭﺍﻟﺩﻋﺎﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺸﺎﻋﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﻜﺎﻨﺕ‬-‫ﺍﻟﻌﻘﺎﺌـﺩﻱ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﺘﺎﺭﻴﺨﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻨﻁﻠﻕ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺴﻭﺍﺀ‬-‫ﻻﺤـﺘﻼل‬ ‫ﹰ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﺃﺴﺎﺴـ‬‫ﺍﻟﺼﻬﻴﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻨﻅﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﻗﺩﻤﺕ‬ ‫ﻓﻘﺩ‬ ‫ﻓﻠﺴﻁﻴﻥ؛‬ ‫ﺃﺭﺽ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺴﺭﺍﺌﻴﻠﻴﻴﻥ‬‫ﺍﻟﺫﻱ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﻼﻡ‬ ‫ﻤﺅﺘﻤﺭ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﻤﺫﻜﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻟﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻨﻴﺔ‬‫ﺍﻟﺘﺎﺭﻴﺦ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﺩﻋﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﻓﻴﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﺠﺎﺀ‬ ،‫ﺍﻷﻭﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻟﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺭﺏ‬ ‫ﻋﻘﺏ‬ ‫ﺒﺠﻨﻴﻑ‬ ‫ﺍﻨﻌﻘﺩ‬)‫ﺍﻷﺭﺽ‬ ‫ﻫـﺫﻩ‬ ‫ﺇﻥ‬:‫ﺃﻱ‬‫ﻟﻠﻴﻬﻭﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺎﺭﻴﺨﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻭﻁﻥ‬ ‫ﻫﻲ‬ ‫ﻓﻠﺴﻁﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺃﺭﺽ‬(‫ﺍﻟﺤﻘـﻭﻕ‬ ‫ﻓﻜﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺒﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺼﻬﻴﻭﻨﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﻋﺎﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﻩ‬ ‫ﻭﺭﺒﻁﺕ‬ ،‫ﺍﺴ‬ ‫ﺒﺄﻥ‬ ‫ﺘﺩﻋﻲ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻴﻌﺎﺩ؛‬ ‫ﺃﺭﺽ‬ ‫ﻭﻓﻜﺭﺓ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﺘﺎﺭﻴﺨﻴﺔ‬‫ﹰ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﺤﻜﻤ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻴﻬﻭﺩ‬ ‫ﻁﺭﻑ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻓﻠﺴﻁﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺃﺭﺽ‬ ‫ﺘﻴﻁﺎﻥ‬‫ﹰ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﺇﻟﻬﻴ‬..‫ﻭﻫﻜﺫﺍ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻤﺴﻴﺢ‬ ‫ﻟﻌﻭﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﺒﺸﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﻫﻲ‬ ‫ﺇﺴﺭﺍﺌﻴل‬ ‫ﺍﻨﺘﺼﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﺒﺄﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺴﻴﺤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺼﻭﻟﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﺸﺎﻋﺕ‬ ‫ﻜﻤﺎ‬.‫ﺒﻤـﺎ‬ ،‫ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻌﻠﻴﻕ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺨﺒﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﻨﺸﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺒﺙ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺭﺒﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟﻠﻐﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺼﻬﻴﻭﻨﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺫﺍﻋﺔ‬ ‫ﹼﺯﺕ‬‫ﻜ‬‫ﺭ‬ ‫ﻜﻤﺎ‬‫ﺍﻟﻨﻔﺴﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺤﺭﺒﻪ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﻭﺴﻴﺎﺴﺘﻪ‬ ،‫ﺍﻹﺴﺭﺍﺌﻴﻠﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺤﺘﻼل‬ ‫ﻴﺨﺩﻡ‬‫ﻭﻀﺭﺏ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻭﻁﻨﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻭﺤﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﻟﺘﻔﺘﻴﺕ‬ ‫ﺘﻬﺩﻑ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻲ‬‫ﺭﻭﺡ‬‫ﺍﻻ‬ ‫ﻨﻔﺴﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺯﺭﻉ‬ ،‫ﻭﺍﻟﻤﻘﺎﻭﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺼﻤﻭﺩ‬‫ﻓﻠﺴﻁﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻘﺎﻭﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﺒﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺭﺒﻁ‬ ‫ﻭﻜﺫﻟﻙ‬ ،‫ﻭﺍﻟﻬﺯﻴﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﻨﻜﺴﺎﺭ‬‫ﻭﺘﻨﻅﻴﻡ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﺒﺘﺎﺭﻴﺢ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺴﺭﺍﺌﻴﻠﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺫﺍﻋﺔ‬ ‫ﻨﻘﻠﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺜﺎل‬ ‫ﺴﺒﻴل‬ ‫ﻓﻌﻠﻰ‬ ،‫ﻻﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﺒﻥ‬٩‫ﻋﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺃﺒﺭﻴل‬٢٠٠١‫ﹰ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﺨﺒـﺭ‬ ‫ﻡ‬‫ﻋﻠ‬ ‫ﺍﻋﺘﻘﻠﺕ‬ ‫ﻗﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺴﺭﺍﺌﻴﻠﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﻠﻁﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﻔﺎﺩﻩ‬‫ﺒﺎﻟﺴﻌﻭﺩﻱ‬ ‫ﺼﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﹰ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﻓﻠﺴﻁﻴﻨﻴ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺩﻭﺩﻱ‬ ‫ﺭﻓﺢ‬ ‫ﻤﻌﺒﺭ‬ ‫ﻰ‬"‫ﻻﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﺒﻥ‬ ‫ﺃﺴﺎﻤﺔ‬"‫ﺍﻟﻤﺘﻬﻡ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺫﺍﻋﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺫﻜﺭﺕ‬)‫ﺍﺴﻤﻪ‬ ‫ﺘﺫﻜﺭ‬ ‫ﻟﻡ‬(‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﻻﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﺒﻥ‬ ‫ﻷﺴﺎﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﹰ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﺘﻨﻅﻴﻤ‬ ‫ﻴﻘﻴﻡ‬ ‫ﻜﺎﻥ‬‫ﺍﻟﻔﻠﺴﻁﻴﻨﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻨﺎﻁﻕ‬)،‫ﻟﻼﺴﺘﻌﻼﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻬﻴﺌﺔ‬٢٠٠١. (‫ﺍﻹﺴ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺫﺍﻋﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﻁﻠﻘﺘﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺸﺎﻋﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺃﺒﺭﺯ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻜﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺫﻟﻙ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻹﻀﺎﻓﺔ‬‫ﺘـﺸﻭﻴﻪ‬ ‫ﺃﺠل‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ،‫ﺭﺍﺌﻴﻠﻴﺔ‬‫ﻤﻐﺎﺩﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻗﺒﻴل‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺭﺒﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻠﻐﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺨﺒﺎﺭﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻨﺸﺭﺍﺘﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺇﺤﺩﻯ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﻭﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﻤﺎ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻤﻘﺎﻭﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﺭﺠﺎل‬"‫ﺸﺎﺭﻭﻥ‬"‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﻔﺎﺩﻩ‬ ‫ﹰ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﺨﺒﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺘﺤﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻭﻻﻴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬"‫ﻤﻨﻬـﺎ‬ ،‫ﺍﻋﺘـﺩﺍﺀﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺓ‬‫ﺩ‬‫ﻋ‬ ‫ﻀﺒﻁﺕ‬ ‫ﻗﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺴﺭﺍﺌﻴﻠﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻗﻭﺍﺕ‬‫ﺍﻹﻴﺩﺯ‬ ‫ﺒﻔﻴﺭﻭﺯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻠﻭﺙ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﻡ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻜﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺘﺤﺘﻭﻱ‬ ‫ﻋﺒﻭﺓ‬ ‫ﺘﻔﺠﻴﺭ‬) "،‫ﻟﻼﺴـﺘﻌﻼﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻤـﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻬﻴﺌـﺔ‬٢٠٠٤. (‫ﺍﻟﺩﺍﺨﻠﻴـﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻠﺤﻤـﺔ‬ ‫ﻀﺭﺏ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﹰ‬‫ﺔ‬‫ﺨﺎﺼ‬ ،‫ﺍﻹﺸﺎﻋﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺘﺼﺩﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺒﺭﻉ‬ ‫ﻓﻘﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺴﺭﺍﺌﻴﻠﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻠﻔﺎﺯ‬ ‫ﻭﺃﻤﺎ‬‫ﺒﺘﺎﺭﻴﺦ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺴﺭﺍﺌﻴﻠﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻠﻔﺎﺯ‬ ‫ﺃﻭﺭﺩ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻤﺜﺎل‬ ‫ﺴﺒﻴل‬ ‫ﻓﻌﻠﻰ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻔﻠﺴﻁﻴﻨﻲ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺸﻌﺏ‬٥‫ﻴﻨﺎﻴﺭ‬٢٠٠١‫ﻟﺴﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻡ‬‫ﺍﻹﺴﺭﺍﺌﻴﻠﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻠﻔﺯﻴﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﺭﺍﺴل‬"‫ﻋﺯﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﻴﻌﻘﻭﺏ‬"‫ﻤﺴﺌﻭﻟﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺒﺄﻥ‬‫ﻓـﻲ‬ ‫ﻴﺠـﺭﺅﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﻻ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﻠﺴﻁﻴﻨﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﻠﻁﺔ‬‫ﺍﻟﻔﻠﺴﻁﻴﻨﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﺼﺎﺌل‬ ‫ﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﹰ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﺨﻭﻓ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻤﻨﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﺎﻫﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﺠﺘﻤﺎﻉ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻴﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻭﺼل‬ ‫ﻡ‬‫ﺘ‬ ‫ﺎ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ﻋ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﻋﻼﻥ‬)‫ﺍﻟﻬﻴﺌـﺔ‬،‫ﺍﻟﻔﻠﺴﻁﻴﻨﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻼﺴﺘﻌﻼﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻤﺔ‬٢٠٠٢.(‫ﻭﻫﻜﺫﺍ‬‫ﺍﻻ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﻨﺠﺩ‬‫ﻤـﻥ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻨﻴـل‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺸﺎﻋﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺒﺙ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﻋﻼﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺴﺎﺌﻠﻪ‬ ‫ﻴﺴﺘﺨﺩﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺴﺭﺍﺌﻴﻠﻲ‬ ‫ﺤﺘﻼل‬‫ﺍﻟﻔﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﻨﻔﺴﻴﺔ‬‫ﺍﻟﻘﻠـﻕ‬ ‫ﻴﺤﻴﻁﻪ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻨﻔﺴﻲ‬ ‫ﻤﻀﻤﻭﻨﻪ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﹰ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﻓﺎﺭﻏ‬ ‫ﹰ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﺠﺴﺩ‬ ‫ﻟﻴﺒﻘﻰ‬ ،‫ﻭﻤﻌﻨﻭﻴﺎﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﻭﻋﻘﻠﻪ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻔﻠﺴﻁﻴﻨﻲ‬‫ﺍﻷﻤـﻥ‬ ‫ﻓﻴـﻪ‬ ‫ﻟﻴﺠـﺩ‬ ٍ‫ﻥ‬‫ﻤﻜـﺎ‬ ‫ﻋﻥ‬ ‫ﻓﻴﺒﺤﺙ‬ ،‫ﺠﺎﻨﺏ‬ ‫ﻜل‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺭﻋﺏ‬ ، ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺤﺯﻥ‬ ،‫ﻭﺍﻻﻜﺘﺌﺎﺏ‬ ،‫ﻭﺍﻟﺨﻭﻑ‬
  • 18. ‫ﺩ‬.‫ﺍﻟﻬﻤﺹ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﺘﺎﺡ‬ ‫ﻋﺒﺩ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﺩ‬.‫ﺸ‬ ‫ﻓﺎﻴﺯ‬‫ﻠﺩﺍﻥ‬١٦٢‫ﺩﻭﻟـﺔ‬ ‫ﺘـﺴﻌﻰ‬ ‫ﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﻫﺫﺍ‬ ،‫ﺁﺨﺭ‬ ٍ‫ﻥ‬‫ﻭﻁ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﻁﻨﻪ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﺭﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﺴﻭﻯ‬ ‫ﺃﻤﺎﻤﻪ‬ ‫ﻴﺠﺩ‬ ‫ﻓﻠﻡ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻨﻔﺴﻲ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻹﺴﺘﻘﺭﺍﺭ‬‫ﺘﺤﻘﻴﻘ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺤﺘﻼل‬‫ﻪ‬.‫ﻭﻜـﻡ‬ ،‫ﻋﻅﻤﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺤﻁﻤﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﻜﻡ‬ ،‫ﺃﺒﺭﻴﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺸﺎﻋﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﻗﻠﻘﺕ‬ ‫ﻓﻜﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﻌﺩ‬ ‫ﺼﻌﻴﺩ‬ ‫ﻭﻋﻠﻰ‬‫ﻭﻜـﻡ‬ ،‫ﻭﺼـﺩﺍﻗﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻋﻼﻗﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻓﻜﻜﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﻜﻡ‬ ،‫ﺠﺭﺍﺌﻡ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺸﺎﻋﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺘﺴﺒﺒﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﻜﻡ‬ ،‫ﻭﺸﺎﺌﺞ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻫﺩﻤﺕ‬‫ﻭﺍﻟﺭﺨﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺭﻗﻲ‬ ‫ﻨﺤﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﺘﻤﻌﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺘﻘﺩﻡ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺸﺎﻋﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﺜﺭﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﻜﻡ‬ ،‫ﺠﻴﻭﺵ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻫﺯﻤﺕ‬.‫ﺃﻓ‬ ‫ﺒﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺸﺎﻋﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻨﺘﺸﺭﺕ‬ ‫ﻓﻜﻠﻤﺎ‬‫ﻭﺴﺎﺩﺕ‬ ،‫ﺒﻴﻨﻬﻡ‬ ‫ﻓﻴﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻼﻗﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺴﺎﺀﺕ‬ ‫ﻜﻠﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﺘﻤﻊ؛‬ ‫ﺭﺍﺩ‬‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴـﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟـﺭﻭﺍﺒﻁ‬ ‫ﻓﺄﺴـﻘﻁﺕ‬ ،‫ﻗﻠﻭﺒﻬﻡ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﻭﻜﺭﺍﻫﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺒﻐﺽ‬ ‫ﻭﺤﻘﺩ‬ ‫ﻏل‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﻔﺴﻴﺔ؛‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻤﺭﺍﺽ‬‫ﻴﺼل‬ ‫ﻭﻗﺩ‬ ،‫ﺘﺠﻤﻌﻬﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻲ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻷﺴﺭﻴﺔ‬‫ﺍ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻤﺭ‬‫ﻨﺘﻴﺠـﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌـﺎﻡ؛‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤـﺎﻋﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﻅﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﻜﺎﻤل‬ ‫ﻨﻬﻴﺎﺭ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﺘﻤ‬ ‫ﺃﻓﺭﺍﺩ‬ ‫ﺒﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺸﺎﻋﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻟﺘﺩﺍﻭل‬‫ﻊ‬.٢‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﺘﻤﻊ؟‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﻋﻼﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﺴﺎﺌل‬ ‫ﻋﺒﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺸﺎﻋﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻟﺘﺭﻭﻴﺞ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﻔﺴﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺒﻌﺎﺩ‬ ‫ﻤﺎ‬ ‫ـ‬‫ﻓﻬـﺫﺍ‬ ‫ﺍﺴﺘﻤﺭ‬ ‫ﻓﺈﻥ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﺘﻤﻊ‬ ‫ﺠﺴﺩ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﺨﺭ‬ ‫ﻴﻌﻨﻲ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻨﺘﺸﺎﺭﻫﺎ؛‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﺘﻤﻊ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺸﺎﻋﺔ‬ ‫ﺴﺭﻴﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺇﻥ‬‫ﺒﻔﻌﻠﻬ‬ ‫ﻤﺄﺠﻭﺭﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﺃﻨﻬﻡ‬ ‫ﺸﻙ‬ ‫ﻭﻻ‬ ،‫ﺍﻹﺴﻼﻡ‬ ‫ﺜﻐﻭﺭ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺜﻐﺭ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻓﻬﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻘﻼﺀ‬ ‫ﺘﺩﺍﺭﻜﻪ‬ ‫ﻭﺇﻥ‬ ‫ﻫﻼﻜﻪ؛‬ ‫ﻴﻌﻨﻲ‬،‫ﻡ‬‫ﻭﺍﻗﻊ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﻨﻅﺭﻨﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﻟﻭ‬)‫ﺍﻹﺸﺎﻋﺔ‬(،‫ﺍﻟﺤﻘﺎﺌﻕ‬ ‫ﻭﻗﻠﺏ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻐﺎﻟﻁﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ٍ‫ﺭ‬‫ﻜﺜﻴ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺘﺸﺘﻤل‬ ‫ﺃﻨﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻟﻭﺠﺩﻨﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻴﻭﻡ؛‬‫ﺍﻟﻅﻠـﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﺴـﺘﻤﺭﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﻴﻌﻨﻲ‬ ‫ﻭﻫﺫﺍ‬ ،‫ﻟﻠﺤﻘﻴﻘﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﺨﺎﻟﻑ‬ ‫ﻜﻼﻡ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻹﻋﻼﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﺎﻟﺱ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﻕ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﺴ‬‫ﻴ‬ ‫ﻟﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻹﺫﻋﺎﻥ‬‫ﻤﻌﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺘﻁﻠﻊ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺸﻤﺱ‬ ‫ﻓﻴﻪ‬ ‫ﺘﻁﻠﻊ‬ ‫ﻴﻭﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﻜل‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻘﻭل‬ ‫ﺒﺯﺨﺭﻑ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻘﺒﻭل‬)‫ﺇﺸﺎﻋﺔ‬(‫ﻭﻴﻁﻠـﻊ‬ ،‫ﺠﺩﻴـﺩﺓ‬‫ﻤﻌﻬـﺎ‬‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻨﻁﻊ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﺄﻴﻴﺩ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻹﺸﺎﻋﺔ‬ ‫ﻴﺘﻌﺎﻫﺩﻭﻨﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻤﺘﻁﻔﻠﻭﻥ‬.‫ﺍﻟﻤﺘﺤـﻀﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻐﺭﺒﻴـﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺸﺭﻗﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﺘﻤﻌﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻜل‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺘﻨﺘﺸﺭ‬ ‫ﺨﻁﻴﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻅﺎﻫﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻓﺎﻹﺸﺎﻋﺔ‬،‫ﻭﺍﻟﻔﻘﻴﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻐﻨﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻤﺘﺨﻠﻔﺔ؛‬َ‫ﹰ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﻭﻏﺎﻟﺒ‬ ،‫ﻭﺍﻟﻬﺩﻑ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺸﻜل‬ ‫ﺤﻴﺙ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﺘﻤﺎﺜل‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻤﻭﻀﻭﻉ‬ ‫ﺤﻴﺙ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻓﺘﺨﺘﻠﻑ‬‫ﻭﺍﻫ‬ ‫ﻭﺠﻨﺴﻪ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﺘﻤﻊ‬ ‫ﺜﻘﺎﻓﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﻊ‬ ‫ﺘﺘﻨﺎﺴﺏ‬ ‫ﻤﺎ‬‫ﺍﻟﺘﻲ‬ ‫ﻭﻫﻲ‬ ،‫ﻭﻫﻭﺍﺠﺴﻪ‬ ‫ﺘﻤﺎﻤﺎﺘﻪ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﺘﻤـﻊ‬ ‫ﻓـﻲ‬ ‫ﻓﻌﻠﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺘﻔﻌل‬‫ﻓـﻼ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻤﺘﺤﻀﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﺘﻤﻊ‬ ‫ﺘﺭﻋﺏ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻲ‬ ‫ﻫﻲ‬ ‫ﺃﻨﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻜﻤﺎ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻤﺘﺤﻀﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﺘﻤﻊ‬ ‫ﹰ‬‫ﻻ‬‫ﺒﺎ‬ ‫ﻟﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻴﻠﻘﻲ‬ ‫ﻻ‬ ‫ﻗﺩ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﺒﺩﺍﺌﻲ‬‫ﻓﻘﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﺃﺓ‬ ‫ﺘﻬﺯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻲ‬ ‫ﻭﻫﻲ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻤﺘﺨﻠﻔﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﺒﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻴﺒﺎﻟﻲ‬[‫ﻭﻫﻜﺫﺍ‬ ‫ﻭﺒﺎﻟﻌﻜﺱ‬ ،‫ﻟﻠﺭﺠل‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟﻨﺴﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﹰ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﺸﻴﺌ‬ ‫ﺘﻌﻨﻲ‬ ‫ﻻ‬.‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﺘﻤﻊ؛‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺸﺎﻋﺔ‬ ‫ﺨﻁﺭ‬ ‫ﺇﻥ‬‫ﺒﺎﻷﻗﺎﻭﻴـل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﺘﻤـﻊ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﺍ‬ ‫ﻴﺘﻨﺎﻭل‬ ‫ﻋﻨﺩﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﺨﻁﻭﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺃﻜﺜﺭ‬ ‫ﻴﻜﻭﻥ‬‫ﺍﻹﺸـﺎﻋﺔ‬ ‫ﺘﻜـﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﺫﻟﻙ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺃﺨﻁﺭ‬ ،‫ﻭﺒﻨﻴﺎﻨﻪ‬ ‫ﻭﺃﺴﺴﻪ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﺜﻠﻪ‬ ‫ﻭﻗﻴﻤﻪ‬ ‫ﻋﻘﻴﺩﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﻴﻤﺱ‬ ‫ﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻹﺸﺎﻋﺎﺕ؛‬‫ﹰ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﺨﻁﺭ‬ ‫ﺃﻜﺜﺭ‬ ‫ﻓﻬﺅﻻﺀ‬ ،‫ﻭﺍﻟﻤﻌﺭﻓﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻡ‬ ‫ﺃﻫل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﺘﻤﻊ‬ ‫ﻭﻴﻌﺘﺒﺭﻫﻡ‬ ‫ﺒﻬﻡ‬ ‫ﻨﺜﻕ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻴﺩ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺘﺠﺭﻱ‬‫ﺒﺎﻋﺘﺒﺎﺭﻫﻡ‬‫ﻫﻨ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﻥ‬ ،‫ﺍﻵﺨﺭﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻨﻔﻭﺱ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﹰ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﺘﺄﺜﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺃﻜﺜﺭ‬‫ﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﻟﻜل‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻻﻨﺘﺒﺎﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺭﻴﺙ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺒﺩ‬ ‫ﻻ‬ ‫ﺎ‬‫ﺇﻟـﻰ‬ ‫ﻨﻠﺠـﺄ‬ ‫ﻭﺃﻥ‬ ،‫ﻨﺘﻠﻘﺎﻩ‬،‫ﹼﺩ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ﻭﻨﻘ‬ ‫ﻨﺘﻠﻘﻰ‬ ‫ﻌﺔ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ﺇ‬ ‫ﻤﺠﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﻨﻜﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﻻ‬ ،‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻔﻜﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻘل‬ ‫ﺇﻋﻤﺎل‬‫ﻓﺨﻁـﺭ‬ ،‫ﻭﺩﺏ‬ ‫ﻫـﺏ‬ ‫ﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﻜل‬ ‫ﻕ‬‫ﺩ‬‫ﻭﻨﺼ‬‫ﹰ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﻓﺘﻜ‬ ‫ﺃﻜﺒﺭ‬ ‫ﻓﻬﻲ‬ ،‫ﺍﻷﻤﺭﺍﺽ‬ ‫ﺃﺨﻁﺭ‬ ‫ﻴﻔﻭﻕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﺘﻤﻊ؛‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺸﺎﻋﺔ‬‫ﹰ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﺤﺭﺼـ‬ ‫ﻤﻨﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﺴﺘﺤﻕ‬ ،‫ﹰ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﺘﺄﺜﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﻭﺃﻜﺜﺭ‬‫ﺠﺎ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﻴﻭﺼﻠﻨﺎ‬ ‫ﹰ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﻭﺇﺩﺭﺍﻜ‬ ‫ﹰ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﻭﻭﻋﻴ‬‫ﻭﺍﻟﺼﻭﺍﺏ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﻕ‬ ‫ﺩﺓ‬.
  • 19. ‫ﺍﻹﺸﺎﻋﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺘﺭﻭﻴﺞ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﻔﺴﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺒﻌﺎﺩ‬‫ﻋﻼﺠﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﺴﺒل‬ ‫ﺍﻹﻋﻼﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﺴﺎﺌل‬ ‫ﻋﺒﺭ‬١٦٣،‫ﺍﻷﺴﺎﺴـﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺎﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﺘﻅل‬ ‫ﻭﻭﻴﻼﺕ‬ ،‫ﻤﺴﺎﻭﺉ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺸﺎﻋﺔ؛‬ ‫ﺘﺴﺒﺒﻪ‬ ‫ﻤﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﺘﻤﻊ؛‬ ‫ﻴﻌﻠﻤﻪ‬ ‫ﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﻜل‬ ‫ﻭﻤﻊ‬‫ﻤﻨﺘﻨـﺎ؛‬ ‫ﺠﻠﺩﻴﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﻁﻔﺤﺎ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﺘﻤﻊ‬ ‫ﺠﺴﺩ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﻓﺎﺴﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﺒﺅﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻤﺭﻭﺠﻭﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﻴﺒﻘﻰ‬ ،‫ﻟﻤﺭﻭﺠﻴﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺤﺒﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻬﻭﺍﻴﺔ‬‫ﻭﺍﺴﺘﺌﺼﺎﻟﻬ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻔﺘﺎﻜﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻵﻓﺔ؛‬ ‫ﻫﺫﻩ‬ ‫ﻤﺤﺎﺭﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﺸﻌﺏ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ،‫ﺃﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ،‫ﺠﻤﺎﻋﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﻱ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻓﻴﺠﺏ‬‫ﻤـﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻨﺘﺯﺍﻋﻬﺎ‬ ،‫ﺎ‬‫ﺃﺨﻁﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﺃﻱ‬ ‫ﻀﺩ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﻘﻑ‬ ‫ﻤﺴﺘﻘﺒﻠﻬﺎ؛‬ ‫ﺘﺒﻨﻲ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﺤﺩ؛‬ ‫ﻫﺩﻑ‬ ‫ﺫﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﺘﺭﺍﺒﻁﺔ؛‬ ،‫ﻤﺘﻤﺎﺴﻜﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﺘﺒﻘﻰ‬ ‫ﺠﺫﻭﺭﻫﺎ؛‬‫ﻤﺴﻴﺭﺘﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺘﻌﺘﺭﺽ‬.‫ﺍﻟﻌﻘل‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺘﺭﺴﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﻔﺴﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻘﺩ‬ ‫ﺒﻌﺽ‬ ‫ﻋﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﻌﺒﻴﺭ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﺘﻤﻊ‬ ‫ﻀﺩ‬ ‫ﻋﺩﻭﺍﻨﻲ‬ ‫ﺴﻠﻭﻙ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺸﺎﻋﺔ‬ ‫ﺇﻥ‬‫ﻭﻗﺩ‬ ،‫ﻤﺒﺎﺸﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺃﻓﻌﺎل‬ ‫ﻋﻨﻪ‬ ‫ﻴﻨﺠﻡ‬ ‫ﻗﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺩﻭﺍﻨﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﻠﻭﻙ‬ ‫ﻭﻫﺫﺍ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﺒﺎﻁﻥ‬‫ﺍﻟﺸﺫﻭﺫ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻨﻭﻉ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﻴﺘﺤﻭل‬‫ﻓﻲ‬‫ﻫﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺸﺎﻋﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺃﻨﻭﺍﻉ‬ ‫ﺃﺒﺭﺯ‬ ‫ﻭﻟﻌل‬ ،‫ﻭﺍﻟﻌﻤل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﻭل‬:‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﻴﺘﺭﻜﻬﻡ‬ ‫ﻷﻨﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺱ؛‬ ‫ﺒﺄﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﹼﻕ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ﻴﺘﻌ‬ ‫ﻤﺎ‬‫ﺩﻭﺍﻤﺔ‬‫ﻭﺨﺎﺼﺔ‬ ،‫ﻭﺍﻷﻤﻨﻲ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻱ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻭﻀﻊ‬ ‫ﻭﺨﺎﺼﺔ‬ ‫ﺤﻴﺎﺘﻬﻡ‬ ‫ﻤﺠﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﻴﺅﺜﺭ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻘﻠﻕ‬‫ﻭﺍﻟﺩﻴ‬ ‫ﻜﺎﻷﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﻘﺭﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﻭﺜﻭﺍﺒﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻭﻋﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺩﺭﺍﻙ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺱ‬ ‫ﻴﻔﺘﻘﺩ‬ ‫ﻋﻨﺩﻤﺎ‬‫ﻥ‬‫ﻭﺍﻟﻘﻴﻡ‬)،‫ﺍﻟﺤﺎﺭﺜﻲ‬ ‫ﻋﺩﻴﻡ‬٢٠٠٥:٢٢.(‫ﻭﺍﻟﻤﺴﺘﻭﻯ‬‫ﻋﻠـﻰ‬ ‫ﺘﺘﺭﺘـﺏ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘـﻲ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟﺴﻠﺒﻴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺘﺄﺜﺭﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺠﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻨﻌﻜﺎﺴﺎﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﻟﻪ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺠﻤﺎﻋﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻌﻠﻴﻤﻲ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﺒﻨﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻨﺸﺌﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺴﺎﻟﻴﺏ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﻜﻤﺎ‬ ،‫ﺍﻹﺸﺎﻋﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺘﺭﻭﻴﺞ‬‫ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﺠﻤﺎﻋﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻜل‬ ‫ﺜﻘﺎﻓﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﻌﻁﻴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬‫ﹰ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﺃﻴﻀ‬ ‫ﺫﻟﻙ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺃﺜﺭﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﻤﺠﺘﻤﻊ‬.‫ﻭﺍﻻﺠ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﻔﺴﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻵﺜﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﻥ‬‫ﺍﻹﺸـﺎﻋﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺘﺭﻭﻴﺞ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺘﺘﺭﺘﺏ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻲ‬ ‫ﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ‬‫ﻴﻠﻲ‬ ‫ﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﺘﻤﻊ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺨل‬:‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻲ‬ ‫ِﻠﻡ‬‫ﺴ‬‫ﻭﺍﻟ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﻴﻤﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﻅﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺘﺩﻤﻴﺭ‬:‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﹰ‬‫ﻻ‬‫ﻤﻌﻘﻭ‬ ‫ﹰ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﻨﻭﻋ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻹﺴﻼﻤﻴﺔ؛‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺭﺒﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺒﻴﻨﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﺘﻤﻌﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺩﻴﺩ‬ ‫ﺘﻌﻴﺵ‬:‫ﻭﺍﻻﺴﺘﻘﺭﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺠﺎﻨﺱ‬‫ﺍﻟ‬ ‫ﺴـﺒﻴل‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻓﻬﻨﺎﻙ‬ ،‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﻀﻭﺍﺒﻁﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﻴﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻨﻅﻤﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻀﻭﺀ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻨﺴﺒﻲ‬‫ﻤﺜـﺎل‬:،‫ﺍﻟـﺼﺩﻕ‬‫ﺫﻟﻙ‬ ‫ﻭﻏﻴﺭ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻌﻤل‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻹﺨﻼﺹ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺎل‬ ‫ﺼﻴﺎﻨﺔ‬ ،‫ﺒﺎﻟﻤﻭﺍﻁﻨﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺸﻌﻭﺭ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﺘﻜﺎﻓل‬ ،‫ﺍﻹﻴﺜﺎﺭ‬ ،‫ﺍﻷﻤﺎﻨﺔ‬‫ﺍﻟـﺼﻤﻭﺩ‬ ‫ﻋﻠـﻰ‬ ‫ﻗﺩﺭﺘـﻪ‬ ‫ﻭﻀﻌﻑ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﺘﻤﻊ‬ ‫ﺍﻀﻁﺭﺍﺏ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺨﺭﻗﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻴﺅﺩﻱ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻲ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻤﻌﺎﻴﻴﺭ؛‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﻴﻡ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬‫ﻭﻤﺭﻭﺠـ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﻔـﺴﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺭﺏ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﺨﻁﻁﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺨﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻁﺭﺍﻑ‬ ‫ﺒﺎل‬ ‫ﻋﻥ‬ ‫ﻴﻐﻴﺏ‬ ‫ﻻ‬ ‫ﻫﺩﻑ‬ ‫ﻭﻫﺫﺍ‬ ،‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﺤﺩﻱ‬‫ﻲ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﺎل‬ ‫ﻫﺫﺍ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻭﺠﻬﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺭﺍﻤﺞ‬ ‫ﺨﻼل‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺸﺎﻋﺎﺕ‬.‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﺘﻤﻊ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺤﺒﺎﻁ‬ ‫ﻤﺸﺎﻋﺭ‬ ‫ﺘﻌﻤﻴﻡ‬:‫ﺍﻟﻀﺭﻭﺭﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺤﺎﺠﺎﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﺇﺸﺒﺎﻉ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﻨﺴﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻓﺸل‬-‫ﻨﻔﺴﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﻡ‬ ‫ﻜﺎﻨﺕ‬ ‫ﺒﻴﻭﻟﻭﺠﻴﺔ‬-‫ﺍﻟﻔـﺸل‬ ‫ﺫﻟﻙ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﻜﺭﺍﺭ‬،‫ﺍﻹﻨﺴﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺨل‬ ‫ﻴﻭﺠﻪ‬ ‫ﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﻋﺎﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺫﻱ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺩﻭﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺘﺴﺘﺜﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﻨﻔﺴﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺤﺎﻟﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﻫﻲ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻹﺤﺒﺎﻁ؛‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺸﻌﻭﺭ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﻴﺅﺩﻱ‬‫ﻜﺎﻨﻭﺍ‬ ‫ﹰ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﺃﺸﺨﺎﺼ‬ ،‫ﺍﻵﺨﺭﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺃﻱ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺨﺎﺭﺝ‬ ‫ﻨﺤﻭ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ،‫ﻭﺍﻻﻜﺘﺌﺎﺏ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻌﺯﻟﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺫﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺇﻴﺫﺍﺀ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺭﻏﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﺤﻴﺙ‬‫ﻤﺜـل‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻤﺒﺎﺸﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺎﺩﻱ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺨﺭﻴﺏ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻴل‬ ‫ﺤﻴﺙ‬ ‫ﺤﻜﻭﻤﻴﺔ؛‬ ‫ﻭﺩﻭﺍﺌﺭ‬ ‫ﻤﺅﺴﺴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬:‫ﻋﻠـﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺠـﺎﻭﺯ‬‫ﻤﺘﻨﻭﻋﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﻋﻤﺎل‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﻏﻴﺭﻫﺎ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻤﺘﻠﻜﺎﺕ‬.‫ﻤﺜـل‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻤﺒﺎﺸـﺭ‬ ‫ﻏﻴـﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﻔﺴﻲ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﺨﺭﻴﺏ‬:‫ﻋـﺩﻡ‬
  • 20. ‫ﺩ‬.‫ﺍﻟﻬﻤﺹ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﺘﺎﺡ‬ ‫ﻋﺒﺩ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﺩ‬.‫ﺸ‬ ‫ﻓﺎﻴﺯ‬‫ﻠﺩﺍﻥ‬١٦٤‫ﺍﻹﺨﻼ‬‫ﻤـﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﻏﻴﺭﻫـﺎ‬ ،‫ﺍﻵﺨﺭﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺘﻘﺩﻡ‬ ‫ﺃﻤﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺭﺍﻗﻴل‬ ‫ﻭﻭﻀﻊ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺌﻭﻟﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺘﺤﻤل‬ ‫ﻭﺘﺠﻨﺏ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻤل‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺹ‬‫ﺍﻹﺸﺎﻋﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺨﻼل‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ،‫ﻟﻠﻤﻨﻁﻘﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻭﺠﻬﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﻔﺴﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﺤﺭﺒﻬﻡ‬ ‫ﹰ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﺃﻫﺩﺍﻓ‬ ‫ﻟﻭﻀﻌﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﻌﺽ‬ ‫ﺘﻐﺭﻱ‬ ‫ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺎﺕ‬.‫ﻟﻠﻔﻜﺭ‬ ‫ﻭﺇﻋﺎﻗﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻤﻌﻨﻭﻴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺘﺩﻨﻲ‬:‫ﻓﺎﻟ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻨﻭﻴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺘﺩﻨﻲ‬ ‫ﻻﻨﺘﺸﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﻭﺴﻴﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﻴﻌﺘﺒﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﺘﻤﻊ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺸﺎﻋﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻨﺘﺸﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﺇﻥ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤـﺴﺘﻬﺩﻑ‬ ‫ﻁﺭﻑ‬‫ﺨﻼﻟﻬـﺎ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺘﺤﺠﺏ‬ ‫ﺤﻭﺍﺠﺯ‬ ‫ﺘﺒﻨﻲ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﻴﻤﻜﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺸﺎﻋﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﻜﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﻤﻌﻨﻭﻴﺎﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﺒﺘﻤﺯﻴﻕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻨﻲ‬ ‫ﻫﻭ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺸﺎﺌﻌﺔ‬‫ﺘﺼﺩﻴﻘﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻴﺼﻌﺏ‬ ‫ﻭﺭﺒﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﻘﺎﺌﻕ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻌﺭﻑ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﻠﺒﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻨﻭﻉ‬ ‫ﻓﻴﺤﺩﺙ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﻘﻴﻘﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻨﺘﺸﺎﺭ‬..‫ﻫﺫﺍ‬ ‫ﻜل‬‫ﻻﻨﺘـﺸ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠـﺎل‬ ‫ﻭﻴﻔـﺴﺢ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺭﺃﻱ‬ ‫ﻤﺼﺩﺍﻗﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﻭﻴﺅﺜﺭ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻨﺎﺱ‬ ‫ﹰ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﻤﺭﺒﻜ‬ ‫ﹰ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﻤﻨﺎﺨ‬ ‫ﻴﻭﻟﺩ‬‫ﺍﻷﻜﺎﺫﻴـﺏ‬ ‫ﺎﺭ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﺘﻤﻊ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺴﻠﺒﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻁﺎﻗﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻴﺒﺙ‬ ‫ﻤﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﺴﻴﺌﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﻘﺎﺼﺩ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺒﻨﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻷﺨﺒﺎﺭ‬.‫ﺼـﻴﺎﻏﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﹰ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﻫﺎﻤ‬ ‫ﹰ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﺠﻭﻫﺭﻴ‬ ‫ﹰ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﺠﺯﺀ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﺘﻤﻌﺎﺕ؛‬ ‫ﺤﻴﺎﺓ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺨﺘﻠﻔﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﻋﻼﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﺴﺎﺌل‬ ‫ﺩﻭﺭ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﻗﺩ‬‫ﺃﺩﺍﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﻋﻼﻤﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺨﻁﺎﺏ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺠﻌل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻴﻭﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻟﻡ‬ ‫ﻓﻀﺎﺌﻴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺒﻴﺕ‬ ‫ﻜل‬ ‫ﺍﻨﻔﺘﺎﺡ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﻜﻤﺎ‬ ،‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻁﻭﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﻜﺭ‬‫ﺘﻭ‬ ‫ﻴﻤﻜﻥ‬‫ﻭﺒﺎﺘﺕ‬ ،‫ﻭﺍﻟﺩﻭﻟﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻹﻗﻠﻴﻤﻴﺔ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻘﻁﺭﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﻀﺎﻴﺎ‬ ‫ﻟﻴﺸﻤل‬ ‫ﻴﻤﺘﺩ‬ ‫ﺒل‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﺠﻤﺎﻋﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﺴﺘﻭﻯ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻅﻴﻔﻬﺎ‬‫ﺤﻭﻟﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺠﺩﺍل‬ ‫ﻻ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﻀﺎﺌﻴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻓﺎﺌﺩﺓ‬)،‫ﺍﻟﺯﻫﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﻤﺤﻤﻭﺩ‬٢٠٠٤:٥.(‫ﺍﻹﺸﺎﻋﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﻤﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﺴﺅﻭﻟﻴﺘﻨﺎ‬ ‫ﺃﻤﺎ‬:‫ﺍﻟﻘﻭﻯ‬ ‫ﻤﻭﺍﺯﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻗﻠﺏ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺤﺎﺴﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﹰ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﺃﺩﻭﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺸﺎﻋﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻌﺒﺕ‬ ‫ﻟﻘﺩ‬‫ﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺎﻀﻲ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ،‫ﻤﺭﻭﺠﻴﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻟﺼﺎﻟﺢ‬،‫ﻭﺍﻟﺤـﺭﻭﺏ‬ ‫ﺍﻟـﺼﺭﺍﻋﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻓـﻲ‬ ‫ﻓﺘﺎﻙ‬ ‫ﻨﻔﺴﻲ‬ ‫ﺴﻼﺡ‬ ‫ﻓﻬﻲ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﺤﺎﻀﺭ‬‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺃﺴﻠﻭﺏ‬‫ﻨﺠـﺩ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﻋﺠـﺏ‬ ‫ﻭﻻ‬ ،‫ﻭﺍﻟﻤﺠﺘﻤـﻊ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﺼﻌﻴﺩ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻨﻭﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺭﻭﺡ‬ ‫ﺘﻘﻭﻴﺽ‬ ‫ﺃﺴﺎﻟﻴﺏ‬‫ﺍﻟﻜﺭﻴﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﺭﺁﻥ‬‫ﺘﻌﺎﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺒﻘﻭﻟﻪ‬ ‫ﺁﺜﺎﺭﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﻋﻤﻕ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻭﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺤﻴﻁﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺒﺼﺭ‬ ‫ﻀﺭﻭﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺽ‬‫ﺤ‬ ‫ﻗﺩ‬:}‫ـﺎ‬‫ﻴ‬ِ‫ﺴ‬‫ﹶﺎ‬‫ﻓ‬ ‫ﻡ‬‫ﹸ‬‫ﻜ‬‫ﺎﺀ‬‫ﺠ‬ ‫ِﻥ‬‫ﺇ‬ ‫ﹸﻭﺍ‬‫ﻨ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ﺁ‬ ‫ﻥ‬‫ِﻴ‬‫ﺫ‬‫ﱠ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﺍ‬ ‫ﺎ‬‫ﻬ‬‫ﻴ‬َ‫ﺃ‬‫ﻡ‬‫ﹸ‬‫ﺘ‬‫ﹾـ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ﻌ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻓ‬ ‫ﺎ‬‫ﻤ‬ ‫ﹶﻰ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ﻋ‬ ‫ﻭﺍ‬‫ﺤ‬ِ‫ﺒ‬‫ﺼ‬‫ﹸ‬‫ﺘ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻓ‬ ٍ‫ﺔ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﻬ‬‫ﺠ‬ِ‫ﺒ‬ ‫ﹰ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻗ‬ ‫ﻭﺍ‬‫ﺒ‬‫ِﻴ‬‫ﺼ‬‫ﹸ‬‫ﺘ‬ ‫َﻥ‬‫ﺃ‬ ‫ﹸﻭﺍ‬‫ﻨ‬‫ﻴ‬‫ﺒ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﺘ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻓ‬ ٍ‫ﺄ‬‫ﺒ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻨ‬ِ‫ﺒ‬ ‫ﹲ‬‫ﻕ‬‫ﻥ‬‫ِﻴ‬‫ﻤ‬ِ‫ﺩ‬‫ﹶﺎ‬‫ﻨ‬{)‫ﺍﻵﻴﺔ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﺤﺠﺭﺍﺕ‬:٦(‫ﻟﻬﺫﻩ‬ ‫ﻭﻓﻬﻤﻨﺎ‬‫ﻓﻲ‬ ،‫ﻤﻌﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻌﺎﻤل‬ ‫ﺤﺴﻥ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻘﺩﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻴﻤﻜﻨﻨﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﻘﻴﻘﺔ‬‫ﻷﻤ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻤﻌﺎﻟﺠﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻁﺭﺡ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﻏﺎﻤﻀﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻨﻜﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﻓﻼ‬ ،‫ﺇﻟﻴﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺅﺩﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺴﺒﺎﺏ‬ ‫ﺘﺠﻨﺏ‬‫ﻋﻠـﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﻴﺠـﺏ‬ ،‫ﻭﺭﻨـﺎ‬‫ﻋﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺒﺘﻌﺎﺩ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺤﻜﻭﻤﺎﺕ؛‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻓﺭﺍﺩ‬‫ﻭﺘـﺭﻜﻬﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﺘـﺴﺎﺅﻻﺘﻬﻡ‬ ،‫ﺍﻵﺨـﺭﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻓﻀﻭل‬ ‫ﺇﺜﺎﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺸﺄﻨﻪ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﻜل‬‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻔﺴﻴﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺘﺄﻭﻴﻼﺕ‬ ‫ﻀﺤﻴﺔ‬،‫ﻭﺠﻤﺎﻋـﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺃﻓـﺭﺍﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨـﺎﺱ‬ ‫ﺤﺎﺠـﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻗﻀﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﻴﺠﺏ‬ ‫ﻭﻜﺫﻟﻙ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﺨﺎﻁﺌﺔ‬‫ﺍﻟﺭﻏﺒﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺒﻠﻭﻍ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﻤﻌﻬﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺼﺩﻕ‬‫ﻓـﻼ‬ ،‫ﻋﻠﻴﻪ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﻤﺎﻟﻪ‬ ‫ﻓﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﻜل‬ ‫ﻴﺴﺘﺸﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺤﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺭﻗﻲ؛‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻁﻠﻌﺎﺕ‬‫ﻋﻥ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟﺒﻌﺩ‬ ‫ﺫﺍﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﺤﻭل‬ ‫ﻴﺘﻘﻭﻗﻊ‬‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﻤﻭﻉ‬ ‫ﻤﺼﻠﺤﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﻴﺅﺜﺭ‬ ‫ﺤﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﻤﺎﻋﺔ؛‬ ‫ﺭﻭﺡ‬ ‫ﻜﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺇﺫﺍ‬ ‫ﺃﺜﺭﻩ‬‫ﻫﺫﺍ‬ ‫ﻭﻓﻲ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﺫﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻁﻤﻭﺤﺎﺕ‬‫ﻭﺍﻻﻫﺘﻤﺎﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺩﺍﺭﻙ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺴﻤﻭ‬ ‫ﹰ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﺤﻴ‬ ‫ﹰ‬‫ﻼ‬‫ﻤﺜ‬ ‫ﻤﻨﺎ‬ ‫ﻓﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﻜل‬ ‫ﻭﻟﻴﻜﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﻴﺜﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﻗﻤﺔ‬‫ﻭﻟﻠﺠﻤﻊ‬‫ﺍﻟﻌﻤل‬ ‫ﻭﺴﻼﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﻭل‬ ‫ﺼﺩﻕ‬ ‫ﺒﻴﻥ‬.‫ﺒﻌ‬ ‫ﺍﺴﺘﺸﻌﺎﺭﻨﺎ‬ ‫ﻗﻭﺍﻤﻪ‬ ‫ﻤﻠﺢ‬ ‫ﺍﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻲ‬ ‫ﻤﻁﻠﺏ‬ ‫ﻭﻫﺫﺍ‬‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻠﻘﺎﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺅﻭﻟﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻤﻌﻨﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﻭﻋﻲ‬ ‫ﻤﻕ‬‫ﻭﺍﻟﺠﻤﺎﻋﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﺼﻌﻴﺩ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻋﻭﺍﺘﻘﻨﺎ‬.
  • 21. ‫ﺍﻹﺸﺎﻋﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺘﺭﻭﻴﺞ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﻔﺴﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺒﻌﺎﺩ‬‫ﻋﻼﺠﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﺴﺒل‬ ‫ﺍﻹﻋﻼﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﺴﺎﺌل‬ ‫ﻋﺒﺭ‬١٦٥٣‫ـ‬‫ﺇﺴﻼﻤﻲ؟‬ ‫ﻤﻨﻅﻭﺭ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﻋﻼﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﺴﺎﺌل‬ ‫ﻋﺒﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺸﺎﻋﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺘﺭﻭﻴﺞ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺤﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻘﺘﺭﺤﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﻠﻭل‬ ‫ﻤﺎ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤـﺸﺭﻭﻋﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟـﺴﺒل‬ ‫ﻓﻴﺤـﺩﺩ‬ ،‫ﺃﻓﺭﺍﺩﻩ‬ ‫ﻟﺠﻤﻴﻊ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺘﺤﻘﻴﻕ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﹰ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﺩﺍﺌﻤ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺴﻼﻡ‬ ‫ﻴﺴﻌﻰ‬‫ﻭﺍﻹﻴﺠ‬‫ﻤـﻥ‬ ،‫ﻭﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴـﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺸﺨﺼﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺤﻴﺎﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺘﻭﺍﺠﻬﻪ‬ ‫ﻗﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺨﺎﻁﺭ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﻨﺴﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻟﻭﻗﺎﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺎﺒﻴﺔ؛‬‫ﺍﻹﻨﺴﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻁﻤﺄﻨﻴﻨﺔ‬ ‫ﻴﻐﺘﺎل‬ ‫ﻤﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﻭﺘﺭ‬ ‫ﻭﻗﻠﻕ‬ ‫ﺨﻭﻑ‬.‫ﹰ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﺠﻤﻴﻌـ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﻨـﺴﺎﻨﻲ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻌﻤﺭﺍﻥ‬ ،‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻟﻤﻘﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺠﺎﻤﻌﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺴﻼﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﺎﻟﺭﺅﻴﺔ‬:،‫ﺍﻟـﺩﻴﻨﻲ‬‫ﻭﻤﺘﺴﺎﻨﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﻤﺴﺘﻘﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﻜﻌﻭﺍﻤل‬ ،‫ﻭﺍﻹﻨﺴﺎﻨﻲ‬ ،‫ﻭﺍﻟﻤﺎﺩﻱ‬ ،‫ﻭﺍﻟﻔﻜﺭﻱ‬‫ﺍﻟﻌﻤـﺭﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﻀﺭﻭﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻟﺘﺤﻘﻴﻕ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﺘﻔﺎﻋﻠﺔ‬ ،‫ﻟﻺﻨﺴﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻵﻤﻥ‬.‫ﺍﺴـﺘﻨﺒﺎﻁ‬ ‫ﺘـﺴﺘﺩﻋﻲ‬ ،‫ﺍﻹﻨﺴﺎﻨﻲ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻘﻠﻕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺨﻭﻑ‬ ‫ﻤﺼﺎﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﻤﺴﺘﺠﺩﺍﺕ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﺎﺼﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻉ‬ ‫ﻓﻔﻲ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﻴـﺩﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﻫـﺫﺍ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺘﻤﻴﺯﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺴﻼﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﻠﺴﻔﺔ‬ ‫ﺫﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻲ‬ ‫ﻟﻸﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺴﺒل‬)،‫ﻤﺤﻤـﺩ‬ ،‫ﻋﻤـﺎﺭﺓ‬١٩٩٨:٢٥.(‫ﻻﺒﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﻘﺎﻁ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﻩ‬ ‫ﺘﻔﺼﻴل‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺩﺀ‬ ‫ﻭﻗﺒل‬‫ﻭﻫﻭ‬ ‫ﺃﻻ‬ ،‫ﹰ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﺠﺩ‬ ‫ﻫﺎﻡ‬ ٍ‫ﺭ‬‫ﺃﻤ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻨﺒﻴﻪ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬:‫ﺴﺒﺤﺎﻨﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﷲ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺭﻜﻴﺯ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﺃﻨﻔﺴﻬﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺅﻤﻨﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻟﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﺎﻗﻠﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺨﻼل‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺸﺎﻋﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻘﻀﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻼﺝ‬ ‫ﺠﻌل‬ ‫ﻭﺘﻌﺎﻟﻰ‬‫ﻤـﻥ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻜﻔـﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﻤـﻥ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻨﻔﺎﻕ‬ ‫ﺃﻫل‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻴﻜﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﻗﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺸﺎﻋﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﺼﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻷﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺫﻟﻙ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺸﺎﻋﺔ؛‬ ‫ﻤﺼﺩﺭ‬‫ﻓﺈﻥ‬ ،‫ﻤﻌﻬﻡ‬ ‫ﺤﻴﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﻻ‬ ‫ﻭﻫﺅﻻﺀ‬ ،‫ﺍﻷﻋﺩﺍﺀ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﺴﻠﻤﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻹﻀﻌﺎﻑ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺸﺎﻋﺔ‬ ‫ﻨﺸﺭ‬ ‫ﺩﺃﺒﻬﻡ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬.‫ﻤـﻊ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺸﺎﻋﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺘﺭﻭﻴﺞ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺩ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺘﺴﺎﻫﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﻠﻭل‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﺠﻤﻭﻋﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺴﻼﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﻀﻊ‬ ‫ﻓﻘﺩ‬ ‫ﻟﺫﻟﻙ‬‫ﻴﻠﻲ‬ ‫ﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﻠﻭل‬ ‫ﻫﺫﻩ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﻥ‬ ،‫ﻭﺍﻟﻀﻴﺎﻉ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻔﻜﻙ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻤﺠﺘﻤﻊ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻔﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﺼﻴﺎﻨﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻬﺎ؛‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺼﺩﻱ‬ ‫ﻜﻴﻔﻴﺔ‬:‫ﹰ‬‫ﻻ‬‫ﺃﻭ‬-‫ﻭﻨﻘﻠﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺨﺒﺭ‬ ‫ﺘﺼﺩﻴﻕ‬ ‫ﻗﺒل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺜﺒﺕ‬:‫ﺍﻷﺨﺒ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺜﺒﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﺠﻭﺏ‬‫ﺘﻌﺎﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﻗﺎل‬ ‫ﻜﻤﺎ‬ ،‫ﻭﺒﺤﺙ‬ ‫ﻭﻓﻜﺭ‬ ‫ﺭﻭﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﺒﺘﺼﺩﻴﻘﻬﺎ؛‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺒﺎﺩﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻭﻋﺩﻡ‬ ‫ﺎﺭ‬‫ﺤﺎﺩﺜ‬ ‫ﺫﻜﺭ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬‫ﺔ‬‫ﺍﻹﻓﻙ‬:}ِ‫ﻪ‬‫ﱠ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ﺍﻟ‬ ‫ﺩ‬‫ِﻨ‬‫ﻋ‬ ‫ﻙ‬ِ‫ﺌ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﻭ‬ُ‫ﺄ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻓ‬ ‫ﺍﺀ‬‫ﺩ‬‫ﻬ‬‫ﱡ‬‫ﺸ‬‫ِﺎﻟ‬‫ﺒ‬ ‫ﹸﻭﺍ‬‫ﺘ‬ْ‫ﺄ‬‫ﻴ‬ ‫ﻡ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻟ‬ ‫ﹾ‬‫ﺫ‬ِ‫ﺈ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻓ‬ ‫ﺍﺀ‬‫ﺩ‬‫ﻬ‬‫ﹸ‬‫ﺸ‬ ِ‫ﺔ‬‫ﻌ‬‫ﺒ‬‫ﺭ‬َ‫ﺄ‬ِ‫ﺒ‬ ِ‫ﻪ‬‫ﻴ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ﻋ‬ ‫ُﻭﺍ‬‫ﺅ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﺠ‬ ‫ﹶﺎ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﻥ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﺒ‬ِ‫ﺫ‬‫ﹶﺎ‬‫ﻜ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﺍ‬ ‫ﻡ‬‫ﻫ‬{)‫ﺍﻵﻴﺔ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻨﻭﺭ‬:١٣.(‫ﺍﻟﻨﺒﻭﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﹼﺔ‬‫ﻨ‬‫ﺍﻟﺴ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﻭﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﻭﻜﻤﺎ‬‫ﻗﺫﻑ‬ ‫ﺃﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺒﻥ‬ ‫ﻫﻼل‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﻋﻨﻬﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﷲ‬ ‫ﺭﻀﻲ‬ ‫ﻋﺒﺎﺱ‬ ‫ﺍﺒﻥ‬ ‫ﻋﻥ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻤﻁﻬﺭﺓ‬‫ﺍﻟﻨﺒﻲ‬ ‫ﻋﻨﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻤﺭﺃﺘﻪ‬‫ﻭﺴﻠﻡ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻴﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﷲ‬ ‫ﺼﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﺒﻲ‬ ‫ﻓﻘﺎل‬ ‫ﺸﺤﻤﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﺍﺒﻥ‬ ‫ﺒﺸﺭﻴﻙ‬" :‫ﻅﻬﺭﻙ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺩ‬‫ﺤ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﻴﻨﺔ‬")،‫ﺍﻟﺒﺨﺎﺭﻱ‬ ‫ﺼﺤﻴﺢ‬١٩٨٧:‫ﺍﻟﺤﺩﻴﺙ‬ ‫ﺭﻗﻡ‬٢٤٧٥(‫ﺒﻨﻲ‬ ‫ﻋﻥ‬ ‫ﻜﺎﺫﺏ‬ ‫ﺒﺨﺒﺭ‬ ‫ﻘﺒﺔ‬‫ﻋ‬ ‫ﺒﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻭﻟﻴﺩ‬ ‫ﺠﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﻭﻟﻤﺎ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻨﺒﻲ‬ ‫ﻴﻘﺒل‬ ‫ﻟﻡ‬ ‫ﹶﻕ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻁ‬‫ﺼ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ﺍﻟ‬‫ﺼ‬‫ﻭﺴﻠﻡ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻴﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﷲ‬ ‫ﻠﻰ‬،‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﺜﺒﺕ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺘﺤﺭﻱ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻭﻟﻴﺩ‬ ‫ﺒﻥ‬ ‫ﺨﺎﻟﺩ‬ ‫ﺃﺭﺴل‬ ‫ﺒل‬ ،‫ﻜﻼﻤﻪ‬‫ﺘﻌﺎﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﷲ‬ ‫ﻗﺎل‬ ‫ﺫﻟﻙ‬ ‫ﻭﻓﻲ‬:}‫ﹰ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻗ‬ ‫ﻭﺍ‬‫ﺒ‬‫ِﻴ‬‫ﺼ‬‫ﹸ‬‫ﺘ‬ ‫َﻥ‬‫ﺃ‬ ‫ﹸﻭﺍ‬‫ﻨ‬‫ﻴ‬‫ﺒ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﺘ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻓ‬ ٍ‫ﺄ‬‫ﺒ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻨ‬ِ‫ﺒ‬ ‫ﹲ‬‫ﻕ‬ِ‫ﺴ‬‫ﹶﺎ‬‫ﻓ‬ ‫ﻡ‬‫ﹸ‬‫ﻜ‬‫ﺎﺀ‬‫ﺠ‬ ‫ِﻥ‬‫ﺇ‬ ‫ﹸﻭﺍ‬‫ﻨ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ﺁ‬ ‫ﻥ‬‫ِﻴ‬‫ﺫ‬‫ﱠ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﺍ‬ ‫ﺎ‬‫ﻬ‬‫ﻴ‬َ‫ﺃ‬ ‫ﺎ‬‫ﻴ‬‫ﻥ‬‫ِﻴ‬‫ﻤ‬ِ‫ﺩ‬‫ﹶﺎ‬‫ﻨ‬ ‫ﻡ‬‫ﹸ‬‫ﺘ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ﻌ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻓ‬ ‫ﺎ‬‫ﻤ‬ ‫ﹶﻰ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ﻋ‬ ‫ﻭﺍ‬‫ﺤ‬ِ‫ﺒ‬‫ﺼ‬‫ﹸ‬‫ﺘ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻓ‬ ٍ‫ﺔ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﻬ‬‫ﺠ‬ِ‫ﺒ‬{)‫ﺍﻟﺤﺠﺭﺍﺕ،ﺍﻵﻴ‬‫ﺔ‬:٦(‫ﻭﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺼﻁﻠﻕ‬ ‫ﺒﻨﻲ‬ ‫ﻏﺯﻭﺓ‬ ‫ﻭﻓﻲ‬‫ﺘﻌﺎﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﷲ‬ ‫ﻗﺎل‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻤﻨﺎﻓﻘﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺯﻋﻴﻡ‬ ‫ﺴﻠﻭل‬ ‫ﺒﻥ‬ ‫ﺃﺒﻲ‬ ‫ﺒﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﷲ‬ ‫ﻋﺒﺩ‬ ‫ﻟﺴﺎﻥ‬:}‫ﻥ‬‫ﺠ‬ِ‫ﺭ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﺨ‬‫ﻴ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻟ‬ ِ‫ﺔ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻨ‬‫ﺩﻴ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﺍ‬ ‫ﹶﻰ‬‫ﻟ‬ِ‫ﺇ‬ ‫ﹶﺎ‬‫ﻨ‬‫ﻌ‬‫ﺠ‬‫ﺭ‬ ‫ﻥ‬ِ‫ﺌ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻟ‬ّ‫ل‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﺫ‬‫ﺍﻷ‬ ‫ﺎ‬‫ﻬ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻨ‬ِ‫ﻤ‬ ‫ﺯ‬‫ﻋ‬‫ﺍﻷ‬{)‫ﺍﻵﻴﺔ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻤﻨﺎﻓﻘﻭﻥ‬:٨(‫ﻋﻠﻴﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﷲ‬ ‫ﺼﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﷲ‬ ‫ﺭﺴﻭل‬ ‫ﱢ‬‫ل‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﺫ‬‫ﻭﺒﺎﻷ‬ ‫ﻨﻔﺴﻪ‬ ‫ﺯ‬‫ﻋ‬‫ﺒﺎﻷ‬ ‫ﻴﺭﻴﺩ‬ ،
  • 22. ‫ﺩ‬.‫ﺍﻟﻬﻤﺹ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﺘﺎﺡ‬ ‫ﻋﺒﺩ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﺩ‬.‫ﺸ‬ ‫ﻓﺎﻴﺯ‬‫ﻠﺩﺍﻥ‬١٦٦‫ﻓﻨﻘل‬ ،‫ﻭﺴﻠﻡ‬‫ﻭﺠﻬﻪ‬ ‫ﻓﺘﻐﻴﺭ‬ ،‫ﻭﺍﻟﺴﻼﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺼﻼﺓ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻴﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺭﺴﻭل‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻜﻼﻡ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﺍ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻨﺼﺎﺭﻱ‬ ‫ﻗﻡ‬‫ﺭ‬‫ﺃ‬ ‫ﺒﻥ‬ ‫ﺩ‬‫ﺯﻴ‬‫ﻓﻘﺎل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﻘل‬ ‫ِﺤﺔ‬‫ﺼ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻴﺘﺜﺒﺕ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺃﺭﺍﺩ‬" :‫ﹶ‬‫ﺕ‬‫ﻗﻠ‬ ‫ﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﹶ‬‫ﺕ‬‫ﻓﻘﻠ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻴﻪ‬ ‫ﻏﻀﺒﺕ‬ ‫ﱠﻙ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ﻟﻌ‬ ‫ﻏﻼﻡ‬ ‫ﻴﺎ‬"‫ﻓﻘﺎل‬:‫ﻴﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﷲ‬‫ﹸﻪ‬‫ﺘ‬‫ﻌ‬ِ‫ﻤ‬‫ﺴ‬ ‫ﻟﻘﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﷲ‬ ‫ﺭﺴﻭل‬.‫ﻓﻘﺎل‬:‫ﻙ‬‫ﻌ‬‫ﺴﻤ‬ ‫ﺃﺨﻁﺄ‬ ‫ﻟﻌﻠﻪ‬"‫ﺭﻀﻲ‬ ‫ﺃﺭﻗﻡ‬ ‫ﺒﻥ‬ ‫ﺯﻴﺩ‬ ‫ﻋﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺩﻴﺙ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺭﻭﺍﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﻓﻲ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﻗﺎل‬ ‫ﻋﻨﻪ‬ ‫ﷲ‬:‫ﻭﺴﻠﻡ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻴﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﷲ‬ ‫ﺼﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﷲ‬ ‫ﺭﺴﻭل‬ ‫ﻗﺎل‬" :‫ﻤﺜﻠﻪ‬ ‫ﻴﺼﺒﻨﻲ‬ ‫ﻟﻡ‬ ‫ﻡ‬‫ﻫ‬ ‫ﻓﺄﺼﺎﺒﻨﻲ‬ ‫ﱠﺒﻨﻲ‬‫ﺫ‬‫ﻭﻜ‬ ‫ﻗﻬﻡ‬‫ﺩ‬‫ﻓﺼ‬‫ﺍﷲ‬ ‫ﻓﺄﻨﺯل‬ ‫ﺒﻴﺘﻲ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﻓﺠﻠﺴﺕ‬)‫ﻥ‬‫ﹸﻭ‬‫ﻘ‬ِ‫ﻓ‬‫ﹶﺎ‬‫ﻨ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﺍ‬ ‫ﻙ‬‫ﺀ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﺠ‬ ‫ﹶﺍ‬‫ﺫ‬ِ‫ﺇ‬(...‫ﻭﺴﻠﻡ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻴﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﷲ‬ ‫ﺼﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﺒﻲ‬ ‫ﻟﻪ‬ ‫ﻓﻘﺎل‬"‫ﻗﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﷲ‬ ‫ﻥ‬‫ﺇ‬‫ﺯﻴﺩ‬ ‫ﻴﺎ‬ ‫ﺼﺩﻗﻙ‬"‫ﺍﻟﻨﺒﻲ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺠﺭﺍﺀ‬ ‫ﻭﻫﺫﺍ‬‫ﻭﺴﻠﻡ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻴﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﷲ‬ ‫ﺼﻠﻰ‬،‫ﺕ‬‫ﺒ‬‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﺜ‬ ‫ﱠﺤﺭﻱ‬‫ﺘ‬‫ﺍﻟ‬ ‫ﻭﺠﻭﺏ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺩﻟﻴل‬‫ﺍﻟﻌﺩﻭ‬ ‫ﻋﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺸﺎﻋﺔ‬ ‫ﹸﻘﻠﺕ‬‫ﻨ‬ ‫ﻟﻭ‬ ‫ﱠﻰ‬‫ﺘ‬‫ﺤ‬) "،‫ﺍﻟﺒﺨﺎﺭﻱ‬ ‫ﺼﺤﻴﺢ‬١٩٨٧:‫ﺍﻟﺤﺩﻴﺙ‬ ‫ﺭﻗﻡ‬٤٥٢١.(‫ﺍﻟﻨﺒﻲ‬ ‫ﻭﻓﻌل‬ ‫ﻭﺠل‬ ‫ﻋﺯ‬ ِ‫ﷲ‬‫ﺍ‬ ‫ﺭ‬‫ﻓﺄﻤ‬‫ﻭﺴﻠﻡ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻴﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﷲ‬ ‫ﺼﻠﻰ‬‫ﻟﻠﻤﺴﻠﻡ‬ ‫ﻴﺤل‬ ‫ﻓﻼ‬ ،‫ﹰ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﻀﺭﻭﺭﻴ‬ ‫ﺕ‬‫ﺒ‬‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﺜ‬ ‫ﻥ‬‫ﻴ‬‫ﺒﺎﻟﺘﺒ‬‫ﻭﺍ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺨﺒﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﻷﻥ‬ ‫ﺼﺤﺘﻪ؛‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﹰ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﻤﺘﺄﻜﺩ‬ ‫ﻴﻜﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﹰ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﺨﺒﺭ‬ ‫ﹶ‬‫ﺙ‬‫ﻴﺒ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬‫ﻟﻸﻓـﺭﺍﺩ‬ ‫ﺘـﺴﻴﺊ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻜﺎﺫﺒـﺔ‬ ‫ﻷﻗﺎﻭﻴل‬‫ﻤﻨﻬﺎ‬ ،‫ﻭﻭﺴﺎﺌل‬ ‫ﻁﺭﻕ‬ ‫ﻋﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﻟﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﺎﺒﻘﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻵﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﺍﺩ‬ ‫ﻥ‬‫ﻴ‬‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﺒ‬ ‫ﺕ‬‫ﺒ‬‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﺜ‬ ،‫ﻜﻜل‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻤﺠﺘﻤﻊ‬:‫ﺍﻻﺨﺘﺼﺎﺹ‬ ‫ﻷﻫل‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻤﺭ‬ ‫ﺇﺭﺠﺎﻉ‬ ‫ﺃـ‬:‫ﻭﺴـﺎﺌل‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻴﻌﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺸﺎﺌﻌﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺨﺒﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺼﻭﺍﺏ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﻕ‬ ‫ﻟﻤﻌﺭﻓﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺨﺘﺼﺎﺹ؛‬ ‫ِﻬﺔ‬‫ﺠ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺭﺠﻭﻉ‬‫ﻭﻋ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﺸﺭﻉ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻴﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺩﻋﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻲ‬ ‫ﺕ‬‫ﺒ‬‫ﺍﻟﺘﺜ‬‫ﻜﺎﻨﻭﺍ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺫﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻨﺎﻓﻘﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺠل‬ ‫ﻋﺯ‬ ‫ﺤﺫﺭ‬ ‫ﻓﻘﺩ‬ ،‫ﺫﻟﻙ‬ ‫ﺒﻴﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺨﺘﺼﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻠﻰ‬‫ﺍﻟﻨﺒﻲ‬ ‫ﻋﻨﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻴﺘﺤﺩﺙ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﻗﺒل‬ ‫ﻭﻴﺸﻴﻌﻭﻨﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﺭﺍﻴﺎ‬ ‫ﺃﺨﺒﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﻥ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﻴﺘﻠﻘ‬‫ﻭﺴﻠﻡ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻴﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﷲ‬ ‫ﺼﻠﻰ‬‫ِﻬـﺔ‬‫ﺠ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻋﺘﺒـﺎﺭﻩ‬‫ﺘﻌﺎﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﷲ‬ ‫ﻴﻘﻭل‬ ‫ﺤﻴﺙ‬ ،‫ﺍﻻﺨﺘﺼﺎﺹ‬:}‫ﻭ‬‫ﹶـ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﻭ‬ ِ‫ﻪ‬ِ‫ﺒ‬ ‫ﹾ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﻋ‬‫ﹶﺍ‬‫ﺫ‬َ‫ﺃ‬ ِ‫ﻑ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﺨ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﺍ‬ ِ‫ﻭ‬َ‫ﺃ‬ ِ‫ﻥ‬‫ﻤ‬َ‫ﻷ‬‫ﺍ‬ ‫ﻥ‬‫ﻤ‬ ‫ﺭ‬‫ﻤ‬َ‫ﺃ‬ ‫ﻡ‬‫ﻫ‬‫ﺎﺀ‬‫ﺠ‬ ‫ﹶﺍ‬‫ﺫ‬ِ‫ﺇ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﻩ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﺩ‬‫ﺭ‬‫ﻪ‬‫ﹸ‬‫ﺘ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ﺤ‬‫ﺭ‬‫ﻭ‬ ‫ﻡ‬‫ﹸ‬‫ﻜ‬‫ﻴ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ﻋ‬ ِ‫ﻪ‬‫ﹼ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ﺍﻟ‬ ُ‫ل‬‫ﻀ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻓ‬ ‫ﹶ‬‫ﻻ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﻭ‬ ‫ﻡ‬‫ﻬ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻨ‬ِ‫ﻤ‬ ‫ﻪ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻨ‬‫ﹸﻭ‬‫ﻁ‬ِ‫ﺒ‬‫ﹶﻨ‬‫ﺘ‬‫ﺴ‬‫ﻴ‬ ‫ﻥ‬‫ِﻴ‬‫ﺫ‬‫ﱠ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﺍ‬ ‫ﻪ‬‫ﻤ‬ِ‫ﻠ‬‫ﻌ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻟ‬ ‫ﻡ‬‫ﻬ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻨ‬ِ‫ﻤ‬ ِ‫ﺭ‬‫ﻤ‬َ‫ﻷ‬‫ﺍ‬ ‫ِﻲ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﻭ‬ُ‫ﺃ‬ ‫ﹶﻰ‬‫ﻟ‬ِ‫ﺇ‬‫ﻭ‬ ِ‫ل‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﺴ‬‫ﺭ‬‫ﺍﻟ‬ ‫ﹶﻰ‬‫ﻟ‬ِ‫ﺇ‬‫ﹰ‬‫ﻼ‬‫ِﻴ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻗ‬ ‫ﱠ‬‫ﻻ‬ِ‫ﺇ‬ ‫ﻥ‬‫ﹶﺎ‬‫ﻁ‬‫ﻴ‬‫ﱠ‬‫ﺸ‬‫ﺍﻟ‬ ‫ﻡ‬‫ﹸ‬‫ﺘ‬‫ﻌ‬‫ﺒ‬‫ﱠ‬‫ﺘ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻻ‬{)‫ﺍﻵﻴﺔ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻨﺴﺎﺀ‬:٨٣.(‫ﻭﺫﻜﺭ‬)،‫ﺍﻟﺴﻌﺩﻱ‬١٩٩٥:٣٤٨" (‫ﺘﺄﺩﻴﺏ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﺍ‬‫ﻴﻨﺒﻐﻲ‬ ‫ﻭﺃﻨﻪ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻼﺌﻕ‬ ‫ﻏﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﻓﻌﻠﻬﻡ‬ ‫ﻋﻥ‬ ‫ﻟﻌﺒﺎﺩﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﷲ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬‫ﺍﻟﺨـﻭﻑ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺅﻤﻨﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺒﺴﺭﻭﺭ‬ ‫ﻴﺘﻌﻠﻕ‬ ‫ﻓﻴﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻤﺔ؛‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻤﺼﺎﻟﺢ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻬﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻤﻭﺭ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺃﻤﺭ‬ ‫ﺠﺎﺀﻫﻡ‬ ‫ﺇﺫﺍ‬ ‫ﻟﻬﻡ‬‫ﻭﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺭﺴﻭل‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﻴﺭﺩﻭﻨﻪ‬ ‫ﺒل‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﺨﺒﺭ‬ ‫ﺫﻟﻙ‬ ‫ﺒﺈﺸﺎﻋﺔ‬ ‫ﻴﺴﺘﻌﺠﻠﻭﺍ‬ ‫ﻭﻻ‬ ‫ﻴﺘﺜﺒﺘﻭﺍ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻴﻬﻡ؛‬ ‫ﻤﺼﻴﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﻴﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺫﻱ‬‫ﺃﻫل‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﻨﻬﻡ؛‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻤﺭ‬ ‫ﺃﻭﻟﻲ‬:‫ﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺭﺃﻱ‬‫ﻭﻀﺩﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺼﺎﻟﺢ‬ ‫ﻴﻌﺭﻓﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺫﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺭﺯﺍﻨﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻌﻘل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻡ‬.‫ﻓـﺈﻥ‬‫ﺫﻟﻙ‬ ‫ﻓﻌﻠﻭﺍ‬ ‫ﺃﻋﺩﺍﺌﻬﻡ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﺤﺭﺯﺍ‬ ‫ﻟﻬﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﺴﺭﻭﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻤﺅﻤﻨﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﻨﺸﺎﻁﺎ‬ ‫ﻤﺼﻠﺤﺔ‬ ‫ﺇﺫﺍﻋﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺭﺃﻭﺍ‬.‫ﺭﺃﻭﺍ‬ ‫ﻭﺇﻥ‬‫ﻴﺫﻴﻌﻭﻩ‬ ‫ﻟﻡ‬ ‫ﻤﺼﻠﺤﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺘﺯﻴﺩ‬ ‫ﻤﻀﺭﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﻭﻟﻜﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﺼﻠﺤﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﻴﻪ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﻤﺼﻠﺤﺔ؛‬ ‫ﻓﻴﻪ‬ ‫ﻟﻴﺱ‬.‫ﻗـﺎل‬ ‫ﻭﻟﻬـﺫﺍ‬:}..‫ﹶ‬‫ﻨ‬‫ﹸﻭ‬‫ﻁ‬ِ‫ﺒ‬‫ﹶﻨ‬‫ﺘ‬‫ﺴ‬‫ﻴ‬ ‫ﻥ‬‫ِﻴ‬‫ﺫ‬‫ﱠ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﺍ‬ ‫ﻪ‬‫ﻤ‬ِ‫ﻠ‬‫ﻌ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﻡ‬‫ﻬ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻨ‬ِ‫ﻤ‬ ‫ﻪ‬...{)‫ﺍﻵﻴﺔ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻨﺴﺎﺀ‬:٨٣(،‫ﺍﻟﺴﺩﻴﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﻭﺁﺭﺍﺌﻬﻡ‬ ‫ﺒﻔﻜﺭﻫﻡ‬ ‫ﻴﺴﺘﺨﺭﺠﻭﻨﻪ‬ ‫ﺃﻱ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﺭﺸﻴﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﻭﻋﻠﻭﻤﻬﻡ‬."‫ﺍﻻﺨﺘﺼﺎﺹ‬ ‫ﺃﻫل‬ ‫ﺒﺴﺅﺍل‬ ‫ﺸﺭﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﺘﻼﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟﻤﻜﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻜﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺇﺸﺎﻋﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻓﻜﻡ‬.‫ﺏ‬-‫ﺍﻹﺸﺎﻋﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﺤﺘﻭﻯ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻔﻜﺭ‬:‫ﻜـﺫﺏ‬ ‫ﻁﻴﺎﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﻴﺤﻤل‬ ‫ﻗﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺫﻱ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺸﺎﻋﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﻀﻤﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﻴﻔﻜﺭ‬ ‫ﻻ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺴﻠﻤﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﹰ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﻜﺜﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺇﻥ‬‫ﺘﻠـﻙ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﺴﻠﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﻜﺄﻨﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻟﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﻴﻨﻘﺎﺩ‬ ‫ﻟﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻴﺴﺘﺴﻠﻡ‬ ‫ﺘﺭﺍﻩ‬ ‫ﺒل‬ ،‫ﺍﻹﺸﺎﻋﺔ‬.
  • 23. ‫ﺍﻹﺸﺎﻋﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺘﺭﻭﻴﺞ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﻔﺴﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺒﻌﺎﺩ‬‫ﻋﻼﺠﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﺴﺒل‬ ‫ﺍﻹﻋﻼﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﺴﺎﺌل‬ ‫ﻋﺒﺭ‬١٦٧‫ﺃﺒـﺩﺍ‬ ‫ﺇﺸـﺎﻋﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻨﺘـﺸﺭﺕ‬ ‫ﻟﻤـﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺸـﺎﻋﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺘﻠـﻙ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻔﻜﺭ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺤﻅﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﻟﻭ‬ ‫ﺃﻨﻔﺴﻨﺎ‬ ‫ﺃﻋﻁﻴﻨﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﻟﻭ‬.‫ﺴﺒﺤﺎﻨﻪ‬ ‫ﻓﻘﺎل‬ ‫ﺍﻹﻓﻙ‬ ‫ﺤﺎﺩﺜﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺘﻜﻠﻤﻭﺍ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺫﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺅﻤﻨﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺤﺎل‬ ‫ﻭﺠل‬ ‫ﻋﺯ‬ ‫ﺍﷲ‬ ‫ﺒﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻟﻘﺩ‬:}‫ﺇ‬‫ﻡ‬‫ﹸ‬‫ﻜ‬ِ‫ﺘ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻨ‬ِ‫ﺴ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻟ‬َ‫ﺄ‬ِ‫ﺒ‬ ‫ﻪ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻨ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﱠ‬‫ﻘ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﺘ‬ ‫ﹾ‬‫ﺫ‬ِ‫ﹶ‬‫ﺘ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ِﻴﻡ‬‫ﻅ‬‫ﻋ‬ ِ‫ﻪ‬‫ﱠ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ﺍﻟ‬ ‫ﺩ‬‫ِﻨ‬‫ﻋ‬ ‫ﻭ‬‫ﻫ‬‫ﻭ‬ ‫ﹰ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﻨ‬‫ﻴ‬‫ﻫ‬ ‫ﻪ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻨ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﺒ‬‫ﺴ‬‫ﺤ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﺘ‬‫ﻭ‬ ‫ﻡ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻠ‬ِ‫ﻋ‬ ِ‫ﻪ‬ِ‫ﺒ‬ ‫ﹸﻡ‬‫ﻜ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻟ‬ ‫ﺱ‬‫ﻴ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻟ‬ ‫ﺎ‬‫ﻤ‬ ‫ﹸﻡ‬‫ﻜ‬ِ‫ﻫ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻓ‬َ‫ﺄ‬ِ‫ﺒ‬ ‫ﻥ‬‫ﹸﻭ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﹸﻭ‬‫ﻘ‬ٌ{)‫ﺍﻵﻴﺔ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻨﻭﺭ‬:١٥(‫ﻟـﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟـﺼﺤﺎﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﻔﺭ‬ ‫ﺃﻭﻟﺌﻙ‬ ‫ﻭﻟﻜﻥ‬ ،‫ﺒﻠﺴﺎﻨﻪ‬ ‫ﻻ‬ ‫ﺒﺴﻤﻌﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺨﺒﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﻴﺘﻠﻘﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﻨﺴﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺩﻴﻬﻲ‬ ‫ﻓﻤﻥ‬‫ﻋ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺨﺒﺭ‬ ‫ﺫﻟﻙ‬ ‫ﻴﻤﺭﺭﻭﺍ‬ ‫ﻭﻟﻡ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﺘﻔﻜﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﻴﺴﺘﻌﻤﻠﻭﺍ‬‫ﻴﺘﻠﻘـﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﺃﻨﻬﻡ‬ ‫ﻋﻨﻬﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﷲ‬ ‫ﻗﺎل‬ ‫ﺒل‬ ،‫ﻓﻴﻪ‬ ‫ﻟﻴﺘﺩﺒﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﻘﻭﻟﻬﻡ‬‫ﻓﻴﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻔﻜﺭ‬ ‫ﻭﻋﺩﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺨﺒﺭ‬ ‫ﻨﻘل‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺴﺭﻋﺘﻬﻡ‬ ‫ﺸﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺒﺄﻓﻭﺍﻫﻬﻡ‬ ‫ﺒﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻴﺘﻜﻠﻤﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﺜﻡ‬ ‫ﺒﺄﻟﺴﻨﺘﻬﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﻓﻙ‬ ‫ﺤﺎﺩﺜﺔ‬.،‫ﻴﻌﻴﺒﻪ‬ ‫ﺸﻲﺀ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺨﻠﻕ‬ ‫ﺃﻁﻬﺭ‬ ‫ﻓﺭﺍﺵ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﻴﻜﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺤﺎل‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺃﻨﻪ‬ ‫ﻟﻭﺠﺩﻭﺍ‬ ‫ﻗﻠﻴﻼ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺼﺤﺎﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﺘﻔﻜﺭ‬ ‫ﻭﻟﻭ‬‫ﺍ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺸﺭﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﻓﻀل‬ ‫ﺯﻭﺠﺔ‬ ‫ﺘﺘﻬﻡ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﻴﻤﻜﻥ‬ ‫ﻜﻴﻑ‬‫ﹰ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﺃﺒﺩ‬ ‫ﻴﻌﻘل‬ ‫ﻻ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﺍ‬ ‫ﺇﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﺎﺤﺸﺔ؟‬ ‫ﺒﺘﻬﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﷲ‬ ‫ﺍﺼﻁﻔﺎﻩ‬ ‫ﻟﺫﻱ‬.‫ﺃﺒ‬ ‫ﻭﻗﺼﺔ‬‫ﻭﺯﻭﺠ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻨﺼﺎﺭﻱ‬ ‫ﺃﻴﻭﺏ‬ ‫ﻲ‬‫ﻤـﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻨـﺎﻓﻘﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﺃﺸﺎﻋﻪ‬ ‫ﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﺴﻤﻌﺎ‬ ‫ﻟﻤﺎ‬ ،‫ﻋﻨﻬﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﷲ‬ ‫ﺭﻀﻲ‬ ‫ﻪ‬‫ﻟﻪ‬ ‫ﻓﻘﺎﻟﺕ‬ ،‫ﻋﻨﻬﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﷲ‬ ‫ﺭﻀﻲ‬ ‫ﺯﻭﺠﻪ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺃﻴﻭﺏ‬ ‫ﺃﺒﻭ‬ ‫ﺩﺨل‬ ،‫ﺍﻹﻓﻙ‬ ‫ﺤﺎﺩﺜﺔ‬:‫ﻗﻴـل‬ ‫ﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﺴﻤﻌﺕ‬ ‫ﺃﻴﻭﺏ‬ ‫ﺃﺒﺎ‬ ‫ﻴﺎ‬‫ﻓﻘﺎل‬ ‫ﻋﺎﺌﺸﺔ؟‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬:‫ﺃﻨ‬ ‫ﺃﻜﻨﺕ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻜﺫﺏ‬ ‫ﻭﺫﻟﻙ‬ ،‫ﻨﻌﻡ‬‫ﻗﺎ‬ ‫ﺫﻟـﻙ؟‬ ‫ﺘﻔﻌﻠﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺃﻴﻭﺏ‬ ‫ﺃﻡ‬ ‫ﻴﺎ‬ ِ‫ﺕ‬‫ﻟـﺕ‬:‫ﻭﺍﷲ‬ ‫ﻻ‬.‫ﻗـﺎل‬‫ﺃ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﷲ‬ ‫ﻓﻌﺎﺌﺸﺔ‬‫ﺃﻴﻭﺏ‬ ‫ﺃﻡ‬ ‫ﻗﺎﻟﺕ‬ ،‫ﻤﻨﻙ‬ ‫ﻓﻀل‬:‫ﻨﻌﻡ‬.‫ﺍﻟﺭﺴﻭل‬ ‫ﺍﺴﺘﻌﻤﻠﻪ‬ ‫ﺇﺠﺭﺍﺀ‬ ‫ﻤﺼﺩﺭﻩ؛‬ ‫ﻤﻊ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺨﺒﺭ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﻔﻨﻴﺩ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﺜﺒﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺤﺭﻱ‬ ‫ﺇﻥ‬-‫ﻭﺴﻠﻡ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻴﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﷲ‬ ‫ﺼﻠﻰ‬-‫ﻨﺘ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻴﻨﺎ‬ ‫ﺇﺫ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻋﺩﺍﺀ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺤﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺼﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻭﺇﻥ‬ ‫ﻋﻼﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺨﺒﺭ‬ ‫ﻗﺒﻭل‬ ‫ﻋﺩﻡ‬ ‫ﺃﻫﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﻟﻴﺭﺸﺩﻨﺎ‬‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺕ‬‫ﺒ‬‫ﺜ‬‫ﺇﺸﺎﻋﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﺘﺼﺩﻴﻘﻪ‬ ‫ﻗﺒل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺨﺒﺭ‬.‫ﹰ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﺜﺎﻨﻴ‬-‫ﺍﻟﻔﺎﺴﻘﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻟﻺﺸﺎﻋﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﺎﻗل‬:‫ﺤﻴـﺙ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻭﺼـﺎﻑ؛‬ ‫ﺒﺄﻗﺒﺢ‬ ‫ﺠﻬﺎ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﻭﻤﺭ‬ ،‫ﻭﻤﺒﺘﺩﺌﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺸﺎﻋﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﺒﺘﺩﻉ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﻌﺎﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺴﺒﺤﺎﻨﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﷲ‬ ‫ﻭﺼﻑ‬ ‫ﻓﻘﺩ‬‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟﻔﺴﻕ‬ ‫ﻭﺼﻔﻬﻡ‬‫ﺘﻌﺎﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﻗﻭﻟﻪ‬:}‫ﹸـﻭﺍ‬‫ﻨ‬‫ﻴ‬‫ﺒ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﺘ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻓ‬ ٍ‫ﺄ‬‫ﺒ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻨ‬ِ‫ﺒ‬ ‫ﹲ‬‫ﻕ‬ِ‫ﺴ‬‫ﹶﺎ‬‫ﻓ‬ ‫ﻡ‬‫ﹸ‬‫ﻜ‬‫ﺎﺀ‬‫ﺠ‬ ‫ِﻥ‬‫ﺇ‬ ‫ﹸﻭﺍ‬‫ﻨ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ﺁ‬ ‫ﻥ‬‫ِﻴ‬‫ﺫ‬‫ﱠ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﺍ‬ ‫ﺎ‬‫ﻬ‬‫ﻴ‬َ‫ﺃ‬ ‫ﺎ‬‫ﻴ‬‫ﻭﺍ‬‫ﺒ‬‫ِﻴ‬‫ﺼ‬‫ﹸـ‬‫ﺘ‬ ‫َﻥ‬‫ﺃ‬‫ﻤﺎ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻗ‬...{)‫ﺍﻵﻴﺔ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﺤﺠﺭﺍﺕ‬:٦(‫ﺍﻟﻔﺎﺴﻘﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺘﺜﺒﺕ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺨﺒﺭ‬ ‫ﻨﻘل‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﷲ‬ ‫ﻓﺠﻌل‬ ،.‫ﻭﺼـﻔﻬﻡ‬ ‫ﻜﻤﺎ‬‫ﺍﻟﻨﺒﻲ‬‫ﻭﺴﻠﻡ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻴﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﷲ‬ ‫ﺼﻠﻰ‬‫ﺍﷲ‬ ‫ﺭﺴﻭل‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ، ‫ﻋﻨﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﷲ‬ ‫ﺭﻀﻲ‬ ‫ﻫﺭﻴﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺃﺒﻲ‬ ‫ﻓﻌﻥ‬ ،‫ﺒﺎﻟﻨﻔﺎﻕ‬‫ﻋﻠﻴﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﷲ‬ ‫ﺼﻠﻰ‬‫ﻭﺴﻠﻡ‬‫ﻗﺎل‬:"‫ﺜﻼﺙ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻨﺎﻓﻕ‬ ‫ﺁﻴﺔ‬:،‫ﺃﺨﻠﻑ‬ ‫ﻭﻋﺩ‬ ‫ﻭﺇﺫﺍ‬ ،‫ﻜﺫﺏ‬ ‫ﺤﺩﺙ‬ ‫ﺇﺫﺍ‬‫ﺨـﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﺅﺘﻤـﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺇﺫﺍ‬")‫ﺼـﺤﻴﺢ‬،‫ﺍﻟﺒﺨﺎﺭﻱ‬١٩٨٧:‫ﺍﻟﺤﺩﻴﺙ‬ ‫ﺭﻗﻡ‬٢٥٤٤.(‫ﻜﻠﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻟﻴﺱ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺨﺒﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﻩ‬ ‫ﻷﻥ‬ ‫ﺫﻟﻙ‬ ‫ﻭ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻔﺴﻕ؛‬ ‫ﻤﻭﺠﺏ‬ ‫ﺼﺤﺘﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺄﻜﺩ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺨﺒﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﻨﻘل‬ ‫ﻓﻤﺠﺭﺩ‬‫ﺼﺤﻴﺤ‬‫ﹰ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﻟﺫﺍ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻜﺫﺏ‬ ‫ﻨﻘل‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺨل‬ ‫ﻭﺃﺸﺎﻋﻪ؛‬ ‫ﺨﺒﺭ‬ ‫ﻜل‬ ‫ﻨﻘل‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻓﻜﺎﻥ‬ ،‫ﻭﺍﻟﻜﺎﺫﺏ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺼﺤﻴﺢ‬ ‫ﻓﻴﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺒل‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻔﺎﺴﻘﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﷲ‬ ‫ﺠﻌﻠﻪ‬.‫ﺒﺫﻟﻙ‬ ‫ﺼﺭﺡ‬ ‫ﻭﻗﺩ‬‫ﺍﻟﻨﺒﻲ‬-‫ﻭﺴﻠﻡ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻴﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﷲ‬ ‫ﺼﻠﻰ‬-‫ﺒﻘﻭﻟﻪ‬:"‫ﻜﺫﺒﺎ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟﻤﺭﺀ‬ ‫ﻜﻔﻰ‬‫ﺴﻤﻊ‬ ‫ﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﺒﻜل‬ ‫ﻴﺤﺩﺙ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬")،‫ﻤﺴﻠﻡ‬ ‫ﺼﺤﻴﺢ‬١٩٥٥:‫ﺍﻟﺤﺩﻴﺙ‬ ‫ﺭﻗﻡ‬٦.(‫ﺍﻟﻔﺎﺴﻘﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﷲ‬ ‫ﻋﻨﺩ‬ ‫ﻴﻜﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺫﺭ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻟﻪ‬ ‫ﻻﺒﺩ‬ ‫ﻓﺎﻟﻤﺅﻤﻥ‬)‫ﺍﻟﻜﺎﺫﺒﻴﻥ‬(‫ﻜﺒﻴـﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺒﺫﻟﻙ‬ ‫ﻭﻫﻲ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﺫﻨﻭﺏ‬ ‫ﻜﺒﺎﺌﺭ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻋﻅﻴﻤﺔ‬.
  • 24. ‫ﺩ‬.‫ﺍﻟﻬﻤﺹ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﺘﺎﺡ‬ ‫ﻋﺒﺩ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﺩ‬.‫ﺸ‬ ‫ﻓﺎﻴﺯ‬‫ﻠﺩﺍﻥ‬١٦٨‫ﻴﻘﺎل‬ ‫ﻴﺴﻤﻊ‬ ‫ﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﻜل‬ ‫ﻟﻴﺱ‬ ‫ﺃﻨﻪ‬ ‫ﻴﻌﻠﻡ‬ ‫ﻓﺎﻟﻌﺎﻗل‬.‫ﻭﻻ‬‫ﻭﺍﻟﻨـﺸﺭ‬ ‫ﻟﻺﺸـﺎﻋﺔ‬ ‫ﻴـﺼﻠﺢ‬ ‫ﻴﻌﻠـﻡ‬ ‫ﻤـﺎ‬ ‫ﻜـل‬.‫ﺍﻟﺴﻌﺩﻱ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺸﻴﺦ‬ ‫ﻜﻼﻡ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺭ‬‫ﻤ‬ ‫ﻜﻤﺎ‬ ،‫ﺃﺒﺩﺍ‬ ‫ﻨﺸﺭﻩ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﻤﺼﻠﺤﺔ‬ ‫ﻻ‬ ‫ﻭﻟﻜﻥ‬ ‫ﹰ؛‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﺼﺤﻴﺤ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺨﺒﺭ‬ ‫ﻴﻜﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﻗﺩ‬ ‫ﺒل‬.‫ﹰ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﺜﺎﻟﺜ‬-‫ﺍﻹﺸﺎﻋﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﻭﺍﻗﺏ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻔﻜﺭ‬:‫ﺘﻌﺎﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﷲ‬ ‫ﻴﻘﻭل‬ ،‫ﹰ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﺁﻨﻔ‬ ‫ﺫﻜﺭﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻲ‬ ‫ﻟﻶﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﺨﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﻤﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻭﻋﻭﺩﺓ‬:}‫ﻡ‬‫ﹸ‬‫ﻜ‬‫ـﺎﺀ‬‫ﺠ‬ ‫ِﻥ‬‫ﺇ‬ ‫ﹸـﻭﺍ‬‫ﻨ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ﺁ‬ ‫ﻥ‬‫ِﻴ‬‫ﺫ‬‫ﱠ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﺍ‬ ‫ﺎ‬‫ﻬ‬‫ﻴ‬َ‫ﺃ‬ ‫ﺎ‬‫ﻴ‬‫ﹶﺎ‬‫ﻓ‬‫ﻥ‬‫ِﻴ‬‫ﻤ‬ِ‫ﺩ‬‫ﹶﺎ‬‫ﻨ‬ ‫ﻡ‬‫ﹸ‬‫ﺘ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ﻌ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻓ‬ ‫ﺎ‬‫ﻤ‬ ‫ﹶﻰ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ﻋ‬ ‫ﻭﺍ‬‫ﺤ‬ِ‫ﺒ‬‫ﺼ‬‫ﹸ‬‫ﺘ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻓ‬ ٍ‫ﺔ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﻬ‬‫ﺠ‬ِ‫ﺒ‬ ‫ﹰ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻗ‬ ‫ﻭﺍ‬‫ﺒ‬‫ِﻴ‬‫ﺼ‬‫ﹸ‬‫ﺘ‬ ‫َﻥ‬‫ﺃ‬ ‫ﹸﻭﺍ‬‫ﻨ‬‫ﻴ‬‫ﺒ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﺘ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻓ‬ ٍ‫ﺄ‬‫ﺒ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻨ‬ِ‫ﺒ‬ ‫ﹲ‬‫ﻕ‬ِ‫ﺴ‬{)‫ﺍﻵﻴﺔ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﺤﺠﺭﺍﺕ‬:٦(‫ﻋﻭﺍﻗﺒﻬﺎ؟‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺘﺩﺒﺭﺕ‬ ‫ﻫﻼ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺸﺎﻋﺔ؟‬ ‫ﻨﺘﺎﺌﺞ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺘﻔﻜﺭﺕ‬ ‫ﻫﻼ‬.‫ﺇ‬ ‫ﺒﺴﺒﺏ‬ ‫ﺃﻫﺩﺭﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻤﻭﺍل‬ ‫ﻭﻜل‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻤﺴﻠﻡ‬ ‫ﺃﺨﺎﻙ‬ ‫ﺃﺼﺎﺏ‬ ‫ﻭﻏﻡ‬ ‫ﻫﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﻜل‬ ،‫ﺨﺴﺎﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻓﻜل‬‫ﺸﺎﻋﺘﻙ‬‫ﻓـﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻜﺭﻴﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻵﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﻜﺩﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﻫﺫﺍ‬ ،‫ﻓﻴﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺜﻡ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻨﺼﻴﺏ‬ ‫ﻓﻠﻙ‬ ‫ﻨﺸﺭﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺴﺎﻋﺩﺕ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ،‫ﻨﺸﺭﺘﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻲ‬‫ﺘﻌﺎﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﻗﻭﻟﻪ‬:}‫ﻥ‬‫ِﻴ‬‫ﻤ‬ِ‫ﺩ‬‫ﹶﺎ‬‫ﻨ‬ ‫ﻡ‬‫ﹸ‬‫ﺘ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ﻌ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻓ‬ ‫ﺎ‬‫ﻤ‬ ‫ﹶﻰ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ﻋ‬ ‫ﻭﺍ‬‫ﺤ‬ِ‫ﺒ‬‫ﺼ‬‫ﹸ‬‫ﺘ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻓ‬{،‫ﺍﻟﺨﺒـﺭ‬ ‫ﺼـﺤﺔ‬ ‫ﻤـﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﺜﺒﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺤﻘﻕ‬ ‫ﻋﺩﻡ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬‫ﺒﻴ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻔﺴﺎﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﺘﻨﺔ‬ ‫ﺇﺸﺎﻋﺔ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺴﻴﺅﺩﻱ‬ ‫ﺫﻟﻙ‬ ‫ﻷﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺠﻭﻫﺭﻩ؛‬ ‫ﺤﻘﻴﻘﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻔﻜﺭ‬‫ﻓـﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﺘﻤـﻊ‬ ‫ﺃﻓﺭﺍﺩ‬ ‫ﻥ‬‫ﺍﻟﺴﻴﺌﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺨﺒﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﺒﺈﺸﺎﻋﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻨﺎﺱ‬ ‫ﺃﺴﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﻟﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺫﻨﻭﺏ؛‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﻴﺌﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻓﺘﺭﺍﻜﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻵﺨﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺃﻤﺎ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﺩﻨﻴﺎ‬.‫ﹰ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﺭﺍﺒﻌ‬-‫ﺒﻪ‬ ‫ﻟﻺﻨﺴﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻡ‬ ‫ﻻ‬ ‫ﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﺘﺒﺎﻉ‬ ‫ﻋﺩﻡ‬:‫ﻻ‬ ‫ﻓﻴﻤـﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺩﺨل‬ ‫ﻋﺩﻡ‬ ‫ﻫﻭ‬ ‫ﻟﻶﺨﺭﻴﻥ؛‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺴﺎﺀﺓ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻭﻗﻭﻉ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﻨﺴﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺘﺤﺼﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻤﻭﺭ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬‫ﻻ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺫﻱ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻤﺭ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺘﺩﺨﻠﻪ‬ ‫ﻷﻥ‬ ،‫ﻴﻌﻠﻡ‬‫ﻋـﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﺴﺌﻭل‬ ‫ﻓﻬﻭ‬ ‫ﻭﺒﺎﻟﺘﺎﻟﻲ‬ ،‫ﻭﻤﺼﺎﻟﺤﻬﻡ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻵﺨﺭﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻴﻀﺭ‬ ‫ﻴﻌﻠﻤﻪ؛‬‫ﻗﻭﻟﻪ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﻋﺯﻭﺠل‬ ‫ﺃﻜﺩﻩ‬ ‫ﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﻫﺫﺍ‬ ،‫ﺴﻠﺒﻴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺫﻟﻙ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻴﺘﺭﺘﺏ‬ ‫ﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﻜل‬:}ِ‫ﻪ‬‫ِـ‬‫ﺒ‬ ‫ﻙ‬‫ﹶـ‬‫ﻟ‬ ‫ﺱ‬‫ﻴ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻟ‬ ‫ﺎ‬‫ﻤ‬ ‫ﹸ‬‫ﻑ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻘ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﺘ‬ ‫ﹶ‬‫ﻻ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﹰ‬‫ﻻ‬‫ُﻭ‬‫ﺅ‬‫ﺴ‬‫ﻤ‬ ‫ﻪ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻨ‬‫ﻋ‬ ‫ﻥ‬‫ﹶﺎ‬‫ﻜ‬ ‫ﻙ‬ِ‫ﺌ‬‫ُﻭﻟـ‬‫ﺃ‬ ‫ﱡ‬‫ل‬‫ﹸ‬‫ﻜ‬ ‫ﺩ‬‫َﺍ‬‫ﺅ‬‫ﹸ‬‫ﻔ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﻭ‬ ‫ﺭ‬‫ﺼ‬‫ﺒ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﻭ‬ ‫ﻊ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ﺴ‬‫ﺍﻟ‬ ‫ﻥ‬ِ‫ﺇ‬ ‫ﻡ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻠ‬ِ‫ﻋ‬{)‫ﺍﻹﺴﺭﺍﺀ‬:‫ﺍﻵﻴﺔ‬:٣٦(.‫ﹰ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﺨﺎﻤﺴ‬-‫ﺍﻟﻜﺎﻓﺭﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺴﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻓﻬﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻅﻥ‬ ‫ﱢﺒﺎﻉ‬‫ﺘ‬‫ﺍ‬ ‫ﻋﺩﻡ‬:‫ﺘﻌﺎﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﻗﻭﻟﻪ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﻜﻤﺎ‬ ،‫ﻟﻠﻅﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﺘﺒﺎﻉ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺸﺎﻋﺔ‬ ‫ﺘﺼﺩﻴﻕ‬ ‫ﺇﻥ‬:}‫ﱠـﺎ‬‫ﻟ‬ِ‫ﺇ‬ ‫ﻥ‬‫ـﻭ‬‫ﻌ‬ِ‫ﺒ‬‫ﱠ‬‫ﺘ‬‫ﻴ‬ ‫ِﻥ‬‫ﺇ‬ ٍ‫ﻡ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻠ‬ِ‫ﻋ‬ ‫ﻥ‬ِ‫ﻤ‬ ِ‫ﻪ‬ِ‫ﺒ‬ ‫ﻡ‬‫ﻬ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻟ‬ ‫ﺎ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﹰ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﺌ‬‫ﻴ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﺸ‬ ‫ﱢ‬‫ﻕ‬‫ﺤ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﺍ‬ ‫ﻥ‬ِ‫ﻤ‬ ‫ِﻲ‬‫ﻨ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻐ‬‫ﻴ‬ ‫ﹶﺎ‬‫ﻟ‬ ‫ﻥ‬‫ﱠ‬‫ﻅ‬‫ﺍﻟ‬ ‫ﻥ‬ِ‫ﺇ‬‫ﻭ‬ ‫ﻥ‬‫ﱠ‬‫ﻅ‬‫ﺍﻟ‬{)‫ﺍﻵﻴﺔ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻨﺠﻡ‬:٢٨(‫ﺒ‬ ‫ﺴﻴﺊ‬ ‫ﻅﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺸﺎﻋﺔ‬ ‫ﺘﺼﺩﻴﻕ‬ ‫ﻭﻓﻲ‬ ،‫ﻤﻥ‬‫ﺘﻌﺎﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﻗﺎل‬ ‫ﻋﻨﻪ‬ ‫ﻤﻨﻬﻲ‬ ‫ﻭﻫﻭ‬ ‫ﺒﻪ‬ ‫ﺃﻟﺼﻘﺕ‬:}‫ﺽ‬‫ـ‬‫ﻌ‬‫ﺒ‬ ‫ﻥ‬ِ‫ﺇ‬ ‫ﻥ‬‫ﱠـ‬‫ﻅ‬‫ﺍﻟ‬ ‫ﻥ‬‫ﻤ‬ ‫ﹰ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ِﻴﺭ‬‫ﺜ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻜ‬ ‫ﻭﺍ‬‫ﺒ‬ِ‫ﻨ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﺘ‬‫ﺠ‬‫ﺍ‬ ‫ﹸﻭﺍ‬‫ﻨ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ﺁ‬ ‫ﻥ‬‫ِﻴ‬‫ﺫ‬‫ﱠ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﺍ‬ ‫ﺎ‬‫ﻬ‬‫ﻴ‬َ‫ﺃ‬ ‫ﺎ‬‫ﻴ‬‫ﻡ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﺜ‬ِ‫ﺇ‬ ‫ﻥ‬‫ﱠ‬‫ﻅ‬‫ﺍﻟ‬{)‫ﺍﻵﻴﺔ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﺤﺠﺭﺍﺕ‬:١٢(‫ﺤﺎﺩﺜ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﻭﻗﺎل‬ ،‫ﺔ‬‫ﺒـﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﷲ‬ ‫ﻋﺒﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻨﺎﻓﻘﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺯﻋﻴﻡ‬ ‫ﺠﻪ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺫﻱ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﻓﻙ‬‫ـ‬ ‫ﻋﺎﺌﺸﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺅﻤﻨﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺃﻡ‬ ‫ﻀﺩ‬ ‫ﻤﻌﻪ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺴﻠﻭل‬ ‫ﺒﻥ‬ ‫ﺃﺒﻲ‬‫ﻋﻨﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﷲ‬ ‫ﺭﻀﻲ‬:}‫ﻥ‬‫ﹶـ‬‫ﻅ‬ ‫ﻭﻩ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ﹸ‬‫ﺘ‬‫ﻌ‬ِ‫ﻤ‬‫ـ‬‫ﺴ‬ ‫ﹾ‬‫ﺫ‬ِ‫ﺇ‬ ‫ﹶـﺎ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﻥ‬‫ِﻴ‬‫ﺒ‬‫ﻤ‬ ‫ﻙ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻓ‬ِ‫ﺇ‬ ‫ﺫﺍ‬‫ﻫ‬ ‫ﹸﻭﺍ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﹶﺎ‬‫ﻗ‬‫ﻭ‬ ‫ﺍ‬‫ﺭ‬‫ﻴ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﺨ‬ ‫ﻡ‬ِ‫ﻬ‬ِ‫ﺴ‬‫ﹸ‬‫ﻔ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻨ‬َ‫ﺄ‬ِ‫ﺒ‬ ‫ﹸ‬‫ﺕ‬‫ﹶﺎ‬‫ﻨ‬ِ‫ﻤ‬ْ‫ﺅ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﻭ‬ ‫ﻥ‬‫ﹸﻭ‬‫ﻨ‬ِ‫ﻤ‬ْ‫ﺅ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﺍ‬{)‫ﺍﻵﻴﺔ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻨﻭﺭ‬:١٢.(‫ﹰ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﺴﺎﺩﺴ‬-‫ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺱ‬ ‫ﺒﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﻨﺎﻗﻠﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺸﺎﻋﺔ‬ ‫ﺘﺭﺩﻴﺩ‬ ‫ﻋﺩﻡ‬:‫ﻴﺴﺎﻋﺩﻭ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻴﻜﺜﺭ‬ ‫ﻻ‬ ‫ﺤﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺩﻭﺩ‬ ‫ﺃﻀﻴﻕ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺸﺎﻋﺔ‬ ‫ﺤﺼﺭ‬ ‫ﻴﺠﺏ‬‫ﻭﻴـﺴﺎﻋﺩ‬ ،‫ﻨـﺸﺭﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻥ‬‫ﺫﻟﻙ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬:‫ﺍﻹﻓـﻙ‬ ‫ﺤﺎﺩﺙ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺘﻌﺎﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﻗﺎل‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﺒﺎﻁل‬ ‫ﻨﻘل‬ ‫ﻋﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻨﺯﻩ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻅﻥ‬ ‫ﻥ‬‫ﺴ‬‫ﺤ‬‫ﺒ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﺩﺭﺓ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ﺍﻟ‬}‫ﹾ‬‫ﺫ‬ِ‫ﺇ‬ ‫ﻻ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﹶـ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ِﻴﻡ‬‫ﻅ‬‫ﻋ‬ ‫ﻥ‬‫ﹶﺎ‬‫ﺘ‬‫ﻬ‬‫ﺒ‬ ‫ﹶﺍ‬‫ﺫ‬‫ﻫ‬ ‫ﻙ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻨ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﺤ‬‫ﺒ‬‫ﺴ‬ ‫ﹶﺍ‬‫ﺫ‬‫ﻬ‬ِ‫ﺒ‬ ‫ﻡ‬‫ﱠ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻜ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﺘ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻨ‬ ‫ﻥ‬َ‫ﺃ‬ ‫ﹾﺎ‬‫ﻨ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻟ‬ ‫ﻥ‬‫ﹸﻭ‬‫ﻜ‬‫ﻴ‬ ‫ﺎ‬‫ﻤ‬ ‫ﻡ‬‫ﹸ‬‫ﺘ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ﹸ‬‫ﻗ‬ ‫ﻭﻩ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ﹸ‬‫ﺘ‬‫ﻌ‬ِ‫ﻤ‬‫ﺴ‬{)‫ﺍﻵﻴﺔ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻨﻭﺭ‬:١٦(‫ﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﻜﺫﻟﻙ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟ‬ ‫ﹼﺔ‬‫ﻨ‬‫ﺒﺎﻟﺴ‬ ‫ﺠﺎﺀ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﻁﻬﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻨﺒﻭﻴﺔ‬" :‫ﻊ‬ِ‫ﻤ‬‫ﺴ‬ ‫ﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﺒﻜل‬ ‫ﺙ‬‫ﺩ‬‫ﺤ‬‫ﻴ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﺎ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ﺇﺜ‬ ‫ﺭﺀ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ﺒﺎﻟ‬ ‫ﻜﻔﻰ‬"‫ﺇﺸـﺎﻋﺔ‬ ‫ﻤـﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺨـﻭﻑ‬ ،
  • 25. ‫ﺍﻹﺸﺎﻋﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺘﺭﻭﻴﺞ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﻔﺴﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺒﻌﺎﺩ‬‫ﻋﻼﺠﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﺴﺒل‬ ‫ﺍﻹﻋﻼﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﺴﺎﺌل‬ ‫ﻋﺒﺭ‬١٦٩‫ﺘﻌﺎﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺒﻘﻭﻟﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﺎﺤﺸﺔ‬:}‫ﺇ‬‫ِـﻲ‬‫ﻓ‬ ‫ﻡ‬‫ِـﻴ‬‫ﻟ‬َ‫ﺃ‬ ‫ﺏ‬‫ﹶﺍ‬‫ﺫ‬‫ﻋ‬ ‫ﻡ‬‫ﻬ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻟ‬ ‫ﹸﻭﺍ‬‫ﻨ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ﺁ‬ ‫ﻥ‬‫ِﻴ‬‫ﺫ‬‫ﱠ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﺍ‬ ‫ِﻲ‬‫ﻓ‬ ‫ﹸ‬‫ﺔ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﺸ‬ِ‫ﺤ‬‫ﹶﺎ‬‫ﻔ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﺍ‬ ‫ﻊ‬‫ِﻴ‬‫ﺸ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﺘ‬ ‫ﻥ‬َ‫ﺃ‬ ‫ﻥ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﺒ‬ِ‫ﺤ‬‫ﻴ‬ ‫ﻥ‬‫ِﻴ‬‫ﺫ‬‫ﱠ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﺍ‬ ‫ﻥ‬ِِ‫ﺓ‬‫ﺭ‬ِ‫ﺨ‬‫ﻭﺍﻵ‬ ‫ﺎ‬‫ﻴ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻨ‬‫ﺩ‬‫ﺍﻟ‬{)‫ﺍﻵﻴﺔ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻨﻭﺭ‬:١٩.(‫ﹰ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﺴﺎﺒﻌ‬-‫ﺍﻟﻤﻘ‬‫ﻟﻺﺸﺎﻋﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﻌﻠﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺎﻭﻤﺔ‬:‫ﻜﺎﻟﺒﻼﻏـﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤـﺴﺌﻭﻟﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﻬـﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺒﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺘﻘﻭﻡ‬ ،‫ﺇﻴﺠﺎﺒﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﻤﻠﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺒﻁﺭﻴﻘﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺸﺎﻋﺔ‬ ‫ﺘﻘﺎﻭﻡ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﻴﺠﺏ‬‫ﺘﻌﺎﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﻗﺎل‬ ‫ﻜﻤﺎ‬ ،‫ﻟﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺭﻭﺠﻴﻥ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ﺍﻟ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﻌﺎﻗﺒﺔ‬ ،‫ﱢﺩﻫﺎ‬‫ﻨ‬‫ﺘﻔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻲ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻨﺎﺕ‬:}‫ِﻲ‬‫ﻓ‬ ‫ﻥ‬‫ِﻴ‬‫ﺫ‬‫ﱠ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﻭﺍ‬ ‫ﻥ‬‫ﹸﻭ‬‫ﻘ‬ِ‫ﻓ‬‫ﹶﺎ‬‫ﻨ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﺍ‬ ‫ﹶﻪ‬‫ﺘ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻨ‬‫ﻴ‬ ‫ﻡ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻟ‬ ‫ﻥ‬ِ‫ﺌ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﻥ‬‫ﹸﻭ‬‫ﻔ‬ِ‫ﺠ‬‫ﺭ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﻭ‬ ‫ﺽ‬‫ﺭ‬‫ﻤ‬ ‫ﻡ‬ِ‫ﻬ‬ِ‫ﺒ‬‫ﹸﻭ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ﹸ‬‫ﻗ‬‫ﹰﺎ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ِﻴ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻗ‬ ‫ﱠﺎ‬‫ﻟ‬ِ‫ﺇ‬ ‫ﺎ‬‫ﻬ‬‫ِﻴ‬‫ﻓ‬ ‫ﻙ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻨ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﺭ‬ِ‫ﻭ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﺠ‬‫ﻴ‬ ‫ﻻ‬ ‫ﻡ‬‫ﹸ‬‫ﺜ‬ ‫ﻡ‬ِ‫ﻬ‬ِ‫ﺒ‬ ‫ﻙ‬‫ﱠ‬‫ﻨ‬‫ِﻴ‬‫ﺭ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻐ‬‫ﹸ‬‫ﻨ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻟ‬ ِ‫ﺔ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻨ‬‫ِﻴ‬‫ﺩ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﺍ‬ ‫ِﻲ‬‫ﻓ‬.‫ﻥ‬‫ﻴ‬َ‫ﺃ‬ ‫ﻥ‬‫ِﻴ‬‫ﻨ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﻌ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ﹰ‬‫ﻼ‬‫ِﻴ‬‫ﺘ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻘ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﺘ‬ ‫ِﻭﺍ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ﱡ‬‫ﺘ‬‫ﹸ‬‫ﻗ‬‫ﻭ‬ ‫ﹸﻭﺍ‬‫ﺫ‬ِ‫ﺨ‬ُ‫ﺃ‬ ‫ﹸﻭﺍ‬‫ﻔ‬ِ‫ﻘ‬‫ﹸ‬‫ﺜ‬ ‫ﺎ‬‫ﻤ‬{)‫ﺍﻵﻴﺘﺎﻥ‬ ،‫ﺍﻷﺤﺯﺍﺏ‬:٦٠-٦١(‫ﺍﻟﻤـﺴﺠﺩ‬ ‫ﻤـﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺭﺴﻭل‬ ‫ﺃﺨﺭﺠﻬﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﻗﺩ‬‫ﺇ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻻﺴﺘﻤﺭﺍﺭﻫﻡ‬ ‫ﻗﺎﺘﻠﻬﻡ‬ ‫ﺜﻡ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻤﺩﻴﻨﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺃﺒﻌﺩﻫﻡ‬‫ﻏـﺯﻭﺓ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﻭﺫﻟﻙ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻭﺴﺎﺌل‬ ‫ﺒﺸﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺴﻠﻤﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻴﺫﺍﺀ‬‫ﹶﺔ‬‫ﻅ‬‫ﻴ‬‫ﺭ‬‫ﹸ‬‫ﻗ‬ ‫ﻭﺒﻨﻲ‬ ،‫ِﻴﺭ‬‫ﻀ‬‫ﱠ‬‫ﻨ‬‫ﺍﻟ‬ ‫ﻭﺒﻨﻲ‬ ‫ﹶﺎﻉ‬‫ﻘ‬‫ﹸ‬‫ﻨ‬‫ﻴ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻗ‬ ‫ﺒﻨﻲ‬.‫ﻓﻴﻪ‬ ‫ﻴﺘﻬﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺫﻱ‬ ‫ﹾﻑ‬‫ﺫ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻘ‬‫ﺍﻟ‬ ‫ﺤﺩ‬ ‫ﻭﻫﻲ‬ ،‫ﺒﺎﻷﻋﺭﺍﺽ‬ ‫ﺘﺘﻌﻠﻕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻲ‬ ‫ﻟﻺﺸﺎﻋﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﻘﻭﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺴﻼﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﻀﻊ‬ ‫ﻭﻗﺩ‬‫ﺘﻌﺎﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﻗﺎل‬ ،‫ﺒﺎﻟﻔﺎﺤﺸﺔ‬ ‫ﺭﺁﺀ‬‫ﺒ‬‫ﺍﻟ‬:}ِ‫ﺒ‬ ‫ﹸﻭﺍ‬‫ﺘ‬ْ‫ﺄ‬‫ﻴ‬ ‫ﻡ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻟ‬ ‫ﻡ‬‫ﹸ‬‫ﺜ‬ ِ‫ﺕ‬‫ﹶﺎ‬‫ﻨ‬‫ﺼ‬‫ﺤ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﺍ‬ ‫ﻥ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ﺭ‬‫ﻴ‬ ‫ﻥ‬‫ِﻴ‬‫ﺫ‬‫ﱠ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﻡ‬‫ﻫ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﺩ‬‫ِـ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ﺠ‬‫ﹶﺎ‬‫ﻓ‬ ‫ﺍﺀ‬‫ﺩ‬‫ﻬ‬‫ﹸـ‬‫ﺸ‬ ِ‫ﺔ‬‫ﻌ‬‫ﺒ‬‫ﺭ‬َ‫ﺄ‬‫ﻥ‬‫ﹸﻭ‬‫ﻘ‬ِ‫ﺴ‬‫ﹶﺎ‬‫ﻔ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﺍ‬ ‫ﻡ‬‫ﻫ‬ ‫ﻙ‬ِ‫ﺌ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ُﻭ‬‫ﺃ‬‫ﻭ‬ ‫ﺍ‬‫ﺩ‬‫ﺒ‬َ‫ﺃ‬ ‫ﹰ‬‫ﺓ‬‫ﺩ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﻬ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﺸ‬ ‫ﻡ‬‫ﻬ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻟ‬ ‫ﹸﻭﺍ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ﺒ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻘ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﺘ‬ ‫ﻻ‬‫ﻭ‬ ‫ﹰ‬‫ﺓ‬‫ﺩ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ﺠ‬ ‫ﻥ‬‫ِﻴ‬‫ﻨ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﺜ‬{)‫ﺍﻵﻴﺔ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻨﻭﺭ‬:٤.(‫ﺍﻟﻨﺒﻲ‬ ‫ﺩ‬‫ﺤ‬ ‫ﻭﻗﺩ‬‫ﻭﺴﻠﻡ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻴﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﷲ‬ ‫ﺼﻠﻰ‬‫ـ‬ ‫ﻋﻤـﺭ‬ ‫ﺩ‬‫ﻭﺤ‬ ،‫ﻋﺎﺌﺸﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﻴﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﻓﻙ‬ ‫ﺃﺸﺎﻋﻭﺍ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬‫ﺍﻟ‬ ‫ﺃﺸﺎﻋﻭﺍ‬ ‫ﺜﻼﺜﺔ‬ ‫ـ‬ ‫ﻋﻨﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﷲ‬ ‫ﺭﻀﻲ‬‫ﺒﺔ‬‫ﻌ‬‫ﹸ‬‫ﺸ‬ ‫ﺒﻥ‬ ‫ﻐﻴﺭﺓ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ﺍﻟ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺯﻨﺎ‬.‫ﹰ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﺜﺎﻤﻨ‬-‫ﺍﻟﻜﺫﺏ‬ ‫ﺴﻤﺎﻉ‬ ‫ﺘﺠﻨﺏ‬:‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻴﻜﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺨﺒﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﻩ‬ ‫ﻴﻨﻘل‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺫﻱ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻜﺎﺫﺒﺔ؛‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺨﺒﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻗﺎﺌﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﺎﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﺒﺼﻔﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺸﺎﻋﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺇﻥ‬‫ﺘﻌﺎﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﻗﻭﻟﻪ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﻜﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻴﻬﻭﺩ‬ ‫ﺒﺼﻔﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﺠل‬ ‫ﻋﺯ‬ ‫ﻭﺼﻔﻬﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺫﻴﻥ‬:}ِ‫ﺏ‬ِ‫ﺫ‬‫ﹶـ‬‫ﻜ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻠ‬ِ‫ﻟ‬ ‫ﻥ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﻋ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ـ‬‫ﺴ‬ ‫ﹾ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﺩ‬‫ِﺎ‬‫ﻫ‬ ‫ﻥ‬‫ِﻴ‬‫ﺫ‬‫ﱠ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﺍ‬ ‫ﻥ‬ِ‫ﻤ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﺨ‬‫ﺁ‬ ٍ‫ﻡ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻘ‬ِ‫ﻟ‬ ‫ﻥ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﻋ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ﺴ‬ِ‫ﻪ‬ِ‫ﻌ‬ِ‫ﻀ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﻤ‬ ِ‫ﺩ‬‫ﻌ‬‫ﺒ‬ ‫ِﻥ‬‫ﻤ‬ ‫ﻡ‬ِ‫ﻠ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻜ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﺍ‬ ‫ﻥ‬‫ﹸﻭ‬‫ﻓ‬‫ﺭ‬‫ﺤ‬‫ﻴ‬ ‫ﻙ‬‫ﹸﻭ‬‫ﺘ‬ْ‫ﺄ‬‫ﻴ‬ ‫ﻡ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻟ‬ ‫ﻥ‬‫ِﻴ‬‫ﺭ‬{)‫ﺍﻟﻤﺎﺌﺩﺓ‬:‫ﺍﻵﻴﺔ‬:٤١.(‫ﺠﺒﻬﺘﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻟﺤﻤﺎﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺒﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺘﺄﺨﺫ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻴﺠﺏ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻭﺴﺎﺌل‬ ‫ﺃﻫﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﻥ‬‫ﻭﺍﻟﺨﺎﺭﺠﻴـﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﺍﺨﻠﻴﺔ‬‫ﻤـﻥ‬‫ﻴﻠﻲ‬ ‫ﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ؛‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺩﻭ‬ ‫ﻴﺸﻨﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺨﺘﻠﻔﺔ‬ ‫ﺒﺄﺴﺎﻟﻴﺒﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﻔﺴﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺭﺏ‬:١.‫ﺍ‬ ‫ﻭﻗﻭﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﻴﻤﺎﻥ‬‫ﻟﻌﻘﻴﺩﺓ‬:‫ﻭﺫﻟﻙ‬‫ﻴﺘﺯﻋﺯﻉ؛‬ ‫ﻻ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺫﻱ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﷲ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﻴﻤﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﺎﺌﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺭﺍﺴﺨﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻘﻴﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﻷﻥ‬،‫ﺍﻟﻨﻔﺴﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺭﺏ‬ ‫ﻀﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﺎﻫﺩ‬ ‫ﻟﺘﺤﺼﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻨﻴﻊ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻌﺎﻤل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﻭﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺭﻜﻴﺯﺓ‬ ‫ﻫﻲ‬‫ﺍﻟﻌـﺴﻜﺭﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﺎﻟﺘﻌﺒﺌﺔ‬‫ﻷﻥ‬ ،‫ﺘﻜﻔﻲ‬ ‫ﻻ‬ ‫ﻭﺤﺩﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺭﺏ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬،‫ﺘـﺴﺘﻌﻤﻠﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻴﺩ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﻴﺤﺘﺎﺝ‬ ‫ﻭﺇﻨﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﻨﻔﺴﻪ‬ ‫ﻴﺤﻤل‬ ‫ﻻ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﻼﺡ‬‫ﺇﻟ‬ ‫ﺘﺤﺘﺎﺝ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻴﺩ‬‫ﻴﺩﻓﻌﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺫﻱ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﻴﻤﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺘﺤﺘﺎﺝ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻹﺭﺍﺩﺓ‬ ،‫ﺘﺤﺭﻜﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺭﺍﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﻰ‬‫ﺘﺒـﺩﻭﺍ‬ ‫ﻭﻫﻜﺫﺍ‬ ،،‫ﺍﻟﻨﺼﺭ‬ ‫ﺘﺤﻘﻴﻕ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻘﻴﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﻭﻗﻭﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﻴﻤﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺃﻫﻤﻴﺔ‬‫ﺍﻟﻨﻔـﺴﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤـﺭﺏ‬ ‫ﻭﺨﺒﺭﺍﺀ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﻔﺱ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻤﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﺇﻥ‬ ‫ﺒل‬،‫ﺍﻟﺜﺎﺒﺘـﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻘﺎﺌـﺩ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺨﺎﻟﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﻨﻭﺩ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺃﻜﺜﺭ‬ ‫ﺒﻔﺎﻋﻠﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺘﺅﺜﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﻔﺴﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺭﺏ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻴﺘﻔﻘﻭﻥ‬‫ﺍﻟﺴ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻭﻋﻲ‬ ‫ﻭﺫﻭﻱ‬‫ﹰ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﻨـﻭﺭ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻤـﺴﻠﻤﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟﻨﺴﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﻴﻤﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻜﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻟﺫﻟﻙ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻤﺜﻘﻔﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﻏﻴﺭ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻀﻴﻕ‬ ‫ﻴﺎﺴﻲ‬
  • 26. ‫ﺩ‬.‫ﺍﻟﻬﻤﺹ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﺘﺎﺡ‬ ‫ﻋﺒﺩ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﺩ‬.‫ﺸ‬ ‫ﻓﺎﻴﺯ‬‫ﻠﺩﺍﻥ‬١٧٠‫ﻤﻌﻨﻭﻴـﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻨﻴل‬ ‫ﻭﻤﺤﺎﻭﻻﺘﻬﻡ‬ ‫ﺃﺴﺎﻟﻴﺒﻬﻡ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺘﺘﺤﻁﻡ‬ ‫ﺼﺨﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻟﻸﻋﺩﺍﺀ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟﻨﺴﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﻜﺎﻥ‬ ،‫ﻴﻬﺩﻴﻬﻡ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﺴﻠﻤﻴﻥ‬.٢.‫ﺍﻟﻨﻔﺴﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺭﺏ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﻭﺃﺴﺎﻟﻴﺒﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺩﻭ‬ ‫ﺒﺄﻫﺩﺍﻑ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻭﻋﻲ‬:‫ﻴﺤﺼﻥ‬ ‫ﺫﻟﻙ‬ ‫ﻷﻥ‬‫ﺁﺜـﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﻀـﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻘﺎﺘل‬‫ﻤ‬ ‫ﻭﻴﺠﻌﻠﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺭﺏ؛‬‫ﺒﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﺄﺜﺭ‬ ‫ﻟﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﻋﺩﻡ‬ ،‫ﺍﻷﺴﺎﻟﻴﺏ‬ ‫ﺘﻠﻙ‬ ‫ﻟﻤﻭﺍﺠﻬﺔ‬ ‫ﹰ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﺴﺘﻌﺩ‬.‫ﺴـﺒﻕ‬ ‫ﻭﻗﺩ‬،‫ﻤﻨﻬـﺎ‬ ‫ﺤﺫﺭ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺴﻠﻤﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﻟﻴﻜﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﻔﺴﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺭﺏ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺩﻭ‬ ‫ﺃﺴﺎﻟﻴﺏ‬ ‫ﻓﻀﺢ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻜﺭﻴﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﺭﺁﻥ‬‫ﺘﻌﺎﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﻗﻭﻟﻪ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﻜﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻤﺅﻤﻨﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﻨﺼﺭﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﷲ‬ ‫ﻭﻋﺩ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻨﺎﻓﻘﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻜﺘﺸﻜﻴﻙ‬:}‫ﻥ‬‫ﹸﻭ‬‫ﻘ‬ِ‫ﻓ‬‫ﹶـﺎ‬‫ﻨ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﺍ‬ ُ‫ل‬‫ﹸﻭ‬‫ﻘ‬‫ﻴ‬ ‫ﹾ‬‫ﺫ‬ِ‫ﺇ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﻥ‬‫ِﻴ‬‫ﺫ‬‫ﱠ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﹰ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﻭﺭ‬‫ﺭ‬‫ﹸ‬‫ﻏ‬ ‫ﱠﺎ‬‫ﻟ‬ِ‫ﺇ‬ ‫ﻪ‬‫ﹸ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﺴ‬‫ﺭ‬‫ﻭ‬ ‫ﻪ‬‫ﱠ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ﺍﻟ‬ ‫ﹶﺎ‬‫ﻨ‬‫ﺩ‬‫ﻋ‬‫ﻭ‬ ‫ﺎ‬‫ﻤ‬ ‫ﺽ‬‫ﺭ‬‫ﻤ‬ ‫ﻡ‬ِ‫ﻬ‬ِ‫ﺒ‬‫ﹸﻭ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ﹸ‬‫ﻗ‬ ‫ِﻲ‬‫ﻓ‬{)‫ﺍﻵﻴﺔ‬ ،‫ﺍﻷﺤﺯﺍﺏ‬:١٢(٣.‫ﺍﻹﺸﺎﻋﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺘﺭﻭﻴﺞ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﻨﻊ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺴﺭﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﻜﺘﻤﺎﻥ‬:‫ﻴﻨﺒﻐﻲ‬ ‫ﺤﻴﺙ‬‫ﻭﺍﻟﺠﻴﺵ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﺴﺭﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﹶﻡ‬‫ﺘ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻜ‬‫ﹸ‬‫ﺘ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬‫ﺃﻫل‬ ‫ﻋﻨﺩ‬‫ﻭﺍﻟﻤﺴﺅﻭﻟ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﺎﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻡ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﻩ‬ ‫ﻤﻊ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻌﺎﻤل‬ ‫ﺒﻜﻴﻔﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺩﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﻷﻨﻬﻡ‬ ‫ﻴﻥ؛‬،‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﻴﺼﻠﺢ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﺎ‬‫ﻴﻘﺎل‬‫ﺘﻌﺎﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﻗﺎل‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﺤﺴﺎﺴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻅﺭﻭﻑ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺨﺎﺼﺔ‬ ‫ﻴﻘﺎل‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﻴﺼﻠﺢ‬ ‫ﻻ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﺎ‬:}‫ﻥ‬‫ِـ‬‫ﻤ‬ ‫ﺭ‬‫ﻤ‬َ‫ﺃ‬ ‫ﻡ‬‫ﻫ‬‫ﺀ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﺠ‬ ‫ﹶﺍ‬‫ﺫ‬ِ‫ﺇ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﻥ‬‫ِﻴ‬‫ﺫ‬‫ﱠـ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﺍ‬ ‫ﻪ‬‫ـ‬‫ﻤ‬ِ‫ﻠ‬‫ﻌ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻟ‬ ‫ﻡ‬‫ﻬ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻨ‬ِ‫ﻤ‬ ِ‫ﺭ‬‫ﻤ‬َ‫ﺄ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﺍ‬ ‫ِﻲ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ُﻭ‬‫ﺃ‬ ‫ﹶﻰ‬‫ﻟ‬ِ‫ﺇ‬‫ﻭ‬ ِ‫ل‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﺴ‬‫ﺭ‬‫ﺍﻟ‬ ‫ﹶﻰ‬‫ﻟ‬ِ‫ﺇ‬ ‫ﻩ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﺩ‬‫ﺭ‬ ‫ﻭ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﻭ‬ ِ‫ﻪ‬ِ‫ﺒ‬ ‫ﻭﺍ‬‫ﻋ‬‫ﹶﺍ‬‫ﺫ‬َ‫ﺃ‬ ِ‫ﻑ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﺨ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﺍ‬ ِ‫ﻭ‬َ‫ﺃ‬ ِ‫ﻥ‬‫ﻤ‬َ‫ﺄ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﻡ‬‫ﻬ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻨ‬ِ‫ﻤ‬ ‫ﻪ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻨ‬‫ﹸﻭ‬‫ﻁ‬ِ‫ﺒ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻨ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﺘ‬‫ﺴ‬‫ﻴ‬‫ِـﻴﻼ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻗ‬ ‫ﱠـﺎ‬‫ﻟ‬ِ‫ﺇ‬ ‫ﻥ‬‫ﹶﺎ‬‫ﻁ‬‫ﻴ‬‫ﱠ‬‫ﺸ‬‫ﺍﻟـ‬ ‫ﻡ‬‫ﹸ‬‫ﺘ‬‫ﻌ‬‫ﺒ‬‫ﱠ‬‫ﺘ‬‫ﹶﺎ‬‫ﻟ‬ ‫ﻪ‬‫ﹸ‬‫ﺘ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ﺤ‬‫ﺭ‬‫ﻭ‬ ‫ﻡ‬‫ﹸ‬‫ﻜ‬‫ﻴ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ﻋ‬ ِ‫ﻪ‬‫ﱠ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ﺍﻟ‬ ُ‫ل‬‫ﻀ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻓ‬ ‫ﻻ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﻭ‬{)،‫ﺍﻟﻨـﺴﺎﺀ‬‫ﺍﻵﻴﺔ‬:٨٣.(٤.‫ﺍﻹﺸـﺎﻋﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺘﺭﻭﺝ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺘﺘﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻘﻭﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺼﺩﻱ‬:‫ﺒﺎﻹﻋﺩﺍﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺴﻼﻡ‬ ‫ﺃﻤﺭ‬ ‫ﻓﺤﻴﻥ‬‫ﺍﻟﻌـﺩﻭ‬ ‫ﻟﺭﺩﻉ‬‫ﺍﻟﺨﻔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻀﺎﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﻭﻯ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﻋﺩﺍﺀ‬ ‫ﺒﺭﺩﻉ‬ ‫ﹰ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﺃﻴﻀ‬ ‫ﺃﻤﺭ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﺨﺎﺭﺠﻲ‬‫ﺍﻟﻴـﻭﻡ‬ ‫ﻨـﺴﻤﻴﻬﻡ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﻫﻡ‬ ،‫ﻴﺔ‬،‫ﺍﻟﻅـﺎﻫﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺩﻭ‬ ‫ﺨﻁﺭ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺒﻜﺜﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺃﺨﻁﺭ‬ ‫ﻫﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺫﻴﻥ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻤﻨﺎﻓﻘﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻼﺀ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺨﺎﻤﺱ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟﻁﺎﺒﻭﺭ‬‫ﻭﻴﻘﺘﻠـﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺸﺎﻋﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﻴﺭﻭﺠﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﺘﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﻴﺜﻴﺭﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻴﺤﻘﺩﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﻷﻨﻬﻡ‬،‫ﺍﻹﻴﺠﺎﺒﻴـﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺭﺍﺩﺓ‬‫ﺘﺭﻭﻋﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﻭﺓ‬ ‫ﻭﺴﺎﺌل‬ ‫ﺇﻋﺩﺍﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﺃﻭﺠﺏ‬ ‫ﻤﻨﻬﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺴﻼﻡ‬ ‫ﺤﺫﺭ‬ ‫ﻭﻟﺫﻟﻙ‬‫ﺘﻌـﺎﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﻗﺎل‬ ،:}‫ﻥ‬‫ِﻴ‬‫ﺭ‬‫ﹶـ‬‫ﺨ‬‫ﺁ‬‫ﻭ‬ ‫ﻡ‬‫ﹸ‬‫ﻜ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﺩ‬‫ﻋ‬‫ﻭ‬ ِ‫ﻪ‬‫ﱠ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ﺍﻟ‬ ‫ﻭ‬‫ﺩ‬‫ﻋ‬ ِ‫ﻪ‬ِ‫ﺒ‬ ‫ﻥ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﺒ‬ِ‫ﻫ‬‫ﺭ‬‫ﹸ‬‫ﺘ‬ ِ‫ل‬‫ﻴ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﺨ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﺍ‬ ِ‫ﻁ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﺒ‬ِ‫ﺭ‬ ‫ﻥ‬ِ‫ﻤ‬‫ﻭ‬ ٍ‫ﺓ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﹸ‬‫ﻗ‬ ‫ﻥ‬ِ‫ﻤ‬ ‫ﻡ‬‫ﹸ‬‫ﺘ‬‫ﻌ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻁ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﺘ‬‫ﺴ‬‫ﺍ‬ ‫ﺎ‬‫ﻤ‬ ‫ﻡ‬‫ﻬ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻟ‬ ‫ﻭﺍ‬‫ﺩ‬ِ‫ﻋ‬َ‫ﺃ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﻡ‬‫ﻬ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ﻌ‬‫ﻴ‬ ‫ﻪ‬‫ﱠ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ﺍﻟ‬ ‫ﻡ‬‫ﻬ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻨ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ﻌ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﺘ‬ ‫ﻻ‬ ‫ﻡ‬ِ‫ﻬ‬ِ‫ﻨ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﺩ‬ ‫ﻥ‬ِ‫ﻤ‬{)‫ﺍﻵﻴﺔ‬ ،‫ﺍﻷﻨﻔﺎل‬:٦٠.(‫ﺍﻟﺘﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﻔﺴﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺭﺏ‬ ‫ﺼﻭﺭ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﻥ‬‫ﺍﻟﻨﺒﻲ‬ ‫ﻤﺎﺭﺴﻬﺎ‬‫ﻭﺴـﻠﻡ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻴـﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﷲ‬ ‫ﺼﻠﻰ‬‫ﺘﻠـﻙ‬ ‫ﻓـﻲ‬‫ﻤـﺎ‬ ‫ﻫﺯﻴﻤﺘـﻪ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻌﻤل‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻌﺩﻭ‬ ‫ﻨﻔﺴﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺇﻀﻌﺎﻑ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻭﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟﺩﺭﺠﺔ‬ ‫ﺘﻬﺩﻑ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻲ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﺭﻜﺔ‬‫ﻤﻨﻪ‬ ‫ﻜﺎﻥ‬‫ﻭﺴﻠﻡ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻴﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﷲ‬ ‫ﺼﻠﻰ‬‫ﺤ‬‫ﻓﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺼﺒﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺤﻔﻨﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﺨﺫ‬ ‫ﻴﻥ‬‫ﻭﻗﺎل‬ ‫ﹰ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﻗﺭﻴﺸ‬ ‫ﺒﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺴﺘﻘﺒل‬" :‫ﺸـﺎﻫﺕ‬‫ﺍﻟﻭﺠﻭﻩ‬) "،‫ﻤﺴﻠﻡ‬ ‫ﺼﺤﻴﺢ‬١٩٥٥:‫ﺍﻟﺤﺩﻴﺙ‬ ‫ﺭﻗﻡ‬٣٣٢٨(‫ﺒﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﺭﻤﻰ‬ ،‫ﻤـﻥ‬ ‫ﻓﻤـﺎ‬ ،‫ﻭﺠﻭﻫﻬﻡ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬‫ﺘﻌـﺎﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﻗﺎل‬ ‫ﺫﻟﻙ‬ ‫ﻭﻓﻲ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻘﺒﻀﺔ‬ ‫ﺘﻠﻙ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﻓﻤﻪ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﻨﺨﺭﻩ‬ ‫ﻋﻴﻨﻪ‬ ‫ﺃﺼﺎﺏ‬ ‫ﺇﻻ‬ ‫ﺃﺤﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺸﺭﻜﻴﻥ‬:}‫ـﺎ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﻰ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ﺭ‬ َ‫ﷲ‬‫ﺍ‬ ‫ﻥ‬ِ‫ﻜ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﻭ‬ ‫ﹶ‬‫ﺕ‬‫ﻴ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ﺭ‬ ‫ﹾ‬‫ﺫ‬ِ‫ﺇ‬ ‫ﹶ‬‫ﺕ‬‫ﻴ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ﺭ‬{)‫ﺍﻵﻴﺔ‬ ،‫ﺍﻷﻨﻔﺎل‬:١٧(،‫ﺍﻟﺭﻤـﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﺒﺘـﺩﺍﺀ‬ ‫ﻟﺭﺴﻭﻟﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﷲ‬ ‫ﺃﺜﺒﺕ‬ ‫ﻓﻘﺩ‬‫ﺍﻟﺤ‬ ‫ﺒﻪ‬ ‫ﻴﺭﺍﺩ‬ ‫ﻓﺎﻟﺭﻤﻲ‬ ،‫ﺒﺭﻤﻴﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﻴﺤﺼل‬ ‫ﻟﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺫﻱ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﻴﺼﺎل‬ ‫ﻋﻨﻪ‬ ‫ﻭﻨﻔﻰ‬‫ﻟﻨﺒﻴـﻪ‬ ‫ﻓﺄﺜﺒﺕ‬ ،‫ﻭﺍﻹﻴﺼﺎل‬ ‫ﺫﻑ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﻘـﺎﺘﻠﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺃﻜﺜـﺭ‬ ‫ﻭﺠـﻭﻩ‬ ‫ﺇﻟـﻰ‬ ‫ﻨﻔﺫﺕ‬ ‫ﻗﺩ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟﺤﺼﺒﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﻔﺤﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﻬﺫﻩ‬ ،‫ﺍﻹﻴﺼﺎل‬ ‫ﻋﻨﻪ‬ ‫ﻭﻨﻔﻰ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﺤﺫﻑ‬
  • 27. ‫ﺍﻹﺸﺎﻋﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺘﺭﻭﻴﺞ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﻔﺴﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺒﻌﺎﺩ‬‫ﻋﻼﺠﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﺴﺒل‬ ‫ﺍﻹﻋﻼﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﺴﺎﺌل‬ ‫ﻋﺒﺭ‬١٧١،‫ﺍﻟﻤـﺸﺭﻜﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻤـﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﺜﻨﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﺤﺩ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺃﻜﺜﺭ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺘﺼل‬ ‫ﻜﺎﻨﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﷲ‬ ‫ﻭﻟﻭﻻ‬ ،‫ﺒﺎﻟﻬﺯﻴﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﺄﺼﺎﺒﺘﻬﻡ‬‫ﺃﺨـﺫ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻲ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻤﺎﺩﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺴﺒﺎﺏ‬ ‫ﺒﺄﺤﺩ‬ ‫ﺃﺨﺫ‬ ‫ﻗﺩ‬ ‫ﻭﺴﻠﻡ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻴﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﷲ‬ ‫ﺼﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺭﺴﻭل‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﻓﻨﺠﺩ‬‫ﺍﻟـﺸﻜل‬ ‫ﺕ‬‫ﺘﻬﻴﺌـﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺭﺒﺎﻨﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻭﻓﻴﻕ‬ ‫ﻤﻊ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻤﻜﻥ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟﻘﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻷﺴﺒﺎﺏ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺨﺫ‬ ‫ﺒﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﺠﺘﻤﻊ‬ ‫ﺤﻴﺙ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻨﻭﻱ‬‫ﻭﺍﻟﻐﻴﺒﻴـﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺨﺎﺭﻗﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺭﺒﺎﻨﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺄﻴﻴﺩﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﻊ‬ ‫ﻤﺘﻜﺎﻓﺌﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﺘﻌﺎﻭﻨﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﺼﺭ‬ ‫ﺃﺴﺒﺎﺏ‬ ‫ﺠﻤﻴﻊ‬)،‫ﻋﻠـﻲ‬ ‫ﺠﻬـﺎﺩ‬Internet.(٥‫ـ‬‫ﺒﺎﻟﻨﻔﺱ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟﺜﻘﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺸﻌﻭﺭ‬ ‫ﺘﻨﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻤل‬:‫ﻭﺒﺎﻟﻭﻁﻥ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﷲ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﻴﻤﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﻜﺫﻟﻙ‬.‫ﺒـﺎﻟﻨﻔﺱ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺜﻘـﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﺎﻥ‬‫ﻨـﻀﺎﻟﻪ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﺴﺘﻤﺭﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺸﻌﺏ‬ ‫ﺼﻤﻭﺩ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻴﻘﻭﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﻭﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﻋﺎﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﺇﻨﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻜﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﻨﺠﺎﺡ؛‬ ‫ﻜل‬ ‫ﺃﺴﺎﺱ‬.‫ﺍﻻﻨﻬﺯﺍﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺒﺎﺩﺉ‬ ‫ﻟﺘﺴﺭﺏ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﺭﺼﺔ‬ ‫ﺘﺩﻉ‬ ‫ﻻ‬ ‫ﺤﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺨﻠﻘﻴﺔ؛‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﻴﻨﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﻴﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﻏﺭﺱ‬.٦‫ﻭﺍﻟﻤﻘﺎﺘﻠﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﺎﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﺒﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺼﺭﻴﺤﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻭﺩﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻼﻗﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺘﻨﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ـ‬:‫ﺍﻟﺩﻋﺎﻴـﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﻜﺎﻓﺤـﺔ‬ ‫ﺘـﺴﻬل‬ ‫ﺤﺘـﻰ‬‫ﺍﻟﺘﺨ‬‫ﻤﻬـﺎ‬ ‫ﺘﻨﻔﻴـﺫ‬ ‫ﻓـﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﺎﺌﺩ‬ ‫ﻟﻤﻌﺎﻭﻨﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻭﺤﺩﺍﺕ؛‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﻋﻼﻡ‬ ‫ﺠﻤﺎﻋﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﺴﺘﻐﻼل‬ ،‫ﻟﻠﻌﺩﻭ‬ ‫ﺭﻴﺒﻴﺔ‬‫ﻡ‬‫ﻤﻨﺘﻘﻭ‬ ‫ﺃﻓﺭﺍﺩ‬ ‫ﻭﻫﻡ‬ ،‫ﺍﻷﻓﺭﺍﺩ‬ ‫ﺘﻭﻋﻴﺔ‬‫ﻭﺍﻟـﺫﻜﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻜﻔـﺎﺀﺓ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻋﺎﻟﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺠﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻘﺎﺘﻠﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺒﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻥ‬‫ﺯﻤﻼﺌﻬﻡ‬ ‫ﺒﺈﻋﺠﺎﺏ‬ ‫ﻭﻴﺤﻅﻭﻥ‬ ،‫ﻭﺍﻟﺸﺠﺎﻋﺔ‬.٧‫ـ‬‫ﺍﻟﻘﻭﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻭﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﻴﺩﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﻓﻌﺎل‬ ‫ﺇﻴﺠﺎﺒﻲ‬ ‫ﺒﻌﻤل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﻴﺎﻡ‬:‫ﺍ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﻔﻨﻴﺩ‬‫ﺒﺎﻻﺴـﺘﻨﺎﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺴﻤﻭﻋﺔ‬ ‫ﻹﺸﺎﻋﺎﺕ‬‫ﺴـﻤﻭﻡ‬ ‫ﻀـﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺸﻌﺏ‬ ‫ﺘﺤﺽ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻭﺍﻗﻌﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻠﻤﻭﺴﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺤﻘﺎﺌﻕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻨﻁﻘﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺒﺭﺍﻫﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺠﺞ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬‫ﺍﻟﺘﻭﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺤﺎﻀﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﺇﻟﻘﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﺩﻭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺒﻌﻘﺩ‬ ‫ﻭﺫﻟﻙ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻋﺩﺍﺀ‬ ‫ﻴﺭﻭﺠﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻐﺭﻀﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺸﺎﻋﺎﺕ‬‫ﺍﻟﻘﻭﻤﻲ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻹﺭﺸﺎﺩ‬.٨‫ـ‬‫ﺍﻟﻴﺄﺱ‬ ‫ﻭﻋﺩﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺼﻤﻭﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻜﻔﺎﺡ‬ ‫ﻟﻤﻭﺍﺼﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﻋﻭﺓ‬:‫ﺍﻟ‬ ‫ﺤﺙ‬‫ﻓـﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﻴﺠﺎﺒﻴـﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺎﻫﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻨﺎﺱ‬‫ﻓـﻲ‬ ‫ﺒﻤﻌﻭﻟـﻪ‬ ‫ﻴـﻀﺭﺏ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﻴﺴﺘﻁﻴﻊ‬ ‫ﻜل‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻔﻼﺡ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻤﻭﻅﻑ‬ ‫ﻓﺎﻟﻌﺎﻤل‬ ،‫ﻤﻭﻗﻌﻪ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﻜل‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﺭﻜﺔ‬‫ﺍﻹﻨﺘﺎﺝ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﻬﺎﺩ‬ ‫ﻓﺈﻥ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﺨﻁ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺭﺍﺒﺽ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﻨﺩﻱ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺸﻙ‬ ‫ﻭﻻ‬ ‫ﺃﺜﺭﻩ‬ ‫ﻴﺭﺘﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺫﻱ‬ ،‫ﺍﻹﻨﺘﺎﺝ‬‫ﺍﻟﻘﺘﺎل‬ ‫ﺴﺎﺤﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﻬﺎﺩ‬ ‫ﻋﻥ‬ ‫ﺸﺭﻓﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﻻ‬ ‫ﺃﻫﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻴﻘل‬ ‫ﻻ‬.٩‫ﺒﺎﻟﺘﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﻫﺘﻤﺎﻡ‬ ‫ـ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﺩﻨﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﻓﺎﻉ‬ ‫ﺃﺴﺎﻟﻴﺏ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﻜﺫﺍ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺴﻜﺭﻱ‬ ‫ﻴﺏ‬:‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﺸـﺎﻨﻪ‬ ‫ﻤـﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺩﺭﻴﺏ‬ ‫ﻷﻥ‬،‫ﺍﻟﺨﻁـﺭ‬ ‫ﻤﻭﺍﺠﻬﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟﻘﺩﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺤﺴﺎﺱ‬ ‫ﻴﻘﻭﻱ‬ ‫ﻜﻤﺎ‬ ،‫ﺒﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻻﻋﺘﺯﺍﺯ‬ ،‫ﺒﺎﻟﻨﻔﺱ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺜﻘﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻴﺒﻌﺙ‬‫ﺒﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻬﺯﻴﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺇﻟﺤﺎﻕ‬ ‫ﻤﻬﺎﺠﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺒﺎﺩﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺭﻭﺡ‬ ‫ﺘﺯﻜﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﻋﻠﻰ‬.١٠‫ـ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﻘﺎﺘﻠﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻟﺩﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻬﺠﻭﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺭﻭﺡ‬ ‫ﺒﺙ‬:‫ﻭﻜﺫﺍ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺩﺭﻴﺏ‬ ‫ﺃﺜﻨﺎﺀ‬‫ﺍﻟﻔﺭﻴﻕ‬ ‫ﻭﺭﻭﺡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺴﻜﺭﻱ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﻨﻀﺒﺎﻁ‬‫ﻟﻠﻌﺩﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺨﺭﻴﺒﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﻋﺎﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻤﻜﺎﻓﺤﺔ‬ ‫ﺎﻟﺔ‬‫ﻌ‬‫ﻓ‬ ‫ﻋﻭﺍﻤل‬ ‫ﻭﻫﻲ‬.
  • 28. ‫ﺩ‬.‫ﺍﻟﻬﻤﺹ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﺘﺎﺡ‬ ‫ﻋﺒﺩ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﺩ‬.‫ﺸ‬ ‫ﻓﺎﻴﺯ‬‫ﻠﺩﺍﻥ‬١٧٢‫ﺍﻟﺘﻭﺼﻴﺎﺕ‬:١،‫ﻤﻨﻪ‬ ‫ﻴﻘﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻟﺴﻨﺎ‬ ‫ﹰ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﺃﻤﺭ‬ ‫ﻨﺩﻋﻲ‬ ‫ﻻ‬ ‫ﻭﺃﻥ‬ ،‫ﻨﺴﻤﻊ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﻨﻘﻭل‬ ‫ﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﺼﺤﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺄﻜﺩ‬ ‫ـ‬‫ﻭﺃﻻ‬‫ﻋﻠـﻰ‬ ‫ﻨﺤﻜﻡ‬‫ﺒﻌﺩ‬ ‫ﺇﻻ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺘﺤﺩﺙ‬ ‫ﻗﻭل‬‫ﻭﺃ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﺤﺎل‬ ‫ﺸﻭﺍﻫﺩ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﺭﺍﻋﺎﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﺤﺹ‬‫ﺍﻟﻅﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﺠﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺤﻜﻤﻨﺎ‬ ‫ﻨﺒﻨﻲ‬ ‫ﻻ‬.٢‫ﻭﺍﻟﻐﻴﺒـﺔ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﺜﺭﺜﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﺠﻨﺏ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻌﻤل‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻹﺨﻼﺹ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻘﻭل‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺼﺩﻕ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﺘﻤﻊ‬ ‫ﺃﻓﺭﺍﺩ‬ ‫ﺘﺭﺒﻴﺔ‬ ‫ـ‬‫ﺘﻌﺎﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﻗﻭﻟﻪ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﻜﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﻕ‬ ‫ﺇﻅﻬﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻅﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﺘﺒﺎﻉ‬ ،‫ﻭﺍﻟﻨﻤﻴﻤﺔ‬:}‫ﻥ‬َ‫ﺇ‬ ‫ﹰ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﹼـ‬‫ﻨ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻅ‬ ‫ﱠ‬‫ﻻ‬ِ‫ﺇ‬ ‫ﻡ‬‫ﻫ‬‫ﺭ‬‫ﹶـ‬‫ﺜ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻜ‬َ‫ﺃ‬ ‫ﻊ‬ِ‫ﺒ‬‫ﱠ‬‫ﺘ‬‫ﻴ‬ ‫ﺎ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ﻭ‬ِ‫ﺒ‬ ‫ﻡ‬‫ﹶﻴ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ﻋ‬ ‫ﻪ‬‫ﹼ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ﺍﻟ‬ ‫ﻥ‬ِ‫ﺇ‬ ‫ﹰ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﺌ‬‫ﻴ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﺸ‬ ‫ﱢ‬‫ﻕ‬‫ﺤ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﺍ‬ ‫ﻥ‬ِ‫ﻤ‬ ‫ِﻲ‬‫ﻨ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻐ‬‫ﻴ‬ ‫ﹶ‬‫ﻻ‬ ‫ﻥ‬‫ﱠ‬‫ﻅ‬‫ﺍﻟ‬‫ﻥ‬‫ﹸﻭ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ﻌ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻔ‬‫ﻴ‬ ‫ﺎ‬‫ﻤ‬{)‫ﺍﻵﻴﺔ‬ ،‫ﻴﻭﻨﺱ‬:٣٦(٣‫ﺍﻟﻘﺎﺫﻑ‬ ‫ﻜﺠﻠﺩ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﺸﺭﻉ‬ ‫ﻴﻭﺠﺒﻪ‬ ‫ﺒﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﻴﺭﺩﺩﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻨﻌﺎﻗﺏ‬ ‫ﻭﺃﻥ‬ ،‫ﺍﻹﺸﺎﻋﺔ‬ ‫ﻨﺭﺩﺩ‬ ‫ﻻ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ـ‬)‫ﻴـﺘﻬﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟـﺫﻱ‬‫ﺍﻟﺸﺭﻴﻔﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻔﻴﻔﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﺴﺎﺀ‬‫ﺒﺎﻟﺯﻨﻰ‬ ‫ﺕ‬(‫ﻭﺃ‬‫ﺘﻌـﺎﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﻗﺎل‬ ،‫ﹰ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﻓﺎﺴﻘ‬ ‫ﻴﻌﺘﺒﺭ‬ ‫ﻷﻨﻪ‬ ‫ﺸﻬﺎﺩﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﺘﻘﺒل‬ ‫ﻻ‬:}‫ﻥ‬‫ِﻴ‬‫ﺫ‬‫ﱠـ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﻭ‬ْ‫ﺄ‬‫ﻴ‬ ‫ﻡ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻟ‬ ‫ﻡ‬‫ﹸ‬‫ﺜ‬ ِ‫ﺕ‬‫ﹶﺎ‬‫ﻨ‬‫ﺼ‬‫ﺤ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﺍ‬ ‫ﻥ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ﺭ‬‫ﻴ‬‫ﹰ‬‫ﺓ‬‫ﺩ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﻬ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﺸ‬ ‫ﻡ‬‫ﻬ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻟ‬ ‫ﹸﻭﺍ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ﺒ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻘ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﺘ‬ ‫ﹶﺎ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﻭ‬ ‫ﹰ‬‫ﺓ‬‫ﺩ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ﺠ‬ ‫ﻥ‬‫ِﻴ‬‫ﻨ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﺜ‬ ‫ﻡ‬‫ﻫ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﺩ‬ِ‫ﻠ‬‫ﺠ‬‫ﹶﺎ‬‫ﻓ‬ ‫ﺍﺀ‬‫ﺩ‬‫ﻬ‬‫ﹸ‬‫ﺸ‬ ِ‫ﺔ‬‫ﻌ‬‫ﺒ‬‫ﺭ‬َ‫ﺄ‬ِ‫ﺒ‬ ‫ﹸﻭﺍ‬‫ﺘ‬‫ﻥ‬‫ﹸﻭ‬‫ﻘ‬ِ‫ﺴ‬‫ﹶﺎ‬‫ﻔ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﺍ‬ ‫ﻡ‬‫ﻫ‬ ‫ﻙ‬ِ‫ﺌ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﻭ‬ُ‫ﺃ‬‫ﻭ‬ ‫ﹰ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﺩ‬‫ﺒ‬َ‫ﺃ‬{)‫ﺍﻟﻨﻭﺭ،ﺍﻵﻴﺔ‬:٤.(٤‫ﺍﻟﻤﺘﺒﺎﺩﻟـﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺜﻘﺔ‬ ،‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻘﻭﻯ‬ ،‫ﺍﻹﻴﻤﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻗﺎﺌﻡ‬ ‫ﺘﻤﺎﺴﻙ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻤﺴﻠﻤﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺃﻓﺭﺍﺩ‬ ‫ﺒﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻤﺎﺴﻙ‬ ‫ـ‬‫ﺍﻟﻅﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺤﺴﻥ‬‫ﺒﺎﻹﺼـﻼﺡ‬ ‫ﺃﻓﺭﺍﺩﻩ‬ ‫ﻴﻘﻭﻡ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻭﺍﺤﺩ‬ ‫ﻜﺎﻟﺠﺴﺩ‬ ‫ﻤﺠﺘﻤﻊ‬ ،‫ﺒﻬﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺸﻤﺎﺘﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﺠﻨﺏ‬ ،‫ﺒﺎﻵﺨﺭﻴﻥ‬‫ﺘﻌﺎﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﻗﺎل‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻤﻔﺴﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺸﺎﻋﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺘﺭﻭﻴﺞ‬ ‫ﻭﻋﺩﻡ‬:}‫ﻡ‬‫ﹸ‬‫ﻜ‬‫ﻴ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﹶـ‬‫ﺨ‬َ‫ﺃ‬ ‫ﻥ‬‫ﻴ‬‫ـ‬‫ﺒ‬ ‫ﻭﺍ‬‫ﺤ‬ِ‫ﻠ‬‫ﺼ‬َ‫ﺄ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻓ‬ ‫ﹲ‬‫ﺓ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﺨ‬ِ‫ﺇ‬ ‫ﻥ‬‫ﹸﻭ‬‫ﻨ‬ِ‫ﻤ‬ْ‫ﺅ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﺍ‬ ‫ﺎ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ﱠ‬‫ﻨ‬ِ‫ﺇ‬‫ﻥ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ﺤ‬‫ﺭ‬‫ﹸ‬‫ﺘ‬ ‫ﻡ‬‫ﹸ‬‫ﻜ‬‫ﱠ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ﻌ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻟ‬ ‫ﻪ‬‫ﱠ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ﺍﻟ‬ ‫ﹸﻭﺍ‬‫ﻘ‬‫ﱠ‬‫ﺘ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﻭ‬{)‫ﺍﻵﻴﺔ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﺤﺠﺭﺍﺕ‬:١٠.(٥‫ﺍﻹ‬ ‫ﺘﺤﻭﻴل‬ ‫ـ‬‫ﺇﺤﺎﻟﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺠﻭﺏ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻜﺭﻴﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﺭﺁﻥ‬ ‫ﺒﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﻗﺩ‬ ،‫ﺃﻏﺭﺍﻀﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﺒﻥ‬ ‫ﺘﺤﻠﻠﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻤﺨﺘﺼﺔ‬ ‫ﻫﻴﺌﺔ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺸﺎﻋﺔ‬‫ﻤﻌﺎﻟﺠـﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻨﻅﺭﻫﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﺒﻌﺩ‬ ،‫ﺘﺠﺭﺒﺘﻬﻡ‬ ‫ﺒﺤﻜﻡ‬ ‫ﻏﻴﺭﻫﻡ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺃﻗﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻷﻨﻬﻡ‬ ،‫ﺍﻷﻤﺭ‬ ‫ﺃﻭﻟﻲ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺸﺎﻋﺔ‬‫ﻭ‬ ،‫ﺍﻷﻤﺭ‬‫ﻤﻜﺎﻨﺘﻬـﺎ‬ ‫ﻟﻬـﺎ‬ ،‫ﻜﺒﻴـﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺸﺨﺼﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺸﺎﻋﺔ‬ ‫ﺒﺘﻜﺫﻴﺏ‬ ‫ﻴﻘﻭﻡ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﻴﻤﻜﻥ‬:‫ﺃﻭ‬ ،‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴـﺔ‬‫ﻭﺤ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻌﺴﻜﺭﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﺴﻴﺎﺴﻴﺔ‬‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﺩﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﻋﻼﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﺴﺎﺌل‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺃﻜﺜﺭ‬ ‫ﺘﺼﺩﻴﻘﻪ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺱ‬ ‫ﻴﻤﻴل‬ ‫ﻴﻨﺌﺫ‬.٦‫ﻟﺤـﺼﺭﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﺫﻟـﻙ‬ ،‫ﺍﻹﻋـﻼﻡ‬ ‫ﺒﻭﺴﺎﺌل‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺸﺎﻋﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺼﺎﺩﻗﺔ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺭﺃﻱ‬ ‫ﺘﺯﻭﻴﺩ‬ ‫ـ‬‫ﺘﻌﺎﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﻗﺎل‬ ،‫ﻤﻬﺩﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻘﻀﺎﺀ‬:}‫َﻥ‬‫ﺃ‬ ‫ﹸﻭﺍ‬‫ﻨ‬‫ﻴ‬‫ﺒ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﺘ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻓ‬ ٍ‫ﺄ‬‫ﺒ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻨ‬ِ‫ﺒ‬ ‫ﹲ‬‫ﻕ‬ِ‫ﺴ‬‫ﹶﺎ‬‫ﻓ‬ ‫ﻡ‬‫ﹸ‬‫ﻜ‬‫ﺎﺀ‬‫ﺠ‬ ‫ِﻥ‬‫ﺇ‬ ‫ﹸﻭﺍ‬‫ﻨ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ﺁ‬ ‫ﻥ‬‫ِﻴ‬‫ﺫ‬‫ﱠ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﺍ‬ ‫ﺎ‬‫ﻬ‬‫ﻴ‬َ‫ﺃ‬ ‫ﺎ‬‫ﻴ‬ِ‫ﺼ‬‫ﹸ‬‫ﺘ‬‫ﻥ‬‫ِﻴ‬‫ﻤ‬ِ‫ﺩ‬‫ﹶﺎ‬‫ﻨ‬ ‫ﻡ‬‫ﹸ‬‫ﺘ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ﻌ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻓ‬ ‫ﺎ‬‫ﻤ‬ ‫ﹶﻰ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ﻋ‬ ‫ﻭﺍ‬‫ﺤ‬ِ‫ﺒ‬‫ﺼ‬‫ﹸ‬‫ﺘ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻓ‬ ٍ‫ﺔ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﻬ‬‫ﺠ‬ِ‫ﺒ‬ ‫ﹰ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻗ‬ ‫ﻭﺍ‬‫ﺒ‬‫ﻴ‬{)‫ﺍﻵﻴﺔ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﺤﺠﺭﺍﺕ‬:٦(٧‫ـ‬‫ﺃ‬ ‫ﻴﻨﺒﻐﻲ‬‫ﺃﻭ‬ ،‫ﺴـﻠﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻏﻴـﺭ‬ ‫ﻭﻗﺎﺌﻊ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺘﺴﺘﻨﺩ‬ ‫ﺘﺼﺭﻴﺤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﺒﻴﺎﻨﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺒﺈﺼﺩﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺸﺎﻋﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺘﻭﺍﺠﻪ‬ ‫ﻻ‬‫ﺍﻟﺫﻱ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺅﻗﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻼﺝ‬ ‫ﻷﻥ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺸﺎﺌﻌﺎﺕ؛‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﺠﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻭﺍﺠﻬﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻤﺠﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﺩﻗﻴﻘﺔ؛‬ ‫ﻏﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬‫ﻴﺅﺩﻯ‬‫ﺇﻟﻴﻪ‬‫ﺡ‬‫ﺴﻼ‬ ‫ﺫﻟﻙ‬‫ﺤﺩﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺫﻭ‬.‫ﺇﺫ‬‫ﺇﻨﻪ‬‫ﻜﺄﺩﺍﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﺴﺘﺨﺩﻤﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺼﺭﻴﺤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻭﻋﻭﺩ‬ ‫ﺘﺤﻘﻴﻕ‬ ‫ﻋﺩﻡ‬ ‫ﻤﺠﺭﺩ‬‫ﻭﻴـﺸﻴﺭ‬ ،‫ﺍﻹﺸـﺎﻋﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺘﺘﻀﻤﻨﻪ‬ ‫ﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﺼﺩﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﹰ‬‫ﻼ‬‫ﺩﻟﻴ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻭﻗﺕ‬ ‫ﺫﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﻴﺼﺒﺢ‬ ،‫ﺍﻹﺸﺎﻋﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻹﻁﻔﺎﺀ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﻭﻗﻑ‬ ‫ﻤﻌﺎﻟﺠﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺘﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺠﻬﺯﺓ‬ ‫ﻤﻘﺩﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻋﺩﻡ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺃﻴﻀﺎ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﺍ‬.
  • 29. ‫ﺍﻹﺸﺎﻋﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺘﺭﻭﻴﺞ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﻔﺴﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺒﻌﺎﺩ‬‫ﻋﻼﺠﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﺴﺒل‬ ‫ﺍﻹﻋﻼﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﺴﺎﺌل‬ ‫ﻋﺒﺭ‬١٧٣‫ﻭﺍﻟﻤﺼﺎﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﺍﺠﻊ‬:*‫ﺍﻟﻘﺭﺁﻥ‬‫ﺍﻟﻜﺭﻴﻡ‬:}‫ﻥ‬‫ِﻴ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﻌ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﺍ‬ ‫ﺏ‬‫ﺭ‬ ‫ﻥ‬‫ﻤ‬ ٌ‫ل‬‫ِﻴ‬‫ﺯ‬‫ﹶﻨ‬‫ﺘ‬{)‫ﺍﻵﻴﺔ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻭﺍﻗﻌﺔ‬:٨٠(١-‫ﺇﺒﺭﺍﻫﻴﻡ‬ ،‫ﺇﻤﺎﻡ‬)١٩٧٩:(‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻠﻔﺯﻴﻭﻨﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺫﺍﻋﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﻋﻼﻡ‬‫ﻤﺼﺭ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻘﺎﻫﺭﺓ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻌﺭﺒﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﻜﺭ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺭ‬ ،.٢-‫ﻴﻭﺴﻑ‬ ،‫ﺍﻹﺩﺭﻴﺴﻲ‬)١٩٨٩" :(‫ﻭﺘـﺼﻭﺭ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟـﺩﻤﺎﻍ‬ ‫ﻏﺴل‬ ، ‫ﺍﻟﺸﺎﺌﻌﺎﺕ‬ ، ‫ﺍﻟﻨﻔﺴﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺭﺏ‬ ‫ﺃﺴﻠﺤﺔ‬‫ﻤﻨﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻭﻗﺎﻴﺔ‬"‫ﺭ‬ ،‫ﺍﻷﻤﻨﻴـﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺩﺭﺍﺴـﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺭﺒـﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜـﺯ‬ ،‫ﻤﻨـﺸﻭﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻏﻴـﺭ‬ ‫ﻤﺎﺠـﺴﺘﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺴﺎﻟﺔ‬‫ﺍﻟﺴﻌﻭﺩﻴﺔ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﺭﻴﺎﺽ‬ ،‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﺩﺭﻴﺏ‬.٣-‫ﻫﻭﺼﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻋﺩﻴﻡ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﺤﺎﺭﺜﻲ‬)٢٠٠٥:(‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﺘﻤﻊ‬ ‫ﺃﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺸﺎﻋﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﺜﺭ‬،‫ﺍﻟﺭﻴـﺎﺽ‬ ‫ﺠﺭﻴـﺩﺓ‬ ،٢٨‫ﺍﻟﻌﺩﺩ‬ ،‫ﻴﻭﻟﻴﻭ‬١٣٥٤٨‫ﺍﻟﺴﻌﻭﺩﻴﺔ‬ ،.٤-‫ﻤﺤﻤﻭﺩ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﺯﻫﺎﺭ‬)٢٠٠٤:(‫ﺍﻹﻋﻼﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻭﺍﺠﻬﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﺼﻭل‬‫ﻤﺭﻜ‬ ،،‫ﻭﺍﻟﺩﺭﺍﺴـﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺒﺤﻭﺙ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﻭﺭ‬ ‫ﺯ‬‫ﻓﻠﺴﻁﻴﻥ‬ ،‫ﻏﺯﺓ‬.٥-‫ﻨﺎﺼﺭ‬ ‫ﺒﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺭﺤﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻋﺒﺩ‬ ، ‫ﺍﻟﺴﻌﺩﻱ‬)١٩٩٥:(‫ﺍﻟﻤﻨـﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻜـﻼﻡ‬ ‫ﺘﻔﺴﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺭﺤﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺘﻴﺴﻴﺭ‬‫ﺝ‬ ،١،‫ﻟﺒﻨﺎﻥ‬ ،‫ﺒﻴﺭﻭﺕ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻤﺅﻴﺩ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺭ‬.٦-‫ﺃﺤﻤﺩ‬ ،‫ﺒﺩﺭ‬)١٩٨٢:(‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻨﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺩﻋﺎﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﻋﻼﻡ‬ ‫ﺒﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟﺠﻤﺎﻫﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺘﺼﺎل‬،،‫ﺍﻟﻤﻁﺒﻭﻋـﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﻜﺎﻟﺔ‬‫ﺍﻟﻜﻭﻴﺕ‬.٧-‫ﺇﺒﺭﺍﻫﻴﻡ‬ ‫ﺨﻠﻴل‬ ،‫ﺤﺴﻭﻨﺔ‬)٢٠٠١:(‫ﻭﺍﻟﺜﻘﺎﻓﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺭﺏ‬‫ﻁ‬ ،‫ﻭﺍﻟﻨﺸﺭ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻁﺒﺎﻋﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﻘﺩﺍﺩ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺭ‬ ،٢،‫ﻏـﺯﺓ‬ ،‫ﻓﻠﺴﻁﻴﻥ‬.٨-‫ﺇﺒﺭﺍﻫﻴﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺼﻼﺡ‬ ،‫ﺤﻤﺎﺩ‬)٢٠٠٢:(‫ﺇﺴﻼﻤﻲ‬ ‫ﺇﻋﻼﻡ‬ ‫ﻨﺤﻭ‬‫ﻓﻠﺴﻁﻴﻥ‬ ،‫ﻏﺯﺓ‬ ،‫ﺁﻓﺎﻕ‬ ‫ﻤﻜﺘﺒﺔ‬ ،.٩-‫ﺭﻭﻥ‬ ،‫ﺸﻠﻴﻔﺭ‬)٢٠٠٣:(‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﻔﺴﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺭﺏ‬)‫ﺇﺴﺭﺍﺌﻴل‬(‫ﺠﺩﻴﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺍﺴﺔ‬‫ﺒـﻴﻐﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﺭﻜـﺯ‬ ،-‫ﺍ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺍﺴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺴﺘﺭﺍﺘﻴﺠﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺩﺭﺍﺴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺴﺎﺩﺍﺕ‬‫ﺃ‬‫ﺃﻴﻼﻥ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﺭ‬ ‫،ﺠﺎﻤﻌﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻭﺴﻁ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺸﺭﻕ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬.١٠-‫ﺍﻟﻘﺎﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻋﺒﺩ‬ ‫ﻓﺭﺝ‬ ،‫ﻁﻪ‬)٢٠٠٣:(‫ﺍﻟﻨﻔـﺴﻲ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﺤﻠﻴـل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﻔﺱ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻡ‬ ‫ﻤﻭﺴﻭﻋﺔ‬،‫ﻏﺭﻴـﺏ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺭ‬ ،‫ﻤﺼﺭ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻘﺎﻫﺭﺓ‬.١١-‫ﺨﻀﺭ‬ ،‫ﻋﺒﺎﺱ‬)٢٠٠٥: (‫ﺍﻟـﺩﻋﻭﺓ‬ ‫ﻀـﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﻔـﺴﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺤـﺭﺏ‬ ‫ﺍﻟـﺼﻬﻴﻭﻨﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﻋﻼﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﺴﺎﺌل‬‫ﻭﺍﻟﻤﻘﺎﻭ‬،‫ﻟﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﺼﺩﻱ‬ ‫ﻓﻠﺴﻁﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﻤﺔ‬‫ﺍﻟﻌـﺼﺭ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﺘﻐﻴـﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺴﻼﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﻋﻭﺓ‬ ‫ﻤﺅﺘﻤﺭ‬،١٦-١٧‫ﺃﺒﺭﻴل‬٢٠٠٥‫ﺝ‬ ،٢‫ﺍﻹﺴـﻼﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫،ﺍﻟﺠﺎﻤﻌﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺃﺼﻭل‬ ‫ﻜﻠﻴﺔ‬ ،–‫ﺹ‬ ،‫ﻓﻠـﺴﻁﻴﻥ‬ ،‫ﻏـﺯﺓ‬‫ﺹ‬٩٢٧-٩٦٩.١٢-‫ﺍﻟﺴﻴﺩ‬ ‫ﻤﻌﺘﺯ‬ ،‫ﺍﷲ‬ ‫ﻋﺒﺩ‬)١٩٩٧(‫ﻭﺍﻟﺸﺎﺌﻌﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﻔﺴﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺭﺏ‬‫ﻭﺍﻟﻨـﺸﺭ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻁﺒﺎﻋـﺔ‬ ‫ﻏﺭﻴـﺏ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺭ‬ ،‫ﻭﺍﻟ‬‫ﻤﺼﺭ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻘﺎﻫﺭﺓ‬ ،‫ﺘﻭﺯﻴﻊ‬.
  • 30. ‫ﺩ‬.‫ﺍﻟﻬﻤﺹ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﺘﺎﺡ‬ ‫ﻋﺒﺩ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﺩ‬.‫ﺸ‬ ‫ﻓﺎﻴﺯ‬‫ﻠﺩﺍﻥ‬١٧٤١٣-‫ﻤﻲ‬ ،‫ﺍﷲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺒﺩ‬)٢٠٠٥:(‫ﺍﻹﻋﻼﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺭﺏ‬:‫ﺜﻘﺎﻓـﺔ‬ ،‫ﻟﺒﻨـﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻓـﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻘـﺎﻭﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﻋﻼﻡ‬ ‫ﻨﻤﻭﺫﺝ‬، ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻘﺎﻭﻤﺔ‬‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﺸـﺭ‬ ‫ﻓﻴﻼﺩﻟﻔﻴﺎ‬ ‫ﺠﺎﻤﻌﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﺅﺘﻤﺭ‬، ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻔﻨـﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻵﺩﺍﺏ‬ ‫ﻜﻠﻴـﺔ‬ ،٢٥-٢٨‫ﺃﺒﺭﻴـل‬٢٠٠٥‫ﺹ‬ ‫ﺹ‬ ،‫ﺍﻷﺭﺩﻥ‬ ،٥١١-٥١٧.١٤-‫ﺍﻟﻐﻔﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﻋﺒﺩ‬ ‫ﻤﺤﻤﺩ‬ ‫ﺒﻨﺕ‬ ‫ﺠﻬﺎﺩ‬ ،‫ﻋﻠﻲ‬‫ﺒﻌﻨـﻭﺍﻥ‬ ‫،ﻤﻘﺎل‬"‫ﻨـﺼﺭ‬ ‫ﺃﺩﻭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻤـﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﻔـﺴﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤـﺭﺏ‬‫ﺍﻹﺴﻼﻡ‬"http://www.islamlight.net/١٥-‫ﻋﺒﺩﺍﻟﻭﻫﺎﺏ‬ ،‫ﻜﺤﻴل‬)‫ﺩ‬.‫ﺕ‬:(‫ﺍﻹﺴﻼﻡ‬ ‫ﻀﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﻔﺴﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺭﺏ‬‫ﺍﻟﻜﺘﺏ‬ ‫ﻋﺎﻟﻡ‬ ،:‫ﺒﻴﺭﻭﺕ‬.١٦-‫ﻤﺤﻤﺩ‬ ،‫ﻤﺤﺴﻥ‬)١٩٩٧: (‫ﺍﻹﺴـﺭﺍﺌﻴﻠﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﻋﺎﻴـﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﻭﺍﺠﻬـﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻘﺎﻭﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﺩﻋﺎﻴﺔ‬‫ﺍﻟﻔﻜـﺭ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻌﺩﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺭﺒﻲ‬٨٩.١٧-،‫ﻤﺤﻤﺩ‬‫ﻋﻤﺎﺭﺓ‬)١٩٩٨:(‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻲ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻷﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺴﻼﻡ‬‫ﺍﻟﻘﺎﻫﺭﺓ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﺸﺭﻭﻕ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺭ‬ ،.١٨-‫ﺍﷲ‬ ‫ﻋﺒﺩ‬ ‫ﻤﺒﺎﺭﻙ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻤﻔﻠﺢ‬)١٩٩٤" :(‫ﺇﺴـﻼﻤﻲ‬ ‫ﻤﻨﻅـﻭﺭ‬ ‫ﻤـﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺭﺒﻭﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﺨﺎﻁﺭﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺸﺎﻋﺔ‬"،‫ﺍﻷﺭﺩﻥ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻴﺭﻤﻭﻙ‬ ‫ﺠﺎﻤﻌﺔ‬ ،‫ﻤﻨﺸﻭﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻏﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﻤﺎﺠﺴﺘﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺭﺴﺎﻟﺔ‬.١٩-‫ﺍﻟﺩﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺠﻤﺎل‬ ‫ﻤﺤﻤﺩ‬ ، ‫ﻤﺤﻔﻭﻅ‬)‫ﺏ‬.‫ﺕ‬:(‫ﺍ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﻅﺭﻴﺔ‬‫ﺍﻟﻨﻔـﺴﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤـﺭﺏ‬ ‫ﻓـﻲ‬ ‫ﻹﺴﻼﻤﻴﺔ‬،‫ﺍﻻﻋﺘـﺼﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺭ‬ ،‫ﻤﺼﺭ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻘﺎﻫﺭﺓ‬.٢٠-،‫ﺇﺴﻤﺎﻋﻴل‬ ‫ﺒﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﺤﻤﺩ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻤﻐﻴﺭﺓ‬)١٩٨٧(،‫ﺍﻟﺒﺨﺎﺭﻱ‬ ‫ﺼﺤﻴﺢ‬‫ﺍﻟﺤـﺩﻴﺙ‬ ‫ﺭﻗـﻡ‬ ،٢٥٤٤‫ﻜﺘـﺎﺏ‬ ،‫ﺒﺎﺏ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻭﺼﺎﻴﺎ‬:‫ﺘﻌﺎﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﷲ‬ ‫ﻗﻭل‬:‫ﺘﺤﻘﻴﻕ‬ ،‫ﺩﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﺒﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻴﻭﺼﻲ‬ ‫ﻭﺼﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺒﻌﺩ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬:‫ﺍﻟﻌﺯﻴـﺯ‬ ‫ﻋﺒـﺩ‬‫ﺒﻴﺭﻭﺕ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻔﻜﺭ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺭ‬ ،‫ﺒﺎﺯ‬ ‫ﺒﻥ‬.٢١-‫ﺃﺤﻤﺩ‬ ،‫ﻨﻭﻓل‬)١٩٨١:(‫ﺍﻹﺸﺎﻋﺔ‬‫ﻁ‬ ،١‫ﺍﻟﻔﺭﻗﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺭ‬ ،:‫ﻋﻤﺎﻥ‬.٢٢-، ‫ﺍﻟﻘـﺸﻴﺭﻱ‬ ‫ﺤﺠﺎﺝ‬ ‫ﺒﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﺴﻠﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺴﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺃﺒﻭ‬ ،‫ﻤﺴﻠﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﻤﺎﻡ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻨﻴﺴﺎﺒﻭﺭﻱ‬)١٩٥٥(‫ﺼـﺤﻴﺢ‬ ،،‫ﻤﺴﻠﻡ‬‫ﺍﻟﺤـﺩﻴﺙ‬ ‫ﺭﻗﻡ‬٤٦٨٥‫ﺍﻟﻤـﺅﻤﻨﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺘـﺭﺍﺤﻡ‬ ‫ﺒـﺎﺏ‬ ، ‫ﻭﺍﻵﺩﺍﺏ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟـﺼﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒـﺭ‬ ‫ﻜﺘـﺎﺏ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻘﺎ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻌﺭﺒﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻜﺘﺏ‬ ‫ﺇﺤﻴﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺭ‬ ،‫ﻭﺘﻌﺎﻀﺩﻫﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﻌﺎﻁﻔﻬﻡ‬‫ﻤﺼﺭ‬ ،‫ﻫﺭﺓ‬.٢٣-،‫ﺍﻟﻔﻠﺴﻁﻴﻨﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻼﺴﺘﻌﻼﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻬﻴﺌﺔ‬)٢٠٠١:(‫ﻁ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﺴﻨﻭﻱ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻘﺭﻴﺭ‬١.٢٤-،‫ﺍﻟﻔﻠﺴﻁﻴﻨﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻼﺴﺘﻌﻼﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻬﻴﺌﺔ‬)٢٠٠٢:(‫ﻁ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﺴﻨﻭﻱ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻘﺭﻴﺭ‬٢.٢٥-،‫ﻟﻼﺴﺘﻌﻼﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻬﻴﺌﺔ‬)٢٠٠٤(‫ﻁ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﺴﻨﻭﻱ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻘﺭﻴﺭ‬ ،٤.