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الأبعاد النفسية-والاجتماعية-لترويج-الاشاعات
 

الأبعاد النفسية-والاجتماعية-لترويج-الاشاعات

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    الأبعاد النفسية-والاجتماعية-لترويج-الاشاعات الأبعاد النفسية-والاجتماعية-لترويج-الاشاعات Document Transcript

    • 1‫ﺍﻟﺭﺤﻴﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺭﺤﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﷲ‬ ‫ﺒﺴﻡ‬‫ﺒﻌﻨﻭﺍﻥ‬‫ﺍﻹﺸﺎﻋﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺘﺭﻭﻴﺞ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﻔﺴﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺒﻌﺎﺩ‬‫ﺇﺴﻼﻤﻲ‬ ‫ﻤﻨﻅﻭﺭ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻋﻼﺠﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﺴﺒل‬ ‫ﺍﻹﻋﻼﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﺴﺎﺌل‬ ‫ﻋﺒﺭ‬‫ﺇﻋﺩﺍﺩ‬‫ﺍﻟﺩﻜﺘﻭﺭ‬‫ﺍﻟﺩﻜﺘﻭﺭ‬‫ﺍﻟﻬﻤﺹ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻐﻨﻲ‬ ‫ﻋﺒﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﺘﺎﺡ‬ ‫ﻋﺒﺩ‬‫ﺸﻠﺩﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﻜﻤﺎل‬ ‫ﻓﺎﻴﺯ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺎﻋﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﻔﺴﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺼﺤﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﺴﺘﺎﺫ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺎﻋﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺭﺒﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﺼﻭل‬ ‫ﺃﺴﺘﺎﺫ‬‫ﺍﻟﺘﺭﺒﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻜﻠﻴﺔ‬–‫ﺍﻹﺴﻼﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﺎﻤﻌﺔ‬‫ﺍﻟﺘﺭﺒﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻜﻠﻴﺔ‬–‫ﺍﻹﺴﻼﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﺎﻤﻌﺔ‬‫ﻏﺯﺓ‬–‫ﻓﻠﺴﻁﻴﻥ‬‫ﻏﺯﺓ‬–‫ﻓﻠﺴﻁﻴﻥ‬2008/2009PDF created with pdfFactory trial version www.pdffactory.com
    • 2‫ﺍﻟﺒﺤﺙ‬ ‫ﻤﻠﺨﺹ‬:‫ﻫﺩ‬‫ﻓ‬‫ﻫﺫﻩ‬ ‫ﺕ‬‫ﻋﺒﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺸﺎﻋﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺘﺭﻭﻴﺞ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﻔﺴﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺒﻌﺎﺩ‬ ‫ﻋﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻜﺸﻑ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﺭﺍﺴﺔ‬‫ﻭﺴﺎﺌل‬‫ﺍﻷﺴﺎﺴﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺼﺎﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﻋﻼﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﺴﺎﺌل‬ ‫ﺘﻌﺘﺒﺭ‬ ‫ﺤﻴﺙ‬ ،‫ﺇﺴﻼﻤﻲ‬ ‫ﻤﻨﻅﻭﺭ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻋﻼﺠﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﺴﺒل‬ ‫ﺍﻹﻋﻼﻡ‬‫ﺴﻭﺍﺀ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﺠﺎﺭﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺤﺩﺍﺙ‬ ‫ﺤﻴﺎل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﻤﺎﻋﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﺘﺠﺎﻫﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﻘﻭﻡ‬ ،‫ﻤﻭﺍﻗﻔﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻴﺒﻨﻲ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻲ‬ ،‫ﻟﻠﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺔ‬‫ﺍﻟﺠﻤﻬﻭﺭ‬ ‫ﻤﻭﻗﻑ‬ ‫ﺘﺸﻜﻴل‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻠﻤﻭﺱ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﻭﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﻋﻼﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﺴﺎﺌل‬ ‫ﺘﺘﻭﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﻜﻤﺎ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﺭﻓﺽ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟﻘﺒﻭل‬‫ﺍﻟﻘﻀﺎﻴﺎ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺘﻠﻘﻲ‬‫ﻭﺃﻗﺴﻰ‬ ‫ﺃﺸﺩ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺘﻌﺩ‬ ‫ﹰ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﺤﺭﺒ‬ ‫ﹰ‬‫ﺔ‬‫ﺨﺎﺼ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻔﻠﺴﻁﻴﻨﻴﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﹰ‬‫ﺔ‬‫ﻋﺎﻤ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻟﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﻴﻭﺍﺠﻪ‬ ،‫ﻭﺍﻟﺩﻭﻟﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺤﻠﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﺎﺤﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻁﺭﻭﺤﺔ‬‫ﻭﺘﺸﺘﻴﺕ‬ ‫ﺘﻤﺎﺴﻜﻬﻡ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﻴل‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻬﺎﺩﻓﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺸﺎﻋﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺒﺙ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺘﺘﻤﺜل‬ ،‫ﺨﺼﻭﻤﻬﻡ‬ ‫ﻀﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻋﺩﺍﺀ‬ ‫ﻴﺸﻨﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺭﻭﺏ‬‫ﻋﺒﺭ‬ ‫ﻭﺫﻟﻙ‬ ،‫ﺒﻴﻨﻬﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻔﺭﻗﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﺘﻨﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺒﺙ‬ ،‫ﺼﻔﻭﻓﻬﻡ‬‫ﺍﻹﻋﻼﻡ‬ ‫ﻴﻌﺩ‬ ‫ﺤﻴﺙ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻤﺨﺘﻠﻔﺔ‬ ‫ﺒﺄﻨﻭﺍﻋﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺴﻤﻭﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﻋﻼﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﺴﺎﺌل‬‫ﻨﺘﻴﺠﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﺸﻭﻫﺔ؛‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ،‫ﻜﺎﺫﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ،‫ﺤﻘﻴﻘﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺘﻜﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﻗﺩ‬ ‫ﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻴﻘﺩﻤﻪ‬ ‫ﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﺨﻼل‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ل‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﺍﻟﺘﺤ‬ ‫ﻋﻤﻠﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﹰ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﻤﺅﺜﺭ‬ ‫ﹰ‬‫ﻼ‬‫ﻋﺎﻤ‬‫ﺍﻹﻋﻼﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻭﺴﺎﺌل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺘﻘﺒل‬ ‫ﻗﺒل‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻤﺘﻭﺍﺼل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺘﻤﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻌﺭﺽ‬.‫ﺒ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺤﻘﺎﺌﻕ؛‬ ‫ﻋﺭﻀﻪ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺴﻼﻡ‬ ‫ﺯ‬‫ﻴ‬‫ﺘﻤ‬ ‫ﻭﻗﺩ‬‫ﺒﺄﺴﻠﻭﺏ‬ ‫ﻬﺎ‬‫ﺤ‬‫ﻴﻭﻀ‬ ‫ﻭﻻ‬ ،‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﺨﻤﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺩﺱ‬ ‫ﻁﺭﻴﻕ‬ ‫ﻋﻥ‬ ‫ﻴﺜﺒﺘﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻻ‬ ‫ﺄﻨﻪ‬‫ﻭﺍﻟﻤﻐﺎﻟﻁﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺩﻟﻴﺱ‬..‫ﺍﻟﺜﻘﺔ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺅﺩﻱ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺼﺩﻕ‬ ‫ﻭﻋﻠﻰ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻴﻘﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻭﺼل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻡ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺤﻘﺎﺌﻘﻪ‬ ‫ﻴﺒﻨﻲ‬ ‫ﻭﺇﻨﻤﺎ‬‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﺠﻤﻭﻋﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺴﻼﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﻀﻊ‬ ‫ﻭﻗﺩ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺠﺢ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺴﻼﻤﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﻋﻼﻡ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻫﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟﻐﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﺴﺄﻟﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺼﺩﻕ‬ ‫ﻓﺎﻟﺘﺯﺍﻡ‬ ،‫ﻭﺍﻻﻁﻤﺌﻨﺎﻥ‬‫ﺍﻟﺤﻠ‬‫ﻭﺍﻟﻤﺠﺘﻤﻊ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﺃﻀﺭﺍﺭﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺸﺎﻋﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺩ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺘﺴﻬﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻲ‬ ‫ﻭل‬.‫ﺍﺴﺘﺨﺩﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﺭﺍﺴﺔ‬ ‫ﻏﺭﺽ‬ ‫ﻭﻟﺘﺤﻘﻴﻕ‬‫ﺒﻴﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺜﻡ‬ ‫ﺒﻴﺎﻨﺎﺘﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﺤﻠﻴل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﺭﺍﺴﺔ؛‬ ‫ﻤﻭﻀﻭﻉ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻅﺎﻫﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻭﺼﻑ‬ ‫ﻴﺤﺎﻭل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺫﻱ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺤﻠﻴﻠﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻭﺼﻔﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻨﻬﺞ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺎﺤﺜﺎﻥ‬‫ﻭﺍﻵﺜ‬ ‫ﺘﺘﻀﻤﻨﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻲ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻌﻤﻠﻴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺤﻭﻟﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺘﻁﺭﺡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻲ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻵﺭﺍﺀ‬ ‫ﻤﻜﻭﻨﺎﺘﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺒﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻼﻗﺔ‬‫ﺘﺤﺩﺜﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻲ‬ ‫ﺎﺭ‬.Psychological and social dimensions in the promotion of rumors through themedia and remedy from an Islamic perspectiveSummary of research: study aims to uncover the psychological and socialdimensions in the promotion of rumors through the media and remedy from anIslamic perspective, where the media of the main sources of information, which buildsupon the individual positions and groups based on trends of current events, whetheracceptance or rejection , And the media significant role in shaping the publicsrecipient of the issues on the domestic and international arena, facing the world ingeneral and Palestinians in particular war is one of the harshest and most wars wagedby the enemies against their opponents, is to spread rumors aimed at undermining theviability and dispersal of their ranks, broadcasting Sedition and division among them,and through the media of different kinds, poisonous, where the media is a major factorin the transformation process through its information may be true or false or distorted;a result of exposure continued and sustained by the future of the media.Islam Has been marked its presentation of the facts; proven that through intuition andguesswork, and illustrated by way of fraud and chicanery .. But builds on the realitiesof science leads to uncertainty, and the truth that leads to confidence and trust,honesty commitment was crucial in the successful Islamic Information.Islam has developed a set of solutions that contribute to the reduction of rumors anddamage to the individual and society.To achieve the purpose of the study researchers used the descriptive approachanalytical attempt to describe the phenomenon in question; and analysis of dataindicating the relationship between the components and the views put around andprocesses involved and the effects.PDF created with pdfFactory trial version www.pdffactory.com
    • 3‫ﻤﻘـﺩﻤـــﺔ‬:‫ﺍﻟﻨﻔﺴﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺭﺏ‬ ‫ﻭﻭﺴﺎﺌل‬ ‫ﺃﺴﺎﻟﻴﺏ‬ ‫ﺃﻫﻡ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺸﺎﻋﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺘﻌﺩ‬‫ﻭﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ‬‫؛‬‫ﺘـﺴﺘﻌﻤل‬ ‫ﻷﻨﻬـﺎ‬‫ﺍﻟﺴﻠﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﻗﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﻜﺫﻟﻙ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺭﺏ‬ ‫ﻭﻗﺕ‬ ‫ﺒﻔﺎﻋﻠﻴﺔ‬)‫ﺍﻟﺒﺎﺭﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺭﺏ‬(‫ﻋﻭﺍﻁـﻑ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺘﺄﺜﻴﺭﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﺒﺸﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﺘﻤﻴﺯ‬‫ﺍﻟﻜﺒﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﻭﻗﺩﺭﺘﻬﺎ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﺠﻤﺎﻫﻴﺭ‬‫ﻤﻨ‬ ‫ﺘﺒﺩﺃ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻅﻴﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺘﻬﺎ‬ ،‫ﺍﻻﻨﺘﺸﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺓ‬‫ﺫ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﻜﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﺼﻭﻟﻬﺎ‬‫ﺇﻟﻴﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻭﺠﻬﺔ‬.‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﺯﻴﺩ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﻨﻘﻠﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺘﺤﻤﻠﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻭﺴﻴﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺨﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺴﺎﻟﻴﺏ‬ ‫ﻋﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺸﺎﻋﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﺨﺘﻠﻑ‬‫ﻭﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺘﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺤﺩﺘﻬﺎ‬‫ﻓﻤﺎ‬ ،‫ﻨﻔﺴﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺘﻬﺩﻑ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﺘﻤﻊ‬ ‫ﻫﻲ‬‫ﺃ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﺘﻤﻊ‬ ‫ﺃﻓﺭﺍﺩ‬ ‫ﺒﻌﺽ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺸﺎﻋﺔ‬ ‫ﺘﺼل‬ ‫ﻥ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺘﻬ‬‫ﻴﻘ‬ ‫ﺤﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺩﻑ‬‫ﻭﺘﺭﻭﻴﺠﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺒﺭﻭﺍﻴﺘﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﻭﻥ‬‫ﺤﺩ‬ ‫ﻋﻨﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻤﺭ‬ ‫ﻴﻘﺘﺼﺭ‬ ‫ﻻ‬ ‫ﺒل‬ ،‫ﻴﻌﺭﻓﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻜل‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬‫ﻓﻘﻁ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﻘل‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺭﻭﺍﻴﺔ‬‫؛‬‫ﻴـﻀﻴﻑ‬ ‫ﻤـﺎ‬ ‫ﹰ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﻏﺎﻟﺒ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺸﺎﻋﺔ‬ ‫ﻴﻨﻘل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺫﻱ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺸﺨﺹ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻤﺭ‬ ‫ﻴﺘﻌﺩﻯ‬ ‫ﺒل‬‫ﻓﻴﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﻴﺒﺎﻟﻎ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ‬،‫ﻭﺭﺒﻤ‬‫ﺘﻔﺎﺼﻴﻠﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻜﺜﻴﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺃﺠﺯﺍﺀ‬ ‫ﺍﺨﺘﻠﻕ‬ ‫ﺎ‬‫؛‬‫ﺍﻹﺸـﺎﻋﺔ‬ ‫ﻤـﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﺎﺌﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﻴﺠﻌل‬ ‫ﻤﻤﺎ‬‫ﻭﺴﻴﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺃﻗﻭﻯ‬ ‫ﺃﻋﻅﻡ‬‫ﺇﻋﻼﻤﻴﺔ‬‫ﺍﻹﺸﺎﻋﺔ‬ ‫ﻪ‬‫ﺠ‬‫ﻟﻤﻭ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟﻨﺴﺒﺔ‬‫؛‬‫ﺤﻤل‬ ‫ﻗﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺘﻬﺩﻑ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﻤﻬﻭﺭ‬ ‫ﻷﻥ‬‫ﺴـﺎﻋﺩ‬ ‫ﻭﻜﺫﻟﻙ‬ ‫ﻨﻘﻠﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺴﺭﻋﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺴﺎﻋﺩ‬ ‫ﻤﻤﺎ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﺘﻤﻊ‬ ‫ﺃﻓﺭﺍﺩ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻓﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﻜل‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺸﺎﻋﺔ‬ ‫ﻨﻘل‬ ‫ﻋﺏﺀ‬‫ﺍﻟﻔﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﻷﻥ‬ ،‫ﻭﺘﺄﺜﻴﺭﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺘﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺯﻴﺎﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬‫ﻴ‬ ‫ﻗﺩ‬‫ﺼـﺩﻴﻘﻪ‬ ‫ﻤـﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺸﺎﻋﺔ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﻩ‬ ‫ﺴﻤﻊ‬،‫ﺃ‬‫ﺩﺍﺨـل‬ ‫ﻭﻤـﻥ‬‫ﺘﺫﺍﻉ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺸﺎﻋﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻋﻜﺱ‬ ‫ﻭﻫﺫﺍ‬ ،‫ﻤﺠﺘﻤﻌﻪ‬‫ﺍﻟﻭﺴـﺎﺌل‬ ‫ﻷﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺩﻭ‬ ‫ﻭﺼﺤﻑ‬ ‫ﺇﺫﺍﻋﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺘﻨﺸﺭ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬‫ﺍﻟﺠ‬ ‫ﻗﺒل‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺭﻴﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﺸﻙ‬ ‫ﻤﺤل‬ ‫ﺘﻜﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﹰ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﻏﺎﻟﺒ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺩﻭ‬ ‫ﺠﺎﻨﺏ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻜﺸﻭﻓﺔ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺘﻬﺩﻑ‬ ‫ﻤﻬﻭﺭ‬)،‫ﻜﺤﻴل‬‫ﺏ‬.‫ﺕ‬:71(.‫ﻓ‬‫ﻭﺘﻘﻭﻡ‬ ،‫ﻤﻭﺍﻗﻔﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻴﺒﻨﻲ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻲ‬ ،‫ﻟﻠﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺴﺎﺴﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺼﺎﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﻋﻼﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﺴﺎﺌل‬‫ﺍﻷﺤﺩ‬ ‫ﺤﻴﺎل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﻤﺎﻋﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﺘﺠﺎﻫﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ‬‫ﻭﺴﺎﺌل‬ ‫ﺘﺘﻭﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﻜﻤﺎ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﺭﻓﺽ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟﻘﺒﻭل‬ ‫ﺴﻭﺍﺀ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﺠﺎﺭﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﺙ‬‫ﺍﻟﺴﺎﺤﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻁﺭﻭﺤﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﻀﺎﻴﺎ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺘﻠﻘﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﻤﻬﻭﺭ‬ ‫ﻤﻭﻗﻑ‬ ‫ﺘﺸﻜﻴل‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻠﻤﻭﺱ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﻭﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﻋﻼﻡ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﺤﻠﻴﺔ‬،‫ﺃ‬‫ﻭ‬،‫ﺍﻟﺩﻭﻟﻴﺔ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﻋﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻟﻡ‬ ‫ﻴﻭﺍﺠﻪ‬‫ﺘﻜﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﺘﻜﺎﺩ‬ ‫ﹰ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﺤﺭﺒ‬ ‫ﹰ‬‫ﺔ‬‫ﺨﺎﺼ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻔﻠﺴﻁﻴﻨﻴﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﹰ‬‫ﺔ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ﻭﺃﻗﺴﻰ‬ ‫ﺃﺸﺩ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬‫ﺨﺼﻭﻤ‬ ‫ﻀﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻋﺩﺍﺀ‬ ‫ﻴﺸﻨﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺭﻭﺏ‬‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﻴل‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻬﺎﺩﻓﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺸﺎﻋﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺒﺙ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺘﺘﻤﺜل‬ ،‫ﻬﻡ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﺴﻤﻭﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﻋﻼﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﺴﺎﺌل‬ ‫ﻋﺒﺭ‬ ‫ﻭﺫﻟﻙ‬ ،‫ﺒﻴﻨﻬﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻔﺭﻗﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﺘﻨﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺒﺙ‬ ،‫ﺼﻔﻭﻓﻬﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﺸﺘﻴﺕ‬ ‫ﺘﻤﺎﺴﻜﻬﻡ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﺨﺘﻠﻔﺔ‬ ‫ﺒﺄﻨﻭﺍﻋﻬﺎ‬.‫ﻭ‬‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺭﻭﺏ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺸﺎﻋﺔ‬ ‫ﺘﻘﻭﻡ‬‫ﺇﺴﺘﺭﺍﺘﻴﺠﻴﺔ‬‫ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﹰ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﺍﺭﺘﺠﺎﻟﻴـ‬ ‫ﹰ‬‫ﻼ‬‫ﻋﻤ‬ ‫ﻭﻟﻴﺴﺕ‬ ،‫ﻨﻴﻥ‬‫ﻴ‬‫ﻤﻌ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﻜﺘﻴﻙ‬‫ﻓ‬ ‫ﺒﻪ‬ ‫ﻴﻘﻭﻡ‬ ‫ﹰ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﻓﻭﻀﻭﻴ‬ ‫ﹰ‬‫ﻼ‬‫ﻋﻤ‬‫ﻓـﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺸـﺎﻋﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﺴﺘﺨﺩﻡ‬ ،‫ﺒﻌﻴﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﻗﺭﻴﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﻘﺎﺼﺩ‬ ‫ﻟﺘﺤﻘﻴﻕ‬ ‫ﺠﻤﺎﻋﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﺭﺩ‬‫ﺍﻹﺸـﺎﻋﺔ‬ ‫ﺘﺴﺘﺨﺩﻡ‬ ‫ﻜﻤﺎ‬ ،‫ﻻﺴﺘﺨﺩﺍﻤﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﻟﻴل‬ ‫ﺒﻤﺜﺎﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﻴﻜﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﻋﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﻤﻔﻬﻭﻡ‬ ‫ﻀﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﺭﺍﺘﻴﺠﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﺎل‬‫ﺯﻤـﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻓـﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻭﻗﺎﺌﻊ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﻌﻁﻴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺭﺍﻫﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻭﻀﻊ‬ ‫ﻅﺭﻭﻑ‬ ‫ﺘﻘﺘﻀﻲ‬ ‫ﻜﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﺫﻟﻙ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻜﺘﻴﻜﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﺎل‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬‫ﺍﻷﻫﺩﺍ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﺒﻠﻎ‬ ‫ﻟﺘﺼﻴﺏ‬ ‫ﻭﺫﻟﻙ‬ ،‫ﻤﺤﺩﺩﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﻜﺎﻥ‬‫ﺘﺨﻁﺌﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻓﻼ‬ ‫ﺒﺩﻗﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﺴﻭﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﻑ‬.PDF created with pdfFactory trial version www.pdffactory.com
    • 4‫ﻭﺍﻷﺴﺱ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻘﻭﺍﻋﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻨﺎﻫﺞ‬ ‫ﺫﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻨﻀﺒﻁﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻭﻡ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﹰ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﻋﻠﻤ‬ ‫ﺃﺼﺒﺤﺕ‬ ‫ﻓﺎﻹﺸﺎﻋﺔ‬،‫ﻤـﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺇﻥ‬‫ﺘﺤﻘ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﻴﺴﻠﻙ‬ ‫ﻓﺈﻨﻪ‬ ‫ﻭﻟﺫﺍ‬ ،‫ﻟﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﺨﻁﻁ‬ ‫ﻤﺤﺩﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﺃﻫﺩﺍﻑ‬ ‫ﻟﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺸﺎﻋﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﻁﻠﻕ‬‫ﻤـﻥ‬ ‫ﹰ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﻤﻨﻅﻤـ‬ ‫ﹰ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﻁﺭﻴﻘ‬ ‫ﻴﻘﻬﺎ‬‫ﻴ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﺸﺄﻨﻪ‬‫ﺒﺩﻗﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻫﺩﺍﻑ‬ ‫ﻭﻴﺼﻴﺏ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﺍﺩ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺼل‬،‫ﻨﻌﻨﻲ‬ ‫ﻻ‬ ‫ﻭﻟﺫﺍ‬-‫ﺒﻁﺒﻴ‬‫ﺍﻟﺤﺎل‬ ‫ﻌﺔ‬-‫ﺇﺸﺎﻋﺔ‬ ‫ﻜل‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬‫ﻨﻌﻨﻲ‬ ‫ﻭﺇﻨﻤﺎ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻔﻭﻀﻭﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻹﺸﺎﻋﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﻭﻀﻭﻱ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻤل‬ ‫ﻭﺠﻭﺩ‬ ‫ﻨﻨﻔﻲ‬ ‫ﻓﻠﺴﻨﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻔﻜﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺜﺎﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﺒﻬﺫﻩ‬ ‫ﻫﻲ‬‫ﺫﻟﻙ‬ ‫ﺃﻤﻜﻨﻪ‬ ‫ﹰ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﻤﻨﻀﺒﻁ‬ ‫ﹰ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﻭﺍﻀﺤ‬ ‫ﹰ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﻋﻠﻤ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺸﺎﻋﺔ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺍﺴﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﺭﺍﺩ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬)،‫ﻨﻭﻓل‬1981:101.(‫ﻤﺘﻐ‬ ‫ﻭﺃﺨﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺜﺎﺒﺘﺔ‬ ‫ﺨﻁﻭﻁ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻟﻤﻴﺘﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺭﺒﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺘﻨﺎﺯﻋﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻸﻁﺭﺍﻑ‬ ‫ﻜﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﻟﻘﺩ‬‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﻴﺭﺓ‬‫ﺍﻟﻨﻔﺴﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺤﻤﻼﺘﻬﻡ‬‫ﺤﻴﺙ‬ ،‫ﻭﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ‬‫ﻟﻬﻡ‬ ‫ﻜﺎﻥ‬‫ﺇﺴﺘﺭﺍﺘﻴﺠﻴﺘﻬﻡ‬،‫ﻭﺒﻌﺩﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺭﻭﺏ‬ ‫ﺘﻠﻙ‬ ‫ﺇﺒﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﻜﺘﻴﻜﻬﻡ‬"‫ﹰ‬‫ﻼ‬‫ﻤﺜ‬ ‫ﻓﺒﺭﻴﻁﺎﻨﻴﺎ‬‫ﻋﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺃﻨﺸﺄﺕ‬)1918‫ﻡ‬(‫ﺍﻟﻠﻭﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﺒﺭﺌﺎﺴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺩﻭ‬ ‫ﻀﺩ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺩﻋﺎﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﹰ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﻗﺴﻤ‬)‫ﻨﻭﺭﺜﻜﻠﻴﻑ‬(،‫ﺍﻷﻤﺭﻴﻜﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺭﺌﻴﺱ‬ ‫ﺃﻤﺭ‬ ‫ﻜﻤﺎ‬)‫ﻭﻟﺴﻭﻥ‬(‫ﺭﺌﺎﺴﺔ‬ ‫ﺘﺤﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻼﺴﺘﻌﻼﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﻜﺘﺏ‬ ‫ﺒﺈﻨﺸﺎﺀ‬)‫ﺠـ‬‫ﻭﺭﺝ‬‫ﺴﺭﻴل‬(‫ﺃﺴـﻘﻁ‬ ‫ﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﺒﻠﻎ‬ ‫ﻭﻗﺩ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﺘﺠﺎﺭﻱ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﻋﻼﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺘﺨﻠﺼﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺨﺒﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﻔﺎﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﺃﺴﺎﺱ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﻨﻁﺎﺩ‬ ‫ﺒﻭﺍﺴﻁﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﻟﻤﺎﻨﻴﺎ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻤﻨﺸﻭﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬)‫ﺍﻟﺒﺎﻟﻭﻥ‬) (5.360.000(‫ﺨﻼ‬ ‫ﻤﻨﺸﻭﺭ‬‫ﺃﻜﺘـﻭﺒﺭ‬ ‫ل‬-‫ﻋﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻭل‬ ‫ﺘﺸﺭﻴﻥ‬1918‫ﻡ‬)‫ﻨﻭﻓل‬،1981:103(.‫ﻭ‬‫ﻋﻠﻴﻪ‬ ‫ﻗﺎﻤﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﺍ‬‫ﹼ‬‫ﻁ‬‫ﺍﻟﺨ‬‫ﺔ‬‫ﺍﻹﺴﺘﺭﺍﺘﻴﺠﻴﺔ‬‫ﻟﻺﻋﻼﻡ‬‫ﺍﻹﺴﺭﺍﺌﻴﻠﻲ‬‫ﻗﺎﻋﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺀ‬‫ﺒﻨﺎ‬)‫ﺭ‬‫ﻓ‬‫ﺘﺴﺩ‬ ‫ﻕ‬(،‫ﺒﺩﺃ‬ ‫ﺤﻴﺙ‬‫ﻭﻜـﺎﻥ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻁﺎﺌﻔﻴـﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﻗﻠﻴﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻨﺼﺭﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﻭﺘﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻌﺯﻑ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻔﺭﻗﺔ‬ ‫ﻫﺩﻑ‬ ‫ﹰ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﻭﺍﻀﺤ‬‫ﻋﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺤﺭﺒﻪ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﹰ‬‫ﻼ‬‫ﻓﻤﺜ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﺨﻁﺔ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﻩ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻴﻌﺘﻤﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺭﺏ‬ ‫ﻤﻊ‬ ‫ﺤﺭﻭﺒﻪ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺩﻭ‬)1982(‫ﻟﺒﻨـﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬‫ﻟ‬ ‫ﺒﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺴﻠﻤﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺼﻔﻭﻑ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻔﺭﻗﺔ‬ ‫ﺤﺎﻭل‬ ‫ﺤﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺨﻁﺔ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﻩ‬ ‫ﺘﺠﻠﺕ‬‫ﻭﺤـﺎﻭل‬ ،‫ﻭﻓﻠﺴﻁﻴﻨﻴﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺒﻨﺎﻨﻴﻴﻥ‬‫ﻴﻜـﻥ‬ ‫ﻟﻡ‬ ‫ﺇﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻗل‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺘﺤﻴﻴﺩﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﻤﺂﺭﺒﻪ‬ ‫ﻟﺘﺤﻘﻴﻕ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﻭﻅﻴﻔﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻟﺒﻨﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺩﻴﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻗﻠﻴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﺴﺘﻐﻼل‬‫ﻜﺴﺒﻬﺎ‬.‫ﺨﻁﺔ‬ ‫ﻫﻨﺎﻙ‬ ‫ﻜﺎﻨﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺨﻁﺔ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﻩ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻹﻀﺎﻓﺔ‬‫ﺇﺴﺘﺭﺍﺘﻴﺠﻴﺔ‬‫ﺍﻟﺠﻨﺩﻱ‬ ‫ﻕ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﺘﻔ‬ ‫ﺇﺸﺎﻋﺔ‬ ‫ﻫﻲ‬ ‫ﺃﺨﺭﻯ‬‫ﺍﻟﻨﺼﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﺤﺘﻤﺎل‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻴﺄﺱ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺭﺒﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﻨﺩﻱ‬ ‫ﱡﻑ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ﻭﺘﺨ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺴﺭﺍﺌﻴﻠﻲ‬...‫ﺍﻟﺨـﻁ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﺍ‬ ‫ﺘﺤﻘﻴﻕ‬ ‫ﺴﺒﻴل‬ ‫ﻭﻓﻲ‬‫ﺍﻟﺘﻜﺘﻴﻜ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻹﺸﺎﻋﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻷﺭﺍﺠﻴﻑ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺨﺒﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﻴﻠﺠﺄ‬ ‫ﻜﺎﻥ‬‫ﺍﻟﺨﻁـﺔ‬ ‫ﺘﺨـﺩﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘـﻲ‬ ‫ﻴﺔ‬‫ﺍﻹﺴـﺘﺭﺍﺘﻴﺠﻴﺔ‬،‫ﺨﻁﺏ‬ ‫ﺨﺎﺼﺔ‬ ،‫ﺇﺴﺭﺍﺌﻴل‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺎﻜﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﻭﺍﺌﺭ‬ ‫ﺨﻁﺏ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺘﺒﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﻗﺩ‬)‫ﺇﻴﺒﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺃﺒﺎ‬(‫ﺍﻟﺨﺎﺭﺠﻴـﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺯﻴـﺭ‬‫ﺍﻷﺴﺒﻕ‬،‫ﺇﺸﺎﻋﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻴﻘﻭﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺴﺭﺍﺌﻴﻠﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﻋﺎﺌﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻜﺘﻴﻙ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﺃﺴﺎﺱ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺘﻘﻭﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻲ‬‫ﻭﺍﻷﻤل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻴﺄﺱ‬‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻤﻘﺩﺭﺘﻬﻡ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﹰ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﺘﻤﺎﻤ‬ ‫ﻴﺎﺌﺴﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺭﺏ‬ ‫ﺘﺠﻌل‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﺇﺴﺭﺍﺌﻴل‬ ‫ﻭﺍﺠﺏ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﻴﻘﻭل‬ ‫ﻓﻬﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺭﺏ‬ ‫ﻨﻔﻭﺱ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬‫ﺭﻭﺡ‬ ‫ﺇﺸـﺎﻋﺔ‬ ‫ﺇﻟـﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺴﺭﺍﺌﻴﻠﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﻋﺎﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺘﺴﻌﻰ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻭﻗﺕ‬ ‫ﻨﻔﺱ‬ ‫ﻭﻓﻲ‬ ،‫ﺍﻹﺴﺭﺍﺌﻴﻠﻲ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺠﻴﺵ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺼﺩﻱ‬‫ﺒﺎﻷﻟﻔﺎﻅ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻼﻋﺏ‬ ‫ﻴﻜﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﻫﻜﺫﺍ‬ ،‫ﺇﺴﺭﺍﺌﻴل‬ ‫ﻤﻊ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﻼﻡ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻭﺼﻭل‬ ‫ﺤﻭل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺭﺏ‬ ‫ﻨﻔﻭﺱ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻤل‬،‫ﻭﺍﺤﺩ‬ ‫ﻭﻗﺕ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺘﻨﺎﻗﻀﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻜﺘﻴﻜﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﺴﺘﺨﺩﺍﻡ‬)،‫ﺇﻤﺎﻡ‬1979:333.(PDF created with pdfFactory trial version www.pdffactory.com
    • 5‫ﻫ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬‫ﻨﺎ‬‫ﺘﺘﻀﺢ‬‫ﺍﻟﺠـﺯﺀ‬ ‫ﻋﻼﻗـﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﻫـﻲ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻨﻔﺴﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺤﺭﺏ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺸﺎﻋﺔ‬ ‫ﺒﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻭﻁﻴﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻼﻗﺔ‬‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤـﺎﻉ‬ ‫ﻋﻠـﻡ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻤﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﺍﺘﻔﻕ‬ ‫ﻭﻗﺩ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻜل‬ ‫ﺒﻤﺜﺎﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﻔﺴﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺤﺭﺏ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﺯﺀ‬ ‫ﺒﻤﺜﺎﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﺎﻹﺸﺎﻋﺔ‬ ،‫ﺒﺎﻟﻜل‬‫ﻭﺍﻟﺒﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻤﺨﺘﺼﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﻔﺱ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻡ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻤﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﻭﻜﺫﻟﻙ‬‫ﺃﺤـﺩ‬ ‫ﺘﻌـﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺸﺎﻋﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﺎل‬ ‫ﻫﺫﺍ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺤﺜﻭﻥ‬‫ﺃﺴﺎﻟﻴﺒﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺃﺴﻠﻭﺏ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺸﺎﻋﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﻔﺴﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺭﺏ‬ ‫ﻜﺘﺏ‬ ‫ﺠﻤﻴﻊ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﻭﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﻓﻘﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﻔﺴﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺭﺏ‬ ‫ﺃﺴﺎﻟﻴﺏ‬‫ﻭﺴ‬ ‫ﻫﻲ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬‫ﻴ‬‫ﺍﻟﻔـﺘﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻓﺘﻌـﺎل‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﻤﺎﻍ‬ ‫ﻭﻏﺴل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﻋﺎﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﺜل‬ ‫ﺫﻟﻙ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﻤﺜﻠﻬﺎ‬ ،‫ﻭﺴﺎﺌﻠﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺃﻗﻭﻯ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻠﺔ‬‫ﻭﺍﻷﺯﻤﺎ‬‫ﺍﻟﻜﺜﻴﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺴﺎﻟﻴﺏ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺫﻟﻙ‬ ‫ﻭﻏﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺕ‬)،‫ﺍﻟﻤﻔﻠﺢ‬1994:60.(‫ﺩﺭﺍﺴﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﻜﺩﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﻫﺫﺍ‬)،‫ﻋﺒﺎﺱ‬2005(‫ﺍﻟﺩﻋﻭﺓ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﻔﺴﻲ‬ ‫ﻭﺃﺜﺭﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺸﺎﻋﺔ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﺭ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬‫ﻓﻠﺴﻁﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻤﻘﺎﻭﻤﺔ‬،‫ﺩﺭﺍﺴﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﻜﺫﻟﻙ‬)‫ﺍﻟﻌﺒﺩ‬،‫ﺍﷲ‬2005(‫ﺍﻟﺤﺭﺏ‬ ‫ﺨﻁﻭﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺃﻜﺩﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻲ‬‫ﺍﻟﻨﻔﺴﻴﺔ‬‫ﻭﺃﻓﺭﺍﺩﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﺘﻤﻊ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬‫ﺘﻭﺠﻪ‬ ‫ﻤﺘﻌﺩﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﻭﺴﺎﺌل‬ ‫ﺘﺴﺘﺨﺩﻡ‬ ‫ﻷﻨﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺴﻜﺭﻴﺔ؛‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺭﺏ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺃﻜﺜﺭ‬‫ﺃﻋﺼ‬ ‫ﺘﺄﺜﻴﺭﻫﺎ‬‫ﻭﻭﺠﺩﺍﻨﻬﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﻌﻨﻭﻴﺎﺘﻬﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺱ‬ ‫ﺎﺏ‬.‫ﻭ‬‫ﻗﺩ‬‫ﺯ‬‫ﻴ‬‫ﺘﻤ‬‫ﻋﺭﻀ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺴﻼﻡ‬‫ﻪ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﻠﺤﻘﺎﺌﻕ‬‫؛‬‫ﻭﻻ‬ ،‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﺨﻤﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺩﺱ‬ ‫ﻁﺭﻴﻕ‬ ‫ﻋﻥ‬ ‫ﻴﺜﺒﺘﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻻ‬ ‫ﺒﺄﻨﻪ‬‫ﺤ‬‫ﻴﻭﻀ‬‫ﻭﺍﻟﻤﻐﺎﻟﻁﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺩﻟﻴﺱ‬ ‫ﺒﺄﺴﻠﻭﺏ‬ ‫ﻬﺎ‬..‫ﻭﺇ‬،‫ﺍﻟﻴﻘﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻭﺼل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻡ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺤﻘﺎﺌﻘﻪ‬ ‫ﻴﺒﻨﻲ‬ ‫ﻨﻤﺎ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬‫ﻭﺍﻻﻁﻤﺌﻨﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺜﻘﺔ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺅﺩﻱ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺼﺩﻕ‬،‫ﺒﺎﻟﻐﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﺴﺄﻟﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺼﺩﻕ‬ ‫ﻓﺎﻟﺘﺯﺍﻡ‬،‫ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺠﺢ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﻋﻼﻡ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻫﻤﻴﺔ‬‫ﺍﻟﻘﺭﺁﻥ‬ ‫ﻡ‬‫ﺫ‬ ‫ﻭﻟﻘﺩ‬‫ﻋﻠﻡ‬ ‫ﺒﻐﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﻴﻘﻭﻟﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺫﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻜﺭﻴﻡ‬‫ﺘﻌﺎﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺒﻘﻭﻟﻪ‬:﴿‫ﻥ‬‫ﹸﻭ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﹸﻭ‬‫ﻘ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﺘ‬‫ﻭ‬ ‫ﻡ‬‫ﹸ‬‫ﻜ‬‫ﺘ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻨ‬‫ﺴ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻟ‬َ‫ﺄ‬‫ﹺ‬‫ﺒ‬ ‫ﻪ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻨ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﱠ‬‫ﻘ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﺘ‬ ‫ﹾ‬‫ﺫ‬ِ‫ﺇ‬‫ﻡ‬‫ﻴ‬‫ﻅ‬‫ﻋ‬ ‫ﻪ‬‫ﱠ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ﺍﻟ‬ ‫ﺩ‬‫ﻨ‬‫ﻋ‬ ‫ﻭ‬‫ﻫ‬‫ﻭ‬ ‫ﹰ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﻨ‬‫ﻴ‬‫ﻫ‬ ‫ﻪ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻨ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﺒ‬‫ﺴ‬‫ﺤ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﺘ‬‫ﻭ‬ ‫ﻡ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ﻋ‬ ‫ﻪ‬‫ﹺ‬‫ﺒ‬ ‫ﹸﻡ‬‫ﻜ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻟ‬ ‫ﺱ‬‫ﻴ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻟ‬ ‫ﺎ‬‫ﻤ‬ ‫ﹸﻡ‬‫ﻜ‬‫ﻫ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻓ‬َ‫ﺄ‬‫ﹺ‬‫ﺒ‬﴾)‫ﺍﻟﻨﻭﺭ‬:15(‫ﻜﻤﺎ‬ ،‫ﻭﺭﺩ‬‫ﻓﻲ‬‫ﻓ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻨﺒﻭﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﹼﺔ‬‫ﻨ‬‫ﺍﻟﺴ‬‫ﻌﻥ‬‫ﻋﺎﺼﻡ‬ ‫ﺒﻥ‬ ‫ﺤﻔﺹ‬‫ﻗﺎل‬ ‫ﻋﻨﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﷲ‬ ‫ﺭﻀﻲ‬:‫ﻗﺎل‬‫ﻋﻠﻴﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﷲ‬ ‫ﺼﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﷲ‬ ‫ﺭﺴﻭل‬‫ﻭﺴﻠﻡ‬" :‫ﹰ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﻜﺫﺒ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟﻤﺭﺀ‬ ‫ﻜﻔﻰ‬‫ﺴﻤﻊ‬ ‫ﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﺒﻜل‬ ‫ﺙ‬‫ﺩ‬‫ﻴﺤ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬")‫ﻤﺴﻠﻡ‬ ‫ﺼﺤﻴﺢ‬1/310:6(.،‫ﺍﻟﻨـﺎﺱ‬ ‫ﺒﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻔﺘﻨﺔ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺭﺃﻱ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﻀﻠﻴل‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻓﻜﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﺒﻠﺒﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻀﺎﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺁﺜﺎﺭﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﻟﻺﺸﺎﻋﺔ‬‫ﺃﺸﺎ‬ ‫ﻜﻤﺎ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﺒﺭﻱﺀ‬ ‫ﺴﻤﻌﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﺸﻭﻴﻪ‬‫ﺍﻟﺭﺴﻭل‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺸﺭﻜﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﻉ‬-‫ﻭﺴـﻠﻡ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻴﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﷲ‬ ‫ﺼﻠﻰ‬-‫ﺒﺄﻨـﻪ‬‫ﹸ‬‫ﻗ‬ ‫ﺃﻨﻪ‬ ‫ﺩ‬‫ﺤ‬‫ﹸ‬‫ﺍ‬ ‫ﻏﺯﻭﺓ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺃﺸﺎﻋﻭﺍ‬ ‫ﻭﻜﻤﺎ‬ ،‫ﻤﺠﻨﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﻜﺎﻫﻥ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﺸﺎﻋﺭ‬ ‫ﻭﺃﻨﻪ‬ ،‫ﱠﺍﺏ‬‫ﺫ‬‫ﻜ‬ ‫ﺴﺎﺤﺭ‬‫ـ‬‫ﺘ‬‫ﻟﺘـﻀﻠﻴل‬ ‫ل‬‫ﺃﺼﺤﺎﺒﻪ‬.‫ﺍﻟﻜﺎﺫﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺸﺎﻋﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﺨﺘﻼﻕ‬ ‫ﻋﻥ‬ ‫ﻴﺭﻀﻰ‬ ‫ﻻ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻹﺴﻼﻡ‬‫؛‬‫ﹰ‬‫ﻼ‬‫ﻭﺘـﻀﻠﻴ‬ ‫ﻭﻓﺘﻨـﺔ‬ ‫ﹰ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﻀﺭﺭ‬ ‫ﻓﻴﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻷﻥ‬‫ﺘﻌﺎﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﻗﻭﻟﻪ‬ ‫ﺫﻟﻙ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﻥ‬ ،‫ﻟﻠﻨﺎﺱ‬:﴿‫ﻴ‬ ‫ﺎ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ﱠ‬‫ﻨ‬ِ‫ﺇ‬‫ﻡ‬‫ـ‬‫ﻫ‬ ‫ﻙ‬ِ‫ﺌ‬‫ﻟـ‬‫ﻭ‬ُ‫ﺃ‬‫ﻭ‬ ‫ﻪ‬‫ﹼ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ﺍﻟ‬ ‫ﺕ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﻴ‬‫ﹺﺂ‬‫ﺒ‬ ‫ﻥ‬‫ﹸﻭ‬‫ﻨ‬‫ﻤ‬ْ‫ﺅ‬‫ﻴ‬ ‫ﹶ‬‫ﻻ‬ ‫ﻥ‬‫ﻴ‬‫ﺫ‬‫ﱠ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﺍ‬ ‫ﺏ‬‫ﺫ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻜ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﺍ‬ ‫ﹺﻱ‬‫ﺭ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﺘ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻔ‬‫ﻥ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﺒ‬‫ﺫ‬‫ﹶﺎ‬‫ﻜ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﺍ‬﴾)‫ﺍﻟﻨﺤل‬:105(،‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﺠﻔﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻋﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﻗﻭﻟﻪ‬:﴿‫ﻠ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ﻌ‬‫ﻥ‬‫ﻴ‬‫ﻨ‬‫ﻭ‬ۖ‫َﻴ‬‫ﺃ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻨ‬‫ﹸﻭ‬‫ﻔ‬‫ﻘ‬‫ﹸ‬‫ﺜ‬ ‫ﺎ‬‫ﻤ‬ٓ‫ﹶ‬‫ﺘ‬ ‫ﹾ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﹸﻭ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ﱢ‬‫ﺘ‬‫ﹸ‬‫ﻗ‬‫ﻭ‬ ‫ﹾ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﹸﻭ‬‫ﺫ‬‫ﺨ‬ُ‫ﺃ‬ ‫ﹾ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﻘ‬‫ﹰ‬‫ﻼ‬‫ﻴ‬‫ﺘ‬۟﴾)‫ﺍﻷﺤﺯﺍﺏ‬:61(.‫ﺍﻟ‬ ‫ﻴﺸﻴﻊ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺒﺘﻔﺴﻴﻕ‬ ‫ﺡ‬‫ﺭ‬‫ﺼ‬ ‫ﻗﺩ‬ ‫ﻭﺠل‬ ‫ﻋﺯ‬ ‫ﺍﷲ‬ ‫ﺇﻥ‬ ‫ﺒل‬‫ﺴﺒﺤﺎﻨﻪ‬ ‫ﻗﺎل‬ ‫ﺤﻴﺙ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺱ‬ ‫ﺒﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻜﺫﺏ‬:﴿‫ﻡ‬‫ﹸ‬‫ﺘ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ﻌ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻓ‬ ‫ﺎ‬‫ﻤ‬ ‫ﹶﻰ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ﻋ‬ ‫ﻭﺍ‬‫ﺤ‬‫ﹺ‬‫ﺒ‬‫ﺼ‬‫ﹸ‬‫ﺘ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻓ‬ ‫ﺔ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﻬ‬‫ﺠ‬‫ﹺ‬‫ﺒ‬ ‫ﺎ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻗ‬ ‫ﻭﺍ‬‫ﺒ‬‫ﻴ‬‫ﺼ‬‫ﹸ‬‫ﺘ‬ ‫ﻥ‬َ‫ﺃ‬ ‫ﹸﻭﺍ‬‫ﻨ‬‫ﻴ‬‫ﺒ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﺘ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻓ‬ ‫ﻕ‬‫ﺴ‬‫ﹶﺎ‬‫ﻓ‬ ‫ﻡ‬‫ﹸ‬‫ﻜ‬‫ﺎﺀ‬‫ﺠ‬ ‫ﻥ‬ِ‫ﺇ‬ ‫ﹸﻭﺍ‬‫ﻨ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ﺁ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺫﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻬﺎ‬‫ﻴ‬‫ﺃ‬ ‫ﻴﺎ‬‫ﻥ‬‫ﻴ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ﺩ‬‫ﹶﺎ‬‫ﻨ‬﴾)‫ﺍﻟﺤﺠﺭﺍﺕ‬:6(.‫ﻓ‬‫ﻭﺍﺴﺘﺨ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻴﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻟﺠﺄ‬ ‫ﻭﻗﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺎﺭﻴﺦ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺠﺫﻭﺭ‬ ‫ﻟﻪ‬ ‫ﺒل‬ ،‫ﻋﻬﺩ‬ ‫ﺤﺩﻴﺙ‬ ‫ﹰ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﻤﺭﻀ‬ ‫ﻟﻴﺴﺕ‬ ‫ﺎﻹﺸﺎﻋﺔ‬‫ﺩﻤﻬﺎ‬:‫ﺍﷲ‬ ‫ﺼﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﺒﻲ‬ ‫ﻋﻬﺩ‬ ‫ﻓﻔﻲ‬ ،‫ﻭﻏﻴﺭﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺭﺏ‬ ‫ﺤﺎﻟﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻘﺎﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺩﻭل‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺴﺎﺴﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺠﻤﺎﻋﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻓﺭﺍﺩ‬PDF created with pdfFactory trial version www.pdffactory.com
    • 6‫ﻭﺍﻟﻜﻬ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺴﺤﺭ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟﻜﺫﺏ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺸﺭﻜﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﺘﻬﻤﻪ‬ ،‫ﻗﻠﻨﺎ‬ ‫ﻜﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﺴﻠﻡ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻴﻪ‬،‫ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺱ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺫﻟﻙ‬ ‫ﻭﺃﺸﺎﻋﻭﺍ‬ ‫ﺎﻨﺔ‬‫ﻭﻤﻨﻬﺎ‬‫ﺍ‬ ‫ﺒﻨﺕ‬ ‫ﻋﺎﺌﺸﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﻴﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺘﻭل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺅﻤﻨﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺃﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺩﻴﻨﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻤﺭﺠﻔﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻨﺎﻓﻘﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﺒﻪ‬ ‫ﺭﻤﻰ‬ ‫ﻤﺎ‬‫ﻟـﺼﺩﻴﻕ‬‫ﺍﻟﺸﻬﻴﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﻓﻙ‬ ‫ﺤﺎﺩﺜﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺒﻜﺭ‬ ‫ﺃﺒﻲ‬.‫ﻜﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﺎ‬‫ﻨﺎﻫﻴﻙ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺴﻼﻤﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﺘﻤﻊ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺨﻁﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺘﺄﺜﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻟﻬﺎ‬‫ﺍﻟﻨﻔﺴﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺄﺜﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﻋﻥ‬.‫ﺒﻘﻭﻟـﻪ‬ ‫ﻭﻓﻀﺤﻬﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻨﺎﻓﻘﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺃﻟﺴﻨﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﷲ‬ ‫ﻓﻘﻁﻊ‬:﴿‫ﻥ‬‫ﹶـ‬‫ﻅ‬ ‫ﻩ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ﹸ‬‫ﺘ‬‫ﻌ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ـ‬‫ﺴ‬ ‫ﹾ‬‫ﺫ‬ِ‫ﺇ‬ ‫ﹶـﺎ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻟ‬ِ‫ﺇ‬ ‫ﹶﺍ‬‫ﺫ‬‫ﻫ‬ ‫ﹸﻭﺍ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﹶﺎ‬‫ﻗ‬‫ﻭ‬ ‫ﺍ‬‫ﺭ‬‫ﻴ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﺨ‬ ‫ﻡ‬‫ﹺ‬‫ﻬ‬‫ﺴ‬‫ﹸ‬‫ﻔ‬‫َﻨ‬‫ﺄ‬‫ﹺ‬‫ﺒ‬ ‫ﹸ‬‫ﺕ‬‫ﹶﺎ‬‫ﻨ‬‫ﻤ‬ْ‫ﺅ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﻭ‬ ‫ﻥ‬‫ﹸﻭ‬‫ﻨ‬‫ﻤ‬ْ‫ﺅ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﻥ‬‫ﹺﻴ‬‫ﺒ‬‫ﻤ‬ ‫ﻙ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻓ‬﴾)‫ﺍﻟﻨﻭﺭ‬:12(.‫ﻟﺫﻟﻙ‬‫ﺘ‬‫ﻭﻗﺘ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﻋﻼﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﺴﺎﺌل‬ ‫ﺴﺘﺤﻭﺫ‬‫ﻭﺍﻨﺘﺒﺎﻫﻨ‬ ‫ﺍﻫﺘﻤﺎﻤﻨﺎ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺎﻀﺭ‬ ‫ﻨﺎ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﺘﺤﺎﺼﺭﻨﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﻜﺎﺩ‬ ،‫ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﻨﺸﺎﻫﺩﻩ‬ ‫ﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﻟﻤﻀﺎﻤﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻋﺭﻀﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﺼﺒﺤﻨﺎ‬ ‫ﺇﺫ‬ ،‫ﺍﻷﻭﻗﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺠﻤﻴﻊ‬ ‫ﻭﻓﻲ‬ ،‫ﺇﻟﻴﻪ‬ ‫ﻨﺫﻫﺏ‬ ‫ﻤﻜﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻜل‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬‫ﹰ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﻴﻭﻤﻴ‬ ‫ﻨﻘﺭﺃﻩ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﻨﺴﻤﻌﻪ‬‫ﺍﻟﻭﺴﺎﺌل‬ ‫ﻫﺫﻩ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬.‫ﻫﻨﺎ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬‫ﻫﺫ‬ ‫ﻓﻜﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻨﺒﺜﻘﺕ‬‫ﻩ‬‫ﺍﻟ‬‫ﺩﺭﺍﺴﺔ‬‫ﹼﻬ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ﻋ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﺘ‬‫ﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺭﺒﻭﻱ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺩﺏ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﹰ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﺸﻴﺌ‬ ‫ﻀﻴﻑ‬‫ﺘ‬‫ﺒﺸﻜل‬ ‫ﺴﺎﻫﻡ‬‫ﺒﺘﺭﺴﻴﺦ‬ ‫ﻟﻼﺭﺘﻘﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﺠﺎﺩ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﺨﺘﻠﻔﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻤﻔﺎﻫﻴﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻓﻜﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﻁﺭﺡ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻤﻭﻀﻭﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺼﺎﺩﻗﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻜﻠﻤﺔ‬.‫ﺍﻟﺩﺭﺍﺴﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﺸﻜﻠﺔ‬:‫ﺍﻟﺘﺎﻟﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺭﺌﻴﺱ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﺅﺍل‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﺭﺍﺴﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﺸﻜﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﺘﺘﺤﺩﺩ‬:‫ﺍﻹ‬ ‫ﻭﺴﺎﺌل‬ ‫ﻋﺒﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺸﺎﻋﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺘﺭﻭﻴﺞ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﻔﺴﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺒﻌﺎﺩ‬ ‫ﻤﺎ‬‫ﻋﻼﻡ‬‫؟‬‫ﺍﻟﺘﺎﻟﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﺭﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺴﺌﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺭﺌﻴﺱ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﺅﺍل‬ ‫ﻋﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﻴﻨﺒﺜﻕ‬:1-‫ﺍﻟﻨﻔﺴﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺒﻌﺎﺩ‬ ‫ﻤﺎ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ‬‫ﺍﻹﻋﻼﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﺴﺎﺌل‬ ‫ﻋﺒﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺸﺎﻋﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺘﺭﻭﻴﺞ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬‫ﺍﻟﻔﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬‫؟‬2-‫ﻤﺎ‬‫ﻭﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﻔﺴﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺒﻌﺎﺩ‬‫ﺍﻹﻋﻼﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﺴﺎﺌل‬ ‫ﻋﺒﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺸﺎﻋﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺘﺭﻭﻴﺞ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﺘﻤﻊ‬‫؟‬3-‫ﺍﻟﺭﺅﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﺎ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﻘﺘﺭﺤﺔ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﺍﻹﺸﺎﻋﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺘﺭﻭﻴﺞ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻠﺤﺩ‬‫ﻤﻨﻅﻭﺭ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﻋﻼﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﺴﺎﺌل‬ ‫ﻋﺒﺭ‬‫ﺇﺴﻼﻤﻲ‬‫؟‬‫ﺍﻟﺩﺭﺍﺴﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﻫﺩﺍﻑ‬:‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﺭﺍﺴﺔ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﻩ‬ ‫ﻫﺩﻓﺕ‬:1-‫ﺍﻟﻜﺸﻑ‬‫ﻭﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﻔﺴﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺒﻌﺎﺩ‬ ‫ﻋﻥ‬‫ﺍﻹﺸﺎﻋﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺘﺭﻭﻴﺞ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬‫ﺍﻟﻔﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬.2-‫ﺍ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﺘﻤﻊ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺸﺎﻋﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺘﺭﻭﻴﺞ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﻔﺴﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺒﻌﺎﺩ‬ ‫ﻋﻥ‬ ‫ﻟﻜﺸﻑ‬.3-‫ﺭ‬‫ﺍﻟﺘﻌ‬‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻑ‬‫ﺍﻟﺭﺅﻴﺔ‬‫ﻟ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻘﺘﺭﺤﺔ‬‫ﺍﻹﺸﺎ‬ ‫ﺘﺭﻭﻴﺞ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻠﺤﺩ‬‫ﻋﺎﺕ‬‫ﺇﺴﻼﻤﻲ‬ ‫ﻤﻨﻅﻭﺭ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬.‫ﺍﻟﺩﺭﺍﺴﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﻫﻤﻴﺔ‬:‫ﺨﻼل‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺃﻫﻤﻴﺘﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﺭﺍﺴﺔ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﻩ‬ ‫ﺘﻜﺘﺴﺏ‬‫ﻤﺎ‬‫ﻴﻠﻲ‬:1‫ﺍﻟﻜﺎﻤﻠـﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﺭﻓـﺔ‬ ‫ﺘﺘﻁﻠﺏ‬ ‫ﻤﺭﺤﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﻨﻌﻴﺵ‬ ‫ﺃﻨﻨﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﺨﺎﺼﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺩﺭﺍﺴﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﻬﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﹰ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﻤﻭﻀﻭﻋ‬ ‫ﺘﺘﻨﺎﻭل‬ ‫ـ‬‫ﺍﻟﻔﻠﺴﻁﻴﻨﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﺘﻤﻊ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺃﻋﺩﺍﺅﻨﺎ‬ ‫ﻴﻤﺎﺭﺴﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻲ‬ ‫ﻭﺃﺴﺎﻟﻴﺒﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﻔﺴﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺭﺏ‬ ‫ﺤﻭل‬.2‫ـ‬‫ﻓﻜﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺘﻌﻁﻲ‬‫ﺍﻟ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺒﻌﺎﺩ‬ ‫ﻋﻥ‬‫ﻭﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻨﻔﺴﻴﺔ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﺍﻻﺸﺎﻋﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺘﺭﻭﻴﺞ‬‫ﺍﻟﻔـﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﻤـﻥ‬ ‫ﻜـل‬ ‫ﻋﻠـﻰ‬‫ﻭﺍﻟﻤﺠﺘﻤﻊ‬.PDF created with pdfFactory trial version www.pdffactory.com
    • 73‫ـ‬‫ﺍﻟﺨﺒﺭ‬ ‫ﻨﻘل‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻤﻭﻀﻭﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺼﺩﻕ‬ ‫ﺘﺤﺭﻱ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﻋﻼﻡ‬ ‫ﻟﻭﺴﺎﺌل‬ ‫ﺭﺍﺠﻌﺔ‬ ‫ﺘﻐﺫﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺘﻘﺩﻡ‬.4‫ـ‬‫ﺍﻹﺸﺎﻋﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻨﺸﺭ‬ ‫ﺘﺠﻨﺏ‬ ‫ﻨﺤﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﺘﻤﻊ‬ ‫ﺃﻓﺭﺍﺩ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﻭﺠﻴﻪ‬ ‫ﺇﺭﺸﺎﺩ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﺭﺍﺴﺔ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﻩ‬ ‫ﺘﺴﺎﻫﻡ‬.5‫ـ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺭﺒﻭﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺅﺴﺴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﺭﺍﺴﺔ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﻩ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻴﺴﺘﻔﻴﺩ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﺘﻤـﻊ‬ ‫ﺃﻓﺭﺍﺩ‬ ‫ﺘﻭﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻤﺸﺎﺭﻜﺔ‬ ‫ﺨﺘﻠﻔﺔ‬‫ﺍﻹﺸﺎﻋﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺨﻁﻭﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺤﻭل‬.6‫ـ‬‫ﺍﻹﺸﺎﻋﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺘﺭﻭﻴﺞ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺤﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺴﻼﻡ‬ ‫ﻨﻅﺭ‬ ‫ﻭﺠﻬﺔ‬ ‫ﺒﻴﺎﻥ‬.‫ﺍﻟﺩﺭﺍﺴﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﻨﻬﺞ‬:‫ﻴﺤـﺎﻭل‬ ‫ﺍﻟـﺫﻱ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺤﻠﻴﻠـﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻭﺼﻔﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻨﻬﺞ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﺭﺍﺴﺔ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﻩ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺎﺤﺜﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﺴﺘﺨﺩﻡ‬‫ﻤﻜﻭ‬ ‫ﺒﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻼﻗﺔ‬ ‫ﺒﻴﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺜﻡ‬ ‫ﺒﻴﺎﻨﺎﺘﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺘﺤﻠﻴل‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﺭﺍﺴﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﻭﻀﻭﻉ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻅﺎﻫﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻭﺼﻑ‬‫ﻭﺍﻵﺭﺍﺀ‬ ‫ﻨﺎﺘﻬﺎ‬‫ﺍﻟﺘﻲ‬‫ﺘﺤﺩﺜﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻲ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻵﺜﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﺘﺘﻀﻤﻨﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻲ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻌﻤﻠﻴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺤﻭﻟﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺘﻁﺭﺡ‬.‫ﺍﻟﺩﺭﺍﺴﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﺼﻁﻠﺤﺎﺕ‬:‫ﺍﻹﺸﺎﻋﺔ‬:‫ﻫﻲ‬‫ﺍﻟﺤﻘـﺎﺌﻕ‬ ‫ﺘﺯﻴﻴـﻑ‬ ‫ﺘﻌﺘﻤﺩ‬ ،‫ﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﻁﺭﻑ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻴﻘﻭﻡ‬ ،‫ﹰ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﻏﺎﻟﺒ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺼﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻤﺠﻬﻭﻟﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﺨﺒﺎﺭ‬‫ﺍﻟـﺭﻭﺡ‬ ‫ﻋﻠـﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘـﺄﺜﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﻬﺩﻑ‬ ،‫ﻭﺍﻟﻐﻤﻭﺽ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻷﻫﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺨﺒﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﻩ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﺘﺴﻡ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻭﺍﻗﻊ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﺸﻭﻴﻪ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻨﻭ‬‫ﹰ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﺴﻴﺎﺴﻴ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﹰ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﻋﺴﻜﺭﻴ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻤﻨﺎﻭﺌﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺨﺼﻭﻡ‬ ‫ﺼﻔﻭﻑ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺸﻙ‬ ‫ﺒﺫﻭﺭ‬ ‫ﻭﺯﺭﻉ‬ ،‫ﻭﺍﻟﻘﻠﻕ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺒﻠﺒﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﻴﺔ‬‫ﹰ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﺍﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﹰ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻴ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬)،‫ﺍﻟﻤﻔﻠﺢ‬1994:14.(-‫ﻤـﻥ‬ ‫ﺘﺤﻘﻕ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﺘﻤﺤﻴﺹ‬ ‫ﺒﺩﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺱ‬ ‫ﻴﺘﻨﺎﻗﻠﻪ‬ ‫ﺃﻭﺤﺩﺙ‬ ‫ﻗﺼﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﺨﺒﺭ‬ ‫ﻋﻥ‬ ‫ﻋﺒﺎﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻫﻰ‬‫ﺼـﺤﺘﻪ‬،،‫ﺼﺤﻴﺢ‬ ‫ﻏﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﻴﻜﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﻏﺎﻟﺒﺎ‬‫ﺒﺎﻟﺘﻬﻭﻴ‬ ‫ﺴﻭﺍﺀ‬ ‫ﻓﻴﻪ‬ ‫ﻤﺒﺎﻟﻐﺎ‬ ‫ﻴﻜﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬‫ﺒﺎﻟﺘﻘﻠ‬ ‫ﺃﻡ‬ ‫ل‬‫ﻴل‬)،‫ﻁﻪ‬2003:22.(-‫ﺒﺄﻨﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﹰ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﺇﺠﺭﺍﺌﻴ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺎﺤﺜﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﻴﻌﺭﻓﻬﺎ‬" :‫ﺒﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﻟـﻴﺱ‬ ‫ﻤﺤﻘﻘﺔ‬ ‫ﻏﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﻴﺔ‬‫ﻏﻴـﺭ‬ ‫ﺃﻨﻬـﺎ‬ ‫ﻟـﻀﺭﻭﺭﺓ‬‫ﺸﺨﺹ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺘﻨﺘﻘل‬ ‫ﺼﺤﻴﺤﺔ‬‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﻋﻼﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﺴﺎﺌل‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﺁﺨﺭ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﺘﻤﻊ‬ ‫ﺃﻓﺭﺍﺩ‬"‫ﺍﻹﻋﻼﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﺴﺎﺌل‬:‫ﺸﺨﺹ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺨﺒﺭ‬.‫ﺠﺭﻴﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺨﺒﺭ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬.‫ﻤﺠﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺨﺒﺭ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬.‫ﺇﺫﺍﻋﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺨﺒﺭ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬.‫ﺃ‬‫ﺘﻠﻔﺎﺯ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺨﺒﺭ‬ ‫ﻭ‬.‫ﺨﻁﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺭﺴﺎﻟﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺨﺒﺭ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬.‫ﻤﺴﺠل‬ ‫ﺸﺭﻴﻁ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺨﺒﺭ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬.‫ﺍﻟﻌﻨﻜﺒﻭﺘﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺸﺒﻜﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺨﺒﺭ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬)‫ﺍﻹﻨﺘﺭﻨﺕ‬(.‫ﺍﻷ‬ ‫ﺘﻨﺎﻗل‬ ‫ﻁﺭﻕ‬ ‫ﻫﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻭﺴﺎﺌل‬ ‫ﻓﻬﺫﻩ‬‫ﺒﻴﻨﻬﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻨﺘﺸﺎﺭﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺱ‬ ‫ﺒﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺨﺒﺎﺭ‬.‫ﺍﻟﺴﺎﺒﻘﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﺭﺍﺴﺎﺕ‬:PDF created with pdfFactory trial version www.pdffactory.com
    • 8‫ﺒﻌـﺽ‬ ‫ﺇﻟـﻰ‬ ‫ﻴـﺼﻼ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺎﺤﺜﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﺴﺘﻁﺎﻉ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﺘﺭﺒﻭﻱ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺩﺏ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﻁﻼﻉ‬ ‫ﺨﻼل‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﺍﻟﻨﺤـﻭ‬ ‫ﻋﻠـﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﺭﺍﺴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺘﻠﻙ‬ ‫ﺠﺎﺀﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﻗﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺎﻟﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﺭﺍﺴﺔ‬ ‫ﺒﻤﻭﻀﻭﻉ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺘﻌﻠﻘﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﺎﺒﻘﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﺩﺭﺍﺴﺎﺕ‬‫ﺍﻟﺘﺎﻟﻲ‬:1‫ﺩﺭﺍﺴﺔ‬ ‫ـ‬‫ﻏﻭﺭ‬‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺒﻭﺴﺘﻤﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺠﻭﻴﻑ‬ ‫ﺍﻭﻟﺒﻭﺭﺕ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﻥ‬)1974(‫ﺒﻌﻨﻭﺍﻥ‬"‫ﺍﻹﺸـﺎﻋﺔ‬ ‫ﺴﻴﻜﻭﻟﻭﺠﻴﺔ‬"‫ﺍﺴـﺘﻨﺘﺞ‬ ‫ﻭﻗـﺩ‬ ، ‫ﺒﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﺘﻤﻊ‬ ‫ﺘﺄﺜﺭ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﺩﻯ‬ ،‫ﺍﻹﺸﺎﻋﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﺜﺭ‬ ‫ﺘﺘﺒﻊ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﺭﺍﺴﺔ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﻩ‬ ‫ﻫﺩﻓﺕ‬ ‫ﺤﻴﺙ‬‫ﺍ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺎﺤﺜﺎﻥ‬‫ﺘـﺼﺒﺢ‬ ‫ﺒﺤﻴـﺙ‬ ‫ﻟﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺘﺩﺍﻭﻟﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻋﺩﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﺯﺩﺍﺩ‬ ‫ﻜﻠﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﺘﻘﻠﺹ‬ ‫ﺘﺼﻐﺭ‬ ‫ﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺔ‬‫ﻓـﻲ‬‫ﹰ‬‫ﻻ‬‫ﺘﺩﺍﻭ‬ ‫ﻭﺃﺴﻬل‬ ‫ﹰ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﺘﺭﻜﻴﺯ‬ ‫ﺃﻜﺜﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﻬﺎﻴﺔ‬‫ﻭﺃ‬‫ﻫـﺫﺍ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺎﺤﺜـﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺒﻨـﻰ‬ ،‫ﺒـﻪ‬ ‫ﺒﺩﺃﺕ‬ ‫ﻋﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﻤﺼﺩﺍﻗﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻗل‬‫ﻋﻤﻠﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺘﺠﺭﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﻨﺘﺎﺝ‬‫ﻋـﺩﺩ‬ ‫ﺒﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﻌﻴﻨﺔ‬ ‫ﺸﻔﻬﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺭﺴﺎﻟﺔ‬ ‫ﻨﺸﺭ‬ ‫ﻋﻥ‬ ‫ﻋﺒﺎﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻜﺎﻨﺕ‬ ‫ﺃﺠﺭﻴﺎﻫﺎ‬‫ﺸﺨﺹ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻨﻘﻠﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻟﻴﺘﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻓﺭﺍﺩ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬‫ﺸﺨﺹ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﻬﺎﻴـﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﻟﻴﺠﺩﺍ‬ ‫ﻤﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻜل‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﻓﻘﻁ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﺤﺩ‬‫ﺤﻭﺍﻟﻲ‬ ‫ﻓﻘﺩﺕ‬ ‫ﻗﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺭﺴﺎﻟﺔ‬ ‫ﺘﻠﻙ‬70%‫ﻤﻥ‬‫ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺨـﺎﻤﺱ‬ ‫ﺍﻟـﺸﺨﺹ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻨﺘﻘﺎﻟﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺒﻌﺩ‬ ‫ﻤﺤﺘﻭﺍﻫﺎ‬‫ﺘﻠﻙ‬ ‫ﻋﻥ‬ ‫ﺘﻤﺎﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﹰ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﻤﺨﺘﻠﻔ‬ ‫ﹰ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﺸﻴﺌ‬ ‫ﻟﺘﺼﺒﺢ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﺎﺩﺱ‬‫ﺍﻷﻭل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺸﺨﺹ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺃﻋﻁﻴﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻲ‬.2‫ـ‬‫ﺍﻹﺩﺭﻴﺴﻲ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺍﺴﺔ‬)1989(‫ﺒﻌﻨﻭﺍﻥ‬"‫ﺍﻟـ‬ ‫ﻏﺴل‬ ، ‫ﺍﻟﺸﺎﺌﻌﺎﺕ‬ ، ‫ﺍﻟﻨﻔﺴﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺭﺏ‬ ‫ﺃﺴﻠﺤﺔ‬،‫ﺩﻤﺎﻍ‬‫ﻤﻨﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻭﻗﺎﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﺼﻭﺭ‬"‫ﺨﻁﻭﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺄﻜﻴﺩ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﺭﺍﺴﺔ‬ ‫ﻫﺩﻓﺕ‬،‫ﺍﻹﺸﺎﻋﺎﺕ‬‫ﻭﻗﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﻤﺎﻍ‬ ‫ﻭﻏﺴﻴل‬‫ﺍﻟﺒ‬ ‫ﻗـﺎﻡ‬‫ﺎﺤـﺙ‬‫ﺍﻻﺤـﺘﻼل‬ ‫ﺴـﺠﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﹰ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﺴﺎﺒﻘ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﻠﺴﻁﻴﻨﻴﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﺘﻘﻠﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻋﻴﻨﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻤﻴﺩﺍﻨﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺍﺴﺔ‬ ‫ﺒﺈﺠﺭﺍﺀ‬‫ﺍﻹﺴﺭﺍﺌﻴﻠﻲ‬،‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﺘﻘﻠ‬ ‫ﻷﻭﻟﺌﻙ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﻤﺎﻍ‬ ‫ﻟﻐﺴﻴل‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺴﺭﺍﺌﻴﻠﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺩﻭ‬ ‫ﻤﺤﺎﻭﻻﺕ‬ ‫ﹰ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﻤﺜﺒﺘ‬‫ﻁﺭﻕ‬ ‫ﺤﺴﺏ‬ ‫ﻴﻥ‬‫ﹰ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﻤﺭﻜـﺯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﻔﺴﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺤﺭﺏ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺎﺭﻴﺨﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﻴﺎﻕ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺎﺤﺙ‬ ‫ﺘﻁﺭﻕ‬ ‫ﻭﻗﺩ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﺭﻭﻓﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﻤﺎﻍ‬ ‫ﻏﺴﻴل‬‫ﺍﻹﺴﻼﻤﻲ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺘﺎﺭﻴﺦ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻭﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﺘﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬،‫ﻭﺘﻨﺎﻭل‬‫ﺍﻹﺸﺎﻋﺎﺕ‬‫ﹰ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﻨﻅﺭ‬ ‫ﻤﻔﺼل‬ ‫ﺒﺸﻜل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﻤﺎﻍ‬ ‫ﻭﻏﺴﻴل‬‫ﺍﻟﺩﺭﺍﺴﺔ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﻩ‬ ‫ﻫﺩﻑ‬ ‫ﻟﻜﻭﻨﻬﺎ‬.‫ﺨﻁـﺭ‬ ‫ﻤـﻥ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻭﻗﺎﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﹰ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﺘﺼﻭﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺎﺤﺙ‬ ‫ﻭﻀﻊ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﺭﺍﺴﺔ‬ ‫ﻨﻬﺎﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﻓﻲ‬‫ﺍﻹﺸﺎﻋﺎﺕ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﺍﻹ‬ ‫ﻤﻭﺍﺠﻬﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﹰ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﻤﻌﺘﻤﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﻤﺎﻍ‬ ‫ﻏﺴﻴل‬‫ﺸﺎﻋﺎﺕ‬)‫ﻭﺍﻷﺴـﺭﻉ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻋﻡ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻋﺘﺒﺎﺭﻫﺎ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﺘﻤﻊ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﹰ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﺇﻨﺘﺸﺎﺭ‬(‫؛‬‫ﺘﺤﻠﻴل‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺘﻜﻤﻥ‬‫ﺍﻹﺸﺎﻋﺎﺕ‬،‫ﻭﻤـﺼﺩﺭﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﺃﻫﺩﺍﻓﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻤﻔﺭﺩﺍﺘﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻟﻤﻌﺭﻓﺔ‬‫ﻭﺍﻹﻋﻼﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺭﺒﻭﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺅﺴﺴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺨﻼل‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﻭﺍﺠﻬﺘﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺴﻼﻤﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻨﻬﺞ‬ ‫ﺍﺘﺒﺎﻉ‬ ‫ﺜﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﻥ‬.3‫ـ‬‫ﺸﻠﻴﻔﺭ‬ ‫ﺭﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺍﺴﺔ‬)2003(‫ﺒﻌﻨﻭ‬‫ﺍﻥ‬":‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﻔﺴﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺭﺏ‬)‫ﺇﺴﺭﺍﺌﻴل‬(‫ﺠﺩﻴﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺍﺴﺔ‬"‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﻔﺴﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺤﺭﺏ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻬﻴﻜﻠﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺸﺎﻜل‬ ‫ﺍﺴﺘﻌﺭﺍﺽ‬ ‫ﺘﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﺭﺍﺴﺔ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﻩ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬)‫ﺇﺴﺭﺍﺌﻴل‬(‫ﻭﻁـﺭﻕ‬‫ﻭﺍﻟﻨﻔـﻭﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺒﺘﻌـﺎﺩ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﺼﺩﺭﻩ‬ ،‫ﻭﺍﻟﻭﻋﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﻬﻡ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺸﻜﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﺼﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻭﻴﻜﻤﻥ‬ ،‫ﺤﻠﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﺇﻤﻜﺎﻨﻴﺔ‬،‫ﺍﻟﺩﻋﺎﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﻭﻀﻭﻉ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺩﻴﻤﻘﺭﺍﻁﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻴﻬﻭﺩﻱ‬‫ﻭﺇﻥ‬‫ﺍﻷﻤﺭﻴﻜ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺼﻭﺭ‬ ‫ﺼﻔﺔ‬‫ﺍﻟﻭﻗـﺕ‬ ‫ﻓـﻲ‬ ‫ﻲ‬‫ﻋﺎﻟﻴـﺔ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺠﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻴﻌﺘﺒﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﺭﻜﺔ‬ ‫ﺴﺎﺤﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﺒﻠﻭﻤﺎﺴﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﺎل‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ،‫ﻟﻠﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺨﻴﺭ‬‫ﻋـﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﻋـﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﻓﺼﺎﺡ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﻡ‬ ،‫ﻜﺎﻤل‬ ‫ﺘﻨﺴﻴﻕ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺘﻌﻤل‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺠﻬﺯﺓ‬ ‫ﺠﻤﻴﻊ‬ ‫ﻭﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻫﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬‫ﻭﻓﻲ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﺠﻤﺎﻫﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺄﺜﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺎﺠﺔ‬ ‫ﺤﻭل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻻﺴﺘﺨﺩﺍﻡ‬ ‫ﻤﺨﺘﻠﻔﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺃﺤﺩﺍﺙ‬ ‫ﻭﺴﺎﺌل‬PDF created with pdfFactory trial version www.pdffactory.com
    • 9‫ﺍﻟﻨﺯﺍﻉ‬ ‫ﻨﻁﺎﻕ‬)‫ﺍﻹﺴﺭ‬‫ﺍﺌﻴﻠﻲ‬(‫ﺍﻷﺴـﺎﻟﻴﺏ‬ ‫ﻫـﺫﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﷲ‬ ‫ﻭﺤـﺯﺏ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﻠـﺴﻁﻴﻨﻴﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﺴﺘﺨﺩﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺭﺒﻲ‬‫ﻭﺍﻻﻋﺘـﺭﺍﻑ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻻﺴﺘﻌﺩﺍﺩ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺤﺯﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺼﻤﻴﻡ‬ ‫ﺒﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺩﻤﺠﻭﺍ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻓﻬﻡ‬ ،‫ﻤﺘﻌﺩﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﻨﺠﺎﺤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﺤﺼﺩﻭﺍ‬‫ﺍﻟﻔﻠـﺴﻁﻴﻨﻴﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﻤـﺭﺭ‬ ‫ﻨﻘـل‬ ‫ﺒـﺴﻴﻁﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺴﺎﺌل‬ ‫ﻭﺒﻭﺍﺴﻁﺔ‬ ‫ﺠﺫﺍﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﺒﺎﺩﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻓﻤﻥ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﺤﻀﺎﺭﻱ‬‫ﺭﺴﺎﺌﻠﻬﻡ‬)‫ﻹﺴﺭﺍﺌﻴل‬(‫ﻭﺍﻟﻌﺎﻟﻡ‬.‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﻬﺎﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺎﺤﺙ‬ ‫ﻭﻴﺅﻜﺩ‬"‫ﺃ‬‫ﻭﺍﻹﺩﺭﺍﻙ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻭﻋﻲ‬ ‫ﻭﻨﻘﺹ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﻫﻤﺎل‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺘﺘﺎﻟﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﻨﻭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻥ‬)‫ﺍﻹﺴﺭﺍﺌﻴﻠﻲ‬(‫ﻤﻨﺎﺴﺏ‬ ‫ﺇﺒﺩﺍﻉ‬ ‫ﺒﺄﻱ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﻴﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺠﻬﺯﺓ‬ ‫ﻗﺩﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻋﺩﻡ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺴﺎﻫﻤﺕ‬".4‫ـ‬‫ﺩﺭﺍﺴﺔ‬‫ﻋﺒﺎﺱ‬)2005(‫ﺒﻌﻨﻭﺍﻥ‬:"‫ﺍﻟﺩﻋﻭﺓ‬ ‫ﻀﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﻔﺴﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺤﺭﺏ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺼﻬﻴﻭﻨﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﻋﻼﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﺴﺎﺌل‬‫ﻟﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﺼﺩﻱ‬ ‫ﻓﻠﺴﻁﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻤﻘﺎﻭﻤﺔ‬"‫ﺇﻟ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﺭﺍﺴﺔ‬ ‫ﻫﺩﻓﺕ‬‫ﻰ‬،‫ﺍﻟـﺼﻬﻴﻭﻨﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﻋﻼﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﺃﺴﺎﻟﻴﺏ‬ ‫ﻭﺴﺎﺌل‬ ‫ﻤﻜﻭﻨﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻫﻡ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻌﺭﻑ‬‫ﻟﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﺼﺩﻱ‬ ‫ﻟﻤﻭﺍﺠﻬﺘﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﺒل‬ ‫ﺃﻓﻀل‬ ‫ﻭﻭﻀﻊ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﻋﻼﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﺎﺩﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﺘﺸﻜل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﻭﺍﻨﺏ‬ ‫ﻭﺃﺒﺭﺯ‬.‫ﻤﺴﻴﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻋﺘﺒﺎﺭﻫﺎ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﺼﻬﻴﻭﻨﻲ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻜﻴﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺼﻬﻴﻭﻨﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﻋﻼﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﺴﺎﺌل‬ ‫ﺃﻫﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﺭﺍﺴﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﻅﻬﺭﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﻗﺩ‬‫ﻴﺘﺠﺯ‬ ‫ﻻ‬ ‫ﺠﺯﺀ‬ ‫ﻭﻫﻲ‬ ،‫ﹰ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﻋﺎﻟﻤﻴ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﺘﺭﺍﺒﻁﺔ‬ ‫ﹰ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﺴﻴﺎﺴﻴ‬‫ﺘﺤﻘﻴـﻕ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺘﻬﺩﻑ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺸﺎﻤﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﺤﺭﺒﻪ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺃ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﻭﺠﻬﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﻔﺴﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺭﺏ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻫﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺩﺍﺓ‬ ‫ﻟﻜﻭﻨﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻵﺨﺭﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺴﻴﻁﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻔﻭﻕ‬.5.‫ﺍﷲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺒﺩ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺍﺴﺔ‬)2005(‫ﺒﻌﻨﻭﺍﻥ‬:"‫ﺍﻹﻋﻼﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺭﺏ‬:‫ﻓـﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻘـﺎﻭﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﻋـﻼﻡ‬ ‫ﻨﻤـﻭﺫﺝ‬‫ﻟﺒﻨﺎﻥ‬"‫ﻋﺒ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺸﺎﻋﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺒﺙ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﻋﻼﻡ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﺭ‬ ‫ﺘﻌﺭﻑ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﺭﺍﺴﺔ‬ ‫ﻫﺩﻓﺕ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﺨﺘﻠﻔـﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﻋﻼﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﺴﺎﺌل‬ ‫ﺭ‬،‫ﻜﻭﺴﻴﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﻔﺴﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺭﺏ‬ ‫ﺍﻋﺘﻤﺎﺩ‬ ‫ﺨﻼل‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬‫ﻭﻤﻌﻨﻭﻴـﺎﺘﻬﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺱ‬ ‫ﺃﻋﺼﺎﺏ‬ ‫ﻟﺘﻭﺠﻴﻪ‬،‫ﻭﻭﺠـﺩﺍﻨﻬﻡ‬‫ﺒﺎﻋﺘﺒﺎﺭﻫﺎ‬)‫ﺍﻟﻨﻔﺴﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺭﺏ‬(‫ﺍﻟﻌﺴﻜﺭﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺭﺏ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺃﺨﻁﺭ‬‫ﻭ‬ ،‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﹰ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﻭﺍﺘﺴﺎﻋ‬ ‫ﹰ‬‫ﻻ‬‫ﺸﻤﻭ‬ ‫ﺃﻜﺜﺭ‬ ‫ﺠﺒﻬﺘﻬﺎ‬‫ﺃﻜﺜﺭ‬ ‫ﻫﻲ‬ ‫ﻜﺫﻟﻙ‬ ،‫ﺴﻭﺍﺀ‬ ‫ﺤﺩ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻌﺴﻜﺭﻴﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺩﻨﻴﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺘﻬﺎﺠﻡ‬ ‫ﻷﻨﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺴﻜﺭﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺭﺏ‬‫ﹰ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﺩﻭﺍﻤـ‬‫ﺃﻭﻗﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺘﺴﺘﺨﺩﻡ‬ ‫ﻷﻨﻬﺎ‬‫ﹰ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﻤﻌ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺴﻠﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺭﺏ‬.‫ﺍﻷﺨﺒـﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﻭﻨـﺸﺭ‬ ، ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻘﺎﻭﻤـﺔ‬ ‫ﺤﻤﺎﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﻋﻼﻡ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﺭ‬ ‫ﺘﻌﺭﻑ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﺭﺍﺴﺔ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﻩ‬ ‫ﻫﺩﻓﺕ‬ ‫ﻜﻤﺎ‬‫ﺍﻟﺘـﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﻋﻼﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻵﻟﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﻘﺎﺒل‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻌﺴﻜﺭﻴﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺩﻨﻴﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﻌﻨﻭﻴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺘﺭﻓﻊ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻭﻀﻭﻋﻴﺔ‬‫ﻟﻸﻋﺩﺍﺀ‬.6‫ﺨﻠﻑ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺍﺴﺔ‬ ‫ـ‬)2009(‫ﺒﻌﻨﻭﺍﻥ‬"‫ﺍﻟﺼﺤﺎﻓ‬ ‫ﺍﻋﺘﻤﺎﺩ‬‫ﻭﺃﺜﺭﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺸﺎﻋﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﻠﺴﻁﻴﻨﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺯﺒﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺔ‬‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﻴﺎﺴﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻨﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬‫ﻏﺯﺓ‬ ‫ﻭﻗﻁﺎﻉ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻐﺭﺒﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻀﻔﺔ‬"‫ﻫﺫﻩ‬ ‫ﻫﺩﻓﺕ‬‫ﺍﻟﺩﺭﺍﺴﺔ‬‫ﺍ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬‫ﻟﻜـﺸﻑ‬‫ﺍﻟﺤﺯﺒﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺼﺤﺎﻓﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺸﺎﻋﺔ‬ ‫ﺒﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻼﻗﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﺘﺠﺎﻩ‬ ‫ﻭﻁﺒﻴﻌﺔ‬ ‫ﺸﻜل‬ ‫ﻋﻥ‬‫ﺍﻟﻔﻠﺴﻁﻴﻨﻴﺔ‬،‫ﻭﺍﻻﺴﺘﻘﺭﺍﺭ‬‫ﺤﻴ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺘﺭﺍﻜﺒﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﻼﻗﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﻫﻲ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﺴﻴﺎﺴﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻨﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺜﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﻥ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﺴﻴﺎﺴﻲ‬‫ﺙ‬‫ﻋﺎﻤـل‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺃﻜﺜﺭ‬ ‫ﺘﺭﺍﺒﻁ‬‫ﺍﻟﻌﻼﻗﺔ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﻩ‬ ‫ﺇﻁﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬.PDF created with pdfFactory trial version www.pdffactory.com
    • 10‫ﻓ‬‫ﺎﺭﺘﻜﺯﺕ‬‫ﺍﻟﺩﺭﺍﺴﺔ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﻩ‬‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﺅﺩﺍﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﺃﺴﺎﺴﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﺭﻀﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﺤﺹ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬:‫ﺍﻟﺤﺯﺒﻴـﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺼﺤﺎﻓﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺸﺎﻋﺔ‬‫ﺍﻟﻔﻠﺴﻁﻴﻨﻴﺔ‬‫ﻤـﻥ‬ ‫ﻴﺘﻀﺢ‬ ‫ﻭﺫﻟﻙ‬ ،‫ﻏﺯﺓ‬ ‫ﻭﻗﻁﺎﻉ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻐﺭﺒﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻀﻔﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﻴﺎﺴﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻨﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺎ‬‫ﺒ‬‫ﺴﻠ‬ ‫ﺘﺅﺜﺭ‬،‫ﻨﻘﺎﻁ‬ ‫ﺠﻤﻠﺔ‬‫ﺃﺒﺭﺯﻫﺎ‬:1‫ـ‬‫ﺇ‬‫ﺍﻟﺤﺯﺒﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺼﺤﺎﻓﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺸﺎﻋﺔ‬ ‫ﻥ‬‫ﻭﺘﺨﻠﻕ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻔﻠﺴﻁﻴﻨﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﺘﻤﻊ‬ ‫ﺘﻔﻜﻴﻙ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺘﺴﺎﻋﺩ‬‫ﺍﻟﺒﻠﺒﻠـﺔ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﻭﺍﻁﻨﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺒﻴﻥ‬.2‫ـ‬‫ﺇ‬‫ﻭﺘﺠﻴﺵ‬ ،‫ﺎ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ﻗﺎﺘ‬ ‫ﺍ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﺠ‬ ‫ﺘﻭﻓﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺯﺒﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺼﺤﺎﻓﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺸﺎﻋﺔ‬ ‫ﻥ‬‫ﺍﻷﻭﻀـﺎﻉ‬ ‫ﻭﺘـﻭﺘﺭ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﺨﻭﺍﻁﺭ‬‫ﺍﻟﻭﻁﻨﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﻭﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﻥ‬ ‫ل‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﺘﺤ‬ ‫ﻋﺩﺍﺌﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺜﻘﺎﻓﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﻨﺘﺞ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﺩﺍﺨﻠﻴﺔ‬‫ﻴﺴﺘﺨﺩﻤﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻁﺭﻑ‬ ‫ﻜل‬ ‫ﻜﻭﻥ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻔﻠﺴﻁﻴﻨﻲ‬‫ﻭﺘﺸﻭﻴﻪ‬ ،‫ﺍﻵﺨﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻁﺭﻑ‬ ‫ﻹﻀﻌﺎﻑ‬‫ﺼﻭﺭﺘﻪ‬.‫ﺒﻴﻨﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﺘﺎﺌﺞ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﺠﻤﻭﻋﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﺭﺍﺴﺔ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﻩ‬ ‫ﺃﻓﺭﺯﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﻗﺩ‬:1‫ـ‬‫ﺇ‬‫ﺍﻟﻔﻠﺴﻁﻴﻨﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺯﺒﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺼﺤﺎﻓﺔ‬ ‫ﻥ‬‫ﺍﻷﻫﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻜﺜﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺘﻌﺭ‬ ‫ﻟﻡ‬‫ﺤﻴﻭﻴـﺔ‬ ‫ﺒﻴﺌﺔ‬ ‫ﺘﻭﻓﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﻟﻤﺴﺘﻠﺯﻤﺎﺕ‬‫ﺍﻟﺘﻘﺩﻡ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻗﺎﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻨﺸﻁ‬ ‫ﻤﺩﻨﻲ‬ ‫ﻟﻤﺠﺘﻤﻊ‬.2‫ـ‬‫ﺇ‬‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻋﻤﻠﺕ‬ ‫ﻨﻬﺎ‬‫ﺍﻟﺤﻴﺎ‬ ‫ﺃﻁﺭﺍﻑ‬ ‫ﺒﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﺭﻗﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺭﺴﺨﺕ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻔﻠﺴﻁﻴﻨﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﺍﺨﻠﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻭﻀﺎﻉ‬ ‫ﺘﺄﺠﻴﺞ‬‫ﺓ‬‫ﺤﻭل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﻴﺎﺴﻴﺔ‬‫ﻭﺍﻟﻤﻌﻁﻴـﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤـﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻋﺘﻤﺩﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﻜﺜﺭ‬ ‫ﻋﻨﺩﻤﺎ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻤﺸﺘﺭﻜﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻭﻁﻨﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﻭﺍﺴﻡ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﻀﻠﻠﺔ‬‫ﻭﺍﻹﺸﺎﻋﺎﺕ‬.3‫ـ‬‫ﺇ‬‫ﺘﺠﻴﺵ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍ‬‫ﺭ‬‫ﻜﺒﻴ‬ ‫ﺍ‬‫ﺭ‬‫ﺩﻭ‬ ‫ﻟﻌﺒﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺯﺒﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺼﺤﺎﻓﺔ‬ ‫ﻥ‬‫ﺍﻟ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺩﺍﺀ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﺭﻭﻴﺞ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻨﻔﻭﺱ‬‫ﻤﺠﺘﻤﻊ‬.4‫ـ‬‫ﺃﻀﻔﺕ‬‫ﺍﻟ‬‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺸﺭﻋﻴﺔ‬‫ﺇﻤﻜﺎﻨﻴ‬ ‫ﻋﺭﻗل‬ ‫ﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﻫﻭ‬ ،‫ﻭﺘﺴﻭﻴﻐﻪ‬ ‫ﻟﺘﺒﺭﻴﺭﻩ‬ ‫ﻜﻤﻘﺩﻤﺔ‬ ،‫ﺍﻻﻗﺘﺘﺎل‬‫ﺠﺴﺩ‬ ‫ﺨﻠﻕ‬ ‫ﺔ‬‫ﻤﺘﻨﺎﻏﻡ‬ ‫ﺴﻴﺎﺴﻲ‬‫ﺃﺠﺯﺍﺅ‬ ‫ﺘﻌﻤل‬ ،‫ﺍﻷﻁﺭﺍﻑ‬‫ﻭﺘﻜﺎﻤل‬ ‫ﻭﺘﻌﺎﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻨﺘﻅﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﻋﻨﺎﺼﺭﻩ‬ ‫ﻩ‬.5‫ـ‬‫ﻤﺼﺭﺍﻋﻴﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺒﻭﺍﺏ‬ ‫ﻓﺘﺤﺕ‬‫ﻏﺯﺓ‬ ‫ﻭﻗﻁﺎﻉ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻐﺭﺒﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻀﻔﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﻤﻔﻌﻭﻟﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻟﺘﻔﻌل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﺘﻨﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﻤﺎﻡ‬.‫ﺍﻟﺩﺭﺍﺴﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﻭﺼﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﻗﺩ‬‫ﺍﻟﺨﻁﻭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺒﺠﻤﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﻠﺴﻁﻴﻨﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺯﺒﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺼﺤﺎﻓﺔ‬‫ﻭﺍﻟﻤﻨﺘﻅﻤـﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺘﻨﺎﺴـﻘﺔ‬‫ﻟﻼﺭﺘﻘﺎ‬‫ﺃﺩﺍﺌﻬ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺀ‬‫ﻭﺘﺼﻭ‬ ،‫ﻭﺍﻗﻌﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﺤﺴﻴﻥ‬ ،‫ﺎ‬‫ﺍﻷﻓﻀل‬ ‫ﻨﺤﻭ‬ ‫ﻭﻀﻌﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻴﺏ‬‫ﻫـﺫﻩ‬ ‫ﻭﻤـﻥ‬ ،‫ﺎ‬‫ﻴ‬‫ﺘـﺩﺭﻴﺠ‬‫ﺍﻟﺨ‬‫ﻁﻭﺍﺕ‬:،‫ﺍﻷﺤﺩﺍﺙ‬ ‫ﻨﻘل‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺸﻤﻭل‬ ،‫ﻭﺍﻟﻤﺼﺩﺍﻗﻴﺔ‬ ،‫ﺍﻷﻤﺎﻨﺔ‬ ‫ﺘﺤﺭﻯ‬‫ﺍﻹﺸـﺎﻋﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻋﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻻﺒﺘﻌﺎﺩ‬،‫ﻭﺘﻘﺩﻤـﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﺴﺘﻘﺭﺍﺭﻩ‬ ‫ﺃﺴﺱ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﻔﻜﻙ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻔﻠﺴﻁﻴﻨﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﺘﻤﻊ‬ ‫ﺘﺭﺒﻙ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻲ‬‫ﺍﺴـﺘﺨﺩﺍﻡ‬ ‫ﻋـﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻻﺒﺘﻌـﺎﺩ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺎﺌ‬ ‫ﻤﺒﺩﺃ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﺒﻨﻲ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﺴﻠﺒﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺼﻁﻠﺤﺎﺕ‬‫ﻠﺔ‬‫ﺍﻟﺘﺠﺭﻴﺢ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺒﺩﻻ‬ ،‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﺨﻭﻴﻥ‬.‫ﻜﻤﺎ‬‫ﺃﻭﺼﻰ‬‫ﺍﻟﺩﺭﺍﺴﺔ‬‫ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﻤﺒﺎﺩﺉ‬ ‫ﻭﺜﻴﻘﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﻠﺴﻁﻴﻨﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﻴﺎﺴﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺤﺯﺍﺏ‬ ‫ﺒﺘﻭﻗﻴﻊ‬ ‫ﻜﺫﻟﻙ‬‫ﺸـﺭﻑ‬ ‫ﻭﺜﻴﻘﺔ‬‫ﻭﻴﺤﺩﺩ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﺤﺯﺒﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺼﺤﺎﻓﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﻤل‬ ‫ﻴﻨﻅﻡ‬ ‫ﻗﺎﻨﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﺒﺈﻴﺠﺎﺩ‬ ‫ﹰﺎ‬‫ﻘ‬‫ﻻﺤ‬ ‫ﻴﺴﻤﺢ‬ ‫ﺒﻤﺎ‬ ،‫ﺇﻋﻼﻤﻲ‬‫ﺒﺎﻹﻀﺎﻓﺔ‬ ،‫ﻤﻬﺎﻤﻬﺎ‬‫ﺍﻟﺼﺤﺎﻓﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻤﻠﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺼﺤﻔﻴﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺘﺩﺭﻴﺒﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺘﻨﻅﻴﻡ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬‫ﺍﻟﺤﺯﺒﻴﺔ‬.‫ﺍﻟﺘﻌﻘﻴﺏ‬‫ﺍﻟﺴﺎﺒﻘﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﺭﺍﺴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬:1‫ﺍﻟﻨﻔﺴﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺭﺏ‬ ‫ﺃﺴﺎﻟﻴﺏ‬ ‫ﺒﺙ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺨﺘﻠﻔﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﻋﻼﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﺴﺎﺌل‬ ‫ﺩﻭﺭ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﺎﺒﻘﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﺭﺍﺴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺭﻜﺯﺕ‬ ‫ـ‬‫ﺍﻟﺸﻌﻭﺏ‬ ‫ﻤﻌﻨﻭﻴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻨﻴل‬.PDF created with pdfFactory trial version www.pdffactory.com
    • 112‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﻔﺴﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺭﺏ‬ ‫ﺘﻔﻭﻕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﺎﺒﻘﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﺭﺍﺴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺃﻅﻬﺭﺕ‬ ‫ـ‬‫ﺍﻟﻌﺴﻜﺭﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟﺤﺭﺏ‬ ‫ﻤﻘﺎﺭﻨﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﻌﺭﻜﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﻱ‬،‫ﻭﺍﻟﺒﺸﺭﻴ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺎﺩﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺨﺴﺎﺌﺭ‬ ‫ﻗﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﺤﻴﺙ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬‫ﺔ‬.3‫ﻜﺸﻔﺕ‬ ‫ـ‬‫ﺍﻟﺴﺎﺒﻘﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﺭﺍﺴﺎﺕ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﺘﻤﻌﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺘﻔﻜﻙ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﻭﺩﻭﺭﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺸﺎﻋﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺨﻁﻭﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻋﻥ‬،‫ﺍﻟﻔﺘﻨﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺒﺙ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﺘﻤﻊ‬ ‫ﺃﻓﺭﺍﺩ‬ ‫ﺒﻴﻥ‬.4‫ﺍﻟﺩﺭﺍﺴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺒﻌﺽ‬ ‫ﺒﻴﻨﺕ‬ ‫ـ‬‫ﺒﺤﻴـﺙ‬ ‫ﻟﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺘﺩﺍﻭﻟﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻋﺩﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﺯﺩﺍﺩ‬ ‫ﻜﻠﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﺘﻘﻠﺹ‬ ‫ﺘﺼﻐﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬‫ﺘﺼﺒﺢ‬‫ﹰ‬‫ﻻ‬‫ﺘﺩﺍﻭ‬ ‫ﻭﺃﺴﻬل‬ ‫ﹰ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﺘﺭﻜﻴﺯ‬ ‫ﺃﻜﺜﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﻬﺎﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬‫ﻭﺃ‬‫ﺒﻪ‬ ‫ﺒﺩﺃﺕ‬ ‫ﻋﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﻤﺼﺩﺍﻗﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻗل‬.5‫ﺒﻴ‬ ‫ـ‬‫ﺎﻥ‬‫ﺍﻟﻭﺍﺤﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﺘﻤﻊ‬ ‫ﺃﻓﺭﺍﺩ‬ ‫ﺒﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﺭﻗﺔ‬ ‫ﺒﺙ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺫﻟﻙ‬ ‫ﻭﺃﺜﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺸﺎﻋﺔ‬ ‫ﻨﻘل‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺼﺤﺎﻓﺔ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﺭ‬6‫ـ‬‫ﺍﻟﺒﺎﺤﺙ‬ ‫ﺍﺴﺘﻔﺎﺩ‬‫ﺍﻟﻨﺘـﺎﺌﺞ‬ ‫ﺃﻫـﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﺴﺘﺨﻼﺹ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻨﻅﺭﻱ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﻁﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﺒﻨﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﺎﺒﻘﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﺭﺍﺴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬‫ﻭﻜﺫﻟ‬ ،‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻭﺼﻴﺎﺕ‬‫ﺍﻟﻨﻔﺴﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺭﺏ‬ ‫ﺨﻁﺭ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻭﻗﺎﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺴﻼﻡ‬ ‫ﻤﻨﻬﺞ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻌﺭﻑ‬ ‫ﻙ‬.7‫ﺍﻟﺤﺎﻟﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﺭﺍﺴﺔ‬ ‫ﺘﻤﻴﺯﺕ‬ ‫ـ‬‫ﺍﻟﻔـﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﻤـﻥ‬ ‫ﻜل‬ ‫ﺘﺄﺜﺭ‬ ‫ﻤﺩﻯ‬ ‫ﺃﻅﻬﺭﺕ‬ ‫ﺃﻨﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﺎﺒﻘﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﺭﺍﺴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻋﻥ‬‫ﻟﻠﻘـﻀﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻨﺎﺴﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﻠﻭل‬ ‫ﻭﺇﻴﺠﺎﺩ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻤﺨﺘﻠﻔﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﻋﻼﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﺴﺎﺌل‬ ‫ﺘﺒﺜﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻲ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻹﺸﺎﻋﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻤﺠﺘﻤﻊ‬‫ﺍﻹﺴﻼﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﻅﺭ‬ ‫ﻭﺠﻬﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺸﺎﻋﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬.‫ﺍﻟﻨﻅﺭﻱ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﻁﺎﺭ‬:‫ﻴ‬ ‫ﻉ‬‫ﺼﺭﺍ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻘﻭﻯ‬ ‫ﺒﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺼﺭﺍﻉ‬ ‫ﺠﺩ‬‫ﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺨﻠﻴﻘﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﷲ‬ ‫ﺨﻠﻕ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﻨﺫ‬،‫ﺍﻹﻨـﺴﺎﻨﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﻋﻤـﺎﻕ‬ ‫ﺴﺘﻬﺩﻑ‬‫ﺒﺄﺴﻠﺤﺘﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺘﺴﺘﻬﺩﻑ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻨﻜﺒﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻜﻭﺍﺭﺙ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻷﺯﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺭﻭﺏ‬ ‫ﻜﺎﻨﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﺇﺫﺍ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﺒﺸﺭﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻜﻴﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﻭﻴﺅﺜﺭ‬‫ﹼ‬‫ﺘ‬‫ﺍﻟﻔ‬‫ﺤﻴﺙ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﻨﺴﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺎﻜﺔ‬:‫ﺠﺴﺩﻩ‬،‫ﻀـﻔﺎﻑ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺘﺘﻭﺍﻟﺩ‬ ‫ﻤﺴﺘﺘﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺴﺎﻓﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﹰ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﺤﺭﺒ‬ ‫ﻫﻨﺎﻙ‬ ‫ﻓﺈﻥ‬ ،‫ﻭﺒﻨﺎﺅﻩ‬‫ﻀﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﺩ‬‫ﺃﺸ‬ ‫ﻭﻫﻲ‬ ،‫ﺭﺍﺕ‬‫ﻴ‬‫ﻭﺍﻟﻤﺘﻐ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻘﻠﺒﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺯﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﺘﻜﺎﺜﺭ‬ ،‫ﺎﺕ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ﻭﺍﻟﻤ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﻭﺍﺩﺙ‬‫ﹰ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﻓﺘﻜ‬ ‫ﻭﺃﻗﻭﻯ‬ ‫ﻭﺓ‬‫ﻷﻨﻬـﺎ‬ ،‫ﻭﻨﻤﺎﺅﻩ‬ ‫ﻪ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ﻭﻗﻴ‬ ،‫ﻭﻋﻁﺎﺅﻩ‬ ‫ﹸﻪ‬‫ﻘ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ﻋ‬ ‫ﺤﻴﺙ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﻨﺴﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺘﺴﺘﻬﺩﻑ‬،‫ﻭﺍﻷﺴـﺎﻟﻴﺏ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻭﺴﺎﺌل‬ ‫ﺠﻤﻴﻊ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﺴﺘﺨﺩﻡ‬‫ﺃﻫﺩﺍﻓﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻟﺘﺤﻘﻴﻕ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻤﺨﺘﻠﻔﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﻋﻼﻤﻴﺔ‬‫ﺍﻟﻌﺴﻜﺭﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺭﻭﺏ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺴﻘﻁﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻲ‬.‫ﻭﺍ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻜﻨﻭﻟﻭﺠﻴﺎ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻬﺎﺌل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻁﻭﺭ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﺍ‬ ‫ﻅل‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬‫ﻫ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﻋﻼﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻶﻟﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﺼﺒﺢ‬ ،‫ﻻﺘﺼﺎل‬‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺎﻡ‬،‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﺘﻤﻊ‬ ‫ﺃﻓﺭﺍﺩ‬ ‫ﻟﺩﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻭﻋﻲ‬ ‫ﺘﻜﻭﻴﻥ‬‫ﻭﺤﺘـﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﺭﻏﺒـﺎﺘﻬﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﻴﻭﻟﻬﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﺘﺠﺎﻫﺎﺘﻬﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﺸﻜﻴل‬‫ﺘﺠﺎﻩ‬ ‫ﺴﻠﻭﻜﻬﻡ‬‫ﺍﻵﺨﺭﻴﻥ‬،"‫ﺍﻟﺨﻁﺎﺏ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺠﻌل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻴﻭﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻟﻡ‬ ‫ﻓﻀﺎﺌﻴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺒﻴﺕ‬ ‫ﻜل‬ ‫ﺍﻨﻔﺘﺎﺡ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﻜﻤﺎ‬‫ﻭﺍﻟﺠﻤﺎﻋﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﺭﺃﻱ‬ ‫ﻤﺴﺘﻭﻯ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺘﻭﻅﻴﻔﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻴﻤﻜﻥ‬ ‫ﺃﺩﺍﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﻋﻼﻤﻲ‬‫ﺍﻟﻘـﻀﺎﻴﺎ‬ ‫ﻟﻴـﺸﻤل‬ ‫ﻴﻤﺘـﺩ‬ ‫ﺒل‬ ،،‫ﺍﻟﻘﻁﺭﻴﺔ‬‫ﻭﺍﻻﻗﻠﻴﻤﻴﺔ‬‫ﻓﺎﺌﺩ‬ ‫ﻭﺒﺎﺘﺕ‬ ،‫ﻭﺍﻟﺩﻭﻟﻴﺔ‬ ،‫ﺤﻭﻟﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺠﺩﺍل‬ ‫ﻻ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﻀﺎﺌﻴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺓ‬")،‫ﺍﻟﺯﻫﺎﺭ‬2004:23(.‫ﹰ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﺠﺩﻴﺩ‬ ‫ﹰ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﺤﺩﺜ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﻋﻼﻡ‬ ‫ﻴﻜﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﻟﻡ‬‫ﹰ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﻤﻌﺭﻭﻓ‬ ‫ﻜﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺒل‬ ،‫ﹴ‬‫ﻥ‬‫ﺯﻤ‬ ‫ﻤﻨﺫ‬‫ﻓﻠﻘﺩ‬ ‫ﺒﻌﻴﺩ‬‫ﻓـﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺭﺏ‬ ‫ﻋﺭﻓﺕ‬‫ﹰ‬‫ﺔ‬‫ﻤﻌﺭﻓ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﻋﻼﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﺎﻫﻠﻴﺔ‬‫ﺍﻟﺸﻌﺭ‬ ‫ﻋﺭﻓﻭﺍ‬ ‫ﻓﻘﺩ‬ ، ‫ﺤﻘﺔ‬‫ﺍﻟﺩﻋﺎﻴـﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺴـﺎﺌل‬ ‫ﺃﻫـﻡ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﻫﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺨﻁﺎﺒﺔ‬‫ﻭﻜﺎ‬ ،‫ﻭﺍﻟﻨﺸﺭ‬‫ﺘ‬ ‫ﻨﺕ‬‫ﺍﻷﺴﻭﺍﻕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻐﺎﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻬﺫﻩ‬ ‫ﺨﺼﺹ‬،‫ﺠﺎﺯ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ﺍﻟ‬ ‫ﻭﺫﻱ‬ ،‫ﻋﻜﺎﻅ‬ ‫ﻜﺴﻭﻕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺸﻬﻭﺭﺓ‬‫ﻭﻋﺭﻓﻭﺍ‬‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﺸﻬﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﻋﺎﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﺴﻠﻭﺏ‬ ‫ﻜﺫﻟﻙ‬‫ﺍﻟﻘﺒﺎﺌل‬ ‫ﺒﻴﻥ‬.PDF created with pdfFactory trial version www.pdffactory.com
    • 12،‫ﺠﻤﻌﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺸﺭﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺒﻨﻭﺭﻩ‬ ‫ﻭﺃﻀﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺴﻼﻡ‬ ‫ﺠﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﻭﻋﻨﺩﻤﺎ‬"‫ﺍﷲ‬ ‫ﺼـﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺭﺴـﻭل‬ ‫ﺃﺩﺭﻙ‬‫ﺍﻟﺤﻘ‬ ‫ﺘﻠﻙ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺭﺏ‬ ‫ﺠﺯﻴﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺘﺎﺤﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﻋﻼﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﺴﺎﺌل‬ ‫ﺍﺴﺘﺜﻤﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﺃﻫﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺒﻔﻁﺭﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﻭﺴﻠﻡ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻴﻪ‬‫ﺒـﺔ‬،‫ﻴﺴﻘ‬ ‫ﻭﻟﻡ‬‫ﻤﺴﺎﺭﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﺒﺘﻌﺩﻴل‬ ‫ﻗﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﻟﻜﻨﻪ‬ ‫ﺤﺴﺎﺒﻪ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻭﺴﺎﺌل‬ ‫ﻫﺫﻩ‬ ‫ﻁ‬،‫ﺍﻹﺴﻼﻡ‬ ‫ﻟﺨﺩﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﻫﺩﺍﻓﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﻁﻭﻴﺭ‬‫؛‬‫ﺒﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻨﺘﺸﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺸﺭﻭﺭ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﻌﻤﻴﻕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﺘﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺇﺸﻌﺎل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﻼﻗل‬ ‫ﻭﺇﺜﺎﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺨﻼﻓﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻟﺒﺙ‬ ‫ﺘﺘﻭﺠﻪ‬ ‫ﻜﺎﻨﺕ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﺒﻌﺩ‬‫ﺍﻟﺠﺎﻫﻠﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﺭﺏ‬‫ﺍﻟﻭﺴﺎﺌل‬ ‫ﻫﺫﻩ‬ ‫ﺃﺒﺭﺯ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﻥ‬:1‫ـ‬‫ﺍﻟﺸﻌﺭﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﺼﻴﺩﺓ‬:‫ﺃﺒ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﹰ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﻭﺍﺤﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺸﻌﺭ‬ ‫ﻜﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺤﻴﺙ‬‫ﻓـﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌـﺭﺏ‬ ‫ﺒـﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺘﺼﺎل‬ ‫ﻭﺴﺎﺌل‬ ‫ﺭﺯ‬‫ﺠﻌﻠﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻓﻘﺩ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﺸﻌﺭﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻘﺼﻴﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﻋﻼﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﺩﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﺴﺘﻔﺎﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺴﻼﻡ‬ ‫ﺠﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﻭﺤﻴﻥ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﺠﺎﻫﻠﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺼﺭ‬‫ﻭﺴﻠﻡ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻴﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﷲ‬ ‫ﺼﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﺒﻲ‬‫ﻌ‬‫ﺍﻟﻔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻭﺴﺎﺌل‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﺤﺩﺓ‬‫ﺒـﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﻨـﺸﺭﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺴـﻼﻡ‬ ‫ﺭﺴـﺎﻟﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﺤﻤل‬ ‫ﺎﻟﺔ‬‫ﺍﻟﺠﻤﺎﻫﻴﺭ‬.2‫ـ‬‫ﺍﻟﺨﻁﺎﺒﺔ‬:‫ﺍﻟﻘ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﻋﻼﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﺴﺎﺌل‬ ‫ﺃﻫﻡ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺨﻁﺎﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﺘﻌﺩ‬‫ﹴ‬‫ﺭ‬‫ﻜﺜﻴ‬ ‫ﺒﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﺯﺩﻫﺭﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻲ‬ ‫ﺩﻴﻤﺔ‬‫ﺍﻷﻤـﻡ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬‫ﺍﻟﻘﺩﻴﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺤﻀﺎﺭﺍﺕ‬‫ﻋـﺭﺏ‬ ‫ﺒـﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﻋﻼﻡ‬ ‫ﺤﻘل‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺅﺜﺭ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﺭﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﺘﻠﻌﺏ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻭﺴﻴﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﻩ‬ ‫ﻭﻜﺎﻨﺕ‬ ،‫ﺍﻹﻋﻼﻤﻴـﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﻫﻤﻴﺘﻬـﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟـﺴﻼﻡ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻴـﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺭﺴﻭل‬ ‫ﻭﺃﺩﺭﻙ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺨﻁﺎﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﻗﻴﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺴﻼﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﻋﺭﻑ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﺠﺎﻫﻠﻴﺔ‬‫ﻟﻠﺨ‬ ‫ﻭﻜﺎﻥ‬ ،‫ﺒﺤﻘﺎﺌﻘﻪ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻹﻋﻼﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺴﻼﻡ‬ ‫ﻨﺸﺭ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﺭﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﻟﺘﻠﻌﺏ‬ ‫ﻓﺎﺴﺘﺜﻤﺭﻫﺎ‬‫ﹰ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﺒـﺎﺭﺯ‬ ‫ﹰ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﺩﻭﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﺒﻭﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻁﺒﺔ‬‫ﱢ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ﻟﻴﻌ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺼﻔﺎ‬ ‫ﺠﺒل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﻼﻡ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻴﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﺒﻲ‬ ‫ﺼﻌﺩ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﻨﺫ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺼﺩﺩ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﺍ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬‫ﺭﺒـﻪ‬ ‫ﻋﻨﺩ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺠﺎﺀﻩ‬ ‫ﺒﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﻗﻭﻤﻪ‬ ‫ﻡ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﺘﻌﺎﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﻟﻘﻭﻟﻪ‬ ‫ﹰ‬‫ﻻ‬‫ﻤﺘﺜﺎ‬:﴿‫ﻥ‬‫ﹺﻴ‬‫ﺒ‬‫ﺭ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻗ‬َ‫ﺄ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﺍ‬ ‫ﻙ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﺘ‬‫ﺭ‬‫ﻴ‬‫ﺸ‬‫ﻋ‬ ‫ﺭ‬‫ﺫ‬‫َﻨ‬‫ﺃ‬‫ﻭ‬﴾)‫ﺍﻟﺸﻌﺭﺍﺀ‬:214(.3‫ﺍﻟﻤﻨﺎﺩﺍﺓ‬ ‫ـ‬:‫ﻭﺘﻌﺩ‬‫ﻫﺫﻩ‬ ‫ﺘﺯﺍل‬ ‫ﻭﻻ‬ ‫ﻗﺩﻴﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﺇﻋﻼﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺴﻴﻠﺔ‬‫ﻤﻨﺘﺸﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻭﺴﻴﻠﺔ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﺘﻤﻌﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻜﺜﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﺘﺨﻠﻔﺔ‬،‫ﺍﻟﺠﺎﻫﻠﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺼﺭ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺭﺏ‬ ‫ﻤﺎﺭﺴﻬﺎ‬‫؛‬‫ﺃﻫﻠﻬـﺎ‬ ‫ﻹﻋـﻼﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻨﻁﻘـﺔ‬ ‫ﻴﺠﻭﺏ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻨﺎﺩﻱ‬ ‫ﻓﻜﺎﻥ‬‫ﺫﻟﻙ‬ ‫ﻏﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻬﺎﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻷﺤﺩﺍﺙ‬،‫ﺍﻟﻨﺩﺍﺀ‬ ‫ﺘﻁﻭﺭ‬ ‫ﻭﻗﺩ‬‫ﺃ‬ ‫ﻋـﻥ‬ ‫ﻟﻺﻋـﻼﻡ‬ ‫ﻨﺩﺍﺀ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺴﻼﻡ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬‫ﻭﻗـﺎﺕ‬‫ﺘﻌﺎﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﻗﺎل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺼﻼﺓ‬:﴿‫ﹰ‬‫ﻻ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﺠ‬‫ﹺ‬‫ﺭ‬ ‫ﻙ‬‫ﹸﻭ‬‫ﺘ‬ْ‫ﺄ‬‫ﻴ‬ ‫ﺞ‬‫ﺤ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﹺﺎ‬‫ﺒ‬ ‫ﹺ‬‫ﺱ‬‫ﱠﺎ‬‫ﻨ‬‫ﺍﻟ‬ ‫ﻲ‬‫ﻓ‬ ‫ﱢﻥ‬‫ﺫ‬َ‫ﺃ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﺞ‬‫ﹶـ‬‫ﻓ‬ ‫ﱢ‬‫ل‬‫ﹸ‬‫ﻜ‬ ‫ﻥ‬‫ﻤ‬ ‫ﻥ‬‫ﻴ‬‫ﺘ‬ْ‫ﺄ‬‫ﻴ‬ ‫ﹴ‬‫ﺭ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﻀ‬ ‫ﱢ‬‫ل‬‫ﹸ‬‫ﻜ‬ ‫ﹶﻰ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ﻋ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﻕ‬‫ﻴ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ﻋ‬﴾)‫ﺍﻟﺤﺞ‬:27(.4‫ﺍﻟﺒﺭﻴﺩ‬ ‫ـ‬:‫ﻫﺎﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﺇﻋﻼﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻜﻭﺴﻴﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺴﻼﻤﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺎﺭﻴﺦ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺭﻴﺩ‬ ‫ﻋﺭﻑ‬،‫ﻨﻘﻠﻪ‬ ‫ﻭﻗﺩ‬‫ﻋـﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌـﺭﺏ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﻤﺎﻟﻴﻙ‬ ‫ﺯﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺘﻘﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻏﺎﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺭﻴﺩ‬ ‫ﻭﺼل‬ ‫ﻭﻗﺩ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺯﻨﻁﻴﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻋﻥ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﺭﺱ‬،‫ﺍﺴـﺘﺨﺩﻡ‬ ‫ﺤﻴـﺙ‬‫ﺍﻟﺤﻤﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺒﻭﺍﺴﻁﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﻭﻱ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺭﻴﺩ‬‫ﺍﻟﺤﺭﺏ‬ ‫ﻭﺃﻤﻭﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺨﺒﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﻟﻨﻘل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺯﺍﺠل‬)،‫ﺤﻤﺎﺩ‬2002:122(.‫ﻭﻫﻜﺫﺍ‬‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﻭﻏﻴﺭﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﻋﻼﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻭﺴﺎﺌل‬ ‫ﻫﺫﻩ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺎﻀﻲ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺴﻼﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﻋﻭﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﺴﺘﻔﺎﺩﺕ‬‫ﺍﻹ‬ ‫ﻭﻀﻌﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻀﻭﺍﺒﻁ‬ ‫ﻀﻤﻥ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺱ‬ ‫ﺒﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻨﺸﺭ‬‫ﺍﻷﺨﺒـﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﻨـﺸﺭ‬ ‫ﻤـﻊ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻌﺎﻤل‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺴﻼﻡ‬‫ﺒﺎﻟﺩﻋﻭﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺨﺎﺼﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻷﻤﻭﺭ‬.‫ﻋﻨﺩﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﻋﻼﻡ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﺭ‬ ‫ﺘﻁﻭﺭ‬ ‫ﺜﻡ‬‫ﻤﺅ‬ ‫ﺘﻁﻭﺭﺕ‬‫ﻭﻭﺴﺎﺌﻠﻪ‬ ‫ﺴﺴﺎﺘﻪ‬،‫ﺃﺴـﺎﻟﻴﺏ‬ ‫ﻴـﺴﺘﺨﺩﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﺃﺼﺒﺢ‬‫ﻤﺘﻌﺩﺩﺓ‬‫ﺍﻷﺨﺒﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﻨﺸﺭ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬‫ﺩﻓـﻊ‬ ‫ﻤﻤـﺎ‬ ،‫ﻭﺍﻟﻤﺤﻠﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻹﻗﻠﻴﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻟﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺤﺩﺍﺙ‬ ‫ﺒﻤﺠﺭﻴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺘﻌﻠﻘﺔ‬‫ﻤﺼﺎﻟﺤﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻋﻥ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺩﻓﺎﻉ‬ ‫ﻜﻭﺴﻴﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺴﻜﺭﻱ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺨﻴﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﺇﺴﻘﺎﻁ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻜﺒﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﻭل‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻜﺜﻴﺭ‬‫ﺃﻭ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﺨﺎﺼﺔ‬،‫ﻭﺍﺴﺘﻌﻤﺎﺭﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﻘﻴﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﻠﺩﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺜﺭﻭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻟﻨﻬﺏ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬،‫ﻭﺍﻟﻤﺩﻤﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﺘﺎﻜﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻸﺴﻠﺤﺔ‬ ‫ﺇﻤﺘﻼﻜﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺭﻏﻡ‬PDF created with pdfFactory trial version www.pdffactory.com
    • 13‫ﺒـﺸﺭﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺨـﺴﺎﺌﺭ‬ ‫ﻤﺎﺩﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺘﻜﻠﻔﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﻜﺜﺭ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﺘﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻘﻠﻴﺩﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻷﺴﺎﻟﻴﺏ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻭﺴﺎﺌل‬ ‫ﻫﺫﻩ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﺃﻴﻘﻨﺕ‬ ‫ﺃﻨﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺇﻻ‬،‫ﹰ‬‫ﺔ‬‫ﻤﻘﺎﺭﻨ‬،‫ﺍﻟﻤﻭﺠﻬﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﻔﺴﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟﺤﺭﻭﺏ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﺒﺎﻟﺘﺎﻟﻲ‬‫ﺃﺨﺫ‬‫ﺍﻟﺤﻴـﺯ‬ ‫ﻴﺤﺘـل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﻔﺴﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺘﻭﻯ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻌﺎﻤل‬‫ﺍﻟ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﻅﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺘﺨﺩﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺴﻠﺤﺔ‬ ‫ﺒﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻜﺒﺭ‬‫ﺍﻟﺠﺩﻴﺩ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﻟﻲ‬‫؛‬،‫ﺍﻟﻤـﺴﺘﻬﺩﻓﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﻋـﻲ‬ ‫ﻋﻠـﻰ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺘﺄﺜﻴﺭ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﹰ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﺇﻁﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﻔﺴﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺭﺏ‬ ‫ﻓﻴﻪ‬ ‫ﺃﺨﺫﺕ‬‫ﺸﻤﻭﻟﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﻜﺜﺭ‬،،‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﺭﻭﻓـﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﺩﻭﺍﺘﻬـﺎ‬ ‫ﺃﺤﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﻋﻼﻡ‬ ‫ﻓﻴﻪ‬ ‫ﻭﺃﺼﺒﺢ‬‫ﺍﻟﺩﻗﻴﻕ‬ ‫ﻤﻔﻬﻭﻤﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﺒﺎﺕ‬:‫ﻭﺍﻵﺭﺍﺀ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﻨﺎﻋـﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻹﻴﺠﺎﺩ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻌﻠﻨﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﺭﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﻔﺴﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻁﻴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﺴﺘﺨﺩﺍﻡ‬‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﻌﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺼﺎﻟﺢ‬ ‫ﺘﺄﻤﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺘﺴﻬل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻲ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻻﺘﺠﺎﻫﺎﺕ‬‫ﺍﻟﺼﺭﺍﻉ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﺤﻠﻴل‬ ‫ﺇﺩﺍﺭﺓ‬)،‫ﻤﺤﻤﺩ‬1997:221(‫ﺘ‬ ‫ﺒﺸﻴﻭﻉ‬ ‫ﻭﻻ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﻋﻼﻡ‬ ‫ﺘﻘﻨﻴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺒﺘﻁﻭﺭ‬ ‫ﻨﺸﺄﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﺘﺭﺘﺒﻁ‬ ‫ﻟﻡ‬ ‫ﻤﻔﻬﻭﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﻔﺴﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺭﺏ‬ ‫ﻟﻜﻥ‬‫ﻁﺒﻴﻘﺎﺕ‬‫ﺒل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﺩﻴﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﻭﻟﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﻅﺎﻡ‬‫ﺠﻨـﻭﺩﻫﻡ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺴﻜﺭﻴﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﺎﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﺒﻌﺽ‬ ‫ﺃﺩﺭﻙ‬ ‫ﻋﻨﺩﻤﺎ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﺤﺭﻭﺏ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﻴﻌﻭﺩ‬‫ﻭﻜﺫﻟ‬ ،‫ﺃﺨﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺘﺎﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﺒﻥ‬ ‫ﺤﺩ‬ ‫ﻭﻴﺘﺒﻠﺩﻭﻥ‬ ،‫ﺘﺎﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺸﺭﺴﺎ‬ ‫ﻗﺘﺎﻻ‬ ‫ﻴﻘﺎﺘﻠﻭﻥ‬‫ﻴﺴﺘﺒﺴﻠﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺫﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺩﻭ‬ ‫ﺠﻨﻭﺩ‬ ‫ﻙ‬‫ﺍﻟﺘﻨـﺎﻗﺽ‬ ‫ﺫﻟـﻙ‬ ‫ﻋﺯﻭﺍ‬ ‫ﺤﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺃﺨﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺘﺎﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻤﺘﻘﻬﻘﺭﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﻴﻨﺴﺤﺒﻭﻥ‬ ،‫ﺘﺎﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻤﻭﺍﻀﻌﻬﻡ‬ ‫ﻋﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﻓﺎﻉ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬،‫ﻋﻨـﺩﻫﻡ‬ ‫ﺘﻘﻭﻴﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﻭﺴﺎﺌل‬ ‫ﻭﺘﻁﻭﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﻟﺩﺭﺍﺴﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺨﺘﺼﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﻭﺠﻬﻭﺍ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﻔﺴﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻤل‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﻨﻔﻌﺎﻟﻲ‬‫ﺍﻟﻌﺩﻴ‬ ‫ﺸﻤﻠﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﺎل‬ ‫ﻫﺫﺍ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻠﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺇﺠﺭﺍﺀﺍﺘﻬﻡ‬ ‫ﻓﻜﺎﻨﺕ‬ ،‫ﺨﺼﻭﻤﻬﻡ‬ ‫ﻋﻨﺩ‬ ‫ﻭﺇﻀﻌﺎﻓﻪ‬‫ﺍﻟﻭﺴـﺎﺌل‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺩ‬‫ﻭﺍﻷﺩﻭﺍﺕ‬،‫ﺍﻟﺜﺎﻨﻴـﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻟﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺭﺏ‬ ‫ﺒﻌﺩ‬ ‫ﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﹶﺕ‬‫ﻓ‬‫ﹺ‬‫ﺭ‬‫ﻋ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﻔﺴﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺭﺏ‬ ‫ﻋﻨﻭﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺘﺤﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﻀﻌﺕ‬‫؛‬‫ﻋﺎﺘﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻹﺠﺭﺍﺀﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻁﻭﺍﺭﺉ‬ ‫ﻭﻗﺕ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺭﺏ‬ ‫ﻭﻗﺕ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﻭﻟﺔ‬ ‫ﺠﺎﻨﺏ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺨﻁﻁ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻻﺴﺘﺨﺩﺍﻡ‬‫؛‬‫ﺒﻁﺭﻴﻘ‬ ‫ﺼﺩﻴﻘﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﻤﺤﺎﻴﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﻋﺩﺍﺌﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﺠﻨﺒﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺠﻤﺎﻋﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﺴﻠﻭﻙ‬ ‫ﻭﻋﻭﺍﻁﻑ‬ ‫ﺃﺭﺍﺀ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺄﺜﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺒﻘﺼﺩ‬‫ﺔ‬‫ﻭﺃﻫﺩﺍﻓﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﻭﻟﺔ‬ ‫ﺴﻴﺎﺴﺔ‬ ‫ﺘﺤﻘﻴﻕ‬ ‫ﻋﻥ‬ ‫ﺘﻌﺒﺭ‬.‫ﺍﻷﺠﻬـﺯﺓ‬ ‫ﻭﻜل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺘﻭﻓﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺩﻭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻜل‬ ‫ﺘﺴﺘﻌﻤل‬ ‫ﺸﺎﻤﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﺤﻤﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﺒﺄﻨﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺒﻘﻠﻴل‬ ‫ﺫﻟﻙ‬ ‫ﺒﻌﺩ‬ ‫ﻭﻋﺭﻓﺕ‬‫ﺇﻟـﻰ‬ ‫ﺘﺅﺩﻱ‬ ‫ﺃﺨﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﻤﻭﺍﻗﻑ‬ ‫ﻭﺇﺤﻼل‬ ،‫ﻤﻌﻴﻨﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﻭﺍﻗﻑ‬ ‫ﺘﺩﻤﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺒﻬﺩﻑ‬ ‫ﻤﺤﺩﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﺠﻤﺎﻋﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﻘﻭل‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺘﺄﺜﻴﺭ‬‫ﺍﻟﺤﻤﻠ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﻩ‬ ‫ﻴﺸﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺫﻱ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻁﺭﻑ‬ ‫ﻤﺼﺎﻟﺢ‬ ‫ﻤﻊ‬ ‫ﺘﺘﻔﻕ‬ ‫ﺴﻠﻭﻜﻴﺔ‬‫ﺔ‬)،‫ﻤﺤﻤﺩ‬1997:222(.‫ﺍﻟﺘﺎﺭﻴﺨﻴﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﺎﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﺸﻌﺭ‬ ‫ﻭﻗﺩ‬‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻟﻡ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﻥ‬‫ﺃﻫﻤﻴ‬‫ﺔ‬‫ﺒﺄﺸﻜﺎﻟﻬﺎ؛‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﻔﺴﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺭﺏ‬‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺘﺴﺘﻬﺩﻑ‬ ‫ﻷﻨﻬﺎ‬‫ﻋﻘﻠﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻘﺎﺘل‬‫ﻭﻗﻠﺒﻪ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﻔﻜﻴﺭﻩ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﻘﻀﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻨﻭﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺭﻭﺤﻪ‬ ‫ﺘﺤﻁﻡ‬‫ﺇ‬‫ﺒﺎﻟﺘﺎﻟﻲ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﻘﻭﺩﻩ‬ ‫ﻓﻴﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﺘﺎل‬ ‫ﺭﺍﺩﺓ‬‫ﺇ‬‫ﺍﻟﻬﺯﻴ‬ ‫ﻟﻰ‬،‫ﻤﺔ‬‫ﻭﻴﻌ‬‫ﺩ‬‫ﺍﻟﺭﺴﻭل‬‫ﻭﺴﻠﻡ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻴﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﷲ‬ ‫ﺼﻠﻰ‬‫ﻤﻌﺭﻜـ‬ ‫ﻴﻜﺴﺏ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺎﺭﻴﺦ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﻋﺴﻜﺭﻱ‬ ‫ﻗﺎﺌﺩ‬ ‫ﺃﻭل‬‫ﺔ‬،‫ﻭﺤﺩﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﻔﺴﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟﺤﺭﺏ‬ ‫ﻜﺎﻤﻠﺔ‬‫ﻤﻜﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﻌﺭﻜﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﻭﺫﻟﻙ‬..‫ﹰ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﺤﺭﻴﺼ‬ ‫ﻜﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻓﻘﺩ‬‫ﺤﻴﻨﻬـﺎ‬‫ﻴﺭﻴـﻕ‬ ‫ﻻ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬‫ﻻ‬ ‫ﻭﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﺩﻡ‬ ‫ﻨﻘﻁﺔ‬‫ﺩ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﻘ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺭﻡ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﺍ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﻼﺡ‬ ‫ﻴﺴﺘﻌﻤل‬‫ﺱ‬.‫ﻻﻨﺘﻬـﺎﻙ‬ ‫ﺴـﺎﺒﻘﺔ‬ ‫ﺘﻠـﻙ‬ ‫ﺘﻜﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﻻ‬ ‫ﺤﺘﻰ‬،‫ﺍﻟﻜﻌﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﺤﺭﻤﺔ‬‫ﹰ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﺃﺴﻠﻭﺒ‬ ‫ﺫﻟﻙ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺭﺴﻭل‬ ‫ﺍﺘﺒﻊ‬ ‫ﻭﻗﺩ‬‫ﹰ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﻓﺭﻴﺩ‬‫ﺍﻟﻨﻔـﺴﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺭﺏ‬ ‫ﻗﻭﺍﻋﺩ‬ ‫ﺇﺭﺴﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬‫ﻀـﺩ‬‫ﻭ‬ ،‫ﺃﻋﺩﺍﺌﻪ‬‫ﻋﻥ‬ ‫ﺫﻟﻙ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﻭﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﺒﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻜﺎﻥ‬‫ﻤﺎﻟﻙ‬ ‫ﺒﻥ‬ ‫ﺃﻨﺱ‬‫ﺤﻴﺙ‬‫ﻗﺎل‬:‫ﺍﷲ‬ ‫ﺼﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﷲ‬ ‫ﺭﺴﻭل‬ ‫ﺩﺨل‬‫ﻴﻔ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﻗﺒل‬ ‫ﹰ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﻤﻌﺘﻤﺭ‬ ‫ﻤﻜﺔ‬ ‫ﺴﻠﻡ‬ ‫ﻭ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻴﻪ‬‫ﻭ‬ ‫ﻴﺩﻴﻪ‬ ‫ﺒﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻴﻤﺸﻲ‬ ‫ﺭﻭﺍﺤﻪ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﺒﻥ‬ ‫ﺘﺤﻬﺎ‬‫ﻴﻘﻭل‬ ‫ﻫﻭ‬:‫ﺘﻨﺯﻴﻠﻪ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻨﻀﺭﺒﻜﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻴﻭﻡ‬ ‫ﺴﺒﻴﻠﻪ‬ ‫ﻋﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻜﻔﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﺒﻨﻲ‬ ‫ﺨﻠﻭﺍ‬‫ﹰ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﻀﺭﺒ‬‫ﺍﻟﻬﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﻴﺯﻴل‬‫ﻋ‬‫ﺨﻠﻴﻠﻪ‬ ‫ﻋﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺨﻠﻴل‬ ‫ﻴﺫﻫل‬ ‫ﻭ‬ ‫ﻤﻘﻴﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﻥ‬PDF created with pdfFactory trial version www.pdffactory.com
    • 14‫ﻋﻤﺭ‬ ‫ﻓﻘﺎل‬:‫ﻫﺫﺍ‬ ‫ﺘﻘﻭل‬ ‫ﺴﻠﻡ‬ ‫ﻭ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻴﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﷲ‬ ‫ﺼﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﷲ‬ ‫ﺭﺴﻭل‬ ‫ﻴﺩﻱ‬ ‫ﺒﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﷲ‬ ‫ﺤﺭﻡ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺭﻭﺍﺤﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﺒﻥ‬ ‫ﻴﺎ‬‫ﺴﻠﻡ‬ ‫ﻭ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻴﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﷲ‬ ‫ﺼﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﺒﻲ‬ ‫ﻓﻘﺎل‬ ‫؟‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺸﻌﺭ‬:‫ﺃﺸـﺩ‬ ‫ﻟﻜﻼﻤﻪ‬ ‫ﺒﻴﺩﻩ‬ ‫ﻨﻔﺴﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺫﻱ‬ ‫ﻓﻭ‬ ‫ﻋﻤﺭ‬ ‫ﻴﺎ‬ ‫ﻋﻨﻪ‬ ‫ﺨل‬‫ﺍﻟﻨﺒل‬ ‫ﻭﻗﻊ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻴﻬﻡ‬")‫ﻤﺴﻠﻡ‬ ‫ﺼﺤﻴﺢ‬3/353:3376(،‫ﻓﺈﻗﺭﺍﺭﻩ‬‫ﻤﻨـﻪ‬ ‫ﺘﺸﺠﻴﻊ‬ ‫ﺭﻭﺍﺤﻪ‬ ‫ﻻﺒﻥ‬–‫ﻋﻠﻴﻪ‬‫ﺍﻟﻨﻭﻉ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﺍ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﺴﺘﺨﺩﺍﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﻼﻡ‬‫ﻭﻫﻭ‬)‫ﻌﺭ‬‫ﺸ‬‫ﺍﻟ‬(‫ﺍﻷﻋﺩﺍﺀ‬ ‫ﻟﻤﻭﺍﺠﻬﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﻔﺴﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺭﺏ‬ ‫ﺃﺴﺎﻟﻴﺏ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬.‫ﺍﻷﻟﻤﺎﻨﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﺎﺌﺩ‬ ‫ﻭﻜﺫﻟﻙ‬‫ﺭﻭﻤل‬‫ﻗﺎل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺫﻱ‬:‫ﺇ‬‫ﻋﻘﻭل‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻴﺴﻴﻁﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺫﻱ‬ ‫ﻫﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺠﺢ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﺎﺌﺩ‬ ‫ﻥ‬‫ﺃﺒﺩﺍﻨﻬﻡ‬ ‫ﻗﺒل‬ ‫ﺃﻋﺩﺍﺌﻪ‬،‫ﺍﻟﺠﻨﺭﺍل‬ ‫ﻭﻴﻘﻭل‬‫ﺸﺎﺭل‬‫ﺩﻴﻐﻭل‬:‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﻟﺔ‬ ‫ﺘﻨﺘﺼﺭ‬ ‫ﻟﻜﻲ‬‫ﺤﺭﺏ‬،‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻴﻬـﺎ‬‫ﻗﻭﺍﺘﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺘﺘﺤﺭﻙ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﻗﺒل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﻔﺴﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺭﺏ‬ ‫ﺘﺸﻥ‬‫ﺇ‬‫ﺍﻟﺤﺭﺏ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﻩ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﻅل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﺘﺎل‬ ‫ﻤﻴﺎﺩﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻟﻰ‬‫ﺘـﺴﺎﻨ‬‫ﻫـﺫﻩ‬ ‫ﺩ‬‫ﻤﻬﻤﺘﻬ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺘﻨﺘﻬﻲ‬ ‫ﺤﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﻭﺍﺕ‬‫ﺒﻘﻭﻟﻪ‬ ‫ﺘﺸﺭﺸل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﺎﺌﺩ‬ ‫ﹰ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﺃﻴﻀ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻴﻪ‬ ‫ﺃﻜﺩ‬ ‫ﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﻫﺫﺍ‬ ،‫ﺎ‬:‫ﹰ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﻜﺜﻴﺭ‬‫ﻴ‬‫ﻏ‬ ‫ﻤﺎ‬‫ﺭﺕ‬‫ﺍﻟﺘﺎﺭﻴﺦ‬ ‫ﻭﺠﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﻔﺴﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺭﺏ‬)‫ﺏ‬ ،‫ﻤﺤﻔﻭﻅ‬.‫ﺕ‬:77.(‫ﺨﻁﻭﺭ‬ ‫ﺠﺎﺀﺕ‬ ‫ﻫﻨﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﻥ‬‫ﺓ‬‫ﺍﻟﺤﺭ‬ ‫ﺴﻼﺡ‬‫ﻴﺤﺘل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺩﻴﺙ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺼﺭ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺃﺼﺒﺢ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺫﻱ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﻔﺴﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺏ‬‫ﺃ‬ ‫ﺒﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺼﺩﺍﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻤﻜﺎﻥ‬‫ﹰ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﺃﺜﺭ‬ ‫ﺃﺸﺩ‬ ‫ﻴﻜﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﻗﺩ‬ ‫ﺒﺄﻨﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺴﻜﺭﻴﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﻴﺅﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺫﻱ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺭﻭﺏ‬ ‫ﺴﻠﺤﺔ‬‫ﻤﻥ‬‫ﺍﻷﺴﻠﺤﺔ‬‫ﺒﺴﺭﻋﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﺼﺭ‬ ‫ﻫﺩﻑ‬ ‫ﺘﺤﻘﻴﻕ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺨﺭﻯ‬،‫ﻭﺒﺄﻗل‬‫ﺍﻟ‬‫ﺨﺴﺎﺌ‬‫ﻭﺍﻟﺒﺸﺭﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺎﺩﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺭ‬.‫ﺍﻟﻤـﺴﻤﻭﻋﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺘﻌـﺩﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﻋﻼﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﺴﺎﺌل‬ ‫ﻋﺒﺭ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺠﻤﺎﻫﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﻔﺴﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺭﺏ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﺩﺨل‬‫ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻘـﺭﻭﺀﺓ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬‫ﺘﺘﺨﺫ‬ ‫ﻜﻤﺎ‬ ،‫ﺍﻷﺸﺨﺎﺹ‬ ‫ﻋﺒﺭ‬ ‫ﺤﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﺌﻴﺔ‬‫ﹰ‬‫ﻻ‬‫ﺃﺸﻜﺎ‬‫ﻜﺜﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﻭﺃﺴﺎﻟﻴﺏ‬‫ﺓ‬‫ﻓـﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺱ‬ ‫ﻟﺠﻤﻴﻊ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻭﺼﻭل‬‫ﻋﻠﻴﻬ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﺄﺜﻴﺭ‬ ،‫ﺍﻵﺨﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻁﺭﻑ‬‫ﻡ‬‫ﺍﻟﺨﺎﺼﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺼﺎﻟﺢ‬ ‫ﻴﺨﺩﻡ‬ ‫ﺒﻤﺎ‬،‫ﻟﻠﻌﺩﻭ‬‫ﻭﻫﻨﺎﻙ‬‫ﺭﺌﻴﺴﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﺴﺎﻟﻴﺏ‬ ‫ﺃﺭﺒﻌﺔ‬‫ﻭﻫﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﻔﺴﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺤﺭﺏ‬:‫ﺃ‬-‫ﺍﻟﺩﻋﺎﻴﺔ‬:‫ﻨ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺩﻴﺜﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﻋﻼﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﺴﺎﺌل‬ ‫ﺍﺴﺘﺨﺩﺍﻡ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﻘﻭﻡ‬‫ﻭﺍﻟﻤﻌﺘﻘﺩﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻟﻸﻓﻜﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﺭﻭﻴﺞ‬ ‫ﺸﺭ‬،‫ﻭﺘﺭﻭﻴﺠﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻨﺸﺭﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﺘﻭﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻲ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻷﺨﺒﺎﺭ‬‫؛‬‫ﻤﻌﻴﻨـﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﺘﺠﺎﻫﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﺨﻠﻕ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻓﺭﺍﺩ‬ ‫ﻨﻔﺴﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺄﺜﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺒﻐﺭﺽ‬‫ﻟﺩﻴﻬﻡ‬.‫ﺘﺄﺨﺫ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﻔﺴﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺭﺏ‬ ‫ﺃﺴﺎﻟﻴﺏ‬ ‫ﻜﺄﺤﺩ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺩﻋﺎﻴﺔ‬‫ﹰ‬‫ﻻ‬‫ﺃﺸﻜﺎ‬‫ﹰ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﻁﺒﻘ‬ ‫ﻤﺘﻨﻭﻋﺔ‬‫ﹰ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﻭﻁﺒﻘ‬ ‫ﻟﻸﻫﺩﺍﻑ‬‫ﻟﻨـﻭﻉ‬‫ﺠ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﻭ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺠﻤﺎﻋﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻓﺭﺍﺩ‬‫ﺇﻟﻴﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻬﺔ‬،‫ﺍﻻﻗﺘ‬ ‫ﺘﺴﺘﻬﺩﻑ‬ ‫ﻓﺎﻟﺩﻋﺎﻴﺔ‬‫ﺒﺎﻟﻨﺼﺭ‬ ‫ﻨﺎﻉ‬‫ﻭﺇﻗﻨﺎﻉ‬‫ﺒﻬﺯﻴﻤﺘـﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺩﻭ‬.‫ﻭﻤﻌﺘﻘﺩﺍﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﺒﻤﺒﺎﺩﺌﻪ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﺸﻜﻴﻜﻪ‬‫ﻭﺍﻟﺭﻭﺤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻭﻁﻨﻴﺔ‬،‫ﻭﺯﺭﻉ‬‫ﺸﺭﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺃﻓﺭﺍﺩﻩ‬ ‫ﻨﻔﻭﺱ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺸﻙ‬ ‫ﺒﺫﻭﺭ‬‫ﺒﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻹﻴﻤﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻗﻀﻴﺘﻬﻡ‬.‫ﺼﻔﻭﻑ‬ ‫ﺒﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻭﺌﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﻋﺩﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﺭﻗﺔ‬ ‫ﺒﺙ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻭل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻘﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﻋﺎﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﺴﺘﻬﺩﻑ‬‫ﺘﺴﻌﻰ‬ ‫ﻓﻬﻲ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻤﻘﺎﺘﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﻭﺤﺩﺍﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺨﺼﻡ‬‫ﻭﺤﻠﻔﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺨﺼﻡ‬ ‫ﺒﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺘﻔﺭﻴﻕ‬‫ﺌﻪ‬،‫ﻭﺍﻟـﺸﻌﺏ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﻜﻭﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺒﻴﻥ‬،‫ﻭﺍﻟﺠﻨﻭﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﺎﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﻭﺒﻴﻥ‬،‫ﺍﻟﻤﺨﺘﻠﻔﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻷﺤﺯﺍﺏ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻁﻭﺍﺌﻑ‬ ‫ﻭﺒﻴﻥ‬،‫ﻭﺍﻷﻏﻠﺒﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻗﻠﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺒﻴﻥ‬،‫ﻤـﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﻘﺼﺩ‬‫ﺍﻟﻨﺼﺭ‬ ‫ﻟﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻟﻴﺴﻬل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺼﻔﻭﻑ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﻔﺭﻴﻕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻭﺤﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﺘﻔﺘﻴﺕ‬ ‫ﻜﻠﻪ‬ ‫ﺫﻟﻙ‬ ‫ﻭﺭﺍﺀ‬)،‫ﺒﺩﺭ‬1982:38(.‫ﺏ‬-‫ﺤ‬‫ﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺯﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻓﺘﻌﺎل‬‫ﺒ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﺅﺍﻤﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻙ‬:‫ﺤﺎﺩﺙ‬ ‫ﺍﺴﺘﻐﻼل‬ ‫ﻋﻥ‬ ‫ﻋﺒﺎﺭﺓ‬‫ﻤﻌﻴ‬ ‫ﺤﻭﺍﺩﺙ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬‫ﻨ‬‫ﺘ‬ ‫ﻗﺩ‬ ‫ﺔ‬‫ﻜﻭﻥ‬‫ﺒﺴﻴﻁﺔ‬‫؛‬‫ﺃ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺒﻨﺠﺎﺡ‬ ‫ﺍﺴﺘﻐﻼﻟﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻴﺘﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﻟﻜﻥ‬‫ﻤﻨﻬـﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﺘـﺴﺘﻔﻴﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺩﻭ‬ ‫ﻨﻔﺴﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺘﺅﺜﺭ‬ ‫ﺃﺯﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﺨﻠﻕ‬ ‫ﺠل‬‫ﺍﻷﺴ‬ ‫ﻟﻬﺫﺍ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺘﺨﺩﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﻭﻟﺔ‬‫ﻠﻭﺏ‬.‫ﻷ‬ ‫ﺇﺴﺭﺍﺌﻴل‬ ‫ﺍﻓﺘﻌﺎل‬ ‫ﺫﻟﻙ‬ ‫ﻤﺜﺎل‬‫ﻭﻨـﺸﺎﻁ‬ ‫ﺴﻭﺭﻴﺎ‬ ‫ﻤﻊ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺩﻭﺩ‬ ‫ﺯﻤﺔ‬‫ﺍﻟﻔﺩﺍﺌ‬‫ﻋﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺭﺏ‬ ‫ﻟﺸﻥ‬ ‫ﻜﻤﺒﺭﺭ‬ ‫ﻴﻴﻥ‬1967‫ﻡ‬.PDF created with pdfFactory trial version www.pdffactory.com
    • 15‫ﺝ‬-‫ﺇﺸﺎﻋ‬‫ﻭﺍﻟﻔﻭﻀﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺭﻋﺏ‬ ‫ﺔ‬:‫ﻤﻬﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺴﻴﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﻫﺫﻩ‬‫ﺍﻟﺨـﻭﻑ‬ ‫ﻋﺎﻁﻔﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﺴﺘﻐﻼل‬ ‫ﺒﻭﺍﺴﻁﺔ‬ ‫ﺘﺴﺘﺨﺩﻡ‬‫؛‬‫ﺍﻟﻭﺴﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﺴﺘﺨﺩﺍﻡ‬ ‫ﺨﻼل‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺇﺨﻀﺎﻋﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺸﻌﻭﺏ‬ ‫ﻹﺭﻫﺎﺏ‬‫ﺍﻟﻔﻭﻀـﻰ‬ ‫ﻤـﻥ‬ ‫ﺤﺎﻟﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﺨﻠﻕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺨﺘﻠﻔﺔ‬ ‫ﺌل‬،‫ﻋﻥ‬ ‫ﻴﺴﻬل‬‫ﻁﺭﻴﻘ‬‫ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻐﻠﺏ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﻴﻁﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻬﺎ‬.‫ﺃ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﻥ‬‫ﻫﺠـﻭﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻨﺘﻅـﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺨﻭﻑ‬ ‫ﺇﺜﺎﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻭﺍﻤل‬ ‫ﺸﺩ‬‫ﻨﻭﻋ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﺨﻤﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺩﻭ‬‫ﻴ‬‫ﻤﻨﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺴﻴﺄﺘﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻲ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺠﻬﺔ‬ ‫ﺔ‬.‫ﺍﻟ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻨﻁﻕ‬ ‫ﻴﻜﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﻓﺤﻴﻨﺌﺫ‬‫ﻫـﻭ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺠﻨـﻭﺩ‬ ‫ﻨﻔﺴﻲ‬" :‫ﺍﻨﺘﻅﺎﺭﻩ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺨﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﻼﺀ‬ ‫ﻭﻗﻭﻉ‬. "‫ﻭﺤﻴﻨﺌﺫ‬‫ﻴ‬‫ﺍﻟﺘﺨـﻴﻼﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﻜﺜـﺭ‬ ‫ﻨﻔﻭﺴـﻬﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻘﻠـﻕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟـﺸﻙ‬ ‫ﺴﻭﺩ‬‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﺨﻤﻴﻨﺎﺕ‬،‫ﻭﺘﺠﺩ‬‫ﺍﻹﺸﺎﻋﺎﺕ‬‫ﹰ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﻤﺭﺘﻌ‬ ‫ﻟﻨﻔﺴﻬﺎ‬‫ﹰ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﺨﺼﺒ‬‫ﺒﻴﻨﻬﻡ‬.‫ﹰ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﻭﻜﺜﻴﺭ‬‫ﺒﺎﻟﺠﻨﻭﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺘﺒﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﻠﻕ‬ ‫ﻴﺩﻓﻊ‬ ‫ﻤﺎ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻬﺠﻭﻡ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﺨﻴﻑ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﻨﺘﻅﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻟﻴﺨﻠﺼﻭﺍ‬ ‫ﺘﻌﺠل‬‫ﻜﺜ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻤﺭﻴﻜﻴﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﺨﺴﺭ‬ ‫ﻭﻗﺩ‬ ،‫ﹰ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﻴﺭ‬‫ﺍﻟﺠﻨـﻭﺩ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬‫ﺍﻷﻗﺼﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺸﺭﻕ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻴﺎﺒﺎﻨﻴﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﻊ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻐﺎﺒﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻗﺘﺎل‬ ‫ﺃﺜﻨﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻁﺭﻴﻘﺔ‬ ‫ﺒﻬﺫﻩ‬.‫ﺍﻟﺘﻘﺩﻡ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﻴﻨﺩﻓﻌﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﻜﺎﻨﻭﺍ‬ ‫ﻓﻘﺩ‬‫ﺍﻟﻜﻤﺎﺌﻥ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﻓﻴﻘﻌﻭﻥ‬)،‫ﺒﺩﺭ‬1982:38‫ـ‬39(.‫ﺩ‬-‫ﺍﻹﺸﺎﻋﺔ‬:‫ﻨﻭﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﺒﺎﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻭﻫﻲ‬"‫ﺃﻭ‬‫ﻤﻭﻀﻭﻋﻴﺔ‬"‫ﺸـﺨﺹ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺘﺘﻨﺎﻗل‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺘﺼﺩﻴﻕ‬ ‫ﻤﻘﺩﻤﺔ‬‫ﻵﺨـﺭ‬.‫ﻤﻌ‬ ‫ﺃﺨﺒﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺒﺎﻟﻐﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺘﻌﺘﻤﺩ‬ ‫ﻭﻫﻲ‬‫ﻭﺍﺴـﻊ‬ ‫ﻨﻁﺎﻕ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﻨﺸﺭﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﻟﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﺭﻭﻴﺞ‬ ‫ﻴﻨﺔ‬‫ﺃﻭ‬‫ﺨﻠـﻕ‬‫ﺍﻟﺼﺤﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻟﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺃﺴﺎﺱ‬ ‫ﻻ‬ ‫ﺃﺨﺒﺎﺭ‬.‫ﹰ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﺘﺤﻘﻴﻘ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺭﺃﻱ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺄﺜﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺒﻬﺩﻑ‬ ‫ﺫﻟﻙ‬ ‫ﻜل‬‫ﻷﻫﺩﺍﻑ‬‫ﺴﻴﺎﺴﻴﺔ‬‫ﺃﻭ‬‫ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻴﺔ‬‫ﺃﻭ‬‫ﻋﺴﻜﺭﻴﺔ‬.‫ﺘﻌﺘﻤﺩ‬ ‫ﻓﻘﺩ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﺨﻴﺎل‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻤﻌﺘﻤﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﻜﻠﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺘﻜﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﻻ‬ ‫ﻗﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺸﺎﻋﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﻟﺫﻟﻙ‬‫ﺠﺯﺀ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬‫ﺃ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﻘﻴﻘﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬‫ﺘﺼﺩﻴﻘ‬ ‫ﺇﻤﻜﺎﻨﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺠل‬‫ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺱ‬ ‫ﻗﺒل‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﻘﺒﻠﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻬﺎ‬.‫ﺍﻹﺸـﺎﻋﺔ‬ ‫ﺘﻅﻬـﺭ‬ ‫ﻭﻗﺩ‬‫ﹰ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﺃﺤﻴﺎﻨ‬‫ﻭﺍﻟﻤﺠﻼﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺼﺤﻑ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬‫ﺃﻭ‬‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻠﻔﺯﻴـﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺫﺍﻋـﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﻭﺠﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﻁﺭﻴﻘﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺘﺠﺩ‬.‫ﻭﺘـﺴﺘﺨﺩﻡ‬‫ﺍﻷﺯ‬ ‫ﻭﻗﺕ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﻨﺘﺸﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺸﺎﻋﺔ‬‫ﺃ‬ ‫ﻫـﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺭﺏ‬ ‫ﺯﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻓﺈﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﻟﺫﻟﻙ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻭﻁﻨﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﺎﺕ‬‫ﻨـﺴﺏ‬‫ﺍﺴﺘﻌﺩﺍﺩ‬ ‫ﺤﺎﻟﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻓﺭﺍﺩ‬ ‫ﻴﻜﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﺤﻴﺙ‬ ‫ﻭﻨﺸﺭﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺸﺎﻋﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻟﺘﻠﻙ‬ ‫ﻭﻗﺕ‬‫ﻤـﻥ‬ ‫ﻜﺜﻴـﺭ‬ ‫ﻟﺘﺼﺩﻴﻕ‬ ‫ﻨﻔﺴﻲ‬‫ﹰ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﻨﻅﺭ‬ ‫ﻴﺴﻤﻌﻭﻨﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻲ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻷﻗﺎﻭﻴل‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺨﺒﺎﺭ‬‫ﻟﺤﺎﻟﺔ‬‫ﺍﻟﺘﻭﺘ‬‫ﻴﻌﻴﺸﻭﻨﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺫﻱ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﻔﺴﻲ‬ ‫ﺭ‬.‫ﻓﺈ‬ ‫ﻭﻟﺫﻟﻙ‬‫ﹰ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﻜﺜﻴـﺭ‬ ‫ﻥ‬‫ﺫﻟﻙ‬ ‫ﺃﺩﺭﻜﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﻭل‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﻬﻤـﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﻔـﺴﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤـﺭﺏ‬ ‫ﻭﺴـﺎﺌل‬ ‫ﻜﺄﺤﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺸﺎﻋﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺘﺴﺘﺨﺩﻡ‬ ‫ﺃﺨﺫﺕ‬.‫ﺍﻟﺭﻏﺒـﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺇﺸـﺎﻋﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺨـﻭﻑ‬ ‫ﺇﺸـﺎﻋﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻨﻭﻋﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺭﺏ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺘﺴﺘﺨﺩﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻲ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻹﺸﺎﻋﺎﺕ‬.‫ﻭ‬‫ﺒﺎﻟﻨﻬﺎﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺸﺨﺹ‬ ‫ﺜﻘﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻜﻑ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺘﻬﺩﻑ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟﺨﻁﺭ‬ ‫ﺇﻨﺫﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺘﻨﻁﻭﻱ‬ ‫ﺒﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺨﻭﻑ‬ ‫ﺇﺸﺎﻋﺎﺕ‬‫ﹰ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﻗﻠﻘ‬ ‫ﺘﻭﻟﺩ‬ ‫ﻜﺎﻨﺕ‬ ‫ﺇﺫﺍ‬ ‫ﻓﻬﻲ‬ ، ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺭﺒﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻤﺠﻬﻭﺩﺍﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻅﻔﺭﺓ‬‫ﻨﻅﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺘﺅﺩﻯ‬ ‫ﺃﺤﻴﺎﻨﺎ‬ ‫ﻜﺎﻨﺕ‬ ‫ﻟﻪ‬ ‫ﻟﺯﻭﻡ‬ ‫ﻻ‬‫ﺍﻨﻬﺯﺍﻤﻴﺔ‬.‫ﺴﺎﺫﺝ‬ ‫ﺘﻔﺎﺅل‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺘﺤﺘﻭﻯ‬ ‫ﺃﺨﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﻨﺎﺤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺭﻏﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺇﺸﺎﻋﺎﺕ‬.‫ﺘﺅﺩﻯ‬ ‫ﺇﺫ‬‫ﺍﻟﻘﻨﺎﻋﺔ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬‫ﻭﺍﻟﺭﻀ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﻤﻤﻜﻥ‬ ‫ﺤﺎل‬ ‫ﺃﻱ‬ ‫ﻭﻗﺒﻭل‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺨﻨﻭﻉ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺎل‬ ‫ﻋﻥ‬.‫ﻟﻺ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻷﻤﺜﻠﺔ‬‫ﺸﺎ‬‫ﻻ‬ ‫ﻋﺎﺕ‬‫ﺘﺤـﺼﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﻻ‬ ‫ﺘﻌﺩ‬،‫ﺍﻷﻭﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻟﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺭﺏ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻨﺘﺸﺭﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺜﺎل‬ ‫ﺴﺒﻴل‬ ‫ﻓﻌﻠﻲ‬‫ﺍﻹﺸﺎﻋﺎﺕ‬‫ﺘﻘـﻭل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘـﻲ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻘﺼﺹ‬‫ﺃﻥ‬‫ﺍﻷﻁﻔﺎل‬ ‫ﺃﻴﺩﻱ‬ ‫ﻴﻘﻁﻌﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻟﻤﺎﻥ‬،‫ﻭﺃﻨﻬﻡ‬‫ﺍﻟـﺼﺎﺒﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﻨﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﻴﺼﻨﻌﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻭﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺠﺜﺙ‬ ‫ﻴﻐﻠﻭﻥ‬‫ﻭﺃﻨﻬـﻡ‬‫ﺍﻟﺤﺭﺏ‬ ‫ﺃﺴﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﻴﺼﻠﺒﻭﻥ‬،‫ﺍﻟﺠ‬ ‫ﻭﻓﻲ‬‫ﺍﻷﻟﻤﺎﻨ‬ ‫ﺎﻨﺏ‬‫ﻲ‬‫ﺇﺸـﺎﻋﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺘﻨﺘـﺸﺭ‬ ‫ﻜﺎﻨـﺕ‬‫ﺍﻟﺤﻠﻔـﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﺘﻘـﻭل‬‫ﺍﻟﻐﻭﺭﻴﻼ‬ ‫ﻴﺴﺘﺨﺩﻤﻭﻥ‬‫ﻭﺃ‬ ‫ﺃﻓﺭﻴﻘﻴﺎ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺘﻭﺤﺸﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻨﺎﺱ‬ ‫ﺕ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﺘﺤـﻀﺭﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨـﺎﺱ‬ ‫ﺤﺭﺏ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺴﻴﺎ‬،‫ﻭﺃﻨﻬﻡ‬‫ﺩﻤﺩﻡ‬ ‫ﺭﺼﺎﺹ‬ ‫ﻴﺴﺘﺨﺩﻤﻭﻥ‬‫ﻭﺃﻨﻬﻡ‬‫ﺍﻷﺒﺭﻴﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺩﻨﻴﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻴﻌﺘﻘﻠﻭﻥ‬)،‫ﺒﺩﺭ‬1982:39(.PDF created with pdfFactory trial version www.pdffactory.com
    • 16‫ﺃﻤﺎ‬‫ﺍﻹﺸﺎﻋﺎﺕ‬‫ﺍﻟﺘﺄﺜﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﻟﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻜﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻓﻘﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﺭﺍﺴﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﻭﻀﻭﻉ‬ ‫ﻭﻫﻲ‬‫ﻤﻥ‬ ،‫ﻭﺍﻟﻤﺠﺘﻤﻊ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻗﻭﻯ‬‫ﺴﻬﻭﻟﺔ‬ ‫ﺤﻴﺙ‬‫ﺍﻨﺘﺸﺎﺭﻫﺎ‬،‫ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺘﻬﺩﻓﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﻤﺎﻫﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺒﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﺩﺍﻭﻟﻬﺎ‬‫ﺍﻟﺭﻏﻡ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬‫ﻤـﻥ‬‫ﺼـﻌ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﺒ‬‫ﺔ‬‫ﻤﻌﺭﻓـﺔ‬‫ﻤﺼﺩﺭﻫﺎ‬‫؛‬‫ﺃﺼﺩﻗﺎﺌﻬﻡ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻴﺴﻤﻌﻭﻨﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻀﺤﺎﻴﺎﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﻷﻥ‬،‫ﻤﻤﺎ‬‫ﺍﻟﺼﺎﺩﻕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺨﺒﺭ‬ ‫ﺼﻭﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻴﻌﻁﻴﻬﺎ‬،‫ﺇﻥ‬ ‫ﺒـل‬‫ﻤﺭﻭﺠﻭﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﻫﻡ‬ ‫ﹰ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﺃﺤﻴﺎﻨ‬ ‫ﻴﻜﻭﻨﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﻀﺤﺎﻴﺎﻫﻡ‬،‫ﻭ‬‫ﻭﻗـﺩ‬ ،‫ﺍﻹﻨـﺴﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻗﺩﻡ‬ ‫ﻗﺩﻴﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺸﺎﻋﺔ‬ ‫ﺘﺎﺭﻴﺦ‬،‫ﺘﻁـﻭﺭﺕ‬،‫ﻭﺍﻟـﺼﻴﻨﻴﻭﻥ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻤﺼﺭﻴﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﺴﺘﺨﺩﻤﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻓﻘﺩ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺤﺩﻴﺜﺔ؛‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻘﺩﻴﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﻀﺎﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺘﻁﻭﺭ‬ ‫ﻤﻊ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﺭﻋﺭﻋﺕ‬‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﹸﻜﺭ‬‫ﺫ‬ ‫ﻭﻗﺩ‬ ،‫ﻟﻠﻌﺩﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻨﻭﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺭﻭﺡ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺘﺄﺜﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﻨﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺒﺂﻻﻑ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻴﻼﺩ‬ ‫ﻗﺒل‬ ‫ﺤﺭﻭﺒﻬﻡ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻴﻭﻨﺎﻥ‬‫ﺘﻠﻙ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻨﻤﺎﺫﺝ‬ ‫ﻭﺠل‬ ‫ﻋﺯ‬ ‫ﺍﷲ‬ ‫ﻜﺘﺎﺏ‬‫ﺍﻹﺸﺎﻋﺎﺕ‬‫ﺍﻷﻨﺒ‬ ‫ﺘﺎﺭﻴﺦ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﻭﺒﻘﺭﺍﺀﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺎﺭﻴﺦ؛‬ ‫ﻓﺠﺭ‬ ‫ﻓﻤﻨﺫ‬ ‫؛‬‫ﻴـﺎﺀ‬‫ﺜﻡ‬ ،‫ﻗﻭﻤﻪ‬ ‫ﻗﺒل‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺸﺎﻋﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻜﺜﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺤﻭﻟﻪ‬ ‫ﺃﺜﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﻗﺩ‬ ‫ﻤﻨﻬﻡ‬ ‫ﹰ‬‫ﻼ‬‫ﻜ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﻨﺠﺩ‬ ‫ﻭﻗﺼﺼﻬﻡ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﺴﻼﻡ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻴﻬﻡ‬‫ﹰ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﺃﺤﻴﺎﻨ‬ ‫ﻭﻴﺘﻭﺍﺭﺜﻭﻨﻬﺎ‬ ،‫ﻴﺒﺜﻭﻨﻬﺎ‬‫ﻓﻬﻲ‬ ،،‫ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ،‫ﺍﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ،‫ﺴﻴﺎﺴﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ،‫ﻨﻔﺴﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﺍﻓﻊ‬ ‫ﺫﺍﺕ‬‫ﺃﻭ‬،‫ﺃﺨﻼﻗﻴﺔ‬‫ﺘﻠﺨﻴ‬ ‫ﻭﻴﻤﻜﻥ‬‫ﺹ‬‫ﺃﻫﺩﺍﻑ‬‫ﻭﺩﻭﺍﻓﻊ‬‫ﺍﻹﺸﺎﻋﺎﺕ‬‫ﻭﺨﺎﺼﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺎﻀﺭ‬ ‫ﻋﺼﺭﻨﺎ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬‫ﺍﻟﺤـﺭﺏ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﻟﻨﻔﺴﻴﺔ‬:•‫ﺍﻟﻨﻔﺴﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺭﻫﺎﺏ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺒﻪ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻭﺼﻭل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﻗﻭﺍﻩ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﻔﺘﻴﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺩﻭ‬ ‫ﻤﻌﻨﻭﻴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺄﺜﻴﺭ‬.•‫ﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﺤﻘﻴﻘﺔ‬ ‫ﻹﺨﻔﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﺨﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻜﺴﺘﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻌﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺘﻤﻭﻴﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﺴﺘﺨﺩﻤﻬﺎ‬.•‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻨﻭﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺭﻭﺡ‬ ‫ﺇﻀﻌﺎﻑ‬ ‫ﻷﺠل‬ ‫ﺼﺤﺘﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﻤﺸﻜﻭﻙ‬ ‫ﻭﺃﺨﺒﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﻜﺎﺫﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﻨﺒﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﺘﺭﻭﻴﺞ‬.•‫ﺘﺨﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﻔﺱ‬ ‫ﻟﻌﻠﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺩﻴﺜﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺴﺎﻟﻴﺏ‬ ‫ﺍﺴﺘﺨﺩﺍﻡ‬‫ﻨﻔـﺴﻴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻋﻠـﻰ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺘـﺄﺜﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺸـﺎﻋﺔ‬ ‫ﻡ‬‫ﺍﻟﻌﺩﻭ‬ ‫ﻭﺇﻴﺭﺍﺩﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﻌﻨﻭﻴﺎﺕ‬.•‫ﻭﺍﻟﻤﺩﻨﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺴﻜﺭﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﺒﻬﺘﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﻌﻨﻭﻴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﺤﻁﻴﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﺇﻨﻬﺎﻙ‬ ‫ﺘﺩﻤﻴﺭ‬)،‫ﺍﻟﺤﺎﺭﺜﻲ‬2005:11.(‫ﻭﺘﻨﺘﺸﺭ‬‫ﺍﻹﺸﺎﻋﺎﺕ‬ٍ‫ل‬‫ﺒﺄﺸﻜﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﺘﻤﻊ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬‫ﹴ‬‫ﻉ‬‫ﻭﺃﻨﻭﺍ‬،‫ﻋﺩﻴﺩﺓ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ﻴﺘﻌ‬‫ﺍﻟﻌﺩﻭ‬ ‫ﺩ‬‫ﹴ‬‫ﻥ‬‫ﺤـﻴ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺘﻐﻴﻴﺭﻫﺎ‬‫ﻵ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺘﻬﺩﻑ‬ ‫ﻭﻭﻀﻊ‬ ‫ﺤﺎﻟﺔ‬ ‫ﺤﺴﺏ‬ ‫ﺨﺭ‬،‫ﹰ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﺸﺨﺼ‬ ‫ﻜﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺴﻭﺍﺀ‬،‫ﹰ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﻤﺠﺘﻤﻌ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬‫ﺍﻟﺘـﻲ‬ ‫ﺜﻤﺎﺭﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﻴﺠﻨﻲ‬ ‫ﺤﺘﻰ‬،‫ﹰ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﻭﺍﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴ‬ ‫ﹰ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﻭﻨﻔﺴﻴ‬ ‫ﹰ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﻤﻌﻨﻭﻴ‬ ‫ﹰ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﺘﺩﻤﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺒﺄﺴﺭﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﺘﻤﻊ‬ ‫ﺘﺩﻤﺭ‬‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﻟﻠﺘﻌﺭﻑ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﺨﺎﺼﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻤﺼﺎﻟﺤﻪ‬ ‫ﹰ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﺘﺤﻘﻴﻘ‬‫ﻴﻠﻲ‬ ‫ﻓﻴﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﻨﺫﻜﺭﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻨﻭﺍﻉ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﻩ‬:1.‫ﺍﻟﺤﻘﻴﻘﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺸﺎﻋﺔ‬:‫ﺍﻟﺨﺒﺭ‬ ‫ﺘﺄﺜﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﻻﺴﺘﺒﻴﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺘﻘﺎل‬ ‫ﻤﺅﻜﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﻭﺤﻘﻴﻘﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﻭﺜﻭﻕ‬ ‫ﻤﺼﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺫﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻫﻲ‬‫ﻀﻭﺌﻪ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﻴﺘﻡ‬ ‫ﺴﺎﻤﻌﻪ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬‫ﻭﺘﻐﻴﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺘﻌﺩﻴﻼﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻭﻀﻭﻉ‬ ‫ﺫﻟﻙ‬ ‫ﻴﺤﺘﺎﺠﻪ‬ ‫ﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﺴﺘﻨﺘﺎﺝ‬‫ﺘﻁﺒﻴﻘﻪ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﺘﻨﻔﻴﺫﻩ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﺯﺍﻡ‬ ‫ﻗﺒل‬.2.‫ﺍﻹﺴﺘﻨﺘﺎﺠﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺸﺎﻋﺔ‬:‫ﻤﻌﻴﻨـﺔ‬ ‫ﺘﻁﺒﻴﻘﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﺴﺘﻘﺭﺍﺀ‬ ‫ﻨﺘﻴﺠﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﻫﻲ‬،‫ﻤﺤـﺩﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﻓﺘـﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺨـﻼل‬‫ﻟـﺫﻟﻙ‬ ‫ﹰ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﻭﺘﺒﻌ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻭﻀﻭﻉ‬ ‫ﺒﺠﻭﺍﻨﺏ‬ ‫ﻭﺇﻟﻤﺎﻤﻪ‬ ‫ﻭﺜﻘﺎﻓﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﺘﻌﻠﻤﻪ‬ ‫ﺒﺤﺴﺏ‬ ‫ﺸﺨﺹ‬ ‫ﺃﻱ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﺼﺩﺭ‬‫ﺍﻷﺤﻴﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻜﺜﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺸﺎﻋﺔ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﻩ‬ ‫ﺘﺼﺩﻕ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﻭﻀـﻭﻉ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﹰ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﻗﺭﺒ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺸﺨﺹ‬ ‫ﺫﻟﻙ‬ ‫ﺯﺍﺩ‬ ‫ﻜﻠﻤﺎ‬‫ﻓﻴﻪ‬ ‫ﺠﻬﻠﻪ‬ ‫ﺯﺍﺩ‬ ‫ﻜﻠﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﺨﻴﺏ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﻌﺭﻓﺔ‬ ‫ﹰ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﺇﻟﻤﺎﻤ‬.PDF created with pdfFactory trial version www.pdffactory.com
    • 173.‫ﺍﻟﺤ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺸﺎﻋﺔ‬‫ﺎﻟﻤﺔ‬:‫ﻭ‬ ‫ﻨﺭﺠﺴﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﺸﺎﻋﺭ‬ ‫ﻨﺘﻴﺠﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﻫﻲ‬‫ﺘﺼﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﻤﻨﻴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺃﻭﻫﺎﻡ‬‫ﻋـﻥ‬‫ﻻ‬ ‫ﻓﺌـﺔ‬‫ﺃﺼﺤﺎﺏ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻜﻔﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﻴﺌﺱ‬ ‫ﻜﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﺼﺩﻗﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﻴﺌﻭﺱ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﻌﻁﻴﺎﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﺃﺒﻌﺎﺩﻩ‬ ‫ﺒﺠﻤﻴﻊ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻭﺍﻗﻊ‬ ‫ﺘﻌﻴﺵ‬‫ﺍﻟﻘﺒﻭﺭ‬.4.‫ﺍﻟﻜﺎﺫﺒـﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺸﺎﻋﺔ‬:‫ﻭﻤﺼﺩﺭ‬‫ﻤ‬ ‫ﻫﺎ‬‫ﺼﺤ‬ ‫ﻏﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺒﻴﺌﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﻨﺸﺄ‬ ‫ﻥ‬‫ﺍﻟﻜـﻼﻡ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻘـﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺝ‬ ‫ﻴﺔ‬،‫ﺠﺯﺍﻓﺎ‬‫ﻜﻼﻤﻪ‬ ‫ﻤﺼﺩﺍﻗﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﻤﻌﻪ‬ ‫ﻴﺤﻘﻕ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﻴﻜﺭﻩ‬،‫ﺍﻟﻤﻭﺍﺠﻬﺔ‬ ‫ﻴﺤﺏ‬ ‫ﻭﻻ‬،‫ﻴﻨﺘﻘـﻲ‬ ‫ﻭﻨﺠﺩﻩ‬‫ﻟﻠﻤﺴﺎﺀﻟﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﺭﻀﺔ‬ ‫ﻴﻜﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﻻ‬ ‫ﺤﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺴﺎﻤﻌﻴﻪ‬.5.‫ﺍﻟﺤﺎﻗﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺸﺎﻋﺔ‬:‫ﻴﻐﺭﺴﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﺸﺎﻋﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺒﺩﺀﺍ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﻁﻼﻕ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺸﺎﻋﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺃﻨﻭﺍﻉ‬ ‫ﺃﺨﻁﺭ‬ ‫ﻭﻫﺫﻩ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﻭﺍﻁﻨﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺒﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﻠﺩ‬ ‫ﻋﺩﻭ‬‫ﺃﺼـﺤﺎﺏ‬ ‫ﻤـﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﻌﺽ‬ ‫ﻴﺘﻘﻭﻟﻪ‬ ‫ﺒﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻨﺘﻬﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺭﺃﻱ‬ ‫ﻟﺒﻠﺒﻠﺔ‬‫ﺍﻷﻤﺎﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﻔﺱ‬ ‫ﻟﺭﻏﺒﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﺸﺒﺎﻋﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﺯﻤﻼﺌﻬﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﺠﻴﺭﺍﻨﻬﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﺨﻭﺍﻨﻬﻡ‬ ‫ﺤﻕ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻴﻀﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﻔﻭﺱ‬‫ﺒﺎ‬‫ﻟﺴﻭﺀ‬)،‫ﺍﷲ‬ ‫ﻋﺒﺩ‬1997:76(.‫ﺍﻹﺴﻼﻡ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺸﺎﻋﺔ‬:‫ﺤﺫﺭ‬‫ﺴ‬ ‫ﺍﷲ‬ ‫ﻭﻭﺼﻑ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻜﺎﺫﺏ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺨﺒﺭ‬ ‫ﺇﺸﺎﻋﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺴﻼﻡ‬‫ﺍﻟﻜـﺭﻴﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﺭﺴﻭﻟﻪ‬ ،‫ﻭﺘﻌﺎﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺒﺤﺎﻨﻪ‬‫ﻤﺒ‬‫ﺘﻌﺎﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﻗﻭﻟﻪ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟﻔﺎﺴﻕ‬ ‫ﻭﺼﻑ‬ ‫ﻓﻘﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻭﺼﺎﻑ؛‬ ‫ﺒﺄﻗﺒﺢ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﺭﻭﺠﻬﺎ‬ ،‫ﺍﻹﺸﺎﻋﺔ‬ ‫ﺘﺩﻉ‬:﴿‫ـﺎ‬‫ﻬ‬‫ﻴ‬َ‫ﺃ‬ ‫ـﺎ‬‫ﻴ‬‫ﹸﻭﺍ‬‫ﻨ‬‫ﻴ‬‫ﺒ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﺘ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻓ‬ ٍ‫ﺈ‬‫ﺒ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻨ‬‫ﹺ‬‫ﺒ‬ ‫ﹲ‬‫ﻕ‬‫ﺴ‬‫ﹶﺎ‬‫ﻓ‬ ‫ﻡ‬‫ﹸ‬‫ﻜ‬‫ﺀ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﺠ‬ ‫ﻥ‬ِ‫ﺇ‬ ‫ﹸﻭﺍ‬‫ﻨ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ﺁ‬ ‫ﻥ‬‫ﻴ‬‫ﺫ‬‫ﱠ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﺍ‬﴾)‫ﺍﻟﺤﺠـﺭﺍﺕ‬:6(‫ﺘﻌـﺎﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﻗﻭﻟﻪ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺏ‬‫ﻭﺍﻟﻜﺎﺫ‬ ،:﴿‫ـﺎ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ﱠ‬‫ﻨ‬ِ‫ﺇ‬‫ﻪ‬‫ﱠ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ﺍﻟ‬ ‫ﺕ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﻴ‬‫ﹺﺂ‬‫ﺒ‬ ‫ﻥ‬‫ﹸﻭ‬‫ﻨ‬‫ﻤ‬ْ‫ﺅ‬‫ﻴ‬ ‫ﻻ‬ ‫ﻥ‬‫ﻴ‬‫ﺫ‬‫ﱠ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﺍ‬ ‫ﺏ‬‫ﺫ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻜ‬‫ﺍﻟ‬ ‫ﹺﻱ‬‫ﺭ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﺘ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻔ‬‫ﻴ‬‫ﻥ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﺒ‬‫ﺫ‬‫ﹶﺎ‬‫ﻜ‬‫ﺍﻟ‬ ‫ﻡ‬‫ﻫ‬ ‫ﻙ‬ِ‫ﺌ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﻭ‬ُ‫ﺃ‬‫ﻭ‬﴾)‫ﺍﻟﻨﺤل‬:106(‫ﹶ‬‫ﻕ‬‫ﻭﺍﻟﻤﻨﺎﻓ‬ ،‫ﻜﻤﺎ‬،‫ﺍﻟﻨﺒﻭﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﻨﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺠﺎﺀ‬‫ﺍﷲ‬ ‫ﺭﺴﻭل‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﻋﻨﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﷲ‬ ‫ﺭﻀﻲ‬ ‫ﻫﺭﻴﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺃﺒﻲ‬ ‫ﻋﻥ‬‫ﻭﺴـﻠﻡ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻴـﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﷲ‬ ‫ﺼﻠﻰ‬‫ﻗﺎل‬:"‫ﻤﺴﻠﻡ‬ ‫ﺃﻨﻪ‬ ‫ﻭﺯﻋﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﺼﺎﻡ؛‬ ،‫ﺼﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﺇﻥ‬ ‫ﺜﻼﺙ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻨﺎﻓﻕ‬ ‫ﺁﻴﺔ‬:‫ﺃﺨﻠـﻑ‬ ‫ﻭﻋﺩ‬ ‫ﻭﺇﺫﺍ‬ ،‫ﻜﺫﺏ‬ ‫ﺤﺩﺙ‬ ‫ﺇﺫﺍ‬‫ﺨﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﺅﺘﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺇﺫﺍ‬")‫ﺍﻟﺒﺨﺎﺭﻱ‬ ‫ﺼﺤﻴﺢ‬3/230:2544(‫ﻓﻘﺎل‬ ‫ﻟﻜﺫﺒﻪ؛‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻜﺎﺫﺏ؛‬ ‫ﻴﺴﺘﺤﻘﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻘﻭﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺒﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻜﺫﺏ؛‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﻌﺎﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺴﺒﺤﺎﻨﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﷲ‬ ‫ﻭﺤﺫﺭ‬‫ﺘﻌﺎﻟﻰ‬:﴿‫ﻥ‬‫ﹺﻴ‬‫ﺒ‬‫ﺫ‬‫ﹶﺎ‬‫ﻜ‬‫ﺍﻟ‬ ‫ﹶﻰ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ﻋ‬ ‫ﻪ‬‫ﱠ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ﺍﻟ‬ ‫ﹶ‬‫ﺔ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻨ‬‫ﻌ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻟ‬ ْ‫ل‬‫ﻌ‬‫ﺠ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻨ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻓ‬﴾)‫ﺁ‬‫ﻋﻤﺭﺍﻥ‬ ‫ل‬:61(‫ﺘﻌﺎﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﻗﺎل‬ ،:﴿‫ﺔ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﻴ‬‫ﻘ‬‫ﺍﻟ‬ ‫ﻡ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﻴ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﺴ‬‫ﻤ‬ ‫ﻡ‬‫ﻬ‬‫ﻫ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﺠ‬‫ﻭ‬ ‫ﻪ‬‫ﱠ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ﺍﻟ‬ ‫ﹶﻰ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ﻋ‬ ‫ﻭﺍ‬‫ﺒ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﺫ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻜ‬ ‫ﻥ‬‫ﻴ‬‫ﺫ‬‫ﱠ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﺍ‬ ‫ﻯ‬‫ﺭ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﺘ‬‫ﹲ‬‫ﺓ‬‫ﺩ‬‫ﻭ‬﴾)‫ﺍﻟﺯﻤﺭ‬:60(،‫ﺍﻟﻨﺒﻭﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﹼﺔ‬‫ﻨ‬‫ﺍﻟﺴ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺠﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﻜﻤﺎ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﻁﻬﺭﺓ‬‫ﻋﻥ‬‫ﻭﺴﻠﻡ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻴﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﷲ‬ ‫ﺼﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﺒﻲ‬ ‫ﻋﻥ‬ ‫ﻋﻨﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﷲ‬ ‫ﺭﻀﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﷲ‬ ‫ﻋﺒﺩ‬ ‫ﻋﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﺌل‬ ‫ﺃﺒﻲ‬‫ﻗﺎل‬:"‫ﺇﻥ‬‫ﺍﷲ‬ ‫ﻋﻨﺩ‬ ‫ﻴﻜﺘﺏ‬ ‫ﺤﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﻟﻴﺼﺩﻕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺭﺠل‬ ‫ﻭﺇﻥ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﺠﻨﺔ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﻴﻬﺩﻱ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺭ‬ ‫ﻭﺇﻥ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﺒﺭ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﻴﻬﺩﻱ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺼﺩﻕ‬‫ﺍﻟﻔ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﻴﻬﺩﻱ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻜﺫﺏ‬ ‫ﻭﺇﻥ‬ ،‫ﹰ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﺼﺩﻴﻘ‬‫ﺍﻟﻔﺠﻭ‬ ‫ﻭﺇﻥ‬ ،‫ﺠﻭﺭ‬‫ﺤﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﻟﻴﻜﺫﺏ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺭﺠل‬ ‫ﻭﺇﻥ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﻴﻬﺩﻱ‬ ‫ﺭ‬‫ﹰ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﻜﺫﺍﺒ‬ ‫ﺍﷲ‬ ‫ﻋﻨﺩ‬ ‫ﻴﻜﺘﺏ‬")‫ﺍﻟﺒﺨﺎﺭﻱ‬ ‫ﺼﺤﻴﺢ‬4/270:5629(،‫ﺁﺨﺭ‬ ‫ﺤﺩﻴﺙ‬ ‫ﻭﻓﻲ‬‫ﻫﺭﻴﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺃﺒﻲ‬ ‫ﻋﻥ‬‫ﺍﷲ‬ ‫ﺭﺴﻭل‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﻋﻨﻪ‬ ‫ﺘﻌﺎﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﷲ‬ ‫ﺭﻀﻲ‬‫ﻭﺴﻠﻡ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻴﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﷲ‬ ‫ﺼﻠﻰ‬‫ﻗﺎل‬:"‫ﻴﺤﺩﺙ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﹰ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﻜﺫﺒ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟﻤﺭﺀ‬ ‫ﻜﻔﻰ‬‫ﺴﻤﻊ‬ ‫ﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﺒﻜل‬) "‫ﻤﺴﻠﻡ‬ ‫ﺼﺤﻴﺢ‬1/310:6(.PDF created with pdfFactory trial version www.pdffactory.com
    • 18‫ﺍﷲ‬ ‫ﺃﻤﺭﻩ‬ ‫ﻓﻘﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﺎﻤﻊ‬ ‫ﺃﻤﺎ‬‫ﻤـﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺤـﺫﺭﻩ‬ ،‫ﻴـﺴﻤﻊ‬ ‫ﻤﻤـﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﺄﻜﺩ‬ ،‫ﺒﺎﻟﺘﺜﺒﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﻌﺎﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺴﺒﺤﺎﻨﻪ‬‫ﻗـﺎل‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻤـﺅﻤﻨﻴﻥ؛‬ ‫ﻋﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺨﻁﺎﺏ‬ ،‫ﺃﻤﺭﻩ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻨﺩﺍﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﻓﻴﻘﻊ‬ ‫ﻴﺒﻠﻐﻪ‬ ‫ﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﻜل‬ ‫ﺘﺼﺩﻴﻕ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺎﺭﻋﺔ‬‫ﺘﻌﺎﻟﻰ‬:﴿‫ﻭﺍ‬‫ﺤ‬‫ﹺ‬‫ﺒ‬‫ﺼ‬‫ﹸ‬‫ﺘ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻓ‬ ‫ﺔ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﻬ‬‫ﺠ‬‫ﹺ‬‫ﺒ‬ ‫ﹰ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻗ‬ ‫ﻭﺍ‬‫ﺒ‬‫ﻴ‬‫ﺼ‬‫ﹸ‬‫ﺘ‬ ‫ﻥ‬َ‫ﺃ‬ ‫ﹸﻭﺍ‬‫ﻨ‬‫ﻴ‬‫ﺒ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﺘ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻓ‬ ٍ‫ﺈ‬‫ﺒ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻨ‬‫ﹺ‬‫ﺒ‬ ‫ﹲ‬‫ﻕ‬‫ﺴ‬‫ﹶﺎ‬‫ﻓ‬ ‫ﻡ‬‫ﹸ‬‫ﻜ‬‫ﺀ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﺠ‬ ‫ﻥ‬ِ‫ﺇ‬ ‫ﹸﻭﺍ‬‫ﻨ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ﺁ‬ ‫ﻥ‬‫ﻴ‬‫ﺫ‬‫ﱠ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﺍ‬ ‫ﺎ‬‫ﻬ‬‫ﻴ‬َ‫ﺃ‬ ‫ﺎ‬‫ﻴ‬‫ﻥ‬‫ﻴ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ﺩ‬‫ﹶﺎ‬‫ﻨ‬ ‫ﻡ‬‫ﹸ‬‫ﺘ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ﻌ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻓ‬ ‫ﺎ‬‫ﻤ‬ ‫ﹶﻰ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ﻋ‬﴾)‫ﺍﻟﺤﺠﺭﺍﺕ‬:6(.‫ﺠ‬‫ﻤﺘﻌ‬ ‫ﻭﺼﺩﻗﻬﺎ‬ ،‫ﻭﺴﻤﻌﻬﺎ‬ ،‫ﻤﻐﺭﺽ‬ ‫ﺃﻁﻠﻘﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺇﺸﺎﻋﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻓﻜﻡ‬،‫ﺍﻹﺨﻭﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺘﺒﺎﻏﺽ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺃﺩﺕ‬ ‫ل‬،‫ﻭﺍﻷﺼﺩﻗﺎﺀ‬‫ﻭﺘﻔﺭﻴﻕ‬ ،‫ﺃﺴﺭ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﺸﺘﻴﺕ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻔﻀﻼﺀ‬ ‫ﺴﻤﻌﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺇﺴﺎﺀﺓ‬ ،‫ﻭﺍﻟﺯﻤﻼﺀ‬ ،‫ﺍﻷﺼﺤﺎﺏ‬ ‫ﺒﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻌﺩﺍﻭﺓ‬‫ﻭﻓﺭﻗﺔ‬ ،‫ﺘﻨﺩﻤل‬ ‫ﻻ‬ ‫ﻋﻤﻴﻘﺔ؛‬ ‫ﹰ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﺠﺭﺍﺤ‬ ‫ﺫﻟﻙ‬ ‫ﻓﺘﺭﻙ‬ ‫ﺠﻴﻭﺵ؛‬ ‫ﻭﻫﺯﻴﻤﺔ‬ ،‫ﻭﺍﻨﻬﻴﺎﺭ‬ ،‫ﺸﻌﻭﺏ‬ ‫ﻭﻨﻜﺒﺔ‬ ،‫ﺠﻤﺎﻋﺎﺕ‬‫ﺘﺠﺘﻤﻊ‬ ‫ﻻ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺌﻤﺔ‬.‫ﺍﻟﺩﺭﺍﺴﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﺴﺌﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺠﺎﺒﺔ‬:‫ﺍﻷﻭل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﺅﺍل‬‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻴﻨﺹ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺫﻱ‬"‫ﻭﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﻔﺴﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺒﻌﺎﺩ‬ ‫ﻤﺎ‬‫ﻋﺒـﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺸـﺎﻋﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻟﺘﺭﻭﻴﺞ‬‫ﺍﻹﻋﻼﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﺴﺎﺌل‬‫ﺍﻟﻔﺭﺩ؟‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬‫ﺇﻥ‬‫ﹰ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﺩﺍﺌﻤ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺸﺎﻋﺔ‬‫ﺘﺴﺘﻬﺩﻑ‬‫ﺍﻹﻨﺴﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻋﻘل‬،‫ﺠﺴﺩﻩ‬ ‫ﻭﻟﻴﺱ‬ ‫ﻭﻨﻔﺴﻪ‬ ‫ﻭﻗﻠﺒﻪ‬‫؛‬‫ﺇﻟـﻰ‬ ‫ﺘﺘﺠﻪ‬ ‫ﺃﻨﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺃﻱ‬‫ﻤﻤﺘﻠﻜﺎﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﻻ‬ ‫ﻤﻌﻨﻭﻴﺎﺘﻪ‬،‫ﺍﻟﻔﻜﺭ‬ ‫ﺇﺸﺎﻋﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﺴﺘﻬﺩﻑ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺸﺨﺼﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻫﻭ‬ ‫ﻤﻴﺩﺍﻨﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺇﻥ‬ ‫ﺤﻴﺙ‬،‫ﻭﺍﻟﻌﻘﻴﺩﺓ‬،‫ﻭﺍﻟﺭﻭﺡ‬‫ﺍﻷﻋﺩﺍﺀ‬ ‫ﻤﻌﻨﻭﻴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻟﺘﺤﻁﻴﻡ‬،‫ﻋﺴ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﻤﺩﻨﻴﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺴﻭﺍﺀ‬‫ﺍﻟﺴﻭﺍﺀ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻜﺭﻴﻴﻥ‬.‫ﺒﺎﻹﺸﺎﻋﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺘﻬﺩﻑ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﺘﻤﻊ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﻴﻌﻴﺵ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺫﻱ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻔﺭﺩ‬‫؛‬‫ﹴ‬‫ﺭ‬‫ﻟﻜﺜﻴ‬ ‫ﹰ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﺩﺍﺌﻤ‬ ‫ﹰ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﻤﻌﺭﻀ‬ ‫ﻴﻜﻭﻥ‬‫ﻤـﻥ‬‫ﺍﻟﻨﻔﺴﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻤﺭﺍﺽ‬،‫ﻭﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ‬،‫ﻭﺃﻓﻌﺎﻟﻪ‬ ‫ﺘﺼﺭﻓﺎﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﺘﺤﻜﻡ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻴﻪ‬ ‫ﺘﺴﻴﻁﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻲ‬‫؛‬‫ﻷ‬‫ﺴﻴﺎﻗﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻥ‬‫ﺍﻷﺤﻴﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻜﺜﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﻔﺴﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺭﺏ‬ ‫ﺘﻁﺒﻴﻕ‬‫؛‬‫ﻭﺤﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﻨﺴﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﻴﻭل‬ ‫ﻤﻊ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻌﺎﻤل‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺘﻌﺘﻤﺩ‬‫ﺠﺎﺘـﻪ‬‫ﻭﺭﻏﺒﺎﺘﻪ‬،‫ﻏﺭﺍﺌﺯﻩ‬ ‫ﺜﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﻥ‬‫؛‬‫ﺘـﺴﺘﻬﻭﻱ‬ ‫ﻤﻌﻁﻴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﻫﻲ‬ ،‫ﻤﻨﻔﺭ‬ ‫ﺘﺠﻨﺏ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ،‫ﻤﺭﻏﻭﺏ‬ ‫ﺇﺸﺒﺎﻉ‬ ‫ﺒﺄﺴﺎﻟﻴﺏ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﺘﻠﻘﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﻌﻅﻤﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬،‫ﻓـﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻁﻠـﻭﺏ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻬﺩﻑ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻭﺼﻭل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﻔﺴﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﻼﺡ‬ ‫ﺃﻤﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻁﺭﻴﻕ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﻤﻬﺩ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﺤﺩﺩﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻤﻜﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺯﻤﺎﻥ‬.‫ﻭ‬‫ﺍﻷﻤ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟﻌﺩﻴﺩ‬ ‫ﻟﺘﻤﻴﺯﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﻋﻼﻤﻴﺔ؛‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻭﺴﺎﺌل‬ ‫ﺃﺒﺭﺯ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺫﺍﻋﺔ‬ ‫ﺘﻌﺩ‬‫ﻟﻠﺤـﺭﺏ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺎﻋﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﻭﺭ‬‫ﺍﻟﻨﻔﺴﻴﺔ‬:‫ﺍﻟﺘﻠﻔـﺎﺯ‬ ‫ﻭﺃﻤـﺎ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻜﻠﻔﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺒﺴﺎﻁﺔ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻔﻬﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﺴﻬﻭﻟﺔ‬ ،‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﺨﺩﺍﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﺘﺴﺎﻉ‬ ،‫ﺍﻻﻨﺘﺸﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﻜﺴﺭﻋﺔ‬‫ﻜﻼﻫﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﻴﻌﺘﺒﺭ‬ ،‫ﺍﻷﻓﺭﺍﺩ‬ ‫ﻟﺩﻯ‬ ‫ﹰ‬‫ﻻ‬‫ﻭﻗﺒﻭ‬ ‫ﹰ‬‫ﺔ‬‫ﺃﻟﻔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻭﺴﺎﺌل‬ ‫ﺃﻜﺜﺭ‬ ‫ﻭﻫﻭ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﺘﻭﺠﻴﻬﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﻗﺩﺭﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﺒﺠﺎﺫﺒﻴﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﻓﻴﻤﺘﺎﺯ‬)‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻠﻔﺎﺯ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺫﺍﻋﺔ‬(‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﹰ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﺘﺄﺜﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺃﻜﺜﺭ‬ ‫ﻟﻜﻭﻨﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻭﺴﺎﺌل‬ ‫ﻫﺫﻩ‬ ‫ﺃﺒﺭﺯ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬‫ﺃﺴـﺭﻉ‬ ‫ﻭﻷﻨﻬـﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻡ؛‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺭﺃﻱ‬‫ﺍﻟﻴﻭﻡ‬ ‫ﻁﻭﺍل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﺘﻼﺯﻡ‬ ‫ﺇﻋﻼﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺴﻴﻠﺔ‬‫ﺒـﺎﻟﻘﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨـﺎﺱ‬ ‫ﻹﻟﻤـﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺘﺤﺘﺎﺝ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﻥ‬‫ﺍﻟﻜﺘﺎﺒـﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﺀﺓ‬)،‫ﺤﺴﻭﻨﺔ‬2001:22(.PDF created with pdfFactory trial version www.pdffactory.com
    • 19‫ﺍﻟﻌﻘﻠﻴـﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔـﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﺘﻭﺠﻬـﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻋﻠـﻰ‬ ‫ﺘﺴﻴﻁﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻭﺴﺎﺌل‬ ‫ﺘﻠﻙ‬ ‫ﺒﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺘﺩﺍﻭﻟﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﻋﻼﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﺎﻟﻤﺎﺩﺓ‬‫ﻴﺘﻨﺎﺴﺏ‬ ‫ﺒﻤﺎ‬ ،‫ﻭﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻨﻔﺴﻴﺔ‬‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﺘﺠﺎﻫﺎﺕ‬‫ﺍﻟﻭﺴﺎﺌل؛‬ ‫ﺘﻠﻙ‬ ‫ﻴﻤﺘﻠﻜﻭﻥ‬‫ﺍﻟﺤﺭﻜـﺔ‬ ‫ﹼﺭ‬‫ﺨ‬‫ﺘﺴ‬ ‫ﻟﺫﻟﻙ‬‫ﺍﻟﺼﻬﻴﻭﻨﻴﺔ‬‫ﺒﻭﺍﺴﻁﺘﻬﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﻀﺨﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﺇﻋﻼﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺁﻟﺔ‬)‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻠﻔﺎﺯ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺫﺍﻋﺔ‬(،‫ﻭﻓﻠـﺴﻁﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌـﺎﻟﻡ‬ ‫ﻤﺴﺘﻭﻯ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬‫ﻋـﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺫﻟﻙ‬ ،‫ﻭﺃﻤﺭﻴﻜﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻐﺭﺒﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻟﻡ‬ ‫ﺒﻼﺩ‬ ‫ﺒﻌﺽ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻠﻔﺎﺯ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺫﺍﻋﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﺤﻁﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺘﺴﻴﻁﺭ‬ ‫ﺤﻴﺙ‬‫ﺍﻟﻭ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺘﻭﺠﻬﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻡ‬‫ﺜ‬ ،‫ﺴﻴﺎﺴﺘﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻤﻭﺍل‬ ‫ﺭﺅﻭﺱ‬ ‫ﺴﻴﻁﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻁﺭﻴﻕ‬‫ﺘﺨـﺩﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘـﻲ‬ ‫ﺠﻬﺔ‬‫ﺇﺴـﺭﺍﺌﻴل‬)،‫ﺍﷲ‬ ‫ﻋﺒﺩ‬1997:67.(‫ﻓ‬‫ﻭﺍﻟﺩﻋﺎﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺸﺎﻋﺔ‬ ‫ﻜﺎﻨﺕ‬-‫ﺍﻟﻌﻘﺎﺌﺩﻱ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﺘﺎﺭﻴﺨﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻨﻁﻠﻕ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺴﻭﺍﺀ‬-‫ﻻﺤﺘﻼل‬ ‫ﹰ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﺃﺴﺎﺴ‬‫ﺍﻟـﺴﻼﻡ‬ ‫ﻤﺅﺘﻤﺭ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﻤﺫﻜﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻟﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺼﻬﻴﻭﻨﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻨﻅﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﻗﺩﻤﺕ‬ ‫ﻓﻘﺩ‬ ‫ﻓﻠﺴﻁﻴﻥ؛‬ ‫ﺃﺭﺽ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺴﺭﺍﺌﻴﻠﻴﻴﻥ‬‫ﺍ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻟﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺭﺏ‬ ‫ﻋﻘﺏ‬ ‫ﺒﺠﻨﻴﻑ‬ ‫ﺍﻨﻌﻘﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺫﻱ‬‫ﺍﻟﺘـﺎﺭﻴﺦ‬ ‫ﻋﻠـﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﺩﻋﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﻓﻴﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﺠﺎﺀ‬ ،‫ﻷﻭﻟﻰ‬)‫ﻫـﺫﻩ‬ ‫ﺇﻥ‬‫ﺍﻷﺭﺽ‬:‫ﻟﻠﻴﻬﻭﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺎﺭﻴﺨﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻭﻁﻥ‬ ‫ﻫﻲ‬ ‫ﻓﻠﺴﻁﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺃﺭﺽ‬ ‫ﺃﻱ‬(‫ﺍﻟـﺼﻬﻴﻭﻨﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﻋﺎﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﻩ‬ ‫ﻭﺭﺒﻁﺕ‬ ،‫ﻓﻠـﺴﻁﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺃﺭﺽ‬ ‫ﺍﺴﺘﻴﻁﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺒﺄﻥ‬ ‫ﺘﺩﻋﻲ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻴﻌﺎﺩ؛‬ ‫ﺃﺭﺽ‬ ‫ﻭﻓﻜﺭﺓ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﺘﺎﺭﻴﺨﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﻘﻭﻕ‬ ‫ﻓﻜﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺒﻴﻥ‬‫ﹰ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﺇﻟﻬﻴ‬ ‫ﹰ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﺤﻜﻤ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻴﻬﻭﺩ‬ ‫ﻁﺭﻑ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬..‫ﺍﻟﻤﺴﻴﺤﻴ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺼﻭﻟﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﺸﺎﻋﺕ‬ ‫ﻜﻤﺎ‬‫ﺔ‬‫ﺒﺸﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﻫﻲ‬ ‫ﺇﺴﺭﺍﺌﻴل‬ ‫ﺍﻨﺘﺼﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﺒﺄﻥ‬‫ﻟﻌ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﺩ‬‫ﻭﻫﻜﺫﺍ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻤﺴﻴﺢ‬ ‫ﺓ‬.‫ﻜﻤﺎ‬‫ﹼ‬‫ﻜ‬‫ﺭ‬‫ﺯ‬‫ﺕ‬،‫ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻌﻠﻴﻕ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺨﺒﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﻨﺸﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺒﺙ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺭﺒﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟﻠﻐﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺼﻬﻴﻭﻨﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺫﺍﻋﺔ‬،‫ﺍﻟﻭﻁﻨﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻭﺤﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﻟﺘﻔﺘﻴﺕ‬ ‫ﺘﻬﺩﻑ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﻔﺴﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺤﺭﺒﻪ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﻭﺴﻴﺎﺴﺘﻪ‬ ،‫ﺍﻹﺴﺭﺍﺌﻴﻠﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺤﺘﻼل‬ ‫ﻴﺨﺩﻡ‬ ‫ﺒﻤﺎ‬‫ﺍﻹ‬ ‫ﻨﻔﺴﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺯﺭﻉ‬ ،‫ﻭﺍﻟﻤﻘﺎﻭﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺼﻤﻭﺩ‬ ‫ﺭﻭﺡ‬ ‫ﻭﻀﺭﺏ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﻘﺎﻭﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﺒﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺭﺒﻁ‬ ‫ﻭﻜﺫﻟﻙ‬ ،‫ﻭﺍﻟﻬﺯﻴﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﻨﻜﺴﺎﺭ‬‫ﺒﺘﺎﺭﻴﺢ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺴﺭﺍﺌﻴﻠﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺫﺍﻋﺔ‬ ‫ﻨﻘﻠﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺜﺎل‬ ‫ﺴﺒﻴل‬ ‫ﻓﻌﻠﻰ‬ ،‫ﻻﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﺒﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﻨﻅﻴﻡ‬ ‫ﻓﻠﺴﻁﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬9‫ﻋﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺃﺒﺭﻴل‬2001‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﹰ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﻓﻠﺴﻁﻴﻨﻴ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺩﻭﺩﻱ‬ ‫ﺭﻓﺢ‬ ‫ﻤﻌﺒﺭ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻋﺘﻘﻠﺕ‬ ‫ﻗﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺴﺭﺍﺌﻴﻠﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﻠﻁﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﻔﺎﺩﻩ‬ ‫ﹰ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﺨﺒﺭ‬ ‫ﻡ‬‫ﺒﺎﻟﺴﻌﻭﺩﻱ‬ ‫ﺼﻠﺔ‬"‫ﻻﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﺒﻥ‬ ‫ﺃﺴﺎﻤﺔ‬"‫ﺍﻹﺫﺍ‬ ‫ﻭﺫﻜﺭﺕ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﺘﻬﻡ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﻋﺔ‬)‫ﺍﺴﻤﻪ‬ ‫ﺘﺫﻜﺭ‬ ‫ﻟﻡ‬(‫ﹰ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﺘﻨﻅﻴﻤ‬ ‫ﻴﻘﻴﻡ‬ ‫ﻜﺎﻥ‬‫ﺍﻟﻔﻠﺴﻁﻴﻨﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻨﺎﻁﻕ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﻻﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﺒﻥ‬ ‫ﻷﺴﺎﻤﺔ‬)،‫ﻟﻼﺴﺘﻌﻼﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻬﻴﺌﺔ‬2001(.‫ﺍﻹﺸﺎﻋﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺃﺒﺭﺯ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻜﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺫﻟﻙ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻹﻀﺎﻓﺔ‬‫ﺃﺠل‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ،‫ﺍﻹﺴﺭﺍﺌﻴﻠﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺫﺍﻋﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﻁﻠﻘﺘﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻲ‬‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺨﺒﺎﺭﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻨﺸﺭﺍﺘﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺇﺤﺩﻯ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﻭﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﻤﺎ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻤﻘﺎﻭﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﺭﺠﺎل‬ ‫ﺘﺸﻭﻴﻪ‬‫ﻤﻐﺎﺩﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻗﺒﻴل‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺭﺒﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻠﻐﺔ‬"‫ﺸﺎﺭﻭﻥ‬"‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﻔﺎﺩﻩ‬ ‫ﹰ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﺨﺒﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺘﺤﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻭﻻﻴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬"‫ﻗـﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺴﺭﺍﺌﻴﻠﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻗﻭﺍﺕ‬‫ﺓ‬‫ﺩ‬‫ﻋـ‬ ‫ﻀـﺒﻁﺕ‬‫ﻋ‬ ‫ﺘﻔﺠﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﻤﻨﻬﺎ‬ ،‫ﺍﻋﺘﺩﺍﺀﺍﺕ‬‫ﺍﻹﻴﺩﺯ‬ ‫ﺒﻔﻴﺭﻭﺯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻠﻭﺙ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﻡ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻜﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺘﺤﺘﻭﻱ‬ ‫ﺒﻭﺓ‬")‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻤـﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻬﻴﺌﺔ‬،‫ﻟﻼﺴﺘﻌﻼﻤﺎﺕ‬2004(.‫ﺘﺼ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺒﺭﻉ‬ ‫ﻓﻘﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺴﺭﺍﺌﻴﻠﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻠﻔﺎﺯ‬ ‫ﻭﺃﻤﺎ‬‫ﺍﻟﻠﺤﻤـﺔ‬ ‫ﻀـﺭﺏ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﹰ‬‫ﺔ‬‫ﺨﺎﺼ‬ ،‫ﺍﻹﺸﺎﻋﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺩﻴﺭ‬‫ﺒﺘﺎﺭﻴﺦ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺴﺭﺍﺌﻴﻠﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻠﻔﺎﺯ‬ ‫ﺃﻭﺭﺩ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻤﺜﺎل‬ ‫ﺴﺒﻴل‬ ‫ﻓﻌﻠﻰ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻔﻠﺴﻁﻴﻨﻲ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺸﻌﺏ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﺍﺨﻠﻴﺔ‬5‫ﻴﻨﺎﻴﺭ‬2001‫ﻡ‬‫ﺍﻹﺴﺭﺍﺌﻴﻠﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻠﻔﺯﻴﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﺭﺍﺴل‬ ‫ﻟﺴﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬"‫ﻋﺯﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﻴﻌﻘﻭﺏ‬"‫ﻻ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﻠـﺴﻁﻴﻨﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﻠﻁﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﺴﺌﻭﻟﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺒﺄﻥ‬PDF created with pdfFactory trial version www.pdffactory.com
    • 20‫ﺍ‬ ‫ﺍﺠﺘﻤﺎﻉ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻴﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻭﺼل‬ ‫ﻡ‬‫ﺘ‬ ‫ﺎ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ﻋ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﻋﻼﻥ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﻴﺠﺭﺅﻭﻥ‬‫ﺍﻟﻔـﺼﺎﺌل‬ ‫ﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﹰ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﺨﻭﻓ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻤﻨﻲ‬ ‫ﻟﻘﺎﻫﺭﺓ‬‫ﺍﻟﻔﻠﺴﻁﻴﻨﻴﺔ‬)،‫ﺍﻟﻔﻠﺴﻁﻴﻨﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻼﺴﺘﻌﻼﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻬﻴﺌﺔ‬2002(.‫ﻟﻠﻨﻴل‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺸﺎﻋﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺒﺙ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﻋﻼﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺴﺎﺌﻠﻪ‬ ‫ﻴﺴﺘﺨﺩﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺴﺭﺍﺌﻴﻠﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺤﺘﻼل‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﻨﺠﺩ‬ ‫ﻭﻫﻜﺫﺍ‬‫ﺍﻟﻔﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﻨﻔﺴﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬‫ﺍﻟﻔﻠﺴﻁﻴﻨﻲ‬،‫ﻭﻤﻌﻨﻭﻴﺎﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﻭﻋﻘﻠﻪ‬ ،‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﹰ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﻓﺎﺭﻏ‬ ‫ﹰ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﺠﺴﺩ‬ ‫ﻟﻴﺒﻘﻰ‬‫ﻤﻀﻤﻭﻨ‬‫ﻪ‬‫ﻴﺤﻴﻁﻪ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻨﻔﺴﻲ‬‫ﻭﺍﻟﺨ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﻠﻕ‬‫ﻓﻴـﻪ‬ ‫ﻟﻴﺠـﺩ‬ ‫ﹴ‬‫ﻥ‬‫ﻤﻜﺎ‬ ‫ﻋﻥ‬ ‫ﻓﻴﺒﺤﺙ‬ ،‫ﺠﺎﻨﺏ‬ ‫ﻜل‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺭﻋﺏ‬ ، ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺤﺯﻥ‬ ،‫ﻭﺍﻻﻜﺘﺌﺎﺏ‬ ،‫ﻭﻑ‬‫ﻤـﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﻫـﺫﺍ‬ ،‫ﺁﺨـﺭ‬ ‫ﹴ‬‫ﻥ‬‫ﻭﻁ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﻁﻨﻪ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﺭﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﺴﻭﻯ‬ ‫ﺃﻤﺎﻤﻪ‬ ‫ﻴﺠﺩ‬ ‫ﻓﻠﻡ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻨﻔﺴﻲ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻹﺴﺘﻘﺭﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻤﻥ‬‫ﺘﺤﻘﻴﻘﻪ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺤﺘﻼل‬ ‫ﺩﻭﻟﺔ‬ ‫ﺘﺴﻌﻰ‬.‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﻌﺩ‬ ‫ﺼﻌﻴﺩ‬ ‫ﻭﻋﻠﻰ‬‫ﺍﻹ‬ ‫ﺃﻗﻠﻘﺕ‬ ‫ﻓﻜﻡ‬‫ﻤ‬ ‫ﺤﻁﻤﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﻜﻡ‬ ،‫ﺃﺒﺭﻴﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺸﺎﻋﺔ‬،‫ﻋﻅﻤﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﻥ‬‫ﻫﺩﻤﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﻜﻡ‬‫ﺘﺴﺒﺒﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﻜﻡ‬ ،‫ﻭﺸﺎﺌﺞ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬‫ﺍﻹﺸﺎﻋﺎﺕ‬‫ﻓﻜﻜﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﻜﻡ‬ ،‫ﺠﺭﺍﺌﻡ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬‫ﻤﻥ‬،‫ﻭﺼﺩﺍﻗﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻋﻼﻗﺎﺕ‬‫ﻫﺯﻤﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﻜﻡ‬‫ﻭﺍﻟﺭﺨﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺭﻗﻲ‬ ‫ﻨﺤﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﺘﻤﻌﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺘﻘﺩﻡ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺸﺎﻋﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﺜﺭﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﻜﻡ‬ ،‫ﺠﻴﻭﺵ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬.‫ﺍﻨﺘﺸﺭﺕ‬ ‫ﻓﻜﻠﻤﺎ‬‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻼﻗﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺴﺎﺀﺕ‬ ‫ﻜﻠﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﺘﻤﻊ؛‬ ‫ﺃﻓﺭﺍﺩ‬ ‫ﺒﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺸﺎﻋﺎﺕ‬‫ﻓﻴﻤﺎ‬،‫ﺒﻴـﻨﻬﻡ‬‫ﺍﻷﻤﺭﺍﺽ‬ ‫ﻭﺴﺎﺩﺕ‬‫ﺍﻟ‬‫ﻨﻔﺴﻴﺔ‬‫؛‬‫ﻭﻜﺭﺍﻫﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺒﻐﺽ‬ ‫ﻭﺤﻘﺩ‬ ‫ﻏل‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬،‫ﻗﻠـﻭﺒﻬﻡ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬‫ﻓﺄﺴـﻘﻁﺕ‬‫ﺍﻟـﺭﻭﺍﺒﻁ‬،‫ﺘﺠﻤﻌﻬﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻲ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻷﺴﺭﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ‬‫ﺇﻨﻬﻴﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻤﺭ‬ ‫ﻴﺼل‬ ‫ﻭﻗﺩ‬‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤـﺎﻋﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﻅﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﻜﺎﻤل‬‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻡ؛‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﺘﻤﻊ‬ ‫ﺃﻓﺭﺍﺩ‬ ‫ﺒﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺸﺎﻋﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻟﺘﺩﺍﻭل‬ ‫ﻨﺘﻴﺠﺔ‬.‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻴﻨﺹ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺫﻱ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺜﺎﻨﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﺅﺍل‬ ‫ﺇﺠﺎﺒﺔ‬:"‫ﻤﺎ‬‫ﻟ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﻔﺴﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺒﻌﺎﺩ‬‫ﺍﻹﺸـﺎﻋﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺘـﺭﻭﻴﺞ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﺘﻤﻊ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﻋﻼﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﺴﺎﺌل‬ ‫ﻋﺒﺭ‬"‫ﻭﺍﻨﺘﺸﺎﺭﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﺘﻤﻊ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺸﺎﻋﺔ‬ ‫ﺴﺭﻴﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺇﻥ‬‫؛‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﺘﻤﻊ‬ ‫ﺠﺴﺩ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﺨﺭ‬ ‫ﻴﻌﻨﻲ‬،‫ﺍﺴـﺘﻤﺭ‬ ‫ﻓﺈﻥ‬‫ﻓﻬﺫﺍ‬‫ﻫﻼﻜﻪ؛‬ ‫ﻴﻌﻨﻲ‬‫ﺍﻟﻌﻘ‬ ‫ﺘﺩﺍﺭﻜﻪ‬ ‫ﻭﺇﻥ‬‫ﻤﺄﺠﻭﺭﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﺃﻨﻬﻡ‬ ‫ﺸﻙ‬ ‫ﻭﻻ‬ ،‫ﺍﻹﺴﻼﻡ‬ ‫ﺜﻐﻭﺭ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺜﻐﺭ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻓﻬﻡ‬ ‫ﻼﺀ‬،‫ﺒﻔﻌﻠﻬﻡ‬‫ﻭﺍﻗﻊ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﻨﻅﺭﻨﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﻟﻭ‬)‫ﺍﻹﺸﺎﻋﺔ‬(‫ﺍﻟﻴﻭﻡ‬‫؛‬‫ﺘﺸﺘﻤل‬ ‫ﺃﻨﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻟﻭﺠﺩﻨﺎ‬‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬‫ﹴ‬‫ﺭ‬‫ﻜﺜﻴ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﻐﺎﻟﻁـﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤـﻥ‬،‫ﺍﻟﺤﻘﺎﺌﻕ‬ ‫ﻭﻗﻠﺏ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﺎﻟﺱ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﻕ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﺴ‬‫ﻴ‬ ‫ﻟﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻹﺫﻋﺎﻥ‬،‫ﻟﻠﺤﻘﻴﻘﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﺨﺎﻟﻑ‬ ‫ﻜﻼﻡ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻹﻋﻼﻡ‬‫ﻴﻌﻨﻲ‬ ‫ﻭﻫﺫﺍ‬‫ﺍﺴﺘﻤﺭﺍﺭ‬،‫ﺍﻟﻘﻭل‬ ‫ﺒﺯﺨﺭﻑ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻘﺒﻭل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻅﻠﻡ‬‫ﻓﻴ‬ ‫ﺘﻁﻠﻊ‬ ‫ﻴﻭﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﻜل‬‫ﻤﻌﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺘﻁﻠﻊ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺸﻤﺱ‬ ‫ﻪ‬)‫ﺇﺸﺎﻋﺔ‬(،‫ﺠﺩﻴﺩﺓ‬‫ﻴﺘﻌﺎﻫ‬ ‫ﻤﺘﻁﻔﻠﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﻌﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﻴﻁﻠﻊ‬‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻹﺸﺎﻋﺔ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﻨﻬﺎ‬‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻨﻁﻊ‬ ‫ﺄﻴﻴﺩ‬.‫ﻓ‬‫ﺘﻨﺘﺸﺭ‬ ‫ﺨﻁﻴﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻅﺎﻫﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺎﻹﺸﺎﻋﺔ‬‫ﻭﺍﻟﻐﺭﺒﻴـ‬ ‫ﺍﻟـﺸﺭﻗﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﺘﻤﻌـﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻜـل‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬‫ﺔ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﺘﺤﻀﺭﺓ‬‫ﻭﺍﻟﻤﺘﺨﻠﻔﺔ‬‫؛‬‫ﻭﺍﻟﻔﻘﻴﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻐﻨﻴﺔ‬،‫ﻓ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﻭﻀﻭﻉ‬ ‫ﺤﻴﺙ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺘﺨﺘﻠﻑ‬،‫ﺍﻟـﺸﻜل‬ ‫ﺤﻴﺙ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﺘﻤﺎﺜل‬‫ﻭﺍﻟﻬﺩﻑ‬‫ﻭ‬ ،َ‫ﹰ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﻏﺎﻟﺒ‬‫ﻤﺎ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﺘﻤﻊ‬ ‫ﺜﻘﺎﻓﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﻊ‬ ‫ﺘﺘﻨﺎﺴﺏ‬،‫ﻭﻫﻭﺍﺠﺴﻪ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻫﺘﻤﺎﻤﺎﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﻭﺠﻨﺴﻪ‬‫ﻭﻫﻲ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﺘﻲ‬‫ﺘﻔﻌـل‬‫ﻓ‬ ‫ﻓﻌﻠﻬﺎ‬‫ﺍﻟﺒﺩﺍﺌﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﺘﻤﻊ‬ ‫ﻲ‬،‫ﹰ‬‫ﻻ‬‫ﺒﺎ‬ ‫ﻟﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻴﻠﻘﻲ‬ ‫ﻻ‬ ‫ﻗﺩ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﺘﺤﻀﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﺘﻤﻊ‬،‫ﺍﻟﺘـﻲ‬ ‫ﻫﻲ‬ ‫ﺃﻨﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻜﻤﺎ‬‫ﺘﺭﻋـﺏ‬PDF created with pdfFactory trial version www.pdffactory.com
    • 21‫ﺍﻟﻤﺘﺤﻀﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﺘﻤﻊ‬،‫ﻓ‬‫ﻼ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﺘﺨﻠﻔﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﺒﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻴﺒﺎﻟﻲ‬،‫ﺍﻟﺘﻲ‬ ‫ﻭﻫﻲ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﺃﺓ‬ ‫ﺘﻬﺯ‬‫ﻓ‬‫ﻘﺩ‬‫ﹰ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﺸﻴﺌ‬ ‫ﺘﻌﻨﻲ‬ ‫ﻻ‬‫ﺒﺎﻟﻨـﺴﺒﺔ‬‫ﻟﻠﺭﺠل‬،‫ﻭﺒﺎﻟﻌﻜﺱ‬‫ﻭﻫﻜﺫﺍ‬.‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﺘﻤﻊ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺸﺎﻋﺔ‬ ‫ﺨﻁﺭ‬ ‫ﺇﻥ‬‫؛‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﺘﻤـ‬ ‫ﻫـﺫﺍ‬ ‫ﻴﺘﻨـﺎﻭل‬ ‫ﻋﻨﺩﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﺨﻁﻭﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺃﻜﺜﺭ‬ ‫ﻴﻜﻭﻥ‬‫ﻊ‬‫ﺒﺎﻷﻗﺎﻭﻴل‬‫ﻭﺍﻹﺸﺎﻋﺎﺕ‬‫؛‬‫ﻭﻤﺜﻠﻪ‬ ‫ﻭﻗﻴﻤﻪ‬ ‫ﻋﻘﻴﺩﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﻴﻤﺱ‬ ‫ﻤﺎ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﺘﻜﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﺫﻟﻙ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺃﺨﻁﺭ‬ ،‫ﻭﺒﻨﻴﺎﻨﻪ‬ ‫ﺃﺴﺴﻪ‬‫ﺍﻹﺸﺎﻋﺔ‬‫ﺒﻬﻡ‬ ‫ﻨﺜﻕ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻴﺩ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺘﺠﺭﻱ‬‫؛‬‫ﺃﻜﺜـﺭ‬ ‫ﻓﻬـﺅﻻﺀ‬ ،‫ﻭﺍﻟﻤﻌﺭﻓﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻡ‬ ‫ﺃﻫل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﺘﻤﻊ‬ ‫ﻭﻴﻌﺘﺒﺭﻫﻡ‬‫ﹰ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﺨﻁﺭ‬‫ﻤـﺎ‬ ‫ﻟﻜل‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻻﻨﺘﺒﺎﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺭﻴﺙ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺒﺩ‬ ‫ﻻ‬ ‫ﻫﻨﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﻥ‬ ،‫ﺍﻵﺨﺭﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻨﻔﻭﺱ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﹰ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﺘﺄﺜﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺃﻜﺜﺭ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻋﺘﺒﺎﺭﻫﻡ‬‫ﻨﺘﻠ‬‫ﻭ‬ ،‫ﻘﺎﻩ‬‫ﺃﻥ‬‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻔﻜﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻘل‬ ‫ﺇﻋﻤﺎل‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﻨﻠﺠﺄ‬،،‫ﹼﺩ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ﻭﻨﻘ‬ ‫ﻨﺘﻠﻘﻰ‬ ‫ﻌﺔ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ﺇ‬ ‫ﻤﺠﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﻨﻜﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﻻ‬‫ﻜـل‬ ‫ﻕ‬‫ﺩ‬‫ﻭﻨﺼ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﺘﻤﻊ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺸﺎﻋﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﺨﻁﺭ‬ ،‫ﻭﺩﺏ‬ ‫ﻫﺏ‬ ‫ﻤﺎ‬‫؛‬‫ﺍﻷﻤﺭﺍﺽ‬ ‫ﺃﺨﻁﺭ‬ ‫ﻴﻔﻭﻕ‬،‫ﹰ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﻓﺘﻜـ‬ ‫ﺃﻜﺒﺭ‬ ‫ﻓﻬﻲ‬‫ﻭﺃﻜﺜـﺭ‬‫ﻭﺍﻟﺼﻭﺍﺏ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﻕ‬ ‫ﺠﺎﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﻴﻭﺼﻠﻨﺎ‬ ‫ﹰ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﻭﺇﺩﺭﺍﻜ‬ ‫ﹰ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﻭﻭﻋﻴ‬ ‫ﹰ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﺤﺭﺼ‬ ‫ﻤﻨﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﺴﺘﺤﻕ‬ ،‫ﹰ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﺘﺄﺜﻴﺭ‬.‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﺘ‬ ‫ﻴﻌﻠﻤﻪ‬ ‫ﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﻜل‬ ‫ﻭﻤﻊ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤـﺎﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﺘﻅـل‬ ‫ﻭﻭﻴﻼﺕ‬ ،‫ﻤﺴﺎﻭﺉ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺸﺎﻋﺔ؛‬ ‫ﺘﺴﺒﺒﻪ‬ ‫ﻤﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﻤﻊ؛‬‫ﻭﻁﻔﺤﺎ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﺘﻤﻊ‬ ‫ﺠﺴﺩ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﻓﺎﺴﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﺒﺅﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻤﺭﻭﺠﻭﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﻴﺒﻘﻰ‬ ،‫ﻟﻤﺭﻭﺠﻴﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺤﺒﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻬﻭﺍﻴﺔ‬ ،‫ﺍﻷﺴﺎﺴﻴﺔ‬،‫ﻭﺍﺴﺘﺌﺼﺎﻟﻬﺎ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻔﺘﺎﻜﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻵﻓﺔ؛‬ ‫ﻫﺫﻩ‬ ‫ﻤﺤﺎﺭﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﺸﻌﺏ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ،‫ﺃﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ،‫ﺠﻤﺎﻋﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﻱ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻓﻴﺠﺏ‬ ‫ﻤﻨﺘﻨﺎ؛‬ ‫ﺠﻠﺩﻴﺎ‬‫ﻤﺘ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﺘﺒﻘﻰ‬ ‫ﺠﺫﻭﺭﻫﺎ؛‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻨﺘﺯﺍﻋﻬﺎ‬‫ﻤـﺴﺘﻘﺒﻠﻬﺎ؛‬ ‫ﺘﺒﻨـﻲ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﺤﺩ؛‬ ‫ﻫﺩﻑ‬ ‫ﺫﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﺘﺭﺍﺒﻁﺔ؛‬ ،‫ﻤﺎﺴﻜﺔ‬‫ﻤﺴﻴﺭﺘﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺘﻌﺘﺭﺽ‬ ‫ﺃﺨﻁﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﺃﻱ‬ ‫ﻀﺩ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﻘﻑ‬.‫ﺇﻥ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﺘﻤﻊ‬ ‫ﻀﺩ‬ ‫ﻋﺩﻭﺍﻨﻲ‬ ‫ﺴﻠﻭﻙ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺸﺎﻋﺔ‬،‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺘﺭﺴﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﻔﺴﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻘﺩ‬ ‫ﺒﻌﺽ‬ ‫ﻋﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﻌﺒﻴﺭ‬‫ﺍﻟﻌﻘل‬‫ﺍﻟﺒﺎﻁﻥ‬،‫ﻤﺒﺎﺸﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺃﻓﻌﺎل‬ ‫ﻋﻨﻪ‬ ‫ﻴﻨﺠﻡ‬ ‫ﻗﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺩﻭﺍﻨﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﻠﻭﻙ‬ ‫ﻭﻫﺫﺍ‬،‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻨﻭﻉ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﻴﺘﺤﻭل‬ ‫ﻭﻗﺩ‬‫ﺍﻟﺸﺫﻭﺫ‬‫ﻭﺍﻟﻌﻤ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﻭل‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬‫ل‬،‫ﺍﻹ‬ ‫ﺃﻨﻭﺍﻉ‬ ‫ﺃﺒﺭﺯ‬ ‫ﻭﻟﻌل‬‫ﺸﺎﻋﺎﺕ‬‫ﻫﻲ‬:‫ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺱ‬ ‫ﺒﺄﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﹼﻕ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ﻴﺘﻌ‬ ‫ﻤﺎ‬‫؛‬‫ﻴﺘﺭﻜﻬﻡ‬ ‫ﻷﻨﻪ‬‫ﻓﻲ‬‫ﺍﻟﻘﻠﻕ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﺍﻤﺔ‬،‫ﻭﺍﻷﻤﻨﻲ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻱ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻭﻀﻊ‬ ‫ﻭﺨﺎﺼﺔ‬ ‫ﺤﻴﺎﺘﻬﻡ‬ ‫ﻤﺠﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﻴﺅﺜﺭ‬،‫ﻭﺍﻟﺩﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻜﺎﻷﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﻘﺭﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﻭﺜﻭﺍﺒﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻭﻋﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺩﺭﺍﻙ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺱ‬ ‫ﻴﻔﺘﻘﺩ‬ ‫ﻋﻨﺩﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﺨﺎﺼﺔ‬‫ﻭﺍﻟﻘﻴﻡ‬)،‫ﺍﻟﺤﺎﺭﺜﻲ‬2005:22.(‫ﻭﺍ‬‫ﻟﻤﺴﺘﻭﻯ‬‫ﺍﻟﺘﻌﻠﻴﻤﻲ‬‫ﺘﺘﺭﺘـﺏ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘـﻲ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟﺴﻠﺒﻴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺘﺄﺜﺭﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺠﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻨﻌﻜﺎﺴﺎﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﻟﻪ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺠﻤﺎﻋﺔ‬،‫ﺍﻹﺸﺎﻋﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺘﺭﻭﻴﺞ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬‫ﺍﻷ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﻜﻤﺎ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﺒﻨﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻨﺸﺌﺔ‬ ‫ﺴﺎﻟﻴﺏ‬‫ﻟﻜـل‬ ‫ﺜﻘﺎﻓﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﻌﻁﻴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬‫ﻤﺠﺘﻤﻊ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﺠﻤﺎﻋﺔ‬‫ﺃﺜﺭﻫﺎ‬‫ﹰ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﺃﻴﻀ‬ ‫ﺫﻟﻙ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬.‫ﻋﻠـﻰ‬ ‫ﺘﺘﺭﺘـﺏ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻲ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﻔﺴﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻵﺜﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﻥ‬‫ﺍﻹﺸﺎﻋﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺘﺭﻭﻴﺞ‬‫ﻴﻠﻲ‬ ‫ﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﺘﻤﻊ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺨل‬:‫ﺍﻟﻘﻴﻤﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﻅﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺘﺩﻤﻴﺭ‬‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻲ‬ ‫ﻠﻡ‬‫ﺴ‬‫ﻭﺍﻟ‬:‫ﻭﺍﻹﺴﻼﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺭﺒﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺒﻴﻨﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﺘﻤﻌﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺩﻴﺩ‬ ‫ﺘﻌﻴﺵ‬‫؛‬‫ﹰ‬‫ﻻ‬‫ﻤﻌﻘﻭ‬ ‫ﹰ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﻨﻭﻋ‬‫ﻤﻥ‬:‫ﺍﻟﺘﺠـﺎﻨﺱ‬‫ﺍﻟﻨﺴﺒﻲ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻻﺴﺘﻘﺭﺍﺭ‬،‫ﺍﻟﻤﺜﺎل‬ ‫ﺴﺒﻴل‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻓﻬﻨﺎﻙ‬ ،‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﻀﻭﺍﺒﻁﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﻴﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻨﻅﻤﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻀﻭﺀ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬:‫ﺍﻟﺼﺩﻕ‬،‫ﺍﻷﻤﺎﻨﺔ‬،‫ﺍﻹﻴﺜﺎﺭ‬،‫ﺍﻟﺘﻜﺎﻓل‬،‫ﺒﺎﻟﻤﻭﺍﻁﻨﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺸﻌﻭﺭ‬،‫ﺍﻟﻌـﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺎل‬ ‫ﺼﻴﺎﻨﺔ‬،‫ﻓـﻲ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻹﺨـﻼﺹ‬PDF created with pdfFactory trial version www.pdffactory.com
    • 22‫ﺍﻟﻌﻤل‬‫ﺫﻟﻙ‬ ‫ﻭﻏﻴﺭ‬ ،‫ﻭﺍﻟﻤﻌﺎﻴﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﻴﻡ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬‫؛‬‫ﻭﻀـﻌﻑ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﺘﻤـﻊ‬ ‫ﺍﻀﻁﺭﺍﺏ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺨﺭﻗﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻴﺅﺩﻱ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻲ‬‫ﻭﻤﺨﻁﻁـﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺨـﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻁﺭﺍﻑ‬ ‫ﺒﺎل‬ ‫ﻋﻥ‬ ‫ﻴﻐﻴﺏ‬ ‫ﻻ‬ ‫ﻫﺩﻑ‬ ‫ﻭﻫﺫﺍ‬ ،‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﺤﺩﻱ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺼﻤﻭﺩ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻗﺩﺭﺘﻪ‬‫ﺍﻟﻨﻔﺴﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺭﺏ‬‫ﺍﻹﺸﺎﻋﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﺭﻭﺠﻲ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺭﺍﻤﺞ‬ ‫ﺨﻼل‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﺎل‬ ‫ﻫﺫﺍ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺠﻬﺔ‬.‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﺘﻤﻊ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺤﺒﺎﻁ‬ ‫ﻤﺸﺎﻋﺭ‬ ‫ﺘﻌﻤﻴﻡ‬:‫ﺍﻟﻀﺭﻭﺭﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺤﺎﺠﺎﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﺇﺸﺒﺎﻉ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﻨﺴﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻓﺸل‬-‫ﻨﻔﺴﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﻡ‬ ‫ﻜﺎﻨﺕ‬ ‫ﺒﻴﻭﻟﻭﺠﻴﺔ‬-‫ﺫﻟﻙ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﻜﺭﺍﺭ‬‫ﺒﺎﻹﺤﺒﺎﻁ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺸﻌﻭﺭ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﻴﺅﺩﻱ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﺸل‬‫؛‬‫ﺩﺍﺨل‬ ‫ﻴﻭﺠﻪ‬ ‫ﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﻋﺎﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺫﻱ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺩﻭﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺘﺴﺘﺜﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﻨﻔﺴﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺤﺎﻟﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﻫﻲ‬‫ﺍﻹﻨﺴﺎﻥ‬،‫ﻭﺍ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺫﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺇﻴﺫﺍﺀ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺭﻏﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﺤﻴﺙ‬‫ﺍﻵﺨـﺭﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺃﻱ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺨﺎﺭﺝ‬ ‫ﻨﺤﻭ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ،‫ﻭﺍﻻﻜﺘﺌﺎﺏ‬ ‫ﻟﻌﺯﻟﺔ‬،‫ﺍﻟﻤﺒﺎﺸﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺎﺩﻱ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺨﺭﻴﺏ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻴل‬ ‫ﺤﻴﺙ‬ ‫ﺤﻜﻭﻤﻴﺔ؛‬ ‫ﻭﺩﻭﺍﺌﺭ‬ ‫ﻤﺅﺴﺴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﻜﺎﻨﻭﺍ‬ ‫ﹰ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﺃﺸﺨﺎﺼ‬،‫ﻤﺜل‬:‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻤﺘﻠﻜﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺠﺎﻭﺯ‬،‫ﻤﺘﻨﻭﻋﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﻋﻤﺎل‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﻏﻴﺭﻫﺎ‬.‫ﺍﻟﻤﺒﺎﺸﺭ‬ ‫ﻏﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﻔﺴﻲ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﺨﺭﻴﺏ‬،‫ﻤﺜل‬:‫ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺌﻭﻟ‬ ‫ﺘﺤﻤل‬ ‫ﻭﺘﺠﻨﺏ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻤل‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺨﻼﺹ‬ ‫ﻋﺩﻡ‬‫ﻴﺔ‬‫ﺍﻵﺨـﺭﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺘﻘﺩﻡ‬ ‫ﺃﻤﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺭﺍﻗﻴل‬ ‫ﻭﻭﻀﻊ‬،‫ﻟﻠﻤﻨﻁﻘﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻭﺠﻬﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﻔﺴﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﺤﺭﺒﻬﻡ‬ ‫ﹰ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﺃﻫﺩﺍﻓ‬ ‫ﻟﻭﻀﻌﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﻌﺽ‬ ‫ﺘﻐﺭﻱ‬ ‫ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﻏﻴﺭﻫﺎ‬‫ﺨﻼل‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ،‫ﺍﻹﺸﺎﻋﺎﺕ‬.‫ﻟﻠﻔﻜﺭ‬ ‫ﻭﺇﻋﺎﻗﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻤﻌﻨﻭﻴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺘﺩﻨﻲ‬:‫ﺇ‬‫ﺍﻨﺘﺸﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﻥ‬‫ﺍﻹﺸﺎﻋﺎﺕ‬‫ﻓـﺎﻟﻁﺭﻑ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻨﻭﻴـﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺘـﺩﻨﻲ‬ ‫ﻻﻨﺘﺸﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﻭﺴﻴﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﻴﻌﺘﺒﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﺘﻤﻊ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻨ‬ ‫ﻫﻭ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺸﺎﺌﻌﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺘﻬﺩﻑ‬‫ﻴ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺸﺎﻋﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﻜﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﻤﻌﻨﻭﻴﺎﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﺒﺘﻤﺯﻴﻕ‬ ‫ﻲ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ﺘﺤﺠﺏ‬ ‫ﺤﻭﺍﺠﺯ‬ ‫ﺘﺒﻨﻲ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﻜﻥ‬‫ﻴـﺼﻌﺏ‬ ‫ﻭﺭﺒﻤـﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﻘﺎﺌﻕ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻌﺭﻑ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﻠﺒﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻨﻭﻉ‬ ‫ﻓﻴﺤﺩﺙ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﻘﻴﻘﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻨﺘﺸﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﺨﻼﻟﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬‫ﺘﺼﺩﻴﻘﻬﺎ‬..‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠـﺎل‬ ‫ﻭﻴﻔﺴﺢ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺭﺃﻱ‬ ‫ﻤﺼﺩﺍﻗﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﻭﻴﺅﺜﺭ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻨﺎﺱ‬ ‫ﹰ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﻤﺭﺒﻜ‬ ‫ﹰ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﻤﻨﺎﺨ‬ ‫ﻴﻭﻟﺩ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﺍ‬ ‫ﻜل‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﺒﻨﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻷﺨﺒﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻜﺎﺫﻴﺏ‬ ‫ﻻﻨﺘﺸﺎﺭ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﺘﻤﻊ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺴﻠﺒﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻁﺎﻗﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻴﺒﺙ‬ ‫ﻤﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﺴﻴﺌﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﻘﺎﺼﺩ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬.‫ﻭ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﺘﻤﻌﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺤﻴﺎﺓ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺨﺘﻠﻔﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﻋﻼﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﺴﺎﺌل‬ ‫ﺩﻭﺭ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻗﺩ‬‫؛‬‫ﻓـﻲ‬ ‫ﹰ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﻫﺎﻤ‬ ‫ﹰ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﺠﻭﻫﺭﻴ‬ ‫ﹰ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﺠﺯﺀ‬‫ﺍﻟﺨﻁـﺎﺏ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺠﻌل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻴﻭﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻟﻡ‬ ‫ﻓﻀﺎﺌﻴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺒﻴﺕ‬ ‫ﻜل‬ ‫ﺍﻨﻔﺘﺎﺡ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﻜﻤﺎ‬ ،‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻁﻭﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﻜﺭ‬ ‫ﺼﻴﺎﻏﺔ‬‫ﺍﻟﺠﻤ‬ ‫ﻤﺴﺘﻭﻯ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺘﻭﻅﻴﻔﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻴﻤﻜﻥ‬ ‫ﺃﺩﺍﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﻋﻼﻤﻲ‬،‫ﺍﻟﻘﻁﺭﻴـﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘـﻀﺎﻴﺎ‬ ‫ﻟﻴـﺸﻤل‬ ‫ﻴﻤﺘـﺩ‬ ‫ﺒل‬ ،‫ﺎﻋﺔ‬‫ﺤﻭﻟﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺠﺩﺍل‬ ‫ﻻ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﻀﺎﺌﻴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻓﺎﺌﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﻭﺒﺎﺘﺕ‬ ،‫ﻭﺍﻟﺩﻭﻟﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻹﻗﻠﻴﻤﻴﺔ‬)،‫ﺍﻟﺯﻫﺎﺭ‬2004:5(.‫ﺃﻤﺎ‬‫ﻤﺴﺅﻭﻟﻴﺘﻨﺎ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﺍﻹﺸﺎﻋﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﻤﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ‬:‫ﹰ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﺃﺩﻭﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺸﺎﻋﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻌﺒﺕ‬ ‫ﻟﻘﺩ‬‫ﻤـﻭﺍﺯﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻗﻠﺏ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺤﺎﺴﻤﺔ‬‫ﻟﺼﺎﻟﺢ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﻭﻯ‬‫ﻤﺭﻭﺠﻴﻬﺎ‬،‫ﻭﺍﻟﺤﺎﻀﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺎﻀﻲ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬،‫ﻓﺘـﺎﻙ‬ ‫ﻨﻔﺴﻲ‬ ‫ﺴﻼﺡ‬ ‫ﻓﻬﻲ‬‫ﺍﻟـﺼﺭﺍﻋﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻓـﻲ‬‫ﻭﺍﻟﺤﺭﻭﺏ‬،‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺃﺴﻠﻭﺏ‬‫ﻭﺍﻟﻤﺠﺘﻤـﻊ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔـﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﺼﻌﻴﺩ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻨﻭﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺭﻭﺡ‬ ‫ﺘﻘﻭﻴﺽ‬ ‫ﺃﺴﺎﻟﻴﺏ‬،‫ﻭﻻ‬‫ﺍﻟﻜﺭﻴﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﺭﺁﻥ‬ ‫ﻨﺠﺩ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﻋﺠﺏ‬‫ﺽ‬‫ﺤ‬ ‫ﻗﺩ‬‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺤﻴﻁﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺒﺼﺭ‬ ‫ﻀﺭﻭﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬‫ﻋﻤـﻕ‬ ‫ﻤـﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﻋﻴـﺔ‬‫ﺘﻌﺎﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺒﻘﻭﻟﻪ‬ ‫ﺁﺜﺎﺭﻫﺎ‬:}‫ﹸـﻭﺍ‬‫ﻨ‬‫ﻴ‬‫ﺒ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﺘ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻓ‬ ٍ‫ﺄ‬‫ﺒ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻨ‬‫ﹺ‬‫ﺒ‬ ‫ﹲ‬‫ﻕ‬‫ﺴ‬‫ﹶﺎ‬‫ﻓ‬ ‫ﻡ‬‫ﹸ‬‫ﻜ‬‫ﺎﺀ‬‫ﺠ‬ ‫ِﻥ‬‫ﺇ‬ ‫ﹸﻭﺍ‬‫ﻨ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ﺁ‬ ‫ﻥ‬‫ﻴ‬‫ﺫ‬‫ﱠ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﺍ‬ ‫ﺎ‬‫ﻬ‬‫ﻴ‬َ‫ﺃ‬ ‫ﺎ‬‫ﻴ‬‫ﹰ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﻤـ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻗ‬ ‫ﻭﺍ‬‫ﺒ‬‫ﻴ‬‫ﺼ‬‫ﹸـ‬‫ﺘ‬ ‫َﻥ‬‫ﺃ‬‫ﻥ‬‫ﻴ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ﺩ‬‫ﹶﺎ‬‫ﻨ‬ ‫ﻡ‬‫ﹸ‬‫ﺘ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ﻌ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻓ‬ ‫ﺎ‬‫ﻤ‬ ‫ﹶﻰ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ﻋ‬ ‫ﻭﺍ‬‫ﺤ‬‫ﹺ‬‫ﺒ‬‫ﺼ‬‫ﹸ‬‫ﺘ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻓ‬ ‫ﺔ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﻬ‬‫ﺠ‬‫ﹺ‬‫ﺒ‬{)‫ﺍﻟﺤﺠـﺭﺍﺕ‬:6(‫ﻟﻬﺫﻩ‬ ‫ﻭﻓﻬﻤﻨﺎ‬‫ﺍﻟ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻴﻤﻜﻨﻨﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﻘﻴﻘﺔ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ﻘﺩﺭﺓ‬‫ﻤﻌﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻌﺎﻤل‬ ‫ﺤﺴﻥ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬،‫ﻓ‬‫ﺇﻟﻴﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺅﺩﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺴﺒﺎﺏ‬ ‫ﺘﺠﻨﺏ‬ ‫ﻲ‬،‫ﻓﻼ‬‫ﺍﻟﻁـﺭﺡ‬ ‫ﻓـﻲ‬ ‫ﻏﺎﻤﻀﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻨﻜﻭﻥ‬PDF created with pdfFactory trial version www.pdffactory.com
    • 23‫ﻷﻤﻭﺭﻨﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻤﻌﺎﻟﺠﺔ‬،‫ﻭﺍﻟﺤﻜﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻓﺭﺍﺩ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﻴﺠﺏ‬‫؛‬‫ﻋﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺒﺘﻌﺎﺩ‬‫ﻓﻀﻭل‬ ‫ﺇﺜﺎﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺸﺄﻨﻪ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﻜل‬‫ﺍﻵﺨﺭﻴﻥ‬،‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻔﺴﻴﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺘﺄﻭﻴﻼﺕ‬ ‫ﻀﺤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﺭﻜﻬﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﺴﺎﺅﻻﺘﻬﻡ‬‫ﺍﻟﺨﺎﻁﺌﺔ‬،‫ﻗـﻀﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﻴﺠـﺏ‬ ‫ﻭﻜﺫﻟﻙ‬‫ﻭﺠﻤﺎﻋﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺃﻓﺭﺍﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺱ‬ ‫ﺤﺎﺠﺎﺕ‬،‫ﺍﻟﺭﻏﺒﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺒﻠﻭﻍ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﻤﻌﻬﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺼﺩﻕ‬‫ﻭﺍﻟﺭﻗﻲ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻁﻠﻌﺎﺕ‬‫؛‬‫ﺤﺘـﻰ‬‫ﻋﻠﻴﻪ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﻤﺎﻟﻪ‬ ‫ﻓﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﻜل‬ ‫ﻴﺴﺘﺸﻴﺭ‬،‫ﻴﺘﻘﻭ‬ ‫ﻓﻼ‬‫ﻗ‬‫ﻋﻥ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟﺒﻌﺩ‬ ‫ﺫﺍﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﺤﻭل‬ ‫ﻊ‬‫ﺃﺜﺭﻩ‬‫ﺍﻟﺠﻤﺎﻋﺔ‬ ‫ﺭﻭﺡ‬ ‫ﻜﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺇﺫﺍ‬‫؛‬‫ﺍﻟﺫﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻁﻤﻭﺤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﻤﻭﻉ‬ ‫ﻤﺼﻠﺤﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﻴﺅﺜﺭ‬ ‫ﺤﺘﻰ‬،‫ﻫﺫﺍ‬ ‫ﻭﻓﻲ‬‫ﻓﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﻜل‬ ‫ﻭﻟﻴﻜﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﻴﺜﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﻗﻤﺔ‬‫ﻭﻟﻠﺠﻤﻊ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻻﻫﺘﻤﺎﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺩﺍﺭﻙ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺴﻤﻭ‬ ‫ﹰ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﺤﻴ‬ ‫ﹰ‬‫ﻼ‬‫ﻤﺜ‬ ‫ﻤﻨﺎ‬‫ﺍﻟﻌﻤل‬ ‫ﻭﺴﻼﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﻭل‬ ‫ﺼﺩﻕ‬ ‫ﺒﻴﻥ‬.‫ﻭ‬‫ﻤﻁﻠﺏ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﺍ‬‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺅﻭﻟﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻤﻌﻨﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﻭﻋﻲ‬ ‫ﺒﻌﻤﻕ‬ ‫ﺍﺴﺘﺸﻌﺎﺭﻨﺎ‬ ‫ﻗﻭﺍﻤﻪ‬ ‫ﻤﻠﺢ‬ ‫ﺍﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻲ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﻠﻘﺎﺓ‬ ‫ﻴﺔ‬‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬‫ﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﺼﻌﻴﺩ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻋﻭﺍﺘﻘﻨﺎ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﻟﺠﻤﺎﻋﺔ‬.3‫ـ‬‫ﻤﻘﺘﺭﺤﺔ‬ ‫ﺭﺅﻴﺔ‬‫ﺇﺴﻼﻤﻲ؟‬ ‫ﻤﻨﻅﻭﺭ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﻋﻼﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﺴﺎﺌل‬ ‫ﻋﺒﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺸﺎﻋﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺘﺭﻭﻴﺞ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺤﺩ‬‫ﺍﻷ‬ ‫ﺘﺤﻘﻴﻕ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﹰ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﺩﺍﺌﻤ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺴﻼﻡ‬ ‫ﻴﺴﻌﻰ‬‫ﺃﻓﺭﺍﺩﻩ‬ ‫ﻟﺠﻤﻴﻊ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻲ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬،‫ﺍﻟﺴﺒل‬ ‫ﻓﻴﺤﺩﺩ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤـﺸﺭﻭﻋﺔ‬‫ﻗ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺨﺎﻁﺭ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﻨﺴﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻟﻭﻗﺎﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻹﻴﺠﺎﺒﻴﺔ؛‬،‫ﻭﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺸﺨﺼﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺤﻴﺎﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺘﻭﺍﺠﻬﻪ‬ ‫ﺩ‬‫ﻤﻥ‬‫ﺍﻹ‬ ‫ﻁﻤﺄﻨﻴﻨﺔ‬ ‫ﻴﻐﺘﺎل‬ ‫ﻤﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﻭﺘﺭ‬ ‫ﻭﻗﻠﻕ‬ ‫ﺨﻭﻑ‬‫ﻨﺴﺎﻥ‬.‫ﻓ‬،‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻟﻤﻘﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺠﺎﻤﻌﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺴﻼﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺎﻟﺭﺅﻴﺔ‬‫ﹰ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﺠﻤﻴﻌـ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﻨـﺴﺎﻨﻲ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻌﻤـﺭﺍﻥ‬:‫ﻀﺭﻭﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻟﺘﺤﻘﻴﻕ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﺘﻔﺎﻋﻠﺔ‬ ،‫ﻭﻤﺘﺴﺎﻨﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﻤﺴﺘﻘﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﻜﻌﻭﺍﻤل‬ ،‫ﻭﺍﻹﻨﺴﺎﻨﻲ‬ ،‫ﻭﺍﻟﻤﺎﺩﻱ‬ ،‫ﻭﺍﻟﻔﻜﺭﻱ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﺩﻴﻨﻲ‬‫ﺍﻵ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻤﺭﺍﻥ‬‫ﻟﻺﻨﺴﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬.‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﺎﺼﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻉ‬ ‫ﻓﻔﻲ‬‫ﺍﺴـﺘﻨﺒﺎﻁ‬ ‫ﺘﺴﺘﺩﻋﻲ‬ ،‫ﺍﻹﻨﺴﺎﻨﻲ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻘﻠﻕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺨﻭﻑ‬ ‫ﻤﺼﺎﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﻤﺴﺘﺠﺩﺍﺕ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻤﻴﺩﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﺍ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺘﻤﻴﺯﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺴﻼﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﻠﺴﻔﺔ‬ ‫ﺫﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻲ‬ ‫ﻟﻸﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺴﺒل‬)‫ﻋﻤﺎﺭﺓ‬،1998:25.(‫ﺘﻔﺼﻴ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺩﺀ‬ ‫ﻭﻗﺒل‬‫ﺍﻟﺘﻨﺒﻴﻪ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻻﺒﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﻘﺎﻁ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﻩ‬ ‫ل‬‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬‫ﹴ‬‫ﺭ‬‫ﺃﻤ‬‫ﻫﺎﻡ‬‫ﹰ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﺠﺩ‬‫ﻭﻫـﻭ‬ ‫ﺃﻻ‬ ،:‫ﺍﷲ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬‫ﺩﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﺃﻨﻔـﺴﻬﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺅﻤﻨﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻟﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﺎﻗﻠﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺨﻼل‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺸﺎﻋﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻘﻀﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻼﺝ‬ ‫ﺠﻌل‬ ‫ﻭﺘﻌﺎﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺴﺒﺤﺎﻨﻪ‬‫ﺍﻹﺸﺎﻋﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﺼﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺭﻜﻴﺯ‬‫؛‬‫ﻷ‬ ‫ﻭﺫﻟﻙ‬‫ﺍﻟﻨﻔـﺎ‬ ‫ﺃﻫل‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻴﻜﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﻗﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺸﺎﻋﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﺼﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻥ‬‫ﻕ‬،‫ﻤـﻥ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬‫ﺍﻟﻜﻔﺎﺭ‬،‫ﻭ‬ ،‫ﺍﻷﻋﺩﺍﺀ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬‫ﻓ‬ ،‫ﻤﻌﻬﻡ‬ ‫ﺤﻴﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﻻ‬ ‫ﻫﺅﻻﺀ‬‫ﺈ‬‫ﺩﺃﺒﻬ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻥ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﺴﻠﻤﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻹﻀﻌﺎﻑ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺸﺎﻋﺔ‬ ‫ﻨﺸﺭ‬ ‫ﻡ‬.‫ﺍ‬ ‫ﻭﻀﻊ‬ ‫ﻓﻘﺩ‬ ‫ﻟﺫﻟﻙ‬‫ﺘﺴ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﻠﻭل‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﺠﻤﻭﻋﺔ‬ ‫ﻹﺴﻼﻡ‬‫ﺍﻹﺸﺎﻋﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺘﺭﻭﻴﺞ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺩ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﻬﻡ‬‫ﻴﻠﻲ‬ ‫ﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﻠﻭل‬ ‫ﻫﺫﻩ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﻥ‬ ،‫ﻭﺍﻟﻀﻴﺎﻉ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻔﻜﻙ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻤﺠﺘﻤﻊ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻔﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﺼﻴﺎﻨﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻬﺎ؛‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺼﺩﻱ‬ ‫ﻜﻴﻔﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﻊ‬:PDF created with pdfFactory trial version www.pdffactory.com
    • 24‫ﹰ‬‫ﻻ‬‫ﺃﻭ‬-‫ﺍﻟﺘﺜﺒﺕ‬‫ﻭﻨﻘﻠﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺨﺒﺭ‬ ‫ﺘﺼﺩﻴﻕ‬ ‫ﻗﺒل‬:‫ﺒﺘﺼﺩﻴﻘﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺒﺎﺩﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻭﻋﺩﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺨﺒﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺜﺒﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﺠﻭﺏ‬‫؛‬‫ﻭﺒ‬ ‫ﻭﻓﻜﺭ‬ ‫ﺭﻭﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﻥ‬‫ﻗﺎل‬ ‫ﻜﻤﺎ‬ ،‫ﺤﺙ‬‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺘﻌﺎﻟﻰ‬‫ﺫﻜﺭ‬‫ﺍﻹﻓﻙ‬ ‫ﺤﺎﺩﺙ‬:}‫ﺍﺀ‬‫ﺩ‬‫ﻬ‬‫ﱡ‬‫ﺸ‬‫ﹺﺎﻟ‬‫ﺒ‬ ‫ﹸﻭﺍ‬‫ﺘ‬ْ‫ﺄ‬‫ﻴ‬ ‫ﻡ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻟ‬ ‫ﹾ‬‫ﺫ‬ِ‫ﺈ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻓ‬ ‫ﺍﺀ‬‫ﺩ‬‫ﻬ‬‫ﹸ‬‫ﺸ‬ ‫ﺔ‬‫ﻌ‬‫ﺒ‬‫ﺭ‬َ‫ﺄ‬‫ﹺ‬‫ﺒ‬ ‫ﻪ‬‫ﻴ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ﻋ‬ ‫ُﻭﺍ‬‫ﺅ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﺠ‬ ‫ﹶﺎ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﻥ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﺒ‬‫ﺫ‬‫ﹶﺎ‬‫ﻜ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﺍ‬ ‫ﻡ‬‫ﻫ‬ ‫ﻪ‬‫ﱠ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ﺍﻟ‬ ‫ﺩ‬‫ﻨ‬‫ﻋ‬ ‫ﻙ‬ِ‫ﺌ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﻭ‬ُ‫ﺄ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻓ‬{)‫ﺍﻟﻨﻭﺭ‬:13(.‫ﻭ‬‫ﻋ‬ ‫ﺍﷲ‬ ‫ﺭﻀﻲ‬ ‫ﻋﺒﺎﺱ‬ ‫ﺍﺒﻥ‬ ‫ﻋﻥ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻤﻁﻬﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﺒﻭﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﹼﺔ‬‫ﻨ‬‫ﺍﻟﺴ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﻭﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﻜﻤﺎ‬‫ﺒﻥ‬ ‫ﻫﻼل‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﻨﻬﻤﺎ‬‫ﺍﻟﻨﺒﻲ‬ ‫ﻋﻨﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻤﺭﺃﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﻗﺫﻑ‬ ‫ﺃﻤﻴﺔ‬‫ﻭﺴﻠﻡ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻴﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﷲ‬ ‫ﺼﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﺒﻲ‬ ‫ﻓﻘﺎل‬ ‫ﺸﺤﻤﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﺍﺒﻥ‬ ‫ﺒﺸﺭﻴﻙ‬:"‫ﺩ‬‫ﺤ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﻴﻨﺔ‬‫ﻅﻬﺭﻙ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬")‫ﺍﻟﺒﺨﺎﺭﻱ‬ ‫ﺼﺤﻴﺢ‬3/358:2475(،‫ﻋﻥ‬ ‫ﻜﺎﺫﺏ‬ ‫ﺒﺨﺒﺭ‬ ‫ﻘﺒﺔ‬‫ﻋ‬ ‫ﺒﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻭﻟﻴﺩ‬ ‫ﺠﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﻭﻟﻤﺎ‬‫ﺍﻟﻨﺒﻲ‬ ‫ﻴﻘﺒل‬ ‫ﻟﻡ‬ ‫ﹶﻕ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻁ‬‫ﺼ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ﺍﻟ‬ ‫ﺒﻨﻲ‬‫ﻭﺴﻠﻡ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻴﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﷲ‬ ‫ﺼﻠﻰ‬‫ﺍﻟ‬ ‫ﺒﻥ‬ ‫ﺨﺎﻟﺩ‬ ‫ﺃﺭﺴل‬ ‫ﺒل‬ ،‫ﻜﻼﻤﻪ‬‫ﻟﻠﺘﺤﺭﻱ‬ ‫ﻭﻟﻴﺩ‬‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﺜﺒﺕ‬‫ﺘﻌﺎﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﷲ‬ ‫ﻗﺎل‬ ‫ﺫﻟﻙ‬ ‫ﻭﻓﻲ‬ ،:}‫َﻥ‬‫ﺃ‬ ‫ﹸﻭﺍ‬‫ﻨ‬‫ﻴ‬‫ﺒ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﺘ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻓ‬ ٍ‫ﺄ‬‫ﺒ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻨ‬‫ﹺ‬‫ﺒ‬ ‫ﹲ‬‫ﻕ‬‫ﺴ‬‫ﹶﺎ‬‫ﻓ‬ ‫ﻡ‬‫ﹸ‬‫ﻜ‬‫ﺎﺀ‬‫ﺠ‬ ‫ِﻥ‬‫ﺇ‬ ‫ﹸﻭﺍ‬‫ﻨ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ﺁ‬ ‫ﻥ‬‫ﻴ‬‫ﺫ‬‫ﱠ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﺍ‬ ‫ﺎ‬‫ﻬ‬‫ﻴ‬َ‫ﺃ‬ ‫ﺎ‬‫ﻴ‬‫ﻥ‬‫ﻴ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ﺩ‬‫ﹶﺎ‬‫ﻨ‬ ‫ﻡ‬‫ﹸ‬‫ﺘ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ﻌ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻓ‬ ‫ﺎ‬‫ﻤ‬ ‫ﹶﻰ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ﻋ‬ ‫ﻭﺍ‬‫ﺤ‬‫ﹺ‬‫ﺒ‬‫ﺼ‬‫ﹸ‬‫ﺘ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻓ‬ ‫ﺔ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﻬ‬‫ﺠ‬‫ﹺ‬‫ﺒ‬ ‫ﹰ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻗ‬ ‫ﻭﺍ‬‫ﺒ‬‫ﻴ‬‫ﺼ‬‫ﹸ‬‫ﺘ‬{)‫ﺍﻟﺤﺠﺭﺍﺕ‬:6(‫ﺍﻟﻤﺼﻁﻠﻕ‬ ‫ﺒﻨﻲ‬ ‫ﻏﺯﻭﺓ‬ ‫ﻭﻓﻲ‬‫ﻟﺴﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﻋﻠﻰ‬‫ﺒﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﷲ‬ ‫ﻋﺒﺩ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﻨﺎﻓﻘﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺯﻋﻴﻡ‬ ‫ﺴﻠﻭل‬ ‫ﺒﻥ‬ ‫ﺃﺒﻲ‬‫ﺘﻌﺎﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﷲ‬ ‫ﻗﺎل‬ ،:}‫ﹶﻰ‬‫ﻟ‬ِ‫ﺇ‬ ‫ﹶﺎ‬‫ﻨ‬‫ﻌ‬‫ﺠ‬‫ﺭ‬ ‫ﻥ‬ِ‫ﺌ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻟ‬ّ‫ل‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﺫ‬‫ﺍﻷ‬ ‫ﺎ‬‫ﻬ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻨ‬‫ﻤ‬ ‫ﺯ‬‫ﻋ‬‫ﺍﻷ‬ ‫ﻥ‬‫ﺠ‬‫ﹺ‬‫ﺭ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﺨ‬‫ﻴ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻟ‬ ‫ﺔ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻨ‬‫ﺩﻴ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﺍ‬{)‫ﺍﻟﻤﻨﺎﻓﻘﻭﻥ‬:8(،‫ﺍﷲ‬ ‫ﺭﺴﻭل‬ ‫ﱢ‬‫ل‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﺫ‬‫ﻭﺒﺎﻷ‬ ‫ﻨﻔﺴﻪ‬ ‫ﺯ‬‫ﻋ‬‫ﺒﺎﻷ‬ ‫ﻴﺭﻴﺩ‬‫ﺼﻠﻰ‬‫ﻭﺴﻠﻡ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻴﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﷲ‬‫ﺍﻟﺭﺴﻭل‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻜﻼﻡ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﺍ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻨﺼﺎﺭﻱ‬ ‫ﻗﻡ‬‫ﺭ‬‫ﺃ‬ ‫ﺒﻥ‬ ‫ﺩ‬‫ﺯﻴ‬ ‫ﻓﻨﻘل‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﺼﻼﺓ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻴﻪ‬،‫ﻭﺍﻟﺴﻼﻡ‬‫ﻓﻘﺎل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﻘل‬ ‫ﺤﺔ‬‫ﺼ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻴﺘﺜﺒﺕ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺃﺭﺍﺩ‬ ‫ﻭﺠﻬﻪ‬ ‫ﻓﺘﻐﻴﺭ‬" :‫ﹶ‬‫ﺕ‬‫ﻗﻠ‬ ‫ﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﹶ‬‫ﺕ‬‫ﻓﻘﻠ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻴﻪ‬ ‫ﻏﻀﺒﺕ‬ ‫ﱠﻙ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ﻟﻌ‬ ‫ﻏﻼﻡ‬ ‫ﻴﺎ‬"‫ﻓﻘﺎل‬:‫ﹸﻪ‬‫ﺘ‬‫ﻌ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ﺴ‬ ‫ﻟﻘﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﷲ‬ ‫ﺭﺴﻭل‬ ‫ﻴﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﷲ‬.‫ﻓﻘﺎل‬:‫ﻙ‬‫ﻌ‬‫ﺴﻤ‬ ‫ﺃﺨﻁﺄ‬ ‫ﻟﻌﻠﻪ‬"‫ﺭﻭﺍﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﻓﻲ‬‫ﺯﻴﺩ‬ ‫ﻋﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺩﻴﺙ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬‫ﻗﺎل‬ ‫ﻋﻨﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﷲ‬ ‫ﺭﻀﻲ‬ ‫ﺃﺭﻗﻡ‬ ‫ﺒﻥ‬:‫ﻭﺴﻠﻡ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻴﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﷲ‬ ‫ﺼﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﷲ‬ ‫ﺭﺴﻭل‬ ‫ﻗﺎل‬:"‫ﻗﻬ‬‫ﺩ‬‫ﻓﺼ‬‫ﻓﺄﺼﺎﺒﻨﻲ‬ ‫ﱠﺒﻨﻲ‬‫ﺫ‬‫ﻭﻜ‬ ‫ﻡ‬‫ﺍﷲ‬ ‫ﻓﺄﻨﺯل‬ ‫ﺒﻴﺘﻲ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﻓﺠﻠﺴﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﺜﻠﻪ‬ ‫ﻴﺼﺒﻨﻲ‬ ‫ﻟﻡ‬ ‫ﻡ‬‫ﻫ‬)‫ﻥ‬‫ﹸﻭ‬‫ﻘ‬‫ﻓ‬‫ﹶﺎ‬‫ﻨ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﺍ‬ ‫ﻙ‬‫ﺀ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﺠ‬ ‫ﹶﺍ‬‫ﺫ‬ِ‫ﺇ‬(...‫ﺍﻟﻨﺒﻲ‬ ‫ﻟﻪ‬ ‫ﻓﻘﺎل‬‫ﺍﷲ‬ ‫ﺼﻠﻰ‬‫ﻭﺴﻠﻡ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻴﻪ‬"‫ﺯﻴﺩ‬ ‫ﻴﺎ‬ ‫ﺼﺩﻗﻙ‬ ‫ﻗﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﷲ‬ ‫ﻥ‬‫ﺇ‬"‫ﺍﻟﻨﺒﻲ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺠﺭﺍﺀ‬ ‫ﻭﻫﺫﺍ‬‫ﻭﺴﻠﻡ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻴﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﷲ‬ ‫ﺼﻠﻰ‬‫ﺩﻟﻴل‬‫ﺍﻹﺸﺎﻋ‬ ‫ﹸﻘﻠﺕ‬‫ﻨ‬ ‫ﻟﻭ‬ ‫ﱠﻰ‬‫ﺘ‬‫ﺤ‬ ،‫ﺕ‬‫ﺒ‬‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﺜ‬ ‫ﱠﺤﺭﻱ‬‫ﺘ‬‫ﺍﻟ‬ ‫ﻭﺠﻭﺏ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬‫ﺍﻟﻌﺩﻭ‬ ‫ﻋﻥ‬ ‫ﺔ‬")‫ﺍﻟﺒﺨﺎﺭﻱ‬ ‫ﺼﺤﻴﺢ‬2/450:4521(.‫ﺭ‬‫ﻓﺄﻤ‬ِ‫ﷲ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﻭﺠل‬ ‫ﻋﺯ‬‫ﺍﻟﻨﺒﻲ‬ ‫ﻭﻓﻌل‬‫ﻭﺴﻠﻡ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻴﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﷲ‬ ‫ﺼﻠﻰ‬‫ﻴ‬‫ﺒﺎﻟﺘﺒ‬‫ﻭ‬ ‫ﻥ‬‫ﺒ‬‫ﺍﻟﺘﺜ‬‫ﺕ‬‫ﹰ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﻀﺭﻭﺭﻴ‬،‫ﻓ‬‫ﻼ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﺙ‬‫ﻴﺒ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻤﺴﻠﻡ‬ ‫ﻴﺤل‬‫ﺨﺒﺭ‬‫ﹰ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﹰ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﻤﺘﺄﻜﺩ‬ ‫ﻴﻜﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﻥ‬‫ﺼﺤﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬‫؛‬‫ﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺨﺒﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﻷﻥ‬‫ﺍﻟﻜﺎﺫﺒـﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻗﺎﻭﻴـل‬‫ﻭﺍﻟ‬ ‫ﻟﻸﻓﺭﺍﺩ‬ ‫ﺘﺴﻴﺊ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ﻜﻜل‬ ‫ﺠﺘﻤﻊ‬،‫ﻭ‬‫ﺒ‬‫ﺍﻟﺘﺜ‬‫ﺕ‬‫ﺍﻟ‬ ‫ﻥ‬‫ﻴ‬‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﺒ‬‫ﺍﻟﺴﺎﺒﻘﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻵﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﺭﺍﺩ‬‫ﻟﻪ‬‫ﻋﺩﺓ‬‫ﻁﺭﻕ‬‫ﻭﻭﺴﺎﺌل‬،‫ﻤﻨﻬﺎ‬:‫ﺃـ‬‫ﺍﻷﻤﺭ‬ ‫ﺇﺭﺠﺎﻉ‬‫ﺍﻻﺨﺘﺼﺎﺹ‬ ‫ﻷﻫل‬:‫ﺍﻻﺨﺘﺼﺎﺹ‬ ‫ﹺﻬﺔ‬‫ﺠ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺭﺠﻭﻉ‬‫؛‬‫ﺍﻟﺤﻕ‬ ‫ﻟﻤﻌﺭﻓﺔ‬‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺼﻭﺍﺏ‬‫ﺍﻟﺸﺎﺌﻌﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺨﺒﺎﺭ‬‫ﻴﻌﺩ‬‫ﻤـﻥ‬‫ﺕ‬‫ﺒ‬‫ﺍﻟﺘﺜ‬ ‫ﻭﺴﺎﺌل‬‫ﺍﻟﺸﺭﻉ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻴﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺩﻋﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻲ‬،‫ﺫﻟﻙ‬ ‫ﺒﻴﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺨﺘﺼﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﻋﻠﻰ‬ ،‫ﻓﻘﺩ‬‫ﻭﺠل‬ ‫ﻋﺯ‬ ‫ﺤﺫﺭ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﻨﺎﻓﻘﻴﻥ‬PDF created with pdfFactory trial version www.pdffactory.com
    • 25‫ﻭ‬‫ﻴﺘﻠﻘ‬ ‫ﻜﺎﻨﻭﺍ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺫﻴﻥ‬‫ﺍﻟﻨﺒﻲ‬ ‫ﻋﻨﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻴﺘﺤﺩﺙ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﻗﺒل‬ ‫ﻭﻴﺸﻴﻌﻭﻨﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﺭﺍﻴﺎ‬ ‫ﺃﺨﺒﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﻥ‬‫ﻋﻠﻴـﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﷲ‬ ‫ﺼـﻠﻰ‬‫ﻭﺴﻠﻡ‬‫ﺒﺎﻋﺘﺒﺎﺭﻩ‬‫ﺍﻻﺨﺘﺼﺎﺹ‬ ‫ﹺﻬﺔ‬‫ﺠ‬‫ﺤﻴﺙ‬ ،‫ﺘﻌﺎﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﷲ‬ ‫ﻴﻘﻭل‬:}‫ﹺ‬‫ﻭ‬َ‫ﺃ‬ ‫ﹺ‬‫ﻥ‬‫ـ‬‫ﻤ‬َ‫ﻷ‬‫ﺍ‬ ‫ﻥ‬‫ـ‬‫ﻤ‬ ‫ﺭ‬‫ـ‬‫ﻤ‬َ‫ﺃ‬ ‫ﻡ‬‫ﻫ‬‫ﺎﺀ‬‫ﺠ‬ ‫ﹶﺍ‬‫ﺫ‬ِ‫ﺇ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﻌ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻟ‬ ‫ﻡ‬‫ﻬ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻨ‬‫ﻤ‬ ‫ﹺ‬‫ﺭ‬‫ﻤ‬َ‫ﻷ‬‫ﺍ‬ ‫ِﻲ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﻭ‬ُ‫ﺃ‬ ‫ﹶﻰ‬‫ﻟ‬ِ‫ﺇ‬‫ﻭ‬ ِ‫ل‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﺴ‬‫ﺭ‬‫ﺍﻟ‬ ‫ﹶﻰ‬‫ﻟ‬ِ‫ﺇ‬ ‫ﻩ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﺩ‬‫ﺭ‬ ‫ﻭ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﻭ‬ ‫ﻪ‬‫ﹺ‬‫ﺒ‬ ‫ﹾ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﻋ‬‫ﹶﺍ‬‫ﺫ‬َ‫ﺃ‬ ‫ﻑ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﺨ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﻡ‬‫ﻬ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻨ‬‫ﻤ‬ ‫ﻪ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻨ‬‫ﹸﻭ‬‫ﻁ‬‫ﹺ‬‫ﺒ‬‫ﹶﻨ‬‫ﺘ‬‫ﺴ‬‫ﻴ‬ ‫ﻥ‬‫ﻴ‬‫ﺫ‬‫ﱠ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﺍ‬ ‫ﻪ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ﹰ‬‫ﻼ‬‫ﻴ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻗ‬ ‫ﱠ‬‫ﻻ‬ِ‫ﺇ‬ ‫ﻥ‬‫ﹶﺎ‬‫ﻁ‬‫ﻴ‬‫ﱠ‬‫ﺸ‬‫ﺍﻟ‬ ‫ﻡ‬‫ﹸ‬‫ﺘ‬‫ﻌ‬‫ﺒ‬‫ﱠ‬‫ﺘ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻻ‬ ‫ﻪ‬‫ﹸ‬‫ﺘ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ﺤ‬‫ﺭ‬‫ﻭ‬ ‫ﻡ‬‫ﹸ‬‫ﻜ‬‫ﻴ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ﻋ‬ ‫ﻪ‬‫ﹼ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ﺍﻟ‬ ُ‫ل‬‫ﻀ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻓ‬ ‫ﹶ‬‫ﻻ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﻭ‬{)‫ﺍﻟﻨﺴﺎﺀ‬:83(.‫ﻭﺫﻜﺭ‬)‫ﺍﻟﺴﻌﺩﻱ‬،1995:348("‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺘﺄﺩﻴﺏ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﺍ‬‫ﺍﻟﻼﺌﻕ‬ ‫ﻏﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﻓﻌﻠﻬﻡ‬ ‫ﻋﻥ‬ ‫ﻟﻌﺒﺎﺩﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﷲ‬‫ﻭﺃﻨﻪ‬ ،‫ﺍ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺃﻤﺭ‬ ‫ﺠﺎﺀﻫﻡ‬ ‫ﺇﺫﺍ‬ ‫ﻟﻬﻡ‬ ‫ﻴﻨﺒﻐﻲ‬‫ﻷ‬‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻤﺔ؛‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻤﺼﺎﻟﺢ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻬﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﻭﺭ‬‫ﻓﻴ‬‫ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺅﻤﻨﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺒﺴﺭﻭﺭ‬ ‫ﻴﺘﻌﻠﻕ‬ ‫ﻤﺎ‬‫ﻋﻠﻴﻬﻡ‬ ‫ﻤﺼﻴﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﻴﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺫﻱ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺨﻭﻑ‬‫؛‬‫ﺇﻟـﻰ‬ ‫ﻴﺭﺩﻭﻨﻪ‬ ‫ﺒل‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﺨﺒﺭ‬ ‫ﺫﻟﻙ‬ ‫ﺒﺈﺸﺎﻋﺔ‬ ‫ﻴﺴﺘﻌﺠﻠﻭﺍ‬ ‫ﻭﻻ‬ ‫ﻴﺘﺜﺒﺘﻭﺍ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬‫ﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺭﺴﻭل‬‫ﺇﻟ‬‫ﻤﻨﻬﻡ؛‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻤﺭ‬ ‫ﺃﻭﻟﻲ‬ ‫ﻰ‬‫ﻤﻥ‬‫ﺃﻫل‬:‫ﻭ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻌﻠﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺭﺃﻱ‬‫ﺍﻟﻌﻘـل‬‫ﻭﺍﻟﺭﺯﺍﻨـﺔ‬‫ﻴﻌﺭﻓـﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟـﺫﻴﻥ‬‫ﻭﻀﺩﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺼﺎﻟﺢ‬.‫ﻤﺼ‬ ‫ﺇﺫﺍﻋﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺭﺃﻭﺍ‬ ‫ﻓﺈﻥ‬‫ﻤـﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﺤﺭﺯﺍ‬ ‫ﻟﻬﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﺴﺭﻭﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻤﺅﻤﻨﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﻨﺸﺎﻁﺎ‬ ‫ﻠﺤﺔ‬‫ﺃﻋﺩﺍﺌﻬﻡ‬‫ﺫﻟﻙ‬ ‫ﻓﻌﻠﻭﺍ‬.‫ﻭﺇ‬‫ﻟﻴﺱ‬ ‫ﺭﺃﻭﺍ‬ ‫ﻥ‬‫ﻓﻴﻪ‬‫ﻤﺼﻠﺤﺔ‬‫؛‬‫ﻭ‬ ‫ﻤﺼﻠﺤﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﻴﻪ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬‫ﻤـ‬ ‫ﻟﻜﻥ‬‫ﻋﻠـﻰ‬ ‫ﺘﺯﻴـﺩ‬ ‫ﻀﺭﺘﻪ‬‫ﻴﺫﻴﻌﻭﻩ‬ ‫ﻟﻡ‬ ‫ﻤﺼﻠﺤﺘﻪ‬.‫ﻗﺎل‬ ‫ﻭﻟﻬﺫﺍ‬:}..‫ﻡ‬‫ﻬ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻨ‬‫ﻤ‬ ‫ﻪ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻨ‬‫ﹸﻭ‬‫ﻁ‬‫ﹺ‬‫ﺒ‬‫ﹶﻨ‬‫ﺘ‬‫ﺴ‬‫ﻴ‬ ‫ﻥ‬‫ﻴ‬‫ﺫ‬‫ﱠ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﺍ‬ ‫ﻪ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ﻌ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻟ‬...{)‫ﺍﻟﻨـﺴﺎﺀ‬:83(،‫ﺃﻱ‬‫ﻴﺴﺘﺨﺭﺠﻭﻨﻪ‬‫ﻭﻋﻠ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﺴﺩﻴﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﻭﺁﺭﺍﺌﻬﻡ‬ ‫ﺒﻔﻜﺭﻫﻡ‬‫ﺍﻟﺭﺸﻴﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﻬﻡ‬."‫ﺇﺸﺎﻋﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻓﻜﻡ‬‫ﺘﻼﻓـ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟﻤﻜﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻜﺎﻥ‬‫ﻲ‬‫ﺍﻻﺨﺘﺼﺎﺹ‬ ‫ﺃﻫل‬ ‫ﺒﺴﺅﺍل‬ ‫ﺸﺭﻫﺎ‬.‫ﺏ‬-‫ﺍﻹﺸﺎﻋﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﺤﺘﻭﻯ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻔﻜﺭ‬:‫ﻜﺜﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺇﻥ‬‫ﹰ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﺘﻠـ‬ ‫ﻜﺫﺏ‬ ‫ﻁﻴﺎﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﻴﺤﻤل‬ ‫ﻗﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺫﻱ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺸﺎﻋﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﻀﻤﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﻴﻔﻜﺭ‬ ‫ﻻ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺴﻠﻤﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬‫ﻙ‬‫ﻭ‬ ‫ﻟﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻴﺴﺘﺴﻠﻡ‬ ‫ﺘﺭﺍﻩ‬ ‫ﺒل‬ ،‫ﺍﻹﺸﺎﻋﺔ‬‫ﻴﻨ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﺴﻠﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﻜﺄﻨﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻟﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻘﺎﺩ‬.‫ﻭ‬‫ﺃﻋﻁﻴﻨ‬ ‫ﻟﻭ‬‫ﺃﻨﻔﺴ‬ ‫ﺎ‬‫ﻭ‬ ‫ﻨﺎ‬‫ﺃﺒـﺩﺍ‬ ‫ﺇﺸـﺎﻋﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻨﺘـﺸﺭﺕ‬ ‫ﻟﻤـﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺸﺎﻋﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺘﻠﻙ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻔﻜﺭ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺤﻅﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻟﻭ‬.‫ﺍﷲ‬ ‫ﺒﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻟﻘﺩ‬‫ﻭﺠل‬ ‫ﻋﺯ‬‫ﺴـﺒﺤﺎﻨﻪ‬ ‫ﻓﻘﺎل‬ ‫ﺍﻹﻓﻙ‬ ‫ﺤﺎﺩﺜﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺘﻜﻠﻤﻭﺍ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺫﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺅﻤﻨﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺤﺎل‬:}‫ﺇ‬‫ﻪ‬‫ﹶـ‬‫ﻨ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﱠ‬‫ﻘ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﺘ‬ ‫ﹾ‬‫ﺫ‬ِ‫ﹰ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﻨـ‬‫ﻴ‬‫ﻫ‬ ‫ﻪ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻨ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﺒ‬‫ﺴ‬‫ـ‬‫ﺤ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﺘ‬‫ﻭ‬ ‫ﻡ‬‫ﹾـ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ﻋ‬ ‫ﻪ‬‫ﹺـ‬‫ﺒ‬ ‫ﹸﻡ‬‫ﻜ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻟ‬ ‫ﺱ‬‫ﻴ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻟ‬ ‫ﺎ‬‫ﻤ‬ ‫ﹸﻡ‬‫ﻜ‬‫ﻫ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻓ‬َ‫ﺄ‬‫ﹺ‬‫ﺒ‬ ‫ﻥ‬‫ﹸﻭ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﹸﻭ‬‫ﻘ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﺘ‬‫ﻭ‬ ‫ﻡ‬‫ﹸ‬‫ﻜ‬‫ﺘ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻨ‬‫ﺴ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻟ‬َ‫ﺄ‬‫ﹺ‬‫ﺒ‬‫ﻪ‬‫ﱠـ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ﺍﻟ‬ ‫ﺩ‬‫ﻨـ‬‫ﻋ‬ ‫ﻭ‬‫ـ‬‫ﻫ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﻴﻡ‬‫ﻅ‬‫ﻋ‬ٌ{)‫ﺍﻟﻨﻭﺭ‬:15(‫ﻓ‬‫ﺍﻹﻨﺴﺎ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺩﻴﻬﻲ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬‫ﺒﻠﺴﺎﻨﻪ‬ ‫ﻻ‬ ‫ﺒﺴﻤﻌﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺨﺒﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﻴﺘﻠﻘﻰ‬ ‫ﻥ‬‫ﻭ‬ ،‫ﻤـﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﻔـﺭ‬ ‫ﺃﻭﻟﺌـﻙ‬ ‫ﻟﻜـﻥ‬،‫ﺍﻟﺘﻔﻜﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﻴﺴﺘﻌﻤﻠﻭﺍ‬ ‫ﻟﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺼﺤﺎﺒﺔ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﻴﻤﺭ‬ ‫ﻟﻡ‬‫ﺭ‬‫ﺍﷲ‬ ‫ﻗـﺎل‬ ‫ﺒـل‬ ،‫ﻓﻴﻪ‬ ‫ﻟﻴﺘﺩﺒﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﻋﻘﻭﻟﻬﻡ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺨﺒﺭ‬ ‫ﺫﻟﻙ‬ ‫ﻭﺍ‬‫ﺒ‬ ‫ﺒﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻴﺘﻜﻠﻤﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﺜﻡ‬ ‫ﺒﺄﻟﺴﻨﺘﻬﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﻓﻙ‬ ‫ﺤﺎﺩﺜﺔ‬ ‫ﻴﺘﻠﻘﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﺃﻨﻬﻡ‬ ‫ﻋﻨﻬﻡ‬‫ﻨﻘـل‬ ‫ﻓـﻲ‬ ‫ﺴﺭﻋﺘﻬﻡ‬ ‫ﺸﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺄﻓﻭﺍﻫﻬﻡ‬‫ﻓﻴﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻔﻜﺭ‬ ‫ﻭﻋﺩﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺨﺒﺭ‬.‫ﺍﻟﺨﻠﻕ‬ ‫ﺃﻁﻬﺭ‬ ‫ﻓﺭﺍﺵ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﻴﻜﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺤﺎل‬ ‫ﺃﻤﺤل‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺃﻨﻪ‬ ‫ﻟﻭﺠﺩﻭﺍ‬ ‫ﻗﻠﻴﻼ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺼﺤﺎﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﺘﻔﻜﺭ‬ ‫ﻭﻟﻭ‬‫ﺒﺘ‬ ‫ﺍﷲ‬ ‫ﺍﺼﻁﻔﺎﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺫﻱ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺸﺭﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﻓﻀل‬ ‫ﺯﻭﺠﺔ‬ ‫ﺘﺘﻬﻡ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﻴﻤﻜﻥ‬ ‫ﻜﻴﻑ‬ ،‫ﻴﻌﻴﺒﻪ‬ ‫ﺸﻲﺀ‬‫ﺇﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﺎﺤـﺸﺔ؟‬ ‫ﻬﻤﺔ‬‫ﺃﺒﺩ‬ ‫ﻴﻌﻘل‬ ‫ﻻ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﺍ‬‫ﹰ‬‫ﺍ‬.PDF created with pdfFactory trial version www.pdffactory.com
    • 26‫ﺃﺒ‬ ‫ﻭﻗﺼﺔ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﻭﺯﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻨﺼﺎﺭﻱ‬ ‫ﺃﻴﻭﺏ‬‫ﻋﻨﻬﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﷲ‬ ‫ﺭﻀﻲ‬ ‫ﺠﺘﻪ‬،‫ﺍﻟﻤﻨﺎﻓﻘﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﺃﺸﺎﻋﻪ‬ ‫ﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﺴﻤﻌﺎ‬ ‫ﻟﻤﺎ‬‫ﺭﻀ‬ ‫ﺯﻭﺠﻪ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺃﻴﻭﺏ‬ ‫ﺃﺒﻭ‬ ‫ﺩﺨل‬ ،‫ﺍﻹﻓﻙ‬ ‫ﺤﺎﺩﺜﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬‫ﻟﻪ‬ ‫ﻓﻘﺎﻟﺕ‬ ،‫ﻋﻨﻬﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﷲ‬ ‫ﻲ‬:‫ﺃﺒﺎ‬ ‫ﻴﺎ‬‫ﺃ‬‫ﺍﺴﻤﻌﺕ‬ ‫ﻴﻭﺏ‬‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﻗﻴل‬ ‫ﻤﺎ‬‫ﻓﻘﺎل‬ ‫ﻋﺎﺌﺸﺔ؟‬:،‫ﺍﻟﻜﺫﺏ‬ ‫ﻭﺫﻟﻙ‬ ،‫ﻨﻌﻡ‬‫ﺃ‬‫ﺕ‬‫ﺃﻨ‬ ‫ﻜﻨﺕ‬‫ﺃﻡ‬ ‫ﻴﺎ‬‫ﺃ‬‫ﻗﺎﻟﺕ‬ ‫ﺫﻟﻙ؟‬ ‫ﺘﻔﻌﻠﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻴﻭﺏ‬:‫ﻭﺍﷲ‬ ‫ﻻ‬.‫ﻗﺎل‬‫ﺃﻡ‬ ‫ﻗﺎﻟﺕ‬ ،‫ﻤﻨﻙ‬ ‫ﺍﻓﻀل‬ ‫ﻭﺍﷲ‬ ‫ﻓﻌﺎﺌﺸﺔ‬‫ﺃ‬‫ﻴ‬‫ﻭﺏ‬:‫ﻨﻌﻡ‬.‫ﻤﺼﺩﺭﻩ‬ ‫ﻤﻊ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺨﺒﺭ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﻔﻨﻴﺩ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﺜﺒﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺤﺭﻱ‬ ‫ﺇﻥ‬‫؛‬‫ﺍﻟﺭﺴﻭل‬ ‫ﺍﺴﺘﻌﻤﻠﻪ‬ ‫ﺇﺠﺭﺍﺀ‬‫ﻋﻠﻴﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﷲ‬ ‫ﺼﻠﻰ‬‫ﻭﺴﻠﻡ‬‫ﺃ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﻟﻴﺭﺸﺩﻨﺎ‬‫ﻭ‬ ‫ﻋﻼﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺨﺒﺭ‬ ‫ﻗﺒﻭل‬ ‫ﻋﺩﻡ‬ ‫ﻫﻤﻴﺔ‬‫ﺇ‬‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻴﻨﺎ‬ ‫ﺇﺫ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻋﺩﺍﺀ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺤﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺼﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻥ‬‫ﺒ‬‫ﻨﺘﺜ‬‫ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﺘﺼﺩﻴﻘﻪ‬ ‫ﻗﺒل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺨﺒﺭ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺕ‬‫ﺇ‬‫ﺸﺎﻋﺘﻪ‬.‫ﹰ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﺜﺎﻨﻴ‬-‫ﺍﻟﻔﺎﺴﻘﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻟﻺﺸﺎﻋﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﺎﻗل‬:‫ﻓ‬‫ﻭ‬ ‫ﻘﺩ‬‫ﺴﺒﺤﺎﻨﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﷲ‬ ‫ﺼﻑ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﻭﻤﺒﺘ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺸﺎﻋﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﺒﺘﺩﻉ‬ ‫ﺘﻌﺎﻟﻰ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﻭﻤﺭ‬ ،‫ﺩﺌﻬﺎ‬‫ﺍﻷﻭﺼـﺎﻑ‬ ‫ﺒﺄﻗﺒﺢ‬ ‫ﺠﻬﺎ‬‫؛‬‫ﺤﻴﺙ‬‫ﻭﺼﻔﻬﻡ‬‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟﻔﺴﻕ‬‫ﺘﻌﺎﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﻗﻭﻟﻪ‬:}‫َﻥ‬‫ﺃ‬ ‫ﹸـﻭﺍ‬‫ﻨ‬‫ﻴ‬‫ﺒ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﺘ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻓ‬ ٍ‫ﺄ‬‫ﺒ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻨ‬‫ﹺ‬‫ﺒ‬ ‫ﹲ‬‫ﻕ‬‫ﺴ‬‫ﹶﺎ‬‫ﻓ‬ ‫ﻡ‬‫ﹸ‬‫ﻜ‬‫ﺎﺀ‬‫ﺠ‬ ‫ِﻥ‬‫ﺇ‬ ‫ﹸﻭﺍ‬‫ﻨ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ﺁ‬ ‫ﻥ‬‫ﻴ‬‫ﺫ‬‫ﱠ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﺍ‬ ‫ﺎ‬‫ﻬ‬‫ﻴ‬َ‫ﺃ‬ ‫ﺎ‬‫ﻴ‬‫ﻤﺎ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻗ‬ ‫ﻭﺍ‬‫ﺒ‬‫ﻴ‬‫ﺼ‬‫ﹸ‬‫ﺘ‬...{)‫ﺍﻟﺤﺠﺭﺍﺕ‬:6(،‫ﺍﻟﻔ‬ ‫ﻤـﻥ‬ ‫ﺘﺜﺒﺕ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺨﺒﺭ‬ ‫ﻨﻘل‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﷲ‬ ‫ﻓﺠﻌل‬‫ﺎﺴـﻘﻴﻥ‬.‫ﻜﻤـﺎ‬‫ﺍﻟ‬ ‫ﻭﺼﻔﻬﻡ‬‫ﻨﺒﻲ‬‫ﻭﺴﻠﻡ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻴﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﷲ‬ ‫ﺼﻠﻰ‬،‫ﺒﺎﻟﻨﻔﺎﻕ‬‫ﻓ‬‫ﺍﷲ‬ ‫ﺭﺴـﻭل‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ، ‫ﻋﻨﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﷲ‬ ‫ﺭﻀﻲ‬ ‫ﻫﺭﻴﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺃﺒﻲ‬ ‫ﻌﻥ‬‫ﻭﺴﻠﻡ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻴﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﷲ‬ ‫ﺼﻠﻰ‬‫ﻗﺎل‬:"‫ﺜﻼﺙ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻨﺎﻓﻕ‬ ‫ﺁﻴﺔ‬:‫ﻭﺇﺫﺍ‬ ،‫ﺃﺨﻠﻑ‬ ‫ﻭﻋﺩ‬ ‫ﻭﺇﺫﺍ‬ ،‫ﻜﺫﺏ‬ ‫ﺤﺩﺙ‬ ‫ﺇﺫﺍ‬‫ﺍﺅﺘﻤـﻥ‬‫ﺨﺎﻥ‬")‫ﺍﻟﺒﺨﺎﺭﻱ‬ ‫ﺼﺤﻴﺢ‬2/277:2544.(‫ﺼﺤﺘﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺄﻜﺩ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺨﺒﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﻨﻘل‬ ‫ﻓﻤﺠﺭﺩ‬‫ﺫﻟﻙ‬ ‫ﻭ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻔﺴﻕ؛‬ ‫ﻤﻭﺠﺏ‬‫ﻷ‬‫ﺍﻷﺨﺒﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﻩ‬ ‫ﻥ‬‫ﺨﺒﺭ‬ ‫ﻜل‬ ‫ﻨﻘل‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻓﻜﺎﻥ‬ ،‫ﻭﺍﻟﻜﺎﺫﺏ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺼﺤﻴﺢ‬ ‫ﻓﻴﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺒل‬ ،‫ﺼﺤﻴﺢ‬ ‫ﻜﻠﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻟﻴﺱ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﻨﻘل‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺨل‬ ‫ﺃﺸﺎﻋﻪ؛‬‫ﺍﻟﻔﺎﺴﻘﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﷲ‬ ‫ﺠﻌﻠﻪ‬ ‫ﻟﺫﺍ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻜﺫﺏ‬.‫ﻭ‬‫ﺼﺭﺡ‬ ‫ﻗﺩ‬‫ﺒﺫﻟﻙ‬‫ﺍﻟﻨﺒﻲ‬‫ﺒﻘﻭﻟﻪ‬ ‫ﻭﺴﻠﻡ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻴﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﷲ‬ ‫ﺼﻠﻰ‬:"‫ﻜﻔﻰ‬‫ﺴﻤﻊ‬ ‫ﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﺒﻜل‬ ‫ﻴﺤﺩﺙ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﻜﺫﺒﺎ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟﻤﺭﺀ‬")‫ﻤﺴﻠﻡ‬ ‫ﺼﺤﻴﺢ‬1/310:6(.‫ﻓﺎﻟﻤﺅ‬‫ﺍ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﷲ‬ ‫ﻋﻨﺩ‬ ‫ﻴﻜﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺫﺭ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻟﻪ‬ ‫ﻻﺒﺩ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬‫ﻟﻔﺎﺴﻘﻴﻥ‬)‫ﺍﻟﻜﺎﺫﺒﻴﻥ‬(،‫ﻭ‬‫ﻫﻲ‬‫ﺒـﺫﻟﻙ‬‫ﺍﻟﺫﻨﻭﺏ‬ ‫ﻜﺒﺎﺌﺭ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻋﻅﻴﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﻜﺒﻴﺭﺓ‬.‫ﻓﺎﻟﻌﺎﻗل‬‫ﻴﻘﺎل‬ ‫ﻴﺴﻤﻊ‬ ‫ﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﻜل‬ ‫ﻟﻴﺱ‬ ‫ﺃﻨﻪ‬ ‫ﻴﻌﻠﻡ‬.‫ﻭ‬ ‫ﻟﻺﺸـﺎﻋﺔ‬ ‫ﻴـﺼﻠﺢ‬ ‫ﻴﻌﻠﻡ‬ ‫ﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﻜل‬ ‫ﻭﻻ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﻟﻨـﺸﺭ‬.‫ﹰ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﺼﺤﻴﺤ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺨﺒﺭ‬ ‫ﻴﻜﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﻗﺩ‬ ‫ﺒل‬‫؛‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﻟﻜﻥ‬‫ﺭ‬‫ﻤ‬ ‫ﻜﻤﺎ‬ ،‫ﺃﺒﺩﺍ‬ ‫ﻨﺸﺭﻩ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﻤﺼﻠﺤﺔ‬ ‫ﻻ‬‫ﺍ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺸﻴﺦ‬ ‫ﻜﻼﻡ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬‫ﻟﺴﻌﺩﻱ‬.‫ﹰ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﺜﺎﻟﺜ‬-‫ﺍﻹﺸﺎﻋﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﻭﺍﻗﺏ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻔﻜﺭ‬:‫ﻤﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻭﻋﻭﺩﺓ‬‫ﺃﺨﺭﻯ‬‫ﻟﻶﻴﺔ‬،‫ﹰ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﺁﻨﻔ‬ ‫ﺫﻜﺭﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻲ‬‫ﺘﻌﺎﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﷲ‬ ‫ﻴﻘﻭل‬:}‫ِﻥ‬‫ﺇ‬ ‫ﹸـﻭﺍ‬‫ﻨ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ﺁ‬ ‫ﻥ‬‫ﻴ‬‫ﺫ‬‫ﱠ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﺍ‬ ‫ﺎ‬‫ﻬ‬‫ﻴ‬َ‫ﺃ‬ ‫ﺎ‬‫ﻴ‬‫ﻡ‬‫ﹸ‬‫ﺘ‬‫ﹾـ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ﻌ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻓ‬ ‫ـﺎ‬‫ﻤ‬ ‫ﹶـﻰ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ﻋ‬ ‫ﻭﺍ‬‫ﺤ‬‫ﹺ‬‫ﺒ‬‫ﺼ‬‫ﹸـ‬‫ﺘ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻓ‬ ‫ﺔ‬‫ﹶـ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﻬ‬‫ﺠ‬‫ﹺ‬‫ﺒ‬ ‫ﹰ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﻤـ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻗ‬ ‫ﻭﺍ‬‫ﺒ‬‫ﻴ‬‫ﺼ‬‫ﹸـ‬‫ﺘ‬ ‫َﻥ‬‫ﺃ‬ ‫ﹸـﻭﺍ‬‫ﻨ‬‫ﻴ‬‫ﺒ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﺘ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻓ‬ ٍ‫ﺄ‬‫ـ‬‫ﺒ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻨ‬‫ﹺ‬‫ﺒ‬ ‫ﹲ‬‫ﻕ‬‫ـ‬‫ﺴ‬‫ﹶﺎ‬‫ﻓ‬ ‫ﻡ‬‫ﹸ‬‫ﻜ‬‫ﺎﺀ‬‫ﺠ‬‫ﻥ‬‫ﻴ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ﺩ‬‫ﹶﺎ‬‫ﻨ‬{)‫ﺍﻟﺤ‬‫ﺠﺭﺍﺕ‬:6(‫ﺍﻹﺸﺎﻋﺔ‬ ‫ﻨﺘﺎﺌﺞ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺘﻔﻜﺭﺕ‬ ‫ﻫﻼ‬‫؟‬‫ﻋﻭﺍﻗﺒﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺘﺩﺒﺭﺕ‬ ‫ﻫﻼ‬‫؟‬.PDF created with pdfFactory trial version www.pdffactory.com
    • 27‫ﻓ‬،‫ﺨﺴﺎﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻜل‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﻭ‬ ‫ﻫﻡ‬ ‫ﻜل‬،‫ﺍﻟﻤﺴﻠﻡ‬ ‫ﺃﺨﺎﻙ‬ ‫ﺃﺼﺎﺏ‬ ‫ﻏﻡ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﻜل‬‫ﺍﻷ‬‫ﻤﻭﺍل‬‫ﺍﻟﺘﻲ‬‫ﺒـﺴﺒﺏ‬ ‫ﺃﻫـﺩﺭﺕ‬‫ﻨﺸﺭﺘﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻲ‬ ‫ﺇﺸﺎﻋﺘﻙ‬،‫ﺴﺎﻋﺩﺕ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬‫ﻓﻴﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺜﻡ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻨﺼﻴﺏ‬ ‫ﻓﻠﻙ‬ ‫ﻨﺸﺭﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬‫ﺍﻵﻴـﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﻜﺩﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﻫﺫﺍ‬ ،‫ﺘﻌﺎﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﻗﻭﻟﻪ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻜﺭﻴﻤﺔ‬:}‫ﻭﺍ‬‫ﺤ‬‫ﹺ‬‫ﺒ‬‫ﺼ‬‫ﹸ‬‫ﺘ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻓ‬‫ﻥ‬‫ﻴ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ﺩ‬‫ﹶﺎ‬‫ﻨ‬ ‫ﻡ‬‫ﹸ‬‫ﺘ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ﻌ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻓ‬ ‫ﺎ‬‫ﻤ‬ ‫ﹶﻰ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ﻋ‬{‫ﻤـﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﺜﺒـﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺤﻘﻕ‬ ‫ﻋﺩﻡ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺴﻴﺅﺩﻱ‬ ‫ﺫﻟﻙ‬ ‫ﻷﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺠﻭﻫﺭﻩ؛‬ ‫ﺤﻘﻴﻘﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻔﻜﺭ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﺨﺒﺭ‬ ‫ﺼﺤﺔ‬‫ﺒـﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻔـﺴﺎﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﺘﻨﺔ‬ ‫ﺇﺸﺎﻋﺔ‬‫ﺒﺈﺸـﺎﻋﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻨـﺎﺱ‬ ‫ﺃﺴﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﻟﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺫﻨﻭﺏ؛‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﻴﺌﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻓﺘﺭﺍﻜﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻵﺨﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺃﻤﺎ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﺩﻨﻴﺎ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﺘﻤﻊ‬ ‫ﺃﻓﺭﺍﺩ‬‫ﺍﻟﺴﻴﺌﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺨﺒﺎﺭ‬.‫ﹰ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﺭﺍﺒﻌ‬-‫ﺍﺘﺒﺎﻉ‬ ‫ﻋﺩﻡ‬‫ﺒﻪ‬ ‫ﻟﻺﻨﺴﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻡ‬ ‫ﻻ‬ ‫ﻤﺎ‬:‫ﺍﻟﺘﺩﺨل‬ ‫ﻋﺩﻡ‬ ‫ﻫﻭ‬ ‫ﻟﻶﺨﺭﻴﻥ؛‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺴﺎﺀﺓ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻭﻗﻭﻉ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﻨﺴﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺘﺤﺼﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻤﻭﺭ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬‫ﻓﻴﻤﺎ‬‫ﻤﺴﺌﻭل‬ ‫ﻓﻬﻭ‬ ‫ﻭﺒﺎﻟﺘﺎﻟﻲ‬ ،‫ﻭﻤﺼﺎﻟﺤﻬﻡ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻵﺨﺭﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻴﻀﺭ‬ ‫ﻴﻌﻠﻤﻪ؛‬ ‫ﻻ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺫﻱ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻤﺭ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺘﺩﺨﻠﻪ‬ ‫ﻷﻥ‬ ،‫ﻴﻌﻠﻡ‬ ‫ﻻ‬‫ﻗﻭﻟﻪ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﻋﺯﻭﺠل‬ ‫ﺃﻜﺩﻩ‬ ‫ﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﻫﺫﺍ‬ ،‫ﺴﻠﺒﻴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺫﻟﻙ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻴﺘﺭﺘﺏ‬ ‫ﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﻜل‬ ‫ﻋﻥ‬:}‫ﹶ‬‫ﻻ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﺱ‬‫ﻴ‬‫ﹶـ‬‫ﻟ‬ ‫ﺎ‬‫ﻤ‬ ‫ﹸ‬‫ﻑ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻘ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﺘ‬‫ﹰ‬‫ﻻ‬‫ُﻭ‬‫ﺅ‬‫ﺴ‬‫ﻤ‬ ‫ﻪ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻨ‬‫ﻋ‬ ‫ﻥ‬‫ﹶﺎ‬‫ﻜ‬ ‫ﻙ‬ِ‫ﺌ‬‫ُﻭﻟـ‬‫ﺃ‬ ‫ﱡ‬‫ل‬‫ﹸ‬‫ﻜ‬ ‫ﺩ‬‫َﺍ‬‫ﺅ‬‫ﹸ‬‫ﻔ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﻭ‬ ‫ﺭ‬‫ﺼ‬‫ﺒ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﻭ‬ ‫ﻊ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ﺴ‬‫ﺍﻟ‬ ‫ﻥ‬ِ‫ﺇ‬ ‫ﻡ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ﻋ‬ ‫ﻪ‬‫ﹺ‬‫ﺒ‬ ‫ﻙ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻟ‬{)‫ﺍﻹﺴﺭﺍﺀ‬:36(.‫ﹰ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﺨﺎﻤﺴ‬-‫ﺍﻟﻜﺎﻓﺭﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺴﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻓﻬﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻅﻥ‬ ‫ﱢﺒﺎﻉ‬‫ﺘ‬‫ﺍ‬ ‫ﻋﺩﻡ‬:‫ﺇﻥ‬‫ﻟﻠﻅﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﺘﺒﺎﻉ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺸﺎﻋﺔ‬ ‫ﺘﺼﺩﻴﻕ‬،‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﻜﻤﺎ‬‫ﻗ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﻪ‬‫ﺘﻌﺎﻟﻰ‬:}‫ﹴ‬‫ﻡ‬‫ﹾـ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ﻋ‬ ‫ﻥ‬‫ـ‬‫ﻤ‬ ‫ﻪ‬‫ﹺـ‬‫ﺒ‬ ‫ﻡ‬‫ﻬ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻟ‬ ‫ﺎ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ِﻥ‬‫ﺇ‬‫ﹰ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﺌ‬‫ﻴ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﺸ‬ ‫ﱢ‬‫ﻕ‬‫ﺤ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﺍ‬ ‫ﻥ‬‫ﻤ‬ ‫ﻲ‬‫ﻨ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻐ‬‫ﻴ‬ ‫ﹶﺎ‬‫ﻟ‬ ‫ﻥ‬‫ﱠ‬‫ﻅ‬‫ﺍﻟ‬ ‫ﻥ‬ِ‫ﺇ‬‫ﻭ‬ ‫ﻥ‬‫ﱠ‬‫ﻅ‬‫ﺍﻟ‬ ‫ﱠﺎ‬‫ﻟ‬ِ‫ﺇ‬ ‫ﻥ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﻌ‬‫ﹺ‬‫ﺒ‬‫ﱠ‬‫ﺘ‬‫ﻴ‬{)‫ﺍﻟﻨﺠﻡ‬:28(،‫ﻅـﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺸﺎﻋﺔ‬ ‫ﺘﺼﺩﻴﻕ‬ ‫ﻭﻓﻲ‬‫ﺘﻌﺎﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﻗﺎل‬ ‫ﻋﻨﻪ‬ ‫ﻤﻨﻬﻲ‬ ‫ﻭﻫﻭ‬ ‫ﺒﻪ‬ ‫ﺃﻟﺼﻘﺕ‬ ‫ﺒﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺴﻴﺊ‬:}‫ﻥ‬‫ﱠ‬‫ﻅ‬‫ﺍﻟ‬ ‫ﻥ‬‫ﻤ‬ ‫ﹰ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﻴﺭ‬‫ﺜ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻜ‬ ‫ﻭﺍ‬‫ﺒ‬‫ﻨ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﺘ‬‫ﺠ‬‫ﺍ‬ ‫ﹸﻭﺍ‬‫ﻨ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ﺁ‬ ‫ﻥ‬‫ﻴ‬‫ﺫ‬‫ﱠ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﺍ‬ ‫ﺎ‬‫ﻬ‬‫ﻴ‬َ‫ﺃ‬ ‫ﺎ‬‫ﻴ‬‫ﻡ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﺜ‬ِ‫ﺇ‬ ‫ﻥ‬‫ﱠ‬‫ﻅ‬‫ﺍﻟ‬ ‫ﺽ‬‫ﻌ‬‫ﺒ‬ ‫ﻥ‬ِ‫ﺇ‬{)‫ﺍﻟﺤﺠﺭﺍﺕ‬:12(،‫ﻭ‬‫ﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺫﻱ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﻓﻙ‬ ‫ﺤﺎﺩﺙ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﻭﻗﺎل‬‫ﻋﺒـﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻨﺎﻓﻘﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺯﻋﻴﻡ‬ ‫ﺠﻪ‬‫ﻋﻨﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﷲ‬ ‫ﺭﻀﻲ‬ ‫ـ‬ ‫ﻋﺎﺌﺸﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺅﻤﻨﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺃﻡ‬ ‫ﻀﺩ‬ ‫ﻤﻌﻪ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺴﻠﻭل‬ ‫ﺒﻥ‬ ‫ﺃﺒﻲ‬ ‫ﺒﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﷲ‬:}‫ﻭﻩ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ﹸ‬‫ﺘ‬‫ﻌ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ﺴ‬ ‫ﹾ‬‫ﺫ‬ِ‫ﺇ‬ ‫ﹶﺎ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﻥ‬‫ﹺﻴ‬‫ﺒ‬‫ﻤ‬ ‫ﻙ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻓ‬ِ‫ﺇ‬ ‫ﺫﺍ‬‫ﻫ‬ ‫ﹸﻭﺍ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﹶﺎ‬‫ﻗ‬‫ﻭ‬ ‫ﺍ‬‫ﺭ‬‫ﻴ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﺨ‬ ‫ﻡ‬‫ﹺ‬‫ﻬ‬‫ﺴ‬‫ﹸ‬‫ﻔ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻨ‬َ‫ﺄ‬‫ﹺ‬‫ﺒ‬ ‫ﹸ‬‫ﺕ‬‫ﹶﺎ‬‫ﻨ‬‫ﻤ‬ْ‫ﺅ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﻭ‬ ‫ﻥ‬‫ﹸﻭ‬‫ﻨ‬‫ﻤ‬ْ‫ﺅ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﺍ‬ ‫ﻥ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻅ‬{)‫ﺍﻟﻨﻭ‬‫ﺭ‬:12(.‫ﹰ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﺴﺎﺩﺴ‬-‫ﺍﻹﺸﺎﻋﺔ‬ ‫ﺘﺭﺩﻴﺩ‬ ‫ﻋﺩﻡ‬‫ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺱ‬ ‫ﺒﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﻨﺎﻗﻠﻬﺎ‬:‫ﻴﺠﺏ‬‫ﺤﺼﺭ‬‫ﺍﻹﺸﺎﻋﺔ‬،‫ﻨـﺸﺭﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﻋﻠـﻰ‬ ‫ﻴـﺴﺎﻋﺩﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻴﻜﺜﺭ‬ ‫ﻻ‬ ‫ﺤﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺩﻭﺩ‬ ‫ﺃﻀﻴﻕ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬‫ﺫﻟﻙ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﻴﺴﺎﻋﺩ‬:‫ﺍﻹﻓﻙ‬ ‫ﺤﺎﺩﺙ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺘﻌﺎﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﻗﺎل‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﺒﺎﻁل‬ ‫ﻨﻘل‬ ‫ﻋﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻨﺯﻩ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻅﻥ‬ ‫ﻥ‬‫ﺴ‬‫ﺤ‬‫ﺒ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﺩﺭﺓ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ﺍﻟ‬}‫ﹸ‬‫ﻜ‬‫ﻴ‬ ‫ﺎ‬‫ﻤ‬ ‫ﻡ‬‫ﹸ‬‫ﺘ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ﹸ‬‫ﻗ‬ ‫ﻭﻩ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ﹸ‬‫ﺘ‬‫ﻌ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ﺴ‬ ‫ﹾ‬‫ﺫ‬ِ‫ﺇ‬ ‫ﻻ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﻴﻡ‬‫ﻅ‬‫ﻋ‬ ‫ﻥ‬‫ﹶﺎ‬‫ﺘ‬‫ﻬ‬‫ﺒ‬ ‫ﹶﺍ‬‫ﺫ‬‫ﻫ‬ ‫ﻙ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻨ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﺤ‬‫ﺒ‬‫ﺴ‬ ‫ﹶﺍ‬‫ﺫ‬‫ﻬ‬‫ﹺ‬‫ﺒ‬ ‫ﻡ‬‫ﱠ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻜ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﺘ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻨ‬ ‫ﻥ‬َ‫ﺃ‬ ‫ﹾﺎ‬‫ﻨ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻟ‬ ‫ﻥ‬‫ﻭ‬{)‫ﺍﻟﻨـﻭﺭ‬:16(،‫ﺍﻟﻤﻁﻬﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﺒﻭﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﹼﺔ‬‫ﻨ‬‫ﺒﺎﻟﺴ‬ ‫ﺠﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﻜﺫﻟﻙ‬:"‫ﻊ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ﺴ‬ ‫ﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﺒﻜل‬ ‫ﺙ‬‫ﺩ‬‫ﺤ‬‫ﻴ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﺎ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ﺇﺜ‬ ‫ﺭﺀ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ﺒﺎﻟ‬ ‫ﻜﻔﻰ‬"‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺨﻭﻑ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻔﺎﺤﺸﺔ‬ ‫ﺇﺸﺎﻋﺔ‬‫ﺘﻌﺎﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺒﻘﻭﻟﻪ‬:}‫ﺇ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﺸ‬‫ﺤ‬‫ﹶﺎ‬‫ﻔ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﺍ‬ ‫ﻊ‬‫ﻴ‬‫ﺸ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﺘ‬ ‫ﻥ‬َ‫ﺃ‬ ‫ﻥ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﺒ‬‫ﺤ‬‫ﻴ‬ ‫ﻥ‬‫ﻴ‬‫ﺫ‬‫ﱠ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﺍ‬ ‫ﻥ‬ِ‫ﺏ‬‫ﹶﺍ‬‫ﺫ‬‫ﻋ‬ ‫ﻡ‬‫ﻬ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻟ‬ ‫ﹸﻭﺍ‬‫ﻨ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ﺁ‬ ‫ﻥ‬‫ﻴ‬‫ﺫ‬‫ﱠ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﺍ‬ ‫ﻲ‬‫ﻓ‬ ‫ﹸ‬‫ﺔ‬‫ﺓ‬‫ﺭ‬‫ﺨ‬‫ﻭﺍﻵ‬ ‫ﺎ‬‫ﻴ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻨ‬‫ﺩ‬‫ﺍﻟ‬ ‫ﻲ‬‫ﻓ‬ ‫ﻡ‬‫ِﻴ‬‫ﻟ‬َ‫ﺃ‬{)‫ﺍﻟﻨﻭﺭ‬:19(.PDF created with pdfFactory trial version www.pdffactory.com
    • 28‫ﹰ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﺴﺎﺒﻌ‬-‫ﻟﻺﺸﺎﻋﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﻌﻠﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻘﺎﻭﻤﺔ‬:‫ﺍﻹﺸﺎﻋﺔ‬ ‫ﺘﻘﺎﻭﻡ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﻴﺠﺏ‬‫ﻜﺎﻟﺒﻼﻏـﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺌﻭﻟﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﻬﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺒﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺘﻘﻭﻡ‬ ،‫ﺇﻴﺠﺎﺒﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﻤﻠﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺒﻁﺭﻴﻘﺔ‬‫ﻜ‬ ،‫ﻟﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺭﻭﺠﻴﻥ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ﺍﻟ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﻌﺎﻗﺒﺔ‬ ،‫ﱢﺩﻫﺎ‬‫ﻨ‬‫ﺘﻔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻲ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻨﺎﺕ‬‫ﺘﻌﺎﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﻗﺎل‬ ‫ﻤﺎ‬:}‫ﻥ‬‫ﻴ‬‫ﺫ‬‫ﱠ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﻭﺍ‬ ‫ﻥ‬‫ﹸﻭ‬‫ﻘ‬‫ﻓ‬‫ﹶﺎ‬‫ﻨ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﺍ‬ ‫ﹶﻪ‬‫ﺘ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻨ‬‫ﻴ‬ ‫ﻡ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻟ‬ ‫ﻥ‬ِ‫ﺌ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﹰـﺎ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ﻴ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻗ‬ ‫ﱠـﺎ‬‫ﻟ‬ِ‫ﺇ‬ ‫ـﺎ‬‫ﻬ‬‫ﻴ‬‫ﻓ‬ ‫ﻙ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻨ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﺭ‬‫ﹺ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﺠ‬‫ﻴ‬ ‫ﻻ‬ ‫ﻡ‬‫ﹸ‬‫ﺜ‬ ‫ﻡ‬‫ﹺ‬‫ﻬ‬‫ﹺ‬‫ﺒ‬ ‫ﻙ‬‫ﱠ‬‫ﻨ‬‫ﹺﻴ‬‫ﺭ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻐ‬‫ﹸ‬‫ﻨ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻟ‬ ‫ﺔ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻨ‬‫ﻴ‬‫ﺩ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﺍ‬ ‫ﻲ‬‫ﻓ‬ ‫ﻥ‬‫ﹸﻭ‬‫ﻔ‬‫ﹺ‬‫ﺠ‬‫ﺭ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﻭ‬ ‫ﺽ‬‫ﺭ‬‫ﻤ‬ ‫ﻡ‬‫ﹺ‬‫ﻬ‬‫ﹺ‬‫ﺒ‬‫ﹸﻭ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ﹸ‬‫ﻗ‬ ‫ﻲ‬‫ﻓ‬.‫ﹰ‬‫ﻼ‬‫ﻴ‬‫ﺘ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻘ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﺘ‬ ‫ﻭﺍ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ﱡ‬‫ﺘ‬‫ﹸ‬‫ﻗ‬‫ﻭ‬ ‫ﹸﻭﺍ‬‫ﺫ‬‫ﺨ‬ُ‫ﺃ‬ ‫ﹸﻭﺍ‬‫ﻔ‬‫ﻘ‬‫ﹸ‬‫ﺜ‬ ‫ﺎ‬‫ﻤ‬ ‫ﻥ‬‫ﻴ‬َ‫ﺃ‬ ‫ﻥ‬‫ﻴ‬‫ﻨ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﻌ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ﻤ‬{)‫ﺍﻷﺤـﺯﺍﺏ‬:60-61(‫ﻤـﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺭﺴـﻭل‬ ‫ﺃﺨﺭﺠﻬﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﻗﺩ‬‫ﻭﺫﻟﻙ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻭﺴﺎﺌل‬ ‫ﺒﺸﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺴﻠﻤﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺇﻴﺫﺍﺀ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻻﺴﺘﻤﺭﺍﺭﻫﻡ‬ ‫ﻗﺎﺘﻠﻬﻡ‬ ‫ﺜﻡ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻤﺩﻴﻨﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺃﺒﻌﺩﻫﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺠﺩ‬‫ﹶﺔ‬‫ﻅ‬‫ﻴ‬‫ﺭ‬‫ﹸ‬‫ﻗ‬ ‫ﻭﺒﻨﻲ‬ ،‫ﻴﺭ‬‫ﻀ‬‫ﱠ‬‫ﻨ‬‫ﺍﻟ‬ ‫ﻭﺒﻨﻲ‬ ‫ﹶﺎﻉ‬‫ﻘ‬‫ﹸ‬‫ﻨ‬‫ﻴ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻗ‬ ‫ﺒﻨﻲ‬ ‫ﻏﺯﻭﺓ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬.‫ﻴﺘﻬﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺫﻱ‬ ‫ﹾﻑ‬‫ﺫ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻘ‬‫ﺍﻟ‬ ‫ﺤﺩ‬ ‫ﻭﻫﻲ‬ ،‫ﺒﺎﻷﻋﺭﺍﺽ‬ ‫ﺘﺘﻌﻠﻕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻲ‬ ‫ﻟﻺﺸﺎﻋﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﻘﻭﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺴﻼﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﻀﻊ‬ ‫ﻭﻗﺩ‬‫ﻓ‬‫ﺘﻌﺎﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﻗﺎل‬ ،‫ﺒﺎﻟﻔﺎﺤﺸﺔ‬ ‫ﺭﺁﺀ‬‫ﺒ‬‫ﺍﻟ‬ ‫ﻴﻪ‬:}‫ﺍﺀ‬‫ﺩ‬‫ﻬ‬‫ﹸـ‬‫ﺸ‬ ‫ﺔ‬‫ـ‬‫ﻌ‬‫ﺒ‬‫ﺭ‬َ‫ﺄ‬‫ﹺ‬‫ﺒ‬ ‫ﹸﻭﺍ‬‫ﺘ‬ْ‫ﺄ‬‫ـ‬‫ﻴ‬ ‫ﻡ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻟ‬ ‫ﻡ‬‫ﹸ‬‫ﺜ‬ ‫ﺕ‬‫ﹶﺎ‬‫ﻨ‬‫ﺼ‬‫ﺤ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﺍ‬ ‫ﻥ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ﺭ‬‫ﻴ‬ ‫ﻥ‬‫ﻴ‬‫ﺫ‬‫ﱠ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﻥ‬‫ﹸﻭ‬‫ﻘ‬‫ﺴ‬‫ﹶﺎ‬‫ﻔ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﺍ‬ ‫ﻡ‬‫ﻫ‬ ‫ﻙ‬ِ‫ﺌ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ُﻭ‬‫ﺃ‬‫ﻭ‬ ‫ﺍ‬‫ﺩ‬‫ﺒ‬َ‫ﺃ‬ ‫ﹰ‬‫ﺓ‬‫ﺩ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﻬ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﺸ‬ ‫ﻡ‬‫ﻬ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻟ‬ ‫ﹸﻭﺍ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ﺒ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻘ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﺘ‬ ‫ﻻ‬‫ﻭ‬ ‫ﹰ‬‫ﺓ‬‫ﺩ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ﺠ‬ ‫ﻥ‬‫ﻴ‬‫ﻨ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﺜ‬ ‫ﻡ‬‫ﻫ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﺩ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ﺠ‬‫ﹶﺎ‬‫ﻓ‬{)‫ﺍﻟﻨﻭﺭ‬:4(.‫ﺍﻟﻨﺒﻲ‬ ‫ﺩ‬‫ﺤ‬ ‫ﻭﻗﺩ‬‫ﻋﻠ‬ ‫ﺍﷲ‬ ‫ﺼﻠﻰ‬‫ﻭﺴﻠﻡ‬ ‫ﻴﻪ‬‫ﻋﻤـﺭ‬ ‫ﺩ‬‫ﻭﺤ‬ ،‫ﻋﺎﺌﺸﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﻴﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﻓﻙ‬ ‫ﺃﺸﺎﻋﻭﺍ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬‫ﺒﺔ‬‫ﻌ‬‫ﹸ‬‫ﺸ‬ ‫ﺒﻥ‬ ‫ﻐﻴﺭﺓ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ﺍﻟ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺯﻨﺎ‬ ‫ﺃﺸﺎﻋﻭﺍ‬ ‫ﺜﻼﺜﺔ‬ ‫ـ‬ ‫ﻋﻨﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﷲ‬ ‫ﺭﻀﻲ‬ ‫ـ‬.‫ﹰ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﺜﺎﻤﻨ‬-‫ﺍﻟﻜﺫﺏ‬ ‫ﺴﻤﺎﻉ‬ ‫ﺘﺠﻨﺏ‬:‫ﻴﻜـﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺨﺒﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﻩ‬ ‫ﻴﻨﻘل‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺫﻱ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻜﺎﺫﺒﺔ؛‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺨﺒﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻗﺎﺌﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﺎﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﺒﺼﻔﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺸﺎﻋﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺇﻥ‬‫ﻭﺠل‬ ‫ﻋﺯ‬ ‫ﻭﺼﻔﻬﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺫﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬‫ﺒ‬‫ﺍﻟﻴﻬﻭﺩ‬ ‫ﺼﻔﺎﺕ‬‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﻜﻤﺎ‬‫ﺘﻌﺎﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﻗﻭﻟﻪ‬:}‫ﻥ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﻋ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ـ‬‫ﺴ‬ ‫ﹾ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﺩ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﻫ‬ ‫ﻥ‬‫ﻴ‬‫ﺫ‬‫ﱠ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﺍ‬ ‫ﻥ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﻪ‬‫ﻌ‬‫ﻀ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﻤ‬ ‫ﺩ‬‫ﻌ‬‫ﺒ‬ ‫ﻥ‬‫ﻤ‬ ‫ﻡ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻜ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﺍ‬ ‫ﻥ‬‫ﹸﻭ‬‫ﻓ‬‫ﺭ‬‫ﺤ‬‫ﻴ‬ ‫ﻙ‬‫ﹸﻭ‬‫ﺘ‬ْ‫ﺄ‬‫ﻴ‬ ‫ﻡ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻟ‬ ‫ﻥ‬‫ﹺﻴ‬‫ﺭ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﺨ‬‫ﺁ‬ ‫ﹴ‬‫ﻡ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻘ‬ِ‫ﻟ‬ ‫ﻥ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﻋ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ﺴ‬ ‫ﹺ‬‫ﺏ‬‫ﺫ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻜ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻠ‬ِ‫ﻟ‬{)‫ﺍﻟﻤﺎﺌﺩﺓ‬:41(.‫ﺠﺒﻬﺘﻬـﺎ‬ ‫ﻟﺤﻤﺎﻴـﺔ‬ ‫ﺒﻬـﺎ‬ ‫ﺘﺄﺨـﺫ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻴﺠﺏ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻭﺴﺎﺌل‬ ‫ﺃﻫﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﻥ‬‫ﺍﻟﺩﺍﺨﻠﻴـﺔ‬‫ﻭﺍﻟﺨﺎﺭﺠﻴﺔ‬‫ﺍ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺭﺏ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬‫ﺒﺄﺴﺎ‬ ‫ﻟﻨﻔﺴﻴﺔ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﺨﺘﻠﻔﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻴﺒﻬﺎ‬‫ﻴﻠﻲ‬ ‫ﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ؛‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺩﻭ‬ ‫ﻴﺸﻨﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻲ‬:1.‫ﺍﻟﻌﻘﻴﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﻭﻗﻭﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﻴﻤﺎﻥ‬:‫ﻭﺫﻟﻙ‬‫ﻻ‬ ‫ﺍﻟـﺫﻱ‬ ‫ﺒـﺎﷲ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﻴﻤـﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻋﻠـﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﺎﺌﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺭﺍﺴﺨﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻘﻴﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﻷﻥ‬،‫ﺍﻟﻨﻔـﺴﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤـﺭﺏ‬ ‫ﻀـﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﺎﻫﺩ‬ ‫ﻟﺘﺤﺼﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻨﻴﻊ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻌﺎﻤل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﻭﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺭﻜﻴﺯﺓ‬ ‫ﻫﻲ‬ ‫ﻴﺘﺯﻋﺯﻉ؛‬‫ﺘ‬ ‫ﻻ‬ ‫ﻭﺤﺩﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺭﺏ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺴﻜﺭﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﺎﻟﺘﻌﺒﺌﺔ‬‫ﻷﻥ‬ ،‫ﻜﻔﻲ‬‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﻴﺤﺘﺎﺝ‬ ‫ﻭﺇﻨﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﻨﻔﺴﻪ‬ ‫ﻴﺤﻤل‬ ‫ﻻ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﻼﺡ‬‫ﺍﻟﺫﻱ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﻴﻤﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺘﺤﺘﺎﺝ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻹﺭﺍﺩﺓ‬ ،‫ﺘﺤﺭﻜﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺭﺍﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺘﺤﺘﺎﺝ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻴﺩ‬ ،‫ﺘﺴﺘﻌﻤﻠﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻴﺩ‬‫ﻴﺩﻓﻌﻬﺎ‬،‫ﺍﻟﻨﺼﺭ‬ ‫ﺘﺤﻘﻴﻕ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻘﻴﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﻭﻗﻭﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﻴﻤﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺃﻫﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺘﺒﺩﻭﺍ‬ ‫ﻭﻫﻜﺫﺍ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟـﻨﻔﺱ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻤـﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﺇﻥ‬ ‫ﺒل‬‫ﺍ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺭﺏ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻴﺘﻔﻘﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﻔﺴﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺭﺏ‬ ‫ﻭﺨﺒﺭﺍﺀ‬‫ﺍﻟﺠﻨـﻭﺩ‬ ‫ﻋﻠـﻰ‬ ‫ﺃﻜﺜﺭ‬ ‫ﺒﻔﺎﻋﻠﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺘﺅﺜﺭ‬ ‫ﻟﻨﻔﺴﻴﺔ‬‫ﻜـﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻟـﺫﻟﻙ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻤﺜﻘﻔـﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﻏﻴﺭ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻀﻴﻕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﻴﺎﺴﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻭﻋﻲ‬ ‫ﻭﺫﻭﻱ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﺜﺎﺒﺘﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻘﺎﺌﺩ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺨﺎﻟﻴﻥ‬‫ﺃﺴﺎﻟﻴﺒﻬﻡ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺘﺘﺤﻁﻡ‬ ‫ﺼﺨﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻟﻸﻋﺩﺍﺀ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟﻨﺴﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﻜﺎﻥ‬ ،‫ﻴﻬﺩﻴﻬﻡ‬ ‫ﹰ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﻨﻭﺭ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻤﺴﻠﻤﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟﻨﺴﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﻴﻤﺎﻥ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﺴﻠﻤﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﻌﻨﻭﻴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻨﻴل‬ ‫ﻭﻤﺤﺎﻭﻻﺘﻬﻡ‬.PDF created with pdfFactory trial version www.pdffactory.com
    • 292.‫ﺒﺄﻫﺩﺍﻑ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻭﻋﻲ‬‫ﺍﻟﻨﻔﺴﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺭﺏ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﻭﺃﺴﺎﻟﻴﺒﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺩﻭ‬:‫ﻴﺤﺼﻥ‬ ‫ﺫﻟﻙ‬ ‫ﻷﻥ‬‫ﺁﺜـﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﻀﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻘﺎﺘل‬‫ﺒﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﺄﺜﺭ‬ ‫ﻟﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﻋﺩﻡ‬ ،‫ﺍﻷﺴﺎﻟﻴﺏ‬ ‫ﺘﻠﻙ‬ ‫ﻟﻤﻭﺍﺠﻬﺔ‬ ‫ﹰ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﻤﺴﺘﻌﺩ‬ ‫ﻭﻴﺠﻌﻠﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺭﺏ؛‬.‫ﺴﺒﻕ‬ ‫ﻭﻗﺩ‬‫ﺤـﺫﺭ‬ ‫ﻋﻠـﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺴﻠﻤﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﻟﻴﻜﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﻔﺴﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺭﺏ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺩﻭ‬ ‫ﺃﺴﺎﻟﻴﺏ‬ ‫ﻓﻀﺢ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻜﺭﻴﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﺭﺁﻥ‬‫ﺍﷲ‬ ‫ﻭﻋﺩ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻨﺎﻓﻘﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻜﺘﺸﻜﻴﻙ‬ ،‫ﻤﻨﻬﺎ‬‫ﻜﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻤﺅﻤﻨﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﻨﺼﺭﻩ‬‫ﻗﻭ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﻪ‬‫ﺘﻌـﺎﻟﻰ‬:}ُ‫ل‬‫ﹸـﻭ‬‫ﻘ‬‫ﻴ‬ ‫ﹾ‬‫ﺫ‬ِ‫ﺇ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﻭﺭﺍ‬‫ﺭ‬‫ﹸ‬‫ﻏ‬ ‫ﱠﺎ‬‫ﻟ‬ِ‫ﺇ‬ ‫ﻪ‬‫ﹸ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﺴ‬‫ﺭ‬‫ﻭ‬ ‫ﻪ‬‫ﱠ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ﺍﻟ‬ ‫ﹶﺎ‬‫ﻨ‬‫ﺩ‬‫ﻋ‬‫ﻭ‬ ‫ﺎ‬‫ﻤ‬ ‫ﺽ‬‫ﺭ‬‫ﻤ‬ ‫ﻡ‬‫ﹺ‬‫ﻬ‬‫ﹺ‬‫ﺒ‬‫ﹸﻭ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ﹸ‬‫ﻗ‬ ‫ﻲ‬‫ﻓ‬ ‫ﻥ‬‫ﻴ‬‫ﺫ‬‫ﱠ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﻭ‬ ‫ﻥ‬‫ﹸﻭ‬‫ﻘ‬‫ﻓ‬‫ﹶﺎ‬‫ﻨ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﺍ‬ً{)‫ﺍﻷﺤﺯﺍﺏ‬:12(3.‫ﺍﻹﺸﺎﻋﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺘﺭﻭﻴﺞ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﻨﻊ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺴﺭﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﻜﺘﻤﺎﻥ‬:‫ﻴﻨﺒﻐﻲ‬ ‫ﺤﻴﺙ‬‫ﻋﻨـﺩ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺠﻴﺵ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﺴﺭﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﹶﻡ‬‫ﺘ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻜ‬‫ﹸ‬‫ﺘ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬‫ﺍﻟﻌ‬ ‫ﺃﻫل‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤـﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﻩ‬ ‫ﻤﻊ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻌﺎﻤل‬ ‫ﺒﻜﻴﻔﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺩﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﻷﻨﻬﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻤﺴﺌﻭﻟﻴﻥ؛‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﺎﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻠﻡ‬‫ﻭﻤـﺎ‬ ،‫ﻴﻘﺎل‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﻴﺼﻠﺢ‬‫ﺘﻌـﺎﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﻗﺎل‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﺤﺴﺎﺴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻅﺭﻭﻑ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺨﺎﺼﺔ‬ ‫ﻴﻘﺎل‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﻴﺼﻠﺢ‬ ‫ﻻ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﺎ‬:}‫ﹶﺍ‬‫ﺫ‬ِ‫ﺇ‬‫ﻭ‬ُ‫ﺃ‬ ‫ﹶﻰ‬‫ﻟ‬ِ‫ﺇ‬‫ﻭ‬ ِ‫ل‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﺴ‬‫ﺭ‬‫ﺍﻟ‬ ‫ﹶﻰ‬‫ﻟ‬ِ‫ﺇ‬ ‫ﻩ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﺩ‬‫ﺭ‬ ‫ﻭ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﻭ‬ ‫ﻪ‬‫ﹺ‬‫ﺒ‬ ‫ﻭﺍ‬‫ﻋ‬‫ﹶﺍ‬‫ﺫ‬َ‫ﺃ‬ ‫ﻑ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﺨ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﺍ‬ ‫ﹺ‬‫ﻭ‬َ‫ﺃ‬ ‫ﹺ‬‫ﻥ‬‫ﻤ‬َ‫ﺄ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﺍ‬ ‫ﻥ‬‫ﻤ‬ ‫ﺭ‬‫ﻤ‬َ‫ﺃ‬ ‫ﻡ‬‫ﻫ‬‫ﺀ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﺠ‬‫ﻡ‬‫ﻬ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻨ‬‫ﻤ‬ ‫ﹺ‬‫ﺭ‬‫ﻤ‬َ‫ﺄ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﺍ‬ ‫ِﻲ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﻴﻼ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻗ‬ ‫ﱠﺎ‬‫ﻟ‬ِ‫ﺇ‬ ‫ﻥ‬‫ﹶﺎ‬‫ﻁ‬‫ﻴ‬‫ﱠ‬‫ﺸ‬‫ﺍﻟ‬ ‫ﻡ‬‫ﹸ‬‫ﺘ‬‫ﻌ‬‫ﺒ‬‫ﱠ‬‫ﺘ‬‫ﹶﺎ‬‫ﻟ‬ ‫ﻪ‬‫ﹸ‬‫ﺘ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ﺤ‬‫ﺭ‬‫ﻭ‬ ‫ﻡ‬‫ﹸ‬‫ﻜ‬‫ﻴ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ﻋ‬ ‫ﻪ‬‫ﱠ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ﺍﻟ‬ ُ‫ل‬‫ﻀ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻓ‬ ‫ﻻ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﻭ‬ ‫ﻡ‬‫ﻬ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻨ‬‫ﻤ‬ ‫ﻪ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻨ‬‫ﹸﻭ‬‫ﻁ‬‫ﹺ‬‫ﺒ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻨ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﺘ‬‫ﺴ‬‫ﻴ‬ ‫ﻥ‬‫ﻴ‬‫ﺫ‬‫ﱠ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﺍ‬ ‫ﻪ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ﻌ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻟ‬{)‫ﺍﻟﻨﺴﺎﺀ‬:83(.4.‫ﺍﻹﺸﺎﻋﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺘﺭﻭﺝ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺘﺘﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻘﻭﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺼﺩﻱ‬:‫ﺒﺎﻹﻋﺩﺍﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺴﻼﻡ‬ ‫ﺃﻤﺭ‬ ‫ﻓﺤﻴﻥ‬‫ﻟﺭﺩ‬‫ﺍﻟﻌـﺩﻭ‬ ‫ﻉ‬‫ﺍﻟﻴﻭﻡ‬ ‫ﻨﺴﻤﻴﻬﻡ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﻫﻡ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﺨﻔﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻀﺎﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﻭﻯ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﻋﺩﺍﺀ‬ ‫ﺒﺭﺩﻉ‬ ‫ﹰ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﺃﻴﻀ‬ ‫ﺃﻤﺭ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﺨﺎﺭﺠﻲ‬‫ﺍﻟﻌـﺩﻭ‬ ‫ﺨﻁـﺭ‬ ‫ﻤـﻥ‬ ‫ﺒﻜﺜﻴـﺭ‬ ‫ﺃﺨﻁﺭ‬ ‫ﻫﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺫﻴﻥ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻤﻨﺎﻓﻘﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻼﺀ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺨﺎﻤﺱ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟﻁﺎﺒﻭﺭ‬،‫ﺍﻟﻅﺎﻫﺭ‬‫ﻭﻴﻘﺘﻠـﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺸﺎﻋﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﻴﺭﻭﺠﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﺘﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﻴﺜﻴﺭﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻴﺤﻘﺩﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﻷﻨﻬﻡ‬‫ﺍﻹﺭﺍﺩﺓ‬‫ﻭﻟﺫ‬ ،‫ﺍﻹﻴﺠﺎﺒﻴﺔ‬،‫ﺘﺭﻭﻋﻬـﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﻭﺓ‬ ‫ﻭﺴﺎﺌل‬ ‫ﺇﻋﺩﺍﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﺃﻭﺠﺏ‬ ‫ﻤﻨﻬﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺴﻼﻡ‬ ‫ﺤﺫﺭ‬ ‫ﻟﻙ‬‫ﺘﻌﺎﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﻗﺎل‬:}‫ﻪ‬‫ﱠـ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ﺍﻟ‬ ‫ﻭ‬‫ﺩ‬‫ﻋ‬ ‫ﻪ‬‫ﹺ‬‫ﺒ‬ ‫ﻥ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﺒ‬‫ﻫ‬‫ﺭ‬‫ﹸ‬‫ﺘ‬ ِ‫ل‬‫ﻴ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﺨ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﺍ‬ ‫ﻁ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﺒ‬‫ﹺ‬‫ﺭ‬ ‫ﻥ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ﻭ‬ ‫ﺓ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﹸ‬‫ﻗ‬ ‫ﻥ‬‫ﻤ‬ ‫ﻡ‬‫ﹸ‬‫ﺘ‬‫ﻌ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻁ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﺘ‬‫ﺴ‬‫ﺍ‬ ‫ﺎ‬‫ﻤ‬ ‫ﻡ‬‫ﻬ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻟ‬ ‫ﻭﺍ‬‫ﺩ‬‫ﻋ‬َ‫ﺃ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﻴ‬ ‫ﻪ‬‫ﱠ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ﺍﻟ‬ ‫ﻡ‬‫ﻬ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻨ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ﻌ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﺘ‬ ‫ﻻ‬ ‫ﻡ‬‫ﹺ‬‫ﻬ‬‫ﻨ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﺩ‬ ‫ﻥ‬‫ﻤ‬ ‫ﻥ‬‫ﹺﻴ‬‫ﺭ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﺨ‬‫ﺁ‬‫ﻭ‬ ‫ﻡ‬‫ﹸ‬‫ﻜ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﺩ‬‫ﻋ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﻡ‬‫ﻬ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ﻌ‬{)‫ﺍﻷﻨﻔﺎل‬:60(.‫ﺍﻟﻨﺒﻲ‬ ‫ﻤﺎﺭﺴﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﻔﺴﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺭﺏ‬ ‫ﺼﻭﺭ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﻥ‬‫ﻭﺴـﻠﻡ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻴﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﷲ‬ ‫ﺼﻠﻰ‬‫ﺘﻠـﻙ‬ ‫ﻓـﻲ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﺭﻜﺔ‬،‫ﺍﻟﻌﺩﻭ‬ ‫ﻨﻔﺴﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺇﻀﻌﺎﻑ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻭﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟﺩﺭﺠﺔ‬ ‫ﺘﻬﺩﻑ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻲ‬،‫ﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﻫﺯﻴﻤﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻌﻤل‬‫ﻤﻨﻪ‬ ‫ﻜﺎﻥ‬‫ﻭﺴﻠﻡ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻴﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﷲ‬ ‫ﺼﻠﻰ‬‫ﹰ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﻗﺭﻴـﺸ‬ ‫ﺒﻬـﺎ‬ ‫ﻓﺄﺴﺘﻘﺒل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺼﺒﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺤﻔﻨﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﺨﺫ‬ ‫ﺤﻴﻥ‬‫ﻭﻗـﺎل‬:"‫ﺸ‬‫ﺍﻟﻭﺠﻭﻩ‬ ‫ﺎﻫﺕ‬")‫ﻤﺴﻠﻡ‬ ‫ﺼﺤﻴﺢ‬2/533:3328(،‫ﻤـﻥ‬ ‫ﻓﻤـﺎ‬ ،‫ﻭﺠﻭﻫﻬﻡ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺒﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﺭﻤﻰ‬‫ﺫﻟﻙ‬ ‫ﻭﻓﻲ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻘﺒﻀﺔ‬ ‫ﺘﻠﻙ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﻓﻤﻪ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﻨﺨﺭﻩ‬ ‫ﻋﻴﻨﻪ‬ ‫ﺃﺼﺎﺏ‬ ‫ﺇﻻ‬ ‫ﺃﺤﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺸﺭﻜﻴﻥ‬‫ﺘﻌﺎﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﻗﺎل‬:}‫ﺎ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﻰ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ﺭ‬ َ‫ﷲ‬‫ﺍ‬ ‫ﻥ‬‫ﻜ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﻭ‬ ‫ﹶ‬‫ﺕ‬‫ﻴ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ﺭ‬ ‫ﹾ‬‫ﺫ‬ِ‫ﺇ‬ ‫ﹶ‬‫ﺕ‬‫ﻴ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ﺭ‬{)‫ﺍﻷﻨﻔﺎل‬:17(،‫ﻭﻨﻔﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺭﻤﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﺒﺘﺩﺍﺀ‬ ‫ﻟﺭﺴﻭﻟﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﷲ‬ ‫ﺃﺜﺒﺕ‬ ‫ﻓﻘﺩ‬‫ﺍﻹﻴﺼ‬ ‫ﻋﻨﻪ‬‫ﻟ‬ ‫ﻓﺄﺜﺒـﺕ‬ ،‫ﻭﺍﻹﻴﺼﺎل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺫﻑ‬ ‫ﺒﻪ‬ ‫ﻴﺭﺍﺩ‬ ‫ﻓﺎﻟﺭﻤﻲ‬ ،‫ﺒﺭﻤﻴﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﻴﺤﺼل‬ ‫ﻟﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺫﻱ‬ ‫ﺎل‬‫ﻨﺒﻴـﻪ‬‫ﺍﻹﻴﺼﺎل‬ ‫ﻋﻨﻪ‬ ‫ﻭﻨﻔﻰ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﺤﺫﻑ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﻘـﺎﺘﻠﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺃﻜﺜـﺭ‬ ‫ﻭﺠﻭﻩ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﻨﻔﺫﺕ‬ ‫ﻗﺩ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟﺤﺼﺒﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﻔﺤﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﻬﺫﻩ‬ ،،‫ﺍﻟﻤـﺸﺭﻜﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﺜﻨﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﺤﺩ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺃﻜﺜﺭ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺘﺼل‬ ‫ﻜﺎﻨﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﷲ‬ ‫ﻭﻟﻭﻻ‬ ،‫ﺒﺎﻟﻬﺯﻴﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﺄﺼﺎﺒﺘﻬﻡ‬PDF created with pdfFactory trial version www.pdffactory.com
    • 30‫ﻭ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻴﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﷲ‬ ‫ﺼﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺭﺴﻭل‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﻓﻨﺠﺩ‬‫ﺍﻟـﺸﻜل‬ ‫ﺃﺨﺫﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻲ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻤﺎﺩﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺴﺒﺎﺏ‬ ‫ﺒﺄﺤﺩ‬ ‫ﺃﺨﺫ‬ ‫ﻗﺩ‬ ‫ﺴﻠﻡ‬‫ﺘﻬﻴﺌﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺭﺒﺎﻨﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻭﻓﻴﻕ‬ ‫ﻤﻊ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻤﻜﻥ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟﻘﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻷﺴﺒﺎﺏ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺨﺫ‬ ‫ﺒﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﺠﺘﻤﻊ‬ ‫ﺤﻴﺙ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻨﻭﻱ‬‫ﻭﺍﻟﻐﻴﺒﻴـﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺨﺎﺭﻗـﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺭﺒﺎﻨﻴـﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺄﻴﻴﺩﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﻊ‬ ‫ﻤﺘﻜﺎﻓﺌﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﺘﻌﺎﻭﻨﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﺼﺭ‬ ‫ﺃﺴﺒﺎﺏ‬ ‫ﺠﻤﻴﻊ‬)،‫ﻋﻠـﻲ‬Internet.(5‫ـ‬‫ﺒﺎﻟﺜﻘﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺸﻌﻭﺭ‬ ‫ﺘﻨﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻤل‬‫ﺒﺎﻟﻨﻔﺱ‬:‫ﻭﺒﺎﻟﻭﻁﻥ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﷲ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﻴﻤﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﻜﺫﻟﻙ‬.‫ﺒﺎﻟﻨﻔﺱ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺜﻘﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﺎﻥ‬‫ﻨﻀﺎﻟﻪ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﺴﺘﻤﺭﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺸﻌﺏ‬ ‫ﺼﻤﻭﺩ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻴﻘﻭﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﻭﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﻋﺎﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﺇﻨﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻜﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﻨﺠﺎﺡ؛‬ ‫ﻜل‬ ‫ﺃﺴﺎﺱ‬.‫ﺍﻻﻨﻬﺯﺍﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺒﺎﺩﺉ‬ ‫ﻟﺘﺴﺭﺏ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﺭﺼﺔ‬ ‫ﺘﺩﻉ‬ ‫ﻻ‬ ‫ﺤﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺨﻠﻘﻴﺔ؛‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﻴﻨﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﻴﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﻏﺭﺱ‬.6‫ﻭﺍﻟ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﺎﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﺒﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺼﺭﻴﺤﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻭﺩﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻼﻗﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺘﻨﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ـ‬‫ﻤﻘـﺎﺘﻠﻴﻥ‬:‫ﺍﻟﺩﻋﺎﻴـﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﻜﺎﻓﺤـﺔ‬ ‫ﺘﺴﻬل‬ ‫ﺤﺘﻰ‬‫ﺍﻟﻭﺤﺩﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﻋﻼﻡ‬ ‫ﺠﻤﺎﻋﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﺴﺘﻐﻼل‬ ،‫ﻟﻠﻌﺩﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺨﺭﻴﺒﻴﺔ‬‫؛‬‫ﻤﻬـ‬ ‫ﺘﻨﻔﻴﺫ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﺎﺌﺩ‬ ‫ﻟﻤﻌﺎﻭﻨﺔ‬‫ﺎﻡ‬‫ﻤﻨﺘﻘ‬ ‫ﺃﻓﺭﺍﺩ‬ ‫ﻭﻫﻡ‬ ،‫ﺍﻷﻓﺭﺍﺩ‬ ‫ﺘﻭﻋﻴﺔ‬‫ﻭﺍﻟـﺫﻜﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻜﻔﺎﺀﺓ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻋﺎﻟﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺠﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻘﺎﺘﻠﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺒﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻴﻥ‬‫ﻭﺍﻟﺸﺠﺎﻋﺔ‬،‫ﺯﻤﻼﺌﻬﻡ‬ ‫ﺒﺈﻋﺠﺎﺏ‬ ‫ﻭﻴﺤﻅﻭﻥ‬.7‫ـ‬‫ﻓﻌ‬ ‫ﺇﻴﺠﺎﺒﻲ‬ ‫ﺒﻌﻤل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﻴﺎﻡ‬‫ﺍﻟﻘﻭﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻭﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﻴﺩﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺎل‬:‫ﺒﺎﻻﺴﺘﻨﺎﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺴﻤﻭﻋﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺸﺎﻋﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﻔﻨﻴﺩ‬‫ﺴﻤﻭﻡ‬ ‫ﻀﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺸﻌﺏ‬ ‫ﺘﺤﺽ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻭﺍﻗﻌﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻠﻤﻭﺴﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺤﻘﺎﺌﻕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻨﻁﻘﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺒﺭﺍﻫﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺠﺞ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬‫ﻓـﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺤﺎﻀـﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﺇﻟﻘﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﺩﻭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺒﻌﻘﺩ‬ ‫ﻭﺫﻟﻙ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻋﺩﺍﺀ‬ ‫ﻴﺭﻭﺠﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻐﺭﻀﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺸﺎﻋﺎﺕ‬‫ﺍﻟﻘﻭﻤﻲ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻹﺭﺸﺎﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻭﻋﻴﺔ‬.8‫ـ‬‫ﻟﻤﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﻋﻭﺓ‬‫ﺍﻟﻴﺄﺱ‬ ‫ﻭﻋﺩﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺼﻤﻭﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻜﻔﺎﺡ‬ ‫ﺍﺼﻠﺔ‬:‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﻴﺠﺎﺒﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺎﻫﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺱ‬ ‫ﺤﺙ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﺭﻜﺔ‬،‫ﻓـﻲ‬ ‫ﺒﻤﻌﻭﻟﻪ‬ ‫ﻴﻀﺭﺏ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﻴﺴﺘﻁﻴﻊ‬ ‫ﻜل‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻔﻼﺡ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻤﻭﻅﻑ‬ ‫ﻓﺎﻟﻌﺎﻤل‬ ،‫ﻤﻭﻗﻌﻪ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﻜل‬‫ﺍﻹﻨﺘﺎﺝ‬،‫ﻋﻠ‬ ‫ﺸﻙ‬ ‫ﻭﻻ‬ ‫ﺃﺜﺭﻩ‬ ‫ﻴﺭﺘﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺫﻱ‬‫ﻓﺈ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﺨﻁ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺭﺍﺒﺽ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﻨﺩﻱ‬ ‫ﻰ‬‫ﻓـﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﻬـﺎﺩ‬ ‫ﻥ‬‫ﺍﻟﺠﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻋﻥ‬ ‫ﺸﺭﻓﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﻻ‬ ‫ﺃﻫﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻴﻘل‬ ‫ﻻ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﻨﺘﺎﺝ‬‫ﺍﻟﻘﺘﺎل‬ ‫ﺴﺎﺤﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺩ‬.9‫ﺍﻻ‬ ‫ـ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﺩﻨﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﻓﺎﻉ‬ ‫ﺃﺴﺎﻟﻴﺏ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﻜﺫﺍ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺴﻜﺭﻱ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟﺘﺩﺭﻴﺏ‬ ‫ﻫﺘﻤﺎﻡ‬:‫ﻷ‬‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﺸـﺎﻨﻪ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺩﺭﻴﺏ‬ ‫ﻥ‬‫ﺒﺎﻟﻨﻔﺱ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺜﻘﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻴﺒﻌﺙ‬،‫ﺒﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻻﻋﺘﺯﺍﺯ‬،‫ﺍﻟﺨﻁﺭ‬ ‫ﻤﻭﺍﺠﻬﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟﻘﺩﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺤﺴﺎﺱ‬ ‫ﻴﻘﻭﻱ‬ ‫ﻜﻤﺎ‬،‫ﺒﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻬﺯﻴﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺇﻟﺤﺎﻕ‬ ‫ﻤﻬﺎﺠﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺒﺎﺩﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺭﻭﺡ‬ ‫ﺘﺯﻜﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﻋﻠﻰ‬.10‫ـ‬‫ﺍﻟﻬﺠﻭﻤ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺭﻭﺡ‬ ‫ﺒﺙ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﻘﺎﺘﻠﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻟﺩﻯ‬ ‫ﻴﺔ‬:‫ﻭﺭﻭﺡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌـﺴﻜﺭﻱ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﻨـﻀﺒﺎﻁ‬ ‫ﻭﻜﺫﺍ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺩﺭﻴﺏ‬ ‫ﺃﺜﻨﺎﺀ‬‫ﻌ‬‫ﻓ‬ ‫ﻋﻭﺍﻤل‬ ‫ﻭﻫﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﺭﻴﻕ‬‫ﻟﻠﻌﺩﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺨﺭﻴﺒﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﻋﺎﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻤﻜﺎﻓﺤﺔ‬ ‫ﺎﻟﺔ‬.PDF created with pdfFactory trial version www.pdffactory.com
    • 31‫ﻨﺘﺎﺌﺞ‬‫ﻭﺘﻭﺼﻴﺎﺕ‬‫ﺍﻟﺩﺭﺍﺴﺔ‬:‫ﹰ‬‫ﻻ‬‫ﺃﻭ‬-‫ﺍﻟﻨﺘﺎﺌﺞ‬:‫ﻴﻠﻲ‬ ‫ﻓﻴﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﺃﺒﺭﺯﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﺘﻠﺨﻴﺹ‬ ‫ﻴﻤﻜﻥ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻨﺘﺎﺌﺞ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺠﻤﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﺭﺍﺴﺔ‬ ‫ﺘﻭﺼﻠﺕ‬:1-‫ﺍﻹﺸﺎﻋﺔ‬ ‫ﺨﻁﻭﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﺭﺍﺴﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﺒﺭﺯﺕ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﻭﻗـﺩﺭﺘﻬﺎ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﺠﻤـﺎﻫﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﻋﻭﺍﻁـﻑ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺘﺄﺜﻴﺭﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﺸﺩﺓ‬‫ﺍﻻﻨﺘﺸﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻜﺒﻴﺭﺓ‬‫ﺍﻟﺴﺭﻴﻊ‬.2-‫ﺇﻥ‬‫ﺍﻹﺸﺎﻋﺔ‬‫ﺘﺴﺘﺨﺩﻡ‬‫ﺍﻟـﺩﻟﻴل‬ ‫ﺒﻤﺜﺎﺒـﺔ‬ ‫ﻴﻜﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﻋﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﻤﻔﻬﻭﻡ‬ ‫ﻀﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﺭﺍﺘﻴﺠﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﺎل‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬‫ﺍﻟﻭﻀـﻊ‬ ‫ﻅـﺭﻭﻑ‬ ‫ﺘﻘﺘـﻀﻲ‬ ‫ﻜﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﺫﻟﻙ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻜﺘﻴﻜﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﺎل‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺘﺴﺘﺨﺩﻡ‬ ‫ﻜﻤﺎ‬ ،‫ﻻﺴﺘﺨﺩﺍﻤﻬﺎ‬‫ﻭ‬ ،‫ﻤﺤﺩﺩﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﻜﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺯﻤﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻭﻗﺎﺌﻊ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﻌﻁﻴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺭﺍﻫﻥ‬‫ﺍﻷﻫـﺩﺍﻑ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﺒﻠـﻎ‬ ‫ﻟﺘﺼﻴﺏ‬ ‫ﺫﻟﻙ‬‫ﺘﺨﻁﺌﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻓﻼ‬ ‫ﺒﺩﻗﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﺴﻭﻤﺔ‬.3-‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﺘﻤﻊ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺸﺎﻋﺔ‬ ‫ﺨﻁﺭ‬ ‫ﺇﻥ‬‫؛‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﺘﻤـﻊ‬ ‫ﻫـﺫﺍ‬ ‫ﻴﺘﻨـﺎﻭل‬ ‫ﻋﻨﺩﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﺨﻁﻭﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺃﻜﺜﺭ‬ ‫ﻴﻜﻭﻥ‬‫ﺒﺎﻷﻗﺎﻭﻴل‬‫ﻭﺍﻹﺸﺎﻋﺎﺕ‬‫؛‬‫ﻭﻤﺜﻠﻪ‬ ‫ﻭﻗﻴﻤﻪ‬ ‫ﻋﻘﻴﺩﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﻴﻤﺱ‬ ‫ﻤﺎ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﻭﺒﻨﻴﺎﻨﻪ‬ ‫ﺃﺴﺴﻪ‬.4-‫ﻭﺍﻨﺘﺸﺎﺭﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﺘﻤﻊ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺸﺎﻋﺔ‬ ‫ﺴﺭﻴﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺇﻥ‬‫؛‬‫ﺠﺴﺩ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﺨﺭ‬ ‫ﻴﻌﻨﻲ‬،‫ﻩ‬‫ﻓﻬـ‬ ‫ﺍﺴﺘﻤﺭ‬ ‫ﻓﺈﻥ‬‫ﺫﺍ‬‫ﻫﻼﻜﻪ؛‬ ‫ﻴﻌﻨﻲ‬‫ﺍﻟﻌﻘ‬ ‫ﺘﺩﺍﺭﻜﻪ‬ ‫ﻭﺇﻥ‬‫ﺍﻹﺴﻼﻡ‬ ‫ﺜﻐﻭﺭ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺜﻐﺭ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻓﻬﻡ‬ ‫ﻼﺀ‬.5-‫ﺇﻥ‬‫ﹰ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﺩﺍﺌﻤ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺸﺎﻋﺔ‬‫ﺘﺴﺘﻬﺩﻑ‬‫ﺍﻹﻨﺴﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻋﻘل‬،‫ﺠﺴﺩﻩ‬ ‫ﻭﻟﻴﺱ‬ ‫ﻭﻨﻔﺴﻪ‬ ‫ﻭﻗﻠﺒﻪ‬‫؛‬‫ﺃﻱ‬‫ﺇ‬‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺘﺘﺠﻪ‬ ‫ﻨﻬﺎ‬‫ﻤﻤﺘﻠﻜﺎﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﻻ‬ ‫ﻤﻌﻨﻭﻴﺎﺘﻪ‬،‫ﺍﻟﻔﻜﺭ‬ ‫ﺇﺸﺎﻋﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﺴﺘﻬﺩﻑ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺸﺨﺼﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻫﻭ‬ ‫ﻤﻴﺩﺍﻨﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺇﻥ‬ ‫ﺤﻴﺙ‬،‫ﻭﺍﻟﻌﻘﻴﺩﺓ‬،‫ﺍﻷﻋﺩﺍﺀ‬ ‫ﻤﻌﻨﻭﻴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻟﺘﺤﻁﻴﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺭﻭﺡ‬،‫ﺴﻭﺍﺀ‬‫ﺍﻟﺴﻭﺍﺀ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻋﺴﻜﺭﻴﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﻤﺩﻨﻴﻴﻥ‬.‫ﹰ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﺜﺎﻨﻴ‬-‫ﺍﻟﺘﻭﺼﻴﺎﺕ‬:1‫ﻨﺤﻜـﻡ‬ ‫ﻻ‬ ‫ﻭﺃﻥ‬ ،‫ﻤﻨـﻪ‬ ‫ﻴﻘﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻟﺴﻨﺎ‬ ‫ﹰ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﺃﻤﺭ‬ ‫ﻨﺩﻋﻲ‬ ‫ﻻ‬ ‫ﻭﺃﻥ‬ ،‫ﻨﺴﻤﻊ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﻨﻘﻭل‬ ‫ﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﺼﺤﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺄﻜﺩ‬ ‫ـ‬‫ﻤﺠـﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺤﻜﻤﻨﺎ‬ ‫ﻨﺒﻨﻲ‬ ‫ﻻ‬ ‫ﻭﺃﻥ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﺤﺎل‬ ‫ﺸﻭﺍﻫﺩ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﺭﺍﻋﺎﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﺤﺹ‬ ‫ﺒﻌﺩ‬ ‫ﺇﻻ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺘﺤﺩﺙ‬ ‫ﻗﻭل‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬‫ﺍﻟﻅﻥ‬.2‫ﺍﻟ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺼﺩﻕ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﺘﻤﻊ‬ ‫ﺃﻓﺭﺍﺩ‬ ‫ﺘﺭﺒﻴﺔ‬ ‫ـ‬‫ﻭﺍﻟﻐﻴﺒﺔ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﺜﺭﺜﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﺠﻨﺏ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻌﻤل‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻹﺨﻼﺹ‬ ،‫ﻘﻭل‬‫ﺘﻌﺎﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﻗﻭﻟﻪ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﻜﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﻕ‬ ‫ﺇﻅﻬﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻅﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﺘﺒﺎﻉ‬ ،‫ﻭﺍﻟﻨﻤﻴﻤﺔ‬:}‫ﻥ‬َ‫ﺇ‬ ‫ﹰ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﹼـ‬‫ﻨ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻅ‬ ‫ﱠ‬‫ﻻ‬ِ‫ﺇ‬ ‫ﻡ‬‫ﻫ‬‫ﺭ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﺜ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻜ‬َ‫ﺃ‬ ‫ﻊ‬‫ﹺ‬‫ﺒ‬‫ﱠ‬‫ﺘ‬‫ﻴ‬ ‫ﺎ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﻥ‬‫ﹸﻭ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ﻌ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻔ‬‫ﻴ‬ ‫ﺎ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ﹺ‬‫ﺒ‬ ‫ﻡ‬‫ﹶﻴ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ﻋ‬ ‫ﻪ‬‫ﹼ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ﺍﻟ‬ ‫ﻥ‬ِ‫ﺇ‬ ‫ﹰ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﺌ‬‫ﻴ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﺸ‬ ‫ﱢ‬‫ﻕ‬‫ﺤ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﺍ‬ ‫ﻥ‬‫ﻤ‬ ‫ﻲ‬‫ﻨ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻐ‬‫ﻴ‬ ‫ﹶ‬‫ﻻ‬ ‫ﻥ‬‫ﱠ‬‫ﻅ‬‫ﺍﻟ‬{)‫ﻴﻭﻨﺱ‬:36(3‫ﻻ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ـ‬‫ﺍﻟﻘﺎﺫﻑ‬ ‫ﻜﺠﻠﺩ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﺸﺭﻉ‬ ‫ﻴﻭﺠﺒﻪ‬ ‫ﺒﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﻴﺭﺩﺩﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻨﻌﺎﻗﺏ‬ ‫ﻭﺃﻥ‬ ،‫ﺍﻹﺸﺎﻋﺔ‬ ‫ﻨﺭﺩﺩ‬)‫ﻴـﺘﻬﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟـﺫﻱ‬‫ﺒﺎﻟﺯﻨﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺸﺭﻴﻔﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻔﻴﻔﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﺴﺎﺀ‬(‫ﺘﻌﺎﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﻗﺎل‬ ،‫ﹰ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﻓﺎﺴﻘ‬ ‫ﻴﻌﺘﺒﺭ‬ ‫ﻷﻨﻪ‬ ‫ﺸﻬﺎﺩﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﺘﻘﺒل‬ ‫ﻻ‬ ‫ﻭﺃﻥ‬:}‫ﻥ‬‫ﻴ‬‫ﺫ‬‫ﱠ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﺜ‬ ‫ﻡ‬‫ﻫ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﺩ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ﺠ‬‫ﹶﺎ‬‫ﻓ‬ ‫ﺍﺀ‬‫ﺩ‬‫ﻬ‬‫ﹸ‬‫ﺸ‬ ‫ﺔ‬‫ﻌ‬‫ﺒ‬‫ﺭ‬َ‫ﺄ‬‫ﹺ‬‫ﺒ‬ ‫ﹸﻭﺍ‬‫ﺘ‬ْ‫ﺄ‬‫ﻴ‬ ‫ﻡ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻟ‬ ‫ﻡ‬‫ﹸ‬‫ﺜ‬ ‫ﺕ‬‫ﹶﺎ‬‫ﻨ‬‫ﺼ‬‫ﺤ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﺍ‬ ‫ﻥ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ﺭ‬‫ﻴ‬‫ﹰ‬‫ﺓ‬‫ﺩ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﻬ‬‫ﹶـ‬‫ﺸ‬ ‫ﻡ‬‫ﻬ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻟ‬ ‫ﹸﻭﺍ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ﺒ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻘ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﺘ‬ ‫ﹶﺎ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﻭ‬ ‫ﹰ‬‫ﺓ‬‫ﺩ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ﺠ‬ ‫ﻥ‬‫ﻴ‬‫ﻨ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ﻥ‬‫ﹸﻭ‬‫ﻘ‬‫ﺴ‬‫ﹶﺎ‬‫ﻔ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﺍ‬ ‫ﻡ‬‫ﻫ‬ ‫ﻙ‬ِ‫ﺌ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﻭ‬ُ‫ﺃ‬‫ﻭ‬ ‫ﹰ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﺩ‬‫ﺒ‬َ‫ﺃ‬{)‫ﺍﻟﻨﻭﺭ‬:4.(PDF created with pdfFactory trial version www.pdffactory.com
    • 324‫ﺍﻟﻤﺘﺒﺎﺩﻟـﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺜﻘﺔ‬ ،‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻘﻭﻯ‬ ،‫ﺍﻹﻴﻤﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻗﺎﺌﻡ‬ ‫ﺘﻤﺎﺴﻙ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻤﺴﻠﻤﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺃﻓﺭﺍﺩ‬ ‫ﺒﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻤﺎﺴﻙ‬ ‫ـ‬،‫ﺍﻟﻭﺍﺤﺩ‬ ‫ﻜﺎﻟﺠﺴﺩ‬ ‫ﻤﺠﺘﻤﻊ‬ ،‫ﺒﻬﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺸﻤﺎﺘﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﺠﻨﺏ‬ ،‫ﺒﺎﻵﺨﺭﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻅﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺤﺴﻥ‬‫ﺒﺎﻹﺼـﻼﺡ‬ ‫ﺃﻓﺭﺍﺩﻩ‬ ‫ﻴﻘﻭﻡ‬‫ﺘﻌﺎﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﻗﺎل‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻤﻔﺴﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺸﺎﻋﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺘﺭﻭﻴﺞ‬ ‫ﻭﻋﺩﻡ‬:}‫ﻡ‬‫ﹸ‬‫ﻜ‬‫ﻴ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﹶـ‬‫ﺨ‬َ‫ﺃ‬ ‫ﻥ‬‫ﻴ‬‫ﺒ‬ ‫ﻭﺍ‬‫ﺤ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ﺼ‬َ‫ﺄ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻓ‬ ‫ﹲ‬‫ﺓ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﺨ‬ِ‫ﺇ‬ ‫ﻥ‬‫ﹸﻭ‬‫ﻨ‬‫ﻤ‬ْ‫ﺅ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﺍ‬ ‫ﺎ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ﱠ‬‫ﻨ‬ِ‫ﺇ‬‫ﻥ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ﺤ‬‫ﺭ‬‫ﹸ‬‫ﺘ‬ ‫ﻡ‬‫ﹸ‬‫ﻜ‬‫ﱠ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ﻌ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻟ‬ ‫ﻪ‬‫ﱠ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ﺍﻟ‬ ‫ﹸﻭﺍ‬‫ﻘ‬‫ﱠ‬‫ﺘ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﻭ‬{)‫ﺍﻟﺤﺠﺭﺍﺕ‬:10(.5‫ﺍ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﺭﺁﻥ‬ ‫ﺒﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﻗﺩ‬ ،‫ﺃﻏﺭﺍﻀﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﺒﻥ‬ ‫ﺘﺤﻠﻠﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻤﺨﺘﺼﺔ‬ ‫ﻫﻴﺌﺔ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺸﺎﻋﺔ‬ ‫ﺘﺤﻭﻴل‬ ‫ـ‬‫ﺇﺤﺎﻟﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺠﻭﺏ‬ ‫ﻟﻜﺭﻴﻡ‬‫ﻤﻌﺎﻟﺠـﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻨﻅﺭﻫﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﺒﻌﺩ‬ ،‫ﺘﺠﺭﺒﺘﻬﻡ‬ ‫ﺒﺤﻜﻡ‬ ‫ﻏﻴﺭﻫﻡ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺃﻗﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻷﻨﻬﻡ‬ ،‫ﺍﻷﻤﺭ‬ ‫ﺃﻭﻟﻲ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺸﺎﻋﺔ‬‫ﺍﻷﻤﺭ‬‫ﻭ‬ ،‫ﻤﻜﺎﻨﺘﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻟﻬﺎ‬ ،‫ﻜﺒﻴﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺸﺨﺼﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺸﺎﻋﺔ‬ ‫ﺒﺘﻜﺫﻴﺏ‬ ‫ﻴﻘﻭﻡ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﻴﻤﻜﻥ‬:‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ‬،‫ﺃﻭ‬،‫ﺍﻟﺴﻴﺎﺴﻴﺔ‬‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﺩﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﻋﻼﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﺴﺎﺌل‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺃﻜﺜﺭ‬ ‫ﺘﺼﺩﻴﻘﻪ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺱ‬ ‫ﻴﻤﻴل‬ ‫ﻭﺤﻴﻨﺌﺫ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻌﺴﻜﺭﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬.6‫ـ‬‫ﻟﺤـﺼﺭﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﺫﻟـﻙ‬ ،‫ﺍﻹﻋـﻼﻡ‬ ‫ﺒﻭﺴﺎﺌل‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺸﺎﻋﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺼﺎﺩﻗﺔ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺭﺃﻱ‬ ‫ﺘﺯﻭﻴﺩ‬‫ﺘﻌﺎﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﻗﺎل‬ ،‫ﻤﻬﺩﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻘﻀﺎﺀ‬:}‫َﻥ‬‫ﺃ‬ ‫ﹸﻭﺍ‬‫ﻨ‬‫ﻴ‬‫ﺒ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﺘ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻓ‬ ٍ‫ﺄ‬‫ﺒ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻨ‬‫ﹺ‬‫ﺒ‬ ‫ﹲ‬‫ﻕ‬‫ﺴ‬‫ﹶﺎ‬‫ﻓ‬ ‫ﻡ‬‫ﹸ‬‫ﻜ‬‫ﺎﺀ‬‫ﺠ‬ ‫ِﻥ‬‫ﺇ‬ ‫ﹸﻭﺍ‬‫ﻨ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ﺁ‬ ‫ﻥ‬‫ﻴ‬‫ﺫ‬‫ﱠ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﺍ‬ ‫ﺎ‬‫ﻬ‬‫ﻴ‬َ‫ﺃ‬ ‫ﺎ‬‫ﻴ‬‫ﹸ‬‫ﺘ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ﻌ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻓ‬ ‫ﺎ‬‫ﻤ‬ ‫ﹶﻰ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ﻋ‬ ‫ﻭﺍ‬‫ﺤ‬‫ﹺ‬‫ﺒ‬‫ﺼ‬‫ﹸ‬‫ﺘ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻓ‬ ‫ﺔ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﻬ‬‫ﺠ‬‫ﹺ‬‫ﺒ‬ ‫ﹰ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻗ‬ ‫ﻭﺍ‬‫ﺒ‬‫ﻴ‬‫ﺼ‬‫ﹸ‬‫ﺘ‬‫ﻥ‬‫ﻴ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ﺩ‬‫ﹶﺎ‬‫ﻨ‬ ‫ﻡ‬{)‫ﺍﻟﺤﺠﺭﺍﺕ‬:6(7‫ـ‬‫ﺃﻭ‬ ،‫ﺴﻠﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻏﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﻭﻗﺎﺌﻊ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺘﺴﺘﻨﺩ‬ ‫ﺘﺼﺭﻴﺤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﺒﻴﺎﻨﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺒﺈﺼﺩﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺸﺎﻋﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺘﻭﺍﺠﻪ‬ ‫ﻻ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﻴﻨﺒﻐﻲ‬‫ﺇﻟﻴﻪ‬ ‫ﻴﺅﺩﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺫﻱ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺅﻗﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻼﺝ‬ ‫ﻷﻥ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺸﺎﺌﻌﺎﺕ؛‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﺠﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻭﺍﺠﻬﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻤﺠﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﺩﻗﻴﻘﺔ؛‬ ‫ﻏﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬‫ﺤﺩﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺫﻭ‬ ‫ﹰ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﺴﻼﺤ‬ ‫ﺫﻟﻙ‬.‫ﺍﻟﺘﺼ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻭﻋﻭﺩ‬ ‫ﺘﺤﻘﻴﻕ‬ ‫ﻋﺩﻡ‬ ‫ﻤﺠﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﺇﺫ‬‫ﻜﺄﺩﺍﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﺴﺘﺨﺩﻤﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻲ‬ ‫ﺭﻴﺤﺎﺕ‬‫ﻫﺫﺍ‬ ‫ﻭﻴﺸﻴﺭ‬ ،‫ﺍﻹﺸﺎﻋﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺘﺘﻀﻤﻨﻪ‬ ‫ﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﺼﺩﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﹰ‬‫ﻼ‬‫ﺩﻟﻴ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻭﻗﺕ‬ ‫ﺫﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﻴﺼﺒﺢ‬ ،‫ﺍﻹﺸﺎﻋﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻹﻁﻔﺎﺀ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﻭﻗﻑ‬ ‫ﻤﻌﺎﻟﺠﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺘﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺠﻬﺯﺓ‬ ‫ﻤﻘﺩﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻋﺩﻡ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺃﻴﻀﺎ‬.‫ﺍﻟﻤﺼﺎﺩﺭ‬‫ﻭﺍﻟﻤﺭﺍﺠﻊ‬:*‫ﺍﻟﻜﺭﻴﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﺭﺁﻥ‬:}‫ﻥ‬‫ﻴ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﻌ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﺍ‬ ‫ﺏ‬‫ﺭ‬ ‫ﻥ‬‫ﻤ‬ ٌ‫ل‬‫ﹺﻴ‬‫ﺯ‬‫ﹶﻨ‬‫ﺘ‬{)‫ﺍﻟﻭﺍﻗﻌﺔ‬:80(.1-‫ﻴﻭﺴﻑ‬ ،‫ﺍﻹﺩﺭﻴﺴﻲ‬)1989" :(‫ﻭﺘﺼﻭﺭ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﺩﻤﺎﻍ‬ ‫ﻏﺴل‬ ، ‫ﺍﻟﺸﺎﺌﻌﺎﺕ‬ ، ‫ﺍﻟﻨﻔﺴﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺭﺏ‬ ‫ﺃﺴﻠﺤﺔ‬‫ﻤﻨﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻭﻗﺎﻴﺔ‬"،‫ﺍﻷﻤﻨﻴـﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺩﺭﺍﺴـﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺭﺒـﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜـﺯ‬ ،‫ﻤﻨـﺸﻭﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻏﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﻤﺎﺠﺴﺘﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺭﺴﺎﻟﺔ‬‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﺩﺭﻴﺏ‬،‫ﺍﻟﺭﻴﺎﺽ‬‫ﺍﻟﺴﻌﻭﺩﻴﺔ‬ ،.2-،‫ﺇﻤﺎﻡ‬‫ﺇﺒﺭﺍﻫﻴﻡ‬)1979:(‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻠﻔﺯﻴﻭﻨﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺫﺍﻋﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﻋﻼﻡ‬‫ﺍﻟﻔﻜﺭ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺭ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻌﺭﺒﻲ‬،‫ﺍﻟﻘﺎﻫﺭﺓ‬‫ﻤﺼﺭ‬ ،.3-‫ﺃﺤﻤﺩ‬ ،‫ﺒﺩﺭ‬)1982:(‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻨﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺩﻋﺎﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﻋﻼﻡ‬ ‫ﺒﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟﺠﻤﺎﻫﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺘﺼﺎل‬،،‫ﺍﻟﻤﻁﺒﻭﻋﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﻜﺎﻟﺔ‬‫ﺍﻟﻜﻭﻴﺕ‬.4-،‫ﺍﻟﺤﺎﺭﺜﻲ‬‫ﻫﻭﺼﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻋﺩﻴﻡ‬)2005:(‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﺘﻤـﻊ‬ ‫ﺃﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺸﺎﻋﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﺜﺭ‬،‫ﺍﻟﺭﻴﺎﺽ‬ ‫ﺠﺭﻴﺩﺓ‬ ،28‫ﻴﻭﻟﻴﻭ‬،‫ﺍﻟﻌﺩﺩ‬13548،‫ﺍﻟﺴﻌﻭﺩﻴﺔ‬.PDF created with pdfFactory trial version www.pdffactory.com
    • 335-،‫ﺤﺴﻭﻨﺔ‬‫ﺇﺒﺭﺍﻫﻴﻡ‬ ‫ﺨﻠﻴل‬)2001(:‫ﻭﺍﻟﺜﻘﺎﻓﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺭﺏ‬‫ﻁ‬ ،‫ﻭﺍﻟﻨﺸﺭ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻁﺒﺎﻋﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﻘﺩﺍﺩ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺭ‬ ،2،‫ﻏﺯﺓ‬ ،‫ﻓﻠﺴﻁﻴﻥ‬.6-‫ﺇﺒﺭﺍﻫﻴﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺼﻼﺡ‬ ،‫ﺤﻤﺎﺩ‬)2002(:‫ﺇﺴﻼﻤﻲ‬ ‫ﺇﻋﻼﻡ‬ ‫ﻨﺤﻭ‬‫ﻓﻠﺴﻁﻴﻥ‬ ،‫ﻏﺯﺓ‬ ،‫ﺁﻓﺎﻕ‬ ‫ﻤﻜﺘﺒﺔ‬ ،.7-‫ﻤﺤﻤﻭﺩ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﺯﻫﺎﺭ‬)2004(:‫ﺍﻹﻋﻼﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻭﺍﺠﻬﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﺼﻭل‬‫ﻭﺍﻟﺩﺭﺍﺴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺒﺤﻭﺙ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﻭﺭ‬ ‫ﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ،،‫ﻓﻠﺴﻁﻴﻥ‬ ،‫ﻏﺯﺓ‬.8‫ـ‬‫ﺨ‬‫ﺨﻠﻑ‬ ،‫ﻠﻑ‬)2009(‫ﻋﻠـﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﺃﺜﺭﻫـﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺸﺎﻋﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﻠﺴﻁﻴﻨﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺯﺒﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺼﺤﺎﻓﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻋﺘﻤﺎﺩ‬‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﻴﺎﺴﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻨﻤﻴﺔ‬‫ﻏﺯﺓ‬ ‫ﻭﻗﻁﺎﻉ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻐﺭﺒﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻀﻔﺔ‬،‫ﻤﺎﺠﺴﺘﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺭﺴﺎﻟﺔ‬‫ﻤﻨـﺸﻭﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻏﻴﺭ‬‫ﺠﺎﻤﻌـﺔ‬ ،،‫ﺍﻟﻭﻁﻨﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﺠﺎﺡ‬.9-‫ﻨﺎﺼﺭ‬ ‫ﺒﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺭﺤﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻋﺒﺩ‬ ، ‫ﺍﻟﺴﻌﺩﻱ‬)1995:(‫ﺍﻟﻤﻨـﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻜﻼﻡ‬ ‫ﺘﻔﺴﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺭﺤﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺘﻴﺴﻴﺭ‬‫ﺝ‬ ،1،‫ﺍﻟﻤ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺭ‬‫ﻟﺒﻨﺎﻥ‬ ،‫ﺒﻴﺭﻭﺕ‬ ،‫ﺅﻴﺩ‬.10-‫ﺭﻭﻥ‬ ،‫ﺸﻠﻴﻔﺭ‬)2003:(‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﻔﺴﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺭﺏ‬)‫ﺇﺴﺭﺍﺌﻴل‬(‫ﺠﺩﻴﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺍﺴﺔ‬‫ﺒﻴﻐﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ،‫ـ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺍﺴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺴﺘﺭﺍﺘﻴﺠﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺩﺭﺍﺴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻟﺴﺎﺩﺍﺕ‬‫ﺃ‬‫ﺃﻴﻼﻥ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﺭ‬ ‫،ﺠﺎﻤﻌﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻭﺴﻁ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺸﺭﻕ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬.11-،‫ﻁﻪ‬‫ﺍﻟﻘﺎﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻋﺒﺩ‬ ‫ﻓﺭﺝ‬)2003:(‫ﺍﻟﻨﻔﺴﻲ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﺤﻠﻴل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﻔﺱ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻡ‬ ‫ﻤﻭﺴﻭﻋﺔ‬،‫ﻏﺭﻴﺏ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺭ‬،‫ﺍﻟﻘﺎﻫﺭﺓ‬‫ﻤﺼﺭ‬ ،.12-،‫ﻋﺒﺎﺱ‬‫ﺨﻀﺭ‬)2005: (‫ﺍﻟـﺩﻋﻭﺓ‬ ‫ﻀـﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﻔـﺴﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺤﺭﺏ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺼﻬﻴﻭﻨﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﻋﻼﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﺴﺎﺌل‬،‫ﻟﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﺼﺩﻱ‬ ‫ﻓﻠﺴﻁﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻤﻘﺎﻭﻤﺔ‬‫ﺍﻟﻌﺼﺭ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﺘﻐﻴﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺴﻼﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﻋﻭﺓ‬ ‫ﻤﺅﺘﻤﺭ‬،16-17‫ﺃﺒﺭﻴل‬2005‫ﺝ‬ ،2‫ﺍﻹﺴﻼﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫،ﺍﻟﺠﺎﻤﻌﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺃﺼﻭل‬ ‫ﻜﻠﻴﺔ‬ ،–‫ﻓﻠﺴﻁﻴﻥ‬ ،‫ﻏﺯﺓ‬.13-‫ﺍ‬ ‫ﻋﺒﺩ‬،‫ﷲ‬‫ﺍﻟﺴﻴﺩ‬ ‫ﻤﻌﺘﺯ‬)1997(‫ﺍ‬‫ﻭﺍﻟﺸﺎﺌﻌﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﻔﺴﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﺤﺭﺏ‬‫ﻭﺍﻟﻨـﺸﺭ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻁﺒﺎﻋﺔ‬ ‫ﻏﺭﻴﺏ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺭ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻘﺎﻫﺭﺓ‬ ،‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻭﺯﻴﻊ‬‫ﻤﺼﺭ‬ ،.14-،‫ﺍﷲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺒﺩ‬‫ﻤﻲ‬)2005:(‫ﺍﻹﻋﻼﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺭﺏ‬:‫ﺜﻘﺎﻓـﺔ‬ ،‫ﻟﺒﻨـﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻓـﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻘﺎﻭﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﻋﻼﻡ‬ ‫ﻨﻤﻭﺫﺝ‬، ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻘﺎﻭﻤﺔ‬‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﺸﺭ‬ ‫ﻓﻴﻼﺩﻟﻔﻴﺎ‬ ‫ﺠﺎﻤﻌﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﺅﺘﻤﺭ‬، ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻔﻨـﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻵﺩﺍﺏ‬ ‫ﻜﻠﻴﺔ‬ ،25-28‫ﺃﺒﺭﻴـل‬2005‫ﺍﻷﺭﺩﻥ‬ ،،‫ﺹ‬ ‫ﺹ‬511-517.15-‫ﺒﻌﻨﻭﺍﻥ‬ ‫،ﻤﻘﺎل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻐﻔﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﻋﺒﺩ‬ ‫ﻤﺤﻤﺩ‬ ‫ﺒﻨﺕ‬ ‫ﺠﻬﺎﺩ‬ ،‫ﻋﻠﻲ‬"‫ﻨـﺼﺭ‬ ‫ﺃﺩﻭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻤـﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﻔـﺴﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺭﺏ‬‫ﺍﻹﺴﻼﻡ‬"/net.islamlight.www://http16‫ﺒﻭﺴﺘﻤﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺠﻭﻴﻑ‬ ‫ﺍﻭﻟﺒﻭﺭﺕ‬ ‫ﻏﻭﺭﺩﻭﻥ‬ ‫ـ‬)1974(‫ﺴﻴﻜﻭﻟ‬ ،‫ﺍﻹﺸﺎﻋﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺠﻴﺔ‬،‫ﻤﻘﺎل‬ ‫ﻋﻥ‬ ‫ﹰ‬‫ﻼ‬‫ﻨﻘ‬"‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﺘﻤﻊ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺸﺎﻋﺔ‬ ‫ﺴﻴﻜﻭﻟﻭﺠﻴﺔ‬"‫ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺘﺸﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﻤﻭﻗﻊ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﺤﻭﺍﺠﺭﻱ‬ ‫ﻤﺤﻤﺩ‬ ‫ﺃﺤﻤﺩ‬،‫ﺍﻹﻟﻜﺘﺭﻭﻨﻲ‬/com.almostshar.www://http17-،‫ﻜﺤﻴل‬‫ﻋﺒﺩﺍﻟﻭﻫﺎﺏ‬)‫ﺩ‬.‫ﺕ‬:(‫ﺍﻹﺴﻼﻡ‬ ‫ﻀﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﻔﺴﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺭﺏ‬‫ﺍﻟﻜﺘﺏ‬ ‫ﻋﺎﻟﻡ‬ ،:‫ﺒﻴﺭﻭﺕ‬.PDF created with pdfFactory trial version www.pdffactory.com
    • 3418-‫ﻤﺤﻤﺩ‬ ،‫ﻤﺤﺴﻥ‬)1997(:‫ﺍﻹﺴـﺭﺍﺌﻴﻠﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﻋﺎﻴـﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﻭﺍﺠﻬﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻘﺎﻭﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﺩﻋﺎﻴﺔ‬‫ﺍﻟﻔﻜـﺭ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻌﺩﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺭﺒﻲ‬89.19-،‫ﻤﺤﻤﺩ‬‫ﻋﻤﺎﺭﺓ‬)1998:(‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻲ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻷﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺴﻼﻡ‬‫ﺍﻟﻘﺎﻫﺭﺓ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﺸﺭﻭﻕ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺭ‬ ،.20-،‫ﺍﻟﻤﻔﻠﺢ‬‫ﻋﺒﺩ‬ ‫ﻤﺒﺎﺭﻙ‬‫ﺍﷲ‬)1994" :(‫ﺇﺴـﻼﻤﻲ‬ ‫ﻤﻨﻅﻭﺭ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺭﺒﻭﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﺨﺎﻁﺭﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺸﺎﻋﺔ‬"،‫ﻤﺎﺠﺴﺘﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺭﺴﺎﻟﺔ‬‫ﻤﻨﺸﻭﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻏﻴﺭ‬‫ﺍﻟﻴﺭﻤﻭﻙ‬ ‫ﺠﺎﻤﻌﺔ‬ ،،‫ﺍﻷﺭﺩﻥ‬.21-، ‫ﻤﺤﻔﻭﻅ‬‫ﺍﻟﺩﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺠﻤﺎل‬ ‫ﻤﺤﻤﺩ‬)‫ﺏ‬.‫ﺕ‬:(‫ﺍﻟﻨﻔﺴﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺭﺏ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺴﻼﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﻅﺭﻴﺔ‬،،‫ﺍﻻﻋﺘﺼﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺭ‬‫ﺍﻟﻘﺎﻫﺭﺓ‬‫ﻤﺼﺭ‬ ،.22-،‫ﺇﺴﻤﺎﻋﻴل‬ ‫ﺒﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﺤﻤﺩ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻤﻐﻴﺭﺓ‬)1987(،‫ﺍﻟﺒﺨﺎﺭﻱ‬ ‫ﺼﺤﻴﺢ‬‫ﺍﻟﺤـﺩﻴﺙ‬ ‫ﺭﻗﻡ‬ ،2544‫ﻜﺘـﺎﺏ‬ ،‫ﺒﺎﺏ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻭﺼﺎﻴﺎ‬:‫ﻗﻭ‬‫ﺘﻌﺎﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﷲ‬ ‫ل‬:‫ﺘﺤﻘﻴﻕ‬ ،‫ﺩﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﺒﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻴﻭﺼﻲ‬ ‫ﻭﺼﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺒﻌﺩ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬:‫ﺍﻟﻌﺯﻴﺯ‬ ‫ﻋﺒﺩ‬‫ﺒﻴﺭﻭﺕ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻔﻜﺭ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺭ‬ ،‫ﺒﺎﺯ‬ ‫ﺒﻥ‬.23-،‫ﻨﻭﻓل‬‫ﺃﺤﻤﺩ‬)1981:(‫ﺍﻹﺸﺎﻋﺔ‬،‫ﻁ‬1،‫ﺍﻟﻔﺭﻗﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺭ‬:‫ﻋﻤﺎﻥ‬.24-، ‫ﺍﻟﻘـﺸﻴﺭﻱ‬ ‫ﺤﺠـﺎﺝ‬ ‫ﺒـﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﺴﻠﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺴﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺃﺒﻭ‬ ،‫ﻤﺴﻠﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﻤﺎﻡ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻨﻴﺴﺎﺒﻭﺭﻱ‬)1955(،،‫ﻤﺴﻠﻡ‬ ‫ﺼﺤﻴﺢ‬‫ﺍﻟﺤﺩﻴﺙ‬ ‫ﺭﻗﻡ‬4685‫ﺍ‬ ‫ﻜﺘﺎﺏ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻤـﺅﻤﻨﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺘـﺭﺍﺤﻡ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﺏ‬ ، ‫ﻭﺍﻵﺩﺍﺏ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺼﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﺒﺭ‬‫ﻤﺼﺭ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻘﺎﻫﺭﺓ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻌﺭﺒﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻜﺘﺏ‬ ‫ﺇﺤﻴﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺭ‬ ،‫ﻭﺘﻌﺎﻀﺩﻫﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﻌﺎﻁﻔﻬﻡ‬.25-،‫ﺍﻟﻔﻠﺴﻁﻴﻨﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻼﺴﺘﻌﻼﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻬﻴﺌﺔ‬)2001:(‫ﻁ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﺴﻨﻭﻱ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻘﺭﻴﺭ‬1.26-،‫ﺍﻟﻔﻠﺴﻁﻴﻨﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻼﺴﺘﻌﻼﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻬﻴﺌﺔ‬)2002:(‫ﻁ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﺴﻨﻭﻱ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻘﺭﻴﺭ‬2.27-‫ﺍﻟﻬﻴﺌﺔ‬،‫ﻟﻼﺴﺘﻌﻼﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻤﺔ‬)2004(‫ﻁ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﺴﻨﻭﻱ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻘﺭﻴﺭ‬ ،4.PDF created with pdfFactory trial version www.pdffactory.com