The Effects of Sexual CrimePresentation Transcript
THE EFFECTS OF SEXUAL CRIME By Dani Cathro and Caragh Jenkins
WHAT ARE SEXUAL CRIMES?
Aggravated Sexual Assualt,
Child Sexual Abuse
Obscene Phone Call
Obsessive Relational Intrusion
Sexual Violence by Intimate Partners
Human Sex Trafficking
Deviant Sexual Behaviour
CHILD SEXUAL ABUSE
Definition = a form of child abuse in which an adult or older adolescent uses a child for sexual stimulation.
Forms = pressuring a child to engage in sexual activities (regardless of the outcome), indecent exposure of the genitals to a child, displaying pornography to a child, actual sexual contact against a child, physical contact with the child's genitals (except in certain non-sexual contexts such as a medical exam), viewing of the child's genitalia without physical contact (except in nonsexual contexts such as a medical exam), or using a child to produce child pornography.
CHILD SEXUAL ABUSE: STATS
In USA, 15-25% of women and 5-15% of men were sexually abused when they were children.
Women who experienced non-genital sexual abuse in childhood were 2.93 times more likely to suffer drug dependence as adults than were women who were not abused.
Sexually abused children suffer from more psychological symptoms than children who have not been abused; studies have found symptoms in 51% to 79% of sexually abused children.
CHILD SEXUAL ABUSE: EFFECTS
post-traumatic stress disorder
poor self esteem,
crime in adulthood,
amnesia for abuse memories,
deleterious effect on brain development,
increased likelihood epilepsy-like symptoms,
short term memory impairments.
damage to internal organs,
sexually transmitted diseases,
CHILD SEXUAL ABUSE
Video – Rough Aunties
In criminal law, rape is a type of sexual assault usually involving sexual intercourse, which is initiated by one or more persons against another person without that person's consent.
According to the American Medical Association sexual violence and rape in particular is considered the most under-reported violent crime.
Rape is also recognized as an element of the crime of genocide when committed with the intent to destroy, in whole or in part, a targeted ethnic group.
Can result in the victim being seriously traumatised.
Depersonalization or dissociation (feeling numb and detached, like being in a daze or a dream, or feeling that the world is strange and unreal)
Development of eating disorders.
Intense, unpredicted emotions.
In general, rape and sexual assault are among the most common causes of PTSD in women
Difficulty remembering important parts of the assault
Reliving the assault through repeated thoughts, memories, or nightmares
Avoidance of things, places, thoughts, and/or feelings that remind the victim of the assault
Anxiety or increased alertness (difficulty sleeping, concentrating, etc.)
Avoidance of social life or place of rape
RAPE: ‘VICTIM BLAMING’
When victims behaviour such as flirting, or wearing sexually-provocative clothing may be seen to encourage rape.
In extreme cases, victims are said to have "asked for it", simply by not behaving demurely.
Finally, rape victims are blamed more when they are raped by an acquaintance or a date rather than by a stranger.
RAPE: CASE STUDY: DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC OF CONGO.
Since 1996, sexual violence has been used to intimidate, humiliate, and torture hundreds of thousands of women and girls.
Rape here has frequently been described as a "weapon of war," and the United Nations officially declared rape a weapon of war in 2008.
Noel Rwabirinba, a sixteen year old who had been a militiaman for two years said, “If we see girls, it’s our right…we can violate them”
Effects : Rape makes a particularly effective weapon in genocide because not only does it destroy its physical victims, but entire communities as well.
The medical repercussions of the sexual assault in the DRC vary from severed and broken limbs, burned flesh, fistulas, STIs, pregnancy, and urinary incontinence to death.
The most extreme versions of this stigmatization can lead to "honor killings" in which the victim of sexual violence is murdered by her family or community due to the belief that she has brought them shame and dishonor.
Incest is sexual intercourse between close relatives that is illegal in the jurisdiction where it takes place and/or is socially taboo.
It can result in serious and long-term psychological trauma, especially in the case of parental incest.
It is seen in some countries victimless crime if it is consensual, and thus it is rarely reported.
The increased mortality of babies from heterosexual incestuous couples is enough to criminalize the act.
INCEST: EFFECTS STATS
One study concluded that among the survivors of incest who were victimized by their mothers, 60 percent (60%) of the women had eating disorders as did one-fourth (25%) of the men.
Of the 93 women and nine men included in this study, 80 percent (80%) of the women and all of the men reported sexual problems in their adult life.
In addition, almost two-thirds of the women stated that they never or rarely went to the doctor or the dentist as the examination was too terrifying for them.