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The Effects of Property Crime
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The Effects of Property Crime


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  • 1.  
  • 2. What is defined as property crime?
    • Burglary
    • Larceny (stealing)
    • Theft
    • Arson
    • Shoplifting
    • Vandalism
    • Property crime only involves the taking of money or property, and does not involve force or threat of force against a victim
    • Although robbery involves taking property it is classified as a violent crime, as force or threat of force on an individual that is present is involved.
    • Burglary is of an unoccupied building.
  • 3. Effects on Victims
    • Having their privacy violated
    • Being scared to stay in their burglarized homes
    • Being scared to return to work where the crime occurred
    • Waiting to have their property returned (could have sentimental value)
    • Cleaning up after their homes or businesses have been vandalized
    There can be, physical, emotional, financial impacts on victims
    • Cost of replacing personal items
    • Cost of repairing the broken doors/windows
    • Insurance costs
    • Filling out insurance paperwork
    • Legal fees
    • Security systems to be put in place
    • Males aged 16 to 24 had the highest risk of being a victim of property crime (28%)
    • The risk of being a victim of property crime increased for adults living in the 15% most deprived areas (23%) compared with those living in the rest of Scotland (17%)
    • 6% of adults (or 36% of victims of property crime) were repeat victims of property crime
    • Examination of the characteristics of property crime showed that the main place, by far, where property crime took place was immediately outside the home; 65% happened there.
    • The offender(s) was a neighbour in 33% of property crime where the victim knew the offender(s) well, in 15% young people from the local area and in 22%, a friend.
    • In over half of property crime (57%) victims said the offender(s) should have been prosecuted in court. Of victims who thought this, the largest proportion said the offender(s) should have been given a sentence other than a prison sentence.
  • 5. SCJS 2008/09 Crimes where respondent knew the offender(s) well (base: property crime 165; violent crime 206 )
  • 6. SCJS 2008/09 Property crime (base: 3,172); violent crime (base: 622)
  • 7. SCJS 2008/09 Property crimes where something was stolen / damaged (base: damaged 1,723; stolen 1,389)
  • 8. Effects on Communities
    • People feel unsafe in the community
    • Fear it could happen to them
    • Property prises could decrease
    • Area becomes known for it
    • Need an increase in security (CCTV cameras/more police) however not always available or affordable
    • Bad relationships can from within communities
  • 9. “ Online Mapping”
    • People can go onto to see what type of crime is prevalent in their area
    • Only England and Wales
    • Lets communities know what is happening where they live
    • Can cause fear?
    • In this case it highlights issues and offences that go on in communities and means that crimes can be solved quicker which can help to reduce property crime in the future
  • 10. Risk Groups
    • Certain groups more fearful than others
    • The elderly less likely to experience property crime than any other group >
    • Males and females aged 60 or older had the lowest risks of being a victim of property crime (10% males; 8% females)
    • Despite this they fear it the most
  • 11.