The Effects of Property Crime


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The Effects of Property Crime

  1. 2. What is defined as property crime? <ul><li>Burglary </li></ul><ul><li>Larceny (stealing) </li></ul><ul><li>Theft </li></ul><ul><li>Arson </li></ul><ul><li>Shoplifting </li></ul><ul><li>Vandalism </li></ul><ul><li>Property crime only involves the taking of money or property, and does not involve force or threat of force against a victim </li></ul><ul><li>Although robbery involves taking property it is classified as a violent crime, as force or threat of force on an individual that is present is involved. </li></ul><ul><li>Burglary is of an unoccupied building. </li></ul>
  2. 3. Effects on Victims <ul><li>Having their privacy violated </li></ul><ul><li>Being scared to stay in their burglarized homes </li></ul><ul><li>Being scared to return to work where the crime occurred </li></ul><ul><li>Waiting to have their property returned (could have sentimental value) </li></ul><ul><li>Cleaning up after their homes or businesses have been vandalized </li></ul>There can be, physical, emotional, financial impacts on victims <ul><li>Cost of replacing personal items </li></ul><ul><li>Cost of repairing the broken doors/windows </li></ul><ul><li>Insurance costs </li></ul><ul><li>Filling out insurance paperwork </li></ul><ul><li>Legal fees </li></ul><ul><li>Security systems to be put in place </li></ul>
  3. 4. STATISTICS <ul><li>Males aged 16 to 24 had the highest risk of being a victim of property crime (28%) </li></ul><ul><li>The risk of being a victim of property crime increased for adults living in the 15% most deprived areas (23%) compared with those living in the rest of Scotland (17%) </li></ul><ul><li>6% of adults (or 36% of victims of property crime) were repeat victims of property crime </li></ul><ul><li>Examination of the characteristics of property crime showed that the main place, by far, where property crime took place was immediately outside the home; 65% happened there. </li></ul><ul><li>The offender(s) was a neighbour in 33% of property crime where the victim knew the offender(s) well, in 15% young people from the local area and in 22%, a friend. </li></ul><ul><li>In over half of property crime (57%) victims said the offender(s) should have been prosecuted in court. Of victims who thought this, the largest proportion said the offender(s) should have been given a sentence other than a prison sentence. </li></ul>
  4. 5. SCJS 2008/09 Crimes where respondent knew the offender(s) well (base: property crime 165; violent crime 206 )
  5. 6. SCJS 2008/09 Property crime (base: 3,172); violent crime (base: 622)
  6. 7. SCJS 2008/09 Property crimes where something was stolen / damaged (base: damaged 1,723; stolen 1,389)
  7. 8. Effects on Communities <ul><li>People feel unsafe in the community </li></ul><ul><li>Fear it could happen to them </li></ul><ul><li>Property prises could decrease </li></ul><ul><li>Area becomes known for it </li></ul><ul><li>Need an increase in security (CCTV cameras/more police) however not always available or affordable </li></ul><ul><li>Bad relationships can from within communities </li></ul>
  8. 9. “ Online Mapping” <ul><li>People can go onto to see what type of crime is prevalent in their area </li></ul><ul><li>Only England and Wales </li></ul><ul><li>Lets communities know what is happening where they live </li></ul><ul><li>Can cause fear? </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li>In this case it highlights issues and offences that go on in communities and means that crimes can be solved quicker which can help to reduce property crime in the future </li></ul>
  9. 10. Risk Groups <ul><li>Certain groups more fearful than others </li></ul><ul><li>The elderly less likely to experience property crime than any other group > </li></ul><ul><li>Males and females aged 60 or older had the lowest risks of being a victim of property crime (10% males; 8% females) </li></ul><ul><li>Despite this they fear it the most </li></ul>
  10. 11.