After the police charge someone with a criminal offence they send the details of the case to the Procurator Fiscal who looks at the evidence and decides whether to proceed with the case.
The Procurator Fiscal also inquires into sudden or suspicious deaths and fatal accidents
Criminal Courts Scottish Court of Criminal Appeal Judges from the High Court of Justiciary hear appeals High Court of Justiciary Most serious crimes. eg. murder and rape Solemn Procedure with judge or jury Sheriff Courts More serious offences eg. theft or assault Solemn procedure with sheriff and jury Summary procedure with sheriff Justice of Peace Courts Replaced district courts. Minor offences like breach of the peace Summary procedure with JP alone
Maximum penalties in Criminal Court Scottish Court of Criminal Appeals High Court of Justiciary Edinburgh, Glasgow and Aberdeen have permanent High Courts Unlimited Fine/ Life imprisonment Sheriff Courts (49 Sheriff Courts) Summary - £10,000 fine – 12 months imprisonment Solemn – Unlimited fine – 3 years imprisonment Justice of the Peace Courts £2,500 fine, 60 days imprisonment
Civil Courts Supreme Court (formerly House of Lords) Hears appeals from Court of Session http://www.supremecourt.gov.uk/ Court of Session Outer House – Cases involving large sums of money Inner House – Hears appeals from Sheriff Court and Outer House Sheriff Courts Hears majority of Civil cases eg. small money claims, divorce, eviction etc. Land Courts – settles crofting/ land disputes Tribunals – employment, immigration, property, disputes
is the final court of appeal for all United Kingdom civil cases, and criminal cases from England, Wales and Northern Ireland and hears appeals on arguable points of law of general public importance. It concentrates on cases of the greatest public and constitutional importance
The Supreme Court hears appeals from the following courts in each jurisdiction: