To what extent is the prison system being used increasingly in our society as a method of dealing with the marginalised pe...
Introduction <ul><li>Prisons in the UK today suffer overcrowding and are full to maximum capacity.  </li></ul><ul><li>In 2...
Social Deprivation <ul><li>There is a high concentration of prisoners that come from deprived and poverty stricken backgro...
Education <ul><li>A high percentage of prisoners have low levels of intelligence due to a lack of education that means the...
Alcohol and Drug Abuse <ul><li>October 2007, 15% of male sentenced prisoners had been convicted of drug offences.  </li></...
Unemployment <ul><li>http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-1256166/Prisoners-paid-unemployment-benefits-sit-cells.html <...
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Prisons - Socio-Economic

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Prisons - Socio-Economic

  1. 1. To what extent is the prison system being used increasingly in our society as a method of dealing with the marginalised people in our society, fulfilling Charles Murray’s vision of the ‘custodial state.’ Socio-economically marginalised prisoners.
  2. 2. Introduction <ul><li>Prisons in the UK today suffer overcrowding and are full to maximum capacity. </li></ul><ul><li>In 2003 for every 100,000 people in Scotland there were 130 in prison. </li></ul><ul><li>One of the highest proportions in Western Europe. </li></ul><ul><li>When examining prisons, the type of people serving usually come from poor, uneducated and deprived backgrounds. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Social Deprivation <ul><li>There is a high concentration of prisoners that come from deprived and poverty stricken backgrounds. </li></ul><ul><li>10.2% of the general population live in Type H housing </li></ul><ul><li>28.4% of the prisoner population live in Type H housing </li></ul><ul><li>There are great variation between prisons: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>43.0% of Low Moss prisoners came from Type H </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>3.2% of Inverness prisoners live in Type H housing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>http://www.howardleaguescotland.org.uk/docs/RHouchinNov05.ppt </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>http://www.sps.gov.uk/multimediagallery/C1D3FBFB-E123-4643-8D83-AB0F622E7755.pdf </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Education <ul><li>A high percentage of prisoners have low levels of intelligence due to a lack of education that means they turn to crime in the first place. </li></ul><ul><li>Prisoners also have high levels of learning difficulties such as dyslexia. Loucks (2007) states ‟20-30% of offenders have learning difficulties or learning disabilities‟ </li></ul><ul><li>Kirk and Reid (2001) found that „of the young offenders (50%) were dyslexic to some degree‟ </li></ul><ul><li>https://www.dora.dmu.ac.uk/bitstream/handle/2086/3444/t-learning%20article.pdf?sequence=3 </li></ul>
  5. 5. Alcohol and Drug Abuse <ul><li>October 2007, 15% of male sentenced prisoners had been convicted of drug offences. </li></ul><ul><li>In 1995 drug offences accounted for 10% of male sentenced prisoners. </li></ul><ul><li>For the sentenced female prison population at the end of October 2007 drug offences accounted for 30% of prisoners, by far the largest proportion. </li></ul><ul><li>In 1995 they accounted for 27% of the sentenced female prison population.   </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.prisonreformtrust.org.uk/subsection.asp?id=252 </li></ul>
  6. 6. Unemployment <ul><li>http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-1256166/Prisoners-paid-unemployment-benefits-sit-cells.html </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.niace.org.uk/lifelonglearninginquiry/docs/lifelong-learning-and-re-offending.pdf </li></ul>

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