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Prisons - Socio-Economic
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Prisons - Socio-Economic

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  • 1. To what extent is the prison system being used increasingly in our society as a method of dealing with the marginalised people in our society, fulfilling Charles Murray’s vision of the ‘custodial state.’ Socio-economically marginalised prisoners.
  • 2. Introduction
    • Prisons in the UK today suffer overcrowding and are full to maximum capacity.
    • In 2003 for every 100,000 people in Scotland there were 130 in prison.
    • One of the highest proportions in Western Europe.
    • When examining prisons, the type of people serving usually come from poor, uneducated and deprived backgrounds.
  • 3. Social Deprivation
    • There is a high concentration of prisoners that come from deprived and poverty stricken backgrounds.
    • 10.2% of the general population live in Type H housing
    • 28.4% of the prisoner population live in Type H housing
    • There are great variation between prisons:
      • 43.0% of Low Moss prisoners came from Type H
      • 3.2% of Inverness prisoners live in Type H housing
      • http://www.howardleaguescotland.org.uk/docs/RHouchinNov05.ppt
      • http://www.sps.gov.uk/multimediagallery/C1D3FBFB-E123-4643-8D83-AB0F622E7755.pdf
  • 4. Education
    • A high percentage of prisoners have low levels of intelligence due to a lack of education that means they turn to crime in the first place.
    • Prisoners also have high levels of learning difficulties such as dyslexia. Loucks (2007) states ‟20-30% of offenders have learning difficulties or learning disabilities‟
    • Kirk and Reid (2001) found that „of the young offenders (50%) were dyslexic to some degree‟
    • https://www.dora.dmu.ac.uk/bitstream/handle/2086/3444/t-learning%20article.pdf?sequence=3
  • 5. Alcohol and Drug Abuse
    • October 2007, 15% of male sentenced prisoners had been convicted of drug offences.
    • In 1995 drug offences accounted for 10% of male sentenced prisoners.
    • For the sentenced female prison population at the end of October 2007 drug offences accounted for 30% of prisoners, by far the largest proportion.
    • In 1995 they accounted for 27% of the sentenced female prison population.  
    • http://www.prisonreformtrust.org.uk/subsection.asp?id=252
  • 6. Unemployment
    • http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-1256166/Prisoners-paid-unemployment-benefits-sit-cells.html
    • http://www.niace.org.uk/lifelonglearninginquiry/docs/lifelong-learning-and-re-offending.pdf

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