Effects of violent crime (1)
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  • 1. The effects of violent crime Violent crime: robbery, sexual offences, assault and murder
  • 2. The effects of violent crime
    • Effects on victims
      • Age
      • Gender
      • Sexuality
      • Ethnicity
    • Effects on society
      • Communities
      • Public services
      • Government
  • 3. Effects on victims:
    • Elderly least likely to be victims, increased fear of crime. May feel more vulnerable.
    • 16-24 year old males most likely to be victims.
    • About two-thirds of abused children are being parented by battered women (McKay, 1994).
  • 4. Effects on victims:
    • There has recently been an increase of homophobic violent offences.
    • Media portrayal:
    • Daily Mail 
    • 14th October  2009
    • A  strange, lonely and  troubling death . .  .  
    • Pink News 
    • 19th October  2009
    • Teenagers  charged with manslaughter  over gay man's death  
    • The  Guardian ,
    • 4  February 2009 
    • Teenager  beaten to death 'because  he was gay'  
    • This can result in individuals feeling more vulnerable.
  • 5. Effects on victims:
    • Gender.
    • - Statistics show that men are far more likely to be victims of crime than women.
    • -Studies show that women, however, fear crime far more than men.
    • - Women’s confidence is also more likely to be affected, meaning they may find it hard to be on their own, hard to find a job etc.
  • 6. Effects on victims:
    • Ethnicity
    • Ethnic minorities, generally fear crime far more than whites. An exception to this rule is that whites commonly fear people of ethnic minorities, most probably due to media portrayal.
    • Studies show Black people are more likely to be a victim or witness a crime.
  • 7. Effects on society: Victim’s family
    • Emotional and psychological impact on family and friends of the victim
    • Homicide victims’ families:
      • American study (1996):
        • Fragmented services provided by CJS
        • Increased distress
  • 8. Effects on society: Communities
    • Witnessing violent crime
      • California study:
        • Chinese-American urban youth
        • exposed to violence
        • higher rates of self-reported PTSD, depressive symptoms, and perpetration of violence
  • 9. Effects on society: Areas
    • Depends on area’s normal crime rate
    • Fear of crime
      • house prices, business growth
    • (Ohio State University research)
      • Violent crime surges in low crime areas
        • Businesses significantly suffer
      • Violent crime surges in high crime areas
        • No significant effect on local business growth
  • 10. Effects on society: Government
    • Violent Crime Reduction Act 2006
      • maximum penalty for possession of a knife in a public place: 4 years
      • new offence: using another person to hide or carry guns
      • Drinking banning orders
      • Alcohol disorder zones
      • increased age limit for buying a knife, air weapon or crossbow to 18
    • Connected fund (England and Wales): supports community organisations working to tackle guns, gangs and knife crime
      • disbursed more than £1.25 million since 2004 in grants to local community groups
  • 11. Bibliography
    • http://www.aaets.org/arts/art8.htm
    • http://skylarjordan.wordpress.com/2009/10/27/brown-new-labour-fail-as-homophobic-hate-crimes-increase-dramatically/
    • Violent crime's effect on retailers study http://researchnews.osu.edu/archive/crimsurg.htm
    • Home office on violent crime http://webarchive.nationalarchives.gov.uk/+/http:/www.homeoffice.gov.uk/crime-victims/reducing-crime/violent-crime/index.html
    • Articles in Violent crime in a community http://www.humanimpact.org/evidencebase/category/violent_crime_in_a_community_impacts_physical_and_mental_health
    • Thompson, M. P., Norris, F. H., &  Ruback , R. B. (1996). System influences on post-homicide beliefs and distress.   American Journal of Community Psychology , 24, 785-809