The effects of violent crime Violent crime: robbery, sexual offences, assault and murder
The effects of violent crime <ul><li>Effects on victims </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Age </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Gender </li><...
Effects on victims: <ul><li>Elderly least likely to be victims, increased fear of crime. May feel more vulnerable. </li></...
Effects on victims: <ul><li>There has recently been an increase of homophobic violent offences. </li></ul><ul><li>Media po...
Effects on victims: <ul><li>Gender. </li></ul><ul><li>- Statistics show that men are far more likely to be victims of crim...
Effects on victims: <ul><li>Ethnicity </li></ul><ul><li>Ethnic minorities, generally fear crime far more than whites. An e...
Effects on society: Victim’s family <ul><li>Emotional and psychological impact on family and friends of the victim </li></...
Effects on society: Communities <ul><li>Witnessing violent crime </li></ul><ul><ul><li>California study: </li></ul></ul><u...
Effects on society: Areas <ul><li>Depends on area’s normal crime rate </li></ul><ul><li>Fear of crime </li></ul><ul><ul><l...
Effects on society: Government <ul><li>Violent Crime Reduction Act 2006  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>maximum penalty for possess...
Bibliography <ul><li>http://www.aaets.org/arts/art8.htm </li></ul><ul><li>http://skylarjordan.wordpress.com/2009/10/27/bro...
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Effects of Violent Crime

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Transcript of "Effects of Violent Crime"

  1. 1. The effects of violent crime Violent crime: robbery, sexual offences, assault and murder
  2. 2. The effects of violent crime <ul><li>Effects on victims </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Age </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Gender </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sexuality </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ethnicity </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Effects on society </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Communities </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Public services </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Government </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. Effects on victims: <ul><li>Elderly least likely to be victims, increased fear of crime. May feel more vulnerable. </li></ul><ul><li>16-24 year old males most likely to be victims. </li></ul><ul><li>About two-thirds of abused children are being parented by battered women (McKay, 1994). </li></ul>
  4. 4. Effects on victims: <ul><li>There has recently been an increase of homophobic violent offences. </li></ul><ul><li>Media portrayal: </li></ul><ul><li>Daily Mail  </li></ul><ul><li>14th October  2009 </li></ul><ul><li>A  strange, lonely and  troubling death . .  .   </li></ul><ul><li>Pink News  </li></ul><ul><li>19th October  2009 </li></ul><ul><li>Teenagers  charged with manslaughter  over gay man's death   </li></ul><ul><li>The  Guardian , </li></ul><ul><li>4  February 2009  </li></ul><ul><li>Teenager  beaten to death 'because  he was gay'   </li></ul><ul><li>This can result in individuals feeling more vulnerable. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Effects on victims: <ul><li>Gender. </li></ul><ul><li>- Statistics show that men are far more likely to be victims of crime than women. </li></ul><ul><li>-Studies show that women, however, fear crime far more than men. </li></ul><ul><li>- Women’s confidence is also more likely to be affected, meaning they may find it hard to be on their own, hard to find a job etc. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Effects on victims: <ul><li>Ethnicity </li></ul><ul><li>Ethnic minorities, generally fear crime far more than whites. An exception to this rule is that whites commonly fear people of ethnic minorities, most probably due to media portrayal. </li></ul><ul><li>Studies show Black people are more likely to be a victim or witness a crime. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Effects on society: Victim’s family <ul><li>Emotional and psychological impact on family and friends of the victim </li></ul><ul><li>Homicide victims’ families: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>American study (1996): </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Fragmented services provided by CJS </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Increased distress </li></ul></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Effects on society: Communities <ul><li>Witnessing violent crime </li></ul><ul><ul><li>California study: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Chinese-American urban youth </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>exposed to violence </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>higher rates of self-reported PTSD, depressive symptoms, and perpetration of violence </li></ul></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Effects on society: Areas <ul><li>Depends on area’s normal crime rate </li></ul><ul><li>Fear of crime </li></ul><ul><ul><li>house prices, business growth </li></ul></ul><ul><li>(Ohio State University research) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Violent crime surges in low crime areas </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Businesses significantly suffer </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Violent crime surges in high crime areas </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>No significant effect on local business growth </li></ul></ul></ul>
  10. 10. Effects on society: Government <ul><li>Violent Crime Reduction Act 2006 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>maximum penalty for possession of a knife in a public place: 4 years </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>new offence: using another person to hide or carry guns </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Drinking banning orders </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Alcohol disorder zones </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>increased age limit for buying a knife, air weapon or crossbow to 18 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Connected fund (England and Wales): supports community organisations working to tackle guns, gangs and knife crime </li></ul><ul><ul><li>disbursed more than £1.25 million since 2004 in grants to local community groups </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. Bibliography <ul><li>http://www.aaets.org/arts/art8.htm </li></ul><ul><li>http://skylarjordan.wordpress.com/2009/10/27/brown-new-labour-fail-as-homophobic-hate-crimes-increase-dramatically/ </li></ul><ul><li>http://thescotsman.scotsman.com/scotland/Merchiston-murder-is-third-gay.6739370.jp </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.dailyrecord.co.uk/news/scottish-news/2011/03/22/retired-lecturer-murdered-in-his-own-home-is-third-gay-man-killed-in-a-month-in-edinburgh-86908-23007182/ </li></ul><ul><li>Violent crime's effect on retailers study http://researchnews.osu.edu/archive/crimsurg.htm </li></ul><ul><li>Home office on violent crime http://webarchive.nationalarchives.gov.uk/+/http:/www.homeoffice.gov.uk/crime-victims/reducing-crime/violent-crime/index.html </li></ul><ul><li>Articles in Violent crime in a community http://www.humanimpact.org/evidencebase/category/violent_crime_in_a_community_impacts_physical_and_mental_health </li></ul><ul><li>Thompson, M. P., Norris, F. H., &  Ruback , R. B. (1996). System influences on post-homicide beliefs and distress.   American Journal of Community Psychology , 24, 785-809 </li></ul>
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