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Rivers and other physical features• Indus River • Bay of Bengal• Ganges River • Indian Ocean• Huang He (Yellow) River • Sea of Japan• Mekong River • South China Sea• Yangtze (Chang Jiang) • Yellow Sea River • Gobi Desert• Korean Peninsula • Taklimakan Desert • Himalayan Mountains
Indus River• Begins in Tibet and flows southwest 2000 miles across the tip of India and through Pakistan before it empties into the Arabian Sea.• The Indus River valley is one of the richest farming areas in the region.• Many different civilizations have lived along this river throughout the centuries.
Ganges River-Mother Ganges• India’s most important river• Begins in the Himalayan mountains and flows southeast through India before emptying into the Bay of Bengal.• The water carries rich sediment called loess(topsoil, silt, and minerals) to the farmlands downstream creating a large, fertile delta at its mouth.• Because 400 million people live and work along the Ganges, the water is HEAVILY polluted.
Mekong River• Begins in Tibetan Plateau and runs south from China and Vietnam and empties into the South China Sea.• The Mekong River Delta has some of the richest farming land in the world.• Home to giant freshwater fishes• Asia’s 7th longest river
Huang He (Yellow River)• Begins in mountains of Tibet and flows east emptying into the Yellow Sea.• The yellow dust blowing out of the Gobi desert is picked up by the river and carried into the sea, giving both a yellowish color…..hence the name!• Used for transporting people and goods and creates rich soil for farmers.• Frequent flooding has led some to call it “China’s sorrow” due to the suffering it causes
Yangtze River (Chang Jiang)• Begins in Tibetan plateau and travels east to the East China Sea.• Shanghai is located at the mouth of the river and is one of China’s most important ports• Over 3400 miles long making it China’s LONGEST river• Main transportation route for 400 million people making the river heavily polluted- nicknamed the giant toilet bowl of Asia• Connected to the Huang He by the Grand Canal built over 2000 years ago
Himalayan Mountains• Form the southern border of China and India and spreads north forming the Tibetan Plateau• Nicknamed the “roof of the world” because of the high altitudes• Form a barrier between India and countries to the north, causing India to rely on water for trade and travel• Mt. Everest is the highest mountain in the world and is on the border of Nepal and China
Gobi and Taklimakan Deserts• The Gobi desert is in east and central China • The Taklimakan desert• Can be one of the is over 600 miles long- hottest and coldest one of the longest in places in the world the world.• Mostly covered in sand and rocks
Why is the Huang He River referred to as the Yellow River?A.) no one really knows where this name came fromB.) the river was given the name by order of the ChinesegovernmentC.) yellowish dust from the desert blows into the water and colorsit yellowD.) villagers living along the river are famous for producing clothusing bright yellow dye.
What is loess?A.) silt that is carried in riverwaterB.) small fish that live in Chinas riversC.) another name for heavy seasonal rainsD.) name for the canals built along a rivers path
Why is the Huang He sometimes called Chinas sorrow?A.) The river often runs dry leaving farmers to starveB.) Floods along this river often cause great sufferingC.) No one can drink the water from this river becauseof the pollution D.) the river has too many rapids and waterfalls for it to be used for transportation
What river runs south from Tibet to Vietnam and empties into the South China Sea?A.) IndusB.) MekongC.) YangtzeD.) Huang He
Which river is the longest in China?A.) GangesB.) MekongC.) YangtzeD.) Huang He
What city is located at the mouth of the Yangtze river?A.) BeijingB.) ShanghaiC.) Hong KongD.) Ho Chi Minh City
What are the two great deserts found in China?A.) Gobi and the GangesB.) Gobi and the TaklimakanC.) Huang He and YangtzeD.) Mekong and the Taklimakan
What is the name of a body of land surrounded by water on three sides?A.) islandB.) isthmusC.) swampD.) Peninsula
Which countries are a peninsula?A.) Japan and IndonesiaB.) Japan and ChinaC.) North Korea and South KoreaD.) North Vietnam and South Vietnam
Why are the Himalayas called the "roof of the world"?A.) The worlds highest mountains are found hereB.) they are very easy to travel thoughC.) they are so rugged that no people can live thereD.) little water comes out of the mountains
Which river flows through India and empties into the Bay of Bengal?A.) GangesB.) IndusC.) YangtzeD.) Mekong
Which is the MOST LIKELY reason that some of the largest deserts in the world are found north of the Himalayas?A.) No water can be found there B.) The year round cold temperatures led to the creation of the desertsC.) Years of poor farming led to erosion of the soil andthe gradual formation of desert D.) The high mountains and plateaus block rains and moisture that would come from the seas to the south