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Critical Thinking Book Review


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This presentation by Dan Gutterud, a graduate student at Bemidji State University, is a review of the book--How to Improve Student Learning--by Dr. Richard Paul and Dr. Linda Elder. Be sure to visit …

This presentation by Dan Gutterud, a graduate student at Bemidji State University, is a review of the book--How to Improve Student Learning--by Dr. Richard Paul and Dr. Linda Elder. Be sure to visit the blog at and visit the wiki at to read more about critical thinking

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  • 1. Book review for ED 6117
    by Dan Gutterud
    Summer 2009
    A Miniature Guide (For Those Who Teach) On How to Improve Student Learning30 Practical Ideas
    Dr. Richard Paul
    Dr. Linda Elder
  • 2.
    • Educational psychologist
    • 3. President of the Foundation for Critical Thinking
    • 4. Executive Director of the Center for Critical Thinking
    • 5. Taught college level psychology and critical thinking
    • 6. Presented to more than 20,000 educators
    • 7. Co-author of four books, eighteen guides, and a column on critical thinking (“Fellows of the foundation”)
    Dr. Richard Paul
    Research and Professional Development at the Center for Critical Thinking, Director
    National Council for Excellence in Critical Thinking, Chair
    Author of eight books and 200+ articles on the subject.
    University professor for over 20 years.
    Recipient of numerous honors and awards (“Fellows of the foundation”)
    Dr. Linda Elder
  • 8. Critical Thinking
    “It is important for students be placed in situations in which they must apply what they are learning to personal experiences and situations”(Wetzel, 2008).
    Image from
  • 9. Critical Thinking
    “No matter what your circumstance or goals, no matter where you are, or what problems you face, you are better off if your thinking is skilled. As a manager, leader, employee, citizen, lover, friend, parent — in every realm and situation of your life — good thinking pays off”(Elder & Paul, 2001).
    Image from
  • 10. My Top Ten Practical Ideas for Improving Student Learning
    Of the 30 ideas in the book, these are the ten that I will focus on the most with my students. The ideas are numbered as they are in the book.
  • 11. Idea #6Think of Yourself as a Coach
  • 12. Idea #2
    to think
    about their
    Image from
  • 13. Idea #15Ask questions
    that probe
    Richard Paul image from
  • 14. Idea #4Use engaged lecture
    Image from
  • 15. Idea #12Design instruction so students engage in routine practice in internalizing
    and applying the concepts they are learning
    (and in evaluating their understanding of each)
    Image from
  • 16. Idea #29Use tactics
    that encourage active learning
    Image from
  • 17. Idea #27Design tests with the improvement
    of student thinking in mind
    Image from
  • 18. Idea #18
    Bring intellectual standards into daily use
    graphic from
  • 19. Idea #9Make course work intensive for students not you
    Image from
  • 20. Idea #10Relate content to issues, problems& practical situations in the lives of students
    Image from
    Be sure to go to my blog on this topic at:
    Please weigh in with your thoughts on critical thinking.
    Also, visitmy wiki at:
  • 22. References:
    Elder, L. & Paul, R. (2001). Becoming a critic of your thinking. Retrieved June 16, 2009 from
    Elder, L. & Paul, R. (2002). How to improve student learning: 30 practical ideas. DillonBeach, CA: The Foundation of Critical Thinking.
    Fellows of the foundation for critical thinking: Dr. linda elder. (n.d.). Retrieved June 19, 2009 from
    Fellows of the foundation for critical thinking: Dr.richardpaul. (n.d.). Retrieved June 19, 2009 from
    Hoffman, S., John, E., Sellards, J. (2006) I don’t feel like Dancin’ [Recorder by Scissor Sisters]. On Tah-Dah [iTunes download]. London: Polydor.
    Letterman, D. (Speaker). (n.d.). I have here a copy of tonight’s top 10 list (wav file). Retrieved June 20, 2009 from
    Wetzel, D.R. (2008). 10 math teaching tips for elementary school. Retrieved June 8, 2009 from 10_math_teaching_tips_for_elementary_school#ixzz0JB6ZEgVj&C