Classroom Management


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Classroom Management

  1. 1. Classroom Management, Control & Discipline EDPS 410 Major Project Krysten Klein & Tanya Young
  2. 2. Legal and Ethical Implications for Teachers in Classroom Management, Control, & Discipline. Teachers have used many different strategies and techniques over the past several years when implementing classroom management. According to research, classroom management involves several components that needs to be addressed by the teacher. Some of these strategies include preventative, corrective, and positive support techniques (Elliot, Kerr, Levin, & Nolan, 2012). Teachers need to be knowledgeable about the legal and ethical issues when managing the students in their classrooms. Teachers have legal and ethical standards to which they must uphold to, in order to avoid violating the rights of the students in their classrooms and their school.
  3. 3. Classroom Management and Control
  4. 4. What is Classroom Management? "Classroom management is a thoughtful and purposeful process consisting of actions teachers take to create an environment conducive to learning." (Garrett, 2013, pg. 47)
  5. 5. Why is Classroom Management Important? As teachers we have a legal and moral obligation to keep our students safe and to provide them with an appropriate learning environment (Cooper 2014). Classroom management is an important part of creating a safe and effective learning environment for the students. At the beginning of the year, it is imperative that the teacher set up classroom rules and routines. In addition, the teacher must establish appropriate consequences for misbehaviours within their legal and ethical boundaries.
  6. 6. Myths on Classroom Management -If the lessons are engaging there will be no discipline problems. -Effective teachers don't have discipline problems. -Attention needs to be on instruction not discipline. -School code of conduct is an appropriate discipline plan for your classroom. (Boyd, 2012)
  7. 7. Facts on Classroom Management -Different strategies work for different students. -Classroom management impacts the learning environment. -Relationships are key. -Classroom management begins with the physical layout of the classroom. (EDPS 310)
  8. 8. Establishing Classroom Management How can we as teachers establish classroom management in our classroom? • Setting up the physical layout of the classroom. • Developing rules and routines. • Developing relationships with the students. • Plan and implement engaging instruction. • Address discipline issues when they arise. (Garrett, 2013, pg. 48)
  9. 9. Law & Ethics What Laws Apply to The Teaching Profession?
  10. 10. Criminal Code of Canada Section 43: “Every schoolteacher, parent or person standing in the place of a parent is justified in using force by way of correction toward a pupil or child, as the case may be, who is under his care, if the force does not exceed what is reasonable under the circumstances.” (Criminal Code of Canada)
  11. 11. Charter of Rights and Freedoms: Fundamental Freedoms According to the Charter, everyone has the following fundamental freedoms: (a) freedom of conscience and religion; (b) freedom of thought, belief, opinion and expression, including freedom of the press and other media of communication; (c) freedom of peaceful assembly; and (d) freedom of association.
  12. 12. Charter of Rights and Freedoms Section 8: “Everyone has the right to be secure against unreasonable search or seizure.” Section 12: “Everyone has the right not to be given cruel and unusual punishment.”
  13. 13. The Education Act Part 1 Access to Education Right of access to education Every person (a) who at September 1 in a year is 6 years of age or older and younger than 21 years of age, is entitled to have access in that school year to an education program in accordance with this Act.
  14. 14. Declaration of Teachers Rights and Responsibilities • The Principle of in loco parentis: • This principle states that a teacher is responsible for the student in the same manner as a caring and loving parent. As a teacher, your are liable if your standard of care causes harm to your student. However, if your standard of care is that of a reasonable parent-child relationship, you would be covered under this principle. • Negligence: • Teachers are required to adhere by a standard of “reasonable” care that is similar to that of a “prudent parent”. A teacher can be deemed negligent if they do not follow the elements established by law: • • • • • Duty of Care Owed (either by legislation or by expectations place on the teacher by school). Did the teacher fail to exercise “reasonable care?” Did the lack of care cause the injury? If the plaintiff was injured, what are the extent of the injuries?” How did the behaviour of the plaintiff contribute to the injury?
  15. 15. Con’t: Teachers Rights and Responsibilities • Teaching Duties: • “Teachers have the right to base diagnosis, planning, methodology and evaluation on professional knowledge and skills, and have the responsibility to review their own level of competence and effectiveness and to seek necessary improvements as part of a continuing process of professional development.” (Declaration of Rights and Responsibilities Document, 2013)
  16. 16. Code of Professional Conduct This is the minimum standard of what a teacher needs to abide by when conducting themselves in the school. For more information please click here: /Teachers-as-Professionals/IM4E%20Code%20of%20Professional%20Conduct.pdf
  17. 17. Discipline & Punishment
  18. 18. Punishment Should inappropriate behaviour result in punishment?? 2 Ethical Principles affected by Punishment: 1. Nonmaleficence: No harm. 2. Beneficence: Students best interests.
  19. 19. Zero-Tolerance • Severe and punitive punishment. • Goes against the students ‘right to an education’ which is stated in the Education School Act. Is a Zero-Tolerance policy effective if it results in suspending the students from school? Does this benefit the students?
  20. 20. Suspensions • Suspensions should only be considered when all other forms of discipline have been tried and have not succeeded. • Due Process states that certain procedures need to be followed before you can suspend or expel a student. • For example, the student is entitled to a meeting with their school administration as well as they have the right to be notified as to why they are being suspended. (Redfield, 2001)
  21. 21. Strategies for Teachers
  22. 22. Teaching Strategies for Classroom Management -CALM Model: Consider Act Lessen Manage -Self-Monitoring -Non Verbal Communication: Proximity Eye contact Facial Expression
  23. 23. Teaching Strategies for Classroom Management -Verbal Interventions • Questions • Hints • Requests/Demands -Non Violent Crisis Intervention -Physical arrangement of the classroom -Rules and Routines -Lesson Planning -Anecdotal Record Keeping -The Umbrella Approach