Writing Project Proposals


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  • A project proposal will be clearly arranged so that readers can follow a logical progression of thought to the conclusion.
  • Preliminary Proposal-They are usually in the form of a letter of intent or a brief abstract of what the PI plans to do, how the PI will conduct the project and why this project has merit.Formal Proposal-A formal proposal normally fits into one of the following categories.
  • Unsolicited Proposal-The unsolicited proposal is developed around general agency guidelines, within a specific subject field, where the scope of the project is not limited by specific solicitation guidelines.
  • Continuation Proposals- This type of proposal confirms the original proposal and funding requirements of the multi-year project.
  • Statement of the Problem-In a grant proposal, it consists of the specific question to be answered, a brief explanation of the need for or significance of the study, and an explanation of how the results will contribute to the existing body of knowledge.
  • Conceptual Framework-What theories or concepts will guide the study? How or why do they suggest the specific hypotheses or research questions? What are the strengths and weaknesses of the proposed framework?
  • Methodology-The description of the proposed methodology should contain enough detail to indicate that the offerer knows what he/she is doing.
  • Writing Project Proposals

    1. 1. By: Group 7
    2. 2.  Project proposals are documents designed to present a plan of action, outline the reasons why the action is necessary, and convince the reader to agree with and approve the implementation of the actions recommended in the body of the document.
    3. 3. Pre-Proposal, Preliminary Proposal  This type of proposal is requested when a sponsor wishes to minimize an applicant’s effort in preparing a full proposal. Formal Proposal  Although the prescribed format of any of these proposals will vary, all should be prepared in the same general manner.
    4. 4. Unsolicited Proposal  This type of proposal is submitted to a sponsor that generally has not issued a specific solicitation but is believed by the investigator to have an interest in the subject. Solicited Proposal  A proposal submitted to a specific program should conform to the solicitation guidelines issued by the agency.
    5. 5. Continuation or Non-Competing Proposals  This is a request for financial assistance for a second or subsequent budget period within a previously approved project period. Renewal or Competing Proposals  These types of proposals are requests for continued support for an existing project that is about to terminate, and from the sponsor’s viewpoint, generally have the same status as an unsolicited proposal.
    6. 6. Supplemental Proposal  A supplemental proposal is a request for an increase in support during a current budget period for expansion of the project's scope or research protocol or to meet increased administrative costs unforeseen at the time of the new, non-competing continuation, or competing continuation application.
    7. 7. Statement of the Problem  This section should include a clear and concise statement of the purpose or goal of the project. Literature Review  A proposal should reflect the offerer's understanding of relevant bodies of literature and where his/her study fits in that context.
    8. 8. Conceptual Framework  In this section, the offerer provides his/her own perspective. Hypotheses or Research Questions  Following the description of the conceptual framework, there should be a clear, crisp statement of the research hypotheses, or, in the case of some qualitative studies, a concise description of the phenomena to be examined.
    9. 9. Methodology  10. This section consists of a description of plans for collecting and analyzing the data. Task Structure (Scope of Work)  9. This section indicates exactly what will be done, the sequence of the various activities, and the products of deliverables that will be prepared.
    10. 10. Management Plan  12. A crucial part of the plan is a creative and effective approach to project management.  The approach should indicate who will be responsible for each part of the work, and who will be responsible for overall coordination. Staff and Institutional Qualifications  13. This section includes a full discussion of the qualifications and experience of the proposed staff.  Sometimes it is useful to include brief summaries of the staff experience in the management plan and to attach complete resumes for each member of the team as appendices to the proposal.
    11. 11. Budget  The project budget should include clear and reasonable estimates of the costs of each element of the project, and there should be enough supporting information to indicate how the estimates were developed. A final note about good proposals  Quality writing is critical in all good proposals.  It should be clear, concise, and free of jargon.  There should be no spelling or grammatical errors, and the proposal should be easy to read.
    12. 12. References  http://www.centenary.edu/research/prop osal/elements  http://osp.utah.edu/policies/handbook/pr oposal-development/
    13. 13. Members: Vincent Abella Alika Asupan Fernando Angelo Almeda ATW