Non fiction text.may 6.presentationPresentation Transcript
Welcome to Informational Text:Curriculum Connections Nonfiction Songfrom: www.readingpowergear.com
Purpose: To improve student comprehension of informational text. Guiding Question: In your experience, what aspects of nonfiction text pose particular challenges for students? What strategies might be effective to help students meet these challenges?
DID YOU KNOW? “Nonfiction makes up approximately 85 percent of the reading done in middle school, high school, and adult daily life” (Snowball, 1995).
DID YOU KNOW? 95% of writing in real-life is for the purposes of informing/describing and persuading, yet kids most frequently spend time writing personal non-fiction narratives and retelling. (Snead, IRA Conference, April 2010)
Therefore…. The new LA Common Core standards (and standardized tests) place stronger emphasis on nonfiction
Why do we teach nonfiction? Provides key to success in later schooling Prepares students to handle real-life reading Appeals to readers’ preferences Addresses student questions and interest Builds knowledge Boosts vocabulary
fiction nonfiction Fiction and Nonfiction are not equal Most of the reading we do in the world is nonfiction comes in many forms. Gear, Nonfiction Reading Power (p. 19)
Accessing Prior KnowledgePreviewing Predicting Questioning Brainstorming Setting Purpose Vocabulary Pre-Reading Activities Reading assignment given Reading and monitoring comprehension Students read passage independently Retelling Summarizing Reflecting Clarifying Extending Do projects or answer a set of questions to determine understanding Traditional Reading Instruction Research Based Reading Instruction
Text Structure/Organization “Research indicates that a student’s comprehension improves with explicit instruction about information text structure. Consequently, it is important that students receive explicit instruction in both the elements and structures of informational text. Such instruction can help students become comfortable and familiar with the ‘academic language’ needed for understanding information text and talking about it with others” (Marinak, B. & Gambrell, L, 2009) Structure is key to comprehension.
Nonfiction Text Features Labels Captions Charts Diagrams Bold, italic print Graphs Bullets Table of Contents Glossaries
Text Feature Anchor Charts
Text Feature Hunt caption Students search for and label text features using post-its.
Text Feature Hunt Copy pages of a book and make a panel (lay the book pages out). Students are given directions such as 1) use your purple marker and find the title 2) take your orange marker and find a diagram.... Text Feature Wall Text Mapping
Fiction or Nonfiction? Fiction Nonfiction Show students fiction and nonfiction books – read through them and compare them. List similarities and differences. Create Venn diagrams, do word sorts with features from the types of text …. This feature tells me that….
Text Features Dictionary Students create personal dictionaries of text features. Pictures from Reading Power by Adrienne Gear
Text Feature Strategies PEEK THIEVES PRE-READING ORGANIZER (balloons)
Nonfiction Structures Sequence/ Timeline Compare and Contrast Cause and Effect Problem Solution Description www.davidson.k12.nc.us/mckeown/mckeown.html
VOCABULARY INSTRUCTION http://www.scoe.org/pub/htdocs/archer-videos.html Explain Restate Show Discuss Refine/Reflect Apply
Reflection Place in basket on table. Exit Slip 1 thing you learned today. 2 thing you still have questions about. 3 things you want to learn more about. Today’s information can be found at: U: Shared Curriculum 00 Elementary Reading-Language Arts InformationalText_May6
"Being able to skim, scan, interpret, summarize, visualize, compare, draw thoughtful conclusions, and understand nonfiction texts is critical to becoming a well educated, thoughtful citizen“ (Routman, 2000)
Teaching students to learn from nonfiction textbooks teaches them how to learn for life (Moss, 2005).