370 april 27 media knowledge 2

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  • 1. Media relations370
    Dealing with journalists
  • 2. Put on your journalism hat
    Parking dispute at a new suburban restaurant
    Ohio veterans missing out on bonuses
    Patient literacy on medical issues is low
    Midwest Storm Update
    Supply shortage in Medicaid home-care waivers
    Police looking for carjackers who killed a woman the day after Christmas
    Baseball and softball games rained out before state playoffs
    Professor creates app to take attendance
    12-year old Delaware Ohio murder suspect may not be mentally able enough to stand trial.
  • 3. Put on your journalism hat
    4. Midwest Storm Update
    7. Baseball and softball games rained out before state playoffs
    2. Ohio veterans missing out on bonuses
    3. Patient literacy on medical issues is low
    5. Supply shortage in Medicaid home-care waivers
    9. 12-year old Delaware Ohio murder suspect may not be mentally able enough to stand trial.
    6. Police looking for carjackers who killed a woman the day after Christmas
    Parking dispute at a new suburban restaurant
    8. Professor creates app to take attendance
  • 4. Reaching the media
    • Identifying the correct medium is essential
    • 5. Be sure information is relevant to the medium and its audience
    • 6. Send it to the correct, current contact person (i.e., editor or reporter)
  • databases
    • Media organization name
    • 7. Mailing address
    • 8. Telephone and fax number
    • 9. E-mail addresses
    • 10. Names of key editors and reporters
    • 11. Twitter handles or Facebook
  • Editorial calendars
    • Provide information about what will be covered in certain issues of a publication
    • 12. Often set a year in advance
    • 13. Many keep same special issues from year to year
  • Tip sheets
    • Weekly newsletters that report on
    • 14. Changes in news personnel and their assignments
    • 15. How to contact them
    • 16. What kinds of material they’re looking for
  • How do you contact folks?
    • E-mail
    • 17. 83% of journalists prefer e-mail as a way to receive information
    • 18. No kidding, it’s easy to not open an email
    • 19. Online newsrooms
    • 20. Makes information readily available to journalists, but is passive
    • 21. Electronic wire services
    • 22. Often used by corporations to fulfill SEC regulations
    • 23. Sent simultaneously to the database of reporters
  • Why is this important?
    • Surveys show that media relations is the primary responsibility of most PR pros
    • 24. PR practitioners are the main contact between organizations and the media
    • 25. PR pros and journalists have a love/hate relationship
    • 26. There’s low trust, but each knows they need the other
  • The media needs pr
    • The Media’s Dependence on Public Relations
    • 27. Most of what appears in the media is linked to PR in some way
    • 28. Studies found that 60% to 90% of news comes from news releases, tips, interviews set up by PR pros, etc. Press releases are “information subsidies”
    • 29. They save media time, money, and effort
    • 30. PR pros are media’s “unpaid reporters”
  • Pr needs the media
    • Media are a cost-efficient channel to reach diverse publics
    • 31. Media gatekeepers are perceived as more objective than PR people
    • 32. Journalists serve as third-party endorsers
    • 33. Media provide credibility to PR messages
  • Why can’t we get along?
    • Hype and news release spam
    • 34. Journalists complain of poorly written releases
    • 35. Excessive unsolicited contacts PR pros who don’t know their product/service
    • 36. Repeated calls
    • 37. Unavailable spokespeople
    • 38. Unmet deadlines
    • 39. The news is appropriate to the medium/reporter
  • Why can’t we get along?
    • Is the news is appropriate to the medium/reporter
    • 40. Executives believe journalists are biased
    • 41. They argue that reporters lack understanding of the industry they’re covering
    • 42. PR pros say sloppy reporting leads to inaccuracies
    • 43. Tabloid journalism
    • 44. Advertising influence: Some publications let advertisers influence news content, leading to skeptical media consumers
  • How to play nicemedia interviews
    • When reporters call, interview them first
    • 45. Know the purpose of the interview
    • 46. Be prepared for questions, know your facts
    • 47. Don’t be combative, arrogant, evasive. If you don’t know the answer, it’s OK. Just explain when and how you can find the answer.
    • 48. Get your message/talking points across
    • 49. The best PR pros think like reporters….
  • How to play nice The news conference
    • Don’t use reporters for routine announcements
    • 50. Allow all media information simultaneously
    • 51. Allow follow-up questions
    • 52. Schedule at a good time for reporters
    • 53. Select a location that accommodates reporters’ technical needs
  • How to play nice:news conference
    • Invite reporters 10 to 14 days in advance, if possible
    • 54. Establish schedule and rules for the conference
    • 55. Spokespeople should remain available afterwards
    • 56. Webinars/teleconference.
    • 57. Ustream…
  • How to play nicemedia tour
    • Personal visits to various media
    • 58. Look for local angle to get best coverage
    • 59. Builds relationships
    • 60. PR plans, schedules, coordinates, prepares talking points
    • 61. This can be done via satellite and through radio as well.
  • How to play niceother ideas
    • Previews and parties
    • 62. Opening of facility
    • 63. Launch of a product
    • 64. Announce a new promotional campaign
    • 65. Press junkets
    • 66. Press tours/trips
    • 67. Ethics of free trips
    • 68. Must be legitimate news angle
    • 69. With bloggers, all bets can be off
  • How to play niceother ideas
    • Editorial board meetings
    • 70. Contact editor to request a meeting
    • 71. Great way to build relationship with gatekeepers
    • 72. Great way to build third party endorsements
    • 73. People don’t use this enough
    • 74. Conferences
    • 75. Use to garner support
    • 76. Use to state a case,
    • 77. Use to introduce something
    • 78. Great for media and your target audience
  • Media relations checklist
    • Know your media
    • 79. Localize
    • 80. Be available/responsive
    • 81. Be honest and fair
    • 82. Be sensitive to deadlines
    • 83. Be persistent, not annoying
    • 84. Be wary of offering free stuff
  • Stuff the book doesn’t tell you
    • Reporters are people too.
    • 85. Being nice is a two-way street.
    • 86. There are consequences for breaking the rules.
  • Stuff the book doesn’t tell you
    • The media world is changing…maybe not for the better.
    • 87. TV people are writing for print.
    • 88. Print people are shooting and editing video.
    • 89. Media staffing sizes are in decline.
    • 90. More work…fewer people=mistakes
    • 91. Planning can go out the window.
    • 92. So too can continuing education.
    The media is a beast that
    requires constant feeding.
  • 93. Stuff the book doesn’t tell you
    • How should you react to changing media?
    • 94. Be there when you don’t need them.
    • 95. Be there when they need you, even if it doesn’t directly apply to your mission’s aim. Being there will pay dividends down the line.
    • 96. Offer everything in one location…save me time
    • 97. Have the CEO
    • 98. Have someone to humanize the story
    • 99. This about breakouts and web links…
    • 100. Think about good video
    This is why we build a media kit
  • 101. Stuff the book doesn’t tell you
    • Bloggers are a different animal.
    • 102. They seek relationships in a larger scale.
    • 103. Some reporters only think about the next news cycle
    • 104. Bloggers are more apt to test products out, thought they must disclose this in their blog.
    • 105. Bloggers don’t have deadline or editorial gatekeepers.
    • 106. Bloggers have a much more targeted message.
  • Stuff the book doesn’t tell you
    • There are three ways I target bloggers
    • 107. www.technorati.com
    • 108. www.blogged.com
    • 109. Good old fashioned grunt work
    • 110. What blogs are bloggers reading?
    • 111. RSS feeds
    • 112. Follow the trail….
    • 113. Bloggers can be your best friend or worst enemy.
    • 114. Prepare for both.
  • CRISIS COMMUNICATION EMERGENCY CHECKLIST
    • PR Emergency Headquarters created. The PR Director stays here and supervises designated staff.
    • 115. Notification and liaison.
    • 116. Internal: Notify CEO and other top officials on a need to know basis.
    • 117. External: Notify the media, law enforcement, government agencies, next of kin (announce names to public after notification or within 24 hours.
  • CRISIS COMMUNICATION
    Prepare Media Materials
    1. Have company backgrounder, fact sheet and bios of officers already prepared on the company website.
    2. Prepare basic news release on crisis as soon as possible (one-hour rule)
    • Include all known facts (who, what, where when, NOT NOT NOT NOT NOT why...avoid fault)
    • 118. Be certain information is accurate
    • 119. Clear release with senior management, legal department and personnel department.
    • 120. Issue release to media, employees, community leaders, insurance company and government agencies. Get it on the website. Use fax and email.
  • Crisis communication
    3. Issue timely statements in an ongoing crisis.
    4. Use one-voice principle-information only from official organizational statements.
    5. Use full disclosure, but don’t admit fault. Let investigators investigate. Cooperate with those investigators.
  • 121. Crisis communicationpublic info center
    1.Establish a public information center somewhere within the PR HQ
    2.Respond to phone, email and social media inquiries. 3. If you don’t know the answer, it’s OK. Explain how you will get the info and release it to the public.
    4. Hold meetings with groups as needed to clarify misinformation.
    5.Have a call center if needed.
    6.Direct company employees to make no unauthorized statements.
  • 122. Crisis communication media info center
    1. Designate a place where the media can gather. Know they’ll be all over the place anyway. Know they will try and bypass the one-voice principle
    2. Try and create some distance from the PR HQ. You’ll need the space. Close, but not too close.
    3. Have a sole spokesperson on duty day and night.
  • 123. Crisis communicationwhat I wish I knew
    1.You have never appreciate the chaos.
    2.You can never underestimate how important separation is of the media center and PR HQ.
    The more you plan, the better it goes. 4
    4. Consider set press conferences every few hours.
    .This helps dispel rumors the media will uncover.
    This symbolizes you’re working.
    This gives a chance to get various stakeholders in front of the camera to present one voice.
  • 124. In class assignment
    This is due Monday at 5:00.
    Write and Op ed for your client.
    Look back on the notes that distinguis the tone and style.
    You may have to find a different subject.
    Be persistent if needed.
    Write a feature for your client.
    Look back at the notes.
    Identify something that distinguishes your client.
    Have fun with this style of writing.
  • 125. In class assignment
    Slug your word files “Last Name_oped” and “Last Name_Feature.”
    Email me your assignments to farkasd@ohio.edu
    I will be available via Skype “Dan.Farkas1,” email and phone.