1. Carter 1Daniel CarterMrs. MaxwellBritish Literature3rd November 2011 The Carpet Industry Carpet is something taken for granted every day, it is walked on and feels warmunderneath ones feet, right? This may be true, however this carpet has been designed,manufactured and installed by professionals that make a living out of something so simple.Throughout history carpets have evolved from fine Persian carpets walked on by princes tocarpet many people have in their living rooms today. Carpets have been around for thousands ofyears and have been manufactured by many huge civilizations such as the Egyptians, theChinese and many more. The industrial world would not be where it is today without Carpets.The economies of many countries rely heavily on the carpet industry. For being a simple productcarpet has an elaborate history involving the different types of carpet weaving, the differentmaterials used to manufacture carpet, the difference between carpets from different regions ofthe world, the installation process and many other suprises. Carpet weaving has differed in manyways since the beginning. The oldest carpet was discovered in a frozen tomb and is estimated to be over 2,000 yearsold, the carpet was made with a knotting technique that was used all throughout the middle ages
2. Carter 2(Read). Woven Carpet is manufactured on a loom and is woven to be either plush or berber(About Carpet). Plush carpet has a cut pile, meaning the woven material comes straight up andappears to be cut (Carpet). Whereas berber carpet comes out of the backing and re-enters atanother point, some call this looped carpet (Carpet). A more technologically advanced carpet isthe needlefelt carpet which is produced using the electrical attraction between individual fibers(About Carpet). This provides for a very strong, durable carpet. Tufted carpet is made by havingthe pile injected into a backing material which is then also attached to another backing material(Carpet). This is the most common type of carpet used in the United States. The Axminsterprocess is a very efficient way of producing carpet, it uses a loom to feed yarn into a backing(Axminster Carpets). These looms are electronically operated and are capable of incorporatingmany colors into a piece of carpet. The Axminster process is fairly new in terms of history and ismuch more efficient than any other process; this is why it is used by the carpet industry giantssuch as Brintons Carpets and Thai Peng (Burrows). Carpet has a number of ways to be producedhowever what materials does it take for this to be possible? The Axminster process requires an 80 to 20 ratio, 80% wool and 20% nylon (Burrows).Many fibers can be used in the manufacturing of carpet, these fibers are often chosen accordingto cost, appearance, durability and ease of manufacturing (About Carpet). 90% of thecommercial market uses nylon, wool or polypropylene these are both very cost effectivematerials compared to others (About Carpet). Nylon is a material that can be dyed very easilyand is very durable, this accounts for the wide use of nylon in carpet manufacturing (Carpet).Polypropylene is another fiber that is used in many carpets throughout the world. This fiber is
3. Carter 3very inexpensive and is very durable, however it is not easily dyed which means vibrant colorscannot be used in the dyeing process (Carpet). Wool is a common material in carpetmanufacturing. Wool is commonly combined with nylon to make the ultimate carpet, thecombination is extremely durable and is easily dyed making it the perfect combination, (AboutCarpet). Polyester is a material used in mid to low priced carpeting. Polyester came into playwhen the price of raw materials rose in early 2000 (Carpet). Polyester is stain resistant and veryinexpensive however it has a tendency to crush and mat down very easily making it not a verydurable carpet (Carpet). Materials used and weaving styles differ depending on the region of theworld in which they came from. Carpet has been a product produced all over the world for many centuries by all differentcultures. The Egyptians have been making carpet for a very long time. Egyptian carpets havevery geometric designs and are usually woven with wool (Carpet Manufacturing Process).Chinese rugs and carpets have been manufactures since early 17th century, the carpets were madefor Emperor Ch’ung Chen (About Carpet). Turkey also is a major country for carpet production.Turkish carpets have elaborate patterns, motifs and use exuberant colors, these carpets are said tobe second finest in the world (About Carpet). The finest carpets in the world originate from Iran,(About Carpet). Iran is the largest producer of carpet in the world, accounting for one third of theworlds carpet, (About Carpet). Another major contributor to the carpet industry is Great Britain.The town of Kidderminster which lies 20 miles east of Birmingham City has served as a carpetweaving center for Great Britain (Burrows). Axminster carpets are the main production ofKidderminster today but are relatively new to the carpet industry (Burrows). As well as the
4. Carter 4manufacturing the carpet there is some other turmoil to go through before the process iscomplete, this turmoil is installation. The installation of the carpet is what makes a good carpet look great. Carpet is commonlymade to be in widths of 15ft and 12ft (About Carpet). Obviously carpet cannot be manufacturedto fit an exact area perfectly; cuts and seams will have to be made. A seam is where two separatepieces of carpet can be put together to look like one whole piece. Carpet is fitted to the floor of aspace on top of a rubber underlay using nails, gripper rods and adhesives, (50 Random Factsabout Carpet). Some carpets in the United Kingdom are made to be very thin with a width of 27inches, typically used in pubs and clubs (About Carpet). Carpet that does fit a space exactly iscalled “wall to wall” carpet (About Carpet). The carpet industry has many other aspects to itsome that are very surprising. The term carpet comes from the Latin word “carpere” which means to pluck (50 RandomFacts about Carpet). This was used because carpet is made with plucked fibers (50 RandomFacts about Carpet). The popular term “Carpe Diem” has the same root as carpet, meaning pluckor seize the day (50 Random Facts about Carpet). Many people have the trouble ofdistinguishing the difference between a rug and a carpet. The official rule is that anything overthe size of 40 square feet is considered a carpet anything under that is a rug (50 Random Factsabout Carpet). Red carpets are commonly used to represent royalty. A long, thin red carpet isusually rolled out for people of importance to walk on, this first came into use with Agamemnonaround 480 B.C. (50 Random Facts about Carpet). Carcinogens from cigarettes are captured incarpet and have been known to cause lung cancer in cats, dogs and children (50 Random Facts
5. Carter 5about Carpet). It’s not only carcinogens that get caught up in carpet. Fleas, dust, skin flakes, andeven diseases can be contained in carpet for over four months, (50 Random Facts about Carpet).The carpet industry is very elaborate. So carpet is warm under your feet and feels comfy, but there is so much more to thissimple product. This industry has contributed a lot to the economy of the United States and manyother countries. The carpet industry has evolved in many ways such as; carpet being hand wovento being made with a loom, and the use of a seaming machine instead of two pieces of carpetbeing sewed together. Different materials used, the different types of weaving, the installationprocess and many more aspects contribute to the giant carpet industry which contributes to amajor portion of the US economy. Is it not crazy how something so simple can consist of somany aspects?