Virt Cloud.4

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A presentation I made at a SUNY conference, this one discusses our efforts in moving more towards a \'cloud\' computing model.

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Virt Cloud.4

  1. 1. ITEC -TOWARD CLOUD COMPUTING Dan Brint: Dan@itec.suny.edu OAS 1Sunday, November 21, 2010
  2. 2. AGENDA Retrospective Operations and SOPs Performance Engineering ‘Cloud’ Computing ITEC’s Cloud Strategy 2Sunday, November 21, 2010
  3. 3. RETROSPECTIVE •A little history (close your eyes for 3 minutes if you must) 3Sunday, November 21, 2010
  4. 4. •Services @ITEC (a +20 year evolution) • We now directly provide technical support for Confluence, @task and Elluminate as u-wide programs. RETROSPECTIVE !  "#$%&'( !  ")'#$*+,( -./0'1/( !  -234$#'( 56/0#678*2+( -8))2#0( !  "#$%&'( !  ")'#$*+,( -./0'1/( 9'120'( -'#:6%'( ! -08;'+0(<+=2#1$*2+( -./0'1/( ! >8/6+'//(<+0'&&6,'+%'( ! ?67#$#.(9'%2#;/(@,10( ! 56/0$+%'(?'$#+6+,( ! A+0'#)#6/'(B<C<( ! A+0'#)#6/'(D#2E(@,10( F2/*+,( 4Sunday, November 21, 2010
  5. 5. •Virtualization @ITEC •Storage (2000): EVA, Shark, DS4500, HP24000, Equallogic •Server (2002): pSeries,VMWare, OVM •Network (200X): vlans, multiple ISPs, BGP RETROSPECTIVE 5Sunday, November 21, 2010
  6. 6. •Why did we virtualize? • Hardware, power & cooling savings via consolidation • Efficiencies in technology management • Take advantage of the educational cycle (LMS, Library, SIS) • Consolidation of not only technology but skill sets and expertise as well RETROSPECTIVE 6Sunday, November 21, 2010
  7. 7. • Our Banner on RAC POC • Working with SUNY’s strategic partners • Proved we could run Banner on virtualized / clustered Database and Application Server technologies • but ... Database Cluster (RAC) RAC Node1 db1 RAC Node2 db4 RAC Node3 db4 Banner on Linux n-tier db2 db2 db5 db3 db3 db3 WWW 01 Binghamton Buffalo State Dutchess JCC Nassau SuffolkDB10 DB 9 SICAS DB 8 OldWestbur DB 1 Binghamton DB 7 Niagara DB 6 NewPaltz Dutchess Buffalo State JCC Nassau DB 2 DB 3 DB 4 DB 5 Web tier INB and SSB Banner tier gurjobs, command line ‘stuff’ Database tier databases RAC NodeY db10 db9 RAC NodeZ db2 db1 db1 db10 Old WestburyNewPaltz NewPaltz Niagara Old Westbury WWW 02 Binghamton Buffalo State Dutchess JCC Nassau NewPaltz Niagara Old Westbury WWW 03 Binghamton Buffalo State Dutchess JCC Nassau NewPaltz Niagara Old Westbury WWW x Binghamton Buffalo State Dutchess JCC Nassau NewPaltz Niagara Old Westbury WWW y Binghamton Buffalo State Dutchess JCC Nassau NewPaltz Niagara Old Westbury WWW z Binghamton Buffalo State Dutchess JCC Nassau NewPaltz Niagara Old Westbury Niagara Binghamton Buffalo State Dutchess JCC SICAS Suffolk SICAS Suffolk SICAS Suffolk SICAS Suffolk SICAS Suffolk SICAS Suffolk SICAS Suffolk Nassau 7Sunday, November 21, 2010
  8. 8. • Objective look at our apps and business needs • No single app needed more compute power beyond a single x86 server and no apps had true 24 x 7 x 365 uptime requirements • Chose database ‘virtualization’ via OVM instead of RAC • DBA team hesitant to jump into an emerging technology • Systems team confident and proficient withVM technology RETROSPECTIVE 8Sunday, November 21, 2010
  9. 9. RETROSPECTIVE •Let’s put that in our mental parking lot for a moment 9Sunday, November 21, 2010
  10. 10. OPERATIONS / SOPS •Towards a more consistent datacenter management experience 10Sunday, November 21, 2010
  11. 11. •Enterprise Manager as a tool for managing technology •EngagedTUSC to help with template development •Delivered Dashboards to SLN helpdesk (finally) OPERATIONS / SOPS 11Sunday, November 21, 2010
  12. 12. •@task as a tool for managing tasks •Confluence as a tool for managing knowledge OPERATIONS / SOPS 12Sunday, November 21, 2010
  13. 13. •Adoptions of Project Managers and project management methodologies •Organizing our projects and business processes •Reviewing and standardizing our operating procedures OPERATIONS / SOPS 13Sunday, November 21, 2010
  14. 14. •Long and short of it is that we are improving our services AND making our own lives more tolerable by documenting, standardizing and proceduralizing •Only after we have achieved this can we really look to automation to take it to the next level OPERATIONS / SOPS 14Sunday, November 21, 2010
  15. 15. OPERATIONS / SOPS •Put that in the parking lot too :) 15Sunday, November 21, 2010
  16. 16. PERFORMANCE ENGINEERING •Some enlightening work with SLN & ANGEL / Blackboard 16Sunday, November 21, 2010
  17. 17. •As a result of the ‘overwhelming’ success of ANGEL adoption during fall 2009 we sought to understand •SLN engaged Blackboard’s performance engineering team to help us better understand the past and predict the future PERFORMANCE ENGINEERING 17Sunday, November 21, 2010
  18. 18. • Analyzed our web logs • Determined peak loads (peak of peak) • Constructed simulations to test capacity, throughput, ... • Performed tests on a lab representing our new environment to find potential bottlenecks & efficiencies •FYI - No silver bullets (unexpected growth) PERFORMANCE ENGINEERING 18Sunday, November 21, 2010
  19. 19. •After the analysis was complete we performed what blackboard calls aTKT - a technical knowledge transfer. •I waited with bated breath* for this !!! PERFORMANCE ENGINEERING The phrase means anxiously or with great anticipation. I don't remember and can't find my source on this but I think that "Bated" is a shortened version of "abated", which means "to slow down". In the case of "bated breath" this would mean to slow down your breathing or hold your breath. Curiously, people hold their breath when in anticipation. Perhaps so as not to be distracted by breathing. "Bated" is no longer commonly used, causing people to believe the expression to be "with baited breath".This common misspelling leads to confusion and strange imagery. http://www.phrases.org.uk/bulletin_board/5/messages/14.html 19Sunday, November 21, 2010
  20. 20. “ It’s as though someone put the bloody SCIENCE back in Computer Science !!!! You know theories, hypothesis, tests, analysis, conclusions ... all that good stuff we did back in school ! ” PERFORMANCE ENGINEERING 20Sunday, November 21, 2010
  21. 21. •A couple of big takeaways from theTKT: •The science of performance engineering •Emphasis on process, language, communication •The resource commitment to implement •Potential as an internal resource we consume, a value add to our current customers, a standalone service we offer for anyone in SUNY. PERFORMANCE ENGINEERING 21Sunday, November 21, 2010
  22. 22. PERFORMANCE ENGINEERING •Another one goes into our mental parking lot 22Sunday, November 21, 2010
  23. 23. CLOUD COMPUTING •Good lord he went 15 minutes without saying cloud - now we’re in for it ???!!! •Time for some definitions 23Sunday, November 21, 2010
  24. 24. •Melissa Woo (University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee ) • “I find the term cloud computing to be extremely overloaded. In fact, a recent report by McKinsey & Company identified twenty-two different definitions for cloud computing.” • “A not-yet-perfect storm of technologies that allows one to consume services in blissful ignorance of what's under the hood and how to maintain it.” CLOUD COMPUTING 24Sunday, November 21, 2010
  25. 25. •Larry Ellison (Oracle) •"I can't think of anything that isn't cloud computing.... It's complete gibberish.... When is the idiocy going to stop?" CLOUD COMPUTING 25Sunday, November 21, 2010
  26. 26. •NIST (National Institute of Standards and Technology) Definition of Cloud Computing: Cloud computing is a model for enabling ubiquitous, convenient, on-demand network access to a shared pool of configurable computing resources (e.g., networks, servers, storage, applications, and services) that can be rapidly provisioned and released with minimal management effort or service provider interaction. This cloud model promotes availability and is composed of five essential characteristics, three service models, and four deployment models. http://csrc.nist.gov/groups/SNS/cloud-computing/ CLOUD COMPUTING 26Sunday, November 21, 2010
  27. 27. CLOUD COMPUTING 1. On-demand self-service A consumer can unilaterally provision computing capabilities, such as server time and network storage, as needed automatically without requiring human interaction with each service’s provider. 2. Broad network access Capabilities are available over the network and accessed through standard mechanisms that promote use by heterogeneous thin or thick client platforms (e.g., mobile phones, laptops, and PDAs). Characteristics 27Sunday, November 21, 2010
  28. 28. CLOUD COMPUTING 3. Resource pooling The provider’s computing resources are pooled to serve multiple consumers using a multi-tenant model, with different physical and virtual resources dynamically assigned and reassigned according to consumer demand.There is a sense of location independence in that the customer generally has no control or knowledge over the exact location of the provided resources but may be able to specify location at a higher level of abstraction (e.g., country, state, or datacenter). Examples of resources include storage, processing, memory, network bandwidth, and virtual machines. Characteristics 28Sunday, November 21, 2010
  29. 29. CLOUD COMPUTINGCharacteristics 4. Rapid elasticity Capabilities can be rapidly and elastically provisioned, in some cases automatically, to quickly scale out and rapidly released to quickly scale in.To the consumer, the capabilities available for provisioning often appear to be unlimited and can be purchased in any quantity at any time. 5. Measured Service Cloud systems automatically control and optimize resource use by leveraging a metering capability at some level of abstraction appropriate to the type of service (e.g., storage, processing, bandwidth, and active user accounts). Resource usage can be monitored, controlled, and reported providing transparency for both the provider and consumer of the utilized service. Characteristics 29Sunday, November 21, 2010
  30. 30. Service Models: •Software as a Service (SaaS) •Platform as a Service (PaaS) •Infrastructure as a Service (IaaS) CLOUD COMPUTING Think of them as decreasing levels of “blissful ignorance” 30Sunday, November 21, 2010
  31. 31. CLOUD COMPUTING 1. Software as a Service (SaaS) The capability provided to the consumer is to use the provider’s applications running on a cloud infrastructure.The applications are accessible from various client devices through a thin client interface such as a web browser (e.g., web-based email). The consumer does not manage or control the underlying cloud infrastructure including network, servers, operating systems, storage, or even individual application capabilities, with the possible exception of limited user-specific application configuration settings. ServiceModels 31Sunday, November 21, 2010
  32. 32. CLOUD COMPUTING 2. Platform as a Service (PaaS) The capability provided to the consumer is to deploy onto the cloud infrastructure consumer- created or acquired applications created using programming languages and tools supported by the provider. The consumer does not manage or control the underlying cloud infrastructure including network, servers, operating systems, or storage, but has control over the deployed applications and possibly application hosting environment configurations. ServiceModels 32Sunday, November 21, 2010
  33. 33. CLOUD COMPUTING 3. Infrastructure as a Service (IaaS) The capability provided to the consumer is to provision processing, storage, networks, and other fundamental computing resources where the consumer is able to deploy and run arbitrary software, which can include operating systems and applications. The consumer does not manage or control the underlying cloud infrastructure but has control over operating systems, storage, deployed applications, and possibly limited control of select networking components (e.g., host firewalls). ServiceModels 33Sunday, November 21, 2010
  34. 34. Deployment Models: •Private Cloud •Public Cloud •Hybrid Cloud •Community Cloud CLOUD COMPUTING 34Sunday, November 21, 2010
  35. 35. CLOUD COMPUTINGDeploymentModels 1. Private Cloud The cloud infrastructure is operated solely for an organization. It may be managed by the organization or a third party and may exist on premise or off premise. 2. Public Cloud The cloud infrastructure is made available to the general public or a large industry group and is owned by an organization selling cloud services. 35Sunday, November 21, 2010
  36. 36. CLOUD COMPUTINGDeploymentModels 3. Hybrid Cloud The cloud infrastructure is a composition of two or more clouds (private, community, or public) that remain unique entities but are bound together by standardized or proprietary technology that enables data and application portability (e.g., cloud bursting for load- balancing between clouds). 36Sunday, November 21, 2010
  37. 37. CLOUD COMPUTINGDeploymentModels 4. Community Cloud The cloud infrastructure is shared by several organizations and supports a specific community that has shared concerns (e.g., mission, security requirements, policy, and compliance considerations). It may be managed by the organizations or a third party and may exist on premise or off premise. SUNY Goodness? 37Sunday, November 21, 2010
  38. 38. •And with that our parking lot is full CLOUD COMPUTING 38Sunday, November 21, 2010
  39. 39. Retrospective Operations and SOPs Performance Engineering ‘Cloud’ Computing REVIEW 39Sunday, November 21, 2010
  40. 40. Retrospective Cloud Computing SOPs Performance Engineering •Service Evolution •Virtualization •Banner POC •Grid Control •Standardization •PM Methodologies •Definitions •Community Cloud •Predictable Future •Healthy dose of science 40Sunday, November 21, 2010
  41. 41. • Good lord look at all the circles up there ... CLOUD STRATEGY 41Sunday, November 21, 2010
  42. 42. • Weaving these 4 loosely coupled ideas together we can now assemble ITEC’s cloud strategy • First - a tiny bit about our technology/business model • How we see ourselves evolving into a cloud computing like model • Some current initiatives under way CLOUD STRATEGY Keep in mind, I’m mostly concerned about database and application server technology bits of this strategy 42Sunday, November 21, 2010
  43. 43. • Campuses use the apps • SICAS, OLIS, SLN manage the big apps • ITEC manages the infrastructure (and some of the smaller apps) CLOUD STRATEGY 43Sunday, November 21, 2010
  44. 44. • TODAY - we make use of virtualization at the storage, network and server level • But we still end up (in essence) deploying dedicated environments for every customer for (mostly) every app • i.e. we have not virtualized our databases or applications • Time for a little ‘cloud’ comparative analysis CLOUD STRATEGY 44Sunday, November 21, 2010
  45. 45. CLOUD STRATEGY On Demand Self Service Broad Network Access Resource Pooling Rapid Elasticity Measured Service 1/4 Check Check 1/2 Check 1/4 Check 1/2 Check On Demand: Sort of, (we are very accommodating) Self Service: No Dual ISPs & BGP SUNYVPN Burstable consumption. OS, Network, StorageYES, Database,Apps NO, (PeopleYes) We can respond fairly quickly for the resources that we pool but it’s mostly manual. We have grid control collecting a lot of data points but we’re not looking at them WRT charge back. Characteristics(today) 45Sunday, November 21, 2010
  46. 46. CLOUD STRATEGY Software aaS Platform aaS Infrastructure aaS Check Check No Check We serve up @task, Confluence, Lyris, Elluminate to all ITEC members. Apps are 100% maintained by ITEC and our customers simply use them (with some very limited configuration capabilities) This is really the core of what we do today. Banner,ANGEL, ExLibris all operate in this model with other u-wide entities providing application management. We provideVMs that OAS uses as part of their DR solution. We provide the hardware and basic networking and storage while OAS manages the rest. ServiceModels(today) 46Sunday, November 21, 2010
  47. 47. CLOUD STRATEGY Private Cloud Public Cloud Hybrid Community Tiny Bit NO NO 95% yes We have a few things for our own internal use but these are very minimal Too many concerns all of which are well discussed in the public. By definition of being partially Public = No. AmazinglyYES. Instinct told us that was true but looking at it with clinical perspective this is most certainly what we do today. DeploymentModels (today) 47Sunday, November 21, 2010
  48. 48. • Summary of our shortcomings: • Agility and self-service • Need more virtualization, standardization and automation • Observation that you need more structure in order to be more flexible CLOUD STRATEGY 48Sunday, November 21, 2010
  49. 49. • Strategy? • Continue to develop our SOPs and then automate • Virtualize our databases and app servers • Choose reasonable pilot projects • Draw on expertise where ever it lies CLOUD STRATEGY ITEC as a Cloud – Current and Future Projects & The ITEC Cloud sessions by Mike Notarius 49Sunday, November 21, 2010
  50. 50. So in a concrete sense - what are we doing about it ? • We have a project to revisit our operations and develop well documented SOPs • We’re developing a project to start exploiting EMs provisioning pack • We’re re-embracing RAC and application server clustering (perhaps WebLogic Suite) CLOUD STRATEGY 50Sunday, November 21, 2010
  51. 51. CLOUD STRATEGY • Re-assessed our current and near future business and application needs • at least 2x databases to manage • More databases are approaching near 24x7 (LMS IS 24x7) • CPU requirements are increasing • Business need to be more agile and elastic • and lastly - it’s now a matured (mainstream) technology So, why the change of heart with respect to RAC? 51Sunday, November 21, 2010
  52. 52. • Specifically with respect to RAC: • Three projects • LMS POC with RAC (and DBFS) • SBIP - Cloud based Business Intelligence • Project Z CLOUD STRATEGY 52Sunday, November 21, 2010
  53. 53. CLOUD STRATEGY • Our LMSTEAM is already investigating Blackboard and Moodle as options to ANGEL • At the end of these projects we are adding in RAC technology on the back end plus DBFS - a database hosted file system • Performance, scalability, absolute point-in-time recovery • Executing load/stress testing utilizing OATS - Oracle ApplicationTesting Suite (possibly engaging Blackboard to help us) #1 - LMS POC / RAC 53Sunday, November 21, 2010
  54. 54. CLOUD STRATEGY • Hosting SICAS BI program in an internal BI Cloud • Dramatic cost savings and efficiencies for all entities involved • At the expense of flexibility • Single (Enterprise Model) OBIEE install • Multiple campus ODS in a single DB utilizing OracleVirtual Private Database #2 - SBIP BI Cloud 54Sunday, November 21, 2010
  55. 55. CLOUD STRATEGY GRID / Cluster GRID / Cluster Rac DB Infrastructure BI Server Cluster (OBIEE 11g) Web Server Cluster (WebLogic 11g) Local BI Admin Server Identity Infrastructure Campus ERP Campus ERP Campus ERP Shared ODS (VPD) Database 55Sunday, November 21, 2010
  56. 56. CLOUD STRATEGY • A less conceptual version for those of you who like details 56Sunday, November 21, 2010
  57. 57. CLOUD STRATEGY • And yes thats ‘Zed’ not ‘Zee’ • Developed by Germans • Purloined by Canadians • (Made by Americans) • An evolutionary REVOLUTIONARY approach to hosted database management #3 - Project Z 57Sunday, November 21, 2010
  58. 58. CLOUD STRATEGY Z as in Zoolander the world greatest male supermodel? The man who brought us .... MagnumFerarriBlue Steel Le Tigra 58Sunday, November 21, 2010
  59. 59. We’re talking Hansel. In your face, off the wall, smashin’ the mold, Hansel !!! 59Sunday, November 21, 2010
  60. 60. CLOUD STRATEGY • Self Service cloning of production databases to a cloud environment at ITEC • Campuses will be able to initiate (via automation) clones of PROD databases into this environment • Using RMAN and Grid Control we will clone the DB into the ITEC cloud • Utilizes a cluster of x86 servers running Oracle RAC on Linux to deliver the database to you (and only you) #3 - Self Service Cloning 60Sunday, November 21, 2010
  61. 61. CLOUD STRATEGY • Benefits • Removes the need for dedicated development database servers (i.e. saves money) • Gives us time to become proficient in the technology in a lower risk environment (i.e. increased quality of life) • Costs • Investment in automation, infrastructure, training (internal to ITEC) #3 - Self Service Cloning 61Sunday, November 21, 2010
  62. 62. CLOUD STRATEGY • Probably will not be as on-demand as one might imagine and will be an overnight process (network considerations) • Cloning will be to a named database so that we can pre- configure integration with other application and web servers • We will probably limit a campus to X non-prod databases #3 - Self Service Cloning 62Sunday, November 21, 2010
  63. 63. CLOUD STRATEGY • Each of these 3 projects enable us to move forward in a manner that is low(er) risk than if we just said “we’re doing cloud tomorrow” and let er rip. Moving forward 63Sunday, November 21, 2010
  64. 64. CLOUD STRATEGY • Education - to better understand what we were being compared to and diffuse the hype • Analysis - understand what our business needs are and where we stand today and where we should be tomorrow • Insight - in several respects (but not all) we’re already doing computing in a ‘cloud’ style • Found a way to move forward while managing risk Summary One more thing .... 64Sunday, November 21, 2010
  65. 65. CLOUD STRATEGY • Cloud computing is an evolving body of work • For as much as many may downplay vendor/media hype the fact is that numerous high profile organizations are working diligently to define cloud computing standards: • NIST, IEEE, OGF (open grid forum), iTL (Information Technology Laboratory), ... • As an example visit http://www.nist.gov/itl/cloud/ cloudworkshopii.cfm 65Sunday, November 21, 2010
  66. 66. CLOUD STRATEGY Standards Acceleration to Jumpstart Adoption of Cloud Computing (SAJACC) The goal of the SAJACC initiative is to drive the formation of high-quality cloud computing standards by providing worked examples showing how key use cases can be supported on cloud systems that implement a set of documented and public cloud system specifications. The SAJACC initiative will develop and maintain a set of cloud system use cases through an open and ongoing process engaging industry, other Government agencies, and academia. Simultaneously, the SAJACC initiative will collect and generate cloud system specifications through a similarly open and ongoing process. The SAJACC initiative will develop tests that show the extent to which specific use cases can be supported by cloud systems that implement documented and public cloud system specifications, and will publish test results on the SAJACC web portal (this web site). The SAJACC web portal will provide pointers to known cloud system implementations, use case documents, upcoming events, and will also provide a convenient means to provide feedback to the SAJACC team. These resources will serve to both accelerate the development of high- quality cloud computing standards and reduce technical uncertainty during the interim adoption period before many cloud computing standards are formalized. http://www.nist.gov/itl/cloud/index.cfm 66Sunday, November 21, 2010
  67. 67. • Thank you • I’m always looking for feedback • dan@itec.suny.edu Questions orThoughts? 67Sunday, November 21, 2010
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