Taxes, taxes ain’t nobody likes taxesWell you can tax my maAnd you can tax my paPretty soon you gonna have it allTaxes, taxes ain’t nobody likes taxes
To what extent should Canadians support social programs and taxation?
• What values underlie social programs in Canada and the United States?• How do the economic platforms of political parties differ from one another?• How is a political party’s philosophy reflected in its platforms?• How does the underground economy impact the federal and provincial tax base and social programs?
In groups of 4 you are going to complete a placematSocial Program: A worksheet. service that is In the middle write down: provided by “What social programs government to should the government reduce economic provide?” inequalities and promote the well- Then in your groups write being of citizens. down the top 3 choices that your group feels are the most important.
Medical procedures are costly to the Canadian taxpayer. Should individuals or society payfor medical services?
Food Banks receive support from voluntary donations and from the government. They are oneway to counter the effects of poverty.
Thousands of people are homeless in Canada. Governments in Canada and the U.S.provide support to people who cannot meet their basic needs.
Some senior citizens are retired or, for health or other reasons, are no longer able toearn income from jobs. Canada and the U.S have different positions on supportingseniors.
• After viewing the photos, what are some of the issues that the photographs are communicating? What other problems exist in society that these photos did not address?• Should the government use tax payer dollars to fund all the programs you viewed? Why or why not?• What values do the people who support these programs hold? (Read the definition of the word values on page 270, before answering this question.)
• What warning does Tommy Douglas give to future generations?• What is the connection between profit and health care that Tommy Douglas makes in this speech?• If the government runs health care can we trust it to have our best interests in mind?
1. What comment is the cartoonist making about paying taxes?2. From this cartoon what can you conclude about taxpayers views about paying taxes?3. Is the perspective in the cartoon biased?4. How could the government lower taxes in Canada?5. How would lowering taxes impact your quality of life? Think of both the positive and negative impacts.
As a class read page 271 and Canada’s Founding Principle:then discuss “Peace, order and good government.” Value?Critical Thinking Challenge.“How might decisions onsocial programsconnect to the principles of America’s Founding Principle: “Life, liberty and the pursuit ofmixed and market happiness.”economies?” Value?
1. Health insurance Read cartoon T Ways wo2. Private health care to Pay on page 272. Be3. Public health care prepared to discuss as a class.4. Profit
1. How are the two health care systems the same?2. How are the two health care systems different?3. Which scenario benefits citizens the most? Why?4. Which do you prefer?
• Different levels of government provide and fund social programs in Canada.• Federal and Provincial governments have different responsibilities outlined under Canada’s Constitution.• Provincial governments responsible for health care• Federal government responsible for “Peace, order and good government.”
The Canadian Health Act is a federal law that sets out 5 principles for health care in Canada. The act says that, in every province and territory, health care must be:• Publicly administered: run by government for no profit.• Comprehensive: for care provided by hospitals, physicians and surgeons.• Universal: available to everyone.• Portable: available everywhere in Canada, no matter where you make your home in Canada.• Accessible: available within reason time and distance.
• Under U.S. constitution, federal and state governments can make laws regarding social programs.• U.S. constitution does not identify particular federal or state responsibilities.
• In groups of 2 read the snapshot of social Complete question #1 programs of Canada and using a Venn diagram the U.S. on pages 273 & 275. Social Programs Social Programs Canada U.S.• Complete Connect to the Big Ideas questions 1,2 page 278.
Read the articles on health care and complete the followingquestions in groups of 2.1. From whose viewpoint is the article written?2. What does the person or group value in the article?3. What is the issue/s that the article raises?4. What are some of the biggest challenges of health care that each article addresses?
Government collect taxes to Glossary pay for social programs. Add the following terms to your glossary sheets Both Federal and Provincial governments collect taxes. 1. Goods and Services T (GST) ax Canadians pay 2 kinds of 2. Income T ax taxes to the government: Income tax and sales tax. 3. Median 4. Sales tax 5. Service tax
• "Direct taxes" are taxes are imposed on the income of Canadian resident individuals, Canadian corporations and various other entities that either reside or carry on business in Canada. • ie. Income Tax• "Indirect taxes" are generally consumption taxes levied on property and services. In Canada, the term "commodity taxes" is often used in place of indirect taxes. • ie. GST
Individuals have Individuals pay Income tax goes to the jobs and make $ taxes Federal government Federal government uses or distributes the money to theEducation provinces to provide services that benefit CanadiansIncome Assistance Social Programs
• Look at the pie graphs on page 282.• Pie graph #1 looks at Federal Government spending in 2007.• Pie graph #2 looks Alberta’s government spending in 2007.
• What areas do you believe our federal government is spending too much money on? Justify your answer.• What area do you believe our government should direct MORE of our tax money towards? Justify your answer.
• In Canada we have a progressive tax system. In simple terms this means the more income you make the more tax you pay. • 15% on the first $38,832 of taxable income, + • 22% on the next $38,832 of taxable income (on the portion of taxable income between $38,832 and $77,664), + • 26% on the next $48,600 of taxable income (on the portion of taxable income between $77,664 and $126,264), + • 29% of taxable income over $126,264.• In Alberta our provincial government has gone to a flat tax. In simple terms this means that all taxpayers pay the same percentage of their income. • 10% of taxable income in 2009When you combine all of the various direct and indirect taxes, from all three levelsof government, Canadians pay some of the highest rates of tax in the world!
• In all countries it is against the law to avoid paying taxes.• The economic activity that governments tax is called the Tax Base.• Tax Evasion involves not reporting your economic activity.• This is part of the underground economy which is also called the “Black Market”. This is illegal and takes away from the governments tax base and therefore its ability to provide social programs for Canadians
Viewing Watch the following video on the negative impact that working in the black market has on the tax base. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Tba1zoJ5sOI&NR=1 The T Rap Video show why it is important to pay taxes ax http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7QdCf56CYh4&feature=relatedMake a one minute PSA about the dangers of the Underground EconomyList the dangers of participating in the black market
• Read the top of page 287 as a class and the examine the chart to find examples of Party Platforms of the Federal parties of Canada.
Stephen Harper Michael Ignatieff Gilles Duceppe Jack Layton Elizabeth MayConservative Liberal Bloc Quebecois NDP GreenThe above are the leaders of the 5 main political parties in Canada’s FederalGovernment… What are the political platforms of each party? What are theirviews on social programs and taxation? LETS FIND OUT…
Economic policies come from values and form part of theplatform of political parties. The policies within platformsindicate where parties fit on the economic continuum.Look at the chart and Economic Continuum on page 288 as aclass. Discuss the values of each political partyPlanned economy Mixed Economy Market EconomyPolitical Party A Political Party B Political Party C More government involvement Less government involvement
Read pages 289-290 that examine the major political parties in Canada and the U.S. After reading each party’s platforms place them on the Economic Continuum. Do one for Canada and another one for the U.S. Then answer the questions 1 & 2 at the bottom of this slide. Political Parties More government involvement Less government involvement1. Which political party in Canada closest resembles the Republican party of the U.S?2. Which political party in Canada closest resembles the Democratic party of the U.S?3. Does Canada have too many major political parties?4. Is there lack of political choice in the U.S.?
CRITERIA FOR JUDGEMENTEstablish criteria for making your decisions.What are your criteria for determining areas to cut?What are your criteria for determining areas not to cut?*What areas are absolute untouchables? There is no way you would cut!!!
TASK ONE: Beside each area, place a “P” beside it if it is an area the provincial government is mostly responsible for, and an “F” if it is an area the Federal government is mostly responsible for.TASK TWO: Define the following: Debt: Deficit:TASK THREE: As a GROUP, complete this NEW budget for both the federal and provincial budgets. If the budgeted amount goes: UP - write the new amount in RED DOWN - write the new amount in BLACK STAYS THE SAME - write the amount in BLUE