Challenges in waste mgmt in apts

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A presentation by Arathi Manay Yajaman of Brigade Millenium bangalore on the process they initiated to ensure management of waste at source and the challenges they faced.

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Challenges in waste mgmt in apts

  1. 1. Arathi Manayat Daily Dump 19th Feb 2011
  2. 2.   Waste management challenges  Handling roadblocks, finding potential solutions Using a real-life example Brigade Millennium Mayflower in JP Nagar 7th Phase Arathi Manay at Daily Dump, 19th Feb 2011
  3. 3.   The System – Waste collection and disposal system established by the builder  Responsibility of managing the garbage  Volume generated  Types of garbage, Segregation  BBMP involvement  Attitude of residents Arathi Manay at Daily Dump, 19th Feb 2011
  4. 4.   Garbage bags  Chute, through 15 floors… chute room   An investment made by the developer to give apartments the luxury of convenient disposal   involves considerable set up costs (pump, hydraulic doors, etc.)   Regular maintenance costs  Housekeeping staff not a part of household the waste-disposal system   Except for cleaning the chute room Arathi Manay at Daily Dump, 19th Feb 2011
  5. 5.   Garbage handling – the responsibility of the Management Committee   Tenants – more than half the occupants  Volume generated is huge   At Mayflower with 220 flats, about 300 kg a day  Mixed-up waste   Garbage bags burst open with the fall   Reusable, recyclable, hazardous waste goes to landfills Arathi Manay at Daily Dump, 19th Feb 2011
  6. 6.   BBMP does not collect garbage from apartments   We need to make our own arrangements   Hire a BBMP-licensed contractor to carry the waste to landfills   Manage the waste within our own premises  Residents want the comforts that they paid for when they bought the flat   They pay a maintenance fee so that their waste is managed by others   High turnover rate of maids and tenants Arathi Manay at Daily Dump, 19th Feb 2011
  7. 7. Arathi Manay at Daily Dump, 19th Feb 2011
  8. 8. Arathi Manay at Daily Dump, 19th Feb 2011
  9. 9. Arathi Manay at Daily Dump, 19th Feb 2011
  10. 10.   Where ever the contractor is allowed for the day  No fixed place  Dumping site changes frequently depending on social pressures Arathi Manay at Daily Dump, 19th Feb 2011
  11. 11. Arathi Manay at Daily Dump, 19th Feb 2011
  12. 12.   Dry waste segregation was introduced in BM Mayflower in Nov 2008 through the ‘Blue Drum’ campaign   Door-to-door visits to train residents   Segregation guide   Training of maids, house-keeping staff, security   Painting the blue drums activity for children and residents  Voluntary – no penalty for non-compliance Arathi Manay at Daily Dump, 19th Feb 2011
  13. 13. Arathi Manay at Daily Dump, 19th Feb 2011
  14. 14.   Blue drums  Collected daily by house-keeping  Transported to basement  Secondary segregation  Sold to recyclers  Proceeds kept for the staff Arathi Manay at Daily Dump, 19th Feb 2011
  15. 15.   Reinforcement  Retraining new maids, residents Arathi Manay at Daily Dump, 19th Feb 2011
  16. 16.   E-waste kept separately  Collected by Ash recyclers Arathi Manay at Daily Dump, 19th Feb 2011
  17. 17. 80007000 Average per month6000 Over 26 months50004000300020001000 0 Arathi Manay at Daily Dump, 19th Feb 2011
  18. 18. 300 Average per month250200150100 50 0 Average monthly income – Rs 1,000/- Arathi Manay at Daily Dump, 19th Feb 2011
  19. 19.   Segregation done by some residents, but not adequate  Lots of dry waste still going down the chute  Wet waste still going to landfills Arathi Manay at Daily Dump, 19th Feb 2011
  20. 20. Arathi Manay at Daily Dump, 19th Feb 2011
  21. 21.   The main roadblock – the chute   The chute = roadside dustbin   Anything-anytime-anyhow disposal  Control usage of the chute to housekeeping (maybe use it to move some of the dry waste to the basement)  Close the chute to residents  Door-to-door collection (as is done in most residential apartments) Arathi Manay at Daily Dump, 19th Feb 2011
  22. 22.   Send purely wet waste (kitchen waste) to landfills  Handle it in the vicinity – after all it is 70% water  Different options evaluated   Scale-able to 220-250 homes   No need for large expenditure   Low running expenses Arathi Manay at Daily Dump, 19th Feb 2011
  23. 23.   An experimental model – with the help of Mr Vellore Srinivasan  Composting   In a specially-designed trolley   On the terrace – good wind flow, sheltered from rain and direct sun  Cattle-shed   Cattle edible food Arathi Manay at Daily Dump, 19th Feb 2011
  24. 24.   Composting Trolley   Metal   4’ l x 3’ w x 3’ h   Capacity 500 kg Arathi Manay at Daily Dump, 19th Feb 2011
  25. 25.   Compost in 50-odd days  One trolley can serve 220 homes for about 10 days, after which it can be reused after about 50 days   5 such trolleys would be required  If cattle-edible items are sent to the cattle shed   2 trolleys would suffice Arathi Manay at Daily Dump, 19th Feb 2011
  26. 26. Arathi Manay at Daily Dump, 19th Feb 2011
  27. 27.   I can throw anything, anyhow, anytime  Someone else will clean it up  And I will pay them for doing it Arathi Manay at Daily Dump, 19th Feb 2011
  28. 28. Arathi Manay at Daily Dump, 19th Feb 2011
  29. 29.   Needs bagging of the waste thus increasing plastic usage  Untied bags and non-bagged wet waste splutters the chute and the room  Regular maintenance, cleaning required Arathi Manay at Daily Dump, 19th Feb 2011
  30. 30.   Grease and garbage sludge accumulates along the chute – fire hazard  Attracts roaches, flies, snakes  Untreated waste lying for more than 24hrs   Is a health hazard   Causes foul odour everywhere near the chute room  Unhygienic for garbage collecting workers and residents who visit basement Arathi Manay at Daily Dump, 19th Feb 2011
  31. 31.   Dry waste – Blue drums  E-waste – Recyclers  EPS/Thermacol – collected and disposed separately  Cattle-edible waste segregated by about 40 volunteer homes   Collected door-to-door everyday around noon   Sent to cattle shed  Garden waste – composting trolleys  The rest – down the chute and garbage truck Arathi Manay at Daily Dump, 19th Feb 2011
  32. 32.   Changing the system put in place by the builder, to become environmentally friendly, is a big challenge  The System put in place by the builder is the one that gets accepted, by default  GET IT RIGHT THE FIRST TIME  Enforcement of rules (like segregation) by an authority (BBMP) is essential  Voluntary effort by residents is not realistic to expect Arathi Manay at Daily Dump, 19th Feb 2011
  33. 33.   Refrain from the inclusion of chutes in buildings in India  Designate an area for waste management at the design stage   On the ground, basement, rooftop or combination of these   Depending on the nature of the project – the total ground area, area around the building, number of flats, height of building, etc.  Highlight the waste management area and make it a ‘stand-out’ feature   ‘Facility’ – just as STP, generator back-up, etc.   ‘Green initiative’ – at par with solar power, rain water harvesting, etc. Arathi Manay at Daily Dump, 19th Feb 2011
  34. 34.   Brigade (builders) have earmarked a site that can be used for waste management by all the blocks of Brigade Millennium WE WILL BE ABLE TO HANDLE THE WASTE WHERE IT IS GENERATED.  BBMP is set to enforce segregation-at-source in Puttenahalli by insisting that apartment waste be segregated before it leaves the premises MAYBE THE CHUTE WILL BE FORCED TO CLOSE. Arathi Manay at Daily Dump, 19th Feb 2011
  35. 35. Arathi Manay at Daily Dump, 19th Feb 2011

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