Certification System Addressing
Indirect Impacts of Biofuels: Jatropha
production on Unused Land in
Mozambique
Rito Mabund...
Outline of the Presentation
1. Context: incentives for development of Biofuels in
Mozambique
2. Direct Land use Change vs ...
Context: incentives for development of
Biofuels in Mozambique
• Land: 7 million ha of available
• Enabling environment: Po...
Direct Land use Change vs Indirect Land use
Change from Biofuels
• Direct Land use Change (DLUC): displace
prior land use ...
WWF Strategy : helping companies top comply with
Biodiversity safeguards
Fundamentals:
• Land use: “Go” (RCA) and “No-go” ...
Responsible Cultivation Areas Methodology:
Landscape Planning of sustainable Biofuels
1. Develop and field-test a practica...
Defining “Responsible Production”
•HCV: Does not contribute to the
conversion of High Conservation Value
Areas
•Carbon eff...
Certification for Indirect Impacts : Jatropha on
unused Land in Mozambique
• Objective: develop and field test a
certifica...
Jatropha on Unused Land in Mozambique
Key Actions under the project in Mozambique
• Identification of suitable land and su...
Challenges for the success of the RCA in Mozambique :
strengths and weaknesses
Opportunities/Strengths
• Existence of good...
Challenges for RCA in Eastern and Southern Africa: Focus
to Mozambique
Opportunities/Strengths
• HCVF National Interpretat...
Thank you very much
Muito Obrigado
Asante Sana
27 september 2010- 7 wwf mozambique    rca presentation  260910
27 september 2010- 7 wwf mozambique    rca presentation  260910
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27 september 2010- 7 wwf mozambique rca presentation 260910

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27 september 2010- 7 wwf mozambique rca presentation 260910

  1. 1. Certification System Addressing Indirect Impacts of Biofuels: Jatropha production on Unused Land in Mozambique Rito Mabunda (WWF Mozambique) Moshi, 27th September 2010
  2. 2. Outline of the Presentation 1. Context: incentives for development of Biofuels in Mozambique 2. Direct Land use Change vs Indirect Land use Change 3. Responsible Cultivation Areas Methodology: Landscape Planning of sustainable Biofuels 4. Certification System Addressing Indirect Impacts of Biofuels Project: Jatropha on unused Land in Mozambique 5. Challenges for the success of the RCA in Mozambique : strengths and weaknesses
  3. 3. Context: incentives for development of Biofuels in Mozambique • Land: 7 million ha of available • Enabling environment: Policy and strategy for Biofuels (2009); Regulation for mixture of diesel/gasoline (under development, 2010) and, Cooperation agreements (Brazil, EU, Italy, Netherlands) and promotion campaign to attract investors. • On-going initiatives: Inter-Ministerial working Group; CSO forum and multi—stakeholder platform and, 39 private projects.
  4. 4. Direct Land use Change vs Indirect Land use Change from Biofuels • Direct Land use Change (DLUC): displace prior land use (crop production, forest, wetlands, grassland, settlements, etc.). • Indirect Land use Change (ILUC) – displacement of other land prior production functions – Spatial ILUC : displacement to other location – Temporal ILUC: Shifting use in same location – Use ILUC: Shifting biomass use in the same location – Displaced activity/use ILUC: Shifting activity to other country
  5. 5. WWF Strategy : helping companies top comply with Biodiversity safeguards Fundamentals: • Land use: “Go” (RCA) and “No-go” (HCV) areas. • Markets: – Help companies to make the right choice. – Help investors to invest in sustainable projects. – Work with consumers. Standards development and certification (RSB, RSPO, RTRS, BSI). • Governments: to develop frameworks for responsible production and consumption, especially wider sustainability issues
  6. 6. Responsible Cultivation Areas Methodology: Landscape Planning of sustainable Biofuels 1. Develop and field-test a practical definition and methodology for RCA, where energy crops can be produced responsibly with minimum risk of indirect land use change; 2. Focus on known and debated practical measures to reduce D(I) LUC: – Production of Biofuels on “ Unused” Land – Increase Productivity of Energy crops – Integration with Other Economic Activities
  7. 7. Defining “Responsible Production” •HCV: Does not contribute to the conversion of High Conservation Value Areas •Carbon effects: does not lead to unacceptable GHG emissions •Displacements effects: Avoid displacement across borders and Crops •Land use rights: respects land rights and responsibilities •Crop Suitability: takes into account agronomics
  8. 8. Certification for Indirect Impacts : Jatropha on unused Land in Mozambique • Objective: develop and field test a certification module that prevent indirect impacts/displacement • Pilot projects: integration models (Brazil), efficiency/productivity increase (Indonesia), use of residues (RSA) and Unused land (Mozambique) and small land use requirement • Results: certify the pilot project using a set of criteria and indicators developed prevention of Indirect Impacts applicable in voluntary (RSB) and regulatory schemes (RED)
  9. 9. Jatropha on Unused Land in Mozambique Key Actions under the project in Mozambique • Identification of suitable land and sustainable from RCA • Request Government concession and involvement • Set Baseline levels of Production • Demonstrate additionality : barriers, commons practices and regulatory framework (would not have been used) • Verification by Audit Body • Test Possibilities for certification – test of a project • Good practice Guidelines for producers and Dissemination • Find investor for the identified area
  10. 10. Challenges for the success of the RCA in Mozambique : strengths and weaknesses Opportunities/Strengths • Existence of good agriculture data: UEM (Moz) and IIAM. • Strong spatial Mapping and land use classification Capacity within Govt and NGOs: UIF (MOZ); WWF ZIMBABWE and WWF Kenya • Vibrant network of NGOs, CBNRM Fora; National Forum for Biofuels, Farmers associations to advocate for land use rights: ORAM and CTV (Moz) • Governments are engaged in Climate Change programs: REDD Strategy for Mozambique
  11. 11. Challenges for RCA in Eastern and Southern Africa: Focus to Mozambique Opportunities/Strengths • HCVF National Interpretation was carried out in Mozambique Weakness/Threats • Economic viability of “unused” land (low productivity and need for fertilization) • “Unused” land do not satisfy the demand for large areas
  12. 12. Thank you very much Muito Obrigado Asante Sana

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