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27 september 2010- 7 wwf mozambique rca presentation 260910

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27 september 2010- 7 wwf mozambique    rca presentation  260910 27 september 2010- 7 wwf mozambique rca presentation 260910 Presentation Transcript

  • Certification System Addressing Indirect Impacts of Biofuels: Jatropha production on Unused Land in Mozambique Rito Mabunda (WWF Mozambique) Moshi, 27th September 2010
  • Outline of the Presentation
    • 1. Context : incentives for development of Biofuels in Mozambique
    • 2. Direct Land use Change vs Indirect Land use Change
    • 3. Responsible Cultivation Areas Methodology : Landscape Planning of sustainable Biofuels
    • 4. Certification System Addressing Indirect Impacts of Biofuels Project: Jatropha on unused Land in Mozambique
    • 5. Challenges for the success of the RCA in Mozambique : strengths and weaknesses
  • Context : incentives for development of Biofuels in Mozambique
    • Land : 7 million ha of available
    • Enabling environment: Policy and strategy for Biofuels (2009); Regulation for mixture of diesel/gasoline (under development, 2010) and, Cooperation agreements (Brazil, EU, Italy, Netherlands) and promotion campaign to attract investors.
    • On-going initiatives : Inter-Ministerial working Group; CSO forum and multi—stakeholder platform and, 39 private projects.
  • Direct Land use Change vs Indirect Land use Change from Biofuels
    • Direct Land use Change (DLUC) : displace prior land use (crop production, forest, wetlands, grassland, settlements, etc.).
    • Indirect Land use Change (ILUC) – displacement of other land prior production functions
      • Spatial ILUC : displacement to other location
      • Temporal ILUC: Shifting use in same location
      • Use ILUC: Shifting biomass use in the same location
      • Displaced activity/use ILUC: Shifting activity to other country
  • WWF Strategy : helping companies top comply with Biodiversity safeguards
    • Fundamentals:
    • Land use: “Go” (RCA) and “No-go” (HCV) areas.
    • Markets:
      • Help companies to make the right choice.
      • Help investors to invest in sustainable projects.
      • Work with consumers. Standards development and certification (RSB, RSPO, RTRS, BSI).
    • Governments: to develop frameworks for responsible production and consumption, especially wider sustainability issues
  • Responsible Cultivation Areas Methodology : Landscape Planning of sustainable Biofuels
    • 1. Develop and field-test a practical definition and methodology for RCA , where energy crops can be produced responsibly with minimum risk of indirect land use change;
    • 2. Focus on known and debated practical measures to reduce D(I) LUC:
      • Production of Biofuels on “ Unused” Land
      • Increase Productivity of Energy crops
      • Integration with Other Economic Activities
  • Defining “Responsible Production”
    • HCV: Does not contribute to the conversion of High Conservation Value Areas
    • Carbon effects: does not lead to unacceptable GHG emissions
    • Displacements effects: Avoid displacement across borders and Crops
    • Land use rights: respects land rights and responsibilities
    • Crop Suitability: takes into account agronomics
  •  
  • Certification for Indirect Impacts : Jatropha on unused Land in Mozambique
    • Objective : develop and field test a certification module that prevent indirect impacts/displacement
    • Pilot projects : integration models (Brazil), efficiency/productivity increase (Indonesia), use of residues (RSA) and Unused land (Mozambique) and small land use requirement
    • Results : certify the pilot project using a set of criteria and indicators developed prevention of Indirect Impacts applicable in voluntary (RSB) and regulatory schemes (RED)
  •  
  • Jatropha on Unused Land in Mozambique
    • Key Actions under the project in Mozambique
    • Identification of suitable land and sustainable from RCA
    • Request Government concession and involvement
    • Set Baseline levels of Production
    • Demonstrate additionality : barriers, commons practices and regulatory framework (would not have been used)
    • Verification by Audit Body
    • Test Possibilities for certification – test of a project
    • Good practice Guidelines for producers and Dissemination
    • Find investor for the identified area
  • Challenges for the success of the RCA in Mozambique : strengths and weaknesses
    • Opportunities/Strengths
    • Existence of good agriculture data: UEM (Moz) and IIAM.
    • Strong spatial Mapping and land use classification Capacity within Govt and NGOs: UIF (MOZ); WWF ZIMBABWE and WWF Kenya
    • Vibrant network of NGOs, CBNRM Fora; National Forum for Biofuels, Farmers associations to advocate for land use rights: ORAM and CTV (Moz)
    • Governments are engaged in Climate Change programs: REDD Strategy for Mozambique
  • Challenges for RCA in Eastern and Southern Africa: Focus to Mozambique
    • Opportunities/Strengths
    • HCVF National Interpretation was carried out in Mozambique
    • Weakness/Threats
    • Economic viability of “unused” land (low productivity and need for fertilization)
    • “ Unused” land do not satisfy the demand for large areas
    • Thank you very much
    • Muito Obrigado
    • Asante Sana