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Ch. 3 cultural conformity and adaptation


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Sociology: The Study of Human Relationships Holt. A short 4 day unit.

Sociology: The Study of Human Relationships Holt. A short 4 day unit.

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  • Transcript

    • 1. Chapter 3: Cultural Conformity and Adaptation Holt Sociology
    • 2. Starter
      • Piece of paper to turn in…
      • 1. Look at the list on page 43. What is being describe in this list?
      • 2. Is this list a good example of how cultures change?
      • 3. Be specific, how or what has changed since this list was penned?
    • 3. Asch Performance Test
      • If you had Mr. Hunter for psychology, please move to the rear of the class.
      • If you haven’t taken psych move to the front.
      • We will be looking at several optical illusions, and eye (right or left) dominance related to certain values.
    • 4.  
    • 5. Starter
      • Piece of paper to turn in…
      • 1. Brainstorm as many words using the prefix ‘self-’ (American) in common use today.
      • 2. What do these words suggest about American culture?
    • 6. Values
      • Economic Government
      • Decisions Policies
      • Examples Examples
    • 7. Traditional American Values
      • Sociologist Robin Williams identified a set of 15 values that are central to the American way of life.
    • 8. Traditional Values (p. 44)
      • Personal achievement
      • Individualism
      • Work
      • Morality and Humanitarianism
      • Efficiency and Practicality
      • 6. Equality and Democracy
      • 7. Freedom
      • 8. Others
    • 9. Young Americans and Values (p. 47)
      • Popcorn reading…
      • On other side of starter, get into groups of 4 and answer the following questions:
      • What issues concern you most?
      • Do your values differ from your parents’ values? In what ways?
      • Should social values such as morality be taught in public school?
    • 10. Starter to turn in: (1/26)
      • What values (listed in this chapter) did the president use or cite in his speech last night?
      • How has the society of CHS changed in the past 3-4 years? (policies, attitudes, physical, trends, teams, clubs…)
    • 11. Sources of Social Change (6)
      • #1. Values and Beliefs:
      • Values and beliefs can be part of a greater ideology. An ideology is a system of beliefs or ideas that justifies the social, moral, religious, political or economic interests help by a group of society.
      • “ The reason why…”
      • Social Movement promotes social change…
    • 12. Sources of Social Change (6)
      • #2.
      • Technology new ways of manipulating the environment.
      • Examples:
    • 13. Sources of Social Change (6)
      • #3. Population: As populations change, so does culture.
      • Examples: larger population = more competition
      • Examples: Growing immigration = more outside cultural influences
      • Examples: Aging population, different focuses on lifestyles and use of resources (health care)
      • “ How has CHS population changed?”
    • 14. Sources of Social Change (6)
      • #4. Diffusion: borrowed ideas, beliefs, and material objects from other cultures.
    • 15. Sources of Social Change (6)
      • #5. Physical Environment: Abundant resources in a country/region vs. scarce resources in a region.
      • Natural disaster, As populations change, so does culture.
      • “ How has CHS population changed?”
    • 16. Sources of Social Change (6)
      • #6. Wars and Conquests: not as common as other sources, BUT the fastest and most dramatic source of change.
    • 17. Goals for today:
      • Identify and describe positive and negative sanctions. Differentiate between formal and informal sanctions.
      • Describe the 3 factors that cultures use to resist change.
      • Diagram the process of conformity from internalization to reinforced institutionalized behavior.
    • 18. Sanctions (controlling behavior)
      • Internalization (how norms become a part of a person’s personality)
      • Remember NORMS can be enforced +/-
      • Sanctions
      • Positive Sanctions (praise, $$, awards)
      • Negative Sanctions (teacher’s dirty looks)
    • 19. Sanctions (controlling behavior)
      • Formal Sanctions, given by a formal organization or regulatory agency (school, business, government)
      • Informal Sanctions
      • + standing ovation, gifts, pat on the back
      • - frowns, gossip, insults, ostracism
    • 20. Resistance to Change
      • Ethnocentrism: ‘buy American 1970’s’
      • ‘buy Japanese’ 2000’s ?
      • Cultural lag: traditional school year (Sept-June), commutes? Schools and on-line classes?
      • Vested Interests: people happy with the status quo, and don’t want to change.
    • 21. Check for Understanding
      • What are traditional and recent American values?
      • Identify the 2 methods through which societies enforce norms.
      • How does government policy enforce cultural values and social norms?
      • What are movements, and what are their goals?
      • For what reasons do people resist change?
    • 22. Assessment
      • Written chapter test on Friday.
      • Multiple choice and completion.
      • 3 short answer questions.
      • Use the study guide!!