Ch. 20.1
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Transcript

  • 1. Starter: #32
    • (Connecting the dots…)
    • What energy source drives the Earth’s weather cycle?
    • Which type of air mass CAN carry more energy and moisture?
    • What layer of the atmosphere does the Earth’s weather come from?
  • 2. Ch. 20.1 Air Masses
    • Objectives:
    • (Write these down, skip some lines)
    • Identify what an air mass is and how they are classified.
    • Explain the influences of air masses over the United States.
    • Describe what happens seasonally when an air mass moves an area.
  • 3. Vocabulary 20.1
    • Air Mass
    • (Big: 1600km and 2-5 km thick)
  • 4. 20.1 Air Masses  Air Masses • An air mass is an immense body of air that is characterized by similar temperatures and amounts of moisture at any given altitude.  Movement of Air Masses • As it moves, the characteristics of an air mass change and so does the weather in the area over which the air mass moves. (Obj. 1) Air Masses and Weather
  • 5. Frigid Canadian Air Mass Moves Southward (1)
  • 6. 20.1 Air Masses
    • In addition to their overall temperature, air masses are classified according to the surface over which they form.
    • Ex: Maritime means ocean, warm
    • Continental polar means land, cold
    (O-1) Classifying Air Masses
  • 7. (O-1) Air Masses Are Classified by Region
  • 8. (O-2) 20.1 Air Masses  Much of the weather in North America, especially weather east of the Rocky Mountains , is influenced by continental polar (cP) and maritime tropical (mT) air masses. Weather in North America
  • 9. (O-2) Air Masses  Continental Polar Air Masses • Continental polar air masses are uniformly cold and dry in winter and cool and dry in summer.  Maritime Tropical Air Masses • Maritime tropical air masses are warm, loaded with moisture, and usually unstable. • Maritime tropical air is the source of much, if not most, of the precipitation received in the eastern two-thirds of the United States. Weather in North America
  • 10. 20.1 Air Masses  Maritime Polar Air Masses • Maritime polar air masses begin as cP air masses in Siberia. The cold, dry continental polar air changes into relatively mild, humid, unstable maritime polar air during its long journey across the North Pacific. • Maritime polar air masses also originate in the North Atlantic off the coast of eastern Canada. Weather in North America
  • 11. Objective 3
    • (O-3) Describe what happens when an air mass moves over an area.
    • Examples:
    • 1. “Nor’easter ”
    • - A low pressure center off of the coast of New England draws in maritime polar cold air. Really bad strong storms.
    • 2. “Indian summer”
    • -Continenal tropical warm air masses that settle around the Great Plains during the early fall. Warm, clear days, possilbe drought conditions.
  • 12. (O-3) Maritime Polar Air Masses
  • 13. (O-3) Air Masses  Continental Tropical Air Masses • Only occasionally do cT air masses affect the weather outside their source regions. However, when a cT air mass moves from its source region in the summer, it can cause extremely hot, drought like conditions in the Great Plains. • Movements of cT air masses in the fall result in mild weather in the Great Lakes region, often called Indian summer. Weather in North America
  • 14. Air Mass summary
    • Cold air masses are mostly ___________.
    • War air masses are mostly ____________.
    • Continental air masses are mostly ______.
    • Maritime air masses are mostly ________.
    • Nor’easter is a _____________________.
    • Indain summer is when ______________.
  • 15.