Peran Perguruan Tinggi dalam Era Global
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Peran Perguruan Tinggi dalam Era Global

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Globalisasi telah memperluas jangkauan kegiatan ekonomi sehingga tidak lagi terbatas pada suatu negara.

Globalisasi telah memperluas jangkauan kegiatan ekonomi sehingga tidak lagi terbatas pada suatu negara.

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Peran Perguruan Tinggi dalam Era Global Presentation Transcript

  • 1. Oleh: Drs. Dadang Solihin, MA Kuliah Perdana Mahasiswa Baru Fakultas Ekonomi Universitas Darma Persada Tahun Akademik 2004-2005 Peran Perguruan Tinggi dalam Era Global Jakarta, 21 September 2004 www.dadangsolihin.com
  • 2. Materi Kuliah
    • Apa itu Globalisasi?
    • Bagaimana kesiapan kita sejauh ini? (SDM, sosial-ekonomi, infrastruktur, dll)
    • Bagaimana peran PT?
  • 3. Globalisasi
    • Globalisasi telah memperluas jangkauan kegiatan ekonomi sehingga tidak lagi terbatas pada suatu negara.
    • Kemajuan teknologi, khususnya dalam bidang informasi, komunikasi, dan transportasi, telah memungkinkan arus orang, barang, jasa, dan informasi bergerak dengan jauh lebih cepat, dalam jumlah yang makin besar, dengan kualitas yang makin baik, dan dengan biaya yang makin murah.
    • Yang akan keluar sebagai pemenang dan memperoleh manfaat dari globalisasi adalah yang telah secara mantap mempersiapkan diri.
  • 4.
    • global production by transnational company
    • opening domestic market to foreigners
    • more open domestic financial markets
    • reduce government’s role in provision of goods and services
    • Use
    • Be used
    • Isolated
    Pilihannya: Results:
  • 5. Priorities for development Poverty relief (1940s) after war, famine Politics (1990s) good governance; participation, transparency, accountability Public Management (1980s) Reform Policies (1980s) stabilization; structural adjustment Programmes (1970s) for integrated development Plans and strategies (1960s) in command economies Projects (1950s) to promote development Sources: www.dadangsolihin.com Millennium Development Goals (2000s)
  • 6. Human Development Index
    • Life expectancy at birth
    • Adult literacy rate (%ages 15 and above)
    • Combined gross enrolment ratio for primary, secondary, and tertiary schools (%)
    • GDP per capita (PPP US$)
    • Life expectancy index
    • Education index
    • Penduduk yang kualitasnya rendah nilai HDI-nya mendekati 0, sedang yang baik mendekati 1.
    1 111 177 Norway 0.956 Indonesia 0.692 Sierra Leone 0.273
  • 7. Human Development Index (2002) 142 Pakistan 143 Togo 144 Congo 145 Lesotho 146 Uganda 147 Zimbabwe 148 Kenya 149 Yemen 150 Madagascar 151 Nigeria 152 Mauritania 153 Haiti 154 Djibouti 155 Gambia 156 Eritrea 157 Senegal 158 Timor-Leste 159 Rwanda 160 Guinea 161 Benin 162 Tanzania,U.Rep.of 163 Côte d ’Ivoire 164 Zambia 165 Malawi 166 Angola 167 Chad 168 Congo,Dem.Rep.of the 169 Central African Rep. 170 Ethiopia 171 Mozambique 172 Guinea-Bissau 173 Burundi 174 Mali 175 Burkina Faso 176 Niger 177 Sierra Leone 0.273 99 Belize 100 Ecuador 101 Iran,Islamic Rep.of 102 Palestinian Territories 103 El Salvador 104 Guyana 105 Cape Verde 106 Syrian Arab Republic 107 Uzbekistan 108 Algeria 109 Equatorial Guinea 110 Kyrgyzstan 111 Indonesia 0.692 112 Viet Nam 113 Moldova,Rep.of 114 Bolivia 115 Honduras 116 Tajikistan 117 Mongolia 118 Nicaragua 119 South Africa 120 Egypt 121 Guatemala 122 Gabon 123 São Tomé and Principe 124 Solomon Islands 125 Morocco 126 Namibia 127 India 128 Botswana 129 Vanuatu 130 Cambodia 131 Ghana 132 Myanmar 133 Papua New Guinea 134 Bhutan 135 Lao People’s Dem.Rep. 136 Comoros 137 Swaziland 138 Bangladesh 139 Sudan 140 Nepal 141 Cameroon 56 Bulgaria 57 Russian Federation 58 Libyan Arab Jamahiriya 59 Malaysia 60 Macedonia,TFYR 61 Panama 62 Belarus 63 Tonga 64 Mauritius 65 Albania 66 Bosnia and Herzegovina 67 Suriname 68 Venezuela 69 Romania 70 Ukraine 71 Saint Lucia 72 Brazil 73 Colombia 74 Oman 75 Samoa (Western) 76 Thailand 77 Saudi Arabia 78 Kazakhstan 79 Jamaica 80 Lebanon 81 Fiji 82 Armenia 83 Philippines 84 Maldives 85 Peru 86 Turkmenistan 87 St.Vincent &the Grenadines 88 Turkey 89 Paraguay 90 Jordan 91 Azerbaijan 92 Tunisia 93 Grenada 94 China 95 Dominica 96 Sri Lanka 97 Georgia 98 Dominican 29 Barbados 30 Cyprus 31 Malta 32 Czech Republic 33 Brunei Darussalam 34 Argentina 35 Seychelles 36 Estonia 37 Poland 38 Hungary 39 Saint Kitts and Nevis 40 Bahrain 41 Lithuania 42 Slovakia 43 Chile 44 Kuwait 45 Costa Rica 46 Uruguay 47 Qatar 48 Croatia 49 United Arab Emirates 50 Latvia 51 Bahamas 52 Cuba 53 Mexico 54 Trinidad and Tobago 55 Antigua and Barbuda 1 Norway 0.956 2 Sweden 3 Australia 4 Canada 5 Netherlands 6 Belgium 7 Iceland 8 United States 9 Japan 10 Ireland 11 Switzerland 12 United Kingdom 13 Finland 14 Austria 15 Luxembourg 16 France 17 Denmark 18 New Zealand 19 Germany 20 Spain 21 Italy 22 Israel 23 Hong Kong,China 24 Greece 25 Singapore 26 Portugal 27 Slovenia 28 Korea,Rep.of Sources: www.undp.org Medium Low Medium High Low Human Development Medium Human Development High Human Development
  • 8. World Competitiveness Yearbook 2004 1 58 60 USA 100.000 Indonesia 38.095 Venezuela 24.748
    • Value System
    • Impact of Globalization
    • Education
    • Prices
    • Health and Environment
    • Management Practices
    • Business Legislation
    • Employment
    • Scientific Infrastructure
    • Finance
    • Institutional Framework
    • International Investment
    • Technological Infrastructure
    • Labor Market
    • Fiscal Policy
    • International Trade
    • Basic Infrastructure
    • Productivity
    • Public Finance
    • Domestic Economy
    Infrastructure Business Efficiency Government Efficiency Economic Performance The Breakdown of Competitiveness Factors
  • 9. THE WORLD COMPETITIVENESS SCOREBOARD 2004 24.748 Venezuela 60 57.462 Slovak Rep 40 73.730 Bavaria 20 36.937 Argentina 59 58.485 Portugal 39 74.265 Zhejiang 19 38.095 Indonesia 58 59.557 Maharashtra 38 74.394 New Zealand 18 41.953 Poland 57 61.429 Rhone-Alps 37 75.468 Norway 17 43.239 Mexico 56 62.026 Scotland 36 75.919 Malaysia 16 43.459 Turkey 55 62.201 Korea 35 78.613 Netherlands 15 47.997 Romania 54 62.971 India 34 78.809 Switzerland 14 48.130 Brazil 53 63.458 Israel 33 78.933 Austria 13 49.666 Philippines 52 64.646 Ile-De-France 32 79.543 Taiwan 12 50.307 Italy 51 67.414 Spain 31 79.578 Sweden 11 52.140 Russia 50 67.673 France 30 80.303 Ireland 10 53.786 South Africa 49 68.235 Thailand 29 83.083 Luxembourg 9 54.131 Jordan 48 68.426 Estonia 28 83.636 Finland 8 55.008 Sao Paulo 47 69.802 Catalonia 27 84.378 Denmark 7 55.270 Lombardy 46 69.901 Chile 26 85.765 Hong Kong 6 55.498 Slovenia 45 70.324 Belgium 25 86.015 Iceland 5 56.346 Greece 44 70.725 China 24 86.046 Australia 4 56.440 Czech Rep 43 71.915 Japan 23 86.626 Canada 3 57.209 Hungary 42 72.186 United Kingdom 22 89.008 Singapore 2 57.370 Colombia 41 73.435 Germany 21 100.000 USA 1 Sources: International Institute for Management Development www01.imd.ch/wcy/ranking/
  • 10. Clusters of excellence
    • Top academic or commercial research facilities;
    • At least a handful of entrepreneurs with strong role models;
    • Tax policies, especially on stock options and capital gains, that do not discourage entrepreneurs;
    • An infrastructure of professional services companies;
    • An outward-looking commercial tradition;
    • A pool of local investors that specialize in early-stage technology companies;
    • A great place to live as well as work.
    Sources: Forbes Globe magazine
  • 11. The Hierarchy of the Cities Los Angeles Chicago New York 多倫多 Miami Huston San Francisco San Paulo Buenos Aires Mexico London Paris Tokyo    Frankfurt Madrid Milan Johannesburg Singapore Seoul Taipei Hong Kong Bangkok Manila Beijing Shanghai Kuala Lumpur Sydney Osaka Melbourne Santo Domingo Brussels Zurich Moscow Copenhagen Stockholm core city semi-periphery periphery
  • 12. THE BEST PLACES IN THE WORLD TO START A BUSINESS 2002 Indonesia Ranking Berapa ya .?? Sources: www.forbes.com/global/2001/0528/070.html Sweden 13 Poland 25 Japan 12 South Africa 24 Germany 11 Mexico 23 Netherlands 10 France 22 Finland 9 Brazil 21 Taiwan 8 India 20 Australia 7 Italy 19 Belgium 6 Korea 18 UK 5 China 17 Ireland 4 Israel 16 Hong Kong 3 Malaysia 15 Singapore 2 Spain 14 USA 1
  • 13. Internet Users in Asia (2000) Digital divide and its implications on curriculums, etc Source: http://www.nua.ie 0.13% 100,000 Vietnam 12 0.18% 400,000 Indonesia 11 0.45% 4,500,000 India 10 0.6% 500,000 Philippines 9 1.3% 17,000,000 China 8 1.6% 1,000,000 Thailand 7 7% 1,500,000 Malaysia 6 29% 6,400,000 Taiwan 5 30% 38,000,000 Japan 4 34% 16,000,000 South Korea 3 44% 1,850,000 Singapore 2 48% 3,460,000 Hong Kong 1 % population Number of Internet Users Country Rank
  • 14. Knowledge-based Economy
    • New economic is powered by technology, driven by ideas, rooted in innovation and enterprise. (Bill Clinton)
    • Knowledge-based economy are those which are directly based on the production, distribution and utilization of knowledge and information. [ OECD ]
    • Knowledge-based economy mean that economic activities which are directly or indirectly promoted via knowledge, information, and innovation.
  • 15. Innovation
    • Innovation is the spirit of knowledge-based economy, however, it’s difficult to get some innovative achievements without high quality of human resources .
    • Education is the foundation of knowledge-based economy for knowledge production, distribution, and application. Besides, high quality of human resources must be based on good education .
    • Innovation can transform knowledge into wealth and create additional value of products.
  • 16. Terima Kasih Peran Perguruan Tinggi dalam Era Global: Penutup
    • Menyiapkan SDM yang handal dan berdaya saing tinggi untuk dapat mengejar ketinggalan dari negara-negara lain.
    • Daya saing yang bersumber dari kualitas manusia harus makin diandalkan karena bangsa Indonesia tidak bisa terus-menerus mengandalkan tenaga kerja dan sumber alam yang dihargai murah.