New Paradigm of Planning: Indonesia National Development Planning System


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23 September 2011 Guest Lecture at School of Business Cowell Hall Room #418 University of San Francisco

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New Paradigm of Planning: Indonesia National Development Planning System

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  2. 2. Name : Dadang Solihin Place of Birth : Bandung 6 November 1961 Ocupation : Director for Regional Development Performance Evaluation-Bappenas Office : Jl. Taman Suropati No. 2 Jakarta 10310 Office Ph/Fax : 6221 392 6248 CP : 6281 2 932 2202 PIN BB : 277878F0 Email : Website : 3
  3. 3. Content C t t• What is NDPS• NDPS Purpose p• Planning Process• Development Goal and Issues• Planning Documents Legal Status• Regional Development vs Development in the Region• Development Performer: Governance Paradigm• Troika: The Pattern of Relationship between Government Private Business, Government, Business and Society 4
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  5. 5. What is NDPSNDPS is Development planning procedure To produce development plans in the long term, medium term, and annual Implemented by a component of the state and society at national and local levels. 6
  6. 6. NDPS Purpose p1. Supports coordination among d1 S t di ti development actors. l t t g , y ,2. Ensure the creation of integration, synchronization, and synergy of both inter-regional, inter-space, inter-time, inter- government functions as well as between central and regional. regional3. Ensure the linkage and consistency between planning, budgeting, i l b d ti implementation, and supervision. t ti d i i4.4 Optimizing public participation participation.5. Ensure the achievement of efficient use of resources, effective, equitable, and sustainable. 7
  7. 7. Planning ProcessPolitical Approach: ppElection of President / Head of Regional produce developmentplans of the political process (public choice theory of planning),especially the translation of vision and mission in RPJM/Local RPJM/Local.Technocratic Process:Using the method and framework of scientific thinking by theagency or working unit that is functionally responsible for it.Participatory:Conducted by involving all stakeholders, including throughparticipatory planning meetings (Musrenbang). ti i t l i ti (M b )Top-downTop down and bottom up Process: bottom-upCarried out according to levels of government. 8
  8. 8. Indicators Criteria: SMART Criteria • Specific-crystal clear, not invite multiple interpretations. • Measureable-can be measured, what gets measured gets managed. • Attainable-can be attained, reasonable cost using and appropriate collection method. • Relevant. Iinformation needs of the people who will use the data. • Timely. Collected and reported at the right time to influence many manage decision. 9
  9. 9. Good Planning ConditionsMust have, know, and take into account:1. The desired final goal. g2. The goals and priorities to make it happen (which reflects the selection of alternatives).3. Period of time to achieve those goals.4. The problems encountered.5. Capital or resources to be used as well as the allocation.6. Policies to implement them.7. Person, organization, or the executing agency.8. Monitoring mechanisms, evaluation, and supervision its implementation. 10
  10. 10. Function / Benefit of PlanningF nction• As a means of coordinating all stakeholders• As a guiding direction• Minimization of uncertainty• Minimization of resource inefficiency• The t d d Th standards and quality d lit control. 11
  11. 11. Planning Documents Legal Status NATIONAL LOCAL Documents Determination Documents DeterminationNational Long Term Law Local Long Term Local RegulationDevelopment Plan (National Development Plan (LocalRPJP) RPJP)National Medium Term President Local Medium Term Local GovernmentDevelopment Plan (National Regulations Development Plan (Local Head RegulationRPJM) RPJM)Strategic Plan of the Ministry Ministerial Strategic Plan of the Local Local Agency/ Institution (Renstra KL) ( ) g Regulations Agency (Renstra SKPD) g y( ) g Head RegulationGovernment Working Plan President Local Government Working Local Government(RKP) Regulations Plan (RKPD) Head RegulationWorking Plan for the Ministry Ministerial Local Agency Working Plan Local Agency/ Institution (Renja KL) Regulations (Renja SKPD) Head Regulation 12
  12. 12. The Ideal Planning• The Participatory Principle: people who will benefit from the plan must participate in the process.• The Sustainability Principle: the planning does not just stop at one stage, but must continue in order to ensure the continuous progress in prosperity and do not let setbacks prosperity, setbacks.• Holistic principle: problems in the planning and implementation can not be seen only from one side (or sector) but should be y ( ) viewed from various aspects, and the integrity of the overall concept.• Containing system that can grow (a learning and adaptive systems).• Open and democratic (a pluralistic social setting) setting). 13
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  14. 14. What is Development? Development Goals:Development are: 1. Improvement of living standards• process of change f h (levels of living) per person, good toward better conditions income, level of food consumption,• through a planned effort effort. clothing, shelter, clothing shelter health care care, education, etc. 2. The creation of a variety of conditions Kartasasmita, Kartasasmita 1996 that allow the growth of self-confidence (self-esteem). 3. 3 Increased freedom (freedom/ democracy. Todaro, 2000 15
  15. 15. How? Ho ?1. Reducing disparity or inequality of development g • between regions • between sub regions • among community members (equity and j g y ( q y justice). )2. Empowering communities and alleviate poverty.3. Creating or adding jobs. g gj4. Increase income and welfare of local communities.5. Maintain or preserve natural resources for the benefit of present p p and future generations (sustainable). 16
  16. 16. Challenges in Development g p Adequate and • Reducing inequality qualified • Empowering Infrastructures communities • All i ti poverty. Alleviating t • Add to employment. • Conserve natural resources Conducive Business Environment E i t Utilization of natural resources quality Better coordination among stakeholdersHR Capacity Building 17
  17. 17. REGIONAL DEVELOPMENT DEVELOPMENT IN THE REGION Efforts planned to increase Efforts to empower Local Government capacity communities across the region So as to create a reliable and So as to create an environment professional skills in: that allows the public to: Providing services to the  Enjoy a better quality of life, community, progress, and peace, M Manage l l i local economic  I Increased prestige, di it d ti dignity, resources. and self-esteem. 18
  18. 18. REGIONAL DEVELOPMENT Conducted By: Strengthening Natural Resource Good GovernanceRegional Autonomy Management The Balance of Th Th B l f Three Pill Pillars R l Role Government G t Business Entity B i E tit People P l Running and Creation of create conducive Brought job creation social interaction, political and legal and income economic andenvironment to other generation. political. elements. 19
  19. 19. Paradigm Shift : From Government to Governance Government Governance P id exclusive rights f the Provide l i i ht for th  P bli affairs i a matter for with Public ff i is tt f ith state to regulate matters of government, civil society and public, business world as the three main Actors on the outside can only actors. be included as far as the state allows it. it 20
  20. 20. Development Performer: p Governance Paradigm Interactions among Government, Private Business, and Society based on the principle of transparency, accountability, participation, etc.. Manpower Control Control Business Government p People Entity E tit Value Redistibution Added through Service Market If those principles are fulfilled, Governance will be Good . 21
  21. 21. Development Performer: Stakeholders p STATE CITIZENS Executive i organized into: i di t Judiciary Community-based organizations g Legislature Non-governmental organizations Professional Associations Public service Religious groups Military Women’s groups Police Media BUSINESS Small / medium / large enterprises Multinational Corporations Financial institutions Fi i l i tit ti Stock exchange 22
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  23. 23. Troika: The Pattern of Relationshipbetween Government Private Business and Society Government, Business, Society, Nation, and the State People VISION Government Good Governance Business Entity 24
  24. 24. Stakeholders S nergit Synergity 25
  25. 25. Stakeholders S nergit Synergity 26
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