Local Initiatives for E-Government (L.I.F.E) IT Pilot Project Dadang Solihin INDONESIA Advanced International Training Programme of Information Technology Management Karlstad-Sweden, 26 September 2005 Download file: http://www.docstoc.com/profile/DadangSolihin
Governance reform, increased transparency and citizen participation are best supported through:
Increased communication and information sharing capability of local government
Horizontally, between Kabupaten Governments
Vertically, to and from citizens and national agencies
Availability of streamlined, on-demand services
Education and economic empowerment of local citizenry, resulting in better informed participatory decision making
E-Government offers all these benefits at low cost/benefit ratio
Why Public Access is Important to the Success of E-Government?
Providing network infrastructure solely for government use is ineffective in promoting significant reform as long as government’s key constituency –citizens - are unable to access the enhanced services.
1% Internet penetration, 3% telephone penetration
Poor fixed line infrastructure
High cost of service
Wartel, Warnet use outstrips private use by more than 10:1 ratio
Public Access is the only practical alternative for providing low cost citizen access to E-Gov services.
Local strategic partners could include: NGO’s, Women’s groups, service agencies, etc
National agency partner could include: IPTEKNET/BPPT, Wasantara/Telkom, National Development Planning Agency, Ministry of Home Affairs, etc
Organization and Other Stakeholders www.dadangsolihin.com National Advisory Board Steering Committee
Head of BAPPENAS
Echelon 1 of MoHA, MoF, etc.
Civil society representatives
Echelon 2 of Bapennas, MoHA, MoF, etc.
National Project Secretariat
National Team Leader
Regional Secretariat Kabupaten Office Provincial Government Kabupaten Government Local Civil Society Advantages
Enhance stakeholders’ ownership of the project.
Increase opportunity to utilize several dissemination channels (e.g., NGO and press network, political parties, business community)
Central level governmental agency can concentrate on policy making and instilling the project values to provincial and local government officials
Project Secretariat has clear targets and milestones and autonomy to achieve them
Communication www.dadangsolihin.com Organization Unit Memberships Responsibility Accountability Steering Committee (SC) - National Advisory Board
Balance memberships of civil society and gov’t representatives
Chaired by Head of Bappenas
Provide policy objectives and targets of the project
Provide overall guidelines to the implementation of the project
Report to public and each superior Implementation Committee (IC) - National Advisory Board Balance memberships of civil society and government representatives
Determine milestones and targets of the project
Monitor project implementation and provide insight of the national issues and policies
Report to the SC on annual/ semester basis National Project Secretariat (NPS) Lead Consultant Coordinates Preparation and Pilot Project Phases. Report to the IC on monthly basis Regional Project Secretariat (RPS) Project Consultants Provide specific project support services during Deployment Phase. Report to the NPS on monthly basis Kabupaten Office (KO) Local Consultants Provide on site consultation and community education Report to the RPS on biweekly/ monthly basis
Basic Options for Supporting Deployment of Public Access and E-government Services
Funding for public sector community access and local government infrastructure.
Funding for private sector retail access services.
Funding for public sector/private sector partnership to provide community access, retail services, and local government ICT infrastructure.
How Would a Public Sector/Private Sector Partnership be Structured?
Borrower provides: equity funds to Kabupatens, national agency and local strategic partner(s).
Kabupaten/public stakeholders provide: equity, and facility with power supply, to private sector partner to fund startup costs.
Private sector partner provides $100,000 bond to fund operating capital.
Private sector partner(s)
Local strategic partner(s)
How Should LIFE be Implemented ? www.dadangsolihin.com
Ongoing award and implementation process for duration of project or until 10 Kabupatens served.
Ongoing integration of national e-government initiatives.
Ongoing development and aggregation of local content.
Ongoing data gathering on governance impact, social impact, economic impact.
Sign formal partnership agreements
Prepare sites and deploy infrastructure
Train local consultants
Begin data gathering & local government services integration process
Begin socialization & PR campaign
Business opens, beginning of 90 day data gathering period
Evaluation of logistical & HR experiences of deployment period
Evaluation of operational period and evaluation of pilot performance
Recommendations for full scale rollout
RFP process conducted again, informed by pilot experiences
Tender process to choose project consultants to provide ongoing HR, content aggregation support, gather impact data, etc.
Establishment of legal structure
Negotiate content delivery platform issues
Develop content aggregation platform
Begin content aggregation – e-government applications
Design training program for local consultants
Assist the borrower to:
Create Kabupaten eligibility guidelines & publicize
Create deliverables information
Create and distribute info to private sector
Issue request for proposals (RFP) to Kabupatens & private sector
Evaluate proposals & Kabupaten eligibility
Pilot Project Phase (Month 6-9) Full Deployment (Month 10-Project End) Preparation Phase (Month 1-3)
Provides local government with technical consultation & maintains government LAN
Provides citizen groups, SME, etc. with e-government services training & consultation
CTEC – Community Technology Education Consultant
Teaches on site technical related education courses
Provides consultation to SME, institutions, etc on appropriate applications, workplace technical integration, etc.
CCM – Community Content Manager
Produces, manages and aggregates content of interest to local users
Coordinates content sharing with Lead & Project consultants, and National Agency.
www.dadangsolihin.com To effectively socialize ICT use within the community, support local government in successfully adopting technology, accelerate market penetration, and produce / aggregate locally relevant content, funding should be provided for the following MTC staffing:
Estimated Project Cost www.dadangsolihin.com Activity Cost Equity funds to Kabupatens US$ 1,000,000 10 Kabupatensx$100,000 Lead Consultant Costs (Preparation & Pilot phases) +/- US$ 750,000 Project Consultant Costs (Deployment Phase) +/- US$ 200,000 Local Consultant Costs (Deployment Phase) +/- US$ 250,000 10 Kabupatens x 3 positions x 2 years Salary Rp. 2 mil/month + benefits Incidental Costs +/- US$ 50,000 TOTAL PROJECTED COST +/- US$ 2,250,000
ill-conceived e-govt plans can be a costly mistake, financially and politically. Understand the basic reasons for pursuing/ not pursuing e-govt. Prepare the resources and political will.
Have no clear vision and priorities.
E-govt will refer to many different things. Encourage stakeholders to participate in defining the vision.
Make the vision citizen-centered.
Communicate the vision.
The stakeholders are not ready yet.
E-govt will not running well. Share information with the public and across the govt agencies. Prepare the infrastructure, legal framework, human capital, etc.
Not enough political will.
E-govt will not be sustained. Find active political leadership, financial resources, inter-agency coordination, human effort, etc.
Motivate political leaders.
Resistances from within the Government.
Civil servants refuse to adopt the new procedures. To understand the reasons why officials resist. Identify the most likely sources of resistance and devise plan to overcome them. Identification Consequences Response Development Response Control
www.dadangsolihin.com Dadang holds a MA degree (Economics), University of Colorado, USA. His previous post is Head, Center for Research Data and Information at DPD Secretariat General as well as Deputy Director for Information of Spatial Planning and Land Use Management at Indonesian National Development Planning Agency (Bappenas).
Beside working as Assistant Professor at Graduate School of Asia-Pacific Studies, Waseda University, Tokyo, Japan, he also active as Associate Professor at University of Darma Persada, Jakarta, Indonesia.
He got various training around the globe, included the Training Seminar on Land Use and Management, Taiwan (2004); Developing Multimedia Applications for Managers, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia (2003); Applied Policy Development Training, Vancouver, Canada (2002); Local Government Administration Training Course, Hiroshima, Japan (2001); and Regional Development and Planning Training Course, Sapporo, Japan (1999). He published more than five books regarding local autonomous.
You can reach Dadang Solihin by email at [email_address] or by his mobile at +62812 932 2202