[Ebook] IELTS Level 4


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Giáo trình IELTS Level 4.

DTU Corp được thành lập vào tháng 9 năm 2008, chuyên hoạt động trong các lĩnh vực: tư vấn du học, dạy Anh ngữ, dạy Toán bằng tiếng Anh và đào tạo kỹ năng sống "Tôi Khác Biệt".

Slogan: Vì tương lai giới trẻ
Sứ mệnh: Mang nền giáo dục thế giới đến với mọi người bằng chi phí thấp nhất
Tầm nhìn: Trở thành công ty đi đầu châu Á trong các lĩnh vực: du học, đào tạo và quảng cáo
Giá trị cốt lõi: Đột phá -- Tận tình -- Uy tín

Thông tin liên hệ:
Công ty tư vấn du học DTU
158 Hồ Bá Kiện, phường 15, Quận 10, TPHCM, Việt Nam
Hotline: 0933.855.031
Website:www.dtu.com.vn|| www.duhocnhom.com || www.toikhacbiet.vn

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[Ebook] IELTS Level 4

  1. 1. DTU Corp. DTU Corp. 1 Scheme of work Week 1 Unit 1 3 Unit 1: A Forming questions, be, do and have Unit 1: B Forming questions and answers, be, do and have Unit 1: C Suffixes, idiomatic expressions Unit 1: D Action verbs and state verbs Unit 1: E IELTS Exercises Week 2 Unit 2 34 Unit 2: A Present simple passive, sports and leisure Unit 2: B Synonyms and antonyms, multi-word verbs Unit 2: C Numbers (1) Unit 2: D Letters and emails, formal and informal styles Unit 2: E IELTS Exercises Week 3 Unit 3 63 Unit 3: A Numbers (2) Unit 3: B Past simple and past continuous, news Unit 3: C Past perfect, art and literature Unit 3: D Permission and obligation Unit 3: E IELTS Exercises Week 4 Unit 4 98 Unit 4: A Ability, giving advice Unit 4: B Negative obligation, requests and offers Unit 4: C Positives and negatives - balancing Unit 4: D The future – will and going to Unit 4: E IELTS Exercises Week 5 Unit 5 128 Unit 5: A Make, do and like Unit 5: B Adjectives - food, places and people Unit 5: C Mid-course assessment preparation and review Unit 5: D Mid-course assessment preparation and tests Unit 5: E Mid-course assessment test review and feedback
  2. 2. DTU Corp. DTU Corp. 2 Week 6 Unit 6 146 Unit 6: A Present perfect, a life story Unit 6: B The past - news, CV Unit 6: C Multi-word verbs, first conditional Unit 6: D First conditional, second conditional (1) Unit 6: E Project Work Session Week 7 Unit 7 178 Unit 7: A First conditional, second conditional (1) Unit 7: B Money, adjectives, multi-word verbs Unit 7: C Possibility and probability Unit 7: D Adjective + preposition combinations, character Unit 7: E Project Work Session Week 8 Unit 8 208 Unit 8: A Continuous forms Unit 8: B Questions about quantity, time expressions Unit 8: C Prefixes and suffixes, direct and indirect questions Unit 8: D Questions, questions tags, multi-word verbs Unit 8: E Project Work Session Week 9 Unit 9 240 Unit 9: A The human body, reporting Unit 9: B Reporting questions, statements and commands Unit 9: C Time, life events Unit 9: D Review 1 Unit 9: E Project Work Session Week 10 Unit 10 276 Unit 10: A Review 2 Unit 10: B Review 3 Unit 10: C End-of-course assessment preparation and tests Unit 10: D End-of-course assessment test review and feedback Unit 10: E Project presentation, assessment and feedback
  3. 3. DTU Corp. DTU Corp. 3 Unit 1: A 1 Listening and Speaking Activity Listen to the recording of a man telling us about himself. Form five questions you would like to ask him and share it with the class. Listen to the details he gave. Form questions to ask him for additional information. Use What, Where, Why, When, How in your questions. 2 Make questions from these sentences. 1 I come from Thailand. (Where?) _____________________________________________________________________ 2 I was born in Beijing in 1991. (Where? When?) _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ 3 I live in Manila. (Where?) _____________________________________________________________________ 4 I’ve got two sisters and a brother. (How many?) _____________________________________________________________________ 5 I’m studying English because I need it for my studies. (Why?) _____________________________________________________________________ 6 I’ve been studying English for two years. (How long?) _____________________________________________________________________ 7 I’ve been to the Malaysia, Vietnam, Japan, and Australia. (Which countries?) _____________________________________________________________________
  4. 4. DTU Corp. DTU Corp. 4 8 I went to Malaysia three years ago. (When?) _____________________________________________________________________ 2 With a partner, ask and answer the questions you made in Activity 1 and write your partner’s answers. 3 Tell the class about your partner. 4 As you listen, form one question to ask your friend about his/her partner. Ask your question when your friend has finished introducing the partner. 5 Making questions Put the words in the right order to make questions. Then write answers about yourself. Example parents where were your born? Where were your parents born? My mother was born in Shenzhen and my father was born in Dalian. 1 you do who live with? ____________________________________________________________________? ____________________________________________________________________ 2 learning you started were how when you English old? ___________________________________________________________________ ? Where do you come from? Thailand. Where were you born? In Phuket, Thailand. Tharadol comes from Thailand. He was born on Phuket in 1989, but now he lives in Hong Kong. He has one brother and three sisters…
  5. 5. DTU Corp. DTU Corp. 5 _____________________________________________________________________ 3 go you where holiday were did younger when you on? ___________________________________________________________________ ? _____________________________________________________________________ 4 read any your in books free you do time? ___________________________________________________________________ ? _____________________________________________________________________ 5 to time night what did go this bed you last? ___________________________________________________________________ ? _____________________________________________________________________ 6 Great Wall China ever to to been the have see you? ___________________________________________________________________ ? _____________________________________________________________________ 7 father look your you like do? ___________________________________________________________________ ? _____________________________________________________________________ 6 Reply to the following sentences with a suitable question. Example ‘I’m going for lunch.’ What are you going to eat? 1 ‘Hamid speaks three languages.’ ___________________________________________________________________ ? 2 ‘We had a wonderful time at the zoo.’ ___________________________________________________________________ ? 3 ‘Mei Ling and Enlai paid a lot of money for their car.’
  6. 6. DTU Corp. DTU Corp. 6 ___________________________________________________________________ ? 4 ‘Mr Wong and his wife have a big family’ ___________________________________________________________________ ? 5 ‘Shirley’s going to the theatre tonight.’ ___________________________________________________________________ ? 6 ‘Prem’s writing an email.’ ___________________________________________________________________ ? 7 ‘The lesson was really interesting.’ ___________________________________________________________________ ? 8 ‘We had an amazing holiday.’ ___________________________________________________________________ ? 7 Using do, be and have Read the following sentences and notice the changes. do 1 I like Coke. 2 I don’t like Pepsi. 3 Do you like Coke? 4 My brother likes Coke. 5 My sister doesn’t like Coke. 6 Does your friend like Coke? be 1 I am happy. 2 I am not sad. 3 Are you happy? 4 My brother is happy.
  7. 7. DTU Corp. DTU Corp. 7 5 My sister isn’t happy. 6 Is your friend happy? http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Grand_Palace_Bangkok.jpg by D.Alyoshin have 1 I have visited Bangkok. 2 I haven’t visited Shanghai. 3 Have you visited Bangkok? 4 My brother has visited Bangkok. 5 My sister hasn’t visited Bangkok. 6 Has your friend visited Bangkok?
  8. 8. DTU Corp. DTU Corp. 8 8 Continue the following sets of sentences in the same way. 1 I study in a school. 2 _______________________________________________ in a university. 3 __________________________________________________________________ 4 __________________________________________________________________ 5 __________________________________________________________________ 6 __________________________________________________________________ 1 I’m learning English. 2 ________________________________________________ French. 3 __________________________________________________________________ 4 __________________________________________________________________ 5 __________________________________________________________________ 6 __________________________________________________________________ 1 I saw the Pacific Ocean. 2 _____________________________________________ the Atlantic Ocean. 3 __________________________________________________________________ 4 __________________________________________________________________ 5 __________________________________________________________________ 6 __________________________________________________________________ 1 I’ve met Jackie Chan. 2 _______________________________________________ President Obama. 3 __________________________________________________________________ 4 __________________________________________________________________ 5 __________________________________________________________________ 6 __________________________________________________________________
  9. 9. DTU Corp. DTU Corp. 9 9 Completing a conversation Read this telephone conversation and put the correct form of do, be and have into each gap. Use the contracted form where possible. J Good morning, Lenovo hotline. This is Jenny speaking. How can I help you? C Oh, hello. I (a) ____________ got a problem with my laptop. It (b) ___________ (not) working at all! J Okay. Could you tell me your name and the name of the company your work for, please? C My name is Carl. . I (c) ______________ (not) work for a company. I work for myself at home, and I (d) _____________ trying to finish an important piece of work. J Alright, Carl. Could you tell me what (e) _______________ happened? C I (f) _______________ working on my assignment, when suddenly everything stopped and a message came on the screen. Then the screen went blank. J Okay, Carl, (g) ______________ (not) worry! What (h) ______________ the message say? C I can’t remember exactly, because I (i) __________________ (not) understand it, but I think it said something about the memory. J It’s all right, Carl. I understand. (j) __________________ you switched the computer off? C No, I (k) _________________ (not). It’s still on. J Fine, Carl. Now do exactly what I say. Go to your computer, okay? Can you see a Red ‘P’ in the bottom left-hand corner? Click on that. Now, what (l)____________________ it say? Can you read it to me? C There’s a list of things. First it says... 10 Here are some questions about the conversation between Jenny and Carl. The words of the questions are not in order. Put them in the correct order. Then answer each question. 1 Carl the is why Lenovo hotline calling? ________________________________________________________________ ?
  10. 10. DTU Corp. DTU Corp. 10 Because __________________________________________________________ 2 work for Carl does company which? ________________________________________________________________ ? He _______________________________________________________________ 3 doing when laptop he his was what stopped? ________________________________________________________________ ? He _______________________________________________________________ 4 Carl why remember message the can’t? ________________________________________________________________ ? Because___________________________________________________________ 5 switched computer he has his off? ________________________________________________________________ ? No, ______________________________________________________________ 11 Listen to the conversation between two tourists and answer the questions below. Put a T for True and a F for False in the bracket. 1. The night market is difficult to find. ( ) 2. Taking the taxi is better than taking the subway. ( ) 3. Taxis are usually cheap in Bangkok. ( ) 4. You should not bargain at the night market because everything is cheap already. ( ) 5. Tourist 2 thinks that tourist 1 asks silly questions. ( )
  11. 11. DTU Corp. DTU Corp. 11 Unit 1: B 1 Using do, be and have Complete these questions with the correct form of do, be and have. 1. A What _________________ do at the weekend? B I stayed at home and played on my computer. 2. A What kind of films_________________ like watching? B I like action movies and science fiction. 3. A _____________ ever been to Macau? B Yes, I have. I went there last year. A _________________ like it? B Yes, I loved it. 4. A What _____________ the teacher ______________? B She’s helping Mei Ling with this activity. 5. A What ______________ your mother do? B She works in a shop. 6. A Why ________________ do your homework last night? B Because I went out for dinner with my family. 7. A What _______________ doing on Friday? B I’m going to see a film at the cinema. 8. A _____________ you ___________ a computer in your bedroom? B No, I haven’t. 2 Conversations Match a question in A with a short answer in B and a sentence in C. A B C 1 Do you like studying here? 2 Is it a nice day today? 3 Have you seen my hand phone? 4 Are you staying at home this evening? 5 Did you go overseas last year? No, I haven’t. Yes, I am. Yes, I do. No, I didn’t. No, it isn’t. It’s raining heavily. It’s a good school. I couldn’t afford to. Do you want to come round? You can borrow mine if you want.
  12. 12. DTU Corp. DTU Corp. 12 3 Negatives and short answers Complete the sentences with the correct form of do, be and have in the positive or negative. Examples Andy likes carrots but Joe doesn’t. I don’t like carrots but Nicky does. 1 I’ve been to Indonesia but Anita _______________________. 2 Sathya isn’t studying hard but I ________________________. 3 Jiang loves fishing but we _____________________________. 4 I did my homework last night but my sister ___________________. 5 Jackie hasn’t finished his work but Eddie ____________________. 6 We don’t want to leave now but they __________________. 7 I didn’t remember to bring my book but you ______________. 8 Your English is good but mine _______________. 4 Writing answers Answer these questions about you with a short answer and some more information. Example Do you speak three languages? Yes, I do. I speak Chinese, Korean, and English. No, I don’t. I only speak two, Chinese and English. 1 Are you enjoying this lesson? ____________________________________________________________________. 2 Did you have a good teacher in primary school? ____________________________________________________________________. 3 Have you ever been to Singapore? ____________________________________________________________________. 4 Do you often watch English language films? ____________________________________________________________________. 5 Have you been on a plane many times? ____________________________________________________________________.
  13. 13. DTU Corp. DTU Corp. 13 5 have/have got 6 Using have and have got Complete the sentences with the correct form of have or have got. Example Excuse me! Do you have the time, please? or Excuse me! Have you got the time, please? GRAMMAR CHECK 1 Have and have got are used to show possession. It is used in the Present Simple. I have two brothers. I’ve got two brothers. He has long legs. He’s got long legs. 2 We can make questions like this. Do you have any money? Yes, I do. Have you got any money? Yes, I have. 3 We can make negative sentences like this. He hasn’t got any money. He doesn’t have any money. 4 We use have in all other tenses. I had swimming lessons when I was six. I didn’t have a computer when I was a child. I’ve had a pet cat since I was nine. I’ll have test next week. I like having English lessons. I’d like to have more English lessons. 5 Have is used to talk about actions and experiences. Have breakfast/a cup of tea/a break. Have a bath haircut/a rest. Have a chat/a dream/an accident. Have a look at something/a word with someone. 6 We use have more in written/formal English. We use have got more in spoken/informal English.
  14. 14. DTU Corp. DTU Corp. 14 1 I’m so hungry. I _____________________________ anything to eat last night. 2 ‘Why’s Chitra taking medicine?’ ‘Because she ________________________________ a headache.’ 3 ‘What would you like to eat?’ ‘I _____________________ some noodles, please.’ 4 ‘Can you lend me ten dollars?’ ‘Sorry. I __________________ my wallet with me.’ 5 Suzy ____________________ her baby. It’s a boy. They’re calling him Roy. 6 We _____________________ a party on Friday. Would you like to come? 7 Can I _______________ a word with you later? 8 How was your picnic? ________ you ________ a good time? 9 Could you help me? I ___________ a problem, and I don’t know what to do. 10 What time _________________ do usually _______________ dinner? 7 Important inventions Work with a partner. Rank the inventions listed below ‘1’ for the most important to ‘8’ for the least important. the computer ___________ the Internet ___________ the car ___________ the train ___________ the television ___________ the mobile phone ___________ the aeroplane ___________ the light bulb ___________ 8 The most important inventions Work in groups and try to agree on the three most important inventions in the list above. Which invention has changed the world the most? Give reasons for your choices. 1 ___________________________
  15. 15. DTU Corp. DTU Corp. 15 ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ 2 ___________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ 3 ___________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ 9 Discussing your ideas Talk together as a class. What other important inventions would you add to the list? Why?
  16. 16. DTU Corp. DTU Corp. 16 10 Reading Comprehension Pre-reading Questions: 1. Who does not eat instant ramen? 2. Any one here has never owned a walkman/Discman/MP3 Player etc? http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Sony_net_md_walkman_mz_n510.jpg http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Instant_ramen.jpg Japan’s Greatest Invention: The Instant Ramen or The Walkman? Which is the greatest Japanese invention of the 20th Century? Instant ramen, which was voted the “Greatest Japanese Invention” in 2007 or the Walkman, which almost every one had one at some point of time in their life? These two Japanese icons are everywhere around the world. They can be found in the most diverse cultures and the farthest places on earth. The instant ramen was invented in 1958 by Nissin Food in Japan by Momofuku Ando. It was a modification of the original soup noodles sold in stores across Japan. Initially, the idea was not accepted by the food industry because they thought people would not accept the idea of food cooked so quickly. However, with the world changing into a fast paced place, the concept of a dish that can be prepared within minutes and eaten caught on. Tasty and quick, the instant ramen became the staple for a modern generation of people on the go. Ranging from students who need a quick meal between lectures to corporate climbers who have no time to cook, the instant ramen is the solution. The instant ramen is
  17. 17. DTU Corp. DTU Corp. 17 so popular that it has inspired identical copies of itself in other countries. Almost all Asian countries now have their own brand of instant noodles. What about the Walkman? This audio device was released in 1979 to the public by Sony. Its instant popularity was due to the convenience and solace it gave. Light and compact, the device allows you to retreat into your own private world at the click of a button. For people on the go, the walkman occupies your time and mind while you travel, keeping you company on those long and lonely times. The Walkman has since evolved. From cassettes to CDs and now to computer memory chips, the Walkman has kept up with the times to provide invaluable companionship to the traveller. It is so successful that it has spurred competitors to design similar devices. However, no one can ever change the fact that it was Sony that first provided us with the means to enter into our own space when we are on a long and tiring journey or at a crowded place. Reading for Gist: In 2 mins, scan through the passage and answer the questions below with a T for True and a F for False 1. The Walkman and Instant Ramen touched the life of many. ( ) 2. The Instant Ramen was voted greatest invention. ( ) 3. Before the invention of the instant ramen, people thought food should be cooked slowly. ( ) 4. The Walkman is popular because it is cheap. ( ) 5. The Walkman is the only audio device sold nowadays. ( ) 6. Read the passage carefully this time Summarise the reasons why Instant Ramen and the Walkman became successful below. Write the reasons in short and complete sentences. Instant Ramen ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ The Walkman
  18. 18. DTU Corp. DTU Corp. 18 ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ Vote for the product you think is the greatest invention. In your own words, write a paragraph explaining why and support your answer with examples. ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ 11 What is it? (1) Read these descriptions of inventions. What are they? 1 We find this in tall buildings. It is a small room. It has buttons to press to make it go up and down. _____________________________ 2 We find these where roads meet. They have got three colours. They tell drivers when to stop, go and slow down. ______________________________ 3 This has three or four blades. It is used to move the air. It helps people to stay cool. Big ones are usually fixed to the ceiling.
  19. 19. DTU Corp. DTU Corp. 19 _______________________________ 4 This thing has got a needle. We use it to make clothes. It moves very fast, so you must be careful when you use it. _______________________________ 5 This is a method of communication. You need to have a computer or a hand phone to use it. You can contact friends, look for information and play games with people in other places with it. ________________________________ 12 What is it? (2) Write descriptions of five things. Then give your descriptions to your partners and ask them to say what the things are. In your descriptions, remember to use appropriate adjectives. Generally, adjectives must be ordered in the manner: Size, shape, colour, origin, material, use NOUN Big (size), rectangular (shape), brown (colour), wooden (material) box Round (shape), Spanish (origin), porcelain (material) plates Error correction exercise: The order of adjectives in the passage below is wrong. In pairs, correct the order of adjectives and re-write the passage. Michael hated pre-war, old Melbourne – hated it at the very first sight of the foggy, horrible streets filled with dull, colourless crowds ambling home like soulless creatures, the shop windows glowing feebly in the misty twilight, the huge, slow buses reduced to red dim rumbling shapes that seemed to float out of nowhere amidst the white, thick fog and smoke. He particularly hated this dingy, dark, ugly room, with its broken-down, old furniture and the hissing gas heater in the fireplace that went out if you forgot to keep enough shillings to feed the hungry mouth of the coin slot. He thought about struggling into a woollen, heavy skirt and cardigan and pulling on a pair of thick stockings; he hated the feel of prickly, wet wool against his skin. The wool gloves, which he disliked even more, were suspended from a metal, thin wire in front of the pale-blue flames of the gas heater, drying from another hopeless, cold morning of job hunting and giving off an
  20. 20. DTU Corp. DTU Corp. 20 odour which Michael found loathsome. Everything in Australia seemed to smell of damp, cold wool, as if the entire population consisted of wet, smelly animals. 13 Role-Play: The inventor Work with a group to think of something new that you need or something that could be useful for people. Draw a picture of it and then describe it to your classmates. Design a short presentation about your invention. Use the following questions to help you. What is it? Why do we need it? How does it work? How do we use it? Role-Play how to use your invention for the class. Your classmates will evaluate which is the best invention.
  21. 21. DTU Corp. DTU Corp. 21 Unit 1: C 1 Suffixes Sometimes we can change the form of a word by adding something to the end of it. This is called a suffix. base word + suffix = new word present + ation = presentation comfort + able = comfortable 2 Forming nouns with suffixes Here are some suffixes for creating nouns. Can you add two more examples for each suffix? -ion production, connection ____________________________________ -ation administration, presentation ____________________________________ -ment enjoyment, improvement ____________________________________ -ness goodness, kindness ____________________________________ 3 Forming nouns about ideas with suffixes Here are some suffixes for creating nouns. Can you add two more examples for each suffix? -hood childhood, parenthood ____________________________________ -ship membership, partnership ____________________________________ -dom freedom, kingdom ____________________________________ -ity stupidity, creativity ____________________________________ -ism capitalism, professionalism ____________________________________ 4 Matching words with suffixes Match the word in the list with a suitable suffix in table below to create a noun. Use a dictionary to help you. Then write the meaning.
  22. 22. DTU Corp. DTU Corp. 22 1 relation___________________ _____________________________ 2 consumer_________________ _____________________________ 3 prosper___________________ _____________________________ 4 commercial_______________ _____________________________ 5 Social___________________ _____________________________ 6 parent___________________ _____________________________ 7 bore____________________ _____________________________ 8 brother__________________ _____________________________ 9 rapid___________________ _____________________________ 10 free____________________ _____________________________ 11 partner_________________ _____________________________ 12 conform_________________ _____________________________ hood hood ship ship dom dom ity ity ity ism ism ism 5 Forming adjectives with suffixes Here are some suffixes for creating adjectives. Can you add two more examples for each suffix? -able likeable, understandable ____________________________________ -ible responsible, sensible ____________________________________ -ive productive, selective ____________________________________ -less careless, helpless ____________________________________ -al professional, national ____________________________________
  23. 23. DTU Corp. DTU Corp. 23 -ful useful, helpful ____________________________________ 6 Word formation using suffixes Complete these sentences with different forms of the word act using the suffixes from the box. -or -ion -ing -ive -ivities 1 My Jackie Chan an act_________. He’s been in many films. 2 My grandfather is 92, but he’s still very act_________. 3 Jackie Chan is usually in act________ movies. 4 Jackie Chan has been act_________ since he was very young. 5 We do a lot of act__________ in our English lessons. 7 Verb + preposition Many verbs are followed by a particular preposition. Fill each gap with a preposition from the box. Some prepositions are used more than once. of about to in with for on 1 Sometimes I disagree ____________ with my friend’s ideas. 2 Are you interested ____________ watching a film tonight? 3 We might pass the test. It depends ____________ how hard you study. 4 What kinds of music do you like listening _____________? 5 If you have a problem, you can talk _____________ me.
  24. 24. DTU Corp. DTU Corp. 24 6 The teacher and I talked _____________ my homework. 7 I was thinking ____________ my boyfriend. Then I got a call from him. 8 What do you think _____________ this shirt. Is it nice? 9 How much did you pay ____________ your shoes? 10 What are you worried _____________? 8 Idiomatic expressions When we’re talking with friends we use a lot of idiomatic expressions. What do you think these idioms mean? Use a dictionary to help you. 1 got stuck ________________________________________________ 2 be off ________________________________________________ 3 go out with ________________________________________________ 4 ages ________________________________________________ 5 sick and tired ________________________________________________ 6 take time off ________________________________________________ 7 get together ________________________________________________ 8 can’t stand ________________________________________________ 9 never mind ________________________________________________ 10 cost a fortune ________________________________________________ 11 to make it ________________________________________________ 12 must be joking ________________________________________________ 13 mind your own business ________________________________________________
  25. 25. DTU Corp. DTU Corp. 25 9 Using idiomatic expressions (1) Match a sentence in A with a sentence in B. A B 1 Sorry I’m late. I got stuck in a meeting. 2 Bye, Darling! I’m off to work now. 3 How long did it take you to walk home? 4 Oh, I’m sick and tired of this rain. 5 Was that your boyfriend I saw you with? 6 I’m tired. I’m taking tomorrow off. 7 Let’s go for a swim with the sharks! 8 Can we get together this evening at 6.00? 9 What a beautiful ring! Was it expensive? Yes, you need to relax. So am I. I can’t stand wet weather. Never mind. You’re here now. Ages! How about you? Yes, it cost a fortune! You must be joking! I can’t make it then. What about later? Okay, love. Have a good day! Mind your own business! 10 Using idiomatic expressions (2) Answer these questions. Use the idioms in your answers. 1 How often do you get stuck in a traffic jam? ________________________________________________________________________ 2 Who in the world would you most like to go out with? ________________________________________________________________________ 3 Are you sick and tired of anything? ________________________________________________________________________ 4 What would you do if you could take time off your studies? ________________________________________________________________________ 5 How often do you get together with your friends? ________________________________________________________________________
  26. 26. DTU Corp. DTU Corp. 26 6 What can’t you stand? ________________________________________________________________________ 7 What would you like that costs a fortune? ________________________________________________________________________ 8 Do you like to know a lot about people or do you mind your own business? ________________________________________________________________________ 11 Correcting mistakes Look at the letter that a student wrote to his friend. His teacher has used symbols to show him the kind of mistakes he had made. Read the letter and correct the mistakes. T tense WW wrong word Prep preposition P punctuation Gr grammar Sp spelling WO word order  word missing 48, Harley Road, London, England Monday, 18th July Dear Fan, Prep Gr How are you? I’m very well. I came in London three weeks ago for to study at a P Gr language school. I want learn english because is a very important language. I’m stay Gr  Gr  with a English family. They’ve got two son and a daughter. Mr White is lawyer and Gr Gr  Mrs White work in an office. The English is very kind, but they speak very quickly! P WW I study in the morning. My teachers name is Andy. He said me that my English WW Gr Sp is okay, but I do a lot of mistakes. Andy don’t give us to much homework, so in the WO Gr afternoons I go always sightseeing. London is much more big than my city. I like very WO Gr Prep much painting and I’m very interesting for modern art, so I visit art galleries and
  27. 27. DTU Corp. DTU Corp. 27 T Gr exhibitions. I’ve met a girl named Angelina. She came from Italy and go to Chelsea T Sp College. Last night we go to the cinema, but the film wasn’t very exiting. WW Do you like to visit me? Why don’t you come for a week? It would be great to see you. Write to me soon. Cheers, Nick 12 Answer these questions about the letter above. 1 Where is Nick? Where is he staying? _____________________________________________________________________ 2 Why is he there? _____________________________________________________________________ 3 What does he do every day? _____________________________________________________________________ 4 What does he do in his free time? _____________________________________________________________________ 5 Who has he met? _____________________________________________________________________ 13 Writing a letter Write a similar letter to a friend back in your country. Write 150-200 words. Exchange letters with your friend. Correct your friend’s letter before handing up to your teacher.
  28. 28. DTU Corp. DTU Corp. 28 Unit 1: D 1 Comparing sentences Look at the pairs of sentences. Which one is correct? Give a reason for your answer. 1 They have a young daughter. They’re having a young daughter. 2 He speaks three languages. He’s speaking three languages. 3 Don’t turn off the radio! I listen to it. Don’t turn off the radio! I’m listening to it. 4 I make some tea now. I’m making some tea now. 5 We’re thinking this film is interesting. We think this film is interesting. 6 English speaks all over the world. English is spoken all over the world. 2 What brings happiness? Look at this list of things that can bring happiness. How important is each one to you? Rank them 1 (most important) to 9 (least important). good health in mind and body ___________ a big house ___________ job satisfaction ___________ regular holidays ___________ a loving marriage ___________ a supportive family ___________ hobbies and leisure activities ___________ lots of friends ___________ no money problems ___________ Compare your answers with a partner.
  29. 29. DTU Corp. DTU Corp. 29 3 What makes you happy? What other things make you happy? Tell your classmates. Read the passage below on ‘The Happiest Person in the World”. Adapted from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Shin_Wen-Bing President Shin Wen-Bing is famous for being known as the ‘Happiest person in the world.’ He was an ex- mayor of Tainan who during retirement, became the first elected president at the South Taiwan Artisan School (ATAS). The ATAS later became the Southern Taiwan University of Technology, on December 15, 1969. What makes President Shin so special was the fact that he never received any form of monetary recompense during his term as the president. He retired in 1988 as president of the university. President Shin cared more about his homeland than his own political career. He was passionate about education throughout his life. A man of many talents, he was a statesman, educator and entrepreneur. President Shin always said that education was the most meaningful thing in his career, so he was proud to say that he was the happiest person in the world because of the role he played. President Shin liked reading as a hobby and he encouraged people to read as well. To commemorate Mr. Shin not only as a late President of Southern Taiwan University of Technology but also a great man of our time, STUT has organized an exhibition room - the "Shin Wen-Bing Museum" - to display his collection of books and to tell his story. President Shin is best remembered for his quote below: "Trust, justice, sincerity, and honesty are the basic principles of our lives. They are principles revered by ancient Eastern as well as by ancient Western sages. They are now regarded as our school motto. I hope all of us will strive to fulfill them.1 " 1 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Southern_Taiwan_University_of_Technology
  30. 30. DTU Corp. DTU Corp. 30 Discuss: 1. What do you think is of President Shin’s reason for being the happiest person on earth? 2. Do you share the same ideals as him? 4 The happiest time of your life What do you think is the happiest time of a person’s life? Give three reasons for your answer. The happiest time ____________________________________________________ Reason1 _____________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________ Reason 2 _____________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________ Reason 3 _____________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________ 5 Action verbs and state verbs 6 Identifying state verbs Seven of these verbs are not usually used in the Present Continuous. They are state verbs. Circle them. 1 enjoy GRAMMAR CHECK 1 Some verbs are used in both simple and continuous forms. These are called action verbs. He usually teaches English, but today he isn’t teaching. He’s relaxing. 2 Some verbs are rarely used in the continuous form. These are called state verbs. I like ice-cream. (NOT I’m liking ice-cream.)
  31. 31. DTU Corp. DTU Corp. 31 2 think (opinion) 3 come 4 play 5 have (= possess) 6 love 7 want 8 think (= consider) 9 like 10 know 11 understand 12 work 13 have (= activity) 7 Right or wrong (1) Are these sentences correct (  ) or incorrect (×)? Rewrite the incorrect sentences. 1 What do you want to eat?  2 I’m not understanding what he said. × I don’t understand what he said. 3 I’m loving spicy food. ____________________________________ 4 Do you think Lily speaks English well? ____________________________________ 5 I’m sorry. I’m not knowing your name. ____________________________________ 6 We’re enjoying the lesson very much. ____________________________________ 7 I’m thinking it’s very good. ____________________________________ 8 The baby is being fed by his mother. ____________________________________ 8 Present Simple or Present Continuous (1) Complete the pairs of sentences using the verb in the Present Simple or the Present Continuous. 1 come Khalid is Malaysian. He ____________________ from Penang.
  32. 32. DTU Corp. DTU Corp. 32 She’ll be here very soon. She ______________________ by train. 2 have We can’t talk now. We’re __________________ an exam. Alan _____________ a beautiful new wife. 3 think I ___________________ I need to improve my English. I ___________________ about my boyfriend at the moment. I love him so much. 4 not enjoy We ____________________ this concert at all. The music is too loud. We ____________________ loud concerts. 5 watch Be quiet! I _________________________ my TV show. I always ___________________________ it on Monday night. 6 see Janet isn’t well. She ____________________ the doctor at the moment. I ____________________ your problem, but I can’t help you. I’m sorry. 7 use This field ____________ usually ____________ for football matches. But tonight it _____________ being _____________ for a concert. 9 Right or wrong (2) Some sentences are right and some are wrong. Put a tick () next to the right ones and a cross (×) next to the wrong ones. Rewrite the wrong sentences. 1 I’m thinking you are a good person. _____________________________________________________________________ 2 Where are you thinking of going at the weekend? _____________________________________________________________________ 3 Nobody is ever liking my cooking. It’s so disappointing.
  33. 33. DTU Corp. DTU Corp. 33 _____________________________________________________________________ 4 Don’t listen to what she says. She always tells lies. _____________________________________________________________________ 5 We’re seeing our bank manager at two o’clock. _____________________________________________________________________ 6 I’m not understanding this grammar point. _____________________________________________________________________ 7 Does the baker make bread? _____________________________________________________________________ 8 He’s not knowing my phone number. _____________________________________________________________________ 10 Present Simple or Present Continuous (2) Complete the pairs of sentences with the verb. Put one in the Present Simple and the other in the Present Continuous. 1 think I _________________________ of learning how to drive. I ___________________________ that’s a great idea. 2 see _____________________ you _______________ what I mean? What time __________________ you _______________ the doctor? 3 have She ______________________ a wonderful new husband. She ______________________ a wonderful time on her honeymoon. 11 Writing using the Present Simple and Present Continuous What do you enjoy doing? What do you love to do? Write about 150 words.
  34. 34. DTU Corp. DTU Corp. 34 Unit 2: A 1 Comparing sentences Look at these pairs of sentences. Underline the verbs. What is the difference? I cooked the meat for an hour. The meat was cooked for an hour. They speak Mandarin in China. Mandarin is spoken in China. 2 Present Simple Passive The first sentence in each pair uses the Present Simple active. It focuses on who did something. The second sentence in each pair uses the Present Simple passive. It focuses on what happens. Millions of people speak English. English is spoken by millions of people. 3 Present Passive GRAMMAR CHECK 1 We form the Present Simple Passive like this. Food is eaten. Students are taught. 2 We form the Present Continuous Passive like this. I am being taught English. We are being taught English. 3 We use the Present Passive to talk about regular actions or habits. My house is cleaned every day. My clothes are washed once a week. 4 We use the Present Passive to talk about facts. Rice is grown in China. Computers are used in most offices. 5 We use the Present Passive to talk about something happening now. Grammar is being taught in this lesson. The students are being taught grammar.
  35. 35. DTU Corp. DTU Corp. 35 4 Past participles Base form Past simple Past participle do did done eat ate eaten look looked looked clean cleaned cleaned 5 Using past participles Add the past participles to the following sentences using words in the box. Use each word once. grow produce make pull take deliver include employ decorate speak 1 English is _________________ in our lessons. 2 This cake was ________________ by my grandmother. 3 The cost of books is _________________ in the school fee? 4 The city centre is ________________ to celebrate New Year. 5 Cars are ________________ in this factory. 6 The books were ______________ by the students. 7 About five hundred people are ________________ in that company. 8 Tea is __________________ in Sri Lanka. 9 The old building is being _________________ down. 10 The letter was _________________ by the postman.
  36. 36. DTU Corp. DTU Corp. 36 6 Using active and passive forms Read this text and write the verbs in the Present Simple active or Present Simple passive. 7 Sport and leisure activities (1) In pairs, make a list of as many sports and leisure activities as you can think of. 1. football Taking a plane When a passenger (1) ____________________ (arrive) at an airport, he goes to the check-in desk where his ticket and luggage (2) ______________________ (check). He (3) ____________________ (keep) his hand luggage with him but his suitcase and large bags (4) ________________________ (take) on a conveyor belt. If he is are on an international flight, his passport (5) _________________ (check), and then he and his bags (6) ______________________ (x-ray) by security scanners. Sometimes he (7) ___________________________ (give) a body search and his luggage (8) _______________________ (search) by a security officer. He (9) __________________________ (wait) in the departure lounge until his flight (10) ______________________ (call) and he (11) _____________________ (tell) which gate to go to. Finally he (l2) ____________________________ (board) the plane and he (13) ___________________________ (show) to his seat by a flight attendant.
  37. 37. DTU Corp. DTU Corp. 37 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 8 Sport and leisure activities (2) Choose some of the sports or leisure activities from your list and complete this table. Use a dictionary to find any new words that you need. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:U20-WorldCup2007-Okotie-Onka_edit2.jpg by Nick Wiebe http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Rome_Tiber_fishing.JPG by Kleuske Sport / Activity People Place Equipment and clothes football players pitch or field ball, boots, goal posts,
  38. 38. DTU Corp. DTU Corp. 38 9 Listening/Reading Comprehension http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Amateur_Muay_Thai.jpg Thailand’s National Sport: Muay Thai – Explaining the Rituals Before each Muay Thai match, the fighters perform a stylized dance ritual. The ceremony mesmerises us with its graceful and gentle moves, almost misleading us to believe that Muay Thai is a gentle sport. What happens after that is the opposite: when the fight begins, it is violent and fast. What does the ritual symbolise and why must it be performed so religiously before every fight? As with the most countries in the region, Thai culture is highly influenced by ancient civilizations within Southeast Asia; the ritual reflects the deep beliefs held by such societies.
  39. 39. DTU Corp. DTU Corp. 39 Approaching the Ring Rites (Kuen Suu Weitee) In ancient times, Siamese people believed in the power of incantations and protective amulets, the common belief was that everything was ruled and inhabited by unseen spirits, and that places were either blessed or cursed. Because of these beliefs, it was necessary to perform special rites before a fighter entered the ring, asking the spirits' permission to do so. Today, it is very much a matter of individual preference these days, with no prescribed rules. Some may kneel before the ring while others might pray with their khru muay (Teacher) or perform a series of repetitive movements, such as touching the ring ropes 3 times and avoiding the bottom stair before taking the first step up to the ring. Fighters always leap over the ropes into the ring because the head is considered to be more important than the feet. Therefore it has to stay always above the feet while entering the ring, then they will go to the center and pay respect (panom muae wai) in all four directions to the spectators. Ritual Dance of Homage (Wai Khru Ram Muay) Wai Khru Muay Thai is a tradition that goes back to ancient times, it is not an optional ritual or reserved for special occasions: the official Muay Thai regulations specify that both fighters must perform the Wai Khru Ram Muay before each and every bout. It's a tradition in which fighters pay respect to their teachers, parents and things they hold sacred and pray for their safety and victory. The ritual has been developed in different ways, in different regions, even under different teachers and therefore it is theoretically impossible for two fighters to perform identical Wai Khru. The Wai Khru is graceful and aesthetic ritual, both practical and spiritual. In a practical sense, it functions as a final pre-fight warm-up and gives the fighter some time alone before the fight to collect his thoughts. It can be divided into three main sections:  The Royal Homage Sequence This was originally intended to show devotion to the King, going back to the days when fighters were selected to display their skills in front of him. The fighters will prostrate before the king before rising again. The Kneeling Sequence This section is performed in a kneeling posture, one knee on the ground and the other leg out in front. The fighter pivots around on the spot to repeat the same sequence facing all four sides of the ring, a tradition which comes from Krabi Krabong.
  40. 40. DTU Corp. DTU Corp. 40 The Standing Sequence In this section, the fighters go out from the center of the ring in one direction, to perform the Dramatic Interlude. Some fighters imitate the motions of a hunter, a soldier, or an executioner. But in a deeper sense, the fighter is expressing religious devotion, humility, and gratitude. Removal of the Head Circlet (Pitee Tod Mongkon) After the Wai Khru is completed, the fighters return to their own corners for the Removal of the Head Circlet Ritual (Pitee Tod Mongkon). The fighter stands in his own corner, lowers his head and raises hands to his chest for panom mue wai pose, while khru muay standing outside of the ropes facing the fighter, raises his own hands to return the wai. A fighter maintains the posture while the teacher utters an incantation and blows three times on top of fighters' head before removing the Head Circlet. On the completion of this ritual and after a review of the rules by the judge and a glove shake, the contest may begin. Adapted from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Muay_thai Listen to the teacher read the passage once. Try and answer questions 1-5 as you listen to your teacher read. Complete the following sentences using information from the text. As far you can, use your own words. Use not more than 3 words. 1. The ceremony mesmerises us with its ______________________, almost misleading us to believe that Muay Thai is ____________________. 2. Fighters always leap over the ropes into the ring because the head is _______________ more important than the feet. 3. Because of these beliefs, it was necessary to _________________________ before a fighter entered the ring, asking the spirits' permission ___________________. 4. Its a tradition in which fighters ____________________ to their teachers, parents and things they ______________ and pray for their safety and victory. 5. The Wai Khru is __________________ ritual, both practical and spiritual. Re-write the steps of the Ritual Dance of Homage (Wai Khru Ram Muay) into short sentences using Imperative or command verbs. The first has been done for you: The Royal Homage Sequence 1. Bow down before the king.
  41. 41. DTU Corp. DTU Corp. 41 2. The Kneeling Sequence: 1. 2. The Standing Sequence 1. 2. 10 Writing Exercise: Rites and rituals are important in a modern society because they remind us of who we are. To what extent do you agree with this statement? 11 Play, go and do We use play to talk about ball games, net games, board games and computer games. We use go to talk about activities ending with –ing. We use do to talk about other activities. 12 Play, go or do? Write play, go, or do with these words. _______ surfing _______ aerobics _______ volleyball _______ fishing _______ golf _______ jogging _______ basketball _______ football _______ yoga _______ cycling _______ swimming _______ table tennis _______ chess _______ judo _______ badminton 13 Other activities Think of some other activities. Do we play, go, or do them? Write them in sentences. 1 _____________________________________________________________________
  42. 42. DTU Corp. DTU Corp. 42 2 _____________________________________________________________________ 3 _____________________________________________________________________ 4 _____________________________________________________________________ 5 _____________________________________________________________________ 6 _____________________________________________________________________ 14 Holidays Complete these vocabulary lists with words about holidays from the box. hiking traveller’s cheques youth hostel rucksack flight attendant camp-site caravan swimming costume suitcase hotel farmhouse relaxing exploring beach towel sight-seeing driver guest-house tour guide travel agent sunbathing sun block things to take people activities places to stay ________________ ________________ ________________ ________________ ________________ ________________ ________________ ________________ ________________ ________________ ________________ ________________ ________________ ________________ ________________ ________________ ________________ ________________ ________________ ________________ ________________
  43. 43. DTU Corp. DTU Corp. 43 15 Writing Use some of the words in Activity 12 to write a paragraph about a holiday you have been on.
  44. 44. DTU Corp. DTU Corp. 44 Unit 2: B 1 Synonyms and antonyms Synonyms are words that have the same meaning and antonyms are words that have the opposite meaning. We often use prefixes to form the opposite of an adjective. The most common prefixes are un, in ,and im. unimportant inactive impossible What words do you know that begin with un, in, and im? 2 Making synonyms and antonyms Complete this table. Write one opposite adjective using a prefix, and another opposite adjective from the box. sad out of date stupid ugly arrogant cheap cruel rare casual rude boring wrong Adjective Opposite (prefix + adj) Opposite (word from the box) happy polite expensive interesting correct attractive fashionable intelligent usual kind formal modest unhappy sad
  45. 45. DTU Corp. DTU Corp. 45 Writing Exercise: The Evil Twin In pairs, write the story of how different a pair of twins is. Student A will write about a twin who is good while student B will write about a twin that is bad. Use the adjectives from the box in Activity 2. Read your story to the class. 3 Multi-word verbs with look The following sentences use multi-word verbs with ‘look’. What does each one mean? 1. I look up to him because he’s a great man. 2. The police are looking into the crime. 3. I think you should look for a new job. 4. I look back on my first school with great pleasure. 5. I need to look the word up in the dictionary. 6. I’m looking after Jim’s cat while he is overseas. 7. I’m looking forward to starting my new job. 8. Look on this success as a reward for your hard work. 4 Matching words and meanings Match an item in A with a meaning in B. Use a dictionary to help you. A B look up to think of positively look into take care of look for feel happy about the future look back on find detailed information about look up respect and admire someone look after to remember an event in the past look forward to find information
  46. 46. DTU Corp. DTU Corp. 46 look on find something 5 Using multi-word verbs with look (1) Answer the following questions. 1. Do you look up to anyone? Who is it? _____________________________________________________________________ 2. Who looked after you when you were young? _____________________________________________________________________ 3. Are you looking forward to anything? _____________________________________________________________________ 4. How do you look on this course? _____________________________________________________________________ 6 Using multi-word verbs with look (2) Complete the following sentences with suitable items from Activity 4. 1 I ___________________________________ what I did with regret. 2 She _____________________________ her teacher very much. 3 I don’t know her number. I will ___________________ in the directory. 4 We must _________________________ the cause of the accident. 5 I’m ___________________________ seeing my family next week. 6 Dina’s a good boss. She ____________________________ the workers very well. 7 I _______________________________________ him as my best friend.
  47. 47. DTU Corp. DTU Corp. 47 8 I’m not sure where I put my key. Could you help me _____________________ it? 7 More multi-word verbs with look The following sentences use look. What does each one mean? Select the best meaning a, b or c. 1 I’ve looked over your homework but I still need to check it again. a. read carefully b. read quickly c. not read 2 Please look through my essay and tell me what you think. a. read carefully b. read quickly c. not read 3 After two weeks of illness, finally Lily is looking up. a. getting worse b. staying the same c. getting better 4 Please look me up when you come to my hometown. a. call b. write c. visit 5 The students are looking to the teacher for guidance. a. blaming for b. expecting from c. demanding of 8 Completing sentences Complete the following sentences with your ideas. 1 I’m looking to ________________________________________________________. 2 Please look me up _____________________________________________________. 3 Could you look through ________________________________________________? 4 Things are looking up for _______________________________________________. 5 Please look over ______________________________________________________.
  48. 48. DTU Corp. DTU Corp. 48 9 Idioms with look The following sentences use idioms with ‘look’. What do you think each one means? 1. This firm is always on the lookout for talented and intelligent people. 2. There’s going to be another recession, by the looks of it. The forecasts are bad. 3. I don’t like the look of the balance sheet. The company is in trouble. 4. I like the look of our new CEO. He has a lot of experience. 5. My boss is not much to look at, but he has a wonderful personality. 6. $2 million was spent on giving the building a new look. 10 What does it mean? Write the meaning of these idioms. Use a dictionary to help you. on the lookout for ________________________________________________ by the looks of it ________________________________________________ like the look of ________________________________________________ not much to look at ________________________________________________ new look ________________________________________________ 11 The following sentences have mistakes in them. Correct the mistakes. Correction 1 From the looks of it, everyone will pass the exam. _________ 2 The teacher doesn’t like the look from my homework. _________ 3 The school is in the lookout for a new teacher. _________ 4 We’ll be moving to a new house, by the looks from it. _________ 5 Our school is not much to look for. _________ 12 Write answers to the following questions.
  49. 49. DTU Corp. DTU Corp. 49 1. When was the last time your home was given a new look? _____________________________________________________________________ 2. How will you look back on your time in this school? _____________________________________________________________________ 3. Is your teacher handsome, beautiful or not much to look at? _____________________________________________________________________ 4. In general, is life looking up for the people in your country? _____________________________________________________________________ 13 Multi-word verbs with be The verb to be is often followed by a particle to form a multi-word verb. Example Bye! I’m off to the beach at the weekend. (I’m going) Read these sentences. What do you think the multi-verb with be mean? 1 I was up early this morning because I had to catch a plane. _________________ 2 Will you be in tonight? I want to come and see you. _________________ 3 I must be off now. I don’t want to be late for work. _________________ 4 Kim is away from work today. I think he is ill. _________________ 5 What were you up to at the weekend? _________________ 6 What is on at the theatre next month? _________________
  50. 50. DTU Corp. DTU Corp. 50 14 Using multi-word verbs with be Put a word from the box into each gap in these sentences. Some words are used more than once. on up in up to off away 2 ‘Hello. Can I speak to Mr Wu, please?’ ‘I’m sorry. He isn’t ____________ this afternoon.’ 3 ‘Hello. Can I speak to Mrs Chou, please?’ ‘I’m sorry. She’s ____________ on holiday this week.’ 4 ‘Let’s watch a film on TV tonight.’ ‘Okay. What’s ___________?’ 5 I think this food’s ____________ . It smells really disgusting. 6 ‘What shall we have for dinner?’ ‘It’s ____________ you. You’re cooking it.’ 7 Come on, Vishal! Aren’t you ___________ yet? You’ll be late for work. 7 There must be someone _________ the house. The lights are _________. 8 I must be ___________ soon. I don’t want to get home late. 9 ‘Why is it so hot in here?’ ‘The air-conditioning is ____________. That’s why.’ 10 ‘You’re shaking. What’s ____________?’ ‘I’m a bit nervous about my exam.’
  51. 51. DTU Corp. DTU Corp. 51 Unit 2: C 1 How do you say 0? There are several ways to say 0 in English. oh nought zero nil love We usually say oh, nought and zero. Nil and love are usually used in sport. Look at the table. It shows when to use oh, nought and zero. Say When Written Spoken oh in telephone numbers 7820913 seven eight two oh nine one three in room numbers 201 two oh one in bus numbers 190 one nine oh in years 1807 eighteen oh seven after a decimal point 6.04 six point oh four nought before a decimal point 0.72 nought point seven two zero for the number 0 a zero for temperature -8 C eight degrees below zero 2 Saying numbers (1) Practise saying the numbers in these sentences. 1. You can take bus numbers 605, 720 or 203 to get to school. 2. The rate is 0.75 US Dollars to the Chinese Yuan. 3. Please give me a call on 7090250. 4. Our company was started in 1906. 5. In the summer, the city reaches 35 C. 6. Did you say bus number 850 or 805? 7. The price increased by 0.05 per cent. 8. The lesson is in classroom 402. 9. Is that an ‘o’ or a ‘0’? 10. You can contact me on 0729605.
  52. 52. DTU Corp. DTU Corp. 52 3 Telephone and Fax Numbers When the digits in telephone and fax numbers are all different, we usually say them separately. When two or three of the same digits are together, we can also say double and treble. Look at the table. It shows how to say telephone and fax numbers. Say Written Spoken 5134782 five one three four seven eight two 7026195 seven oh two six one nine five double 8226401 eight double two six four oh one 7600338 seven six double oh double three eight 6555534 six double five double five three four treble 6555421 six treble five four two one 9521000 nine five two one treble oh 4 Saying numbers (2) Read the following sentences. What is the best way to say the telephone and fax numbers? 1. I think her number is 0177 243601. 2. Sorry, I sent the fax to 9855144. It should have gone to 9851144. 3. Did you say 6666897? 4. My number is easy to remember. It’s 9222911. 5. Please fax to 5044210. 5 Writing numbers Write the following telephone and fax numbers. 1. double one five eight two four six __________________ 2. two five three four oh nine five __________________ 3. six two treble seven three eight __________________ 4. nine double oh two four double one __________________ 5. five two double six treble eight __________________
  53. 53. DTU Corp. DTU Corp. 53 6 Dates In British English the order of numbers in dates is day-month-year. In American English the order is month-day-year. This can be very confusing. Look at the following example: British English 12.11.04 the twelfth of November two thousand and four American English 12.11.04 December eleventh two thousand four Look at the tables below. (1) shows dates according to the rules of British English and (2) shows dates according to the rules of American English. (1) British English Digits Written Spoken 14.02.1992 14th February 1992 the fourteenth of February nineteen ninety two 04.01.2005 4th January 2005 the fourth of January two thousand and five 24.10.2020 24th October 2020 the twenty fourth of October two thousand and twenty 24.10.2020 24th October 2020 the twenty fourth of October twenty twenty (2) American English Digits Written Spoken 02.14.1992 February 14th 1992 February fourteenth nineteen ninety two 01.04.2005 January 4th 2005 January fourth two thousand five 10.24.2020 October 24th 2020 October twenty fourth two thousand twenty 10.24.2020 October 24th 2020 October twenty fourth twenty twenty 7 Talking about dates Write the dates in numbers and say them according to the rules of British English. 1. What is your date of birth? __________________ 2. When did you finish primary school? __________________ 3. When will this course finish? __________________ 4. When is National Day in your country? __________________ 5. What is the most important date in the history of your country? __________________
  54. 54. DTU Corp. DTU Corp. 54 8 Big Numbers There is some difference in the way we say big numbers in British English and American English. Look at these examples. Number British English American English 120 a hundred and twenty a hundred twenty 1300 one thousand three hundred thirteen hundred Look at the tables below. Showing how we say big numbers according to the rules of British English. (1) Hundreds Written Spoken 100 a hundred 102 a hundred and two 117 a hundred and seventeen (2) Thousands Written Spoken 1,000 a thousand 1,050 a thousand and fifty 1,150 one thousand one hundred and fifty 10,000 ten thousand 10,050 ten thousand and fifty 10,150 ten thousand one hundred and fifty 100,000 a hundred thousand 150,000 a hundred and fifty thousand 150,105 a hundred and fifty thousand one hundred and five 150,150 a hundred and fifty thousand one hundred and fifty (3) Millions Written Spoken 1,000,000 a million 1,000,050 a million and fifty 1,500,000 one million five hundred thousand (one and a half million) 10,500,500 ten million five hundred thousand five hundred 100,500,550 one hundred million five hundred thousand five hundred and fifty (4) Billions Written Spoken 1,000,000,000 a billion 1,000,000,050 a billion and fifty 1,500,000,000 one billion five hundred million (one and a half billion) 1,500,000,500 one billion five hundred million five hundred 1,500,500,550 one billion five hundred million five hundred thousand five hundred and fifty
  55. 55. DTU Corp. DTU Corp. 55 9 Saying big numbers (1) Look at the big number below. 134,278,321,671 We can break down this number to help us say it correctly. billion million thousand hundred ten unit 134 278 321 6 7 1 [One hundred and thirty four billion] [two hundred and seventy eight million] [three hundred and twenty one thousand] [six hundred] and [seventy] [one] 10 Saying big numbers (2) Practise saying the following numbers. 1. 20,000 2. 45,038 3. 150,321 4. 2,425,890 5. 78,908,234 6. 250,091,560 7. 9,999,999 8. 23,000,000,001 9. 84,764,231,926 10. 210,008,300,034 11 Using big numbers Write some big numbers and ask a partner to say them.
  56. 56. DTU Corp. DTU Corp. 56 12 Listening Exercise Listen to the short narration on the founding of Singapore. Record any information that involves numbers e.g. dates and write them in numerical form below. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10.
  57. 57. DTU Corp. DTU Corp. 57 Unit 2: D 1 Talking about letters and emails Discuss these questions. 1 How often do you write letters? 2 How often do you write emails? 3 Who do you write to? 4 How often do you write letters and emails in English? 5 How do you write letters in your language? 6 How do you write emails in your language? 7 What is different about writing in English and writing in your language? 2 Beginnings and endings (1) Look at these words used in letters and emails. Put them under the correct heading: beginning or ending. Hugs and kisses Madam Hi Sir sincerely Lots of love Dear Best wishes Yours faithfully Take care All the best beginning ending __________________________________ __________________________________ __________________________________ __________________________________ __________________________________ __________________________________ __________________________________ __________________________________ __________________________________ __________________________________ __________________________________ __________________________________
  58. 58. DTU Corp. DTU Corp. 58 3 Beginnings and endings (2) Read these sentences from some letters and emails. Which sentences are beginnings and which are endings? Write B for beginning or E for ending. 1 Just a note to say that you so much for letting me to stay last week. B 2 Thank you for your letter of 23 May. Please find enclosed a cheque for $300.00. 3 Keep in touch. 4 How are you doing? You’ll never guess what happened last week. 5 I am writing in response to your advertisement in today’s Daily News. 6 We hope this arrangement is satisfactory. 7 I’m sorry I haven’t contacted you for such a long time. 8 We look forward to hearing from you at your earliest convenience. 9 I thought I’d email rather than ring you. 10 Give my regards to your mother. 11 Take care and thanks again. 12 How are you and how’s the family? 4 Formal and informal sentences Look again at the sentences in Activity 3. Which ones are formal and which are informal? Write the words and phrases which helped you decide. Sentence 1: informal just a note Sentence 2: __________________________________________________________ Sentence 3: __________________________________________________________ Sentence 4: __________________________________________________________ Sentence 5: __________________________________________________________
  59. 59. DTU Corp. DTU Corp. 59 Sentence 6: __________________________________________________________ Sentence 7: __________________________________________________________ Sentence 8: __________________________________________________________ Sentence 9: __________________________________________________________ Sentence 10: __________________________________________________________ Sentence 11: __________________________________________________________ Sentence 12: __________________________________________________________ 5 Beginnings and endings (3) Match the beginnings and endings of these letters and emails. beginnings endings A. Dear Muthu and Devi, Any chance that you two are free next Sun. p.m.? B. Dear Prem, Thanks for you letter. It was great to hear from you after so long. You asked about what I’ve been doing. Well,… C. Dear Sir/Madam, I saw your advertisement in the Daily Times for weekend breaks at your beach hotel. D. Hi Shirley, Thanks for inviting us. E. Dear Mr Jin, I look forward to hearing from you in the near future. Yours faithfully, Jackie Fong We apologize for the inconvenience and will have pleasure in sending your order as soon as we receive the additional amount. Yours sincerely, Alan Deng, Manager It would be lovely to see you some time. If you ever come to Hong Kong, you could stay with us. Love Yan
  60. 60. DTU Corp. DTU Corp. 60 We received your order for the Oxford English Dictionary and your cheque for $45. Let me know asap. All the best, Molly Can’t wait to see you. Let’s hope the weather is good. Love to Ernie. See you then. Norah Continue the beginnings of the letters above with one of these lines. Could you please send me your brochure and a price list? I’ve changed my job a three times since I last spoke to you, and as you know, I’ve moved to a new house. Unfortunately, this amount did not include packing and postage, which is $9.50. We’ve got four tickets for New Year’s parade. Interested? Of course, we’d love to come. 6 Understanding the letters Answer these questions about the letters in Activity 3. Write the words and phrases which helped you decide. 1 Which letter asks for information? ____________________________________ 2 Which letter invites? ____________________________________ 3 Which letter asks for further payment? ____________________________________ 4 Which letter accepts an invitation? ____________________________________ 5 Which letter gives news? ____________________________________ 7 Writing an informal email You have just found the email address of an old friend. Write an email to him/her. Give your news, describe some things that you have done recently, and say what your future plans are. Ask about his/her news and family.
  61. 61. DTU Corp. DTU Corp. 61 8 Writing a formal letter You have just received a book that you ordered from a company. However, when you opened the package, you saw that the book was damaged. Write a letter to the bookshop telling them about the problem and what you want them to do about it.
  62. 62. DTU Corp. DTU Corp. 62 Unit 3: A 1 Simple calculations Look at the most common words in English for doing simple calculations. Write the symbol (+, -, x, etc) in the correct place. Words Examples ___ Symbol 1. plus two plus three equals five and four and four equals eight 2. minus five minus two equals three take away six take away four equals two subtract five subtracted from seven equals two deduct four deducted from nine equals five 3. multiply two multiplied by five equals ten times four times three equals twelve 4. divide six divided by three equals two into two into six equals three 5. equals one plus one equals two five minus four equals one 2 Saying calculations Using the prompts given, say some simple calculations to get the answer provided. 1. (divided by) ______________________________________________ = 250 2 (take away) ______________________________________________ = 34 3. (times) ___________________________________________________ = 81 4. (into) ____________________________________________________ = 6 5. (minus) ___________________________________________________ = 45 6. (multiplied by) _____________________________________________ = 200 7. (and) _____________________________________________________ = 72 8. (subtracted from) ___________________________________________ = 1002
  63. 63. DTU Corp. DTU Corp. 63 3 Percentages When we read percentages, we say the numbers before the decimal point [.] together and the numbers after the decimal point are usually read separately. Written Spoken 0.02% nought point oh two per cent 25.25% twenty five point two five per cent 99.99% Ninety nine point nine nine per cent 4 Fractions Most fractions are quite easy to say in English. First, we say the top number and then we say the bottom number. Look at the examples: 1/5 one fifth 2/5 two fifths 3/5 three fifths 5/8 five eighths 6/8 six eighths 7/8 seven eighths However, when we see ½ and ¼ we usually say: ½ a half ¼ a quarter ¾ three quarters When we see a fraction with a whole number, we say the whole number first and then the fraction. 2¾ two and three quarters 6½ six and a half 5 Saying percentages and fractions Calculate the following percentages as fractions. Then write them in words and practise saying them. % Fraction 1. 75% ________________________________________________ 2. 33.3% ________________________________________________ 3. 20% ________________________________________________ 4. 90% ________________________________________________ 5. 50% ________________________________________________ 6. 25% ________________________________________________
  64. 64. DTU Corp. DTU Corp. 64 6 Decimals In English, we read the numbers before the decimal point [.] together and the numbers after the decimal point are usually read separately. We only read the numbers after the decimal point together when we are talking about money. Look at the table. It shows you how to say decimal numbers. Written Spoken 0.004 nought point oh oh four 0.763 nought point seven six three 19.24 nineteen point two four 127.59 a hundred and twenty seven point five nine $16.95 sixteen dollars ninety five $23.50 twenty three dollars fifty It is important to remember that in English we use a point [.] to show a decimal. We Use a comma [,] to show thousands. You should always look carefully. Example: 12,005 twelve thousand and five 12.005 twelve point oh oh five 7 Saying numbers Read the following numbers and practise saying them. 1. 125.67 2. $87.34 3. 0.021 4. 105.105 5. $18.90 6. 7.905 7. 209.67 8. $30.30
  65. 65. DTU Corp. DTU Corp. 65 8 Using numbers to describe things Sometimes we use numbers to describe things. Look at the examples. The English course ran for six months. It was a six-month English course. Her lunch break was for one hour. She had a one-hour lunch break. When we use numbers to describe things we usually place a hyphen (-) between the words. Also the plural form becomes singular. He had a holiday for two weeks. He had a two-week holiday. Rewrite the following sentences following the examples given above. 1 I bought a car for $20,000. I bought __________________________________________________________. 2 The lesson ran for ninety minutes. It’s ______________________________________________________________. 3 The man weighed a hundred kilos. He’s _____________________________________________________________. 4 Our hotel was two hundred and fifty years old. We stayed in ______________________________________________________. 5 I received a telephone bill for $150 I received ________________________________________________________. 6 They gave me a discount of twenty per cent. They gave me _____________________________________________________.
  66. 66. DTU Corp. DTU Corp. 66 9 Review of numbers Say each of the following numbers correctly. 1. 452,678 2. 12,890,764,743 3. 1.258 4. 160 – 20 = 140 5. 0.00642% 6. 7.378 7. ¾ 8. $23.90 9. 18,888 10. 20 x 35 = 700 11. $6.75 12. 2,004 13. 0783 677859 (fax) 14. 1903 (year) 15. 24.67% 16. 100 years old 10 Speaking In a group, design a conversation that uses the numbers above. You can choose any topic you like. For example, Student A: My father was born in 1903. He is an old man now. He is more than 100 years old now. Student B: Really? Is he healthy still? My father is only ¾ of your father’s age.
  67. 67. DTU Corp. DTU Corp. 67 Read your passage before the class. 11 Listening practice Listen to the recording and write the numbers you hear. 1 _______________________________ 11 _______________________________ 2 _______________________________ 12 _______________________________ 3 _______________________________ 13 _______________________________ 4 _______________________________ 14 _______________________________ 5 _______________________________ 15 _______________________________ 6 _______________________________ 16 _______________________________ 7 _______________________________ 17 _______________________________ 8 _______________________________ 18 _______________________________ 9 _______________________________ 19 _______________________________ 10 _______________________________ 20 _______________________________
  68. 68. DTU Corp. DTU Corp. 68 Unit 3: B 1 What was Adam doing? Adam works for Megahard Computers in Shanghai. Read about what he did yesterday. time activity 6.30 got up and got ready for work 6.45 – 7.15 packed his bags 7.30 – 8.30 drove to the train station 9.20 – 10.15 travelled by train to visit his client 11.00 – 12.45 had a meeting with a client 1.00 – 2.15 had lunch in an Italian restaurant with his client 2.30 – 4.15 visited the office of Newly Computers 5.30 – 6.15 caught the train home and did some paperwork 8.00 – 8.45 had dinner with his wife and child 9.00 – 11.00 relaxed and watched TV Work with a partner. Ask and answer questions about what Adam was doing at these times. 7.00 a.m. 8.00 a.m. 10.00 a.m. 11.30 a.m 1.30 p.m. 3.00 p.m. 6.00 p.m. 8.30 p.m. 10.00 p.m. 2 What were you doing? Work with a partner to ask and answer questions about what you were doing yesterday. What was he doing at 7 o’clock yesterday morning? He was packing his bags. What were you doing at 8 o’clock yesterday morning? I was eating breakfast.
  69. 69. DTU Corp. DTU Corp. 69 3 Giving responses (1) Work with a partner. One of you read a sentence from box A and the other read a suitable response from box B. Student A Student B 1 I didn’t laugh at his joke. 2 Were you surprised by how the film ended? 3 I went to the station, but I couldn’t get on the train. 4 I was homesick the whole time I was living abroad. 5 The restaurant we ate at last night was awful! 6 I met my boyfriend’s father for the first time yesterday. 7 My father has a daughter from his first marriage. Why? Was it very crowded? Why? Was it not funny? That’s a pity. Hadn’t you been there before? Really? I didn’t know he’d been married before. Really? I thought you’d met him before. No, I’d read the book, so I already knew the story. Oh dear! Had you never lived overseas before? 4 Giving responses (2) Write suitable responses to these statements. 1 I don’t like her new boyfriend. ___________________________________________ 2 I had to wait two hours for the train. _______________________________________ 3 I couldn’t eat the food. __________________________________________________ 4 We had to leave early. __________________________________________________ 5 I think he’s angry with me. ______________________________________________ 6 She failed her driving test. _______________________________________________ 7 I thought I loved her, but I don’t. __________________________________________ 8 I don’t want to sit next to him. ____________________________________________
  70. 70. DTU Corp. DTU Corp. 70 5 Past Simple or Past Continuous Underline the correct verb form of the verb in these sentences. Example Nicky and Ann me/were meeting when they lived/were living in Macau. 1 He worked/was working quietly when suddenly the door opened/was opening and his wife rushed/was rushing in. 2 She stood/was standing up, walked/was walking across the room, and closed/was closing the door. 3 An old woman walked/was walking into the cafe. She wore/was wearing a purple skirt and a yellow blouse. 4 Didn’t you meet/weren’t you meeting your best friend while you studied/were studying in High School? 5 I saw/was seeing you on the bus yesterday. You sat/were sitting at the back with your friend Tim. 6 As soon as I walked/was walking into the office, Kelly handed/was handing me the letter. 7 Her grandfather was very angry with her because she listened/was listening to music while she did/was doing her homework. 8 Why didn’t they visit/weren’t they visiting me when they came/were coming to my city? 9 As he passed/was passing the station, a man in a hurry knocked/was knocking him onto the ground. 10 What did you type/were you typing when your computer crashed/was crashing? 6 A holiday in Hainan Write the verbs in brackets in the Past Simple or Past Continuous. Last year, I (1) __________________ (decide) to go on holiday to the island of Hainan. On the afternoon I (2) ______________ (leave) my hometown it (3) _______________ (rain), but when I (4) _________________ (land) in Hainan, the sun (5) ____________
  71. 71. DTU Corp. DTU Corp. 71 (shine) and a lovely, warm breeze (6) _____________________ (blow) from the sea. I (7) _____________ (take) a taxi to my hotel. As I (8) __________________ (sign) the register, someone (9) _____________ (tap) me on the shoulder. I (10) _______________ (not can) believe my eyes! It was my old boyfriend. He (11) __________________ (stay) at the same hotel. The next day, we (12) ______________ (go) for a walk together on the beach and we (13) ____________ (see) hundreds of beautiful shells. It (14) ___________ (get) dark when we (15) _____________ (return) to our hotel after a very interesting day. We (16) _______________ (spend) the rest of the week together; it was very romantic. We (17) ______________ (feel) very sad when the holiday (18) ______________ (end). 7 What did they do? What were they doing? Read these news stories and answer the questions. 1 What was Billy doing when he saw the accident? _____________________________________________________________________ 2 What did Billy do when he saw the accident? _____________________________________________________________________ Boy saves man’s life Thirteen-year-old Billy Stone was cycling home from school at around 5.30 in the evening when he saw a green van, driven by Kenji Ota, crash into a fence. Without thinking of his own safety, Billy pulled the man out of the van and called an ambulance. Mr Ota is making good progress in hospital. Disabled man wins lottery Disabled office worker, Li Nan Jing, received a very pleasant surprise last night. He was at home with his family when a man from the lottery came to his house to inform him that he had won $300,000. He immediately gave his wife and son a big hug. Mr Li plans to spend some of the money on a new wheelchair for himself and a car for his wife.
  72. 72. DTU Corp. DTU Corp. 72 3 What was Mr Li doing when he heard the good news? _____________________________________________________________________ 4 What did Mr Li do when he heard the good news? _____________________________________________________________________ 5 What was happening in the bank when the robbers burst in? _____________________________________________________________________ 6 What happened to Mrs Fong when the robbers burst in? _____________________________________________________________________ 8 Write the news Look at these headlines. Write short news stories for each one. Man bites dog SHOCK FOR BANK CUSTOMERS Customers in the KBS BANK, Hong Kong, received a terrible shock yesterday. People were standing in queues waiting to be served when two masked robbers burst into the bank. Seventy- year-old Mrs Fong Mei Lin suffered a heart attack and was
  73. 73. DTU Corp. DTU Corp. 73 6 hurt in car crash Girl, 8, goes to university
  74. 74. DTU Corp. DTU Corp. 74 Woman give birth to quads Man finds million-dollar treasure
  75. 75. DTU Corp. DTU Corp. 75 9 Giving the news Share your news stories with the class.
  76. 76. DTU Corp. DTU Corp. 76 Unit 3: C 1 Comparing sentences Look at these sentences. Which tense is used in the first two sentences? I met Tommy in May 2003. I met Tommy again last week. I saw Tommy last week. I had met him before. What does the last sentence show? 2 Past Perfect The last sentence above uses the Past Perfect tense. I had met him before. I knew what would happen in the film. I had seen it before. 3 Past Perfect GRAMMAR CHECK 1 We form the Past Perfect like this. I had met her before. We hadn’t finished our work 2 We form the Past Perfect questions like this. Where had you met her before? Why hadn’t you finished your work? 3 We use the Past Perfect to show one action in the past happened before another action in the past. When I got to the station, the train had left. (second action) (first action) I didn’t want to watch because I’d seen it before. (second action) (first action)
  77. 77. DTU Corp. DTU Corp. 77 World’s largest ice 'Father Christmas' built in China Adapted from wikinews 26 Dec 2008 http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Ice_Snow_World.jpg by Lin Yang The world’s largest Santa Claus ice sculpture has been built in China for the upcoming 25th International Ice and Snow Sculpture Festival in Heilongjiang Province. In Harbin, city ice sculptors and organizers are building the giant Father Christmas, a 160 meters (525 ft) long and 24 meters high sculpture. It centers on an enormous face of Santa, complete with flowing beard and hat. Tang Guangjun, one of the sculptors, complained that the weather had changed due to global warming , making it more and more difficult. Regarding the snowman, he said, "it is even bigger and higher than last year's, and more difficult. The weather had been swinging between warm and cold even before we started. The ice was very wet and slippery. It was very dangerous for us." The huge size and unseasonably warm temperatures made the job especially challenging. Before they finished carving it, it had melted away. Organizers even have to use artificial snow to make up for the lack of snow. Underline all the past perfect tenses in the passage. How is the past perfect tense used? 4 Past participles Some past participles are regular and some are irregular. regular verb regular past participles cook cooked fill filled walk walked irregular verb irregular past participles make made
  78. 78. DTU Corp. DTU Corp. 78 teach taught speak spoken 5 Irregular verbs Complete this table with the missing verb forms. Infinitive Past Simple Past Participle grew leave fallen find sold feel drove fly left forgot wake won spend 6 Sentence Completion Complete these sentences using the ideas in brackets and a verb in the Past Perfect. Example I was sad because I … (lost/money/gambling) I was sad because I had lost all my money gambling. 1 Thura was angry … (oversleep and miss the train) ______________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________ 2 Mario was very disappointed with his son. He … (send/good school; but he/not do any work; fail/exams) _______________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________
  79. 79. DTU Corp. DTU Corp. 79 3 Chee Yang was sent to prison for five years. He … (steal money/boss; spend/drugs) _______________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________ 4 Mr Tan was very nervous as I waited for the plane. He… (never/fly/before) _______________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________ 5 Jenny wanted a new job. She … (be/same/work/fifteen years) _______________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________ 6 I didn’t know her name, but her face was familiar. I knew… (see/somewhere/before) _______________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________ 7 Malik was a multi-millionaire, but he … (not always/be/rich) _______________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________ 7 While, during and for (1)
  80. 80. DTU Corp. DTU Corp. 80 8 While, during and for (2) Put while, during or for into the gaps in these sentences. 1 My grandfather slept _________________ the film. 2 The phone rang ________________ I was having dinner. 3 She lived in Manila ________________several years. 4 _______________ I was in Vietnam, I made a lot of friends. 5 Her grandfather was in hospital ________________ two months. 6 _______________ his stay in hospital, the nurses looked after him well. 7 The flight from Tokyo to London lasts ____________ thirteen hours. 8 I hurt my ankle ______________ I was jogging yesterday. 9 The player hurt his leg ______________ the first half of the match. 10 Traffic is always slow ______________ the rush hour. 11 My neighbour came round _____________ we were eating. GRAMMAR CHECK 1 While is a conjunction. It shows two or more actions happen at the same time. While I was getting dressed, Tom made some coffee. I met my best friend while we were in high school. 2 During is a preposition. It is followed by a noun. It shows when something happened in a period of time. I had to talk to the teacher during the lesson. May I speak to you during the break? We cannot use during with a period of time. *We talked during ten minutes. *We’re on holiday during two weeks. 3 For is a preposition. It is followed by a noun. It shows how long something continues. We talked for ten minutes. We’re going on holiday for two weeks.
  81. 81. DTU Corp. DTU Corp. 81 12 The flight was delayed ____________ three hours. 13 My neighbour came round _____________ the meal. 9 Prepositions in, at, and on for time 10 Using in, at, and on for time Put at, in, on or nothing into the gaps in these sentences. 1 ‘It’s my birthday ___________ next week.’ ‘When?’ ‘______________ Friday.’ ‘______________ what time were you born?’ ‘____________ 7.30 _____________ the evening.’ 2 ‘I’ m meeting Li Lin __________ this morning.’ GRAMMAR CHECK 1 We use at for times and with some time expressions. at 9.00 at noon at lunchtime at the weekend at Christmas at the same time at the moment at the age of 10 2 We use on for days and dates. on Monday on Monday morning on 15 June on Monday evening 3 We use in for longer periods such as months, years and seasons. in May in 1995 in spring in the twentieth century 4 We do not use a preposition before tomorrow, yesterday, last, next or this. What did you do last Thursday night? I’ll see you next Monday.
  82. 82. DTU Corp. DTU Corp. 82 ‘What time?’ ‘___________ 10.30’ 3 ‘What did you do ____________ the weekend?’ ‘__________ Friday evening we went to see a film. We slept until 11.00 _________ Saturday morning, and then ______ the afternoon we went for a walk. ___________ 7.30 some friends came round for a meal. We just relaxed __________ Sunday.’ 4 I learned to drive ___________ 2001 ___________ the age of 22. My sister learned ____________ the same time as me, but she failed her first test. 5 I’ll ring you ____________ next week. _________ Friday, maybe. _________ the morning. _________ about 9.00. Okay? 11 Talking about art and literature Discuss these questions. 1 What kind of books do you like to read? 2 What kind of plays or films do you like to watch? 3 What sort of pictures do you like to look at? Why? 4 Have you been to any art galleries? What did you see? 5 Do you have a favourite writer? Why? 6 Do you have a favourite artist? Why? 12 Using nouns to talk about art and literature Write these nouns in the correct column below. painter author brush novel exhibition fairy tale act sketch picture play art gallery biography masterpiece poem sculpture novelist chapter thriller sculptor poet
  83. 83. DTU Corp. DTU Corp. 83 art literature 13 Using verbs to talk about art and literature Which of the nouns in Activity 12 go with these verbs? 1 read read a poem, read __________________________________ 2 write ____________________________________________________________ 3 paint ____________________________________________________________ 4 draw ____________________________________________________________ 5 go to ____________________________________________________________ 14 Reading Comprehension Adapted from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wayang Pre-Reading Activity: In one minute, share with the class one aspect of your country’s art or culture.
  84. 84. DTU Corp. DTU Corp. 84 http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Wayang_Pandawa.jpg by Gunkhata Indonesian Puppet Play: Wayang Kulit Wayang kulit, shadow puppets prevalent in Java and Bali in Indonesia, are without a doubt the best known of the Indonesian wayang. Kulit means skin, and refers to the leather construction of the puppets that are carefully chiseled with very fine tools and supported with carefully shaped buffalo horn handles and control rods. The stories are usually drawn from the Ramayana, the Mahabharata or the Serat Menak. There is a family of characters in Javanese wayang called Punakawan; they are sometimes referred to as "clown-servants" because they normally are associated with the story's hero, and provide humorous and philosophical interludes. Semar is the father of Gareng (oldest son), Petruk, and Bagong (youngest son). These characters did not originate in the Hindu epics, but were added later, possibly to introduce mystical aspects of Islam into the Hindu-Javanese stories. They provide something akin to a political cabaret, dealing with gossip and contemporary affairs.