NewhouseSU COM 107 Communications and Society #NH1074Ward - Fall 2012 Syllabus


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NewhouseSU COM 107 Communications and Society #NH1074Ward - Fall 2012 Syllabus

  1. 1. COM 107 - M004 (25802) Communications & Society Fall 2012 Monday & Wednesday 3:45 - 5:05 pm Newhouse 1 101Professor: Dr. William Ward I.A.: Porsche Nicholsemail: email: pnichols@syr.eduoffice: NH 2, 339 office: NH 1, 111phone: 315-443-9245 phone: 315-443-7081office hours: Tues. 2-4:00 PM office hours: Mon. 1:30 – 3:30 PM Wed. Noon – 2:00 PM or by appt Thurs. 1- 2:00 PM Twitter Class Hashtag: #NH1074Ward___________________________________________________________You are taking this course, titled Communications and Society, at a crucial period in the history of themedia in the U.S. The invention of radio in the 1920s greatly influenced the future of the newspaperindustry. The broad acceptance of television in the 1950s had a serious impact on the newspaperindustry, the magazine industry, the film industry, and the radio industry. In a similar manner, theInternet is having a profound effect on all the existing "old" media. These old media are trying todetermine how to adjust to, and make the best use of, the Internet. The Internet is trying to determineits own place in the media environment. An additional aspect of this competition is that the media areadjusting to the rise of user-created digital content.In a period of just 40 years, we have gone from mass media, to niche media, to user-createdindividual media. All three are fighting for their place at the consumers table.This competition for the attention of the consumer is being heightened by the worst economicconditions since the Great Depression of the 1930s. Advertising revenues for newspapers,magazines, radio and television have fallen precipitously, requiring new business models for the oldmedia to survive. The growth in ad revenues for Internet properties has slowed, calling into questionhow robust the revenues for websites will eventually be.Our focus will be on developments in the United States, but we will not overlook the global context inwhich our media operate. The worldwide web, after all, has made the world a much smaller place.We will examine the power of the media, and the limits to that power; the meaning of freedom of thepress; the structure of media ownership; the role of advertising in our for-profit media system; thecurrent status of all the media as they adjust to the Internet; the nature of news and public relations;and we will examine the ways in which certain messages shape and reflect society’s ethics andvalues, social norms, reinforce stereotypes, and influence our perceptions of others.Regardless of economic conditions and the job market, we can be confident that trained individualswill continue to gather news, create advertising and public relations strategies, produce movies andtelevision shows, build websites, and so on. Content is not going away. Content is what attractsconsumers to the media.Further, it is in just such periods of revolutionary change and ferment that visionary andentrepreneurial young people shape the future. We hope and assume this group will include many ofyou. The overarching purpose of this course, therefore, is to begin to prepare you for this new world. COM 107 Fall 2012 Syllabus/Page 1
  2. 2. Course Goals & Learning Outcomes:1. Develop an understanding of the business environment in which the media operate;2. Appreciate the changes that have overtaken the “old” media in the last 40 years and understand the impact of the digital revolution;3. Learn the meaning of the First Amendment’s freedoms of speech and press;4. Explore the power of the media to inform, persuade, stereotype, and create the popular culture, as well as the very real limitations on that power;5. Examine the role of the media in bringing about changes in race relations;6. Study how advertising works, and how the ad industry is adjusting to the digital revolution;7. Learn how “news” is defined, distributed, and supported;8. Study how the public relations industry and the news business are intertwined;9. Examine the challenges facing all the media over the next decade, with a particular emphasis on how digital media are changing the rules of the game;10. Improve your writing and analytical skills.At the conclusion of the course, I hope you will have a more critical (but not cynical) understanding ofthe role of the mass media in American life, and of the demands on the professionals who create anddistribute media content.Course Resources:There are three required texts for this course. A number of additional readings will be provided as thesemester progresses. In order to keep up with class discussion and lectures, you will need tocomplete the assigned readings prior to coming to class. • Campbell, R., Martin, C. R., & Fabos, B. (2012). Media and culture: An introduction to mass communication (8th Ed.). Boston: Bedford/St. Martin’s. • Twitchell, J. B. (2000). Twenty ads that shook the world. New York: Three Rivers Press. • Roberts, G. & Klibanoff, H. (2007). The Race Beat. New York: Knopf.In addition, you should read the front page of the New York Times every day in order to be preparedfor the current events quizzes (see Course Requirements). This newspaper is provided free of chargethis year around campus. Every Monday, you should also check the Business Section of New YorkTimes or the Media & Advertising subsection on the website ( and read the storiesrelated to media industries.Course Website:Course documents will be posted on the class Blackboard website at Thesewill include detailed assignment instructions, links to some of the additional readings, updates onschedule changes, course resources and policies, and basic lecture outlines. Please note that theseare very basic lecture outlines and will not serve as a substitute for class notes. COM 107 Fall 2012 Syllabus/Page 2
  3. 3. Course Requirements:Your course grade will be based on the following elements: Percent of Grade Points Your Score Daily Participation/Attendance – in-class discussion & participation with Twitter Back Channel 15% 150 ____ 9/26 Exam 1 10% 100 ____ 10/31 Exam 2 10% 100 ____ 12/5 Exam 3 (Final) 10% 100 ____ 10/10 Paper 40% or 25% 400 or 250 ____ 11/14 Revision 15% 150 ____ TBA Grammar Slammer 2.5% 25 ____ TBA Academic Honesty Session 2.5% 25 ____ unscheduled Current Event Quizzes 10% 100 ____ Total 100% 1000 ____ Extra Credit: max 20 ____Grade Scale: 930-1000 A C+ 770-799 900-929 A- C 730-769 870-899 B+ C- 700-729 830-869 B D 600-699 800-829 B F 0-599Grading CriteriaA grades: Reserved for superior work, above and beyond the basic requirements of the assignment, demonstrated in quality of writing or production, strength of arguments, and rigor of analysis.B grades: Good work that fulfills the requirements of the assignment, but needs some improvement in terms of writing quality, clarity, and analysis.C grades: Fulfills the basic requirements of the assignment, but needs improvementD grades: Extensive Improvement needed. Work demonstrates some attempt to fulfill the basic requirements of the assignment, but is irrelevant, poorly written, or severely flawed.F: Unsatisfactory. Work that fails to fulfill the basic requirements of the assignment.____________________________________________________________Keeping in Touch:Your Instructor Assistant and I hold regular office hours every week. We will be happy to meet withyou to talk about the course, your work, and your writing. If you can’t meet with either of us duringthose scheduled times (see the first page of the syllabus), make an appt. Email is the best way tocontact me ( University policy requires me to use your campus account rather thanoff-site email for official class correspondence. COM 107 Fall 2012 Syllabus/Page 3
  4. 4. Participation & AttendanceIn-class participation and attendance is required to be successful in this class. You are expected tocontribute to in-class discussion and with the class Twitter back channel. We will be connecting theclass together on Twitter. We will be creating a class list on Twitter and using a class Hashtag for anonline, real-time Twitter back channel for in-class discussion. The Hashtag for the class Twitter backchannel will be #NH1074Ward. The Hashtag will be used for communication in-class and outside ofclass throughout the week.ExamsThere will be three exams. The first two are scheduled for regular class periods during the semester.The first will assess your knowledge of the course material covered prior to that date and the secondwill be based on the course material covered between the first and second exams. The final exam willfocus on the material covered after the second exam but may also include three or four essayquestions that draw on material from the entire span of the course.Paper (Due 10/10)The purpose of this paper is two-fold. First, we want to introduce you to an information source locatedoutside the United States. Second, we want to develop your analytical powers by requiring you tocompare and contrast coverage of a specific news event in two quite different American news sourceswith coverage from a news source located outside the U.S.This is a challenging assignment. In order to make it easier, I have provided below a step-by-stepexplanation for how to approach this paper:STEP ONE. You will monitor news events of significance being reported in the media betweenMonday, August 27 and Wed, September 12. You should be looking for events of internationalsignificance in such media as The New York Times, USA Today, CNN, and the Washington Post.Once you have found an event that interests you and has received significant coverage, make certainit has also received significant coverage in news media abroad. This can be an economic, political,cultural, religious, or scientific event. It could be based on a serious natural disaster, should oneoccur. Do NOT select a sporting event. It is acceptable to select an event related to the campaign forthe U.S. presidency, although much of the day-to-day campaigning that is covered in the U.S. is oflittle interest abroad.STEP TWO. Get that event approved as your paper topic by IA via e-mail no later than 5 p.m. onSeptember 12. This will provide a written record of your selections. Also select THREE news mediawhose coverage of your event you intend to compare and contrast. One should be a major nationalnews medium in the U.S. such as The New York Times or CNN. One should be a local or regionalnews medium, such as your hometown newspaper. The third should be a major news medium basedin a foreign country. You must also get approval for the three media whose coverage you intend tostudy. These selections should also be made and approved no later than 5 p.m. on September 12.STEP THREE. Read ALL the coverage of your event on these three news sites beginning on the daythe story broke and continuing for the next three or four days, or until the story runs out of steam.STEP FOUR. Sit down with all that coverage, and your notes about the content of that coverage, andthink carefully about what you have read, heard and watched. Also pay attention to any stillphotographs and video images on the websites that add to the coverage. As you do this, prepare toanswer the following questions in the paper:Which news sites gave this story the most coverage? The least? Why do you think this is so? COM 107 Fall 2012 Syllabus/Page 4
  5. 5. Which facts about the event appeared in all the sites? Which facts appeared in only one or two of thesites?Which facts are in dispute? Why do you think this is so?Do you detect any bias in the coverage based on the nationality of the news site? What is that bias?How does the coverage in a small American site compare with the coverage in a major site?How much would it matter to your understanding of the event if you relied on only one site forinformation? Whose coverage was most useful to you, and why?Does it matter where we get our information about events in the news?In conclusion what, overall, did you learn about news coverage from this exercise?STEP FIVE. Your paper should cover the ground discussed in Step Four above, and whatever else ofinterest you discover in the course of your research. In support of your arguments you should providespecific quotes where appropriate from the many stories you read. Provide a citation for EVERYquote you use in an Endnotes page, and list ALL of the stories you read in a complete list of sourcesattached to the paper.The paper should be no more than 1250 words long (five double-spaced pages of approximately 250words per page) and no less than 1000 words long. No exceptions. (The Endnotes and Bibliographyare outside the word count.) Please include a word count at the end of the paper. Leave sufficientmargins so that there is room for line editing on the paper.STEP SIX. Put the first draft of your paper away for a couple of days. Then rewrite it three or fourtimes until it is clear and free of all extraneous words and grammatical, punctuation and spellingmistakes. Proofread carefully. Make sure you have built a logical argument. Start the paper with anexciting lead paragraph, and conclude it with a paragraph that not only summarizes your findings butalso leaves the reader with something novel to think about. In short, if you turn in a hastily composedfirst draft, you are likely to receive a poor grade.STEP SEVEN. Turn in the paper in class on Wednesday, OCTOBER 10. I will grade the papersbetween that date and Wednesday, October 31, when I will return them with comments, line editingand a grade.STEP EIGHT. Based on those comments, you will rewrite the paper and make it much better.Students who received an A on the first submission need not rewrite. Those who received an A- or aB+ may rewrite if they so choose. It is not required. Those who received a B or below MUST rewrite.The rewrite is due in class on Wednesday, NOVEMBER 14. I will return the rewrite, with a secondgrade, at the final exam.The first draft of the paper is worth 25% of the final course grade. The second draft is worth another15% of the final course grade. If you do not rewrite, the grade on the first draft is also the grade forthe second draft. In other words, if you get an A on the first draft, 40% of the course grade is an A. Ifyou get an A- and choose not to rewrite, 40% of the course grade is an A-. (Note that it is possiblethe rewrite will not produce a higher grade. It must be better than the first submission.) COM 107 Fall 2012 Syllabus/Page 5
  6. 6. Given that this paper is due on October 10, you should conduct your research and analysis betweenSeptember 10 (or earlier) and September 21. Then spend at least 10 days writing, rewriting, andrewriting. We will discuss some basics of the writing process in class on September 24.Those of you not used to writing at a high level of proficiency will find this assignment to be achallenge. But good writing is at the heart of a successful career in the media.Paper Revision “Option”We have learned from past experience that many of you will want a second chance to rewrite andimprove the paper once you have received comments and a grade on the first effort. Therefore, all ofyou who receive a grade of B- or below are required to rewrite the paper. Those of you who earn agrade of B or higher may rewrite it if you so choose, but you are not required to do so.The paper is worth 40% of the final course grade. If you submit a rewrite, the first submission willaccount for 25% of your course grade, and the rewrite will account for remaining 15%.Students who received an A on the first submission need not rewrite. Those who received an A- or aB+ may rewrite if they so choose. Those who received a B or below MUST rewrite. The rewrite is duein class on 11/14.Current Events Quizzes (unscheduled) (10% total)In addition to the exams, paper, and project, there will be a series of unscheduled short quizzes andassignments given throughout the semester. These will include short current events quizzes based onthe front page stories in the New York Times. The purpose of these quizzes is to encourage studentsto stay informed of the events covered by major news media. You will only receive credit for theseassignments if you are in class on the day that they are assigned. There will be no make ups.Extra Credit (maximum of 20 pts.)Extra credit opportunities will be offered throughout the semester. Extra credit can be earned througha) attending instructor-approved guest lectures and writing a brief (1 page) reaction paper, and b)participating in instructor-approved research studies. The amount of extra credit earned will varydepending upon the nature of the opportunity.THREE ADDITIONAL REQUIRED SESSIONSGrammar SlammerYou are required to attend one of the scheduled Grammar Slammer sessions. This session willprovide an intensive grounding in the grammatical rules that we will expect you to apply in your classpapers. Session dates will be listed on Blackboard. Attendance is worth 25 points.Academic Honesty SessionsYou are required to attend one of the scheduled Academic Honesty sessions. In addition to coveringissues of copyright & plagiarism, this session provides information on on-line searching and sourceevaluation. Session dates will be listed on Blackboard. Attendance is worth 25 points.Academic MisconductCheating in any form--falsification of data, plagiarism, etc.--is not acceptable. In addition, unless youare instructed to work in groups, you are expected to submit your own work. I have included a copy ofthe SU and Newhouse School policies. Any form of academic misconduct will result in a grade of "F"for the course and we will pursue the academic misconduct grievance procedures. If you have any COM 107 Fall 2012 Syllabus/Page 6
  7. 7. questions about how to appropriately cite sources or use references, please ask us. Additionalguidance for students can be found in the Office of Academic Integrity resource: ‘What does academicintegrity mean?’General Policies for Written WorkThe Newhouse School takes writing very seriously and considers it one of the most important skillsyou will develop here. Newhouse emphasizes a straightforward, declarative style of writing that isclear and concise; arguments are expected to be well supported with appropriate evidence anddemonstrate logical thinking.Write, Re-Write, and Re-Write AgainFirst drafts are rarely (if ever) perfect. Leave yourself time to polish and proofread your work beforesubmitting it. Emily and I will be happy to meet with you to discuss the overall organization, structure,and strength of your arguments prior to the submission of your paper, but we expect you to beresponsible for proofreading your own work. The following source provides some suggestions forproofreading: • must provide complete citations for each source that you use in your written work--both within thebody of your work and in the accompanying List of References. Remember, even if you areparaphrasing someone else’s words (as opposed to using a direct quote), you must still provide acitation. The Internet is not the public domain. Material drawn from Internet sources must also becited. Never make up quotations, sources, “facts,” statistics, or any other material. Be prepared toprovide sources for every quotation or disputable fact. As the field of Communication uses theAmerican Psychological Association (APA) citation style format, your papers should use thisstyle. The following websites provide information on how to correctly cite written, electronic, andbroadcast sources using APA style: • • • • ExpectationsIt is difficult to assess papers if it is difficult to read them. In other words, all papers must be typed,double-spaced, and appropriately bound or stapled. Use page numbers. For this class (otherprofessors may have different expectations), you should use subheadings to clearly identify thedifferent sections of your paper. You should also include a word count at the end of your paper. Mostword-processing systems have this function. COM 107 Fall 2012 Syllabus/Page 7
  8. 8. Due DatesAssignments are always due at the beginning of class on the designated due date. Late assignmentswill lose a letter grade for each day that they are late. No late work will be accepted after one weekfrom the due date. Any exceptions (illness or family emergencies) must be properly documented foran extension to be arranged. Please note that printer jams and computer crashes are not consideredemergencies. Be familiar with the location of computer labs on campus and save your workfrequently. In addition to the print copy, you will need to submit an electronic copy on the Turnitin linkon the course blackboard site.Religious ObservancesSU’s religious observances policy can be found at SU recognizes the diversity of faithsrepresented among the campus community and protects the rights of students, faculty and staff toobserve religious holy days according to their tradition. Students will be provided an opportunity tomake up any examination, study or work requirements that may be missed due to a religiousobservance provided they notify the instructor before the end of the second week of classes. Studentswho plan to observe a religious holiday this term must use the online notification process on myslice.This is only available the first two weeks of classes.General Exam PoliciesYou are expected to be on time for each scheduled exam. No one will be allowed to take the examafter one of the students in the class has completed his or her exam and left the room. • Class lectures will not cover everything in your assigned readings but you will still be responsible for reading and learning that material. • Exams will be reviewed and discussed in class, but not returned. If you have any questions concerning your exam, we’ll be happy to go over them with you during office hours. Your scores will be available on Blackboard.Makeup ExamsEssay make up exams will be offered only to those students who provide adequate documentationjustifying their missing the exams (illness or family emergency). Please note that out-of-town travelplans and over-sleeping are not considered to be valid reasons for missing scheduled exams.Students with Special NeedsI will be happy to make arrangements for students with documented special needs. If you needspecial conditions for exams, please let me know at the beginning of the semester. For information onauthorized disability-related accommodations go to About GradesThe following policies apply to any questions you may have about your grades:1) The 24 hour reflection period: Emily and I will not answer any questions until 24 hours after your graded work has been returned to you. During that period, you should carefully read the comments and evaluations of your work, re-check the assignment instructions, and then determine if you would like to meet and discuss the assignment. COM 107 Fall 2012 Syllabus/Page 8
  9. 9. 2) The two week expiration period: After the 24 hour reflection period, Emily and I will answer questions or respond to requests for grade re-evaluation for two weeks. After that period, no grade re-evaluations will be considered.3) The “it could go down” policy: Please note that it is possible that in taking a “second look” at your work, we may identify problems that we missed on our first evaluation and as a result your grade may be lowered.4) The “keeping track” policy: Your grades for all assignments will be regularly updated to Blackboard. Should you notice any problems (missing assignments, grade changes), notify me immediately.5) The last week moratorium: Because of the end-of-the-semester crunch, neither Emily nor I will have the time to respond to grade related questions during the last week of the semester.Note: These policies do not apply to questions about upcoming papers or other assignments. Your IA and I will be happy to meet with you during our office hours or by appt. to discuss ways in which you can improve your work.Grade PoliciesPlease note that assigned grades are not a “basis for negotiation.” As mentioned above, Emily and Iare very willing to work with you on preparing for your exams or paper. We are also willing to explainthe standards used to grade your work and to discuss the reasons for assigned grades. Once a finalgrade has been assigned, no submission of additional work for a higher grade will be accepted. Iestablished this policy as I believe that if this opportunity is offered to one student, in fairness it needsto be offered to all of the other students in COM 107. Given the time constraints, it is impossible for usto accomplish this. COM 107 Fall 2012 Syllabus/Page 9
  10. 10. Course ScheduleAs this course focuses on current events, scheduled lectures and reading assignments may (andprobably will) change over the course of the semester as “life happens.” These changes will beupdated on the course website. Check that site regularly. • Additional Readings will be added over the course of the semester. You should read the assigned material prior to coming to class on that date.___________________________________________________________Week One—8/27-8/29Lecture Topics: • What do we mean by Communication? What do we mean by Society? And why are you taking this course? • Communication & Culture o Readings: Campbell, Chpt. 1 & Case StudyWeek Two—9/5Lecture Topics: • Mass Society and Maximum Media Effects o Readings: Campbell, Chpt. 4, pp. 107-124; Chpt. 14 • Changing World—Changing Media—Changing Minds? o Readings: Campbell, Chpt. 6, pp. 185-198Week Three—9/10-9/12Lecture Topics: • TV, Violence, & V-Chips o Readings: Campbell, Chpt. 5; pp. 143-172 • The Players--Media Economics & Ownership o Readings: Campbell, Chpt. 6, pp. 209-216Week Four—9/17-9/19Lecture Topics: • So Who Owns First? Competition, Consolidation, & the FCC o Readings: Campbell, Chpt. 5, pp. 172-183 • What’s News? o Readings: Campbell, Chpt. 8 oWeek Five—9/24-9/26Lecture Topics: • Are the News Media Biased? Principles & Ethics in Journalism o Readings: Power of People’s Media • Wed. 9/26: Exam 1Week Six—10/1-10/3Lecture Topics: • Making (or Faking) the News—Citizen Journalists? o Readings: Campbell, Chpt. 14; o Frontline: News War (Part III) • And They’re Off! Campaign Coverage & Political Advertising COM 107 Fall 2012 Syllabus/Page 10
  11. 11. o Readings: COM 107 Fall 2012 Syllabus/Page 11
  12. 12. Week Seven—10/8-10/10Lecture Topics: • News & National Security o Readings: Frontline: News War (Part I) o Misperceptions, The Media, & the Iraq War • Say What You Want to Say… o Readings: Campbell, Chpt. 15 • Wed. 10/10: Paper 1 DueWeek Eight—10/15-10/17Lecture Topics: • … But Don’t Say: Free Speech and the 1st Amendment o Frontline: News War II (Chpt. 9-11) • Let’s Go Surfing: Internet Development & Regulation o Readings: Campbell, Chpt. 2Week Nine—10/22-10/24Lecture Topics: • Deliberate Persuasion: Audiences, Advertising, & Culture o Readings: Campbell, Chpts. 10; Twitchell, pp. 1-87 • Look at Me! Goals, Techniques, & Branding o Readings: Twitchell, pp. 87-215;Week Ten—10/29-10/31Lecture Topics: • Public Relations—Developing Images & Ethics o Readings: Campbell, Chpt. 12 • Wed. 10/31: Exam 2Week Eleven—11/05-11/07Lecture Topics: • Public Relations o Readings: TBA • The Power of the Printed Word o Readings: Campbell, Chpts. 9 & 10Week Twelve—11/12-11/14Lecture Topics: • Songs & Satellites o Readings: Campbell, Chpt. 3, Chpt. 4, pp. 124-143 • Color Adjustment-- Images of Others o Readings: TBA • Wed. 11/14: Paper Revision Due COM 107 Fall 2012 Syllabus/Page 12
  13. 13. COM 107 Fall 2012 Syllabus/Page 13
  14. 14. Week Thirteen: Thanksgiving Break 11/19-11/21Week Fourteen—11/19-11/121Lecture Topics: • Race in the Media o Readings: Race Beat, Chpts. 15-19 • Race in the News: o Readings: Race Beat, Chpts. 20-23; Media Blackface ( page=1431);Week Fifteen—11/26-11/28Lecture Topics: • “Real Women & Real Men”--Gender Stereotypes o Readings: TBA • Gender & Media o Readings: TBAWeek Sixteen—12/03-12/5Lecture Topics: • Exam Review • Wed. 12/5: Final ExamFinal Exam Schedule: • Mon. 12/10 3-5 PM Newhouse 1 101 Final Exam Review / Class Wrap up COM 107 Fall 2012 Syllabus/Page 14
  15. 15. SYRACUSE UNIVERSITY ACADEMIC INTEGRITY POLICYI. Preamble At Syracuse University, academic integrity is expected of every community member in all endeavors.Academic integrity includes a commitment to the values of honesty, trustworthiness, fairness, and respect.These values are essential to the overall success of an academic society. In addition, each member of theuniversity community has a right to expect adherence to academic integrity from all other community members. An individual’s academic dishonesty threatens and undermines the central mission of the university. Itis unfair to other community members who do not cheat, because it devalues efforts to learn, to teach, and toconduct research. Academic dishonesty interferes with moral and intellectual development, and poisons theatmosphere of open and trusting intellectual discourse. While the policies and procedures in this document pertain in the main to students, it is also the policyof Syracuse University that all instructors, administrators, and staff shall adhere to academic integrity standardsexpected of academic professionals. This policy applies in all schools and colleges at Syracuse University, except as provided in section A,below. Syracuse University schools and colleges utilize a uniform approach to academic integrity to promotecommunication and awareness of policies and fairness and consistency in their application. There may beinstances, however, in which it is legitimate for the faculty of a school or college to adopt a policyaugmentation. Such an augmentation will be consistent with the university-wide approach. A discipline-specificrationale for the augmentation is especially appropriate. A copy of any policy augmentation will be provided tothe university’s Academic Integrity Office (AIO) and published as an appendix to the university’s academicintegrity policies and procedures wherever they are published by the university and/or the schools/colleges. [ Section A applies on to the College of Law and is omitted here]II. Academic Integrity Expectations Academic integrity is violated by any dishonest act which is committed in an academic contextincluding, but not restricted to the following:A. Use of Sources 1. Plagiarism is the use of someone elses language, ideas, information, or original material withoutacknowledging the source. a. Examples of plagiarism: i. Paper is downloaded from an Internet source and/or obtained from a paper mill. ii. Paper contains part or all of the writings of another person (including another student), without citation. iii. Paper contains passages that were cut and pasted from an Internet source, without citation. 2. While students are responsible for knowing how to quote from, paraphrase, and cite sources correctly,the ability to apply that information in all writing situations is an advanced literacy skill acquired over timethrough repeated practice. When a student has attempted to acknowledge sources but has not done so fully or completely, the instructormay determine that the issue is misuse of sources or bad writing, rather than plagiarism. Factors that may berelevant to the determination between misuse of sources and plagiarism include prior academic integrityeducation at Syracuse University and the program level of the student. Instructors are responsible forcommunicating their expectations regarding the use and citation of sources.B. Course Work and Research 1. The use or attempted use of unauthorized aids in examinations or other academic exercises submittedfor evaluation; 2. Fabrication, falsification, or misrepresentation of data, results, sources for papers or reports; in clinicalpractice, as in reporting experiments, measurements, statistical analyses, tests, or other studies never performed;manipulating or altering data or other manifestations of research to achieve a desired result; selective reporting,including the deliberate suppression of conflicting or unwanted data; 3. Copying from another students work; 4. Actions that destroy or alter the work of another student; 5. Unauthorized cooperation in completing assignments or examinations; COM 107 Fall 2012 Syllabus/Page 15
  16. 16. 6. Submission of the same written work in more than one course without prior written approval from bothinstructors.C. Communications 1. Violating the confidentiality of an academic integrity investigation, resolution, or documentation; 2. Making a false report of academic dishonesty; 3. Dishonesty in requests for make-up exams, for extensions of deadlines for submitting papers, or in anyother matter relating to a course.D. Representations and Materials Misuse 1. Falsification of records, reports, or documents associated with the educational process; 2. Misrepresentation of ones own or anothers identity in an academic context; 3. Misrepresentation of material facts or circumstances in relation to examinations, papers, or otheracademic activities; 4. Sale of papers, essays, or research for fraudulent use; 5. Alteration or falsification of university records; 6. Unauthorized use of university academic facilities or equipment, including computer accounts and files; 7. Unauthorized recording, sale, purchase, or use of academic lectures, academic computer software, orother instructional materials; 8. Expropriation or abuse of ideas and preliminary data obtained during the process of editorial or peerreview of work submitted to journals, or in proposals for funding by agency panels or by internal universitycommittees; 9. Expropriation and/or inappropriate dissemination of personally-identifying human subject data; 10. Unauthorized removal, mutilation, or deliberate concealment of materials in university libraries, media,laboratories, or academic resource centers.III. Course-Specific ExpectationsA. The instructor of record is responsible for determining and communicating course-specific academicintegrity expectations. Instructors of record are responsible for stating course-specific expectations in writing,particularly those regarding use of sources and collaboration.B. Students are responsible for consulting their instructors for any clarification needed on academic integritystandards, including those set forth in this policy and those that are course-specific.C. Collusion is assisting or attempting to assist another in an act of academic dishonesty. Collusion is distinctfrom collaborative learning, which may be a valuable component of scholarly development. Acceptable levels ofcollaboration vary in different courses, and students are expected to consult with their instructor if they areuncertain whether their cooperative activities are acceptable. Portions of this policy are adapted from the following sources, with permission: Council of Writing Program Administrators. "Defining and AvoidingPlagiarism: WPA Statement on Best Policies." Council of Writing Program Administrators, January 2003.<>.Howard, Rebecca Moore. "A Plagiarism Pentimento." Journal of Teaching Writing (Summer 1993).233-245. Portions of this policy are based on the academic integrity policies of Boston College, Cornell University, Duke University, GeorgetownUniversity, the University of Maryland, and former policies of Syracuse University’s School of Architecture, College of Arts and Sciences, L.C. SmithCollege of Engineering and Computer Science, School of Education, College of Human Services and Health Professions, School of Information Studies,Whitman School of Management, and College of Visual and Performing Arts. COM 107 Fall 2012 Syllabus/Page 16