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Pronouns

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  • 1. PARTS OF SPEECH Pronouns
  • 2. PRONOUNS  A pronoun is often defined as a word which can be used instead of a noun. For example, instead of saying John is a student, the pronoun he can be used in place of the noun John and the sentence becomes He is a student. We use pronouns very often, especially so that we do not have to keep on repeating a noun.
  • 3.  Unlike nouns, personal pronouns sometimes have different forms for masculine/male, feminine/female and neuter (he-she-it). Also unlike nouns, personal pronouns have different forms depending on if they act as subjects or objects (he-him, she-her). A subject is a word which does an action and usually comes before the verb, and an object is a word that receives an action and usually comes after the verb. For example, in the sentence Yesterday Susan called her mother, Susan is the subject and mother is the object. The pronoun she can be used instead of Susan and the pronoun her can be used instead of mother.
  • 4.  There is also a possessive form of the pronoun. Just as we can make a noun possessive as in the sentence That is my father's book to mean That is the book of my father, we can make the pronoun possessive and say That book is his. There are possessive adjective forms (such as my, your, his, her etc.) that are discussed with other adjectives in chapter 4. Possessive pronouns can stand by themselves without nouns, but possessive adjectives, like other adjectives, are used together with nouns.
  • 5.  There is also an intensive form of the pronoun which intensifies or emphasizes the noun that it comes after as in the sentence I myself saw him. The reflexive form of the pronoun looks exactly like the intensive form but is used when the subject and object of a verb refers to the same person as in the sentence I saw myself in the mirror.
  • 6. TYPES OF PRONOUNS  PRONOUNS Pronoun as Subject Pronoun as Object Pronoun as Possessive Adjective Possessive Pronoun Reflexive Pronoun 1st Person Singular I me my mine myself 2nd Person Singular you you your yours yourself 3rd Person Singular He/she/it Him/her/it His/her/its His/hers/its Himself/hersel f/itself 1st Person Plural we us our ours ourselves 2nd Person Plural you you your yours yourselves 3rd Person Plural they them their theirs themselves
  • 7. EXERCISES  My dog ate my homework  They ate with us  I am upset with them  I am going by myself  Her class is my favorite  I took my book with me  He reads a story to his brother.

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