Part of the speech


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Part of the speech

  1. 1. What is a Verb? A verb express action, events, or states of being. Many verbs give the idea of action, of "doing" something. 0 Run, fight and work. But some verbs do not give the idea of action; they give the idea of existence, of state, of "being". 0 Be, exist, seem and belong.
  2. 2. A verb always has a subject. 0 John speaks english. Verb Classification 0 Helping verbs 0 Main verbs
  3. 3. Helping verbs Auxiliary verbs. Helping verbs have no meaning on their own. We usually use helping verbs with main verbs. They "help" the main verb . 0 Primary helping verbs. 0 Modal helping verbs.
  4. 4. Primary helping verbs 0 Be To make continuous tenses = He is watching TV. To make the passive = Small fish are eaten by big fish. 0 Have to make perfect tenses = I have finished my homework.
  5. 5. 0 Do To make negatives = I do not like you. To ask questions = Do you want some coffee? To show emphasis = I do want you to pass your exam. To stand for a main verb in some constructions = He speaks faster than she does.
  6. 6. Modal helping verbs We use modal helping verbs to "modify" the meaning of the main verb in some way. Can, could, may, might, will, would, shall, should, must, ought to. Here are examples using modal verbs: 0 I can't speak Chinese. 0 John may arrive late. 0 Would you like a cup of coffee? 0 You should see a doctor. 0 I really must go now.
  7. 7. Main verb Main verbs have meaning on their own. 0 Transitive and intransitive verbs. 0 Linking verbs 0 Dynamic and stative verbs. 0 Regular and irregular verbs
  8. 8. Transitive and intransitive verbs. A transitive verb takes a direct object. 0 I saw an elephant. 0 We are watching TV. 0 He speaks English. An intransitive verb does not have a direct object. 0 He has arrived. 0 John goes to school. 0 She speaks fast.
  9. 9. Linking verbs A linking verb does not have much meaning in itself. 0 Mary is a teacher. (mary = teacher) 0 Tara is beautiful. (tara = beautiful) 0 That sounds interesting. (that = interesting) 0 The sky became dark. (the sky > dark) 0 The bread has gone bad. (bread > bad)
  10. 10. Dynamic and stative verbs Some verbs describe action. They are called "dynamic“. Other verbs describe state (non-action, a situation). They are called "stative“. Dynamic verbs: 0 hit, explode, fight, run, go Stative verbs: 0 Be, like, love, prefer, wish 0 impress, please, surprise 0 hear, see, sound 0 belong to, consist of, contain, include, need 0 appear, resemble, seem
  11. 11. Regular and irregular verbs The only real difference between regular and irregular verbs is that they have different endings for their past tense and past participle forms. 0 regular verbs: 0 look, looked, looked 0 work, worked, worked 0 irregular verbs: 0 buy, bought, bought 0 cut, cut, cut 0 do, did, done
  12. 12. Excersises 0 The grocery clerk will carry your bags out for you. Helping or main. 0 The mail arrived after I left. Transitive or intransitive. 0 I have already done my homework. Regular or irregular.
  13. 13. 0 That book you recommended sounds interesting. 0 Linking or transitive. 0 She seemed like an interesting person. 0 Active or stative. 0 I prefer cream rather than milk. 0 Dynamic or stative. 0 Jerry studies for three hours every day. 0 Helping or main.
  14. 14. 0 We looked at all of the art in the museum. Regular or irregular. 0 Would you take a picture for us? Transitive or intransitive. 0 I don't want to fight about who gets the car. Dynamic or stative.