The Demographics of Metropolitan Detroit - Presentation to New Faculty

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The Demographics of Metropolitan Detroit - Presentation to New Faculty

  1. 1. The Demographics of Metropolitan Detroit presentation to Detroit Orientation Institute for New WSU Faculty Kurt Metzger Director Data Driven Detroit (D3) August 20, 2010
  2. 2. The national media are telling a half-century story as if it unfolded over a few years, and, in the process, they're missing important explanations and underpinnings. The truth is, we've struggled with leadership around here for at least the last half-century, if not longer. And that's where we half- should be embarrassed by the similarities between the 1961 Time story and today's coverage. How can we have learned so little over so long? What does it say about leadership -- or our ability to choose leaders -- that we're facing the same issues today that confronted us before men walked on the moon?
  3. 3. The Transformation of Detroit “No one social program or policy, A number of historical and no single force, whether housing contemporary policies and segregation, social welfare structural factors created programs or deindustrialization, today’s conditions in Detroit could have driven Detroit and other cities like it from their position of economic and political dominance; there is no simple explanation for the inequality and marginality that beset the urban poor. It is only through the complex and interwoven histories of race, residence and work in the postwar era that the state of today’s cities and their impoverished residents can be fully understood and confronted.” – Thomas J. Sugrue, The Origins of the Urban Crisis: Race and Inequality in Postwar Detroit. Page 5
  4. 4. Detroit’s Population History 2,000,000 1,849,568 1,800,000 1,670,144 1,623,452 1,600,000 1,568,662 1,511,482 1,400,000 1,203,339 1,200,000 1,027,974 993,078 1,000,000 951,270 912,633 910,920 772,419 800,000 600,000 465,766 400,000 285,704 205,876 200,000 116,340 0 1880 1890 1900 1910 1920 1930 1940 1950 1960 1970 1980 1990 2000 2008 2009 2010 Source: Census Bureau and SEMCOG (2010)
  5. 5. Growth of Detroit Suburbs Post World War II 3,500,000 TRI-COUNTY TOTALS 3,160,050 1950 3,016,197 3,092,197 3,051,863 1960 3,762,390 3,000,000 2,884,705 1970 4,203,743 2,840,897 1980 4,044,236 2,692,261 1990 3,912,679 2000 4,043,467 2,500,000 2009 3,962,783 2010 3,932,469 2,092,246 2,000,000 1,849,568 1,670,144 1,511,482 1,500,000 1,166,629 1,203,339 1,027,974 1,000,000 951,270 910,920 772,419 500,000 0 1950 1960 1970 1980 1990 2000 2009 2010 Source: Census Bureau and SEMCOG (2010)
  6. 6. I-75 M-10 M-39 I-94 M-8 M-10 I-94 M-39 I-96 I-96 I-75 M-10 I-96 I-94 I-75 M-39 I-375 I-94 M-10 I-75 Persons Per Square Mile 40,000 - 64,910 30,000 - 39,999 20,000 - 29,999 10,000 - 19,999 5,000 - 9,999 50 - 4,999 No Population I-75 Population Density, by Census Tract 0 0.45 0.9 1.8 1930 Miles Sources: Data Driven Detroit, Wayne State University, Detroit, Michigan Claritas, Demographics Now, US Census Bureau 7/30/2010
  7. 7. I-75 M-10 M-39 I-94 M-8 M-10 I-94 M-39 I-96 I-96 I-75 M-10 I-96 I-94 I-75 M-39 I-375 I-94 M-10 I-75 Persons Per Square Mile 40,000 - 78,566 30,000 - 39,999 20,000 - 29,999 10,000 - 19,999 5,000 - 9,999 27 - 4,999 I-75 Population Density, by Census Tract 0 0.45 0.9 1.8 1940 Miles Sources: Data Driven Detroit, Wayne State University, Detroit, Michigan Claritas, Demographics Now, US Census Bureau 7/30/2010
  8. 8. I-75 M-10 M-39 I-94 M-8 M-10 I-94 M-39 I-96 I-96 I-75 M-10 I-96 I-94 I-75 M-39 I-375 I-94 M-10 I-75 Persons Per Square Mile 40,000 - 80,150 30,000 - 39,999 20,000 - 29,999 10,000 - 19,999 5,000 - 9,999 8 - 4,999 I-75 Population Density, by Census Tract 0 0.45 0.9 1.8 1950 Miles Sources: Data Driven Detroit, Wayne State University, Detroit, Michigan Claritas, Demographics Now, US Census Bureau 7/30/2010
  9. 9. I-75 M-10 M-39 I-94 M-8 M-10 I-94 M-39 I-96 I-96 I-75 M-10 I-96 I-94 I-75 M-39 I-375 I-94 M-10 I-75 Persons Per Square Mile 40,000 - 56,275 30,000 - 39,999 20,000 - 29,999 10,000 - 19,999 5,000 - 9,999 1,410 - 4,999 No Population I-75 Population Density, by Census Tract 0 0.45 0.9 1.8 1960 Miles Sources: Data Driven Detroit, Wayne State University, Detroit, Michigan Claritas, Demographics Now, US Census Bureau 7/30/2010
  10. 10. I-75 M-10 M-39 I-94 M-8 M-10 I-94 M-39 I-96 I-96 I-75 M-10 I-96 I-94 I-75 M-39 I-375 I-94 M-10 I-75 Persons Per Square Mile 30,000 - 39,582 20,000 - 29,999 10,000 - 19,999 5,000 - 9,999 405 - 4,999 I-75 Population Density, by Census Tract 0 0.45 0.9 1.8 1970 Miles Sources: Data Driven Detroit, Wayne State University, Detroit, Michigan Claritas, Demographics Now, US Census Bureau 7/30/2010
  11. 11. I-75 M-10 M-39 I-94 M-8 M-10 I-94 M-39 I-96 I-96 I-75 M-10 I-96 I-94 I-75 M-39 I-375 I-94 M-10 I-75 Persons Per Square Mile 30,000 - 32,710 20,000 - 29,999 10,000 - 19,999 5,000 - 9,999 29 - 4,999 No Population I-75 Population Density, by Census Tract 0 0.45 0.9 1.8 1980 Miles Sources: Data Driven Detroit, Wayne State University, Detroit, Michigan Claritas, Demographics Now, US Census Bureau 7/30/2010
  12. 12. I-75 M-10 M-39 I-94 M-8 M-10 I-94 M-39 I-96 I-96 I-75 M-10 I-96 I-94 I-75 M-39 I-375 I-94 M-10 I-75 Persons Per Square Mile 10,000 - 16,901 5,000 - 9,999 115 - 4,999 No Population I-75 Population Density, by Census Tract 0 0.45 0.9 1.8 1990 Miles Sources: Data Driven Detroit, Wayne State University, Detroit, Michigan Claritas, Demographics Now, US Census Bureau 7/30/2010
  13. 13. I-75 M-10 M-39 I-94 M-8 M-10 I-94 M-39 I-96 I-96 I-75 M-10 I-96 I-94 I-75 M-39 I-375 I-94 M-10 I-75 Persons Per Square Mile 8 - 4,999 5,000 - 9,999 10,000 - 17,090 No Population I-75 Population Density, by Census Tract 0 0.45 0.9 1.8 2000 Miles Sources: Data Driven Detroit, Wayne State University, Detroit, Michigan Claritas, Demographics Now, US Census Bureau 7/30/2010
  14. 14. I-75 M-10 M-39 I-94 M-8 M-10 I-94 M-39 I-96 I-96 I-75 M-10 I-96 I-94 I-75 M-39 I-375 I-94 M-10 I-75 Persons Per Square Mile 6 - 4,999 5,000 - 9,999 10,000 - 16,051 No Population I-75 Population Density, by Census Tract 0 0.45 0.9 1.8 2010 Miles Sources: Data Driven Detroit, Wayne State University, Detroit, Michigan Claritas, Demographics Now, US Census Bureau 7/30/2010
  15. 15. Metropolitan Detroit MCD's 1990 - 2000 Population Change Memphis Richmond Twp Brandon Twp Oxford Twp Addison Twp Groveland Twp Bruce Twp Armada Twp Holly Twp Richmond Washington Twp Ray Twp Independence Twp Orion Twp Oakland Twp Lenox Twp Springfield Twp Rose Twp Clarkston Lake Auburn Hills Chesterfield New Baltimore Angelus Rochester Twp Shelby Twp Macomb Twp Highland Twp White Lake Twp Waterford Twp Pontiac Rochester Hills Macomb Macomb Utica Oakland Keego Oakland Harbor Sylvan Lake Mount Harrison Twp Clemens Orchard Clinton Twp Lake Commerce Twp Village Bloomfield Hills Troy Sterling Heights Milford Twp West Bloomfield Bloomfield Twp Birmingham Walled Twp Clawson Fraser Wixom Lake Southfield Twp Madison Royal Oak Heights Warren Roseville St. Clair Berkley Farmington Hills Lathrup Pleasant Shores Village Ridge Lyon Twp Huntington Woods Center Line Novi Southfield South Novi Twp Grosse Farmington Oak Park Hazel Eastpointe Lyon Royal Oak Pointe Park Twp Ferndale Shores Northville Grosse Harper Pointe Woods Lake Woods Northville Twp Livonia Highland Park Grosse Pointe Grosse Pointe Farms St. Clair Ha mtra Redford mck Twp Plymouth Grosse Detroit Twp Plymouth Wayne Wayne Pointe Park Dearborn Heights Westland Garden er it Riv Detro City Dearborn Canton Twp. Inkster Melvindale Wayne River Canada Percent Change Rouge Allen Park Lincoln Park Ecorse C a 60% d 123% n a to a Van Buren Twp Taylor Belleville Romulus Southgate Wyandotte 40% to 59.9% 20% to 39.9% Riverview 1% to 19.9% -4.9% to -1% Huron Twp Sumpter Twp Woodhaven Trenton Grosse Ile Twp -17% to -5% Flat Rock Gibraltar Rockwood Brownstown Twp Lake Erie Wayne State Univesity/Center for Urban Studies May 2001
  16. 16. Figure 6 Net Flow of Domestic Migration Southeast Michigan, 1995-2000 5,000 35,000 15,000 St. Clair 4,000 2,000 7,000 7,000 Oakland Macomb Livingston 16,000 5,000 6,000 10,000 15,000 1,000 4,000 Detroit Balance Washtenaw of Wayne 18,000 7,000 18,000 1,500 100 32,000 3,000 Arrows extending beyond the Southeast Michigan Monroe boundary represent the net flow of domestic migration between the specific county/area and U.S. counties outside the region. In net terms, 32,000 more persons moved from the Balance of Wayne County to U.S. counties outside the region, from 1995–2000. 500 Note: Numbers shown represent the net flow of persons age five and older. Net flows between non-adjacent counties areas in Southeast Michigan are less than 2,000. For purposes of map clarity, these net flows are not shown. Source: U.S. Census Bureau. ?? - Migration and its Impact on Southeast Michigan, 1990-2003
  17. 17. Detroit Residential Parcel Survey – 2/2010
  18. 18. Detroit Residential Parcel Survey – 2/2010
  19. 19. Predominant Race, 1950 Tri-County Area MACOMB MACOMB OAKLAND OAKLAND Detroit Detroit WAYNE WAYNE Legend COUNTY COUNTY City City Census Tract Predominant Race White Black No Data No Population Source: Minnesota Population Center. HNGIS, 2004 December 2008/jcb
  20. 20. Predominant Race, 1960 Tri-County Area MACOMB MACOMB OAKLAND OAKLAND Detroit Detroit WAYNE WAYNE Legend COUNTY COUNTY City City Census Tract Predominant Race White Black No Data No Population Source: Minnesota Population Center. HNGIS, 2004 December 2008/jcb
  21. 21. Predominant Race, 1970 Tri-County Area MACOMB MACOMB OAKLAND OAKLAND Detroit Detroit WAYNE WAYNE Legend COUNTY COUNTY City City Census Tract Predominant Race White Black Source: US Census Bureau, 1970 December 2008/jcb
  22. 22. Predominant Race, 1980 Tri-County Area MACOMB MACOMB OAKLAND OAKLAND Detroit Detroit WAYNE WAYNE Legend COUNTY COUNTY City City Census Tract Predominant Race White Black Hispanic No Population Source: US Census Bureau, 1980 December 2008/jcb
  23. 23. Predominant Race, 1990 Tri-County Area MACOMB MACOMB OAKLAND OAKLAND Detroit Detroit WAYNE WAYNE Legend COUNTY COUNTY City City Census Tract Predominant Race White Black Hispanic No Population Source: US Census Bureau, 1990 December 2008/jcb
  24. 24. Predominant Race, 2000 Tri-County Area MACOMB MACOMB OAKLAND OAKLAND Detroit Detroit WAYNE WAYNE Legend COUNTY COUNTY City City Census Tract Predominant Race White Black Hispanic No Population Source: US Census Bureau, 2000 December 2008/jcb
  25. 25. Van Dyke Van Dyke Van Dyke Van Dyke Van Dyke Van Dyke Van Dyke 39 75 10 94 Telegraph Telegraph Telegraph Telegraph Telegraph Telegraph Highland Park ottt o ot atttiio a io tio Grra 10 Gra Grr Gr G Gr Grra Grra Gra and and n nd nd R dRRiv Riiiv Riv Hamtramck ve r verr e er er e Wo Wo Wo Woo Wo Wo ood ood oo d od odw dwa 96 75 wa 94 warr wa wa ard rrd rrd rdd d 96 39 10 75 e e Isl 94 96 75 Bell 375 Michigan Michigan Michigan Michigan Michigan Michigan 75 tR iver De troi Predominant Race by Census Tract White Black Source: US Census Bureau, 1950 Predominant Race by 1950 CensusTract 75 Detroit, Michigan  2001 Wayne State University CULMA/Center for Urban Studies/jcb
  26. 26. Van Dyke Van Dyke Van Dyke Van Dyke Van Dyke Van Dyke Van Dyke 39 75 10 94 Telegraph Telegraph Telegraph Telegraph Telegraph Telegraph Highland Park ottt o ot atttiio a io tio Grra 10 Gra Grr Gr G Gr Grra Grra Gra and and n nd nd R dRRiv Riiiv Riv Hamtramck ve r verr e er er e Wo Wo Wo Woo Wo Wo ood ood oo d od odw dwa 96 75 wa 94 warr wa wa ard rrd rrd rdd d 96 39 10 75 e e Isl 94 96 75 Bell 375 Michigan Michigan Michigan Michigan Michigan Michigan 75 tR iver De troi Predominant Race by Census Tract Hispanic Black White Predominant Race by No Population No Predominant Race 75 2000 Census Tract Source: US Census Bureau 2000 Detroit, Michigan  2001 Wayne State University CULMA/Center for Urban Studies/jcb

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