Metropolitan Detroit's Diverse Popultion 10.14.10

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  • 1. Metropolitan Detroit’s Diverse Population: A Closer Look presentation for Detroit Orientation Institute Kurt Metzger Director Data Driven Detroit (D3) October 14, 2010
  • 2. Kurt
  • 3. Detroit’s Population History2,000,000 1,849,5681,800,000 1,670,144 1,623,4521,600,000 1,568,662 1,511,4821,400,000 1,203,3391,200,000 1,027,974 993,0781,000,000 951,270 912,633 910,920 772,419 800,000 600,000 465,766 400,000 285,704 205,876 200,000 116,340 0 1880 1890 1900 1910 1920 1930 1940 1950 1960 1970 1980 1990 2000 2008 2009 2010 Source: Census Bureau and SEMCOG (2010)
  • 4. Metropolitan Detroit MCDsCensus 2000 Memphis Richmond Twp Brandon Twp Oxford Twp Addison Twp Groveland Twp Bruce Twp Armada Twp Holly Twp Richmond Washington Twp Ray Twp Independence Twp Orion Twp Oakland Twp Lenox Twp Springfield Twp Rose Twp Clarkston Lake Auburn Hills Chesterfield New Baltimore Angelus Rochester Twp Shelby Twp Macomb Twp Highland Twp White Lake Twp Waterford Twp Pontiac Rochester Hills Macomb Macomb Utica Oakland Keego Oakland Harbor Sylvan Harrison Twp Lake Mount Clemens Orchard Clinton Twp Lake Commerce Twp Village Bloomfield Hills Troy Sterling Heights Milford Twp West Bloomfield Bloomfield Twp Birmingham Walled Twp Clawson Fraser Wixom Lake Southfield Twp Madison Royal Oak Heights Warren Roseville St. Clair Berkley Farmington Hills Lathrup Pleasant Shores Village Ridge Lyon Twp Huntington Woods Center Line Novi Southfield South Novi Twp Grosse Farmington Oak Park Hazel Eastpointe Lyon Royal Oak Pointe Park Twp Ferndale Shores Northville Grosse Harper Pointe Woods Lake Woods Northville Twp Livonia Highland Park Grosse Pointe Grosse Pointe Farms St. Clair Ha mtra Redford mck Twp Plymouth Grosse Detroit Twp Plymouth Wayne Wayne Pointe Park Dearborn Heights Westland Garden er it Riv Detro City Dearborn Canton Twp. Inkster Melvindale Wayne River Canada Rouge Allen Park Lincoln Park Ecorse CanadaDetroit-Ann Arbor- Taylor Van Buren Twp Romulus Flint CMSA Wyandotte Southgate Belleville Riverview Huron Twp Woodhaven Trenton Grosse Ile Sumpter Twp Twp Area Flat Rock Gibraltar of Detail Rockwood Brownstown Twp Lake ErieWayne State Univesity/Center for Urban Studies March 2001
  • 5. Growth of Detroit Suburbs Post World War II3,500,000 TRI-COUNTY TOTALS 3,160,050 1950 3,016,197 3,092,197 3,051,863 1960 3,762,3903,000,000 2,884,705 1970 4,203,743 2,840,897 1980 4,044,236 2,692,261 1990 3,912,679 2000 4,043,4672,500,000 2009 3,962,783 2010 3,932,469 2,092,2462,000,000 1,849,568 1,670,144 1,511,4821,500,000 1,166,629 1,203,339 1,027,9741,000,000 951,270 910,920 772,419 500,000 0 1950 1960 1970 1980 1990 2000 2009 2010 Source: Census Bureau and SEMCOG (2010)
  • 6. Development HistoryYear Builtby 5 Acre Gridcells 1920 and Earlier 1921 - 1940 1941 - 1960 1961 - 1980 1981 - 1990 1991 - 2000 2001 - 2004
  • 7. I-75 M-10 M-39 I-94 M-8 M-10 I-94 M-39 I-96 I-96 I-75 M-10 I-96 I-94 I-75 M-39 I-375 I-94 M-10 I-75 Persons Per Square Mile 40,000 - 64,910 30,000 - 39,999 20,000 - 29,999 10,000 - 19,999 5,000 - 9,999 50 - 4,999 No Population I-75 Population Density, by Census Tract0 0.45 0.9 1.8 1930 MilesSources: Data Driven Detroit, Wayne State University, Detroit, MichiganClaritas, Demographics Now, US Census Bureau 7/30/2010
  • 8. I-75 M-10 M-39 I-94 M-8 M-10 I-94 M-39 I-96 I-96 I-75 M-10 I-96 I-94 I-75 M-39 I-375 I-94 M-10 I-75 Persons Per Square Mile 40,000 - 78,566 30,000 - 39,999 20,000 - 29,999 10,000 - 19,999 5,000 - 9,999 27 - 4,999 I-75 Population Density, by Census Tract0 0.45 0.9 1.8 1940 MilesSources: Data Driven Detroit, Wayne State University, Detroit, MichiganClaritas, Demographics Now, US Census Bureau 7/30/2010
  • 9. I-75 M-10 M-39 I-94 M-8 M-10 I-94 M-39 I-96 I-96 I-75 M-10 I-96 I-94 I-75 M-39 I-375 I-94 M-10 I-75 Persons Per Square Mile 40,000 - 80,150 30,000 - 39,999 20,000 - 29,999 10,000 - 19,999 5,000 - 9,999 8 - 4,999 I-75 Population Density, by Census Tract0 0.45 0.9 1.8 1950 MilesSources: Data Driven Detroit, Wayne State University, Detroit, MichiganClaritas, Demographics Now, US Census Bureau 7/30/2010
  • 10. I-75 M-10 M-39 I-94 M-8 M-10 I-94 M-39 I-96 I-96 I-75 M-10 I-96 I-94 I-75 M-39 I-375 I-94 M-10 I-75 Persons Per Square Mile 40,000 - 56,275 30,000 - 39,999 20,000 - 29,999 10,000 - 19,999 5,000 - 9,999 1,410 - 4,999 No Population I-75 Population Density, by Census Tract0 0.45 0.9 1.8 1960 MilesSources: Data Driven Detroit, Wayne State University, Detroit, MichiganClaritas, Demographics Now, US Census Bureau 7/30/2010
  • 11. I-75 M-10 M-39 I-94 M-8 M-10 I-94 M-39 I-96 I-96 I-75 M-10 I-96 I-94 I-75 M-39 I-375 I-94 M-10 I-75 Persons Per Square Mile 30,000 - 39,582 20,000 - 29,999 10,000 - 19,999 5,000 - 9,999 405 - 4,999 I-75 Population Density, by Census Tract0 0.45 0.9 1.8 1970 MilesSources: Data Driven Detroit, Wayne State University, Detroit, MichiganClaritas, Demographics Now, US Census Bureau 7/30/2010
  • 12. I-75 M-10 M-39 I-94 M-8 M-10 I-94 M-39 I-96 I-96 I-75 M-10 I-96 I-94 I-75 M-39 I-375 I-94 M-10 I-75 Persons Per Square Mile 30,000 - 32,710 20,000 - 29,999 10,000 - 19,999 5,000 - 9,999 29 - 4,999 No Population I-75 Population Density, by Census Tract0 0.45 0.9 1.8 1980 MilesSources: Data Driven Detroit, Wayne State University, Detroit, MichiganClaritas, Demographics Now, US Census Bureau 7/30/2010
  • 13. I-75 M-10 M-39 I-94 M-8 M-10 I-94 M-39 I-96 I-96 I-75 M-10 I-96 I-94 I-75 M-39 I-375 I-94 M-10 I-75 Persons Per Square Mile 10,000 - 16,901 5,000 - 9,999 115 - 4,999 No Population I-75 Population Density, by Census Tract0 0.45 0.9 1.8 1990 MilesSources: Data Driven Detroit, Wayne State University, Detroit, MichiganClaritas, Demographics Now, US Census Bureau 7/30/2010
  • 14. I-75 M-10 M-39 I-94 M-8 M-10 I-94 M-39 I-96 I-96 I-75 M-10 I-96 I-94 I-75 M-39 I-375 I-94 M-10 I-75 Persons Per Square Mile 8 - 4,999 5,000 - 9,999 10,000 - 17,090 No Population I-75 Population Density, by Census Tract0 0.45 0.9 1.8 2000 MilesSources: Data Driven Detroit, Wayne State University, Detroit, MichiganClaritas, Demographics Now, US Census Bureau 7/30/2010
  • 15. I-75 M-10 M-39 I-94 M-8 M-10 I-94 M-39 I-96 I-96 I-75 M-10 I-96 I-94 I-75 M-39 I-375 I-94 M-10 I-75 Persons Per Square Mile 6 - 4,999 5,000 - 9,999 10,000 - 16,051 No Population I-75 Population Density, by Census Tract0 0.45 0.9 1.8 2010 MilesSources: Data Driven Detroit, Wayne State University, Detroit, MichiganClaritas, Demographics Now, US Census Bureau 7/30/2010
  • 16. Figure 6 Net Flow of Domestic Migration Southeast Michigan, 1995-2000 5,000 35,000 15,000 St. Clair 4,000 2,000 7,000 7,000 Oakland Macomb Livingston 16,000 5,000 6,000 10,000 15,000 1,000 4,000 Detroit Balance Washtenaw of Wayne 18,000 7,000 18,0001,500 100 32,000 3,000 Arrows extending beyond the Southeast Michigan Monroe boundary represent the net flow of domestic migration between the specific county/area and U.S. counties outside the region. In net terms, 32,000 more persons moved from the Balance of Wayne County to U.S. counties outside the region, from 1995–2000. 500 Note: Numbers shown represent the net flow of persons age five and older. Net flows between non-adjacent counties areas in Southeast Michigan are less than 2,000. For purposes of map clarity, these net flows are not shown. Source: U.S. Census Bureau. ?? - Migration and its Impact on Southeast Michigan, 1990-2003
  • 17. Metropolitan Detroit MCDs1990 - 2000 Population Change Memphis Richmond Twp Brandon Twp Oxford Twp Addison Twp Groveland Twp Bruce Twp Armada Twp Holly Twp Richmond Washington Twp Ray Twp Independence Twp Orion Twp Oakland Twp Lenox Twp Springfield Twp Rose Twp Clarkston Lake Auburn Hills Chesterfield New Baltimore Angelus Rochester Twp Shelby Twp Macomb Twp Highland Twp White Lake Twp Waterford Twp Pontiac Rochester Hills Macomb Macomb Utica Oakland Keego Oakland Harbor Sylvan Lake Mount Harrison Twp Clemens Orchard Clinton Twp Lake Commerce Twp Village Bloomfield Hills Troy Sterling Heights Milford Twp West Bloomfield Bloomfield Twp Birmingham Walled Twp Clawson Fraser Wixom Lake Southfield Twp Madison Royal Oak Heights Warren Roseville St. Clair Berkley Farmington Hills Lathrup Pleasant Shores Village Ridge Lyon Twp Huntington Woods Center Line Novi Southfield South Novi Twp Grosse Farmington Oak Park Hazel Eastpointe Lyon Royal Oak Pointe Park Twp Ferndale Shores Northville Grosse Harper Pointe Woods Lake Woods Northville Twp Livonia Highland Park Grosse Pointe Grosse Pointe Farms St. Clair Ha mtra Redford mck Twp Plymouth Grosse Detroit Twp Plymouth Wayne Wayne Pointe Park Dearborn Heights Westland Garden er it Riv Detro City Dearborn Canton Twp. Inkster Melvindale Wayne River Canada Percent Change Rouge Allen Park Lincoln Park Ecorse C a 60% d 123% n a to a Van Buren Twp Taylor Belleville Romulus Southgate Wyandotte 40% to 59.9% 20% to 39.9% Riverview 1% to 19.9% -4.9% to -1% Huron Twp Sumpter Twp Woodhaven Trenton Grosse Ile Twp -17% to -5% Flat Rock Gibraltar Rockwood Brownstown Twp Lake ErieWayne State Univesity/Center for Urban Studies May 2001
  • 18. Predominant Race, 1950Tri-County Area MACOMB MACOMB OAKLAND OAKLAND Detroit Detroit WAYNE WAYNE Legend COUNTY COUNTY City City Census Tract Predominant Race White Black No Data No Population Source: Minnesota Population Center. HNGIS, 2004 December 2008/jcb
  • 19. Predominant Race, 1960Tri-County Area MACOMB MACOMB OAKLAND OAKLAND Detroit Detroit WAYNE WAYNE Legend COUNTY COUNTY City City Census Tract Predominant Race White Black No Data No Population Source: Minnesota Population Center. HNGIS, 2004 December 2008/jcb
  • 20. Predominant Race, 1970Tri-County Area MACOMB MACOMB OAKLAND OAKLAND Detroit Detroit WAYNE WAYNE Legend COUNTY COUNTY City City Census Tract Predominant Race White Black Source: US Census Bureau, 1970 December 2008/jcb
  • 21. Predominant Race, 1980Tri-County Area MACOMB MACOMB OAKLAND OAKLAND Detroit Detroit WAYNE WAYNE Legend COUNTY COUNTY City City Census Tract Predominant Race White Black Hispanic No Population Source: US Census Bureau, 1980 December 2008/jcb
  • 22. Predominant Race, 1990Tri-County Area MACOMB MACOMB OAKLAND OAKLAND Detroit Detroit WAYNE WAYNE Legend COUNTY COUNTY City City Census Tract Predominant Race White Black Hispanic No Population Source: US Census Bureau, 1990 December 2008/jcb
  • 23. Predominant Race, 2000Tri-County Area MACOMB MACOMB OAKLAND OAKLAND Detroit Detroit WAYNE WAYNE Legend COUNTY COUNTY City City Census Tract Predominant Race White Black Hispanic No Population Source: US Census Bureau, 2000 December 2008/jcb
  • 24. Van Dyke Van Dyke Van Dyke Van Dyke Van Dyke Van Dyke Van Dyke 39 75 10 94 Telegraph Telegraph Telegraph Telegraph Telegraph Telegraph Highland Park ottt o ot atttiio a io tio Grra 10 Gra Grr Gr G Gr Grra Grra Gra and and n nd nd R dRRiv Riiiv Riv Hamtramck ve r verr e er er e Wo Wo Wo Woo Wo Wo ood ood oo d od odw dwa 96 75 wa 94 warr wa wa ard rrd rrd rdd d 96 39 10 75 e e Isl 94 96 75 Bell 375 Michigan Michigan Michigan Michigan Michigan Michigan 75 tR iver De troi Predominant Race by Census Tract White Black Source: US Census Bureau, 1950 Predominant Race by 1950 CensusTract 75 Detroit, Michigan 2001 Wayne State University CULMA/Center for Urban Studies/jcb
  • 25. Van Dyke Van Dyke Van Dyke Van Dyke Van Dyke Van Dyke Van Dyke 39 75 10 94 Telegraph Telegraph Telegraph Telegraph Telegraph Telegraph Highland Park ottt o ot atttiio a io tio Grra 10 Gra Grr Gr G Gr Grra Grra Gra and and n nd nd R dRRiv Riiiv Riv Hamtramck ve r verr e er er e Wo Wo Wo Woo Wo Wo ood ood oo d od odw dwa 96 75 wa 94 warr wa wa ard rrd rrd rdd d 96 39 10 75 e e Isl 94 96 75 Bell 375 Michigan Michigan Michigan Michigan Michigan Michigan 75 tR iver De troi Predominant Race by Census Tract Hispanic Black White Predominant Race by No Population No Predominant Race 75 2000 Census Tract Source: US Census Bureau 2000 Detroit, Michigan 2001 Wayne State University CULMA/Center for Urban Studies/jcb
  • 26. Whites have moved throughout the region since 1970, while African Americans have moved primarily to concentrated areas adjacent to the City of Detroit.Prepared by:Kirwan Institute White Population Change Prepared by: Kirwan Institute African American Population ChangeDate:September 30, 2005 1970 to 2000 Date: September 30, 2005 1970 to 2000Projection:State Plane 83 Michigan SouthSource: Detroit and Projection: State Plane 83 Michigan South Detroit and Source:Neighborhood Change Database;Geography Network; Surrounding Counties Neighborhood Change Database; Geography Network; Surrounding CountiesU.S. Census Bureau U.S. Census BureauNotes: Notes: Lapeer Lapeer St. Clair St. Clair Macomb Oakland Macomb Oakland Wayne Wayne County Boundaries Water Bodies County Boundaries Census Tracts Water Bodies Population Loss Census Tracts 0 - 500 Population Loss Monroe 500 - 1000 Monroe 0 - 500 1000 - 5000 500 - 1000 1000 - 5000 Above 5000 Persons Above 5000 Persons
  • 27. The Movement of Persons of Color to the Suburbs Marked the Decade of the 1990s White Black Asian Hispanic Multi/Othr Macomb 34,402 10,838 8,005 4,457 12,841 Oakland 13,452 42,907 24,827 9,369 19,692 Washtenaw 12,095 7,992 8,779 3,108 7,414 Out-Wayne -44,235 21,866 12,970 8,007 26,672 Detroit -112,357 -2,563 1,219 18,694 18,664 Source: Census Bureau
  • 28. The 1990s Brought a Large Out-migration of Blacks and Higher Income Households From Detroit90% 2000 Census Distribution80% Share of Outmigrants70%60%50%40%30%20%10%0% White Black Asian Other Hispanic/Latino < $25,000 $25,000 - $50,000 - $75,000 or $49,999 $74,999 more Source: MIMIC/SEMCOG Analysis of 2000 PUMS
  • 29. Married Couples With Children Were the Drivers of Out-migration From Detroit in the 1990s40% 2000 Census Distribution35% Share of Outmigrants30%25%20%15%10%5%0% Married Couple with Married Couple Other Family with Other Family without Non-Family Children without Children Children Children Household Source: MIMIC/SEMCOG Analysis of 2000 PUMS
  • 30. Black Population by 2000 Census TractMetropolitan Detroit Area Memphis Richmond Twp Brandon Twp Oxford Twp Addison Twp Groveland Twp Bruce Twp Armada Twp Holly Twp Richmond Washington Twp Ray Twp Independence Twp Orion Twp Oakland Twp Lenox Twp Springfield Twp Rose Twp Clarkston Lake Auburn Hills New Angelus Chesterfield Baltimore Rochester Twp Shelby Twp Macomb Twp Highland Twp White Lake Twp Pontiac Rochester Hills Macomb Macomb Waterford Twp Oakland Oakland Keego Harbor Utica Harrison Sylvan Twp Lake Mount Clemens Orchard Clinton Twp Lake Commerce Twp Village Bloomfield Hills Troy Sterling Heights Milford Twp West Bloomfield Bloomfield Twp Birmingham Walled Twp Clawson Fraser Wixom Lake Southfield Twp Madison Royal Oak Heights Warren Roseville St. Clair Berkley Farmington Hills Lathrup Pleasant Shores Village Ridge Lyon Twp Huntington Center Line Novi Southfield Woods South Novi Twp Grosse Farmington Oak Park Hazel Eastpointe Lyon Royal Oak Pointe Park Twp Ferndale Shores Northville Grosse Harper Pointe Woods Lake Woods Northville Twp Livonia Highland Park Grosse Pointe Grosse Pointe Farms St. Clair Ha mtra Redford mck Twp Plymouth Twp Plymouth Wayne Wayne Detroit Grosse Pointe Park Dearborn Heights Westland Garden er it Riv Detro City Dearborn Canton Twp. Inkster Melvindale Wayne River Canada Rouge Allen Park Lincoln Park Ecorse C a Percent a n a d Black, Van Buren Twp Taylor Romulus Wyandotte Non-Hispanic Belleville Southgate No Population Riverview 80% to 100% Huron Twp 60% to 79.9% Trenton 40% to 59.9% Woodhaven Grosse Ile Sumpter Twp Twp 20% to 39.9% Flat Rock Gibraltar 0% to 19.9% Rockwood Brownstown Twp Source: US Census Bureau Lake ErieWayne State Univesity/Center for Urban Studies
  • 31. New Immigrants Had a Large Impact on Southeast Michigan in the 1990s Arrived in Arrived in % of Total 1980s 1990s Foreign BornLivingston 333 1,535 33Macomb 7,119 23,760 34Monroe 329 940 34Oakland 20,364 53,009 45St. Clair 411 1,245 28Washtenaw 10,101 18,914 57Wayne 27,177 66,105 48
  • 32. Asian Population by 2000 Census TractMetropolitan Detroit Area Memphis Richmond Twp Brandon Twp Oxford Twp Addison Twp Groveland Twp Bruce Twp Armada Twp Holly Twp Richmond Washington Twp Ray Twp Independence Twp Orion Twp Oakland Twp Lenox Twp Springfield Twp Rose Twp Clarkston Lake Auburn Hills New Angelus Chesterfield Baltimore Rochester Twp Shelby Twp Macomb Twp Highland Twp White Lake Twp Pontiac Rochester Hills Macomb Macomb Waterford Twp Oakland Oakland Keego Harbor Utica Harrison Sylvan Twp Lake Mount Clemens Orchard Clinton Twp Lake Commerce Twp Village Bloomfield Hills Troy Sterling Heights Milford Twp West Bloomfield Bloomfield Twp Birmingham Walled Twp Clawson Fraser Wixom Lake Southfield Twp Madison Royal Oak Heights Warren Roseville St. Clair Berkley Farmington Hills Lathrup Pleasant Shores Village Ridge Lyon Twp Huntington Center Line Novi Southfield Woods South Novi Twp Grosse Farmington Oak Park Hazel Eastpointe Lyon Royal Oak Pointe Park Twp Ferndale Shores Northville Grosse Harper Pointe Woods Lake Woods Northville Twp Livonia Highland Park Grosse Pointe Grosse Pointe Farms St. Clair Ha mtra Redford mck Twp Plymouth Twp Plymouth Wayne Wayne Detroit Grosse Pointe Park Dearborn Heights Westland Garden er it Riv Detro City Dearborn Canton Twp. Inkster Melvindale Wayne River Canada Rouge Allen Park Lincoln Park Ecorse C aPercent Asian, nada Van Buren Twp Taylor Romulus Wyandotte Non-Hispanic Belleville Southgate No Population Riverview 24% to 31% Huron Twp 18% to 23.9% Woodhaven Trenton 12% to 17.9% Grosse Ile Sumpter Twp Twp 6% to 11.9% Flat Rock Gibraltar 0% to 5.9% Rockwood Brownstown Twp Source: US Census Bureau Lake ErieWayne State Univesity/Center for Urban Studies
  • 33. Hispanic Population by 2000 Census TractMetropolitan Detroit Area Memphis Richmond Twp Brandon Twp Oxford Twp Addison Twp Groveland Twp Bruce Twp Armada Twp Holly Twp Richmond Washington Twp Ray Twp Independence Twp Orion Twp Oakland Twp Lenox Twp Springfield Twp Rose Twp Clarkston Lake Auburn Hills New Angelus Chesterfield Baltimore Rochester Twp Shelby Twp Macomb Twp Highland Twp White Lake Twp Pontiac Rochester Hills Macomb Macomb Waterford Twp Oakland Oakland Keego Harbor Utica Harrison Sylvan Twp Lake Mount Clemens Orchard Clinton Twp Lake Commerce Twp Village Bloomfield Hills Troy Sterling Heights Milford Twp West Bloomfield Bloomfield Twp Birmingham Walled Twp Clawson Fraser Wixom Lake Southfield Twp Madison Royal Oak Heights Warren Roseville St. Clair Berkley Farmington Hills Lathrup Pleasant Shores Village Ridge Lyon Twp Huntington Center Line Novi Southfield Woods South Novi Twp Grosse Farmington Oak Park Hazel Eastpointe Lyon Royal Oak Pointe Park Twp Ferndale Shores Northville Grosse Harper Pointe Woods Lake Woods Northville Twp Livonia Highland Park Grosse Pointe Grosse Pointe Farms St. Clair Ha mtra Redford mck Twp Plymouth Twp Plymouth Wayne Wayne Detroit Grosse Pointe Park Dearborn Heights Westland Garden er it Riv Detro City Dearborn Canton Twp. Inkster Melvindale Wayne River Canada Rouge Allen Park Lincoln Park Ecorse C a Percent a n a d Hispanic Van Buren Twp Taylor Romulus Belleville Southgate Wyandotte No Population 9% to 77% Riverview 6% to 8.9% Huron Twp 3% to 5.9% Sumpter Twp Woodhaven Trenton Grosse Ile Twp 0% to 2.9% Flat Rock Gibraltar Source: US Census Bureau Rockwood Brownstown Twp Lake ErieWayne State Univesity/Center for Urban Studies
  • 34. Persons of Arab AncestryTri-County Detroit Area Macomb Macomb Oakland Oakland Wayne Wayne Total Persons 2,500 to 4,905 500 to 2,499 100 to 499 50 to 99 1 to 49 0 Source: US Census Bureau, 2000Wayne State Univesity/Center for Urban Studies
  • 35. Persons of Assyrian, Chaldean orSyriac AncestryTri-County Detroit Area Macomb Macomb Oakland Oakland Wayne Wayne Total Persons 500 to 934 250 to 499 100 to 249 50 to 99 1 to 49 0 Source: US Census Bureau, 2000Wayne State Univesity/Center for Urban Studies
  • 36. Regional EquityOpportunity Mapping High opportunity exclusive to suburban areas of greater Detroit Limited access to opportunity in inner-city inner- Detroit 90% of regional African Americans live in an area of low-opportunity low-
  • 37. Racial Disparity and Opportunity
  • 38. Annual MigrationCity of Detroit, 2000, 2005, 200840,000 28,704 20,20620,000 14,322 3,084 2,222 1,848 0 Domestic In 1995-2000 2004-2005 2007-2008 Domestic Out -18,261-20,000 -12,562 International Net Migration -29,968 Net Migration-40,000 -40,689 -40,631-60,000 -71,183-80,000 Source: Census 2000, ACS 2005 and 2008
  • 39. The Growth and Movement of Persons of Color Has Increased Across the Region Since 2000200% 194.8% Macomb Oakland Wayne150%100% 46.1% 50% 39.3% 40.0% 31.6% 30.5% 28.6% 23.9% 27.6% 13.5% 13.2% 4.4% -8.9% -1.7%-10.9% 0% African American Native American Asian Multi-Race Hispanic-50% Source: Census Bureau – Population Estimates Program - 2008
  • 40. The Racial/Ethnic Composition of Detroit and Its Suburbs Are Nearly Mirror Opposites100% 3.1% 6.9% 2.0% 1.2% 4.1%90% 0.8% 0.3% 0.2% Hispanic / Latino 10.9%80% Other / Multi-Race70% Asian/Pacific Islander60% Native American50% 82.3% Black /African40% 79.7% American30% White20%10% 8.4% 0% Detroit Suburbs Source: Census Bureau – ACS 2008
  • 41. Top Countries of Origin for Immigrants Coming to Metropolitan Detroit, 2003 - 200812,00010,000 8,000 6,000 10,485 7,531 4,000 4,902 4,172 4,064 3,447 2,000 3,259 2,839 2,779 2,375 2,090 1,741 0 Source: US Dept. Of Homeland Security / Immigration
  • 42. GLOBAL DETROIT
  • 43. TEN STRATEGIC PROGRAM INITIATIVES1. Support and enhance a Welcome Mat of immigration services.2. Expand the Cultural Ambassadors program at Ann Arbor Spark so that more ethnic teams are created and the program supports all communities within the region.3. Create a Detroit Mayor’s Office of Global Affairs.4. Develop a Welcoming America campaign for southeast Michigan.5. Connect immigrant and ethnic communities with regional leadership.6. Create and support an EB-5 Investor Visa Regional Center in southeast Michigan.7. Work with Canadian economic development officials to recruit global firms whose growth and expansion is hindered by restrictive U.S. immigration laws.8. Develop and implement neighborhood revitalization strategies that capitalize on immigration and immigrant communities.9. Make Detroit an attractive second landing destination for foreign born residents who seek better opportunities than what is offered in traditional gateway cities.10. Develop attraction and retention initiatives for foreign students at Michigan colleges and universities.
  • 44. FOUR STRATEGIC OUTCOMES1. Make the region welcoming to the international community and immigrants.2. Attract international investment and businesses that create jobs.3. Strengthen, grow, and revitalize neighborhoods in the city of Detroit and in the region’s core communities.4. Attract and retain international talent in the region.
  • 45. Income*2000, 2009 2000* 2009 Change %Change Median Household Income City of Detroit 38,089 26,098 -11,991 -31.3% Southeast Michigan 63,303 48,535 -14,768 -23.3% Macomb County 67,070 50,553 -16,517 -24.6% Oakland County 79,692 62,308 -17,384 -21.8% Wayne County 52,491 38,192 -14,299 -27.2% Michigan 57,499 45,255 -12,244 -21.3% United States 54,058 50,221 -3,837 -7.1% * Note: All 2000 monetary values are adjusted to 2009 dollars using U.S. Consumer Price Research Series Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U-RS) from 1999 to 2009. Source: U.S. Department of Labor
  • 46. City of Detroit | Toni L. Griffin | DCDC | CBI | JSAbuilding towards a vision eight planning propositions 1 Who will live in Detroit ? 2 Where will people live ? 3 Where will people work ? 4 How will people move ? 5 What will people need ? 6 How will the city invest ? 7 How will Detroit look ? 8 How will we decide ? future Detroit
  • 47. City of Detroit | Toni L. Griffin | DCDC | CBI | JSAThe Technical Scope Neighborhoods, Housing1 Land Use Development 2 Economic Recovery 3 Amenities Green & Gray 4 Landscape & Ecology9 Infrastructure Environmental8 Transportation 5 Sustainability & Transit 7 Public Services, Operations & Fiscal Reform 6 Historic & Cultural Resources
  • 48. Project Area Priorities For Detroit Entrepreneurship Development – Growing Small Business [NEI – Kaufman Foundation] The Woodward Creative Corridor and Anchor Institution Strategy [Hudson-Webber and Kresge Foundations] [Hudson- Mass Transit Development – M-1 Rail and DDOT Plans [Private Sector partners/Kresge/Federal resources] partners/Kresge/Federal Education Systems Redesign – PreK – 20 Framework [Skillman Foundation/DPS/Others]
  • 49. Project Area Priorities For Detroit cont’d The Green Economy and a Sustainable City Agenda Reshaping the City – A Roadmap for Land Use Reform  Identification of need for strong community engagement Robust Arts and Culture Ecosystem  Critical need to bring strong financial footing to major existing arts and culture institutions – Cultural Alliance Neighborhoods of Choice – Aligning Strategies and Investments [awaiting city short and long term strategies] Healthcare Innovation and Excellence
  • 50. Metropolitan Detroit’s Diverse Population: A Closer Look presentation for Detroit Orientation Institute Kurt Metzger Director Data Driven Detroit (D3) October 14, 2010