601 Session11-geographic sources-s13

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LIS 601 Introduction to Reference and Information Services
Spring 2013
Dr. Diane Nahl
University of Hawaii
Library and information Science Program

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601 Session11-geographic sources-s13

  1. 1. LIS 601Geographic Sources Spring 2013 Dr. Diane Nahl University of HawaiiLibrary and information Science Program
  2. 2. Geographic Sources • Geographic Literacy • Geography games • Oldest written form of communication [6200 BC wall painting, 2500 BC tablet, 15th century ms.] • Most expensive rare books sold in 2006 [Ptolemy: Cosmographia 1477, Geographia 1490, $4.4m]LIS 601 2013 Nahl 2
  3. 3. Geographic Sources • Most expensive rare books sold in 2007: #5. David Roberts, The Holy Land, Syria, Idumea, Arabia, Egypt and Nubia. • First quarto edition from 1855-56 of one of the greatest lithographic works ever printed. Roberts was the first Westerner to be granted permission to enter many sacred mosques and monuments in the Middle East. There are detailed drawings, six pictorial title pages, and two engraved maps. Roberts spent 11 months in 1838 to 1839, traveling and sketching throughout the area. Six volumes sold for $13,000 (Abe Books)LIS 601 2013 Nahl 3
  4. 4. Geographic Sources • Most expensive rare books sold in 2009: #1. Gerardus Mercator’s “Atlas” • A cartographer from France, Mercator was responsible for the first book to be called an “atlas” published in 1595. Mercator was also famous for the Mercator projection method of depicting the spherical nature of the earth on a flat map, a technique that is still used today. Sold at auction for $781,00(Sotheby’s).LIS 601 2013 Nahl 4
  5. 5. Geographic Sources • Most expensive rare books sold in 2010: # 6. Ottoman Atlas • Published in 1860s, this atlas contains 31 hand- colored maps prepared and printed in the Muhendishane I Berri Humayun (the Royal School of Military Engineering in Istanbul). Sold for $19,500 (Abe Books).LIS 601 2013 Nahl 5
  6. 6. Geographic Sources • Most expensive rare books sold in 2011: #6. STAUNTON, George. An Authentic Account of an Embassy from the King of Great Britain to the Emperor of China. • Published in 1797-1798 in three volumes. This set is the second edition (corrected) and was signed by the author. • Contains an atlas with 44 engraved views, plans, plates and maps and charts, including large folding world map, with notices of several places where they stopped in their way out and home taken chiefly from the papers of the Earl of Maccartney, Sir Erasmus Gower and the gentlemen in the Embassy. Sold for $17,000 (Abe Books).LIS 601 2013 Nahl 6
  7. 7. Geographic Sources• The most expensive rare book sold in October 2012: de Galaup, Jean-François. Voyage de La Pérouse autour du Monde.• Published in 1798 by Plassan, this second edition set contains four octavo volumes and one atlas, 30 maps, including 20 folding, and 38 views, plans, and plates depicting flora, fauna and boats.• They detail the journeys of explorer Jean-François de Galaup who was appointed by Louis XVI to lead an expedition around the world; and more specifically to complete and correct the Pacific maps of James Cook. Sold for $19,539 (Abe Books). LIS 601 2013 Nahl 7
  8. 8. Largest AtlasLIS 601 2013 Nahl 8
  9. 9. Geographic Sources • Largest book in the world • Kiencke Atlas (world) • 5’ tall x 6’ wide • 350 years old • 37 maps, beautifully drawn • Given to King Charles II by Dutch merchants • Summer 2010 was on display with pages open at the British Library at the maps exhibitionLIS 601 2013 Nahl 9
  10. 10. Geographic Information Needs: Location Questions • Current events • Recreation • Business • Historical geography • Genealogy • Military history • Place name changesLIS 601 2013 Nahl 10
  11. 11. Types of Map Sources • Encyclopedias, Handbooks, • Weather Maps Almanacs & Yearbooks • Electronic Maps, GPS, Geographic • Local or Regional Atlas Browsers • World Atlas • Satellite Image Maps • Google Earth Projects • Student Atlas • Japan Quake Map • Quakes Live Earthquake Map • Commercial Atlas • Tree , Sound, Geocaching, & • Historical Atlas Planetary Maps • Thematic Atlas • Travel Guides • Show Atlas • Globes • National Atlas • Gazetteer & Geographic Dictionary • Name StandardsLIS 601 2013 Nahl 11
  12. 12. LIS 601 2013 Nahl 12
  13. 13. Solid Geographic Features • Cities & Towns • Historical sites • Roads, Railroads • Cultural places • Topography/relief • Lighthouses • Rivers, Streams & Lakes • Airports • Oceans & Seas • Tunnels • Swamps & Wetlands • Post Offices • Mountains & Forests • Banks • Parks • Etc.LIS 601 2013 Nahl 13
  14. 14. Social Geographic Features • Political boundaries • Industry • Historical boundaries • Demographics • Commodities • Language • Transportation • Ethnicity • Population • Religion • Commerce • Etc.LIS 601 2013 Nahl 14
  15. 15. Other Mapped Features • Climate & Weather • Wildlife populations & migration • Environment • Oil, gas & water • Risk assessment resources • Farm types • Energy types • Etc.LIS 601 2013 Nahl 15
  16. 16. Respected Map Publishers • Rand McNally • George Philip & Sons • C. S. Hammond • Michelin • National Geographic Society • Kummerly & Frey • John G. Bartholomew • U.S. Geoglogical Survey (U.S.G.S) • Oxford University PressLIS 601 2013 Nahl 16
  17. 17. Evaluating Geographic Sources • Currency • Symbols • Accuracy • Density • Authority • Font style & size • Emphasis • Marginalia • Bias • Legend • Scale • Index • Projection • Binding • Color • Price LIS 601 2013 Nahl 17
  18. 18. Due in Two Weeks • TEXT CHAPTERS 6 & 11; Handout p. 45 Biography • SW 6 Geographic Sources • April 2 no guest instructor, Dr. Peter Jacso is unavailableLIS 601 2013 Nahl 18

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