Artwork-Spectator Relationship in Digital Art:
The Aesthetic Experience
(Infographics by Brigitta Zics)
art form which implements
(emerging) digital technologies as
tool an medium!
tool= technologies/techniques we
create art with !
medium= technologies/forms we are
using to present the artwork!
Aesthetic ~ focuses on the
spectators’ experience. !
Open-ended art works: open for multiple interpretation and
Art work as a communication system.!
The authorship of meaning moved from the artists to the
Umberto Boccioni !
Unique Forms of Continuity in Space!
Main Aspects leading to Digital Art !
1. Participatory art and Audience Interaction !
– ! ‘art nugatory’(dada)!
– ! Fluxus/Happening !!
– ! Performance!
– !John Cage’s Practice !
2. Technological development of Interactivity
!Virtual reality, Emerging technologies: !!
– Sketch Pad by I. Sutherland 1963!
– Head Mounted Display by I. Sutherland1965!
– Artiﬁcial Reality mid. 1970s !
– Personal Comp 1977!
Forerunners of Interactive Art!
Participatory art form here stands for art works or
movements which characterized an audience
involvement in the art work. !
The artists generated a new forms of interaction,
public congregation, demonstration etc.!
The desire immediately interacting with the
audience brought to art the form of ‘art nugatory’
of dada movement at the beginning of twenty
!"the work may be performed by any instrumentalist or combination of
instrumentalists and last any length of time."!
A happening is a performance,
event or situation that can take
place anywhere, often lack a
narrative and frequently seek to
involve the audience in some
way. This events are usefully
open-ended and improvised.!
18 Happenings in 6 Parts
Ivan Sutherland !
!First Virtual Displays and
Active Spectatorship in Art!
Active spectator describes a participant subject who
actively contributes in the creation process.!
The Interaction between artwork and spectator is not
only a mental process but active participation when the
structure of the artwork changes through the
The Concept of Digital Mirror
in Digital Art
„The speactator sees some
representation of themselfes on a
projection screen. This Representation
follows the movements of the interactor
like a mirror-image or shadow,
transformed by the potentials with
which the artist has endowed the
Peter Weibel !
Alexa Wright &Alf Finney!
Digital Art/Media Art Web resources !