Improving vision function in the patient with Traumatic Brain Injury
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Presentation at the 9th World Conference of the International Brain Injury Association meeting in Edinburgh, Scotland ...
Presentation at the 9th World Conference of the International Brain Injury Association meeting in Edinburgh, Scotland
Objectives: Few reports in the literature note how optometric vision therapy (OVT) can improve the quality of life for those with traumatic brain injury
(TBI). This presentation discusses the significant improvements of signs and elimination of symptoms noted after a regimen of OVT that resulted in improved oculomotor skills, attention, reading and driving ability in a patient with TBI.
Case Report: PA, a university professor, is a 53 y/o WF with a history of traumatic brain injury due to a car accident. Her symptoms included falling asleep while reading, avoidance of reading, decreased attention, and major problems parking her car. The TOVA (Test of Variables Attention) showed an ADHD Score of -4.00 while the Visagraph revealed significant problems in span of recognition, fixation, reading rate/comprehension, efficiency and fluency. She was diagnosed with convergence insufficiency, oculomotor dysfunction (pursuits/saccades), and attention deficit. Optometric vision therapy sessions followed a standard format that included monocular, biocular, binocular and an integration/stabilization therapy phase. Computer aided OVT included the use of Vision Builder, CAVTs VIPS, and Home Therapy Solutions HTS and the EyePort.
After 27, 45 min OVT sessions both the TOVA and Visagraph showed normal attention and oculomotor skills, convergence insufficiency resolved, reading ability improved and parking problems eliminated. All other symptoms were either improved or eliminated. PA currently successfully teaches at a major USA university.
Conclusions: Individuals with TBI often exhibit marked problems in oculomotor skills, binocular vision dysfunction, attention, and other visual abilities that affect their quality of life. Primary eye care providers, in general, do not diagnosis or manage the many vision function, functional vision and vision information processing disorders associated with TBI. Primary eye care providers can utilize this case as a starting point to help them do so in the future or to motivate them to refer to those who have experience and expertise in this area. This case demonstrates that with OVT both symptoms and signs that adversely affect an individual’s quality of life after traumatic brain injury can be improved.
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