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Kilian Schmidtner/Klaus Thoden - The Missing Links:  Defining the Mamluk Empire as a Node,  and What the Network Knows about It
 

Kilian Schmidtner/Klaus Thoden - The Missing Links: Defining the Mamluk Empire as a Node, and What the Network Knows about It

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    Kilian Schmidtner/Klaus Thoden - The Missing Links:  Defining the Mamluk Empire as a Node,  and What the Network Knows about It Kilian Schmidtner/Klaus Thoden - The Missing Links: Defining the Mamluk Empire as a Node, and What the Network Knows about It Presentation Transcript

    • The Missing Links: Defining the Mamluk Empire as a Node, and What the Network Knows about ItKilian Schmidtner – Klaus ThodenEverything is on the Move:The “Mamluk Empire” as a Node in (Trans-)Regional Networks.6th-9th December 2012 co-funded by the European Union
    • The Past, the Present and ... “In Enquire, I could type in a page of information about a person, a device, or a program. Each page was a "node" in the program, a little like a index card. The only way to create a new node was to make a link from an old node. The links from and to a node would show up as a numbered list at the bottom of each page, much like the list of references at the end of an academic paper.” Tim Berners-Lee: Weaving the Web. 1998, p. 10. 04.12.12 2
    • What you will learnRDFResource Description Frameworkhttp://www.w3.org/RDF/ XML Extensible Markup Language http://www.w3.org/XMLTEIText Encoding Initiativehttp://www.tei-c.org METS Metadata Encoding and Transmission Standard http://www.loc.gov/standards/mets/
    • And what the Network knows about It …1. Looking back: Where are the Mamluks in German Orientalist Research (ca. 1850-1950)?2. Setng Links: Weaving a Web of Mamluk Resources by following the Traces in Secondary Literature.3. Diving into Texts: Relatonships between Textual Sources4. The Medieval Hypertext: Authors and their Relatonship in scientfic Manuscripts (ISMI) 04.12.12 4
    • Who we are Europeana http://www.europeana.eu/portal/ DM2E - Digitzed Manuscripts to Europeana http://dm2e.eu/•Humboldt Universität Berlin, DE•European Associaton for Jewish Culture•ExLibris, DE•Universität Mannheim, DE•Max-Planck-Insttut für Wissenschaftsgeschichte, DE•Natonal Technical University of Athens, GR•Net7, IT•Open Knowledge Foundaton, UK•Österreichische Natonalbibliothek•Staatsbibliothek zu Berlin, DE•University of Bergen, NO 04.12.12 5
    • What we do Europeana RDF OPAC OPAC SBB-digital ismi kalliope.staatsbibliothek- coming soon berlin.de sbb-digital. http://ismi-dev.mpiwg- staatsbibliothek-berlin.de berlin.mpg.de/home Kalliope ISMIHandschriften- Orient- Images abteilung abteilung Max Planck Institute for the States Library Berlin History of Science 04.12.12 6
    • RDF – Resource Description Framework 22.01.13 7
    • RDF – Resource Description Framework• Subject – Predicate – Object<gnd:Person rdf:about="http://d-nb.info/gnd/102747083"><gnd:preferredNameForThePerson> Littmann, Enno</gnd:preferredNameForThePerson>22.01.13 8
    • RDF – Resource Description Framework• Subject – Predicate – Object<gnd:Person rdf:about="http://d-nb.info/gnd/102747083"><gnd:preferredNameForThePerson> Littmann, Enno</gnd:preferredNameForThePerson>22.01.13 9
    • OWL – Web Ontology Language• Controlled vocabularies• Domain specific• Vocabulary for books and publicatons: BIBO• OWL for Mamluk officials ttles22.01.13 10
    • Linked Data • GND • "Mameluckenreich" • http://d-nb.info/gnd/4405212-1 • Who was mamluk sultan in 1419? • 1419? Islamic or Christan (Gregorian or Julian) or Hebrew … • Did he have a daughter? 22.01.13 11
    • RDF – Resource Description Framework 22.01.13 12
    • And what the Network knows about It …1. Looking back: Where are the Mamluks in German Orientalist Research (ca. 1850-1950)?2. Setng Links: Weaving a Web of Mamluk Resources by following the Traces in Secondary Literature.3. Diving into Texts: Relatonships between Textual Sources4. The Medieval Hypertext: Authors and their Relatonship in scientfic Manuscripts (ISMI) 04.12.12 13
    • The „Mamluks“ in german orientalist research 0 Mamluken 60 Orientalisten http://kalliope.staatsbibliothek-berlin.de 04.12.12 14
    • Finding aid „Enno Littmann“ Authority File data set: Enrico Cerulli <gnd:UndifferentiatedPerson rdf:about="http://d-nb.info/gnd/102747083"> <gnd:publication>Gallina, Francesco: Suppl.. - 1940</gnd:publication> <gnd:publication>Cerulli, Enrico: Studi etiopici</gnd:publication> <gnd:preferredNameEntityForThePerson rdf:parseType="Resource"> <gnd:forename>Enrico</gnd:forename> <gnd:surname>Cerulli</gnd:surname> </gnd:preferredNameEntityForThePerson> <gnd:preferredNameForThePerson> Cerulli, Enrico </gnd:preferredNameForThePerson> <gnd:oldAuthorityNumber>(DE- 588a)102747083</gnd:oldAuthorityNumber> <gnd:gndIdentifier>102747083</gnd:gndIdentifier> </gnd:UndifferentiatedPerson>
    • Finding aid Enno Littmann Authority File data set: Carl Brockelmann <gnd:DifferentiatedPerson rdf:about="http://d-nb.info/gnd/118862014"> <gnd:publication>Geschichte der islamischen Völker und Staaten. - 1939</gnd:publication> <gnd:preferredNameForThePerson>Brockelmann, Carl</gnd:preferredNameForThePerson> <gnd:variantNameForThePerson>Brūkilmān, Kārl</gnd:variantNameForThePerson> <gnd:variantNameForThePerson>Brockelmann, C.</gnd:variantNameForThePerson> <gnd:publication>Geschichte der arabischen Litteratur</gnd:publication> <gnd:biographicalOrHistoricalInformation>Dt. Orientalist, Prof an d. Univ. Halle</gnd:biographicalOrHistoricalInformation> <gnd:publication>Mitteltürkischer Wortschatz nach Mahmūd Al-Kašgarīs Divān Lǔgat at-Tǔrk. - 1928</gnd:publication> <gnd:preferredNameEntityForThePerson rdf:parseType="Resource"> <gnd:forename>Carl</gnd:forename> <gnd:surname>Brockelmann</gnd:surname> </gnd:preferredNameEntityForThePerson> <gnd:variantNameForThePerson>Brockelmann, Carolus</gnd:variantNameForThePerson> <gnd:geographicAreaCode rdf:resource="http://d- nb.info/standards/vocab/gnd/geographic-area-code#XA-DE"/> <gnd:variantNameForThePerson>Brokêlman, K.</gnd:variantNameForThePerson> <gnd:dateOfDeath>1956</gnd:dateOfDeath> <gnd:oldAuthorityNumber>(DE-588a)131112783</gnd:oldAuthorityNumber> <gnd:professionOrOccupation rdf:resource="http://d-nb.info/gnd/4415844-0"/> <gnd:oldAuthorityNumber>(DE-588a)118862014</gnd:oldAuthorityNumber> <gnd:gndIdentifier>118862014</gnd:gndIdentifier> <gnd:publication>A. Socins Arabische Grammatik. - 1929</gnd:publication> <gnd:dateOfBirth>1868</gnd:dateOfBirth> <gnd:gndSubjectCategory rdf:resource="http://d-nb.info/vocab/gnd- sc#11.2p"/> <gnd:affiliation rdf:resource="http://d-nb.info/gnd/2024162-8"/> <gnd:oldAuthorityNumber>(DE-588a)174042531</gnd:oldAuthorityNumber> <gnd:variantNameEntityForThePerson rdf:parseType="Resource"> <gnd:forename>Karl</gnd:forename> <gnd:surname>Brockelmann</gnd:surname> </gnd:variantNameEntityForThePerson> … </gnd:DifferentiatedPerson>
    • Who is in Kalliope? Enno Littmann and his Correspondence 04.12.12 17
    • My Dear Friend … Two Postcards from Julius Wellhausen to Enno Littmann, July 1902 04.12.12 18
    • NGram – Shortly explained http://books.google.com/ngrams/ 04.12.12 19
    • NGram-Comparisons 04.12.12 20
    • NGram, Lifetime and Publications 04.12.12 21
    • Other Interests ägyptschen, hellenistschen, Türkische, arabische, Britschen, Deutsch-türkische, Kulturpolitsche, pädagogische, Äthiopischen, Babylonisch-assyrisches, syrischer, hellenistsch-römischer, bischöfichen, islamische, Nordsemitschen, semitsche, Mandäische, babylonischen, assyrischen, indischen, Sabäische, ägyptsche, Früharabische, aegyptsches, Koptsche, Hellenistsche, griechischen, Türkisch-deutsches, Orientalische, persische, diplomatschen, hieroglyphische, Altaegyptschen, Neuaegyptschen, Koptschen, Koptsches, Demotsche, altarabischen, Kritsche, religiös-politschen, arabischen, aramäischen Nachlass 245, Enno Littmann, Kasten 99: Reisebilder IV-V Weitere Photos aus Abessinien u. von Inschriften 04.12.12 22
    • Other Interests Geschichte, Wesen, Zeit, Krieg, Grundlagen, Gegenwart, Analyse, Gedanken Kitāb, Islam, Deutschland, Mysterienreligionen, Sternglaube, Sterndeutung, Grammatk, Sprache, Syrie, Zwei, Storia, Arabern, Schattentheater, Inschriften, Türkei, Aegypten, Altertum, Babylonian, Studien, Orientalia, Zivilprozeßordnung, Lesestücke, Gebr., Unterricht, Reste, Heidentums, Hochschulreform, Kant, Bildungskrise, Lebensfragen, Weltreiches, Problem, Bildung, Kulturkrise, Interessengemeinschaften, Aufgaben, Reiches, Universität, Akademie, ... Nachlass 245, Enno Littmann, Kasten 99: Reisebilder IV-V Weitere Photos aus Abessinien u. von Inschriften 04.12.12 23
    • And what the Network knows about It …1. Looking back: Where are the Mamluks in German Orientalist Research (ca. 1850-1950)?2. Setng Links: Weaving a Web of Mamluk Resources by following the Traces in Secondary Literature.3. Diving into Texts: Relatonships between Textual Sources4. The Medieval Hypertext: Authors and their Relatonship in scientfic Manuscripts (ISMI) 04.12.12 24
    • A Mamluk Manuscript Ms. or. quart 1817, States Library Berlin. http://digital. staatsbibliothek- berlin.de 04.12.12 25
    • From a Mamluk to a Mamluk Ms. or. quart. 1817, f. 50b Ms. or. quart. 1817, f. 1a 04.12.12 26
    • The Secondary Literature-Graph Visualization of bibliographic metadata of secondary literature as a RDF-Triple-Graph.
    • Adapted after al-Qalqashandial-Qalqašandī: Ḍauʾ aṣ-ṣubḥ al-musfir wa-ǧinā ad-dauḥ al-muṭmir. (Salāma,Maḥmūd, Ed.) Miṣr 1906, S. 241. Ms. or. quart. 1817, f. 1b 04.12.12 28
    • And what the Network knows about It …1. Looking back: Where are the Mamluks in German Orientalist Research (ca. 1850-1950)?2. Setng Links: Weaving a Web of Mamluk Resources by following the Traces in Secondary Literature.3. Diving into Texts: Relationships between Textual Sources4. The Medieval Hypertext: Authors and their Relatonship in scientfic Manuscripts (ISMI) 04.12.12 29
    • Harriot Online22.01.13 30
    • Harriot Online22.01.13 31
    • Harriot Online22.01.13 32
    • Harriot Online22.01.13 33
    • Harriot Online22.01.13 34
    • Harriot Online22.01.13 35
    • Harriot Online22.01.13 36
    • Harriot Online22.01.13 37
    • And what the Network knows about It …1. Looking back: Where are the Mamluks in German Orientalist Research (ca. 1850-1950)?2. Setng Links: Weaving a Web of Mamluk Resources by following the Traces in Secondary Literature.3. Diving into Texts: Relatonships between Textual Sources4. The Medieval Hypertext: Authors and their Relationship in scientific Manuscripts (ISMI) 04.12.12 38
    • ISMI22.01.13 39
    • ISMI22.01.13 40
    • ISMI - History• started as an Access database nearly 20 years ago• rigid structure, no relaton between fields• Persons and places not always unique• Local soluton• However: being a digital database already, it can be converted into something more usable22.01.13 41
    • ISMI Biographies Database Manuscripts Bibliography22.01.13 42
    • ISMI - Asking questions• Who could have studied the text?• Where and when did copies of the text exist?• Who copied the text, when and where?• Which other texts are related to this text (commentary, copies)?• Understand the network of knowledge represented by the manuscripts.22.01.13 43
    • ISMI22.01.13 44
    • ISMI22.01.13 45
    • ISMI22.01.13 46
    • ISMI22.01.13 47
    • ISMI22.01.13 48
    • ISMI22.01.13 49
    • ISMI22.01.13 50
    • ConclusionRepresentations of text come to electronicdevices (Printed books will diminish.)Research will move into the web.Research tasks will be automated.Research is communication.
    • Thank you for your attention!Questons?Kilian Schmidtnerkilian.schmidtner@sbb.spk-berlin.deKlaus Thodenkthoden@mpiwg-berlin.mpg.de