Notes: The future projections on the MSW generation and disposal are based on a Sustainable Development Research Model for Ireland (ISus). The model has been developed by the Economic and Social Research Institute (ESRI), with financial support from the Environmental Protection Agency. The purpose of this model is to forecast environmental emissions (to air, soil and water) and natural resource use (energy, land, water) until 2025. Version 0.1 of the model used an environmental input-output model to forecast emissions, waste and water use out to 2020 (O’Doherty and Tol, 2007). Currently, the operational version of the model is version 0.2. This version projects emissions to air, energy use and waste generation out to 2025 and is driven by the medium-term scenarios from the Medium-Term Review 2008-2015.
Strategy . Pursue a strategic, rather than piecemeal, approach to law-making for broad environmental policy sectors. Definitions . Provide clear and unambiguous definitions for key terms. Make definitions consistent between laws unless there is good reason for difference. Requirements . Ensure that the requirements of the law are clear, and appropriate to deliver the aims of the legislation. Timeframes . Ensure that timeframes for implementation are clear and practical. Check that the timeframes of different laws fit realistically. Proportionality . Ensure that the requirements of legislation are proportionate to the risks and hazards they address. Reporting . Only require reporting that will support implementation of the law or give useful feedback on its effectiveness. Harmonise reporting requirements across different laws. Revision . Make provision in the law for a simplified process (where the Treaties allow this) to quickly review and revise parts of the law if initial implementation reveals problems of practicability and enforceability.
I will finish with a quote from a book called the “The Regulatory Craft” , by Malcolm Sparrow (2000) “ Regulators, under unprecedented pressure, face a range of demands, often contradictory in nature: be less intrusive – but more effective; be kinder and gentler – but don’t let (them) get away with anything; focus your efforts – but be consistent; process things quicker – and be more careful next time; deal with important issues – but do not stray outside your statutory authority; be more responsive to the regulated community – but do not get captured by industry.” As you can see there are many challenges but we must meet them if we are to deliver effective enforcement of Environmental Legislation.
Enforcement of legislation and building a culture of compliance Ireland’s Environment 2008 Meeting the Main Environmental Challenges Kilmainham Friday 28 th November, 2008 All or part of this publication may be reproduced without further permission, provided the source is acknowledged. Mr. Dara Lynott BE, MSc, PE, Ceng, FEI Director
It is now necessary to factor the environment more fully into our understanding of the Irish economy and Irish society and into our medium-term goals and strategies.
Two of the core ways in which Ireland now earns its living—advanced manufacturing and services—are not areas of poor environmental governance and need not be environmentally damaging
‘ upstream’ or ‘downstream’ from these core business activities Env. Policy is less effective (Upstream are activities—such as energy generation and raw food production Downstream are activities such as municipal services, housing construction and urban development)
It is critical that Ireland achieve more effective conflict resolution and decision making in a number of areas of environmental policy.
1: National Economic and Social Council –Strategy 2006: people, productivity and purpose
Drinking Water - % of supplies detected with E-Coli
Wastewater treatment Level of treatment provided (9.9%, 5.1%, 1.7%, 70.7% and 12.6%)
Discharges to catchments of nutrient sensitive waters
Discharges upstream of drinking water abstractions
Waste - Biodegradable Municipal Waste Based on EPA-ESRI ISus projections Current Position
Waste - Gap to Landfill Directive Targets * Distance = BMW – recovery – max limit Year Maximum quantity of untreated BMW allowed to landfill BMW ‘Distance to Objective’ (Gap Analysis) ‘ Standstill’ position (gap) based on 2006 figures Position (gap) based on ISus 8 waste projections 2010 967,000t 455,000t 672,000t 2013 645,000t 777,000t 1,209,000t 2016 451,000t 971,000t 1,603,000t
Waste - Future generation and disposal of Municipal Solid Waste
Regulation is essential to the proper functioning of a society. Whether through primary or delegated legislation, or more informal arrangements, rules create order and the basis for stability and progress. They shape incentives and influence how people behave and interact. They also help societies deal with otherwise intractable economic, social and environmental problems. 1
1:Banks, G ‘Regulation Reform Management and Scrutiny of Legislation’ , Productivity Commission (Australia), 10 July 2001 .
Complexity of Regulation - Water Quality - Water Framework Multi - authority POMS Catchment Population Spacial Strategy Drinking Water Water Safety Plans Water service strategic plans UWWTP Licensing Pressures Good water by 2015 Compliant wwtp by 2012 Abstractions Assimilative capacity Available water supplies Water quality Water dependant SAC’s Multi - authority Multi - authority Multi - authority Multi-authority Shellfish Groundwater Public Health Reputation Tourism Bathing water Control of inputs Fisheries Dangerous Substances Nitrates Safe guard zones € Resources € Resources € Resources € Resources Buffer Zones Industry
“ Different plans and strategies have different planning cycles, most of which will not be synchronised with the river basin planning timetable. Similarly, different plans and strategies operate to different geographical boundaries, most of which will not fit with the river basin district boundaries.”
Extract from River Basin Management planning guidance River Basin Management planning guidance
In view of Ireland’s heavy reliance on landfill, the availability of alternative waste infrastructure is critical. Ireland’s comparatively poor performance on key benchmarking indicators such as costs and capacity can be traced back to the continued lack of key waste management infrastructure in recent years 1 .
1: Waste Management Benchmarking Analysis and Policy Priorities - 28 May 2008 - FORFAS
“ where there are adverse environmental effects from economic activity, a system of markets will not maximise social welfare. This is because individual firms (or other actors) will not take adequate account of the costs of pollution where these costs do not fall directly on them . The effect of these ‘externalities’ is that there is more pollution than society’s preferences really want. Overall welfare can be increased by government policies that alter the allocation of resources in a way that reflects the value people place on the environment. This creates a complex distribution of costs and benefits for resource owners, firms and households” 1
The average combined charge for water and wastewater services in Ireland’s gateways and hubs is €2.03 per m3.
Average water costs in the largest five Irish cities is €1.67 per m3 and are competitive with those of other countries -€3.24 per m3 in Europe
The full cost of providing water services for domestic users needs to be clearly identified. Having established the cost of delivering water services to domestic users, an analysis of the merits of retaining the current EU derogation on domestic water charges needs to be undertaken to determine how best to fund water provision between user and Exchequer sources.
Assessment of Water and Waste Water Services for Enterprise - 02 September 2008 -Forfás
Move to a river basin district basis of provision of water services to maximise potential economies of scale, both in the building of infrastructure and the operation and delivery of services;
“ Moving to a river basin district provision of services would maximise the potential for economies of scale and enable greater strategic planning and prioritisation of capital investment projects” - Martin Cronin, Chief Executive, Forfás 1
The need for local authorities, county councils and relevant stakeholders to take a regional view, rather than a county level view, to developing the potential of the regions 2 .
1: Assessment of Water and Waste Water Services for Enterprise - 02 September 2008 -Forfás
2: Overview of the Main Infrastructure Issues for Enterprise 28 May 2008 - Forfas
The European Council in March 2007 set a target to reduce the administrative burdens arising from EU legislation by 25 percent by 2012 and invited Member States to set their own national targets of comparable ambition by 2008.
Sixty percent of firms said that the cost of dealing with regulations had increased in the past two years, primarily due to the introduction of new regulations in their view 1 .
1: REPORT OF THE BUSINESS REGULATION FORUM – March 2007