The Spread of GreekCulture Section 5 Miss Denisse Lopez
King Philip of Macedonia Macedonia lay at the North of Greecebut Athens and SpartadidnotacceptMacedoniansas Greeks. Before Philip seizedpower in 359B.C., Macedonia waspoor and divided. Philip united Macedonia and builtanarmystrongerthanSparta. Greekcity-stateswerecapturedoneafteranother. Philip plannedtoattack Persia butbeforeit he wasassasinated in 336B.C.
Alexander The Great Became King of Macedonia at theage of 20. His tutor wastheGreekphilosopherAristotle. His 1st actionwastoinvaded Persia. In 11 years he conqueredanextensiveareathatinclude Persia, Egypt and landsbeyondtheIndusRivertotheeast. Alexander establishedcitiesnamedafterhimself and neverstayedlong.
Alexander’sstrategyforhissoldierswastomarryforeignerswomen. Hisarmybecameexhausted and refusedtocontinue. Alexander returnuntilBabylon, in 323B.C. becamesick and diedbecause of a fever.
TheHellenisticAge Alexandersempirebegantodeclinedafterhisdeath. Alexander didnotdestroyedtheculturefromtheones he conquered. Greekculture spread through temples, agoras, language and theathers. Alexandria becamethe capital fromEgypt and becamethe center forbusiness and trade. AlltheHellenisticcitieswereimportantbut Alexandria becamethelearning center. Greeksmathematicians, astronomers and other scientificshelpcitiestodeveloped.
Euclid: explainthequialities of squares, angles, triangules, cubes and cones. Aristarchus: concludedthattheEarth revolved aroundthesun. Eratosthenes: calculatedthedistancearoundtheEarth.