Findoutwhatitwasliketolive in theancientcity of Sparta.
LearnaboutthePersianinvasion and otherconflictsfacedbyAthenianEmpire
Living in Sparta Spartawastheopposite of Athens. Spartanswereharsh, tough, silent and grim. Inside and outsidewarsledto a change in government and living. Spartansbecausepowerfulwar machines. Alwaysthecity´sneedaboveyourown. Turnedthepeopleconqueredintohelots. Helotsdidfarm labor onSpartancitizensland. Becausetherewere more helotsthanSpartans, turnedthecityinto a militarysociety.
BoysGrowing up in Sparta Government control lifefromanearlyage. Examine newborninfants and thesickbabieswereleftto die. At theage of 7 boyslefttobarracksformilitary training. Age of 12 boyspracticedwithswords and spears. Miserable life, no food, onecloak and a thinmat. Stealingforleaving. Ifcaught, punishmentorkillingwasthepenalty.
GirlsGrowing up in Sparta Girlstrains and compete in wrestling and spearthrowing. Spartansbelievedthatgirlswhogrew up strong and healthywouldhavestrong and healthychildren. Women in Spartahad more freedomthan in Greece. Womenownland and takepart in business.
ThePersian Invade Mid 500s B.C. Cyrusthe Great foundedthePersianEmpire. 520 B.C. Persiangained control onGreekColoniesonthewestcoast of Asia Minor. 490 B.C. Persianslanded at the North of Athens. ThePersiansoutnumbered. Forseveraldaystheyfoughtacrosstheplain of Marathon. WithoutwarningtheAtheniansrushedthePersians and killed 6,400 and drovethePersiansaway.
Conflict and theAthenianEmpire AfterthePersiansweredefeated, Athens alliedwithothercity-states. Athens wasdemocraticsbutbegantotraetitsalliedinfairly. Alliespaid tribute to Athens forprotection. Athens usedthismoneyforbuildings and otherproyects. City-statesbegantoresent Athens power.
Allies of Sparta and Athens foughtfor 27 years in thePeloponnesianWar in thesouthernGreekpeninsula. Athens wasstruckby a plague and 1/3 of Athens populationdied. In 405 B.C. theSpartansstaged a blockadeclosingtheharborwhere Athens recievedfood and shipmentscausingthemtosurrenderedbecause of famine.
ClassworkActivity Whatwasthebasic rule thatgovernedSparta’scity-state? Compare life in Spartawithlife in Athens in a venndiagram. Whatwaslifelikeforthewomen of Sparta? Whowasthefounder of thePersianEmpire? Whathappenedduringthebattle of marathon? Whatconflictsdid Athens faced? HowdidtheSpartansfinallydefeattheAthenians?