AncientGreece UNIT 6 Section 2 Religion, Philosophy and theArts Miss DenisseLopez
TheGoldenAge of Athens Philosphy and theArtsflourished in Athens. Democracywasanimportant factor thatserve as a modelforothercivilizations. Athens grewricherfromtrade and silver. Athens alsocollected a paymentfromthestates and hisallies.
Why Athens was great Athens was the largest city in Greece, and controlled a region called Attica. Athens became rich because had valuable sources of silver, lead and marble. Athens also had the biggest navy in Greece. Athens was a beautiful and busy city. People came to the city from all over Greece, and from other countries, to study and to trade. The city's most famous building was the temple called the Parthenon. It stood on a rocky hill called the Acropolis. Inside the Parthenon stood a statue of the city's protector-goddess Athena.
Pericles Mostpowerfulman in Athenianpolitics. Educated, intelligent and member of anaristocraticfamily. Alwaysactfortheinterest of thecity. Supportdemocracyand became a leader for a democracygroup. Persuade Athenianswithhisspeeches. Introducedreforms and requiredthecitytopay a salarytoitsofficials.
ReligiousBeliefs in AncientGreece TwelveOlympiansGods and Goddesses Eachruleddifferentareas of humanlifeand natural world. Hadhumanforms and characteristicsbuttheywereperfect, powerful and inmortal. Greeksexpressedtheirgratitudebuilding temples. Greeksaskedthemforblessings and avoidangeringtheGods. Eachcity-statehonoredone of thetwelveGods. To honor Zeus, everyfouryearsplayedtheOlympicgames. Homework: VirtuaLogosPrintOlympicGamesfile and answerthequestions.
GreeksworshipthetwelveGodsledby Zeus, the King of theGods. Greeksalsoworshipedlesserones and mythicalheroeslikeAchilles, whofought in theTrojanWar.
GreekslookedforsignsoradvicefromtheirGods, thatmayindicatesthemhowtobehaveorhowtolive. Visitedoraclesforadviceorpredictionsaboutfuture. OracleswerelocatedthroughtGreece and wereheldbypriestorpriestess. OracleshadgreateffectonGreekhistory. Homework: VirtuaLogosPrintGreekGodsfile and answerthequestions.
GreekScience and Philosophy Philosophyis a systems of beliefsorvalues. Philosophers and travelingteacherssuch as: Thales: believedthatwaterwasthebasic material of theworld. Democritus: believedthateverythingwasmade of tinyparticlescalledatoms. : werewriters and travelingteachers, whoweregSophistsoodspeakers, debatedtopics in publics. Somesophistswere more interested in winning debates thanseekingthetruth.
Socrates: discussesaboutwisdom and goodnesswithpeople. Challengedpeople’sbeliefs. Wastakento trial and forcedto suicide bydrinking a cup pfpoisonbecause he dishonoredtheGods. Plato: Socratesstudentwrotethatsocietyshouldbemade of 3 groups: workers, soldiers, and philosophers – rulers. Found a schoolcalledAcademy in Athens. Aristotles: Plato’sstudentbelievedthatreasonshould guide thepursuit of knowledge. Foundhisschool, theLyceum.
Greek Art Acropolis: A reliogious center of Athens, wasdestroyed and Pericles rebuiltitwithbuildingsthatglorifythecity. Parthenon: A temple totheGoddessAthena, made of fine marblewithcolumnsthatsurroundit, and a roomthatheld a 12meters statue of Athena, madefromivory and gold. Statue of Athenanowdaysdoesntexistbutothersculpuresthatdecoratedthe temple stillexist.
Dramas: Storiesorwritten dramas performedbyactors. Written and produced in theGoldenAge. FamousGreek dramas weretragedies, thatoftencontains a choruschantedorsangpoems. Thechorusgavebackgroundinformation. Euripides, Aeschylus and Sophocleswereimportantauthors of tragedies. Tragedieswerepart of religiousfestivalscontest.
Comedies: Also competed in dramaticfestivals. Greekswrotecomediesthatmadefun of wellknowncizitens and politicians and alsomadejokesaboutcustoms. Because of thefreedon in Athens peopleacceptedjokes and humor. AristophaneswasbestknownforGreekcomedies.
ClassWorkActivity 1 Why Athens grewricher? Whowas Pericles and why he becameimportant in Athens? Howdid Pericles strengthemdemocracy? Name 2 waysthatGreeksworshipedgods: WhowasthemostimportantGodfortheGreeks? Whatweresomedifferencesbetweenhumans and GreekGods? WhywereoraclesimportanttotheancientGreeks?
ClassWorkActivity 2 Howdidthebeliefs of philosphersdifferfromtheGreeks? Define Philosophy and Philosophers: Write 1 characteristicsthatexplainwhythefollowingphilosopherbecameimportant: Thales, Democritus, Socrates, Plato, Aristotle. WhatistheParthenon? WhatisAcropolis? WhatisthedifferencebetweenParthenon and Acropolis? Whatwasthe role of thechorus in Greek drama? When do dramas and comedieswereplayed?